1 views

Uploaded by erpublication

.

- Tabela Capacidade Calandra DAVI
- SP6 (6) 1972
- 2014 FSAE Structural Equivalency Spreadsheet V1.2
- Lug Design
- Review of the Performance of High of High Strength Steels Used Offshore
- Sama Wira Mulpha Industires
- Design
- 318446274 Failure Static Loading Ppt
- 150601_J-560M_물성(영문_ASTM_단위통합)
- IRJET-Evaluation of metal matrix composition for steering knuckle using medium leaded brass UNS C34000
- Sp6_6 Stral Hand Book
- Fatigue behaviour of steel fibre reinforced concrete – a Review
- reportBakker.pdf
- Blodgett Lincoln Solutions to Design of Weldments 8
- 13 Seismic Behavior of Reinforced Concrete Buildings
- Lamp Ro Poulos 2016
- Strut and Tie Model Analysis of Prestressed Deep beams
- NS22-1cncrtdesign_3
- Park Japan Presentation Final
- Tall Buildings Bad Welds

You are on page 1of 3

Shear Failure Model

Vinod Kumar Kardam, R. S. Ojha

antedates the shear failure. Also, shear design is major

Abstract Since a number of parameters like shear capacity, important factor in concrete structure since strength of

shear displacement, shear stiffness etc. are involved in concrete in tension is lower than its strength in compressions.

calculation of nonlinear shear hinge parameters; therefore it is However, past earthquakes reveal that majority of the

very difficult to predict the same.

reinforced concrete (RC) structures failed due to shear. Indian

As shear failure are brittle in nature, designer must ensure that

shear failure can never occur, otherwise the concerned building

construction practice does not guaranty safety against shear.

is going to collapse suddenly without giving any warning.

Designer has to design the sections such that flexural failure

(ductile mode of failure) precedes the shear failure. Also design

code does not permit shear failure. However, past earthquakes

reveal that majority of the reinforced concrete (RC) structures

failed due to shear.

It is unfortunate that the Indian construction practice does not

guaranty safety against shear. Therefore accurate modelling of

shear failure is almost certain for seismic evaluation of RC

framed building.

The primary objective of the present work is to develop

nonlinear force-deformation model for reinforced concrete Fig.1.: Nonlinear models for Moment v/s Rotations

section for shear and demonstrate the importance of modelling

shear hinge in seismic evaluation of RC framed building. From

the existing literature it is found that equations given in Indian Fig. 1. presents a typical nonlinear moment rotation curve for

Standard IS-456: 2000 and American Standard ACI-318: 2008 RC member. Alternative methods are available in literature to

represent good estimate of ultimate strength. However, calculate the important points required to define the nonlinear

FEMA-356 recommends ignoring concrete contribution in shear moment rotation curve for any section. In the conventional

strength calculation for ductile beam under earthquake loading. analysis the sections are generally considered to be elastic in

No clarity is found regarding yield strength from the literature. shear although this not true. Therefore, the primary objective

Priestley et al. (1996) is reported to be most effective for of the present work is to develop nonlinear force-deformation

calculating shear displacement yield whereas model proposed by model for RC rectangular section for shear

Park and Paulay (1975) is most effective in predicting the

ultimate shear displacements for beams and columns.

Combining these models shear hinge properties can be

calculated. II. SHEAR CAPACITY MODEL

To demonstrate the importance of modelling shear hinges, an The shear capacity of a section is the maximum amount of

existing RC framed building is selected. Two building models, shear the section can withstand before failure. Based on

one with shear hinge and other without shear hinges, have been

theoretical concept and experimental data researchers

analysed using nonlinear static (pushover) analysis.

developed many equations to predict shear capacity but no

This study found that modelling shear hinges is necessary to

correctly evaluate strength and ductility of the building. When unique solutions are available. Several equations are available

analysis ignores shear failure model it overestimates the base to determine shear capacity of RC section, i.e., ACI 318:2005

shear and roof displacement capacity of the building. The results equations, Zsuttys equation (1968,1971) and Kim and White

obtained here show that the presence of shear hinge can equation (1991) etc. To verify the applicability of these

correctly reveal the non-ductile failure mode of the building equations experimental study was carried out by several

researchers on rectangular RC beam with and without web

Index TermsFEMA-356, Reinforced Concrete, RC. reinforcement. Three parameters: cylindrical compressive

strength (fc), longitudinal reinforcement ratio () and shear

I. INTRODUCTION span-to-depth ratio (a/d) are considered for developing

The problem of shear is not yet fully understood due to equations for estimating shear strength of RC section without

involvement of number of parameters. In earthquake web reinforcement.

resistance structure heavy emphasis is placed on ductility.

Hence designer must ensure that shear failure can never occur Factors affecting shear capacity of beam

as it is a brittle mode of failure. Designer has to design the

sections such that flexural failure (ductile mode of failure) There are several parameters that affect the shear capacity of

RC sections without web reinforcement. Following is a list of

important parameters that can influence shear capacity of RC

Vinod Kumar Kardam, M.Tech in Civil Engineering in Mewar

University Rajsthan section considerably:

228 www.erpublication.org

Seismic Evaluation of R/C Framed Building Using Shear Failure Model

2-Tension steel ratio () Span = 3 m.

Shear span to depth ratio = 3.6

3-Compressive strength of Concrete (fc) Top reinforcement = 3 numbers of 12 mm bars

(3Y12)

4-Size of coarse aggregate Bottom reinforcement = 3 numbers of 16 mm bars

(3Y16)

5-Density of concrete Web reinforcement = 2 legged 8 mm stirrups at 150

mm c/c

6-Size of beam

Shear span = 810 mm.

7-Tensile strength of concrete Maximum aggregate size = 40 mm.

Grade of materials = M 20 grade of concrete and Fe

8-Support conditions 415 grade of reinforcing steel.

shear forces are represented by V. The application of forces in

such a manner causes the top of the element to slide with

respect to the bottom. The displaced shape is shown by the

dashed lines and the corresponding displacement is known as

shear displacement depicted by (). Shear displacements over Fig.2 . Test beam section considered for the comparison.

the height of the element are generally expressed in terms of

shear strain () which is ratio of shear displacement to height VI. PLASTIC HINGE MECHANISM

of the element and is a better representation of shear effect.

The effect of the shear forces translates into tension along the Sequences of plastic hinge formation are presented .

diagonal, which can be visualized by resolving the shear Performance levels of the plastic hinges are shown using

forces along the principal direction. As the concrete is weak colour code. The global yielding point corresponds to the

in tension, it is susceptible to cracks in the direction displacement on the capacity curve where the system starts to

perpendicular to the tensile load, which creates diagonal soften. The ultimate point is considered at a displacement

cracking well known to be associated with shear. The when lateral load capacity suddenly drops. Plastic hinges

corresponding displacement is known as shear displacement formation first occurs in beam ends and columns of lower

(). stories, then extended to upper stories and continue with

yielding of interior intermediate columns.

IV. MODELS FOR SHEAR DISPLACEMENT AT YIELD

Most of the models available in literature are developed to

predict shear displacement at yield point. The reason for

concentrating on yield point is mainly because some of the

shear strength models use displacement ductility as a measure

of shear strength. Displacement ductility is defined as ratio of

ultimate displacement to yield displacement. Thus it is

necessary to predict displacement at yield more accurately Fig.3 At Step# 4 (973.4 kN, 57.8 mm)

with better knowledge of all its components including flexure,

bar-slip and shear displacement. The following models are

developed to calculate the shear displacement at yield. These

models are applicable for both beam and column with web

reinforcement.

SHEAR DISPLACEMENT

shear displacement at yield and ultimate point, a test beam

section is considered and shear displacement for this beam Fig.4 At Step# 2 (757.5 kN, 32.2 mm)

section is calculated using all the equation presented above.

The details of the test section are given below. VII. CONCLUSIONS

Details:

Shear strength

Type of the Section: Simply supported beam FEMA-356 does not consider contribution of concrete in

subjected to one point load. shear strength calculation for beam under earthquake loading

229 www.erpublication.org

International Journal of Engineering and Technical Research (IJETR)

ISSN: 2321-0869, Volume-3, Issue-5, May 2015

for moderate to high ductility. Contribution of web

reinforcement in shear strength given in IS-456: 2000 and

ACI-318: 2008 represent ultimate strength

The model by Sezen (2002) is based on regression analysis of

test data Model by Panagiotakos and Fardis (2001) is simple

but it is reported to be overestimating the shear displacement.

Model proposed by Gerin and Adebar (2004) is reported to be

underestimating the shear displacements at yield. Priestley et

al. (1996) is reported to be most effective for calculating shear

displacement at yield for beams and columns.

REFERENCES

concrete frame structures, Asian journal of civil engineering

(building and housing) Vol. 9, No.1, pp. 75-83, 2008.

[2] A.Ghaffar, A.Javed, H.Rehman, K.Ahmed and M hyas,

Development of shear capacity equations for rectangular reinforced

beams, Park J Eng. & appl.Sci.Vol.6, pp.

[3] ACI 318, Building Code Requirements for Reinforced Concrete,

American Concrete Institute, Detroit, Michigan, 2002.

[4] Alexander Placas and Paul E. Regan and A.L.L Baker, "Shear

failure of reinforced concrete beams," ACI journal, title No.68-67,

pp.763-773, October 1971.

[5] Applied Technology Council (ATC-40), Seismic evaluation and

retrofit of concrete buildings, Vol.1& 2, California, 1996.

[6] ASCE-ACI Task Committee 426, The Shear Strength of

Reinforced Concrete Members, ASCE Journal of Structural Div.,

Vol. 99, pp. 1091-1187, June 1973.

[7] Bazant Z P and Kazemi M T, Size effect on diagonal shear failure

of beams without stirrups, ACI Structural Journal, 88(3),

pp.268276, 1991

[8] Bazant Z P and Sun H H, Size effect in diagonal shear failure:

influence of aggregate size and stirrups, ACI Materials Journal,

84(4) pp. 259272, 1987.

[9] Bazant, Z. P., Yu and Qiang, Design Against Size Effect on Shear

Strength of Reinforced Concrete Beams without Stirrups. Structural

Engineering Report No.03-02/A466s, Northwestern University,

Evanston, Illions, 2003.

[10] BS 8110-1, Structural use of concrete, Part 1: Code of Practice for

Design and Construction, British Standards Institution, London,

1997.

University Rajsthan

R. S. Ojha Professor in Mewar University

230 www.erpublication.org

- Tabela Capacidade Calandra DAVIUploaded byWesleySofir
- SP6 (6) 1972Uploaded bySourabhAdike
- 2014 FSAE Structural Equivalency Spreadsheet V1.2Uploaded byHomer Silva
- Lug DesignUploaded byNaman Dugar
- Sama Wira Mulpha IndustiresUploaded bylbhock123
- Review of the Performance of High of High Strength Steels Used OffshoreUploaded byEmad A.Ahmad
- DesignUploaded byShabib Ahmed
- 318446274 Failure Static Loading PptUploaded byoperationmanager
- 150601_J-560M_물성(영문_ASTM_단위통합)Uploaded byVu Thanh Thuong
- IRJET-Evaluation of metal matrix composition for steering knuckle using medium leaded brass UNS C34000Uploaded byIRJET Journal
- Sp6_6 Stral Hand BookUploaded byproxywar
- Fatigue behaviour of steel fibre reinforced concrete – a ReviewUploaded byIRJET Journal
- reportBakker.pdfUploaded byShaileshRastogi
- Blodgett Lincoln Solutions to Design of Weldments 8Uploaded bymazitiamo
- 13 Seismic Behavior of Reinforced Concrete BuildingsUploaded byAngel Rejas Ponce
- Lamp Ro Poulos 2016Uploaded byEvonne Lee
- Strut and Tie Model Analysis of Prestressed Deep beamsUploaded byKannan Chandrabhanu
- NS22-1cncrtdesign_3Uploaded byuserhie
- Park Japan Presentation FinalUploaded byMr-Bing Bing
- Tall Buildings Bad WeldsUploaded byrubenmena1
- MIET 2136 Lecture 6 - Key, Spline, Pin and Set Screw - Tutorial QuestionsUploaded bySayeedIshtiaque
- j.aej.2010.12.003Uploaded byAndriBenz
- WCEE2012_0979Uploaded byEknath Talele
- dfgfet.pdfUploaded bymortada Jasim
- assignment 03 solution(3)Uploaded byapi-283240283
- Lect18-Steel Constructions-materials and BeamsUploaded byChris
- Kuliah7cUploaded byAnggi Novi Andri
- PM-1Uploaded byabhi858
- Paper 058Uploaded byمحمد تانزيم ابراهيم
- 3094hwECBUploaded byradarski

- IJETR033079Uploaded byerpublication
- IJETR033013Uploaded byerpublication
- IJETR033040Uploaded byerpublication
- IJETR033060Uploaded byerpublication
- IJETR033051Uploaded byerpublication
- IJETR033043Uploaded byerpublication
- IJETR033069Uploaded byerpublication
- IJETR033082Uploaded byerpublication
- IJETR033077Uploaded byerpublication
- IJETR033063Uploaded byerpublication
- IJETR033055Uploaded byerpublication
- IJETR033053Uploaded byerpublication
- IJETR033062Uploaded byerpublication
- IJETR033049Uploaded byerpublication
- IJETR033054Uploaded byerpublication
- IJETR033050Uploaded byerpublication
- IJETR032923Uploaded byerpublication
- IJETR033047Uploaded byerpublication
- IJETR033035Uploaded byerpublication
- IJETR033037Uploaded byerpublication
- IJETR033033Uploaded byerpublication
- IJETR033012Uploaded byerpublication
- Research paper on image matchingUploaded byVibhaBhat
- IJETR032922Uploaded byerpublication
- IJETR033011Uploaded byerpublication
- Charts for Cofficents of Moments for Continous BeamsUploaded byfat470
- IJETR033010Uploaded byerpublication
- IJETR032909Uploaded byerpublication
- IJETR032918Uploaded byerpublication
- IJETR032920Uploaded byerpublication

- Diseño de Calderas Sismos de Larga DuracionUploaded bycontrerasc_sebastian988
- Quality Assurance Reference GuideUploaded byKaushik Sengupta
- Short Course IMF and SMF ConnectionUploaded byNugraha Bintang
- 11 energy methodsUploaded bytigin
- 33_ch9.pdfUploaded byharwinder
- BS EN 1562-1997Uploaded bySrinivasan Krishnamoorthy
- Soil Dynamics using FlacUploaded byVivian Kallou
- Flexural behaviour of reinforced Geopolymer concrete beamsUploaded bynvnrev
- ASABE PE REVIEWMACHINE DESIGNUploaded bypeagriculture
- Tie Requirements for RC Columns Bresler Gilbert ACI SJ 1961Uploaded byoggy1844
- Selected Bldg Tech QuestionsUploaded bySheena Lou Sangalang
- GEASUploaded byRobert E Xanadu
- E Glasurrheologie[1]Uploaded byerrairachid
- Comparative analysis of collapse loads of slabs supported on orthogonal Sided frames with beam/column joint fixedUploaded byPeertechz Publications Inc.
- 13 Chapter 4Uploaded byafnene1
- ibr_forms.docUploaded byJai Patel
- 01 -Keynote - Haki 2018 Papertaylor to HakiUploaded byWayanArtana
- BondekPerformanceJanuary2010.pdfUploaded byAnonymous dWa1xtpKmf
- steel properties.xlsUploaded byTill
- SA08_Blast_H_Hao_2Uploaded byMena M. Zaki
- Plastics and FrictionUploaded bymattgrubbs
- Study Material Classxiphy Unit 5 10Uploaded byAsit Kumar Roy
- Stress Analysis on Transmission Gears of a Rotary Tiller Using Finite Element Method-libreUploaded byMaria Cutajar
- Rezistenta metalelorUploaded byion_sen
- F409 Suntuf Install-1!21!11Uploaded bynickadomas
- BUET QUESTION OF 2015-2016 (L-2 T-1) -CEUploaded byPicasso Debnath
- PaperUploaded byParth Vaswani
- Ramberg OsgoodUploaded byim4uim4uim4uim4u
- Mech-V-Design of Machine Elements i [10me52]-SolutionUploaded byTolbert D'Souza
- Thermal CuttingUploaded bySarah