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partially filled circular conduit by using integration

Abbas Hadi Abbas, Mohammed A. Hassan

level is presented by Shun Dar Lin (2) as illustrated below

Abstract This paper is accomplished to develop new :A -schematic pipe cross section is shown in figure(1).The

mathematical approach to calculate hydraulic radius(R) for angle() ,flow area(A) ,wetted perimeter (P) and hydraulic

partially filled circular pipe(sewer) with water or sewage by radius (R) can be determine by the following equation:

integration .An example is solved by using this method .As

comparison with previous method, the results were accurate and

this approach is suitable for all variable depths in a pipe .

perimeter

I. INTRODUCTION

Most sewers are designed to flow as open channel and not

under pressure. Even though may flow fall at times(1).The

condition of partially filled conduit are frequently

encountered in environmental engineering practicalary in the

case of sewer lines. In a conduit flowing partly full, the fluid is

at atm pressure and flow is the same as in open channel (2).It

is frequently necessary to determine the velocity and depth of

sewage in a pipe which is flowing partially full(2).Several Figure (1) flow in partially filled circular pipe(2)

equations are used to this purpose which are Chezy equation,

Hazen-williams equation and Manning equation. Manning's For angle

equation is used widely to determine velocity through the

pipes as shown below:

,where :

V:Mean velocity (ft/s).

n: Manning's coefficient of roughness.

R:Hydraulic radius ,the hydraulic radius is defined as the

water (or sewage) cross-sectional area (A) divided by wetted

perimeter (P) ).For circular pressure pipe ,if (D) is the

diameter of the pipe the radius (R) is :

(ft)

the pipe is full flow ,and 2)when the pipe is half flow.

In the case of the sewage is upper or lower than the diameter

horizontal level ,the hydraulic radius (R) will not equal to

(D/4) and then mathematical solution for this problem should

be required to calculate the flow area (A) and wetted

perimeter (P) and then hydraulic radius (R).

S:Slope of energy gradient line (ft/ft).

for flow in partially filled circular pipe under horizontal

Abbas Hadi Abbas, Lecturer, Dept. of CEE-University of Samarra Thus , the flow area (A) , the wetted perimeter (P) and then

Mohammed A. Hassan, Asst. Lecturer, Dept. of CEE-University of

Samarra hydraulic radius (R) can mathematically calculated (2).

95 www.erpublication.org

New Approach for calculating hydraulic radius for partially filled circular conduit by using integration

RADIUS (R) BY INTEGRATION

integration gives exact results compared with the equation

presented by Shun Dar Lin. A -schematic pipe cross section is

shown in figure(2) to drive a new approach .The flow area(A)

,wetted perimeter (P) and hydraulic radius (R) can be

determine by the following equations:

driving formula

The equation of the circle with radius (r)and its center at the

origin is

,

the length of one part can be fined and then multiplying the

Figure (2) flow in partially filled circular pipe to drive a new result by (2)

approach

take ,

The hydraulic radius

First, a formula of the flow area (A) is derived :

The equation of the circle with radius (r)and its center at the

origin is

, , ,

when ,

when ,

,using methods of

integration by subsitute

, ,

when ,

when ,

for one part

Total wetted perimeter (P) is multiplying by (2)

96 www.erpublication.org

International Journal of Engineering and Technical Research (IJETR)

ISSN: 2321-0869 (O) 2454-4698 (P), Volume-3, Issue-8, August 2015

Example: Assume a 24-in diameter sewer concrete pipe

(n=0.012) is placed on a slope 0f 2.5in 1000.The depth of the

sewer flow is 10-in.What is the average velocity?

V. CONCLUSION

radius is very accurate and it may used as alternative in lieu

of previous mathematical equations.

2)The new mathematical approach can be used for different

depths of sewages in pipe.

REFERENCES

[1] E. W. Steel an Terence j.McGhee" Water supply and sewerage" ,5th

edition ,1979,Mc Graw Hill.

[2] Shun Dar Lin"Water and waste water calculations manual"2th

edition,2007, McGraw Hill.

[3] General establishment for technical education -Saudia

Arab.Kingdom"Water and waste water networks"

-M.Sc. in Environmental Engineering-University of Technology, Baghdad-

Iraq, 2005.Consultant Engineer at Iraqi Engineers Union

Mohammed A. Hassan:

-M.Sc. in Civil Engineering /structures - University of Tikrit, Iraq , 2013.

Calculate V

97 www.erpublication.org

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