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BLACK DEATH

Welcome to
Our
Presentation

By: Pitcha Boonachathong


Chayanin Sakulboonthanom
Chinorod Tavichai
Nuttaya Techapermphol
1004
What was the Black Death?

In the Middle Ages the Black


Death, or pestilencia, as
present called various
epidemic diseases.
Medieval people called it the
blue sickness.
What was the Black Death?
It was the worst disaster
in recorded history.
It destroyed a higher
proportion of the
population than any
other single known
event.
When did the Black Death happen?
It reached China and India by
1346.
It infected the Black Sea port of
Kaffa by 1347.
It is more likely that rats carried
infected fleas into the town.
Fleeing ships then carried infected
rats to Constantinople, Italy, and
Marseilles during the year 1347.
When did the Black Death happen?
In 1348, the first outbreaks
appeared in England.
In July 1349, it spreads to
Scotland.
In 1350, it spreads to
Scandinavia.
In 1351, it arrived in Kiev,
Ukraine.
How many people in Europe died?
25 million people died in just under five years between
1347 and 1352.
The absolute minimum number of European dead would
have been 20 million.
Most modern professor estimate the number of Europe
between 50-70 million dead.
With perhaps the worldwide count at 155-220 million.
The cities of Genoa and Dublin are about 35% of the
population died.
What started the Black Death?
Traders unknowingly brought diseased rats to
Mediterranean ports in 1347 and spread through Europe.
Bubonic plague was spread by fleas which lived on the
black rats.
What started the Black Death?
The fleas sucked the rats blood which contained the
plague germs.
When the rat dies the fleas jump onto humans and passed
on the deadly disease.
Where did the plague start?
The origins of the plague was Central and East Asia.

Who brought it to Europe?


The Black Death arrived in
Europe when 12 Genoese
trading ships docked at the
Sicilian port of Messina after a
long journey through the Black
Sea.
How did people try to stop the black death?
Doctors try to keep people who had
the plague away from people who
didn't
If someone if your family figured
out that they had the plague, they
were immediately taken away
and everyone in the household
would be tested to make sure
they didn't have the plague
How did people try to stop the black death?
Environmental Sanitation
Eliminating all the rats and fleas
by clean all the areas with
garbage so the rats wouldn't
have places to live
Keep the food away from places
where the rats and fleas could
get into
How did the Black Death affect the economy of Europe?
Workers and employers died
from the plagues so the
production began to decline
People who survived the
Black Death were demanded
to be paid more money to
work
Rise of wage for labors led to
inflation in the price of goods
Peasants/
How did it change the lives of
Serfs?
The gap between the lords and peasants began to close
due to the Black Plague. The system they used was called
feudalism. The plague ended this system once and for all
in Europe.
Peasants gained power, landlords lost it, and there was a
gradual reawakening of European culture.
Peasants/
How did it change the lives of
Serfs?
People began to think that God had turned his back on
them and drifted away from the Church.
After the plague, doctors and people of other medical
fields grew in importance.
Due to rising the wages of workers, they have more
money to move away from their lords and buy land.
How did serfs start moving
after the black Death?
People abandon their homes and move into bigger or nicer
places that had been emptied by the plague.
They would also take up the clothing and other belongings left
by wealthier (wealth being relative).
How did serfs start moving
after the black Death?
Weather was warmer in the decades after the plague, which
contributed further to better food availability.
This lead to a rapid population increase.

Europe was repopulated to


pre-plague levels within
around 200 years, although
the geographic distribution
of people changed.
How did serfs start moving
after the black Death?
Serfs are more richer because Land owners offer higher
wages than pre-plaque level.
The Jews were widely attacked and killed, as a result of a
common belief that Jews had poisoned the wells to cause
the plague.
Reference
E. (2014, November 19). Your 60-second guide to the Black
Death. Retrieved from http://www.historyextra.com/feature/
your-60-second-guide-facts-black-death-how-when-why

W. (n.d.). The Black Plague: The Least You Need to Know.


Retrieved from https://web.cn.edu/kwheeler/black_plague.html

http://historyinfo100.weebly.com/economic-and-social-
impact.html