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Detailed Solution

Telep h on e: 011-41013406, Mob ile: 8130909220, 9711853908

Web : www.iesmaster.org E- m a il: info@iesmaster.org

Explanation of Electrical Engg. Prelims Paper (ESE - 2017)

SET - B

1. Consider the following statements with regard Gauss law states that The net electric flux

to Lissajous pattern on a CRO: through any closed surface is equal to the

R

net charge within that closed surface.

1. It is a stationary pattern on the CRO.

2. It is used for precise measurement of

frequency of a voltage signal. Electric flux = E D.ds Qenclosed

TE

3. The ratio between frequencies of vertical 3. If a positively charged body is placed inside a

and longitudinal voltage signals should be spherical hollow conductor, what will be the

an integer to have a steady Lissajous polarity of charge inside and outside the hollow

pattern. conductor?

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

AS

(a) Inside positive, outside negative

(a) 1 only (b) 2 only (b) Inside negative, outside positive

(c) 3 only (d) 1,2 and 3 (c) Both negative

Sol. (c)

(d) Both positive

In the Lissajous pattern on the CRO, if

Sol. (b)

M

integer, then the pattern will be stationary.

If the ratio of frequencies is not an integer, + +

+

+

+

then it does not give stationary pattern.

+ + +

+ + +

S

+

+

IE

+

+

+ + +

2. Electric flux enclosed by a surface surrounding

a charge is equal to the amount of charge

enclosed. This is the statement of The positively charged body will induce

negative charge on the inner surface of the

(a) Faradays law hollow sphere. As the sphere is neutral, equal

(b) Lenzs law amount of positive charge will appear on the

outer surface so that net charge on the sphere

(c) Modified Amperes law is zero.

(d) Gausss law

4. Consider the following statements regarding

Sol. (d) Peer-to-Peer computing environment:

, 8010009955

1. In this system, clients and servers are not Given (657)8 = (110101111)2

distinguished from one another.

= (1AF)16

2. All nodes distributed throughout the system

(within) are considered Peers and each may 7. In potential transformers, the secondary turns

act as either a client or a server. are increased slightly and the primary and

3. Peer-to-Peer system assuredly offers certain secondary windings are wound as closely as

R

advantages over the traditional client-server possible to compensate for

system.

(a) Phase angle and ratio error, respectively

TE

Which of the above statements are correct? (b) Ratio and phase angle error, respectively

(a) 1,2,3 and 4 (b) 1,2 and only (c) Any eddy current loss and hysteresis loss,

(c) 1 and 4 only (d) 2,3 and 4 only respectively

Sol. (c) (d) The hysteresis loss and eddy current loss,

respectively

AS

5. What is the octal equivalent of (5621.125)10?

Sol. (b)

(a) 11774.010 (b) 12765.100

In potential transformer, the ratio error

(c) 16572.100 (d) 17652.010 can be reduced by turn compensation.

i e. by making the secondary turns

Sol. (b) increased slightly that required with rated

M

Octal equivalent of (5621.125) 10

burden.

For integer part

Pri mary and secondary windi ngs in

8 5621 pot ential transf ormer are wound as

S

8 87 6 phase angle error.

8 10 7 = 12765

IE

1 2 figure can be represented by

I1 I2

For decimal part 0.125 8 = 1 + 5 +

Hence, (5621.125) 10 = (12765.100) 8

V1 V2

6. What is the hexadecimal representation of

(657)8?

(a) 1 AF (b) D 78 1 1

5 5

(c) D 71 (d) 32 F (a) [y] =

1 1

Sol. (a) 5 5

, 8010009955

1 1 (a) ib = ib (b) i1 = id

5

5 (c) ic = id (d) ia = ib

(b) [y] =

1 1

5 Sol. (c&d)

5

Given, two-port network is

5 5

(c) [y] = ia ic

5 5 a

R

Two-port

5 5 network

(d) [y] =

5 5 b d

ib id

TE

Sol. (b)

For a two-port network, the current entering

Given two-part network is

to terminal a of port 1 is same as the the

5 current coming from terminal b of port 1.

+ I1 I2 +

V1 V2 Similarly at port 2.

Thus,

AS

i a = i b and i c = id

The currents I 1 and I 2 can be expressed

in terms of V 1 and V2 as 1

10. A 4 digit voltmeter is used for voltage

2

V1 V2 1 1

I1 = V1 V2 ..(i) measurement. How would 0.7525 V be

5 5 5

M

displayed in 1 V range?

V2 V1 1 1 (a) 0.725 V (b) 0.752 V

and I 2 = V1 V2 ...(ii)

5 5 5

(c) 0.075 V (d) 0.0752 V

Thus, admittance matrix of the given two -

port Sol. (a)

S

1

1 1 Number of full digit on a 4 digits display

2

5

IE

5 = 4

[Y] = 1 1

1

5 5 Resolution = = 0.0001

10 4

9. In the two-port network shown, which of the The resolution on 1V range = 10.0001 =

0.0001V

following is correct?

1

4 DVM

2

ia ic 1 4

a c 2

b d Range is 1V

ib id

Decimal position in density will be

, 8010009955

0 .7 5 2 5 12. Consider the following statements with regard

to Moving Iron (MI) instruments:

Therefore on 1V range, any reading can be

displayed to 4th decimal place. 1. These instruments possess high operating

Hence, on 1V range display will be 0.7525 V torque.

2. These instruments can be used in ac and

11. Which of the following equations represent

R

Gausss law adapted to a homogeneous dc circuits.

isotropic medium? 3. Power consumption in these instruments is

lower for low voltage range.

TE

1. s D.ds v dv

Which of the above statements are correct?

2. H D (a) 1 and 2 only (b) 1 and 3 only

(c) 2 and 3 only (d) 1,2 and 3

3. .J 0

Sol. (a)

AS

4. .E MI t ype i nst rum ents possess hi gh

operat ing torque and can wit hstand

5. 2 . 0 overloads momentarily.

It can be used for the measurement of

Select the correct answer using the codes given AC and DC both quantities.

below:

M

(a) 1 and 4 only (b) 2 and 3 only

power consumption is higher.

(c) 3 and 5 only (d) 1,2,4 and 5 only

Sol. (a) 13. A current of (10 + 5 sin t + 3 sin 2 t) is

Gauss law is given by : measured using a moving iron instrument. The

S

reading would be

E D.ds Q enclosed

S

(a) 08.82 A (b) 10.00 A

IE

If v is charge per unit volume. Then, Qenclosed (c) 10.82 A (d) 12.75 A

Sol. (c)

v dv Moving iron instrument indicates rms value.

v

Given, i(t) = 10 5 sin t 3 sin 2t

D.ds v dv

Also, by divergence theorem, Gauss law for 5 2

3 2

2 2

in differential form as :

.E 25 9

0 = 100

2 2

, 8010009955

org

ANNOUNCES NEW BATCHES FOR

IES/GATE/PSUs

BRANCHES4

ENGG

ENGG COMM. ENGG

Weekend

Batches Start

th

28 Jan'17

Regular

ADMISSION

Batches Start OPEN FOR

th

15 Feb'17 SESSION

2017-18

8010009955, 9711853908

16. A computer system has a cache with a cache

234 access time TC = 10 ns, a hit ratio of 80% and

= = 117 = 10.81A

2 an average memory access time TM = 20 ns.

What is the access time for physical memory

14. Which one of the following methods is used for TP ?

the measurement of high resistances?

(a) 90 ns (b) 80 ns

(a) Carey-Foster bridge method (c) 60 ns (d) 20 ns

R

(b) Substitution method Sol. (c)

(c) Loss of charge method

Cache access time (T c ) = 10 nsec.

TE

(d) Potentiometer method hit ratio = 80%

Average memory access time (T m) = 20nsec.

Sol. (c) Access time for physical memory T P= T+T c

Methods used for measurement of high T c hit ratio + miss ratio (T c +T) = 20

resistances: 100.8+(10.8)(10+T) = 20

AS

1. Direct deflection method 8+2+0.2T = 20

0.2T = 10

2. Loss of charge method

3. Megohm bridge method 10

T = 10 50

2

4. Meggar

T p = 50 + T c = 60 nsec.

M

17. If n has the value 3, then the C language

to induction type wattmeter:

statement: a[++n] = n + +; assigns

1. Can be used on both ac and dc systems.

(a) 3 to a[5] (b) 4 to a[5]

2. Power consumption is relatively low.

(c) 4 to a[4] (d) 5 to a[5]

3. It is accurate only at stated frequency and

S

Sol. (a)

temperature.

18. The minimum number of arithmetic operations

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

IE

(a) 1 only (b) 2 only 8X3+ X for a given value of X using only one

(c) 3 only (d) 1,2 and 3 temorary variable is

Sol. (c) (a) 8 (b) 7

Induction type wattmeter can be used (c) 6 (d) 5

only in ac system. Sol. (d)

I n induct ion type wat tm et er, power

consumption is relatively higher than 19. A freewheeling diode in phase-controlled

electro-dynamo type wattmeter. rectifiers

temperature. (b) is responsible for additional reactive power

, 8010009955

(c) improves the line power factor increases n (natural frequency) remains

(d) is responsible for additional harmonics unchanged.

A freewheeling diode does not allow reverse state R-C coupled amplifier:

R

power flow from load to source and all the 1. Parasitic capacitance of transistor

power is consumed in the load and hence it 2. Coupling capacitance

improves the line power factor.

3. Stray capacitance

TE

20. Consider the following statements regarding 4. Wiring capacitance

electrical conductivity :

Which of the above components effectively

1. It increases with temperature in control high freqencies?

semiconductors.

(a) 1,2 and 3 (b) 1, 2 and 4

2. Its increase with temperature is exponential.

AS

(c) 1, 3 and 4 (d) 2, 3 and 4

3. It increases in metals and their alloys,

linearly with temperature.

Sol. (c)

Which of the above statements are correct? In multi-stage R-C coupled amplifier, parasitic

(a) 1 and 2 only (b) 1 and 3 only capacitance of transistor, wiring capacitance

and stray capacitance effectively control the

(c) 2 and 3 only (d) 1,2 and 3

M

high frequencies.

Sol. (a)

23. A Wien Bridge Oscillator is suitable for

As temperature increases in semiconductor,

the conductivity starts to increase and this 1. Audio frequency applications

increase in conductivity is exponential. But 2. Radio frequency applications

S

for metals and its alloys, as temperature 3. Very low frequency applications

increases its resistivity starts to increase

hence we say conductivity decreases. Which of the above frequency applications is/

IE

are correct?

21. What is the effect on the natural frequency (n)

and damping factor () in the control systems (a) 1 only

when derivative compensation is used? (b) 2 only

(c) 3 only

(a) n increases and decreases

(d) 1,2 and 3

(b) n remains unchanged and increases

(c) n remains unchanged and decreases Sol. (a)

(d) n decreases and increases Wien bridge oscillator is suitable for audio

frequency applications.

Sol. (b)

Derivative compensation is phase lead 24. In an R-C phase shift oscillator using FET and

com pensat i on so dam pi ng f act or ( ) 3-section R-C phase shift network, the condition

for sustained oscillation is

, 8010009955

(a) > 6n 106

(b) > 29 =

100 2

29

(c) > 4n + 23 + = 1013.211012 F

n

29

(d) > 23 + 26. The logical expression, ABC ABC ABC

n

R

where, n = d . (a) A(B C) (b) A B C

R

n

Sol. (c)

(c) A BC (d) A C B

The condition for sustained oscillation is

TE

29 Sol. (d)

4n 23

n

y = ABC ABC ABC

BC

25. A tuned-collector oscillator has a f ixed Using k-map, A 00 01 11 10

inductance of 100 H and has to be tunable

AS

y = AB AC 0

over the frequency band of 500 kHz to 1500

kHz. What is the range of variable capacitor to = A(B C) 1 1 1 1

be used?

(a) 115 1021 pF (b) 113 1015 pF 27. What is the analog output for a 4-bit R-2R

(c) 93 1015 F (d) 119 1021 F ladder DAC when input is (1000)2, for Vref =

5V?

M

1 (c) 2.5556 V (d) 2.6667 V

f =

2 LC

Sol. (d)

S

1

or C = For R 2R ladder DAC, analog output

42Lf 2

at 1500 KHz, Vref

V0 = (Decimal equivalent of input

IE

1 2n 1

C1 = degital signal)

4 100 106 15 105 2

2

5 5

106 = 4

8 = 8 = 2.667V

= 2 1 15

9002

= 112.581012 F 28. Which logic inputs should be given to the input

at 500 KHz, lines I0, I1, I2, and I3, if the MUX is to behave

as two input XNOR gate?

1

C2 =

42 100 106 5 105

2

, 8010009955

Condition for Existence of Fourier series

I0 Condition (1). x(t) must be absolutely

4 to 1 integrable over one time period.

I1

I2

MUX f x t dt

T

R

I3 Condition (2). x(t) has finite number of

s1 s0 maxima and minima over one time period.

Condition (3). x(t) has finite number of

discontinuity over one time period.

TE

x y

30. Which one of the following statements is

(a) 0110 (b) 1001

correct?

(c) 1010 (d) 1111

LTI system is causal

Sol. (b) (a) If and only if its impulse response is non-

AS

Output of given MUX zero for negative values of n.

f = 0 S1S0 1S1S0 2S1S0 3 S1S0 (b) If and only if its impulse response is non-

zero for positive values of n.

= 0 x y 1xy 2 xy 3 xy ...(i)

(c) If its impulse response is zero for negative

To behave as XNOR gate f = xy x y ...(ii) values of n.

M

Equating (i) & (ii) I 0 = 1, I 1 = 0, I 2 = 0, (d) If its impulse response is zero for positive

I3 = 1 values of n.

29. Fourier series of any periodic signal x(t) can Sol. (c)

be obtained if

S

T

h(t) = 0 t 0 for continuous time

1. x t dt

IE

2. Finite number of discontinuities within finite 31. Consider the following statements with respect

time interval t to Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT):

3. Infinite number of discontinuities

1. If is obtained by performing a sampling

Select the correct answer using the codes given operation in the time domain.

below:

2. It transforms a finite duration sequence into

(a) 1,2 and 3 (b) 1 and 3 only a discrete frequency spectrum.

(c) 1 and 2 only (d) 2 and 3 only 3. It is obtained by performing a sampling

operration in both time and frequency

Sol. (c)

domains.

, 8010009955

Which of the above statements is/are correct? 1

st st 8 s

L{f(t)} = e f(t)dt e (8)dt s (1 e )

(a) 1 and 2 only (b) 2 and 3 only 0 0

(c) 1 only (d) 3 only 33. The number of complex addit ions and

Sol. (b) multiplications in direct DFT are, respectively

R

by performing sampling operation in both (b) N(N+1) and N2

time and frequency domain and in DTFT,

sampling is performed only in time domain. (c) N(N+1)2 and N

In DFT there is discrete frequency spectrum

TE

(d) N and N2

(discrete function of ) and in DTFT, there

i s a cont i nuous f requency spect rum Sol. (a)

(condition function of )

In DFT N(N1) complex addition and N 2

32. The laplace transform of the below function is complex multiplication.

AS

34. The laplace transform of the below function is

f(t)

x(t)

8

1

M

1 0 +1 t

1 t

2 sin

(a) sin (b)

S

(a) F(s) = 8s (1 es)

cos

8 (c) (d)

IE

sin 2

(b) F(s) = 1 e

s

s

(c) F(s) = 8s (1 + es) Sol. (b)

1, 1 t 1

8 Given function is f(t) =

(d) F(s) = 1 e

s

0, otherwise

s

jt

Sol. (d) F{f(t)} = e f(t)dt

Given function can be written as

1

8, 0 t 1 j t

f(t) =

0, otherwise

= e (1)dt

1

, 8010009955

1

e jt s 2 s 4

= Z4(s) =

j 1 s 1 s 3

= j [e e ]

(a) Z1 (b) Z2

R

2jsin (c) Z3 (d) Z4

= j

Sol. (a, c & d)

TE

2 sin

= To check f(s) is positive Real function (PRF)

F(s) =

multiplications in GFT are, respectively

Q s Denominator Polynomial

(i) P(s) must be Hurnitz

AS

N

(a) log2 N and Nlog2 N (ii) Q(s) must be Hurnitz

2

(iii) Re[F(s)] 0 for Re[s] 0

N

(b) N log2 Nand log2 N

2 P(s) M1(s) N1(s) M1 N1

F(s) = Q(s) M (s) N (s) M N

2 2 2 2

N

M

2 M1 even part of numerator polynomial

M2 even part of denominator polynomial

N

(d) log2 N and log2 N N1 odd part of numerator polynomial

2

N2 odd part of denominator polynomial

S

The number of complex addition is N log 2N

IE

0

log2N. M22 N22

functions:

sa P(s)

Ex. F(s) = 2

s 2 s bs c Q(s)

Z1(s) =

s2 3s 5

P(s) = s+a a 0 for P(s) to be Hurwitz

s 2

Z2(s) = s2 5 Q(s) = s 2 +bs+c b,c 0 for Q(s) to be

Hurwitz

s 2

Z3(s) = M1 M2 N1N2 0 for s = j

s2 2s 1

, 8010009955

M1 = a N1 = s M1 = s2 + 8, N1 = 6s

M 2 = s2 + c N2 = bs M2 = s2 + 3, N2 = 4s

M 1 M 2 N1 N2 0 M 1M 2 N1 N2 0

a(s2 + c) bs2 0 (s2 + 8) (s2 + 3) 6s 4s 0

a j22 c bj22 0

(s4 + 11s2 + 24) 24 s2 0

s4 13s2 + 24 0

R

2

b a ac 0

0 0

4 132 24 0

b a 0 Z 4(s) is P.R.F.

TE

ba 37. The closed-loop transfer function of a system

C s s2

a, b, c 0 is

Condition for F(s) to be P.R.F R s s3 8s2 19s 12

ba

AS

The system is

s2 sa

(i) Z 1(s) =

s2 3s 5 s2 bs c (a) Stable

a = 2, b = 3, c = 5 (b) Unstable

(c) Conditionally stable

a, b, c > 0

Z 1 (s) is P.R.F.. (d) Critically stable

b>a

M

Sol. (a)

s2 sa

(ii) Z 2(s) = The characteristic equation of given system

s2 5 s2 bs c is

a = 2, b = 0, c = 5 s3 + 8s2 + 19s + 12 = 0

S

a, b, c 0 Routh table is

b < a s3 1 19

IE

s2 sa s1 17.5 0

(iii) Z 3(s) = 2

2

s 2s 1 s bs c s0 12

a = 2, b = 2, c = 1 No sign change in the first column. Hence,

system is stable.

a, b, c 0

b = a 38. A system has 14 poles and 2 zeros in its open-

loop transfer function. The slope of its highest

Z 3(s) is P.R.F.

frequency asymptote in its magnitude plot is

s 2 s 4 s2 6s 8 (a) 40 dB/dec (b) 240 dB/dec

(iv) Z 4(s) = (c) +40 dB/dec (d) +240 dB/dec

s 1 s 3 s2 4s 3

, 8010009955

Sol. (b) corresponding terms of the transfer function

The slope of highest frequency asymptote 1 1

is s or 0.02s 1

= (Z P) 20 dB/dec 1

5

= (2 14) 20

Hence, the open-loop transfer function of the

= 240 dB/dec given system is

R

39. The open-loop transfer function for the Bodes Ks2

G(s)H(s) =

magnitude plot is s 1 s 1

5 50

TE

x(t)

K ' s2

=

0dB/dec s 5s 50

20dB/dec

|G(j (j |dB

40. While forming a Routh arrary, the situation of

ce

AS

/d

dB

40

(b) is stable

K

(a) G(s)H(s) = (c) is insensitive to variations in gain

s2 1 0.2s 1 0.02s

(d) has asymmetrically located roots

M

Ks

(b) G(s)H(s) = Sol. (a)

1 0.2s 1 0.02s

All t he el ements of a row in Rout hs

Ks2 tabulation being zero indicate a pair of

(c) G(s)H(s) =

s 5 s 50 conjugate root on imaginary axis. i.e. system

S

K

(d) G(s)H(s) = 2 41. A linear time-invariant control system with

s s 5 s 50

IE

compensated. Which is/are the correct type of

Sol. (c)

cascade compensation to be provided?

The initial slope of the plot is 40 dB/dec.

Hence it has two zeroes at origin 1. Lead

at = 5 rad/sec, slope of the plot changes 2. Lag

by 20 db/dec, hence the corresponding term 3. Lag-lead

of the transfer function is

1 1 Select the correct answer using the codes given

or below:

s (0.2s 1)

1

5 (a) 1 only (b) 2 only

At = 50 rad/sec, slope of the plot again (c) 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3 only

changes b y 20 dB/ dec. , H ence t he

, 8010009955

Sol. (b) Sol. (c)

The steady state error can be reduced by The given characteristic equation is

lag compensator.

s3+3s2+(K+2)s+5K = 0

42. A phase-lead network has its transfer function or s3+3s2+2s+K(s+5) = 0

1 0.04s K s 5

GC(s) =

1 0.01s

. What is the frequency at or 1 = 0

s 3s2 2s

3

R

which the maximum phase-lead occurs?

K s 5

or 1 = 0

(a) 25 rad/sec (b) 50 rad/sec s s 1s 2

(c) 75 rad/sec (d) 100 rad/sec

K s 5

TE

G(s)H(s) =

Sol. (b) s s 1s 2

The two corner frequencies of lead network 44. In a system, the damping coefficient is 2. The

are system response will be

1 1 (a) Undamped

AS

1 = and 2 =

0.04 0.01 (b) Oscillations with decreasing magnitude

(c) Oscillations with increasing magnitude

or, 1 = 25 and 2 = 100

(d) Critically damped

The maximum phase-lead occurs at mid-

frequency Sol. (c)

M

m = 12 = 25 100 = 2500 = 50rad/sec.

is dynamically unstable. So, the system

response will be oscillations with increasing

43. What is the open-loop transfer function for the magnitude.

system, whose characteristic equation is

45. A dynamic system is described by the following

S

F(s) = s3+3s2+(K+2)s+5K = 0?

0 1 0

equations: X = X u and

3 4 1

IE

5K

(a) G(s)H(s) =

s s 1 s 3

Y = [10 0]u

Ks

(b) G(s)H(s) =

s s 1 s 2 Then the transfer function relating Y and u is

given by

K s 5

(c) G(s)H(s) =

s s 1 s 2 Y s 10s Y s 10

(a) 2 (b) 2

u s s 4s 3

u s s 4s 3

5K

(d) G(s)H(s) =

s s 1 s 2

Y s s Y s s

(c) 2 (d) 2

u s s 2s 1

u s s 3s 1

, 8010009955

Sol. (b) Kde t

Output of controller =

Given dt

0 1 0 From statement 4, K is positive.

A , B and C 10 0

3 4 1 de t

1% then

From statement 3, if

dt

s 1

R

sI A =

Change in output of controller is K % .

3 s 4

Hence the mode of controller is derivative

1 s 4 1 controller.

TE

sI A 1 = s s 4 3 3 s

47. A 1000V/400vV power transformer has a

1 s 4 1 nominal short-circuit voltage VSC = 40%. Which

C sI A 1 = 2 10 0

s 4s 3 3 s one of the following statements is correct?

1

= 10 s 4 10 (a) A voltage of 400 V appears across the short-

AS

2

s 4s 3 circuited secondary terminals.

1 0 (b) A voltage of 16 V appears across the short-

CsI A 1 B = s2 4s 3 10 s 4 10 1 circuited secondary terminals.

10 (c) When the secondary terminals are short-

= circuited, the rated current flows at the

s2 4s 3

primary side at a primary voltage of 400 V.

M

46. The characteristics of a mode of controller are (d) The primary voltage drops to 400 V, when

summarized: the secondary terminals are short-circuited.

1. If error is zero, the output from the controller

is zero. Sol. (c)

S

2. If error is constant in time, the output from Given transformer voltage ratio = 1000/400

the controller is zero. and short circuit voltage (Nominal) = 40%

3. For changing error in time, the output from i.e., the primary terminal voltage

IE

rate of change of error. the secondary terminal voltage

4. For positive rate of change of error, the = 0.4 400 = 160 V.

output is also positive.

Short circuit voltage is the amount of voltage

The mode of controller is

required to be applied to the transformer in

(a) Integral controller order to allow the rated transformer current to

(b) Derivative controller flow through the transformer hence answer is

(c) Proportional derivative option (c).

(d) Proportional integral

48. Consider the following statements regarding

three-phase transformers in Open-Delta (V-V)

Sol. (b)

connections:

From statement 2.

, 8010009955

1. Being a temporary remedy when one VA supplied by each transf ormer is

transformer forms of Delta-Delta system is

3 VphIph

damaged, and removed from service. 86.6% i . e. hal f of 1. 73

2. The Volt Ampere (VA) suplied by each 2

transformer is half of the total VA, and the Power of - hence statement 2

system is not overloaded.

3. An important precaution is that load shall 49. On the Torque/Speed curve of an induction

motor shown in the figure, four points of

R

be reduced by 3 times in this case. operation are marked as A, B, C and D.

Which of the above statements are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only (b) 1 and 3 only

TE

A

(c) 2 and 3 only (d) 1,2 and 3 B

Torque C

Sol. (d)

In open delta connection of transformer

Speed

IC = Iph

AS

D

a slip greater thatn 1?

VL (a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 1 and 3 only

M

(d) 1,2 and 3

3 V Iph = 3 Vph Iph Torque

S

C

IE

3 VLIL 3 VphIph

Power V V 3 VphIph 1

N

power = 3 VphIph 3 (Nr > Ns)

Nr < 0 Nr = 0 Nr = Ns

(s >1) s =1 s=0 D (s = ve)

Power (V V) = 57.7% (Power - )

Hence statement 3 is true 50. A 3-phase, 460 V, 6-pole, 60 Hz cylindrical rotor

I t i s t e m porary rem edy when one synchronous m otor has a synchronous

transformer forms of Delta-Delta system is reactance of 2.5 and negligible armature

damaged, removed f rom serv ice hence resistance. The load torque, proportional to the

statement -I is true. square of the speed, is 398 N.m at 1200 rpm.

, 8010009955

Unity power factor is maintained by excitation sin1 = 0.590

control. Keeping the V/f constant, the frequency

is reduced to 36 Hz. The torque angle is T1 sin 1

= sin

T2 2

(a) 9.5 (b) 12.5

(c) 25.5 (d) 30 398 0.590

= sin

R

143.28 2

Sol. (b)

143.28

Given that sin 2 = 0.590

398

TE

N1 = 1200 Rpm, f 1 = 60 Hz, T 1 = 398N-m

N2 = ?, f 2 = 36 Hz sin 2 = 0.2127

120 36 2 = sin1(0.2127)

N2 = = 720 rpm

6

= 12.28

2

AS

TN , T sin 12.5

T1 N12 51. Consider the following statements regarding

=

T2 N22 capability curves of a synchronous generator:

2

T1 1200 1. The MVA loading should not exceed the

T2

= generator rating.

720

M

720 exceed a specified value determined by field

T2 = 398

1200 heating.

T 2 = 143.28 N-m 3. The MW loading should not exceed the

rating of the prime mover.

S

P1 60

We know, T 1 = 2 N1 4. The load angle must be more than 90.

Which of the above statements are correct?

IE

2 N1

P1 = T1 = 50.014 kW (a) 1, 2, 3 and 4 (b) 1 and 4 only

60

(c) 1, 2 and 3 only (d) 2, 3 and 4 only

Vs VR

We know, P1 = sin 1 ( Vs VR ) Sol. (c)

x

Capability curve: of a synchronous generator

V2 defines a boundary with in which the machine

= sin 1

X can operate safely. It is also known as

operating charts (or) capability charts.

4602

50.014103 = sin 1

2.5 1. The MVA loading should not exceed the

generator rating hence statement-1 is

2.5 50.014 103

sin1 = true

(460)2

, 8010009955

2. The field current should not be allowed = 500 rpm

to exceed a specified value determined

by the heat i ng of t he f i el d hence P 60

statement-2 is true T=

2N

rat i ng o f t he pri m e m ov er hence =

2 500

statement-3 is true

R

= 1164.40 Nm

4. For steady state (or) stable operation the 1165 Nm (rounding off to nearest decimal)

load angle 90 hence statement-4 is

TE

53. Consider the following statements:

false

1. Salient pole alternators have small diameters

52. A 12-pole, 440 V, 50 Hz, 3-phase synchronous

and large axial lengths.

motor takes a line current of 100 A at 0.8 pf

leading. Neglecti ng l osses, the torque 2. Cylindrical rotor alternators hav e a

developed will be distributed winding.

AS

3. Cylindrical rotor alternators are wound for

(a) 705 Nm (b) 1165 Nm

large number of poles.

(c) 1058 Nm (d) 525 Nm

4. Salinet pole alternators run at speeds slower

than cylindrical rotor machines.

Sol. (b)

Which of the above statements rotor machines.

Given data of synchronous motor

(a) 1 and 3 only (b) 2 and 4 only

M

P = 12 Pole

(c) 1 and 4 only (d) 2 and 3 only

VL = 440 V

Sol. (b)

f = 50 Hz

1. Salient pole alternators have large diameter

S

is false.

Cos = 0.8 p.f. leading

2. Cylindrical rotor alternators have distributed

IE

P= 3 VLIL cos (3- power)

3. Cylindrical rotor alternators are wound for

less no of poloes as they run at higher

= 3 440 100 0.8 speeds.

= 60.968 kW 1

N . Hence Statement 3 is false.

P

2NT

As P= (neglecting losses) 4. Salient pole alternators runs at speed lower

60

than cylindrical rotor machines because of

large diameter and large no of poles

120f

N=

1

P

N hence statement 4 is true.

P

, 8010009955

54. A permanent magnet stepper motor with 8 poles Sol. (b)

in stator and 6 poles in rotor will have a step

angle of Transmission line is represented as a two-

(a) 7.5 (b) 15 port netwrok, is shown below:

R

(c) 30 (d) 60 is iR

+ +

Sol. (b) Vs A, B, C, D VR

TE

Given

Ns = 8, Nr = 6

Symmetry condition for a two-port network

Ns Nr 360 in terms of transmission parameters is

Then step angle () = given as

Ns Nr

AS

8 6 A =D

= 360

86 56. A power syst em has two synchronous

generators hav ing gov ernor turbine

2 1 characteristics as

= 360 360

48 24

M

P1 = 50 (50 f)

= 15

P2 = 100 (51 f)

55. The transmission line is represented as a two-

port network as shown in the figure. The where f represents the system frequency.

Assuming a lossless operation of the complete

S

in terms of receiving end voltage and current power system, what is the system frequency

for the network as for a total load of 800 MW?

IE

VS = AVR + B IR

(c) 45.33 Hz (d) 40 Hz

IS = CVR + D IR

Sol. (c)

where A, B, C and D are generalized circuit A power system has two generators having

constants. powers P1 and P2

A, B, C, D Given P1 = 50 (50-f)

VS IS IR VR P2 = 100 (51-f)

Total power P = 800 MW

The condition for symmetry for the network is i.e., P1 + P2 = P

(a) A = C (b) A = D 50 (50 f) + 100 (51 f) = 800

(c) B = C (d) B = D 2500 50f + 5100 100f = 800

, 8010009955

7600 800 = 150f V1a = AaV2a BaI 2a

6800 = 150f I 1a = CaV2a DaI 2a

f = = 45.33 Hz Aa = , Ba

150 V2a I2a

I2a 0 V2a 0

57. Two networks are connected in cascade in the

figure. The equivalent ABCD constants are I1a

R

obtained for the combiend network having Ca = V ,

2a I2a 0

C 0.1 90.

TE

I1a

1 1 D a = I

2a V2a 0

Z1 50 30

From network k Na.

Z2 V2a V1a = I 2a Z 1

AS

V1a = V2a Z1I2a ...(i)

I 1a = I 2a ...(ii)

Aa = 1, Ba = Z 1

2 2 C a = 0, Da = 1

What is the value of Z2?

Aa Ba 1 Z1

M

C

Da = 0 1

(a) 500 60 (b) 0.10 j a

(c) 10 j (d) 50 60 Nb

Sol. (c) I1b I2b

S

+ +

z1

V1b z2 V2b

I 2

IE

z2

V1b = V2b ...(i)

1

I 2!

V2b

I 1b + I 2b = Z

2

Na

I1a z1 I2a V2b

I 1b = I2b ...(ii)

+ +

Z2

V1a V2a 1

Ab = 1, Bb = 0, Cb = , Db = 1

Z2

, 8010009955

(c) Line voltage

1 0

Ab Bb 1 (d) Length of conductor

C

b Db = Z 1

2 Sol. (d)

When Network Na & Nb are cascaded We know corona loss

R

z1 (f 25) r

1 1

1

P = 241105 VP Vd 2 kw/km/phase.

d

z2

TE

It depends on

(a) radius of conductor (r)

2 2

1 (b) line voltage (v)

ABCD parameters of the equivalent network (c) spacing between the conductors (d)

59. Consider the following statements regarding

AS

Aa Ba A b Bb A B

corona:

C

a Da Cb Db = C D

1. It causes radio interference

1 0 2. It attenuatres lightning surges.

1 Z1 1 A B

0 1 1 = C D 3. It causes power loss.

Z2

4. It is more prevalent in the middle conductor

M

1 Z Z1

conductor configuration.

2 A B

1 1

= C

D

Z2 Which of the above statements are correct

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only

S

C = Z

2 (c) 1, 2, 3 and 4

(d) 3 and 4 only

IE

1

0.1 90 = Z

2 Sol. (c)

Corona causes :

1

Z2 = 0.1 90 (i) radio interference

(ii) power loss

Z 2 = 10 90 10 cos 90 jsin( 50 ) (iii) It reduces the magnitude of lightning (&)

switching

Z 2 = 10 j

(iv) It is also more prevalent in the middle

58. Which one of the following does not have an conductor in a flat conductor configuration.

effect on corona?

60. The loss formula coefficient matrix for a two-

(a) Spacing between conductors plant system is given by

(b) Conductor size

, 8010009955

61. If a square matrix of order 100 has exactly 15

0.001 0.0001

B MW 1 distinct eigenvalues, then the degree of the

0.0001 0.0013

minimum polynomial is

The economic schedule for a certain load is

(a) At least 15 (b) At most 15

given as

(c) Always 15 (d) Exactly 100

P1 = 150 MW and P2 = 275 MW

What is the penalty factor for plant 1 for this

Sol. (a)

R

condition?

By property of minimal property. If matrix

(a) 1.324 (b) 1.515 has 15 distinct Eigen values, then its minimal

(c) 1.575 (d) 1.721

TE

polynomial must be of at least 15 degree.

y 1 x dy x 1 y dx 0 is

equation)

AS

(a) 1 x2 = c

Given B12 = B21 = 0.0001 MW 1

2

B11 = 0.0010 MW 1 (b) 1 y = c

1 x 1 y c

2

M

P1 = 150MW P2 = 275 MW 2 2

(d) 1 x 1 y c

Ans. (c)

S

PL

= 2 (0.001)P1 + 2 ( 0.0001) P2

P1 Sol. y 1 x 2 dy x 1 y 2 dx 0

= 2 (0.001) (150) + 2 ( 0.0001) (275)

IE

= 0.245

y.dy xdx

1

2

Penality factor = 1 y 1 x2

PL

1 P

1 ydy xdx

On integrating, 2

1 1 y 1 x2

=

1 0.245

Put 1 y2 = u2 and 1 x 2 = v 2

1 i.e., ydy = udy and xdx = vdv

=

0.755 udu vdv

= 1.3245 = 1.324

so, u

v

, 8010009955

u = v + c f(x) = xcosx in ,

1 y2 1 x 2 c f(x) = (x)cos(x) = xcosx = f(x)

so f(x) is an odd function

or 1 x2 1 y 2 c Now using Fourier series.

R

63. The general solution of the differential equation 1

a0 = f(x)dx 0 ( f(x) is an odd)

d4 y d3 y d2 y dy

TE

4

2 3 2 2 2 y0 65. The Fourier series expansion of the saw-

dx dx dx dx toothed waveform

f x x in , of period 2 gives the series,

(b) y = (c1 + c2 x) ex c3 cos x + c4 sin x

1 1 1

1

AS

(c) y = (c1 + c2 x) ex + c3 cos x + c4 sin x 3 5 4

2

(a) (b)

2 4

Sol. (c)

2

M

(c) (d)

+ y = 0 16 4

or [D4 2D3 + 2D2 2D + 1]y = 0 (i)

A.E. is m 4 2m 3 + 2m 2 2m + 1 = 0 Sol. (d)

(m 1)2 (m 2 + 1) = 0 f(x) = x, (, ) it is again an odd function.

S

m = 1,1, i

so, CF = (C1 + C2x)ex + C3cosx + C4sinx 1 1

a0 = f(x)dx 0 , an = f(x)cosnxdx 0

IE

PI = 0

+ C3cosx + C4sinx 1 1 2( 1)n1

bn = f(x)sinnxdx x sinnxdx

n

64. Given the Fourier series in ( , ) for f(x) =

x cos x, the value of a0 will be Hence F o uri er seri es i s, f (x ) =

a0

2 2 an cosnx bn sinnx

(a) (b) 0 2

3

2

2( 1)n 1

(c) 2 (d)

1 2n f(x) = n

sinnx

n1

n2 1

Sol. (b)

, 8010009955

z = 0 and sinz = 0

1 1 1

x = 2 1.sin x sin2x sin3x sin4x ..... z = 0 and z = n , n I

2 3 4

z = 0 and z = ..... 2, , 0, , 2,.....

1 1 1

Put x = , 2 1 ..... so z = 0 (double pole) lies inside c.

2 2 3 5 7

1 d

1 1 1 R Re sf(z) (z 0)2 f(z)

So, 1 ..... (z 0) 2 1! dz z 0

3 5 7 4

R

d z

66. What is the value of the m for which 2x x 2 + = dz sin z

z 0

my2 is harmonic?

= 0

TE

(a) 1 (b) 1 so by Cauchy residue theorem,

(c) 2 (d) 2

f(z)dz

c

Sol. (a) = 2 i [sum of residue inside c]

AS

Let = 2x x2 + my2 = 2i[0]

Any function is HARMONIC if it satisfies = 0

Laplace equation.

i.e., xx yy 0 2z

68. The sum of residues of f(z) = z 1 2 z 2 at

2 2

M

x 2 y2

(a) 8 (b) 4

(2 2x) (2my) 0 (c) 0 (d) 4

x y

S

2 + 2m = 0 m =1 Sol. (c)

67. Evlauate 2z

f(z) = ,

IE

(z 1)2 (z 2)

dz poles are z = 2 (simple pole)

z sin z, where c is x2 + y2 = 1

and z = 1 (double pole)

(a) 1 (b) 2 2z

R1 = Re sf(z) zlim(z 2)f(z) lim 24

(c) 0 (d) 1

2

(z 2) z 2

(z 1)

Sol. (c) 1 d

R2 = Re sf(z) (z 1)2 f(z)

(z 1) 2 1! dz z 1

1

f(z) = , c : |z| = 1 d 2z

z sin z 4

dz z 2 z 1

Poles of f(z) are zsinz = 0

, 8010009955

Hence required sum = R1 + R2 = 0 71. A random variable X has a probability density

function

69. A bag contains 7 red and 4 white balls. Two

balls are drawn at random. What is the n x

kx e ; x 0

probability that both the balls are red? f x (n is an interger)

0; otherwise

R

28 21

(a) (b) with mean 3. The values of {k, n} are

55 55

7 4 1 1

(a) ,1 (b) ,2

TE

(c) (d) 2 4

55 55

1

Sol. (b) (c) ,2 (d) {1, 2}

2

7

C2 76 21

P(both red balls) = Sol. (c) We know that

AS

11 11 10 55

C2

1 Let n is 2 then

f(x) = K 2

, where x . Then the

1 x

2 x

value of K is kx e dx = 1

M

1

(a) (b) x 1

2

or x ( e x

)]0 2x ( e )dx

k

0

1

(c) 2 (d)

2

S

x 1

or 0 + 2 xe dx =

Sol. (b) 0 k

IE

K x 1

f(x) = is p.d.f. or e =

1 x 2 0 2k

x 1

so we have, f(x)dx 1 or 0 + e dx

0

2k

K x 1

1 x 2 dx 1 or e =

0 2k

1

2K tan1 x 0 1 or [0 1]

2k

1

2K 0 1

2 or k =

2

1 Hence, option (c) is correct

K

, 8010009955

72. What is the probability that at most 5 defective 74. For high speed reading and storing of

fuses will be found in a box of 200 fuses, if 2% information in a computer, the core shall be of

of such fuses are defective?

(a) Ferrite

(a) 082 (b) 079

(b) Piezoelectric

(c) 059 (d) 082

(c) Pyroelectric

Sol. (b)

(d) Ferromagnetic above 768C

R

The probability of finding defective fuses, p

= 2 100 . Theref ore average number of Sol. (a)

defective fusel in a box of 200 fuses = np =

Ferrites are employed for the construction

TE

2 of core for high speed reading and storing

200 4.

100 of data (or) information in a computer.

T heref ore t he m ean of t he Poi sson 75. Soft magnetic materials should have

distribution is given by m = n = 4

(a) Large saturation magnetization and large

AS

5

4 r e 4 permeability

Required probability, P r 5 =

r 0 r!

(b) Low saturation magnetization and large

permeability

4 4 2 43 4 4 45

= e 1 4 (c) Large saturation magnetization and low

2! 3! 4! 5!

permeability

= 0.7845

M

73. If X is a normal variate with mean 30 and permeability

standard deviatio 4, what is Probability

Sol. (a)

26 X 34 , given A (z = 08) = 02881?

A soft magnetic materials should

S

(i) Easily magnetized and demagnetized

(c) 0.8181 (d) 0.1616

(ii) have high saturation magnetization

IE

X (iv) have high permeability

We know that, Z

76. Gausss theorem states that total electric flux

26 30

Z1 = 0.8 emanating from a closed surface is equal

5

to

34 30

and Z2 = 0.8

5 (a) Total current density on the surface

P 26 X 34 P 0.8 Z 0.8

(b) Total charge enclosed by that surface

= 2P 0 Z 0.8

(c) Total current on the surface

= 2 0.2881

(d) Total charge density within the surface

= 0.5762

, 8010009955

Sol. (b) (c) Establishes a potential difference creating a

Gauss theorem states that the total electric source of EMF

flux through any closed surface is equal to the

(d) Produces heat raising the temperature

net charge within that closed surface.

D.ds = Qenclosed Sol. (a)

R

s

The photoconductivity device is based on the

77. Orbital magnetic moment of an electron, in an decrease i n t he resi stance of certai n

atom, is of the order of semiconductor materials when they are

TE

exposed to both infrared and visible radiation.

(a) 0.1 Bohr magneton The photo conductivity is the result of carrier

(b) 1.0 Bohr magneton excitation due to light absorption and the

f i gure of m eri t depends on t he l i ght

(c) 10 Bohr magneton absorpti on eff iciency. T he i ncrease in

conductivity is due to an increase in the

AS

(d) 100 Bohr magneton

number of mobile charge carriers in the

Sol. (b) material.

T he orbi tal and spi n m agnet i c di pol e 80. The resistivity of intrinsic germanium at 30C

moments of electrons are of the order of 1B . is 0.46 -m . What is the intrinsic carrier density

ni at 30C, taking the electron mobility n as

M

78. When the temperature of a ferromagnetic 0.38 m2/V-s and hole mobility p as 0.18 m2/V-

material exceeds the Curie temperature, it s?

behaves similar to a

(a) 2.4 1019/m3 (b) 4.2 1019/m3

(a) Diamagnetic material

(c) 2.41010/m3 (d) 4.2 1010/m3

S

(c) Paramagnetic material Sol. (a)

As we know that

IE

= i q n p

Sol. (c)

Above curie temperature, ferromagnetic 1

= i q n p

material behaves as paramagnetic material.

79. Photoconductiv ity is a characteristic of 1

semiconductors. When light falls on certain i = q

semiconductors, it n p

increasing the conductivity i = 19

1.6 10 0.46(0.38 0.18)

(b) Ejects electrons into space

, 8010009955

RT = R0 [1 + T ]

1019

i = = 2.42 1019 /m 3

0.412 1 1

= [1 + T ]

T 0

81. For intrinsic gallium arsenide, conductivity at

1

room temperature is 106 -m , the electron 1

T = 0

and hold mobilities are, respectively 0.85 and 1 T

R

0.04m2/V-s. The intrinsic carrier concentration

1

at room temperature is = 0

1 0.00428 16

TE

(a) 7.0 1012m3 (b) 0.7 1012m3

= 0.9359 0

(c) 7.0 1012m3 (d) 0.7 1012m3

i.e. 93.59% of 0

Sol. (a)

So, T (to nearest unit value) is 94% of 0 .

The intrinsic carrier concentration at room

AS

temperature is given by 83. At temperature above a limiting value, the

energy of lattice vibrations, in a conductor,

increases linearly with temperature so that

i = q

n p resistivity increases linearly with temperature.

In this region, this limiting value of temperature

is called

106

M

i =

1.6 0.89 0.04 1019 (a) Bernoulli Temperature

(b) Curie Temperature

1013

= (c) DebyeTemperature

1.488

S

= 6.72 1012 /m 3

IE

16C (to nearest unit value) assuming the linearly

temperature coefficient of copper as 0.00428

per C at 0C?

(c) 94% (d) 98% T

D

Debye temperature

Sol. (c)

As we know, Above debye temperature, the resistivity

increases linearly as shown in the figure.

, 8010009955

84. Consider the following statements: 1. Iron

superconductor is maximum at absolute 3. Constantan

zero.

4. Mica

2. Transition temperature of a superconductor

R

is sensitive to its structure. 5. Aluminium

3. The critical magnetic f ield of a

Select the correct answer using the codes given

superconductor is zero at its critical

below:

TE

temperature.

4. Superconductors show v ery high (a) 2, 5, 1, 3 and 4

conductivity below the critical temperature.

(b) 4, 5, 3, 1 and 2

Which of the above statements are correct ?

(c) 2, 3, 1, 5 and 4

AS

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only (b) 1, 2 and 4 only (d) 4, 5, 1, 3 and 2

(c) 2, 3 and 4 only (d) 1, 3 and 4 only

Sol. (a)

Sol. (d) Resistivity Table: [Increasing order]

The critical magnetic f ield of a super

conductor is given by

M

(1) Silver

T 2 (2) Copper

Hc = Hc 1

o

Tc (3) Aluminium

(4) Tungsten

Graphically, (5) Iron

S

(6) Platinum

Hc (7) Manganin

Hco (8) Lead

IE

conductor conductor (10) Nichrome

T.(R) (11) Constantan

o Tc

(12) Graphite Resistivity increases

From the graph, we may conclude that (13) Mica = conductivity decreases

Hence, from the table:

(ii) at T = T c , Hc = 0

Silver < Aluminium < Iron < Constantan < Mica

(iii) at T < T c , superconductivity is exhibited.

(2) (5) (1) (3) (4)

Hence, statements 1, 3, 4 are correct

86. In the first Cauer network, with a pole at infinity,

85. What is the correct sequence of the following

the first element must be

mateials in ascending order of their resistivity?

, 8010009955

(a) Series capacitor (b) Series inductor

than .

(c) Shunt capacitor (d) Shunt inductor 2

4. Dot product is equal to the product of one

Sol. (b) vector and the projection of the vector on

the first one.

ansn an 2sn 2 ...

Z(s) =

bmsm bm2 sm2 ... Select the correct answer using the codes given

below:

R

n > m, a pole is at and it is possible

to represent Z(s) in the continued function (a) 1, 2 and 3 only (b) 1, 3 and 4 only

f orm by d i v i di ng t he num e rat or by (c) 1, 2 and 4 only (d) 2, 3 and 4 only

TE

denominator, inventing and dividing until the

expansion terminates. In this case C.F.E will

Sol. (b)

give a series inductor as first element.

Dot product is given by

87. The total magnetic moment

A B A B cos

AS

1. is called saturation magnetization.

2. depends on the number of magnetic dipoles where is angle between the vector A & B.

per unit volume, the instant electric current

Also

and the area of the current loop.

Which of the above statements is/are correct ? B

M

(c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Sol. (b)

A

S

number of magnetic dipoles per unit volume,

the instant electric current and the area of So dot product is product of one vector and

the projection of the other vector on the first

IE

vector.

88. Which of the following statements are correct

regarding dot product of vectors? 89. Susceptibility of a diamagnetic material is

product of magnitudes of two vectors. 2. Positive

2. When two vectors are perpendicular to each 3. Dependent on the temperature

other, then their dot product is non-zero. 4. Independent of the temperature

3. Dot product of two vectors is positive or Select the correct answer using the codes given

negative depending whether the angle below:

between the vectors is less than or greater

, 8010009955

(a) 1 and 3 only (b) 2 and 3 only MW. The respective cost curves C1 and C2 are

defined as

(c) 1 and 4 only (d) 2 and 4 only

2

C1 = PG1 0.01PG1

Sol. (c)

Susceptibility of a diamagnetic material is: 2

C2 = 5PG2 0.02 PG2

R

(i) Negative

(ii) Independent of temperature Assume the minimum loading on any generator

ot be 30 MW, the most economical loads PG1

TE

For other magnetic material susceptibility is

a function of temperature. and PG2 for the two generators are respectively

90. Consider the following statements: (a) 170 MW and 100 MW

1. The susceptibility of diamagnetic materials (b) 200 MW and 100 MW

is small and negative.

AS

(c) 170 MW and 30 MW

2. The susceptibility of para and anti-

ferromagnetic materials is small but positive (d) 200 MW and 30 MW

3. The susceptibility has a finite value for free

space or air. Sol. (d)

M

P1 + P2 = 200MW ...(i)

(a) 1 and 2 only (b) 1 and 3 only Pmin = 30 MW

(c) 2 and 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3 C1 = P1 + 0.01P12

Sol. (a) C2 = 5P2 + 0.02P22

S

= 1 + 2 (0.01) P1 = 1

di am agnet i c m at eri al s are sm al l and P1

negative.

IE

C2

(2) The magnetic susceptibility of para and = 5 + 2 (0.02) P2 = 2

anti ferro-magnetic materials is small but P2

positive.

incremental fuel cost 1 2

(3) The magnetic susceptibility of free space

or air is zero. 1 + 2 (0.01) P1 = 5 + 2 (0.02) P2

0.02 P1 0.04 P2 = 4

m = r 1

m = 1 1 [ for air r = 1] 4

P1 2P2 =

0.02

m = 0

Hence (a) is correct. 400

P1 2P2 =

2

91. A lossless power system has two generators

P1 2P2 = 200 ...(ii)

G1 and G2; and total load to be served is 200

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Solving equations (i) and (ii) Salient Pole machine

P1 = 200 and P2 = 0 P

But given minimum loading should be 30 MW

92. In a 3-phase ac power transmission system

= 90

using synchronous generation Pmax

(a) The steady state power limits of both round

rotor and salient pole machines are reached

R

of their respective power angle 90

2

TE

characteristics.

From the characteristics the steady state

(b) the steady state power limit of round rotor power limit for salient pole machine occurs

motor machiens occurs at a much smaller at smaller load angle hence. Option (c)

angle as compared to that of salient

93. Bulk power transmission over long HVDC lines

pole machine power angle characteristics.

is preferred because of

AS

(c) The steady state power limit of salient pole

(a) Low cost of HVDC terminal

machines occurs at smaller angle as

compared to that of round rotor machine (b) No harmonic losses

power angle characteristics. (c) Minimum line power losses

(d) The transient state power limits of (d) Simple protection

M

on initial load just before the large change Sol. (c)

in load or on 3-phase fault. We can observe from the graph when

Sol. (c) the length of the line is less than 500

kms HVDC is costlier because of high

Round rotor machine

S

P (Power)

Cost

AC

Pmax (steady state

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dc transmission transmission

power limit)

= 90 (load angle)

(km)

, 8010009955

Beyond 500km range HVDC becomes (c) 1.98 W and 0.792 W

cheaper because of less transmission

(d) 2.2 W and 0.792 W

losses and No stability problems where

as AC transmission liner are having

Sol. (c)

higher cost because of 3 lines, it also

losses and stability problem. From the given circuit

R

94. The turn-off time of a thyristor is 30 s at 50C. VCE VCE sat 200 2

What is its turn-off time at 100C? ICmax

RL 10

TE

(a) 15 s (b) 30 s = 19.8A

(c) 60 s (d) 120 s Therefore, switching power loss during turn

on

Sol. (c)

VCEmax .IC max . t on

The turn-off time is temperature dependent = Won fs fs

AS

6

and doubles between 25C to 125C hence

turn off time = 2 30s 200 19.8 3 10 6

= 1 103

6

= 60 s

= 1.98 W

95. The IGBT (Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor)

and during turnoff, the switching power loss

M

3 s, tOFF = 1.2 s, Duty cycle (D) = 0.7, VCE(sat) VCEmax ICEmax .t off

= 2 V and f s = 1 kHz. = Woff .fs fs

6

What are the switching power losses during

200 19.8 1.2 10 6

S

6

= 0.792 W

IE

RL

to a GTO :

IC

+ 1. The turn-off gain of the GTO is large.

VCE = 200 V

+ 2. Large negative gate current pulses are

G

required to turn off the GTO.

E 3. GTO has large reverse blocking capability

VGE

(a) 1 only (b) 2 only

Sol. (b)

, 8010009955

1. The turn-off gain of the GTO is small resistance of 0.3 and inductance of 1.2 mH

hence statement 1 is false per phase. The converter is woking in the

2. A large negative gate current with short inversion mode at a firing advance angle of

duration is required to turn off the GTO 30. What is the average generator voltage for

hence statement 2 is true the condition: dc current Id = 60A, thyristor drop

3. GTO has less reverse blocking hence = 1.5 V and f = 50 Hz?

statement 3 is false

(a) 180 V (b) 210 V

R

97. Consider the following statements with regard

(c) 230 V (d) 240 V

to power diodes:

TE

proportional to the doping density of the drift

99. A large dc motor is required to control the speed

region.

of the blower from a 3-phase ac source. The

2. Losses in the diode are less due to suitable ac to dc converter is, 3-phase

conductivity modulation of the drift region in

the on-state. (a) Fully controlled bridge converter

AS

3. The vertically oriented structure supports (b) Fully controlled bridge converter with free

large blocking voltages. wheeling diode

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

(c) Half controlled bridge converter

(a) 1 only (b) 2 only

(d) Converter pair in sequence control

(c) 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3

M

Sol. (c)

Sol. (c)

The power rating of the blower is high as

1. The break down voltage is inversely the dc motor rating is large and hence inertia

proportinal to the doping denstiy of the is more. Therefore speed can be controlled

drift region hence statement 1 is false.

S

converter.

2. Losses in the diode are more due to

addition of significant ohmic resistance 100. Consider the following statements:

IE

1. The voltage developed across the OFF

forward current. This leads to large power

switches of the half bridge converter is the

dissipation of diode. Hence statement 2

maximum dc link voltage.

is false

2. In the full bridge converter, the voltage

3. Power diodes are constructed with a across the primary of the transformer is the

vertically oriented structure that includes dc link voltage.

a drift region to support large blocking 3. The voltage developed across the OFF

voltages. Hence statement 3 is true. switches of the full bridge converter in half

the maximum dc link votage.

98. A three-phase fully-controlled bridge converter

Which of the above statements are correct?

is connected to a 415 V supply, having a source

, 8010009955

(a) 1, 2 and 3 (b) 1 and 3 only or may not exhibit diamagnetism.

(c) 1 and 2 only (d) 2 and 3 only So statement (II) is wrong.

Sol. (c) transmission is the high cost of conversion

equipment.

R

Directions: Each of the next twenty (20) items

consists of two statements, one labelled as Statement (II) : Generation of harmonics is used

Statement (I) and the other as Statement (II). for reactive power transfer only which has the

TE

Examine these two statements carefully and select ability to alter voltage levels.

the answers to these items using the codes given

below: Sol. (b)

Codes : Statement 1: HVDC terminals are of high

cost hence statement 1 is true.

(a) Both Statement (I) and Statements (II) are

AS

individually true and Statements (II) is the Statement 2: Generation of harmonic is used

correct explanation of Statement (I) f or reactiv e power transf er only hence

(b) Both Statment (I) and Statement (II) are statement 2 is also true.

individually true but Statement (II) is not

the correct explanation of Statement (I) Statement 1 and 2 are individually true

but statement 2 is not correct explanation of

(c) Statement (I) is true but Statement (II) is

M

1.

false

(d) Statement (I) is false but Statement (II) is 103. Statement (I) : A lattice defect gets created

true whenever the periodicity or order of the crystal

lattice gets disturbed.

101. Statement (I) : A superconductor is a perfect

S

defect and volume defect create defect in

Statement (II) : A superconductor is a perfect lattice.

IE

conductor.

Sol. (b)

Sol. (c) Statement I: whenever there is irregularity

Statement I: A superconductor satisf ies in the periodicity of atoms in a crystal lattice

following criteria voids or sites may get created which is called

(i) Perfect diamagnnetism as lattice defects. so, statement I is true.

(ii) H < Hc Statement II: Point, line, surface and volume

def ects a re basi cal l y 0-di m ensi onal ,

(iii) T < T c

1-di m ensi onal , 2-di m ensi onal and

So statement (I) is correct 3-dimensional defects respectively which

Statement II: A superconductor is not perfect occurs in a lattice at different condition. so

conductor because a perfect conductor may statement II is true.

, 8010009955

But statement II does not follow statement I 106. Statement (I) : Moving iron instruments are used

because statement II depends on various in ac circuits only.

other factors other than periodic arrangement

of atoms. Statement (II) : The deflecting torque in moving

iron instruments depends on the square of the

104. Statement (I) : To measure power consumed current.

by the load, it is necessary to interchange the

pressure coil terminals when the pointer of a

Sol. (d)

R

wattmeter kicks back.

Moving iron insturments are used in both

Statement (II) : The pressure coil terminals are ac and dc circuits.

interchanged to get upscale reading in a

TE

The deflecting torque in MI instruements

wattmeter without affecting the continuity of

depends on the square of the current.

power to the load.

1 2 dL

Td I

Sol. (a) 2 d

When pointer of a wattmeter kicks back, it

AS

means power is negative. So, we must either 107. Statement (I) : PMMC insturments are suitable

reverse the current coil or the pressure coil in aircraft and air space applications.

connections. Hence statement I is correct.

Statement (II) : PMMC instruments use a core

The statement II is the correct explanation

magnet which possesses self -sheielding

of statement I.

property.

M

an ammeter should not be used as a voltmeter. Sol. (a)

Statement (II) : The high resistance winding of PMMC instruments use a core magent which

an ammeter will suffer serious damage if posses self-shielding property because of

S

connected across a high voltage source. high magnetic field produced by permanent

magnet. Hence, this type of instruments find

Sol. (c) appl i cat i o n i n ai rcraf t and ai r space

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application.

An instrument manufactured as an ammeter

should not be used as a voltmeter, as the 108. Statement (I) : A ballistic galvanometer is

low resistance winding of an ammeter will preferred as a detector in an AC bridge to

suffer serious damage if connected across a measure inductance supplied by a source at

high voltage source statement (II) is false. power frequency.

But a voltmeter can be used as an ammeter

as no damage will be done by connecting a Statement (II) : An AC bridge to measure

voltmeter as an ammeter as long as the inductance is balanced at the fundamental

voltage of the system is not above the range component.

of voltmeter.

, 8010009955

Sol. (d) 111. Statement (I) : Roots of closed-loop control

systems can be obtained from the Bode plot.

For AC bridge, used for measurement of

inductance, the circuit balance equations are Statement (II) : Nyquist criterion does not give

independent of frequency. An AC bridge to direct value of corner frequencies.

measure inductance is balanced at the

R

fundamental component.

Sol. (d)

109. Statement (I) : Phase lag network is used to

From bode plot we can determine the open

increase stability as well as bandwidth of the

loop transfer function but to determine the

TE

system.

roots of closed-loop control system we have

Statement (II) : Phase lead network increases t o know G (s) or H(s) seperat ely. So,

bandwidth of the system. statement-I is wrong.

112. Statement (I) : The IGBT makes use of the

Sol. (d) advantages of both powers MOSFET and BJT.

AS

T he phase l ag net work red uces t he Statement (II) : The IGBT has MOS input

bandwidth. Hence statement I is wrong. characteristic and bipolar output characteristic.

110. Statement (I) : The inductor is not used to

fabricate a lag network as it produces time Sol. (a)

delay and hysteresis loss.

Statement I: IGBT makes use of advantages

M

Statement (II) : A capacitor cannot be used to of both power MOSFET and BJT hence

fabricate a lag network. statement-I is true.

Sol. (c) like MOSFET at input. Like BJT IGBT has

S

beacause of time delay and hysteresis

113. Statement (I) : The power distribution systems

losses. So statement 1 is correct.

IE

Phase lag compensating network is given

as: Statement (II) : A neutral wire is necessary to

R1

supply single-phase loads of domestic and

marginal commercial consumers.

i

R2 Sol. (a)

C phase 4-wire circuits hence Statement-I is

true.

Statement I: A neutral wire is necessary to

Hence statement (II) is wrong. supply single-phase loads of domestic and

, 8010009955

marginal commercial consumers hence The slip at which maximum torque occurs

statement-II is true directly proportional to resistance of rotor (R)

hence Statement-II is true.

Both statements are true and statement-II is

correct explanation of statement-I Both statements I and II are true but II is not

correct explanation of A hence answer is

114. Statement (I) : The maximum torque of an

option (b).

induction motor is independent of rotor

R

resistance. 115. Statement (I) : A 3-phase induction motor is a

self-starting machine.

Statement (II) : The slip at which the maximum

torque occurs is directly proportional to rotor Statement (II) : A star-delta starter is used to

TE

resistance. produce starting torque for the induction motor.

Statement-I: A 3-phase induction motor is

self starting machine hence statement-I is

AS

Tmax Tmax

1

T

2 true

reduce the starting current of the induction

motor hence statement-II is false.

116. Statement (I) : Leakage reactance of the lower

M

considerably higher than that of the upper cage.

Nr = Ns

s2 s1 s=0

(Nr = 0 Statement (II) : The lower cage has high

s = 1) Tmax2 = Tmax1 permeance for leakage flux.

S

Sol. (a)

IE

We know condition for maximum torque is The lower cage has high permeance for

R leakage flux due to which in a double squirrel

X cage motor leakage reactance of the lower

s

cage is higher than that of upper cage.

R 117. Statement (I) : Superconducting compounds

i.e. s = (Max) s R

X and alloys must have components which are

where s = slip at which maximum torque themselves superconducting.

Statement-I i s as the rot or resi stance Statement (II) : Metals and compounds which

changes the slip at which maximum torque are superconducting are rather bad conductors

occurs changes but maximum torque remains at ordinary temperatures.

same.

, 8010009955

Sol. (d) across at ac supply. The circuit exhibits two

A l arge num ber of m etal s becom e reasonance when L is variable.

superconducting below a temperature which

Statement (II) : The circuit has two values of L

is characteristic of the particular metal.

for which the imaginary part of the input

Superconducting compounds and alloys do

admittance of the circuit is zero.

R

not necessarily have compounds which are

themselv es superconducting. Note that

metals which are very good conductors at Sol. (a)

room temperature eg. Cu, Ag, Au do not For the circuit given below,

TE

exhibit superconducting properties, whereas

m etal s and com p ounds whi ch i s

superconducting are rather bad conductors R R

at ordinary temperature. Further-more, A.C

monovalent metal and ferromagnetic and input

y L C

AS

ant i -f erro -m agnet i c m at eri al s are not

superconducting.

118. Statement (I) : The relative dielectric consstant

1 1

of an insulator decreases with increase in the

Admittance y j = R jL j

frequency of the applied alternating field. R

C

M

j

the applied field, polarization process increases. R

R j L C

= 2 2

2

Sol. (c) R L 2 1

R

Mathematically C

S

r For resonance, Im y j = 0

tan =

r 1

IE

C L

2

2 2 = 0

as f tan r 2 1 R L

R

C

Hence as f, relative dielectric constant

decreases. 1 2

1

So statement I is correct.

C

R 2 L

2

= L R 2

C

Polarisation means orientation and depends

Above equation is a quadratic equation in

on the applied E and H field. With change in L, which gives two values of L for which

frequency its orientation can not be changed. Imaginary part of admittance is zero.

It can be changed only when either or both R R

E and H fields changes. y j = 2 2

2

R L 2 1

119. Statement (I) : One series RC circuit and the R

C

other series RL circuit are connected in parallel

(At resonance)

, 8010009955

For two values of L, given circuit exhibits 122. The phenomenon of magnetostriction occurs

two resonance. when a ferromagnetic substance is magnetized

120. Statement (I) : The power available from wind resulting in

is directly proportional to V3, where V is the (a) Heating

velocity.

(b) Small changes in its dimesnions

Statement (II) : Drag type wind turbines have (c) Small changes in its crystal structure

lower speed and high torque capabilites. (d) Some change in its mechanical properties

R

Sol. (b) Sol. (b)

Power of wind turbine Magnetostriction is characterised by change

TE

(P) = 0.5 swept area Air density in the physical dimension of the magnetic

(Velocity)3 material when magnetic field is applied to it:

crystal?

Drag type wind turbines have lower speed

(a) Stoichiometric defect

AS

and hi gh t orque capabi l i t i es hence

statement-II is also true. (b) Metal excess defect due to anion vacancies

But statement-II is not correct explanation of (c) Metal excess defect due to extra cations

statement-I hence. (d) Frenkel defect

M

In metal excess def ect due to anionic

1. Solid cores vacancies causes F-centers in a crystal. This

2. Laminated cores type of defect is observed in those crystals

3. Ferrites which are likely to form schottky defects.

Alkali metal halides like NaCl and KCl show

S

this type of defect.

below:

(a) 2 and 3 only (b) 1 and 2 only 124. Consider the following statements:

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behaviour above a transition temperature

Sol. (a) Tc

Eddy current losses in a transformer can be 2. Superconductors lose their superconducting

reduced by: nature in an external magnetic field, provided

(1) Solid cores (statement 1 is false) the external magnetic field is above a critical

value

(2) Laminated cores (statement 2 is true)

3. High Tc superconductors have Tc values in

(3) Ferrites (statement 3 is true)

the range 1 to 10 K

hence statement 2 and 3 are true Which of the above statements are correct?

, 8010009955

(a) 1 and 2 only (b) 1 and 3 only 2. Nano materials have enchanced of changed

(c) 2 and 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3 structural property

3. Nano elements lend themselv es to

Sol. (a) mechanical processing like rolling, twisting,

(1) at T > T c , superconductivity is lost and positioning

4. Nano elements show important electrical,

R

hence behaves as normal conductor.

(2) at H > Hc , superconductivity is lost. magnetic and optical characteristics that are

useful in electrical inductry

125. Superconductivity is a material property Which of the above statements are correct?

TE

associated with

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only

(a) Changing shape by stretching (b) 1, 2, 3 and 4

(b) Stretching without breaking (c) 3 and 4 only

(c) A loss of thermal resistance (d) 1, 2 and 4 only

(d) A loss of electrical resistance

AS

Sol. (b)

Sol. (d) The atomic radius is of the order of 10 10 to

A superconductor exhibits zero electrical 1014 m whereas Nano means 109m whose

resistance below transition temperature. order of dimension is higher and nano

materials do exist in the ferm of rods, tabes,

126. An atom in a crystal vibrates at a frequency,

M

determined by

technology in which manipulation of materials

1. Crystal heat current are done and processed at the nanoscale

2. Crystal temperature l ev el . Su ch as carbon nano tabe et c.

3. The stiffness of the bonds with neighbour Moreover, Nano elements exhibit prominent

S

and these materials can be processed

Select the correct answer using the codes given

through rolling etc.

below:

IE

(a) 1 only (b) 2 only 128. The voltage and current waveforms for an

(c) 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3 element are shown in the figure

An atom in a crystal vibrates at a frequency,

determined by the stiffness of the bonds with

neighbor atoms. 2A 2V

127. Consider the following statmenets:

1. Nano means 109 so that nano materials

have an order of dimension higher than the

size of atom and come in the form of rods, 0 2s t 2s t

tubes, spheres or even thin sheets/films

, 8010009955

The circuit element and its value are Also, No. of links = No. of mesh equations

= No. of tie sets

(a) Capacitor, 2F (b) Inductor, 2H

(c) Capacitor, 0.5F (d) Inductor, 0.5H 130. For the circuit shown, Thevenins open circuit

v ol tage V oc and Thev enins equiv al ent

Sol. (b) resistnace R eq at terminals A B are,

respectively,

i(t) v(t) 2.5 R3

5 R 1

R

A

2A 2V

TE

t t 5 R2 R4 RL

2s 2s 50 V 5

d B

= K {current flowing through the

AS

dt

element} (a) 6.25 V and 2.5 (b) 12.5 V and 5

i.e. V = K

dt

Sol. (d)

Thus, the circuit element is an inductor.

To find Thevenins voltage (V Th = VOC i.e.

M

Also, 2 = L

dt

5 V 2.5 A

2 1 +

L = 2

2 50 5 5 Vo.c.

S

L = 2 Henry

129. In a connected graph, the total number of B

IE

branches is b and the total number of nodes is Apply KCL at node 1, we get

n. Then the number of links L of a co-tree is

V 50 V V

(a) b n (b) b n 1 =0

5 5 7.5

(c) b + n 1 (d) b n + 1

2V 50 V

=0

Sol. (d) 5 7.5

Number of links (L) of a co-tree = (No. of

75

branches) {(No. of nodes) 1} V = V

4

= b (n 1)

= b n + 1 V 0

VOC = 5

7.5

, 8010009955

75 1 M

= 5 12 8

4 7.5

= 12.5 V 8V 8 2V

To find Thevenins resistance (R Th): Short vx

circuit the voltage source.

R

N

5 2.5

A Let us assume that M is the referenced

ground/datum node.

TE

s.c. 5 5 RTh Applying KCL at node N, we get

B Vx 8 Vx Vx 2

= 0

RTh = {(5||5) + 2.5}||5 = {2.5 + 2.5}||5 12 8 8

AS

= 0

12 8

131. What is the current through the 8 resistance

connected acorss terminals, M and N in the 11

Vx = V

circuit? 4

Vx 11

Current flowing in branch NM = 8 4 8 A

M

M

12 8

= 0.34 A [From N to M]

132. What is the value of resistance R which will

allow maximum power dissipation in the circuit?

S

8V 8 2V 20 5 a

IE

+

8V 10 R

N

(a) 0.34 A from M to N

(b) 0.29 A from M to N

(c) 0.29 A from N to M

(d) 0.34 A from N to M b

(a) 11.66 (b) 10.33

Sol. (d)

(c) 8.33 (d) 7.66

, 8010009955

Sol. (a) P5 = 10 W

To find Thevenin resistance (RTh) : Deactivate

2

the voltage source Irms 5 = 10

20 5

a Irms = 2

s.c. 10 RTh Im

= 2

2

R

b

Im = 2A

RTh = {(20||10) + 5}

V = I |Z|

TE

= 11.67

50 = 2 225 XL2

For maximum power transfer to the load

resistance (R), 25 = 225 XL2

R = RTh XL = 20

= 11.67 R 15 3

AS

Power factor = cos = 0.6

Z 25 5

133. Two resistors of 5 and 10 and an inductor

134. A two-element sereis circuit is connected across

L are connected in series across a 50 cos t

an AC source given by

voltage source. If the power consumed by the

5 resistor is 10 W, the power factor of the e 200 2 sin(314t 20)V . The current is then

M

(a) 1.0 (b) 0.8 parameters of the circuit are

(c) 0.6 (d) 0.4

(a) R = 20 and C = 160F

Sol. (c)

S

IE

Sol. (b)

i 10 2 cos(314t 25)

i

A B

50 cost

Z = 15 + jXL

|Z| = 225 XL 2

e 200 2 sin(314t 20)

, 8010009955

Sol. (b)

e = 200 2 sin 314t 20

Slew rate of an op-Amp is defined as the

i = 10 2 cos 314t 25 maximum rate of change of output voltage with

time. It is given by

i = 10 2 sin 314t 65

dV0

R

i lead by v by 45. Therefore elements are R Slew rate (SR) =

dt maximum

& C.

The output voltage of the Op-amp changes by

em 200 2 10 V in time (t, say). Then

TE

|Z| = 20

im 10 2 10

SR = 1V/s =

t

j

Z = R

C 10V

t = 1 V/s

AS

1 1

Z = R2 2 2

tan 1 = 10s

C RC

136. A three-phase star-connected load is operating

1 at a power factor angle with being the

|Z| = R2 2 2

C angle between

M

2

(a) Line voltage and line current

1 (b) Phase voltage and phase current

20 = R2 (i)

314C (c) Line voltage and phase current

(d) Phase voltage and line current

1

tan 1

S

= 45

RC Sol. (b, d)

A 3-phase star connected load is operating

1

IE

RC

angle between phase voltage and line current

1 1 (or) phase voltage and phase current as in

RC = (ii)

314

VL

Solving equation (i) and (ii) we get Y-connected load I L = I P and Vph =

3

R = 14.14 and C = 225 F

We know is any power system

135. How fast can be output of an OP Amp change

VL = Vph(load) + (Z phase) I ph

by 10 V, if its slew rate is 1 V / s ? sending end angle is more than receiving

end angle

(a) 5s (b) 10s

s r

, 8010009955

137. For a two-part reciprocal network, the three Sol. (None)

thransmission parameters are A = 4, B = 7 and Let the charge on the plates be Q. Then

C = 5. What is the value of D? Q = CV

(a) 9.5 (b) 9.0 A

( C and voltage,

(c) 8.5 (d) 8.0 A E d

=

d d Electric field E

V

Sol. (b) dis tance d

R

Network to be reciprocal if

Q E 0 rE

AD BC = 1 = 2 2

A d d

4D 7 5 = 1

TE

4D = 36 8.854 10

12

2.2 3 10

4

= 2

D9 5 10 3

8.854 2.2 3 10 12 10 4

reciprocity in terms of z-paramters: = 6

AS

25 10

1. z11 = z12 = 2.33 102 c/m2

2. z12 = z22

= 23.3 103 c/m2

3. z12 = z21

Which of the above representations is/are 140. What is the potential drop across the 80

correct? resitor in the figure?

M

80 20

(c) 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3

Sol. (c)

Condition for reciprocity in Z parameter

S

Z12 Z 21

25 V

IE

(c) 10 V (d) 5 V

139. A parallel-phate capacitor is made of two

circular plates separated by a distance of 5 Sol. (a)

mm and with a dielectric with dielectric constant 80 20

of 2.2 between them. When the electric field in

the diectric is 3 104 V/m, the charnge density

of the positive plate will be, nearly

25 V

(a) 58.5 104 C/m2 (b) 29.5 104 C/m2

(c) 29.5 104 C/m2 (d) 58.5 104 C/m2

, 8010009955

80 143. A drawn wire of resistnace 5 is further drawn

V80 = 25 so that its diameter becomes one-fifth of the

80 20

orginal. What is its resitance with volume

80 remaining the same?

= 25 = 20 V

100

(a) 25 (b) 125

R

V80 20V (c) 625 (d) 3125

TE

drop of 1 V occurs every 12 m. The voltage

Since, volume of the wire remain same

drop in a 100 m run of this cable when it is

carrying 10 V is nearly 4 2 4

So, r1 1 = r22 2

(a) 4.2 V (b) 3.2 V 3 3

(c) 1.2 V (d) 0.42 V

r12 1 = r22 2

AS

Sol. (a) 2 2

d1 d2

142. Consider the following statements: 1 = 2

2 2

If a high Q parallel resonant circuit is loaded

d12 1 = d22 2

with a resistance

M

d

d12 1 = 1 2

2. The resonant frequency remains the same 5

3. The bandwidth reduces

Which of the above statments is/are correct? 2 25 1

S

(a) 3 only (b) 2 only i.e. length becomes 25 times that of original one

(c) 1 only (d) 1, 2 and 3

.

IE

Now, resistance R =

A.

Sol. (d) A

=

1 V

0 =

LC

i.e. R 2

and Q = 0RC

2

R1 1

so as R increases Q increases but 0 R2 =

2

remains same.

2

Impedance of parallel resonant circuit will 5 1

reduce on increasing resistance. R2 = 25

1

, 8010009955

R 2 = 25 2 5

5 103 5 103

21.65 0

I R = V 0 400

ph 0

= 625 5 3

= 3125

3 103

I Y = V 120

144. The three non-indcutive loads of 5 kW, 3 kW ph

R

and 2 kW are connected in a star network

bewteen R, Y and B phases and neutral. The = 12.99 120

line voltage is 400 V. The current in the neutral

TE

wire is nearly 2 103

8.66 240

(a) 11 A (b) 14 A IB = 400

240

(c) 17 A (d) 21 A 3

IN = I R + I Y + I B

Sol. (a)

= 21.65 0 12.99 120 8.66 240

AS

R

= 11.45 19.10 11 A

400

0 5 kW

3 145. Kirchhoffs current law is applicable to

N 1. Closed loops in a circuit

2 kW 3 kW 2. Junction in a circuit

M

y

B 3. Magnetic circuits

Which of the above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only (b) 2 only

Given line voltage V L = 400V (c) 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3

S

Vph = N

3 3 I1 I2

IE

R1 VN R3

PR = VphR IphR cos R 5kW

+

+

V1 V2

PY = VphY IphY cos Y 3kW I3 R2

PB = VphB IphB cos B 2kW

I1 + I2 = I3

, 8010009955

a closed loop is proportional to electric

V1 VN V2 VN VN

current plus displacement current (rate of

R1 R3 R2

change of electric field) it encloses.

KCL is applicable to junction in the circuit. E

H E

146. Which of the following are satisfied in a non- t

R

linar network? 148. Consider the following statements:

1. Associative 1. Network theorems are not derivable from

2. Superposition Kirchoffs law

TE

3. Homogeneity 2. To get the Norton current, one has to short

4. Bilaterality the current source

Select the correct answer using the codes given 3. Thevenins theorem is suitable for a circuit

below: involv ing voltage sources and series

(a) 1 and 3 only (b) 1 and 4 only connections

AS

(c) 2 and 3 only (d) 2 and 4 only Which of the above statements is/are correct?

(a) 1, 2 and 3 (b) 1 only

Sol. (b) (c) 2 only (d) 3 only

For Linear Network there are two rules to be Sol. (d)

followed by network Thevenin Theorem: A linear active RLC

M

x1 t

y1 t independent or dependent voltage or current

source can be replaced by a single voltage

x 2 t

y2 t soruce in series with equivalent impedance.

zeq

x1 t x 2 t

y1 t y 2 t

S

a

(ii) Homogeneity a +

N V oc

x t

y t a'

IE

a'

ax t

ay t Nortons Theorem: A linear active RLC

net work whi ch contai ns on e or m ore

independent or dependent voltage or current

E

147. H E is source can be replace by a single current

t

source in parallel with equivalent impedance.

(a) Modified Faradays law a

a

(b) Gausss law N ISC zeq

(c) Biot-Savart law a'

a'

(d) Modified Amperes law

Sol. (d) VOC

Z eq

ISC

Amperis circuital law with maxwell addition

states that the magnetic field induced around I sc short circuit current between a & a.

, 8010009955

149. What are the Thevenins equivalent voltage VTH 120

and resistance RTH between the terminals A = 100

288

and B of the circuit? = 41.67 V

R168

in the circuit shown?

R2 100

5

R

Vs 100 V A

R3 120

TE

4 6

B 5A 10A

(c) 4.16 V and 70 (d) 41.67 V and 70

AS

Sol. (d) (a) 5.33 A (b) 4.66 A

T hev eni ns resi stance i s ob tai ned by (c) 2.66 A (d) 1.33 A

replacing the voltage source by its internal Sol. (c)

resistance. Here, voltage source is ideal one,

so it has no internal resistance 5

M

RTh:

68

R1 5A 4 10A

6

R2 100

S

A

Using source conversion:

IE

R3 120 4 5

B

+ +

So, RTh = (168) || (120) 20V 60V

168 120

= 70

168 120

Now, Thevenins voltage is the voltage

across the terminal A-B. 60 20

I =

120 456

So, VTh = VAB = 100

120 168

I 2.66A

, 8010009955

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