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The Brihat Jataka of

Varahamihira:
Chapter One
(Zodiac Signs)

Translated by
Michael Douglas Neely
In July 2015 I felt confident enough to start translating
the Bhagavad Gita in order continue increasing my
The Translator and the proficiency in the Sanskrit language while feeling the
Translation excitement of actually reading and comprehending the
hagavad Gita and then translating the
Sanskrit of the B
I am a mostly self-taught Sanskrit enthusiast. I went to Sanskrit into English. In addition to the Bhagavad
a Sanskrit presentation at a yoga studio sometime in Gita, I have started some translation work on the
the late 1990s. That was my first exposure to any Brihat Jataka and the principal Upanishads.
structured Sanskrit class. The studio arranged a
second follow-up class, but no one showed up, except I am not a Sanskrit professor nor do I claim to be an
me. I took that as an omen. In 2003 I took two expert in the Sanskrit language. Various translations
Sanskrit workshops that emphasized learning the of the Brihat Jataka, Sanskrit primers and textbooks,
Sanskrit alphabet and some noun declensions and verb and the Academic Room Sanskrit-English Dictionary
conjunctions. In 2005 I was able to find a Sanskrit app were consulted during this translation. I consulted
mentor to teach me Sanskrit until about mid-2006. various translations of the Brihat Jataka of
From mid-2006 to mid-2007 I continued my Sanskrit Varahamihira to include those by Swami
studies and Sanskrit to English translations. You can Vijnananada, Usha and Shashi, and B. Suryanarain
see my translation work during this time period and Rao, and the Sanskrit script for this text was found at
my current work on my academia.edu profile: sanskritdocuments.org for clarification and guidance
https://independent.academia.edu/MichaelNeely in my own translation. I relied heavily on the Sanskrit
In mid-2007 I lost interest in studying Sanskrit and primer Devavanipravesika by Robert and Sally
stopped studying it. In 2014, my interest in Sanskrit Goldman, Sanskrit Grammar by William Dwight
was rekindled. I felt a calling to come back to it and Whitney, the Sanskrit Reference Manual by William
started reviewing various Sanskrit primers and Bucknell, and the app just mentioned in making sure I
textbooks. understood the Sanskrit underlying the translation.
In my prose translations, I tried to be as literal as all the same. This book is filling a void that has not
possible, not adding anything to the translation that been provided by the credentialed Sanskrit
was not in the original Sanskrit text. For each verse community that rarely engages the Sanskrit enthusiast
translated, I show the Sanskrit devanagari text, the community in any public outreach minus the
transliteration of the Sanskrit in English (IAST availability of their print and online publications.
format), and the English translation I created. After
that, I broke down each word of the Sanskrit text into
its pre-sandhi form and listed the various grammatical
identifiers of each word. I also explain why my
translation is different from other translations and
provide other background information essential to
understanding the verses. Every translation has it
place in the world. My disagreement with a translation
is just an exercise in how it departs from the literal
translation.

Some Sanskritists may criticize this book given I am


not a credentialed Sanskritist in the guise that I made
certain grammar and translation errors. I am not
immune to error, but I am definitely confident that I
provide a valuable Sanskrit and Brihat Jataka
resource in this book. If one feels moved to criticize
my work, I would appreciate a detailed response in
regards to my error and not some off the cuff rebuke
from on high. I understand societys tendency to give
the benefit of the doubt to a credentialed person over a
non-credentialed enthusiast, but just be aware that
credentialed and uncredentialed people make errors
General Text Background
Chapter 1 Outline of Main This text was written by Varahamihira who lived
Concepts around 507 A.D. and is one of the most significant in
East Indian astrology. The other four are Saravali of
(listed as they appear in the text) Kalyanverma, Sarvartha Chintamani of Venkatesh,
Jataka Parijata of Vaidyanatha and P haladeepika of
Mantreswara. The Brihat Jataka is also a relatively
short text consisting of 407 verses over 28 chapters.
Varahamihira also wrote the astronomy/astrology
texts of the Panchasiddhantika, Brihat Samhita,
Laghu Jataka, and Yogayatra. 1

We know there was cultural exchange between the


area now known as India and Greece because of the
various Greek astrology terms in this text. There even
seems to be an attempt to correspond the Greek terms
with the East Indian terms in various parts of it.

1
"Brihat Jataka," Wikipedia, last modified September 21, 2016,
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brihat_Jataka.
Chapter One Overview Purpose of this Text
Chapter one of the Brihat Jataka mainly covers The author of this text indicates that he will prepare
matters related to the zodiac signs. This chapter is instructions with concise and various examples and
only twenty verses long, but the concepts that can be many methods for the clever but frustrated people
intuited from the verses is immense. trying to understand the great volume of horoscopic
knowledge. This even applies to the available and
systematic knowledge already in circulation during
Characteristics of the Sun and Homage to It that time.
The first verse of chapter one glorifies the Sun as
having the following characteristics: It is interesting how much does not change, even over
hundreds or thousands of years, in the arena of trying
A many rayed light of the world that unfolds the to understand astrology. Contemporary astrologers
different phases of the Moon echo similar words in the above paragraph to
frustrated astrology students.
The lord of destruction, creation, and preservation
Etymology of the word, Hora
The soul of the births on the liberated path
Hora is a common word in this chapter, meaning the
The sacrifice of the knowing soul and the lord of horoscope as a whole or the half division of a zodiac
sacrifices sign. The author states that some people derive the
word Hora, as an abbreviation, from the word
The science of the heavenly bodies and of the worlds Ahoratra by dropping the first syllable, a, and the
last syllable, tra. Ahoratra means day and night or
Found in the Veda in various ways consisting of day and night. The word Hora is also
found in the Greek language.
Beseeched to give the people speech.
Unconquered Good and Bad Actions Pada Division of the Zodiac Signs
This text states that the unconquered actions of the Next, the text outlines the pada (foot) system native to
previous birth, whether good or bad, mature together India, which is connected with the nakshatra system.
and move toward manifestation. Each pada is 3 degrees and 20 minutes. Each
nakshatra (13 degrees, 20 minutes) has four padas.
There are nine padas in each zodiac sign of 30
Body Area Correspondence with the Zodiac degrees.
A body area correspondence is made with the twelve
zodiac signs in the following manner:
Meaning of the Terms Attributed to the Zodiac
Aries (called the best body part): the head area Signs and Houses
Taurus: the mouth area The terms commonly used for a zodiac signs are
Gemini: the upper chest area with the arms rashi, kshetra, griha, and riksha. The terms
Cancer: the heart area commonly used for the house ares bha and bhavana.
Leo: the middle area (the belly) All of these terms are one and the same, and are often
Virgo: the hip area used interchangeably in this text.
Libra: the bladder area
Scorpio: the genital area
Sagittarius: the thigh area
Capricorn: the knee area
Aquarius: the shin area
Pisces: the feet area

It is interesting that this verse interprets these areas as


the limbs of time. Also, the first area starts in the
Ashvins in Aries pairing up the nakshatra system
native to India and the zodiac system.
Pictorial Representations of the Zodiac Signs and Lords of the Zodiac Signs
their Behavior
Aries: Mars
The twelve zodiac signs are pictured in the following Taurus: Venus
manner: Gemini: Mercury
Cancer: the Moon
Pisces: two fishes Leo: the Sun
Aquarius: a water jar Virgo: Mercury
Gemini: a pair of humans with a mace and a lute Libra: Venus
Sagittarius: a human armed with a bow having the Scorpio: Mars
lower limbs of a horse Sagittarius: Jupiter
Capricorn: a makara (a type of sea animal) having the Capricorn: Saturn
face of a deer Aquarius: Saturn
Libra: one possessing a scale Pisces: Jupiter
Virgo: an unmarried girl riding in a boat carrying fire
and corn

The remaining zodiac signs resemble their own name


as follows:

Aries: the Ram


Taurus: the Bull
Cancer: the Crab
Leo: the Lion
Scorpio: the Scorpion

All the zodiac signs have one's own way of going


about things.
when the first navamsha would be the same as the
The Method of Calculating the Initial Navamsha ruler as the zodiac sign.
Lords for the Cardinal Signs (i.e., Aries,
Capricorn, Libra, and Cancer) Figure 1 on the next page shows a spreadsheet of this
The second part of verse six is translated as follows: dynamic. The vargottama (to be discuss in detail in
verse fourteen) places are highlighted in the
The method of the navamsha (1/9th portion of a spreadsheet.
zodiac sign) commencing in the zodiac sign of Aries,
Capricorn, Libra, and Cancer have the ruler obtaining The author also ordered the zodiac signs in the second
an equal share (1/9th portion) of the zodiac sign from part of verse six. They were listed as Aries, Capricorn,
ones own sign in due order. Libra, and Cancer. These zodiac signs are lorded by
Mars, Saturn, Venus, and the Moon. These lords in
The compact verse above is saying the following: this exact order are always the navamsha lords of the
first navamshas from Aries to Pisces in three
Each of the zodiac signs mentioned above (Aries, repetitions.
Capricorn, Libra, and Cancer) have their own ruler
also starting off the nine navamsha divisions of their
zodiac sign. So, the first 320 of Aries (ruled by
Mars) falls in the navamsha ruled by Mars, the first
320 of Capricorn (ruled by Saturn) falls in the
navamsha ruled by Saturn, the first 320 of Libra
(ruled by Venus) falls in the navamsha ruled by
Venus, and the first 320 of Cancer (ruled by the
Moon) falls in the navamsha ruled by the Moon.
These are the only signs where the first navamsha has
the same ruler as the sign of the ruling zodiac sign.
The author cleverly lists the zodiac signs from Aries
Figure 1: Navamsha (Nine Portions of the
Planetary Lords)

Sign Aries Taurus Gemini Cancer Leo Virgo


Degrees
3 20 Mars Saturn Venus Moon Mars Saturn
6 40 Venus Saturn Mars Sun Venus Saturn
10 00 Mercury Jupiter Jupiter Mercury Mercury Jupiter
13 20 Moon Mars Saturn Venus Moon Mars
16 40 Sun Venus Saturn Mars Sun Venus
20 00 Mercury Mercury Jupiter Jupiter Mercury Mercury
23 20 Venus Moon Mars Saturn Venus Moon
26 40 Mars Sun Venus Saturn Mars Sun
30 00 Jupiter Mercury Mercury Jupiter Jupiter Mercury

Sign Libra Scorpio Sagittarius Capricorn Aquarius Pisces


Degrees
3 20 Venus Moon Mars Saturn Venus Moon
6 40 Mars Sun Venus Saturn Mars Sun
10 00 Jupiter Mercury Mercury Jupiter Jupiter Mercury
13 20 Saturn Venus Moon Mars Saturn Venus
16 40 Saturn Mars Sun Venus Saturn Mars
20 00 Jupiter Jupiter Mercury Mercury Jupiter Jupiter
23 20 Mars Saturn Venus Moon Mars Saturn
26 40 Venus Saturn Mars Sun Venus Saturn
30 00 Mercury Jupiter Jupiter Mercury Mercury Jupiter
A contemporary way of looking at this division is by The navamsha portion order , either by lord or zodiac
seeing zodiac signs within the zodiac signs. Each of sign, will be identical for the zodiac signs having the
the signs mentioned above (Aries, Capricorn, Libra, same element. See Figures 1 and 2 for clarification.
and Cancer) have their own zodiac sign as the sign
starting off the nine navamsha divisions of their I find it best to think of the zodiac signs navamsha
zodiac sign. So, the first 320 of Aries falls in the portions or any portions at all like Russian dolls or
Aries navamsha, the first 320 of Capricorn falls in fractals. The portions are just smaller models of the
the Capricorn navamsha, the first 320 of Libra falls largest model, the full 360 zodiac.
in the Libra navamsha, and the first 320 of Cancer
falls in the Cancer navamsha. These are the only signs
where the first navamsha is the same zodiac sign as
the sign of the ruling zodiac sign under consideration.

The elements of the zodiac are as follows:


Aries: fire
Taurus: earth
Gemini: air
Cancer: water
Leo: fire
Virgo: earth
Libra: air
Scorpio: water
Sagittarius: fire
Capricorn: earth
Aquarius: air
Pisces: water
Figure 2: Navamsha (Nine Portions of the Zodiac)

Sign Aries Taurus Gemini Cancer Leo Virgo


Degrees
3 20 Aries Capricorn Libra Cancer Aries Capricorn
6 40 Taurus Aquarius Scorpio Leo Taurus Aquarius
10 00 Gemini Pisces Sagittarius Virgo Gemini Pisces
13 20 Cancer Aries Capricorn Libra Cancer Aries
16 40 Leo Taurus Aquarius Scorpio Leo Taurus
20 00 Virgo Gemini Pisces Sagittarius Virgo Gemini
23 20 Libra Cancer Aries Capricorn Libra Cancer
26 40 Scorpio Leo Taurus Aquarius Scorpio Leo
30 00 Sagittarius Virgo Gemini Pisces Sagittarius Virgo

Sign Libra Scorpio Sagittarius Capricorn Aquarius Pisces


Degrees
3 20 Libra Cancer Aries Capricorn Libra Cancer
6 40 Scorpio Leo Taurus Aquarius Scorpio Leo
10 00 Sagittarius Virgo Gemini Pisces Sagittarius Virgo
13 20 Capricorn Libra Cancer Aries Capricorn Libra
16 40 Aquarius Scorpio Leo Taurus Aquarius Scorpio
20 00 Pisces Sagittarius Virgo Gemini Pisces Sagittarius
23 20 Aries Capricorn Libra Cancer Aries Capricorn
26 40 Taurus Aquarius Scorpio Leo Taurus Aquarius
30 00 Gemini Pisces Sagittarius Virgo Gemini Pisces
Trines also play into the nine portions of each zodiac The trines also show up in the quadruplicities with the
sign of the twelve signs. Each of the elements (fire, ninth portion of zodiac sign being the same as the
earth, air, and water) of the zodiac has three ruling zodiac sign it is dividing in the first ninth
repetitions. portion of the cardinal signs, the fifth ninth portion of
the fixed signs, and the ninth ninth portion of the dual
The quadruplicity of each zodiac sign is as follows: signs. This concept is called vargottama in East Indian
astrology, which will be covered in the fourteenth
Aries: cardinal spring season verse. The vargottama placements are highlighted in
Taurus: fixed spring season yellow in the navamsha spreadsheets in Figures 1 and
Gemini: dual spring season 2.
Cancer: cardinal summer season
Leo: fixed summer season
Virgo: dual summer season
Libra: cardinal fall season
Scorpio: fixed fall season
Sagittarius: dual fall season
Capricorn: cardinal winter season
Aquarius: fixed winter season
Pisces: dual winter season

These quadruplicities are seasonal in nature. Cardinal


zodiac signs are when a particular season is off and
running, fixed zodiac signs are when a particular
season is at its height, and dual zodiac signs are when
a particular season is merging with the next season
having hints of the future season while the current
season is weakening but still present.
The Method of Calculating the Trimshamsha
The first part of verse seven is translated as follows:

The portions of Mars, Saturn, Jupiter, Mercury,


Venus are five, five, eight, seven, and five in the odd
zodiac signs (Aries, Gemini, Leo, Libra, Sagittarius,
and Aquarius), but in the even zodiac signs (Taurus,
Cancer, Virgo, Scorpio, Capricorn, and Pisces) they
are situated in the reverse.

A spreadsheet of the allocation of the lords of the


trimshamsha can be found in Figure 3.

This verse emphasizes the lords of particular degrees


in a zodiac sign because a trimshamsha is a thirty
portion division of a thirty degree zodiac sign. In this
method, only five lords command a certain range of
degrees within the thirty portions. This portioning
cannot be analogized to zodiac signs within zodiac
signs the way the navamsha portioning is.
Figure 3: Trimshamsha Lords of Odd and Even
Zodiac Signs

Odd Sign Aries Gemini Leo Libra Sagittarius Aquarius


Degrees
5 Mars Mars Mars Mars Mars Mars
10 Saturn Saturn Saturn Saturn Saturn Saturn
18 Jupiter Jupiter Jupiter Jupiter Jupiter Jupiter
25 Mercury Mercury Mercury Mercury Mercury Mercury
30 Venus Venus Venus Venus Venus Venus

Even Sign Taurus Cancer Virgo Scorpio Capricorn Pisces


Degrees
5 Venus Venus Venus Venus Venus Venus
12 Mercury Mercury Mercury Mercury Mercury Mercury
20 Jupiter Jupiter Jupiter Jupiter Jupiter Jupiter
25 Saturn Saturn Saturn Saturn Saturn Saturn
30 Mars Mars Mars Mars Mars Mars
The Three Zodiac Junctions from the Navamsha Greek Names of the Zodiac Signs
Portions The Greek names of the zodiac signs are listed as
From the beginning of the sign of Aries to the end of follows:
the sign of Pisces there are three instances of the
navamsha portions when Pisces will be the last 9th Aries: Kriya
portion of a zodiac sign. Those 9th portions are at the Taurus: Tavuri
end of Cancer, Scorpio, and Pisces. These points are Gemini: Jituma
designated as the junctions of the zodiac signs. Figure Cancer: Kulira
2 in this translation demonstrates this. Leo: Leya
Virgo: Pathona
Libra: Juka
Scorpio: Kaurpya
Sagittarius: Taukshika
Capricorn: Akokera
Aquarius: Hridroga
Pisces: Ittham

Once again, interaction between the two cultures is


evident here.
Aries: rising with behind; strong at night
Six Portions of the Zodiac Signs Taurus: rising with behind; strong at night
The six portions of a sign are as follows: Gemini: rising with head; strong at night
Cancer: rising with behind; strong at night
Zodiac sign: no portional division of a zodiac sign Leo: rising with head; strong in the day
Hora: two portional divisions of a zodiac sign Virgo: rising with head; strong in the day
Dreshkana: three portional divisions of a zodiac sign Libra: rising with head; strong in the day
Navamsha: nine portional divisions of a zodiac sign Scorpio: rising with head; strong in the day
Trimshamsha: thirty portional divisions of a zodiac Sagittarius: rising with behind; strong at night
sign Capricorn: rising with behind; strong at night
Aquarius: rising with head; strong in the day
These portions are called the vargas of the signs. Pisces: rising with head and behind; strong in the day

Zodiac Signs Strong in the Day and Night


Taurus, Aries, Sagittarius, Cancer, Gemini and
Capricorn are called night zodiac signs because their
constellations rise from their behinds, meaning the
end portion of their constellation rises over the eastern
horizon first. Gemini is an exception because it rises
head first. Head-first constellations rise over the
eastern horizon with their beginning portion first. The
zodiac signs of Leo, Virgo, Libra, Scorpio, Aquarius,
and Pisces are powerful in the day because they rise
head first. The lagna, or rising sign, with Pisces
rises from both sides, head and back, but is considered
to be strong in the day.
Figure 4: Day (D) and Night (N) Zodiac Signs in Malefic and Benefic Zodiac Signs
the South Indian Astrology Chart Format The zodiac signs are alternately malefic and benefic
from Aries to Pisces.

Male and Female Zodiac Signs


The zodiac signs are alternately male and female from
Aries to Pisces.

Movable, Fixed, and Dual Zodiac Signs


The zodiac signs are repeatedly movable, fixed, and
dual from Aries to Pisces.
Zodiac Sign Rulers of the Directions Rulers of the Horas (two divisional portions of the
The rulers of the east, etc. (east, south, west, and zodiac signs)
north) are Aries, Taurus, Gemini, and Cancer with the In the Hora portions, the Sun and Moon reside in odd
trines (the fifth and ninth houses) based on the zodiac signs in that order, and the Moon and Sun
elements of the zodiac signs. reside in even zodiac signs in that order.

The fire signs (Aries, Leo, and Sagittarius) rule the In this text, the author presents an alternative view of
east. the portions: the first Hora is considered the lord of
the zodiac sign of the Hora and the second, the lord of
The earth signs (Taurus, Virgo, and Capricorn) rule the eleventh house.
the south.

The air signs (Gemini, Libra, and Aquarius) rule the Rulers of the Dreshkanas (three divisional portions
west. of the zodiac signs)

The water signs (Cancer, Scorpio, and Pisces) rule the The Dreshkana portions should be the lords of its
north. own, 5th, and 9th house.

An alternative view in this text is that the Dreshkanas


are the lords of their own zodiac sign, the eleventh
house, and the twelfth house.
Exaltation and Debilitation Degrees of the Planets Vargottama Portions
The exaltation degrees are as follows: The vargottamas are the 320 portions in the cardinal,
fixed, and dual zodiac signs residing in the signs first,
Sun: 10 of Aries middle, and end portions, respectively. Auspicious
Moon: 3 of Taurus results reside in these vargottama portions,
Mars: 28 of Capricorn highlighted in Figure 2.
Mercury: 15 of Virgo
Jupiter: 5 of Cancer
Venus: 27 of Pisces Mulatrikona Houses
Saturn: 20 of Capricorn Leo, Taurus, Aries, Virgo, Sagittarius, Libra, and
Aquarius are the mulatrikona houses of the Sun,
Those degrees are debilitated at 180 from the Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, and Saturn,
exaltation degrees. respectively.
The Natures of the Twelve Houses The Other Natures of the Twelve Houses
Beginning with the rising sign are the houses related Beginning with the rising sign are the houses related
as follows: as follows:
1st house: body 1st house: ability
2nd house: family 2nd house: innate
3rd house: siblings 3rd house: valor
4th house: kinsman 4th house: seizing
5th house: a child 5th house: intelligence
6th house: an enemy 6th house: destruction
7th house: a wife 7th house: a wife
8th house: death 8th house: a cavity
9th house: auspiciousness 9th house: preceptor
10th house: business 10th house: pride
11th house: income 11th house: prosperity
12th house: expenditure 12th house: loss

The Upachaya Houses The Qualities of Certain Houses


The upachaya houses are the zodiac signs known as From the lagna, the fourth and eighth houses are the
Ari (the 6th house), Karma (the 10th house), Labha square signs. The seventh house is termed Dyuna and
(the 11th house), and Dushchikya (the 3rd house). tenth house is termed Ajna.
Others say it is not always so, in regards to the houses
which are upachaya.
The Angular Houses and When They are Strong Other Designations of Houses
The Kantakas (points), Kendras (angular), and Kendras: 1st, 4th, 7th, and 10th houses
Catushtayas (squares) are the zodiac signs of the Panapharas: 2nd, 5th, 8th, and 11th houses
seventh, first, fourth, and tenth houses. They are Apoklimas: 3rd, 3rd, 9th, and the 12th houses
declared strong when they are in insect, human,
aquatic, and bestial zodiac signs, respectively. The fourth house is Sukha, Hibuka, and Veshma; the
seventh house is Jamitra; the 5th house is the Trikona;
Insect: Scorpio is strong as the seventh for Taurus and the 10th house is Meshurana and Karma.
lagna.

Human: Gemini, Virgo, Libra, the upper part of Houses Endowed with Vigor in a Horoscope
Sagittarius and Aquarius are strong as the first The rising sign joined with an aspect from Mercury,
house/lagnas. Jupiter, or the lord of the zodiac sign, and not with the
others, is endowed with vigor.
Aquatic: Cancer, Pisces, and the lower part of
Capricorn are strong as the fourth houses for Aries, The zodiac signs situated in the Kendras (1st, 4th, 7th,
Sagittarius, and Libra lagnas, respectively. and 10th) are endowed with vigor.

Bestial: Aries, Leo, Taurus, the lower part of The biped (human) zodiac signs are endowed with
Sagittarius, and the first half of Capricorn are strong vigor in the day, the quadruped zodiac signs in the
as tenth houses for Cancer, Scorpio, Leo, Pisces, and night, and the insect zodiac signs in both morning and
Aries lagnas, respectively. evening twilights.
Degrees of Each House Colors of the Zodiac Signs
Aries: 20 Aries: red
Taurus: 24 Taurus: white
Gemini: 28 Gemini: yellow
Cancer: 32 Cancer: pink
Leo: 36 Leo: pale smoke colored
Virgo: 40 Virgo: variegated in color
Libra: 40 Libra: black
Scorpio: 36 Scorpio: like gold
Sagittarius: 32 Sagittarius: reddish-brown
Capricorn: 28 Capricorn: spotted or variegated color
Aquarius: 24 Aquarius: deep brown
Pisces: 20 Pisces: transparent

These degrees for each of the zodiac signs are used


for special horary techniques. Example include
learning the distances to stolen articles and the size of
body parts assigned per the house/zodiac sign
correspondence to body parts (see verse four of this
chapter).

More Names of Houses


Dushcikya is the third house, Tapas is the ninth house
and that Trikona in the three, etc. is the ninth house.
Plava Positions
The different plava directions are based on the planets
ruling the signs as follows:

Mars (Aries and Scorpio) = the south direction

Venus (Taurus and Libra) = the southeast direction

Mercury (Gemini and Virgo) = the north direction

The Moon (Cancer) = the northwest direction

Jupiter (Sagittarius and Pisces) = the northeast


direction

Saturn (Capricorn and Aquarius) = the west direction

The Sun (Leo) = the east direction

These designations are also often used with horary


techniques to find articles, choose auspicious
directions, etc.

Term for the Second Zodiac Sign from the Sun


Veshi is the second (zodiac sign) from the zodiac sign
joined with the maker of the day (the Sun).
4. The limbs of time are the best limb (the head),
Chapter 1 Verses mouth, breast, heart, middle part (the belly), hips,
bladder, genitals, a pair of thighs and of knees, the
1. The Sun, many rayed light of the world, unfolding
two shanks (the shins), from that, the two pair of feet.
the different phases of the Moon, the lord of
The first is in the Ashvins in Aries.
destruction, creation, and preservation, the soul of the
births on the liberated path, the sacrifice of the
The feet of a zodiac sign are nine established in the
knowing soul, the lord of sacrifices and the science of
circle of zodiac signs.
the heavenly bodies and of the worlds, who is in the
Veda in various ways, may that one grants us speech.
Rashi, kshetra, griha, riksha, and bha and bhavana.
The terms are one and the same.
2. With abundant clever understanding in clever
intelligence for the comprehension of the results of
5. The two fishes (Pisces), a water jar (Aquarius), a
the horoscope in the connection with the systematic
pair of humans with a mace and a lute (Gemini), a
reasonings, even in the known instructions, in
human armed with a bow having the lower limbs of a
crossing the ocean of horoscopic doctrine for the sake
horse (Sagittarius), a makara (a type of sea animal)
of frustrated efforts, I will prepare a boat of
having the face of a deer (Capricorn), one possessing
instructions with concise and various examples and
a scale (Libra), and an unmarried girl going in a boat
many methods.
with fire and corn (Virgo). The remaining, the Ram
(Aries), the Bull (Taurus), the Crab (Cancer), the Lion
3. Some persons are inclined to take Hora as an
(Leo), and the Scorpion (Scorpio) are resembling
abbreviated form of Ahoratra (consisting of day and
one's own name. All [the zodiac signs] have one's own
night) from dropping the first and last syllable.
way of going about things.
The unconquered action in the previous birth which is
to be the good and bad. Of that maturing together, it
6. Mars, Venus, Mercury, the Moon, the Sun,
goes towards manifestation.
Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Saturn, Jupiter
rule the portions of the zodiac signs [beginning with sign. And whichever (portion) of whichever (zodiac
Aries, etc.]. sign), that (portion) is the varga of whichever (zodiac
sign).
The method of the navamsha commencing in the
zodiac sign of Aries, Capricorn, Libra, Cancer have 10. Taurus, Aries, Sagittarius, Cancer, Gemini and
the ruler obtaining an equal share of the zodiac sign Capricorn are called night [zodiac signs]. Indeed, they
from ones own sign in due order. are said to rise from their behinds, excluding the sign
of Gemini. The remaining are powerful in the day,
7. The portions of Mars, Saturn, Jupiter, Mercury, rising with their heads. The lagna of the pair of fish
Venus are five, five, eight, seven, and five in an odd (Pisces) rises from both sides.
zodiac sign (Aries, Gemini, Leo, Libra, Sagittarius, or
Aquarius), but in an even zodiac (Taurus, Cancer,
Virgo, Scorpio, Capricorn, or Pisces) it is situated in
the reverse.

The termination in Cancer, Scorpio, and Pisces is the


junction of the zodiac signs.

8. They (the zodiac signs) are called Kriya (Aries),


Tavuri (Taurus), Jituma (Gemini), K ulira (Cancer),
Leya (Leo), Pathona (Virgo), Juka (Libra), Kaurpya
(Scorpio), Taukshika (Sagittarius), Akokera
(Capricorn), Hridroga (Aquarius), and the last zodiac
sign, Ittham (Pisces).

9. The names of the portions are Deshkana, Hora,


Navamsha, Dvadamsha, Trimshamsha and the zodiac
11. Those (zodiac signs from Aries) are: 13. Aries, Taurus, Capricorn, Virgo, Cancer, Pisces,
and Libra are the Sun, etc. with ten, three,
Malefic and benefic. twenty-eight, fifteen, five, twenty-seven, and twenty
degrees. Those [degrees] are debilitated in the seventh
Male and female. house.

The bodies are movable, fixed, and dual. 14. The vargottamas in the cardinal, fixed, and dual
zodiac signs residing in the first middle, and end,
The rulers of the east, etc. (east, south, west, and respectively, are the fortunate results understood from
north) are Aries, Taurus, Gemini, and Cancer with the the portions of the navamsha (320).
trines (fifth and ninth houses).
Leo, Taurus, Aries, Virgo, Sagittarius, Libra, and
In an odd zodiac sign reside the Sun and Moon and in Aquarius are the mulatrikona houses from the Sun.
an even zodiac sign reside the Moon and Sun in the
Hora. 15. Beginning with the rising sign are the houses
related to the body (1st house), family (2nd house),
The Dreshkanas should be the lords of its own, 5th, siblings (3rd house), kinsman (4th house), a child
and 9th house. (5th house), an enemy (6th house), a wife (7th house),
and death (8th house), auspiciousness (9th house),
12. But some others take the first Hora as the lord of business (10th house), income (11th house), and
the zodiac sign and the second as the lord of the expenditure (12th house). The upachaya houses are
eleventh house. Also, they relay the Dreshkana as the the zodiac signs known as Ari (the 6th house), Karma
lords of its own (zodiac sign), the eleventh house, (the 10th house), Labha (the 11th house), and
and the twelfth house. Dushchikya (the 3rd house). Others [say] it is not
always so.
16. Ability (1st house), innate (2nd house), valor (3rd 18. Here, it should be known, next from the kendra
house), seizing (4th house), intelligence (5th house), (1st, 4th, 7th, and 10th houses) is the panaphara
destruction (6th house), the wife (7th house), a cavity house (2nd, 5th, 8th, and 11th house) and from all the
(8th house), preceptor (9th house), pride (10th house), others is the apoklima (3rd, 3rd, 9th, and the 12th).
prosperity (11th house), and loss (12th house). From The fourth house is Sukha, Hibuka, and Veshma, the
the lagna, the fourth and eighth houses are the square seventh house is Jamitra, [the 5th house] is the
signs. The seventh house is termed Dyuna and tenth Trikona, the 10th house is Meshurana and Karma.
house is termed Ajna.
19. The rising sign joined with an aspect from
17. Known as the kantakas (points), kendras Mercury, Jupiter, or the lord [of the zodiac sign], and
(angular), and catushtayas (squares) of the zodiac not with the others, is endowed with vigor. [The
signs of the seventh, the first, the fourth, and the tenth. zodiac signs] situated in the kendras (1st, 4th, 7th, and
In those are declared as strengthening when insect, 10th) [are endowed with vigor]. The biped (human)
human, aquatic, and bestial zodiac signs, respectively. zodiac signs [are endowed with vigor] in the day, the
quadruped zodiac signs in the night, and the insect
zodiac signs in both morning and evening twilights.

In the first six signs, the numbers, five, six, seven,


eight, nine, ten multiplied by four are the measure [of
Aries, etc.] and that in the reverse [for the remaining
sign zodiac signs].

Dushcikya is the third house, Tapas is the ninth house


and that Trikona in the three, etc. is the ninth house.
20. Red, white, yellow, pink, pale smoke colored,
variegated in color, black, like gold, reddish-brown, of
a spotted or variegated color, deep brown, and
transparent are the colors beginning with the first
zodiac sign.

Ones own plava is termed from the obtained


lordship.

Veshi is the second (zodiac sign) from the zodiac sign


joined with the maker of the day (the Sun).
Verse 1
Chapter 1 Detail


Division of the Zodiac Signs

mrtitve parikalpita aabhto

vartmpunarjanmanmtmetytmavid

kratuca yajat bhartmarajyotim

lokn pralayodbhavasthitivibhucnekadh ya

rutau vca na sa dadtvanekakiraastrailokyadpo

ravi 1
The Sun, many rayed light of the world, unfolding the mrtitve (stem form: mrtitva) (neuter, locative,
different phases of the Moon, the lord of destruction, singular) = in materiality/having a body
creation, and preservation, the soul of the births on the
liberated path, the sacrifice of the knowing soul, the parikalpitas (1st class verb root: pariklp) (past
lord of sacrifices and the science of the heavenly passive participle, masculine, nominative, singular) =
bodies and of the worlds, who is in the Veda in divided
various ways, may that one grants us speech.
aabhtas (stem form: aabht) (masculine,
nominative, plural) = possessed of rabbits (the phases
of the Moon)

vartman = path
apunar = liberated
janman = birth
vartmpunarjanmanm (stem form:
vartmpunarjanman) (neuter, genitive, plural) = of the
births on the liberated path

tm (stem form: tman) (masculine, nominative,


singular) = the soul

iti (punctuation) (indeclinable) = (syntax marker)

tman = soul
vid = knowing
tmavidm (stem form: tmavid) (neuter, genitive,
plural) = of knowing the soul
kratus (stem form: kratu) (masculine, nominative, pralaya = destruction
singular) = sacrifice udbhava = creation
sthiti = preservation
ca (conjunction) (indeclinable) = and vibhus = the lord
pralayodbhavasthitivibhus (stem form:
yajatm (stem form: yajat) (neuter, genitive, plural) = pralayodbhavasthitivibhu) (masculine, nominative,
of the sacrifices singular) = lord of destruction, creation, and
preservation
bhart (stem form: bhart) (masculine, nominative,
singular) = lord ca (conjunction) (indeclinable) = and

amara = immortal anekadh (adverb) (indeclinable) = in various ways


jyotis = heavenly bodies
amarajyotim (stem form: amarajyotis) (neuter, yas (pronoun, 3rd person, masculine, nominative,
genitive, plural) = of the science of the heavenly singular) = who
bodies
rutau (stem form: ruti) (feminine, locative, singular)
loknm (stem form: loka) (masculine, genitive, = in the Veda
plural) = of the worlds
vcam (stem form: vca) (feminine, accusative,
singular) = a body of words (a speech)

nas (pronoun, 1st person, dative, plural) = to us

sas (pronoun, 3rd person, masculine, nominative,


singular) = that one
dadtu (3rd class verb root: d) (imperative,
parasmaipada, 3rd person, singular) = may it grant Verse 2
aneka = not one (many)
kiraa = ray

anekakiraas (stem form: anekakiraa) (masculine,
nominative, singular) = not one ray (from the sun,

moon, or other luminous body)

trailokya = three worlds
dpa = light
trailokyadpas (stem form: trailokyadpas) (masculine,
nominative, singular) = light of the three worlds bhyobhi paubuddhibhi paudhiy

ravis (stem form: ravi) (masculine, nominative, horphalajaptaye abdanyyasamanviteu bahua


singular) = the sun
streu devapi

hortantramahravapratarae bhagnodyamnm

aha svalpa vttavicitramarthabahula

straplava prrabhe 2
With abundant clever understanding in clever bhyobhis (stem form: bhyas) (neuter, instrumental,
intelligence for the comprehension of the results of plural) = with abundant
the horoscope in the connection with the systematic
reasonings, even in the known instructions, in pau = clever
crossing the ocean of horoscopic doctrine for the sake buddhibhi = understanding
of frustrated efforts, I will prepare a boat of paubuddhibhis (stem form: paubuddhi) (feminine,
instructions with concise and various examples and instrumental, plural) = with clever understandings
many methods.
pau = clever
dh = intelligence
paudhiym (stem form: paudh) (feminine, locative,
singular) = in clever intelligence

hor = horoscope
phala = results
japti = comprehension
horphalajaptaye (stem form: horphalajapti)
(feminine, dative, singular) = for the comprehension
of the results of the horoscope

abda = reasonings
nyya = systematic
samanviteu = connected with
abdanyyasamanviteu (2nd class verb root:
samanvi) (past passive participle, masculine, locative,
plural) = in connections with systematic reasonings
bahuas (adverb) (indeclinable) = abundant singular) = concise

streu (stem form: stra) (neuter, locative, plural) = vtta = examples


in the instructions vicitra = various
vttavicitram (stem form: vttavicitra) (masculine,
deu (1st class verb root: d) (past passive accusative, singular) = various examples
participle, neuter, locative, plural) = in the known
artha = methods
api (adverb) (indeclinable) = and also bahula = many
arthabahulam (stem form: arthabahula) (masculine,
hor = horoscope accusative, singular) = many methods
tantra = doctrine
mahrava = the ocean stra = instructions
prataraa = crossing plava = boat
hortantramahravapratarae straplavam (stem form: straplava) (masculine,
(stem form: hortantramahravaprataraa) (neuter, accusative, singular) = boat of instructions
locative, singular) = in crossing the ocean of
horoscopic doctrine prrabhe (1st class verb root: prrabh) (present
indicative, tmanepada, 1st person, singular) = I will
bhagna = frustrated prepare
udyama = efforts
bhagnodyamnm (stem form: bhagnodyama)
(masculine, genitive, plural) = for the sake of
frustrated efforts

aham (pronoun, 1st person, nominative, singular) = I

svalpam (stem form: svalpa) (masculine, accusative,


Verse 3

horetyahortravikalpam eke vchanti

prvparavaralopt

karmjita prvabhave sad di yattasya pakti

samabhivyanakti 3

Some persons are inclined to take Hora as an


abbreviated form of Ahoratra (consisting of day and
night) from dropping the first and last syllable.

The unconquered action in the previous birth which is


to be the good and bad. Of that maturing together, it
goes towards manifestation.
hor (stem form: hor) (feminine, nominative, karman = action
singular) = Hora ajita = invincible
karmjitam (1st class verb root: aji) (past passive
iti (punctuation) (indeclinable) = (close quotes) participle, neuter, nominative, singular) =
unconquered action
ahortra = Ahoratra (consisting of day and night)
vikalpa = alternative form prva = previous
ahortravikalpam (stem form: horetyahortravikalpa) bhava = birth
(masculine, accusative, singular) = alternative form in prvabhave (stem form: prvabhava) (neuter, locative,
Ahoratra (consisting of day and night) singular) = in the previous birth

eke (stem form: eka) (pronoun, 3rd person, masculine, saddi (2nd class verb root: as) (gerundive) = to be
nominative, plural) = others (some persons) good and bad

vchanti (1st class verb root: vch) (present yad (pronoun, 3rd person, neuter, nominative,
indicative, parasmaipada, 3rd person, plural) = they singular) = which
are inclined to take
tasya (pronoun, 3rd person, neuter, genitive, singular)
prvpara = the first and last = of that
vara = syllable
lopa = dropping paktim (stem form: pakti) (neuter, nominative,
prvparavaralopt (stem form: prvparavaralopa) singular) = maturing
(masculine/neuter, ablative, singular) = from dropping
the first and last syllable
sam (adverb) (indeclinable) = together
Verse 4
abhivyanakti (abhi + 7th verb class: vyaj) (present
indicative, parasmaipada, 3rd person, singular) = it
goes toward manifestation

klgni vargamnanamuro htkroavso bhto

bastirvyajanamrujnuyugale jaghe

tato'ghridvayam

mevipratham navakacaracakrasthit rayo

riketraghakabhni bhavana

caikrthasampratyay 4
The limbs of time are the best limb (the head), mouth, kla = time
breast, heart, middle part (the belly), hips, bladder, aga = a limb
genitals, a pair of thighs and of knees, the two shanks klgni (stem form: klga) (kla + agni)
(the shins), from that, the two pair of feet. The first is (neuter, nominative, plural) = the limbs of time
in the Ashvins in Aries.
vara = the best
The feet of a zodiac sign are nine established in the aga = a limb
circle of zodiac signs. vargam (stem form: varga) (neuter, nominative,
singular) = the best limb (the head)
Rashi, kshetra, griha, riksha, and bha and bhavana.
The terms are one and the same. nanam (stem form: nana) (neuter, nominative,
singular) = mouth

uras = breast
hd = heart
kroa = the middle part (the belly)
vsobht = the hip
urohtkroavsobhtas (stem form:
urohtkroavsobht) (masculine, nominative, plural)
= breast, heart, the middle part (the belly), the hips

bastis (stem form: basti) (masculine, nominative,


singular) = the bladder

vyajanam (stem form: vyajana) (neuter, nominative,


singular) = genitals
ru = a thigh navan = nine
jnu = a knee ka = zodiac sign
yugale = a pair caraa = foot
rujnuyugule (stem form: rujnuyugala) (neuter, navakacaras (stem form: navakacaraa)
nominative, dual) = a pair of thighs and knees (masculine, nominative, plural) = the feet of a zodiac
sign are nine
jaghe (stem form: jagh) (feminine, nominative,
dual) = the two shanks (the shins) cakra = circle
sthita = established
tatas (adverb) (indeclinable) = from that cakrasthits (1st class verb root: sth) (past passive
participle, masculine, nominative, plural) =
aghri = foot established in a circle
dvayam = a pair
aghridvayam (stem form: aghridvaya) (neuter, rayas (stem form: ri) (masculine, nominative,
nominative, singular) = a pair of feet plural) = zodiacal signs

mea = Aries ri = rashi


avin = the Ashvins ketra = kshetra
prathama = the first gha = griha
meviprathams (stem form: meviprathama) ka = riksha
(ordinal number, masculine, nominative, plural) = the bha = bha
first is in the Ashvins in Aries riketraghakabhni (stem form:
riketraghakabha) (neuter, nominative, plural) =
rashi, kshetra, griha, riksha, and bha

bhavanam (stem form: bhavana) (neuter, nominative,


singular) = bhavana
ca (conjunction) (indeclinable) = and
Verse 5
ekrtha = one and the same
sampratyaya = the terms
ekrthasampratyays (stem form:

ekrthasampratyaya) (ekrtha + sampratyays)
(masculine, nominative, plural) = the terms are one
and the same


Some translations interpret "jaghe" as "buttocks"
versus the correct interpretation of "shanks."

matsyau gha nmithuna sagada sava cp

naro'vajaghano makaro mgsya

taul sasasyadahan plavag ca kany e

svanmasad svacarca sarve 5


The two fishes (Pisces), a water jar (Aquarius), a pair matsyau (stem form: matsya) (masculine, nominative,
of humans with a mace and a lute (Gemini), a human dual) = the two fishes
armed with a bow having the lower limbs of a horse
(Sagittarius), a makara (a type of sea animal) having gha (stem form: gha) (feminine, nominative,
the face of a deer (Capricorn), one possessing a scale singular) = a water jar
(Libra), and an unmarried girl going in a boat with fire
and corn (Virgo). The remaining, the Ram (Aries), the n = a person
Bull (Taurus), the Crab (Cancer), the Lion (Leo), and mithuna = a pair
the Scorpion (Scorpio) are resembling one's own nmithunam (stem form: nmithuna) (neuter,
name. All [the zodiac signs] have one's own way of nominative, singular) = a pair of humans
going about things.
sa = with
gada = a mace
sagadam (stem form: sagada) (neuter, nominative,
singular) = with a mace

sa = with
va = Indian lute
savam (stem form: sava) (neuter, nominative,
singular) = with an Indian lute

cp (stem form: cpin) (masculine, nominative,


singular) = one armed with a bow

naras (stem form: nara) (masculine, nominative,


singular) = human
ava = a horse kany (stem form: kany) (feminine, nominative,
jaghana = lower limbs singular) = an unmarried girl
avajaghanas (stem form: avajaghana) (masculine,
nominative, singular) = lower limbs of a horse es (stem form: ea) (masculine, nominative,
plural) = the remaining
makaras (stem form: makara) (masculine, nominative,
singular) = makara (a type of sea animal) svanman = ones own name
sada = resembling
mga = a deer svanmasads (stem form: svanmasada)
sya = a face (masculine, nominative, plural) = resembling one's
mgsyas (stem form: mgsya) (masculine, own name
nominative, singular) = a face of a deer
svacars (stem form: svacara) (masculine, nominative,
taul (stem form: taulin) (masculine, nominative, plural) = have one's own way of going about things
singular) = one possessing a scale
ca (conjunction) (indeclinable) = and
sa = with
sasya = corn sarve (stem form: sarva) (adjective declined as 3rd
dahan = fire person pronoun, masculine, nominative, plural) = all
sasasyadahan (stem form: sasasyadahan) (feminine,
nominative, singular) = with corn and fire

plava = a boat
g = going
plavag (stem form: plavag) (feminine, nominative,
singular) = going in a boat

ca (conjunction) (indeclinable) = and


Mars, Venus, Mercury, the Moon, the Sun, Mercury,
Verse 6 Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Saturn, Jupiter rule the
portions of the zodiac signs [beginning with Aries,
etc.].

The method of the navamsha commencing in the

zodiac sign of Aries, Capricorn, Libra, Cancer have
the ruler obtaining an equal share of the zodiac sign

from ones own sign in due order.

kitija sita ja candraravi saumya sitvanij

suragurumandasauriguravaca ghakap

ajamgataulicandrabhavandi nava

vidhirbhavana samakdhipataya svaght

kramaa 6
kitija = Mars gha = zodiac sign
sita = Venus aaka = portion
ja = Mercury pa = ruler
candra = the Moon ghakaps (stem form: ghakapa) (masculine,
ravi = the Sun nominative, plural) = the rulers of the (nine) portions
saumya = Mercury of the zodiac signs
sita = Venus
avanija = Mars aja = Aries
kitijasitajacandraravisaumyasitvanijs (stem form: mga = Capricorn
kitijasitajacandraravisaumyasitvanija) tauli = Libra
(masculine, nominative, plural) = Mars, Venus, candra = Cancer
Mercury, the Moon, the Sun, Mercury, Venus, Mars bhavana = the zodiac sign
di = beginning with
suraguru = Jupiter nava = navamsha
manda = Saturn vidhi = the method
sauri = Saturn ajamgataulicandrabhavandinavavidhis
guravas = Jupiter (stem form:
suragurumandasauriguravas ajamgataulicandrabhavandinavavidhi)
(stem form: suragurumandasauriguru) (masculine, (masculine, nominative, singular) = the manner of the
nominative, plural) navamsha beginning with the zodiac signs of Aries,
= Jupiter, Saturn, Saturn, Jupiter Capricorn, Libra, Cancer

ca (conjunction) (indeclinable) = and


bhavana = zodiac sign
samaka = obtaining an equal share Verse 7
adhipati = the lord
bhavanasamakdhipatayas
(stem form: bhavanasamakdhipati)

(masculine, nominative, plural) = the lords (of each
navamsha) obtaining an equal share in the zodiac sign


svaght (stem form: svagha) (masculine, ablative,
singular) = from one's own sign

kramaas (adverb) (indeclinable) = in due order kujaravijagurujaukrabhg

pavanasamraakaurpijkaley

ayujiyujitubheviparyayastha asibhavanlijhantam

kasadhi 7
The portions of Mars, Saturn, Jupiter, Mercury, Venus kuja = Mars
are five, five, eight, seven, and five in an odd zodiac ravija = Saturn
sign (Aries, Gemini, Leo, Libra, Sagittarius, or guru = Jupiter
Aquarius), but in an even zodiac (Taurus, Cancer, ja = Mercury
Virgo, Scorpio, Capricorn, or Pisces) it is situated in ukra = Venus
the reverse. bhga = portion
kujaravijagurujaukrabhgs
The termination in Cancer, Scorpio, and Pisces is the (stem form: kujaravijagurujaukrabhga)
junction of the zodiac signs. (masculine, nominative, plural) = the portions of
Mars, Saturn, Jupiter, Mercury, Venus

pavana = five
samraa = five
kaurpi = the zodiac sign of Scorpio (the number eight)
jka = the zodiac sign of Libra (the number seven)
leya = the zodiac sign of Leo (the number five)
pavanasamraakaurpijkaleys
(stem form: pavanasamraakaurpijkaleya)
(masculine, nominative, plural) = five, five, eight,
seven, and five

ayuji (stem form: ayujin) (neuter, locative, singular) =


in the odd (signs) (Aries, Gemini, Leo, Libra,
Sagittarius, and Aquarius)

yuji (stem form: yujin) (neuter, locative, singular) = in


the even (signs) (Taurus, Cancer, Virgo, Scorpio,
Capricorn, and Pisces)
tu= but
Verse 8
bhe (stem form: ayujiyujitubhe) (neuter, locative,
singular) = in the zodiac sign



viparyaya = reverse
stha = situated
viparyayasthas (stem form: viparyayastha)
(masculine, nominative, singular) = situated in the kriyatvurijitumakulraleyapthonajka-
reverse
kaurpykhy
asibhavana = the abode of the Moon
ali = possessed of a scorpion (Scorpio) taukikkokero hdrogacntya bha cettham 8
jhaa = Pisces
anta = terminating They (the zodiac signs) are called Kriya (Aries),
asibhavanlijhantam (stem form: Tavuri (Taurus), J ituma (Gemini), K ulira (Cancer),
asibhavanlijhantam) Leya (Leo), Pathona (Virgo), Juka (Libra), Kaurpya
(neuter, nominative, singular) = termination in the (Scorpio), Taukshika (Sagittarius), Akokera
dwelling of the Moon (Cancer), Scorpio, Pisces (Capricorn), Hridroga (Aquarius), and the last zodiac
sign, Ittham (Pisces).
ka = zodiac sign
sadhi = junction
kasadhis (stem form: kasadhi) (masculine,
nominative, singular) = the junction of the zodiac
signs
kriya = Kriya (Aries)
tvuri = Tavuri (Taurus)
jituma = Jituma (Gemini) antya = the last
kulra = Kulira (Cancer) bha = zodiac sign
leya = Leya (Leo) antyabham (stem form: antyabha) (neuter, nominative,
pthona = Pathona (Virgo) singular) = the last zodiac sign
jka = Juka (Libra)
kaurpya = Kaurpya (Libra) ca (conjunction) (indeclinable) = and
khya = are called
kriyatvurijitumakulraleyapthonajkakaurpykhys ittham (stem form: ittha) (neuter, nominative,
(stem form: singular) = Ittham (Pisces)
kriyatvurijitumakulraleyapthonajkakaurpykhya)
(masculine, nominative, plural) = they are called
Kriya (Aries), Tavuri (Taurus), Jituma (Gemini),
Kulira (Cancer), Leya (Leo), Pathona (Virgo), Juka
(Libra), Kaurpya (Scorpio)

taukikas (stem form: taukika) (masculine,


nominative, singular) = Taukshika (Sagittarius)

kokeras (stem form: kokera) (masculine,


nominative, singular) = Akokera (Capricorn)

hdrogas (stem form: hdroga) (masculine,


nominative, singular) = Hridroga (Aquarius)

ca (conjunction) (indeclinable) = and


dreka = dreshkana
Verse 9 hor = hora
nava = navamsha
bhga = portions

saja = the names
drekahornavabhgasajs (feminine,
nominative, plural) = the names of the portions are
dreshkana, hora, and navamsha.
drekahornavabhgasajs triaka = trimshamsha
dvdaa = dvadasha
triakadvdaasajitca sajita = named
triakadvdaasajits = named the
ketra ca yadyasya sa tasya vargo horeti lagna trimshamsha and dvadashamsha
bhavanasya crdham 9 ca (conjunction) (indeclinable) = and

ketram (stem form: ketra) (neuter, nominative,


The names of the portions are deshkana, hora, singular) = a zodiac sign
navamsha, dvadamsha, trimshamsha and the zodiac
sign. And whichever (portion) of whichever (zodiac ca (conjunction) (indeclinable) = and
sign), that (portion) is the varga of whichever (zodiac
sign). yad (pronoun, 3rd person, neuter, nominative,
singular) = whichever (portion)

yasya (pronoun, 3rd person, neuter, genitive, singular)


= of whichever (zodiac sign)
sas (pronoun, 3rd person, masculine, nominative,
singular) = that (portion) Verse 10
yasya (pronoun, 3rd person, masculine, genitive,
singular) = of whichever (zodiac sign)

vargas (stem form: varga) (masculine, nominative,



singular) = the division


hor (stem form: hor) (feminine, nominative,

singular) = hora

iti (punctuation) (indeclinable) = (close quotes)
go'jvi karki mithun samg nikhy phoday
lagnam (stem form: lagna) (neuter, nominative,
singular) = the lagna (rising sign) vimithun kathitstaiva

bhavanasya (stem form: bhavana) (neuter, genitive, rodaydinabalca bhavanti e lagna


singular) = of a house
sametyubhayata pthuroma yugmam 10
ca (conjunction) (indeclinable) = and

ardham (stem form: ardha) (neuter, nominative, Taurus, Aries, Sagittarius, Cancer, Gemini and
singular) = half Capricorn are called night [zodiac signs]. Indeed, they
are said to rise from their behinds, excluding the sign
of Gemini. The remaining are powerful in the day,
rising with their heads. The lagna of the pair of fish
(Pisces) rises from both sides.
go = Taurus
aja = Aries
avi = Sagittarius
karki = Cancer
mithuns = Gemini
go'jvikarkimithuns (stem form:
go'jvikarkimithuna) (masculine, nominative, plural)
= Taurus, Aries, Sagittarius, Cancer, Gemini

sa = with
mga = Capricorn
samgs (stem form: samga) (masculine, nominative,
plural) = with Capricorn

ni = night
khya = called
nikhys (masculine, nominative, plural) = they are
called night [signs]

phodays (stem form: phodaya) (masculine,


nominative, plural) = they are rise from their behinds

vi = excluding
Day and Night Zodiac Signs in the South Indian mithuna = Gemini
Astrology Chart Format vimithuns (stem form: vimithuna) (masculine,
nominative, plural) = excluding the sign of Gemini
kathits (stem form: kathita) (masculine, nominative, sameti (2nd class verb root: same) (present indicative,
plural) = are said parasmaipada, 3rd person, singular) = it rises

te (pronoun, 3rd person, masculine, nominative, ubhayatas (adverb) (indeclinable) = from both sides
plural) = they
pthuroma (stem form: pthuroman) (neuter,
eva (adverb) (indeclinable) = indeed nominative, singular) = a fish

rodays (stem form: rodaya) (masculine, yugmam (stem form: yugma) (neuter, nominative,
nominative, plural) = rising with their heads singular) = a pair

dina = the day


bala = powerful
dinabals (stem form: dinabala) (masculine,
nominative, plural) = powerful in the day

ca (conjunction) (indeclinable) = and

bhavanti (1st class verb root: bh) (present indicative,


parasmaipada, 3rd person, plural) = they are

es (stem form: ea) (masculine, nominative,


plural) = the remaining

lagnam (stem form: lagna) (neuter, nominative,


singular) = lagna (rising point)
Those (zodiac signs from Aries) are:
Verse 11
Malefic and benefic.

Male and female.




The bodies are movable, fixed, and dual.
The rulers of the east, etc. (east, south, west, and
north) are Aries, Taurus, Gemini, and Cancer with the
trines (fifth and ninth houses).


In an odd zodiac sign reside the Sun and Moon and in
krra saumya puruavanite te carga dvi deh an even zodiac sign reside the Moon and Sun in the
hora.
prgd kriyavanyukkarka sa triko
The dreshkanas should be the lords of its own, 5th,
mrtaendvorayuji samabhe candra bhnvoca hore and 9th house.
drek syu sva bhavana suta tritrikodhipnm

11
krras (stem form: krra) (masculine, nominative, kriya = Aries
singular) = the malefic va = Taurus
nyuk = Gemini
saumyas (stem form: saumya) (masculine, karkaa = Cancer
nominative, singular) = benefic kriyavanyukkarkas (stem form:
kriyavanyukkarkaa) (masculine, nominative,
purua = male plural) = Aries, Taurus, Gemini, and Cancer
vanita = female
puruavanite (1st class verb root: van) (past passive sa = with
participle, feminine, nominative, dual) = male and trikoa = the trine
female satrikos (stem form: satrikoa) (masculine,
nominative, plural) = with the trines (fifth and ninth
te (pronoun, 3rd person, nominative, plural) = those houses)

cara = movable mrtaa = the Sun


aga = fixed indu = the Moon
dvi = dual mrtaendvor (stem form: mrtaendu) (masculine,
deha = bodies genitive, dual) = of the Sun and Moon
cargadvidehs (stem form: cargadvideha)
(masculine, nominative, plural) = bodies are movable, ayuji (stem form: ayujin) (neuter, locative, singular) =
fixed, and dual in that possessed by oddness (in an odd zodiac sign)

prg = the east sama = even


di = et cetera bha = a zodiac sign
a = the rulers ayujisamabhe (stem form: ayujisamabha) (neuter,
prgds (stem form: prgda) (masculine, locative, singular) = in an even zodiac sign
nominative, singular) = the rulers of the east, etc.
(east, south, west, and north)
candra = the Moon
bhnu = the Sun Verse 12
candrabhnvos (stem form: candrabhnu) (masculine,
genitive, dual) = of the Moon and the Sun

ca (conjunction) (indeclinable) = and

hore (stem form: hor) (feminine, nominative, dual) =
in the hora

dreks (stem form: dreka) (masculine,
nominative, plural) = the dreshkanas

syus (2nd class verb root: as) (optative, 3rd person,


plural) = they should be kecit tu hor pratham bhapasya vchanti

sva = ones own lbhdhipaterdvitym


bhavana = zodiac sign
suta = the fifth house dreka sajm api varayanti
tritrikoa = the ninth house
adhipa = the lord svadvdaaikdaaripnm 12
svabhavanasutatritrikodhipnm (stem form:
svabhavanasutatritrikodhipnm)
(masculine/neuter, genitive, plural) = of the lords of But some others take the first hora as the lord of the
its own, the fifth, and ninth houses zodiac sign and the second as the lord of the eleventh
house. Also, they relay the dreshkana as the lords of
its own (zodiac sign), the eleventh house, and the
twelfth house.
kecit (indefinite article) (indeclinable) = some others

tu (conjunction) (indeclinable) = but

horm (stem form: hor) (feminine, accusative,


singular) = the hora

prathamm (ordinal number) (feminine, accusative,


singular) = the first

bhapasya (stem form: bhapa) (masculine/neuter,


genitive, singular) = as the lord of the zodiac sign

vchanti (1st class verb root: vch) (present


indicative, parasmaipada, 3rd person, plural) = take

lbha = the eleventh house


adhipati = the lord
lbhdhipates (stem form: lbhdhipati) (masculine,
genitive, singular) = as the lord of the eleventh house

dvitym (stem form: dvitya) (feminine, accusative,


singular) = the second
dreka = dreshkana
saj = are called Verse 13
drekasajm (stem form: drekasaj)
(feminine, accusative, singular) = known as the
dreshkana

api (adverb) (indeclinable) = also

varayanti (stem form: varaya) (denominative,



parasmaipada, 3rd person, plural) = they relay

sva = ones own


dvdaa = the eleventh
ekdaa = the twelfth ajavabhamggankulrjhaavaij ca
ripa = the lord of the zodiac sign
svadvdaaikdaaripnm (stem form: divkardi tug
svadvdaaikdaaripn) (feminine, genitive,
plural) = as the lords of its own, eleventh, and twelfth daa ikhi manu yuk tithi ndriyais
zodiac sign
trinavakaviatibhica te astanc 13

Aries, Taurus, Capricorn, Virgo, Cancer, Pisces, and


Libra are the Sun, etc. with ten, three, twenty-eight,
fifteen, five, twenty-seven, and twenty degrees. Those
[degrees] are debilitated in the seventh house.
aja = Aries daa = ten
vabha = Taurus ikhin = three
mga = Capricorn manuyuj = twenty-eight (two 14s joined)
agan = Virgo tithi = fifteen
kulra = Cancer indriya = five
ajavabhamggankulrs (stem form: aa = degree
ajavabhamggankulra) daaikhimanuyuktithindriyais (stem form:
(masculine, nominative, plural) = Aries, Taurus, daaikhimanuyuktithindriya) (masculine,
Capricorn, Virgo, and Cancer instrumental, plural) = with ten, three, twenty-eight
(two 14s joined), fifteen, five degrees
jhaa = Pisces
vaija = Libra trinavaka = 27 (3 aggregates of 9)
jhaavaijs (stem form: jhaavaija) (masculine, viati = twenty
nominative, plural) = Pisces and Libra trinavakaviatibhis = with 27 (3 aggregates of 9)
and twenty [degrees]
ca (conjunction) (indeclinable) = and
ca (conjunction) (indeclinable) = and
divkara = the Sun
di = et cetera te (pronoun, 3rd person, masculine, nominative,
tuga = elevated plural) = those
divkarditugs (stem form: divkardituga) =
elevated are the Sun, etc. asta = the seventh
nca = debilitated
astancs (stem form: astanca) = debilitated is the
seventh house
vargottams (stem form: vargottama) (masculine,
Verse 14 nominative, plural) = vargottamas

cara = cardinal



gha = zodiac sign
di = et cetera
caraghdiu (stem form: caraghdi) (masculine,
locative, plural) = in the cardinal zodiac signs, etc.
(cardinal, fixed, and dual)


prva = the first

madhya = the middle
paryanta = the end
vargottamcaraghdiu prvamadhyaparyantata tas = (adverb with ablative connotation)
prvamadhyaparyantatas (indeclinable) = residing in
ubhaphal navabhgasaj the first, middle, and end
siho vaprathamaahahaygataulikumbhs ubha = the fortunate
phala = the result
trikoabhavanni bhavanti sryt 14 ubhaphals (stem form: ubhaphal) (masculine,
nominative, plural) = the results are fortunate
The vargottamas in the cardinal, fixed, and dual
zodiac signs residing in the first middle, and end,
respectively, are the fortunate results understood from
the portions of the navamsha (320).

Leo, Taurus, Aries, Virgo, Sagittarius, Libra, and


Aquarius are the mulatrikona houses from the Sun.
navabhga = portion of the navamsha (320)
saja = understood Verse 15
navabhgasajs (masculine, nominative, plural) =
understood from the portions of the navamsha (320)



sihas (stem form: siha) (masculine, nominative,
singular) = Leo

vaprathamaahahaygataulikumbhs (stem form:



vaprathamaahahaygataulikumbha) (va +
prathama + aha + hayga + tauli + kumbhs)

(masculine, nominative, plural) = Taurus, Aries,
Virgo, Sagittarius, Libra, and Aquarius hordayastanukuumbasahotthabandhuputrripatn-

trikoa = trikona marani ubhspady


bhavana = a house
trikoabhavanni (stem form: bhavana) (neuter, riphkhyam ityupacaynyarikarmalbhaducikya-
nominative, plural) = the (mula)trikona houses
sajitaghi na nityam eke 15
bhavanti (1st class verb root: bh) (present indicative,
parasmaipada, 3rd person, plural) = they are

sryt (stem form: srya) (masculine, ablative,


singular) = from the Sun
Beginning with the rising sign are the houses related hor = the rising sign
to the body (1st house), family (2nd house), siblings di = beginning with
(3rd house), kinsman (4th house), a child (5th house), hordayas (stem form: hordi) (masculine,
an enemy (6th house), a wife (7th house), and death nominative, plural) = Beginning with the rising sign
(8th house), auspiciousness (9th house), business
(10th house), income (11th house), and expenditure tanu = the body (1st house)
(12th house). The upachaya houses are the zodiac kuumba = family (2nd house)
signs known as Ari (the 6th house), Karma (the 10th sahottha = siblings (3rd house)
house), Labha (the 11th house), and Dushchikya (the bandhu = kinsman (4th house)
3rd house). Others [say] it is not always so. putra = a child (5th house)
ari = an enemy (6th house)
patn = a wife (7th house)
maraa = death (8th house)
tanukuumbasahotthabandhuputrripatnmarani
(stem form:
tanukuumbasahotthabandhuputrripatnmaraa)
(neuter, nominative, plural) = the body (1st house),
family (2nd house), siblings (3rd house), kinsman
(4th house), a child (5th house), an enemy (6th
house), a wife (7th house), and death (8th house)
ubha = auspiciousness (9th house) ari = Ari (the 6th house)
spada = business (10th house) karma = Karma (the 10th house)
ya = income (11th house) lbha = Labha (the 11th house)
ubhspadys (stem form: ubhspadya) ducikya = Dushchikya (the 3rd house)
(masculine, nominative, plural) = auspiciousness (9th sajita = known as
house), business (10th house), income (11th house) gha = the zodiac signs
arikarmalbhaducikyasajitaghi (stem form:
ripha = related to expenditure (12th house) arikarmalbhaducikyasajitagha) (neuter,
khya = known as nominative, plural) = the zodiac signs known as Ari
riphkhyam (stem form: riphkhya) (neuter, (the 6th house), Karma (the 10th house), Labha (the
nominative, singular) = related to expenditure (12th 11th house) , and Dushchikya (the 3rd house)
house)
na (particle of negation) (indeclinable) = not
iti (punctuation) (indeclinable) = (close quotes)
nityam (stem form: nitya) (neuter, nominative,
upacayni (stem form: upacaya) (neuter, nominative, singular) = always so
plural) = the upachayas (increase)
eke (pronoun, 3rd person, masculine, nominative,
plural) = other ones
I found something very interesting in this verse. If one
correlates the signs to houses (e.g., Aries is related to Verse 16
the 1st house, Taurus is related to the 2nd house,
Gemini is related to the 3rd house), then the Upachaya
houses are related to Mercury and Saturn. Mercury is

related to the signs Gemini (when plants and crops
first germinate and pollinate) and Virgo when a plants
and crops have matured for harvest. These signs show
the start of increase in terms of growing a product.



Saturn also shows increase, but it is in terms of
storage and garbage. As the signs of Capricorn and
Aquarius indicate a time of barrenness and
accumulation of the past. My unique theories on kalpasvavikramaghapratibhkatni
Exaltation and Debilitation indicate that Mercury and
Saturn are the strongest planets in the fall and winter cittottharandhragurumnabhavavyayni
time of the day, year, and human lifetime. Saturn
disintegrates life and leaves it in a garbage pile, a lagnccaturtha nidhane caturasra saje dyna ca
heap. A heap is a possible definition of the word
upachaya. Mercury creates heaps of product during saptama gha daamakam j 16
the productive cycle of nature.
Ability (1st house), innate (2nd house), valor (3rd kalpasvavikramaghapratibhkatni (stem form:
house), seizing (4th house), intelligence (5th house), kalpasvavikramaghapratibhkata) (kalpa + sva +
destruction (6th house), the wife (7th house), a cavity vikrama + gha + pratibh + katni) = ability (1st
(8th house), preceptor (9th house), pride (10th house), house), innate (2nd house), valor (3rd house), seizing
prosperity (11th house), and loss (12th house). From (4th house), intelligence (5th house), destruction (6th
the lagna, the fourth and eighth houses are the square house)
signs. The seventh house is termed Dyuna and tenth
house is termed Ajna. cittottha randhra guru mna bhava vyayni = the wife
(7th house), a cavity (8th house), preceptor (9th
house), pride (10th house), prosperity (11th house),
and loss (12th house)

lagnt (stem form: lagna) (neuter, ablative, singular) =


from the lagna

caturthanidhane (stem form: caturthanidhana)


(caturtha + nidhane) (neuter, nominative, dual) = the
fourth and eighth

caturasrasaje (stem form: caturasrasaja)


(caturasra + saje) (neuter, nominative, dual) = are
reckoned as the square signs

dynam (stem form: dyna) (neuter, nominative,


singular) = Dyuna (playing, sporting, and loss)

ca (conjunction) (indeclinable) = and


saptamagham (stem form: saptamagha) (saptama +
gham) (neuter, nominative, singular) = the seventh Verse 17
house

daamakam (stem form: daamaka) (daama +



kam) (neuter, nominative, singular) = the tenth
zodiac sign

j (stem form: j) (feminine, nominative,
singular) = Ajna (power) kaakakendracatuayasaj

saptamalagnacaturthakhabhnm

teu yathbhihiteu balhy ka narbu car

paavaca 17

Known as the kantakas (points), kendras (angular),


and catushtayas (squares) of the zodiac signs of the
seventh, the first, the fourth, and the tenth. In those
are declared as strengthening when insect, human,
aquatic, and bestial zodiac signs, respectively.
kaaka = kantaka (points) balhys (stem form: balhya) (masculine,
kendra = kendra (angular) nominative, plural) = strengthening
catuaya = catushtaya (squares)
saja = known as ka = insect
kaakakendracatuayasajs (stem form: nara = human
kaakakendracatuayasaja) (masculine, abucara = aquatic
nominative, plural) = known as the kantakas (points), kanarbucars (stem form: kanarbucara)
kendras (angular), and catushtayas (squares) (masculine, nominative, plural) = an insect, human,
aquatic
saptama = the seventh
lagna = the first paavas (stem form: pau) (masculine, nominative,
caturtha = the fourth plural) = bestial
kha = the tenth
bha = the zodiac signs ca (conjunction) (indeclinable) = and
saptamalagnacaturthakhabhnm (stem form:
saptamalagnacaturthakhabhna) (neuter, genitive,
plural) = of the zodiac signs of the seventh, the first,
the fourth, and the tenth Note: Scorpio is an insect sign and becomes strong in
the 7th house. Gemini, Virgo, Libra, and the upper
teu (pronoun, 3rd person, neuter, locative, plural) = part of Sagittarius and Aquarius are human signs and
in those get strength when they become the rising sign.
Cancer, Pisces, and the lower part of Capricorn are
yath (adverb) (indeclinable) = respectively aquatic signs and become strong when they become
the 4th house. Aries, Leo, and Taurus, and the lower
abhihiteu (3rd class verb root: abhidh) (past passive part of of Sagittarius and the first half of Capricorn
participle, neuter, locative, plural) = in those are are quadruped signs and become strong in the tenth
declared house.
Here, it should be known, next from the kendra (1st,
Verse 18 4th, 7th, and 10th houses) is the panaphara house
(2nd, 5th, 8th, and 11th house) and from all the others
is the apoklima (3rd, 3rd, 9th, and the 12th). The

fourth house is Sukha, Hibuka, and Veshma, the


seventh house is Jamitra, [the 5th house] is the
Trikona, the 10th house is M eshurana and Karma.

kendrt para paaphara paratastu

sarvampoklima hibukam ambusukha ca vema

jmitram asta bhavana trikoa meraa

daamam atra ca karma vidyt 18


kendrt (stem form: kendra) (neuter, ablative, ca (conjunction) (indeclinable) = and
singular) = from the kendra (1st, 4th, 7th, and 10th
houses) vema (stem form: veman) (neuter, nominative,
singular) = Veshma
param (stem form: para) (neuter, nominative,
singular) = next jmitram (stem form: jmitra) (neuter, nominative,
singular) = Jamitra
paapharam (stem form: paaphara) (neuter,
nominative, singular) = the panaphara (2nd, 5th, 8th, asta = seventh
and 11th houses) bhavana = house
astabhavanam (stem form: astabhavana) (neuter,
paratas (adverb) (indeclinable) = from another nominative, singular) = the seventh house

tu (conjunction) (indeclinable) = and trikoam (stem form: trikoa) (neuter, nominative,


singular) = the 5th house
sarvam (stem form: sarva) (neuter, nominative,
singular) = all meraam (stem form: meraa) (neuter,
nominative, singular) = Meshurana
sarvabhpoklimam (stem form: sarvabhpoklima) =
the apoklima (3rd, 6th, 9th, and the 12th houses) daamam (stem form: daama) (neuter, nominative,
singular) = the tenth house
hibukam (stem form: hibuka) (neuter, nominative,
singular) = Hibuka atra (adverb) (indeclinable) = here

ambu = the fourth house ca (conjunction) (indeclinable) = and


sukha = Sukha
ambusukham (stem form: ambusukha) (neuter, karma (stem form: karman) (neuter, nominative,
nominative, singular) = Sukha is the fourth house singular) = Karma
vidyt (2nd class verb root: vid) (optative, Verse 19
parasmaipada, 3rd person, singular) = it should be
known

hor svmigurujavkitayut nnyaica vryotka

kendrasth dvipaddayo'hniniica prpte ca

sadhydvaye

prvrdhe viaydaya kta gu mna pratpa ca

tadducikya sahaja tapaca navama trydy

trikoa ca tat 19
hor (stem form: hor) (feminine, nominative,
The rising sign joined with an aspect from Mercury, singular) = the rising sign
Jupiter, or the lord [of the zodiac sign], and not with
the others, is endowed with vigor. [The zodiac signs] svmi = the lord [of the zodiac sign]
situated in the Kendras (1st, 4th, 7th, and 10th) [are guru = Jupiter
endowed with vigor]. The biped (human) zodiac signs ja = Mercury
[are endowed with vigor] in the day, the quadruped vkita = looked at (an aspect)
zodiac signs in the night, and the insect zodiac signs yut = joined
in both morning and evening twilights. svmigurujavkitayut (2nd class verb root: yu)
(past passive participle, feminine, nominative,
In the first six signs, the numbers, five, six, seven, singular) = joined with an aspect from Mercury,
eight, nine, ten multiplied by four are the measure [of Jupiter, or the lord
Aries, etc.] and that in the reverse [for the remaining
sign zodiac signs]. na (particle of negation) (indeclinable) = not

Dushcikya is the third house, Tapas is the ninth house anyais (stem form: anya) (neuter, instrumental, plural)
and that Trikona in the three, etc. is the ninth house. = with the others

ca (conjunction) (indeclinable) = and

vrya = vigor
utka = endowed with
vryotka (stem form: vryotka) (feminine,
nominative, singular) = endowed with vigor
kendra = kendra prvrdhe (stem form: prvrdha) (masculine,
stha = situated locative, singular) = in the first half (six signs)
kendrasths (stem form: kendrastha) (masculine,
nominative, plural) = situated in the kendras (1st, 4th, viaya = five
7th, and 10th) di = et cetera
viaydayas (stem form: viaydi) (masculine,
dvipada = biped (human) nominative, plural) = five, etc.
di = et cetera
dvipaddayas (stem form: dvipaddi) (masculine, kta = four
nominative, plural) = the biped (human) [zodiac gua = multiplied
signs], etc. ktagus (stem form: ktagua) (masculine,
nominative, plural) = multiplied by four
ahan = the day
ni = the night mnam (stem form: mna) (neuter, nominative,
ca = and singular) = the measure
prpta = favorable
ahniniicaprpte (stem form: ahniniicaprpta) pratpam (stem form: pratpa) (neuter, nominative,
(masculine, locative, singular) = favorable in the day, singular) = in the reverse
favorable in the night
ca (conjunction) (indeclinable) = and
ca (conjunction) (indeclinable) = and
tad (pronoun, 3rd person, neuter, nominative,
sadhya = morning and evening twilight singular) = that
advaya = not of two (one)
sadhydvaye (stem form: sadhydvaya) (neuter, ducikyam (stem form: ducikya) (neuter, nominative,
locative, singular)= in both morning and evening singular) = Dushcikya
twilight
sahajam (stem form: sahaja) (neuter, nominative,
singular) = the third house

tapas (stem form: tapas) (neuter, nominative, singular)


= Tapas

ca (conjunction) (indeclinable) = and

navamam (stem form: navama) (neuter, nominative,


singular) = the ninth house

tri = three
di = et cetera
trydym (stem form:) (feminine, locative, singular) =
in the three, etc.

trikoam (stem form: trikoa) (neuter, nominative,


singular) = Trikona

ca (conjunction) (indeclinable) = and

tad (pronoun, 3rd person, neuter, nominative,


singular) = that
Red, white, yellow, pink, pale smoke colored,
Verse 20 variegated in color, black, like gold, reddish-brown, of
a spotted or variegated color, deep brown, and
transparent are the colors beginning with the first

zodiac sign.

Ones own plava is termed from the obtained
lordship.

Veshi is the second (zodiac sign) from the zodiac sign



joined with the maker of the day (the Sun).
rakta veta uka tanu nibha palo dhmra

pucitra

ka kanaka sada pigala karburaca

babhru svaccha prathama bhavandyeu var

plavatva

svmykhya dina karayutd bhd dvitya ca

vei 20
raktas (verb root: raj) (past passive participle, kanaka = gold
masculine, nominative, singular) = red sada = like
kanakasadas (stem form: kanakasada) (masculine,
vetas (stem form: veta) (masculine, nominative, nominative, singular) = like gold
singular) = white
pigalas (stem form: pigala) (masculine, nominative,
uka = a parrot singular) = reddish-brown
tanu = a feather
nibha = like a karburas (stem form: karbura) (masculine,
ukatanunibhas (stem form: ukatanunibha) = like a nominative, singular) = of a spotted or variegated
parrot feather (the color yellow) color

palas (stem form: pala) (masculine, nominative, ca (conjunction) (indeclinable) = and


singular) = pink
babhrus (stem form: babhru) (masculine, nominative,
dhmra = smoke-colored singular) = deep brown
pu = pale
dhmrapus (stem form: dhmrapu) svacchas (stem form: svaccha) (masculine,
(masculine, nominative, singular) = pale smoke nominative, singular) = transparent
colored
prathama = the first
citras (stem form: citra) (masculine, nominative, bhavana = zodiac sign
singular) = variegated in color di = beginning with
prathamabhavandyeu (stem form:
kas (stem form: ka) (masculine, nominative, prathamabhavandi) (masculine, locative, plural) =
singular) = black beginning with the first zodiac sign
vars (stem form: vara) (masculine, nominative, ca (conjunction) (indeclinable) = and
plural) = colors
veis (stem form: vei) (feminine, nominative,
plava = plava (boat) singular) = veshi
tva = ones own
plavatvam (stem form: plavatva) (neuter, nominative,
singular) = ones own plava (the position of a
constellation in the quarter ruled by its planetary
regent)

svmya = lordship
a = attained
khya = termed
svmykhyam (stem form: svmykhya) = termed
from the obtained lordship

dinakara = maker of the day (the Sun)


yuta = joined
dinakarayutt (2nd class verb root: yu) (past passive
participle, masculine, nominative, singular) = from
joined the maker of the day (the Sun)

bht (stem form: bha) (masculine, nominative,


singular) = from the zodiac sign

dvityam (stem form: dvitya) (neuter, nominative,


singular) = the second