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Bringing Healthcare to Juan and Juana: Universal

Healthcare in the Communities


Speech of Senate President Pro Tempore Leader Ralph G. Recto
Health for Juan and Juana 2 Forum
ADB | 18 May 2017

Thank you. Magandang hapon po sa inyong lahat. I am happy and honored to be


here today.

What Ive noticed is that there is no universal oath that binds politicians, unlike
physicians who have their famous First, do no harm pledge.

But if ever there will be a contest to coin one for politicos, I think Do most harm
will be the runaway winner.

If Congress has been pilloried for causing multiple injuries to the public health
system, then such an accusation is not totally undeserved.

To cite one sin, funds we infuse into the health system, even if they have sharply
risen in recent years, remain inadequate.

Kulang na nga, delayed pa ang release, although this one is no fault of ours.
When funds are squeezed by budgetary tourniquets, the drip-drip in allotments
makes the situation worse.

Honestly, I dont have an explanation for this ailment called attention deficit
disorder on health financing.

Perhaps, lawmakers are of the healthiest of breeds, so visits to the doctors are
rare. And when they get seriously sick, they are the easiest to operate on, as one
joke goes.

Remember the punchline Politicians are the easiest to operate on? Theres no
guts, no heart, no balls, no brains and no spine.

My friends: I have timed my speech to last about 20 minutes short by senatorial


standards but long enough for a doctor to see, diagnose and write prescriptions
for 8 patients.

To include the open forum, our session today spans 40 minutes.

By the end of these 40 minutes, 136 babies would have been born in this land.

For 2017, our population will grow by about 1.63 million. By 2020, there will be
109.26 million of us.

In ten years, there will be 120.1 million crowding this sliver of land that typhoons
hit first but to where investors head to last.

We are adding the population of one Singapore every 3 years and 4 months. In
10 years, our population will grow by 17.5 million, or the combined population of
Denmark, Finland and Norway.

There are multiple ways of viewing the newborns.


Politicos might see them as future voters who must be bought. For traders, a
huge market who will buy what they sell. For health professionals, a staggering
multitude who must be kept healthy.

This early, we must prepare for this crush of humanity, for this is what good
governance is all about: The foresight to ready the needs of the next generation,
instead of displaying 20/20 hindsight on what could have, should have, would
have been done.

On health, for example, one estimate pegs at 195,000 the number of hospital
beds we need to install by 2027. This estimate covers existing backlogs.

But this is on the curative aspect of the health system alone.

The promotive side, like nutrition and sanitation, likewise bear huge budgetary
footprints.

For example, each Filipino on the average eats 119 kilos of rice annually. Kasi
nga may rice-loving gene in our DNA.

The 136 Pinoys born in the next 40 minutes will thus devour 16.1 tons of rice
yearly. To produce this, we have to open up 7 hectares of land to irrigation, the
size of about 166 basketball courts.

Remember, kanin lang yan ng babies produced in 40 minutes.

You want the bigger picture: 17.5 million more mouths to feed means we have to
ramp up rice supply by 2.1 million metric tons a year.

To achieve this, we can increase imports or irrigate more lands for rice
production at a rate of 77,595 hectares or more than three times the size of
Camiguin every year, until 2027.

But more money is needed to end the biggest cause of sickness hunger. Our
GNP number or the Gutom na Pilipino is rising.

Lampas tatlong daang bilyon ang ating food import bill, yung deklarado, hindi
kasama ang smuggled, tulad ng pinuslit na pusit.

Pati sa isda, kulang na rin tayo. Labing-isang bilyong pisong halaga ang inangkat
natin noong 2013, bago gawing fishpond ng mga Chinese ang karagatan natin.

Another health facility for which there is no substitute is water.

Dirty water kills more Filipinos than EJKs. And that is not fake news. That there is
correlation between healthy people and clean water is not an alternative fact
either.

Because Filipino men bathe twice a day, and Filipino women thrice, and the car
and the dog get shampooed too, we have to source, filter, and pipe in an
additional 1.1 trillion liters of water a year by 2027.

Kaya nga sa spending columns natin, ang water ay itinuturing na health


spending.

And that is just a miniscule part of the total health bill.


We have not tallied the cost of training health professionals. Or wiping out the
backlog in health infrastructure.

Speaking of infrastructure, doctors have been telling the couch kamotes of the
land to abandon all laptops and smartphones and go out and exercise. Mine
have been nagging me that stretching is as good as statins.

But for the poor, where would they run? There are no pavements to pound.
Sidewalks are nonexistent and the few bangketas have been taken over by
commerce.

In one Senate hearing, a DPWH representative can only give a ballpark estimate
on the cost of constructing sidewalks along national roads: A minimum of P50
billion.

And we have not even begun computing future non-health expenditures, like
education. On this, let me give you the bottomline:

In five years, if 120 of the 136 babies born in the next 40 minutes would knock on
doors of public schools, then we should see to it that classrooms, teachers,
books, and chairs are waiting for them.

Total cost: P4.5 million. Just for 120 kids. By any yardstick, a big postpartum
financial headache.

In my speeches, I have been giving a snapshot of the future. This is borne out of
the reality that we have a governance culture which cannot see beyond three
years. Five-year plans are deemed either too long or too far into the future.

Our planning cycle follows the election calendar, which means every 1,000 days.
Projects are bookended by elections.

Government programs bear best before election completion dates so that when
inaugurated, they can be milked for reelection purposes.

This has made us experts in the tactical, and proficient on the ad hoc. We love
the quick-fix, and expect Band Aid cures to mature into permanent remedies.
Ours is a government of instant gratification.

So instead of embarking on grand projects that would span several


administrations, we content ourselves with piecemeal construction.

The tragic result of limited vision, and planning myopia, is chop-chop


development and progress in small increments.

Compounding this is the fact that at present, the only tally were making concerns
body bags. While there are important numbers to track, the national scoreboard
shows only deaths.

What it should be highlighting are projects that should improve life, especially on
the health front.

This would, however, entail big and bold thinking.

Whether it is about developing human capital, like training doctors, or capital


expenditures like laying rail tracks, we must have a man on the moon goal. I am
referring to Kennedys vow to put a man on the moon before the 60s was over.
We must break free of the political culture which treats grandiose dreams as
grandstanding.

Huwag tayo magtipid sa ambisyon. We may be in the gutter, but let us fix our
gaze at the stars.

Kaya para sa akin, yung planong Mindanao railway or Manila Subway, ituloy
yan, because it is good for a national psyche that celebrates smallness.

Isa na dito yung One Town, One Doctor program. May nagsabi na di na daw
kailangan. May narining akong puna na magastos raw.

But let us look at the facts. According to experts, the countrys public health
system is grappling with a shortage of 60,000 doctors.

As result, six out of 10 Filipinos die without seeing a doctor.

We can debate on the misdistribution of physicians, as to why they congregate in


urban centers. But the fact is, one in three slots in the Doctor to the Barrios has
had no takers for two years in a row.

Taking these into account, the conclusion is obvious: There is a deficiency that
must be plugged.

Cost has been cited as an impediment. But if you take the projected price tag of
the project which is P900 million a year at P600,000 per scholar the fallacy of
the claim emerges.

Compare the P900 million against the P6.7 billion in intelligence funds, or the
P17.9 billion in travel expenses of bureaucrats this year.

The P900 million is also less than 1 percent of the P102 billion we allocated this
year in pension for retired soldiers and policemen.

If the two houses of Congress can have an annual budget of P15 billion, and
such is seen as an expense vital to democracy, then why should medical
scholarships be disparaged as a nonessential luxury?

Gusto niyo pa ng isang halimbawa? Central Bank has requested P150 billion in
additional capitalization, a request Congress will likely accede to.

Anong ibig sabihin nito? That banks are too big to fail and medical scholarships
are too big to fund?

For those who think the cost is too big, heres a point to ponder: The most recent
figures show that the Philippine Military Academy spends P4.2 million to produce
one graduate.

In contrast, we will be spending half that amount to produce one graduate of


what would virtually become the Philippine Medical Academy.

The proposed One Town, One Doctor law requires government to choose one
medical student scholar per town. This is not an unconditional entitlement. The
quota is linked to merit. There are academic standards to be hurdled.
To qualify, an applicant must belong to the upper 30 percent of a graduating
class of any pre-Med course and have been accepted to medical school.

The scholarship will cover tuition, laboratory, miscellaneous fees, and all school
fees; textbooks, supplies and equipment; clothing and uniform allowances;
traveling, subsistence and living expenses.

If no one from a town qualifies for the program, the allotted slot may be assumed
by a scholar coming from another town in the same province.

The scholarship is linked to the condition that when the scholar becomes a
doctor, he will go back to his town to serve for four years.
In short, this is a galing sa bayan, tungo sa bayan scheme of producing
doctors.

We pick from among the towns best and brightest, finance his medical studies,
and when he becomes a doctor, he repays it by serving his own people.

Ang isang reservation na nabasa ko sa One Town, One Doctor ay baka lumobo
raw ang payroll ng pamahalaan.

Heres the lowdown on this: Government payroll is, hold your breath, already P1
trillion a year. On a daily basis, thats P2.7 billion. But that already includes
pension of retired soldiers and policemen.

The DOH share of this is a measly three percent.

And since when have doctors been deemed nonessential and decorative? They
are in short supply, in contrast to the surplus of elected officials.
Every three years, we spend billions of pesos to hire, in a costly procedure called
elections, 12 senators, almost 300 congressmen, 81 governors, 1,634,776
provincial board members, 13,540 councilors, 294,252 barangay officials.

And how many doctors are we deploying under this bill? 1,500.

In fact, the annual medical scholarship fund of P900 million contemplated under
this measure is less than one-tenth of the average P10 billion annual budget of
the Comelec over the past seven years.

Without doubt, this program is administratively and financially feasible.

Yes, many implementation details need ironing out. So your suggestions are
welcome in order to improve this bill. One thing I learned in legislation is birth
pains are lessened if there are more midwives.

I can only hope that when the first batch of One Town, One Doctor scholars pass
the medical board, they will be acknowledged, even at a decibel level below how
society toasts even the near Bar flunkers.

For this is what our overlitigated but undermedicated society needsmore


doctors who will do no harm.

This bill is not a cure-all pill. Our health system needs a bigger cocktail of
interventions to address deficiencies.

This is why I have proposed several bills in the Senate aimed at addressing the
backlogs and lack of funds in our health system.
One of which is my own Senate Bill No. 60 whose primary aim is to provide
universal healthcare coverage to all Filipinos. The principle behind this measure
is that if you are a citizen of this country, you will be qualified to avail of health
benefits, regardless if you have a Philhealth identification card or not.

The bill also proposes to improve the benefit packages being offered by
Philhealth by increasing the amount of benefits to lessen the out-of-pocket
expenses on the part of the members. Improving the benefit packages would
also entail the inclusion of preventive and promotive health services to minimize
the chances of confinement and to encourage a healthy lifestyle among the
population.

We will also introduce substantive amendments to the Pagkaing Pinoy Para sa


Batang Pinoy Bill which is being deliberated right now in the Senate, to further
address the problem of hunger and undernutrition among Filipino children, by
expanding the coverage of health, nutrition and feeding program from conception
to childhood.

These and many more are part of our efforts in the Senate to bring universal
healthcare to the communities. Feel free to share us your inputs so that we can
come up with pieces of good legislation that are encompassing, effective and
affordable for the Filipino people.

Maraming salamat.