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LIFTING

CALCULATION
METHOD
Lifting calculation method

INDEX
STRESS DETERMINATION ON SLEEVES, SPHERICAL HEAD ANCHORS AND FLAT HEAD ANCHORS

1. WEIGHT OF PRECAST UNIT ............................................................................................................ 3


2. FORMWORK ADHESION ..................................................................................................................
3. DYNAMIC FACTOR ........................................................................................................................... 3
4. ASYMMETRICAL LOAD DISTRIBUTION .......................................................................................... 4
5. SPREAD ANGLE FACTOR ................................................................................................................ 5
6. COUNTING LOAD BEARING ANCHORS ..................................................................... 5
7. DETERMINATION OF TOTAL LOAD F TOT.................................................................................... 6
8. DETERMINATION OF ANCHOR LOAD F....................................................................................... 7
7

CALCULATION EXAMPLES:

A. FLOOR ELEMENT- SLAB ................................................................................................................


B. DOUBLE-T BEAM ............................................................................................................................ 7
C. FACADE ELEMENT .......................................................................................................................... 9
D. VERTICALLY PREFABRICATED BEAMS AXIAL LIFTING ............................................................. 10
E. VERTICALLY PREFABRICATED BEAMS INCLINED LIFTING ...................................................... 12
13

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2
DOCUMENTATIO
SYSTEME DE LE
CONDITIONS GE

Lifting calculation method DETERMINATION DE LEFFORT SUR LES DOUILLES ET LES ANCRE

STRESS DETERMINATION ON SLEEVES, La valeur de leffort sur les douilles ou ancres dpend de plusieurs facteurs:
 Le poids propre de llment prfabriqu en bton

SPHERICAL HEAD ANCHORS ANDDETERMINATION


FLAT DE LEFFORT SUR LES


Ladhrence et le frottement du bton au coffrage
Le type du dispositif de levage
 La forme de llment prfabriqu
HEAD ANCHORS 

La direction de la charge La survaleur
Le nombre de douilles ou dancres
de leffort
les douilles
 Lesupportant
sur ancres
et les
poids propre
les douilles ou ancres dp
de llment prfabriqu
la charge
 Ladhrence et le frottement du bton au
The anchor load capacity depends on multiplefactors such as:  Le type du dispositif de levage
Deadweight of the precast concrete element G  La forme de llment prfabriqu
Adhesion to the mould 1) DETERMINATION DU POIDS DE LELEMENT
 La direction PREFABRIQUE
de la charge sur EN lesBETON
douilles
Load direction, lifting angle  Le nombre de douilles ou dancres suppo
Le poids des lments prfabriqus est dtermin dans le cas gnral en consid
Number of load bearing anchors
Edge distance and spacing of the anchors
Concrete strength at the time of operating: lifting or transporting 1) DETERMINATION
G =  x DU
V POIDS DE LELEMENT
Ou:
Embedded depth of the anchor V=Lxlxg
Dynamic forces Le poids des lments prfabriqus est dtermin
Reinforcement arrangement
G=
1. WEIGHT OF PRECAST UNIT V=

Prefabricated elements are composed of a higher concentra-


tion of reinforcing elements.
2) COEFFICIENT DADHERENCE ET DE FROTTEMENT DU BETON AU COFF
Total weight G of the precast reinforced concrete element is G=xV
determined using a specific weight of: = 25 force dadhrence du bton au V
La kN/m. = L x l dpend
coffrage x g du matriel dont le coffrage es
Ha = q x A (kN)
V : volume of precast (m)
Ou: q le coefficient dadhrence du bton
L : length
A la surface de contact entre le(m)
btonDADHERENCE
et le coffrage au
2) COEFFICIENT ETmoment
DE FROTTou
- pour les coffrages en lacier
: width
huil(m) q = 1 kN/m
- pour les coffrages en g La: force
thickness
bois verni (m) du bton au coffrage
dadhrence q = dpend
2 kN/m
2. FORMWORK ADHESION - pour les coffrages en bois rugueux Hahuil
= q x A (kN) q = 3 kN/m
Ou: q le coefficient dadhrence du bto
Adhesion forces between mould and concrete depend on the type of mould used. Formwork A la surface de contact
adhesion Ha entre le bto
CAS PARTICULIERS: - pour les coffrages en acier huil
is calculated through the following equation: - pour les coffrages en bois verni
Pour les PLAQUES NERVUREES : ladhrence - pour lesau coffrageenest
coffrages suprieure
bois
rugueux hu
Ha = q x A (kN) par un multiple du poids de llment prfabriqu.

- Pour les plaques doubles nervures : Ha = 2 x G


CAS PARTICULIERS:
A : area of contact between the mould and the concrete unit when
starting to lift. Pour les PLAQUES NERVUREES : ladhren
q : Formwork adhesion factor. par un multiple du poids de llment prfabriq
q = 1 kN/m (for oiled steel mould).
q = 2 kN/m (for varnished timber mould). - Pour les plaques doubles nervures : Ha
q = 3 kN/m (for rough timber mould).

Special case- :Pour les plaques nervures multiples : Ha = 4 x G

For T- slabs, formwork adhesion is superior to average. An estimate can


La force dadhrence du bton au coffrage peut tre rduite si, avant le levage, o
be made by multiplying the precast element weight:
- Pour les plaques nervures multiples : H
Ha = 2 x G (double -T slabs)
Ha = 3 x G (ribbed elements )
Ha = 4 x G (coffered elements) La force dadhrence du bton au coffrage peut t

3
Lifting calculation method
3. DYNAMIC FACTOR
When the movement of the precast unit is performed by lifting gear, dynamic forces that depend on the
lifting gear used, appear. The lifting classes are described in DIN 15018.

Lifting load coefficient f at lifting speed vh


Lifting class Up to 90 m/min > 90 m/min
H1 1,1 + 0,002 vh 1,3
H2 1,2 + 0,004 vh 1,6
H3 1,3 + 0,007 vh 1,9
H4 1,4 + 0,009 vh 2,2

Lifting factor f is the acceleration factor. When lifting and carrying precast elements, the lifting load has to be
multiplied by the f factor.

Class is determined by the selected lifting system (for example, class H1 for a bridge crane, class H4 for a
fork-lift truck on an uneven ground).

The dynamic factor depends on the means used for the lifting. These factor depending on the type of lifting
system are listed on the table below.

Lifting equipment Lifting load coefficient f


Tower crane and fixed crane 1,2 *
Mobile crane 1,4 *
Lifting and transporting on flat ground 2 - 2,5
Lifting and transporting on uneven terrain 3-4
* Lower values may be appropriate in precast plants if special arrangements are made.

For cranes with precision lifting, such as those in manufacturing plants the lifting load coefficient is
f = 1.1 1.3

In the precast factory:

for de-mould f = 1.1


for pitch and transport f = 1.3

On site:

for pitch/transport/install f = 1.5


when transporting suspended precast elements over uneven terrain, the lifting load coefficient
used is f > 2.

4
Lifting calculation method
DOCUMENTATION TECHNIQUE
DOCUMENTATION TECHNIQUE
SYSTEME DE LEVAGE 1D - 2D 3D
4. ASYMMETRICAL LOAD DISTRIBUTION SYSTEME DE LEVAGE
CONDITIONS 1D - 2DDUTILISATION
GENERALES 3D
CONDITIONS GENERALES DUTILISATION

The loadNote:
of each anchor
Pour viter depends
linclinaison on theprfabriqu
de llment embedded position
durant of lethe
le transport, anchor
palonnier doit in
trethe precast
positionn unitmanire
de telle and que
Note: Pourdeviter
le centre linclinaison
gravit soit situde llment prfabriqu
prcisment durant
la verticale le transport,
du crochet le palonnier doit tre positionn de telle manire que
de la grue.
also on le
the transporting mode.
centre de gravit soit situ prcisment la verticale du crochet de la grue.

Fa = Ftot x b
(a + b) Note: To avoid tilting of the unit
during transport, the load
Fb = Ftot x a should be suspended from the
(a + b) lifting beam such that its centre
of gravity is directly below the
Ftot : Total load crane hook.

5. SPREAD ANGLEDE
5) COEFFICIENT
5) COEFFICIENT FACTOR
DE MAJORATION EN FONCTION DE LANGLE DELINGUAGE
MAJORATION EN FONCTION DE LANGLE DELINGUAGE
Dans le cas du transport sans palonnier, leffort sur les douilles et les ancres dpend de langle existant entre le cble de levage
The cableDans
etangle
le cas isdu determined
la verticale(). by the length
transport sans palonnier, of the
leffort sur suspending
les douilles cable.
et les ancres We recommend
dpend that,
de langle existant if lepossible,
entre cble de levage
shouldet
bela verticale().
Note:kept to
Sil nest 30.
pas fait The
usagetensile force
dun palonnier on
pourthe anchor
le transport, is
lesincreased with
douilles doivent a
tre spread
encastresangle factor
symtriquementz. sur llment
Note: Sil nest pas fait usage dun palonnier pour le transport, les douilles doivent tre encastres symtriquement sur llment
en bton.
en bton.
Note : If no lifting
Langle beam isdpend
du cble used de
during transport,
la longueur the
du cble de anchor must
suspension. beprfrable
Il est embedded symmetrically
que cet to the
angle ne dpasse pas load.
la valeur de
Langle
30. du cble dpend de la longueur du cble de suspension. Il est prfrable que cet angle ne dpasse pas la valeur de
30.
F = z x FtotCoefficient z = dlinguage
wherede: langle 1 spread: z = angle factor.
1/ cos
n Coefficient de langle cos
dlinguage : z = 1/ cos
n : numberEffort sur labearing
of sur
load douille ou lancre : F = z x F tot / n (n = nombre de douilles)
Effort la douille ouanchors
lancre : F = z x F tot / n (n = nombre de douilles)

Spread angle
Cable angle
angle du cble factor z dangle
coefficient
angle du cble coefficient dangle z
dlinguage
0 0 1,001.00z
dlinguage
0 1.00
7,5 7.5
7.5 1,01
1.01
1.01
15.0 1.04
15,0 15.0
22.5
1.04
1,041.08
22.5 1.08
30.0
22,5 30.0 1,081.16
1.16
*37.5 1.26
30,0 *37.5
*45.0
1.26
1,161.41
*45.0 1.41
=2x 37,5 * 1,26
=2x * ll est prfrable que soit 30
* ll est prfrable que soit 30
45,0 * 1,41
* preferred 30Rapport
Rapport Angle
Angle
Coefficient d'angle
Coefficient d'angle
a/b (degr) d'linguage
a/b (degr) d'linguage
Ratio a/b Angle Spread
0,000 < a/b < 0,259 0 <  < 30 1,04
0,000 < a/b < 0,259 (degree0 <  < )
30 angle factor
1,04
0,259 < a/b < 0,383 30 <  < 45 1,08
0,000 < a/b < 0,259
0,259 < a/b < 0,383 0 <30<< 30
< 45 1,04
1,08
0,383 < a/b < 0,500 45 <  < 60 1,16
0,383 < a/b
0,259 < a/b < 0,383 < 0,500 30 < < <4560
45 <  1,16
1,08
0,500 < a/b < 0,608 60 <  < 75 1,26
0,500 < a/b < 0,608 60 <  < 75 1,26
0,383 < a/b0,608
<0,500< a/b < 0,70745 < 75<<60
 < 90 1,161,41
0,608 < a/b < 0,707 75 <  < 90 1,41
0,500 < a/b <0,608 60 < < 75 1,26
aa==d/2
d/2
a/b = sin(/2)
a/b = sin (/2) 0,608 < a/b <0,707 75 < < 90 1,41
c/b = cos (/2)
c/b = cos (/2)
coeff. = 1/[cos(/2)]
coeff. = 1/[cos(/2)]
Page 3
Page 3 5
DOCUMENTATION TECHNIQUE
SYSTEME DE LEVAGE 1D - 2D 3D
Lifting calculation method CONDITIONS GENERALES DUTILISATION

6) NOMBRE DANCRES SUPPORTANT EFFECTIVEMENT LA CHARGE


6. COUNTING LOAD BEARING ANCHORS

n=3 n=2
n =only
2 two
dans
cette situation
anchors take
seulement deux
over the
douilles ou load
n=3 bearing
ancres
supportent la
charge.

n=2 n=2
n=2
n=2

n=4 n=4

n=4
n=4

The compensated lifting slings ensure equal DOCUMENTATION A perfect static weight
TECHNIQUE
En utilisant distribution
un palonnier cansur
quilibr be 2obtained
paires
En utilisant des cbles de levage en
load distribution. SYSTEME DE LEVAGE
through the 1D -of
2Da lifting
3D
dancre disposes symtriquement, lapairs
use beam and two chargeof
combinaison avec une pice de CONDITIONS GENERALES DUTILISATION
anchors setestout
galement distribue
symmetricall y. sur les quatre
compensation on assure une distribution
douilles ou ancres.
gale des charges.

n=4

A perfect static weight distribution can be ob-


tained using a crossed spreader beam, which
avoids angled pull.

Distribution parfaite du poids statique en


n=4 Evitant langle dlinguage par lutilisation Page 4 6
Dun cadre de levage.
Lifting calculation method

7. DETERMINATION OF TOTAL LOAD F TOT


Total load of precast unit for calculating the anchor is determined through the following equation:
When de-mould Ftot= G + Ha
When pitching Ftot = G
2
When de-mould and pitching Ftot = (G + Ha)
2
When transporting Ftot = G

8. DETERMINATION OF ANCHOR LOAD F


The load on each load bearing anchor is calculated with the following formula:

When de-mould F = (Ftot x f x z) = (G + Ha) x f x z


n n
When pitching F = (Ftot x f x z) = (G/2 x f x z)
n n
When de-mould and pitching F = (Ftot x f x z) = [(G + Ha)/2] x z)
n n

During tilting, the concrete element remains supported on the ground, only the half of the forces have to be
taken into account.
In the situation of pitching, load carrying capacity of sockets and anchors is limited to 50% of the axial load.

When lifting F = (Ftot x f x z) = (G x f x z)


n n

CALCULATION EXAMPLES
A. FLOOR ELEMENT

General dates Symbol De-mould Mount


Concrete strength at de-mould [N/mm ] 20
Concrete strength on site [N/mm ] 45
Weight for element [kN] G 50 50
Mould area [m ] A 10
Cable angle factor at de-mould ( = 15,0) z 1,04
Cable angle factor on site ( = 30,0) z 1,16
Lifting load coefficient at de-mould f 1,3
Lifting load coefficient on site f 1,3
Formwork adhesion factor [kN/m] q 1,0
Anchor number for de-mould n 4
Anchor number for transport on site n 4

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Lifting calculation method

SLAB:

Dimensions: 5,00 x 2,00 x 0,20 (m)


Concrete strength class B45
Concrete strength at de-mould 20 N/mm
Weight : G= V x
G= 5,00 x 2,0 x 0,2 (m) x 25 (kN/m) = 50 kN

Anchor for de-mould, for transport and montage.

SITUATION AT PRECAST FACTORY:

The element will be taken out of the oiled steel formwork with a portal crane. There is work with an
lifting beam to prevent that the angle to the concrete becomes smaller than 75.
The used cable angle factor will be z=1,04. Will also be taken into account: a lifting load factor f=1,3.

SITUATION AT BUILDING SITE:

The element will be lift with the aid of a turning crane. There is work with 2 clutches and lifting beam to
prevent that the angle to the concrete becomes smaller than 60 .
The cable angle factor that must be used is z =1,16. Will also be taken into account: a lifting load factor
of f =1,3

DETERMINATION OF THE LIFTING FORCE F PER ANCHOR:

At precast factory : Ha = q x A= 1,0 x 5 x 2 = 10 kN


Force per anchor: F = (G + Ha) x f x z = (50 + 10) x 1,3 x 1,04 = 20,28 kN
n 4
At building site :
Force per anchor: F = (G x z x f) = 50x 1,16 x 1,3 = 18.85 kN
n 4
CONCLUSION:

The floor element can be lifted with 4 T-Slot-anchors; Type T -25-120 in untreated, hot dip galvanized or in
stainless carbon steel.

Chosen positions :
Length direction: 1/5 of the length = 1,00 m from the edge.
Transverse direction: 30% of the width = 0,50 m from the edge.

8
Lifting calculation method Dtermination de leffort sur les ancres dans le cas du dmoulage et du le

La rsistance du bton au dmoulage  25 MPa


Langle du cble = 30.0
B. DOUBLE-T BEAM Le coefficient de langle du cble z = 1.16

Le coefficient dynamique
Load capacity when lifting and transporting at the manufacturing plant. au dmoulage f = 1.1
Le coefficient dynamique au levage f = 1.3
Le coefficient dadhrence 1 kN / m
Concrete strength when de-mould TECHNIQUE
DOCUMENTATION 25 N / mm
Le nombre dancres utiles n=4
Cable angle SYSTEME DE LEVAGE 1D - 2D 3D = 30.0
Spread angle factor CONDITIONS GENERALES DUTILISATIONz = 1.16
Lifting load coefficient when transporting f = 1.3
RVURE
Lifting load coefficient when de-mould f La
= 1.1
masse totale G de l'lment en bton arm prfabriqu est dtermine en
Anchor number n=4

DOCUMENTATION TECHNIQUE
SYSTEME DE LEVAGE 1D - 2D 3D
CONDITIONS GENERALES DUTILISATION

ort sur les ancres dans le cas du dmoulage et du levage sur le lieu de fabrication.

au dmoulage  25 MPa
= 30.0
du cble z = 1.16

e au dmoulage f = 1.1
e au levage f = 1.3
ce 1 kN / m
es n=4

l'lment en bton arm prfabriqu est dtermine en utilisant une densit de:  = 25 kN / m
L = 850 cm = 25 kN/m
A1 = 10
L =x850
300cm(cm) A2 = [(35+25) x 30]/2 (cm)
A1 = 0,1
SoitxL3= ( 8.5
m)m A2 = (0,35+0,25) x 0,3 = (0,6 x 0,3) = 0,09 = 0,3 (m)
2 2
A1 = 10 x 300 (cm)
Soit A1 = 0.1 x 3 ( m)Weight : G= V x = (A x L) x = (A1+A2 x 2) x L x
G = [(0,3 + 0,3) x 2] x 8.5 (m) x 25 (kN/m) = 102 kN
A2 = [(35+25) x 30]/2 (cm)
Soit A2 = [(0.35+0.25) x 0.3]/2 (m) = (0.6 x 0.3)/2 = 0.3 x 0.3 = 0.3 (m)
Formwork adhesion : Ha = 2 x G = 204 kN
Total load Ftot : Ha + G = 204 kN + 102 kN = 306 kN
G= V x  =(A x L) x =(A1 + 2 x A2) x L x  = (0.1 x 3 + 0.3 x 2) x 8.5 x 25 = 102 kN
Load per anchor when de-mould.
F = Ftot x f x z = 306Hax =1,16
Effort dadhrence au coffrage 2xG x 1,1==204
97,61
kN kN
n 4
Load per anchor when
La charge totale au dcoffrage Ftot = transporting
Ha + G = 306 kN
F = Ftot x f x z = 102 x 1.16 x 1.3 = 38.45 kN
Effort par ancre au dmoulagen: 4
F=F
USE 4 ANCHORS ALLOWABLE LOAD > 98 KN.
x f x z / n = 306 x 1.16 x 1.1 / 4 = 97.6 kN
tot
9
Lifting calculation method DOCUMENTATIO
SYSTEME DE LEV
CONDITIONS GEN

C. FACADE ELEMENT
3) PANNEAU DE FACADE PREFABRIQUE A PLAT ET RELEVE

Dimensions : 5,00 x 2,00 x 0,20 (m3)

4 T-Slot-anchors for de-mould


2 T-Slot-anchors for pitching, transport and Dimen
mounting
4 ancre
2 ancre
= 25 kN/m le leva
Concrete strength class B45
Rsista
Strength at de-mould 20 N/mm Rsista

Weight : G= V x Poids:
G = 5,0 x 2,0 x 0,2 (m) x 25 (kN/m) = 50 kN

Donnes gnrales: lgende dmoulage relevage


General date Symbol De-mould
Rsistance du bton [MPa] Pitching Mount
20 20
Poids de llment [kN] G 50
Concrete strength at de-mould [N/mm ] 20 20
Surface dadhrence [m ] A 10
Concrete strength on site [N/mm ] Angle au dmoulage 75 f 45
1.04
Weight for element [kN] GAngle au relevage50 90 f 50 1
Angle au Levage 60 f
Mould area [m] A 10
Coefficient dynamique au dmoulage z 1.3
Spread angle factor at de-mould ( = 15,0) z 1,04
Coefficient dynamique au relevage 1.3
Spread angle factor at pitching ( = 0.0) z
Coefficient dynamique au levage 1,0 z
Spread angle factor on site ( = 30,0) z
Coefficient dadhrence [kN/m] q 1,161
Qt d'ancres pour le dmoulage N 4
Lifting load coefficient at de-mould f 1,3
Qt d'ancres pour le levage N
Lifting load coefficient at pitching f 1,3
Lifting load coefficient on site f le lieu de la fabrication:
Situation sur 1,3
Formwork adhesion factor [kN/m] q 1,0
- Llment prfabriqu plat est soulev du coffrage en acier huil,
Anchor number for de-mould n 4 ancres. En utilisant
4 un palonnier, on va viter que langle entre le c
Dans ce cas le coefficient de langle du cble est gal 1.04. Le coe
Anchor number for transport on site n 2
- Llment prfabriqu est relev de la position horizontale la positi
utilisant un palonnier, on va viter que langle entre le cble et le bto
coefficient de langle du cble est gal 1.00. Le coefficient dynamiq
(Attention au risque de dtrioration des bords ou utiliser des ancres

Situation sur le chantier:

- Llment est lev laide dune grue tour. Langle entre le cble e
cas le facteur de langle du cble est gal 1,16. Le facteur dynamiq

10
Lifting calculation method

SITUATION AT PRECAST FACTORY:

The element will be taken out of the oiled steel formwork with a portal crane. In free storage the facade
element will be brought to a vertical position. In the meantime, the element is brought in a vertical
position, there is worked with a lifting beam to prevent that the angle to the concrete becomes smaller
than 75 ( = 15,0). Hereby the element still rests on the floor so that the T- Slot-anchors only bear half
of the weight. Only when the element is in a vertical position it can be lifted and the T-Slot-anchors will be
loaded with the full weight. That is why the bringing of the element into a vertical position is not a
normative loading. Also when de-mould and directly bringing into a vertical position with the aid of 2 T-
Slot-anchors to the front side will not give a normative loading as well.
While lifting with a lifting beam: The angle to the concrete is about 90 ( = 0), the used T-Slot-anchor
spread angle factor will be z=1,0.
Will also be taken into account: a lifting load factor f=1,3.

SITUATION AT BUILDING SITE:

The element will be lifted with the aid of a turning crane. There is worked with 2 clutches and a lifting
beam to prevent that the angle to the concrete becomes about 60 ( = 30,0). The used spread angle
factor will be z=1,16.
Will also be taken into account: a lifting load factor of f=1,3.

DETERMINATION OF THE LIFTING FORCE F PER ANCHOR:

At precast factory : Ha = q x A = 1,0 x 5 x 2 = 10 kN


Force per anchor: F = (G + Ha) x f x z = (50 + 10) x 1,3 x 1,04 = 20,28 kN
n 4
At precast factory - pitching :
Force per anchor: F = (G/2 x f x z) = 50/2 x 1,3 x 1,0 = 16,25 kN
n 2
At building site :
Force per anchor: F = (G x f x z) = 50 x 1,3 x 1,16 = 37,70 kN
n 2
The floor element can be lifted with 4 T-Slot-anchors; Type T -25-120 in untreated, hot dip galvanized or in
stainless carbon steel.
The facade element can be lifted with 2 T-Slot-anchors type T -50-340 in untreated, hot dip galvanized or in
stainless carbon steel.

Chosen positions :
Length direction: ca. 1/5 of the length = 1,00 m from the edge.
Transverse direction: 1/4 of the length = 0,50 m from the edge.

11
D
S

Lifting calculation method


C

4) POUTRE PREFABRIQUEE VERTICALEMENT LEVAGE AXI


D. VERTICALLY PREFABRICATED BEAMS AXIAL LIFTING
Dimensions : 5,00 x 1,00 x 0,40 (m3) Do
Rsist
2 T-Slot-anchors for de-mould Poid
2 T-Slot-anchors for pitching, transport and mounting Surfa
Angle
= 25 kN/m An
Concrete strength class B45 Coefficient
Strength at de-mould 15 N/mm Coefficie
Coefficie
Weight : G= V x Qt d'an
G = 5,0 x 1,0 x 0,4 (m) x 25 (kN/m) = 50 kN Qt d'a

General dates Symbol De-mould Mount


Dimensions : 5.00 x 1.00 x 0.20 m
Concrete strength at de-mould [N/mm ] 15 B45
Rsistance du bton classe
Concrete strength on site [N/mm ] Rsistance du bton au dmoulage 15 MPa45
Poids: G= (5.00 x 1.0 x 0.2) m x 25 kN/m = 25 kN
Weight for element [kN] G 50
2 ancres dans la partie frontale pour le dmoulage et le levage.
Mould area [m ] A 2
Spread angle factor at de-mould ( = 0.0) z
Situation 1,0
sur le lieu de la fabrication:
- Llment prfabriqu est soulev du coffrage en bo
Spread angle factor on site ( = 0.0) z 1,0on va viter que la
ancres. En utilisant un palonnier,
Lifting load coefficient at de-mould f ce cas le coefficient de langle du cble est gal 1
1,3
Lifting load coefficient on site f
Situation sur le chantier: 1,3
- Llment est lev laide dune grue tour. En utili
Formwork adhesion factor [kN/m] q 3,0 infrieur 90 . Dans ce cas le facte
bton devienne
Anchor number for de-mould n est gal 1.3.
2
Anchor number for transport on site n
Dtermination de la force [F] par ancre: 2
Sur le lieu de fabrication au dcoffrage:
SITUATION AT PRECAST FACTORY: F = Ftot x f x z / n
F = (G + Ha) x f x z / n
The prefabricated element is lifted from the rough timber oiled mould with a tower crane and using 2 an-
chors. At lifting is used a lifting beam to prevent that the angle to the concrete becomes smaller
(25 + (3 than
x1)) x 1.00 90.
x1.3
Force par ancre: F = ____________________ = 18.2 kN
The angle to the concrete is about 90 ( = 0). The adhesion to mould factor is q=3. 2
Spread angle factor will be 1,00. Will also be taken into account: lifting load factor = 1,3.
Sur le chantier au levage:
F = Ftot x f x z / n
F=Gxfxz/n

25 x 1.00 x1.3
Force par ancre: F = ____________ = 16.25 kN
2

Choix des ancres :


Pour le dmoulage sur le lieu de fabrication et pour le levage sur

Choix de la position des ancres:


Dans la direction longitudinale: 1/5 de la longueur = 1,00 m du bo
Dans la direction transversale: la moiti de lpaisseur

12
Lifting calculation method

DETERMINATION OF THE LIFTING FORCE F PER ANCHOR:

At precast factory : Ha = q x A = 3,0 x 5 x 2 = 6 kN


Force per anchor: F = (G + Ha) x f x z = (50 + 6) x 1,3 x 1,0 = 36,4 kN
n 2

At building site :
Force per anchor: F = (G x f x z) = 50 x 1,3 x 1,0 = 32,5 kN
n 2

The situation at the prefab factory is for the choice of the loading class normative T-Slot-anchor: T -50 kN.

CONCLUSION :

The floor element can be lifted with 2 T-Slot-anchors type T -50-340 in untreated, galvanized or in stainless
carbon steel.

Chosen positions :
Length direction: 1/5 of the length = 1,00 m from the edge.
Transverse direction: in the middle of the material thickness.

5) POUTRE PREFABRIQUEE VERTICALEMENT LEVAG


E. VERTICALLY PREFABRICATED BEAMS INCLINED LIFTING
Dimensions : 5,00 x 1,00 x 0,40 (m3)
R
P
2 T-Slot-anchors for de-mould
2 T-Slot-anchors for pitching, transport and mounting Su
A
= 25 kN/m
Concrete strength class B45 Coefficie
Strength at de-mould 15 N/mm Coeffi
Fo
Weight : G= V x Qt d
G = 5,0 x 1,0 x 0,4 (m) x 25 (kN/m) = 50 kN Qt

Dimensions : 5.00 x 1.00 x 0.20 m


Rsistance du bton classe B45
Rsistance du bton au dmoulage 15 MPa
Poids: G= (5.00 x 1.0 x 0.2) m x 25 kN/m = 25 kN

2 ancres dans la partie frontale pour le dmoulage et le leva

Situation sur le lieu de la fabrication:


- Llment prfabriqu est soulev du coffrage
ancres. Langle entre le cble et le bton est
1.16. Le coefficient dynamique est gal 1.3.

Situation sur le chantier:


- Llment est lev laide dune grue tour. L
facteur de langle du cble est gal 1.16. Le
13
Dtermination de la force [F] par ancre:
Lifting calculation method

General dates Symbol De-mould Mount


Concrete strength at de-mould [N/mm ] 15
Concrete strength on site [N/mm ] 45
Weight for element [kN] G 50
Mould area [m ] A 2
Cable angle factor at de-mould ( = 30.0) z 1,16
Cable angle factor on site ( = 30.0) z 1,16
Lifting load coefficient at de-mould f 1,3
Lifting load coefficient on site f 1,3
Formwork adhesion factor [kN/m] q 3
Anchor number for de-mould n 2
Anchor number for transport on site n 2

SITUATION IN THE PREFAB FACTORY:

The prefabricated element is lifted from the rough timber oiled mould with a tower crane and us-
ing 2 anchors. At bringing in a vertical position there is worked with a spring that is used with a top an-
gle smaller than 60 ( = 30,0).The used cable angle factor will be 1,16. Will also be taken into account:
Lifting load factor f= 1,3. The adhesion to mould factor is q=3.

SITUATION AT THE BUILDING SITE:

On site the element is lifted with a tower crane at an angle = 30,0. In this case the cable angle factor
z=1,16 and the lifting load factor is f=1,3.

DETERMINATION OF THE LIFTING FORCE FPER ANCHOR:

In the prefab factory: Ha = q x A = 3 x 5 x 0,4 = 6 kN


Force per anchor: F = (G + Ha) x f x z = (50 + 6) x 1,3 x 1,16 = 42,22 kN
n 2
At the building site:
Force per anchor: F = (G x f x z) = 50 x 1,3 x 1,16 = 37,70 kN
n 2
The situation at the prefab factory is for the choice of the loading class normative T-Slot-anchor: T -50 kN.

Chosen positions:
Length direction: 1/5 of the length = 1,00 m from the edge.
Transverse direction: in the middle of the material thickness.

14
Lifting calculation method

15
Lifting calculation method

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