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Process Name

:
TOWER PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Process Owner:
NTC DIRECTOR OF ENGINEERING / OPERATIONS

Document Revision No: 00

Tower
Preventive
Maintenance
Manual

Prepared by Reviewed by Approved by

AHMAD ZAIRE IR. NALINI IR. NALINI
BIN MOHAMAD KUMARI KUMARI

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Process Name:
TOWER PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Process Owner:
NTC DIRECTOR OF ENGINEERING / OPERATIONS

Document Revision No: 00

History Record

Date Version Item Change record Requester Approval

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Process Name:
TOWER PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Process Owner:
NTC DIRECTOR OF ENGINEERING / OPERATIONS

Document Revision No: 00

Table of Contents

History Record ................................................................................................................ 2
1. Glossary ................................................................................................................. 4
2. Objective ................................................................................................................ 5
3. Roles & Responsibility............................................................................................ 6
4. Process Flow.......................................................................................................... 7
5. Procedures, Guidance and Requirement ............................................................... 9
6. Forms ................................................................................................................... 26
7. Appendix .............................................................................................................. 37

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Glossary Short Full Form Form BS British Standard (i. BS8110) DCA Department of Civil Aviation GBT Ground Based Tower IBS In-Building System ICAO International Civial Aviation Organization NTC National Tower Company OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration PPE Personnel Protective Equipment RTC Regional Tower Company RTT Roof Top Tower TIA Telecommunication Industry Association TPM Tower Preventive Manual Page 4 of 39 .e BS8100. Process Name: TOWER PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE MANUAL Process Owner: NTC DIRECTOR OF ENGINEERING / OPERATIONS Document Revision No: 00 1.

Whenever there is a need for deviation from the specific guidelines outlined in this TPM Manual. Nevertheless. it has to be in accordance with the each country’s requirement. Page 5 of 39 . Process Name: TOWER PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE MANUAL Process Owner: NTC DIRECTOR OF ENGINEERING / OPERATIONS Document Revision No: 00 2. Based on the TIA guideline. The purpose of this TPM Manual is to:  Define TPM specification and requirements. Objective This TPM Manual is to be used by all employees working for or on behalf of edotco to standardize all tower preventive maintenance practices during operational and maintenance activities. This TPM Manual is based on TIA-222-G: Structural Standard for Antenna Supporting Structures and Antennas. major routine inspections shall be performed at least once in every 3 years for guyed towers and every 5 years for self-supporting towers PROVIDED that the first thorough check of the structure should be carried out 6 months after its installation and erection. Shorter inspection intervals of 2 years for guyed towers and three years for self- supporting towers shall be obligatory for structures in coastal salt water environments. in corrosive atmospheres. basic inspection for preventive maintenance is still be required to be carried out on annual basis. and in areas that are prone to vandalism. regulations and standard. edotco OSHA policy.  Lay down the basic TPM Rules to be complied by all employees and persons on edotco’s behalf. rules.  Provide Specific TPM related practices and procedures to ensure our tower and site are compliance with rules. regulations and standard. relevant design codes. governance and good practices.

Roles & Responsibility Accountable / Dept/Unit/PIC Responsible / Recommend Inform Approve Director of Regional Head of Asset To revise and alter the TPM All NTC Director Engineering Integrity (Group) Manual of Operations (Group) Regional Head of Director of Engineering To review and approve the Chief Executive Asset Integrity (Group) TPM Manual Officer (Group) (Group) To plan and manage TPM to Director of Operations All NTC NTC Country be executed at NTC level (NTC) Operations Teams Manager based on TPM manual Page 6 of 39 . Process Name: TOWER PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE MANUAL Process Owner: NTC DIRECTOR OF ENGINEERING / OPERATIONS Document Revision No: 00 3.

Process Flow Page 7 of 39 . Process Name: TOWER PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE MANUAL Process Owner: NTC DIRECTOR OF ENGINEERING / OPERATIONS Document Revision No: 00 4.

Process Name: TOWER PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE MANUAL Process Owner: NTC DIRECTOR OF ENGINEERING / OPERATIONS Document Revision No: 00 Page 8 of 39 .

For the purposes of the design code. For towers containing welded details. For towers entirely of bolted or riveted construction of steel of up to 450 N/mm2 yield stress. The Telecommunications Industry Association produced the Structural Standard for Antenna Supporting Structures and Antennas (TIA-222-G is the current revision) which. or (b) the tower is constructed of steel of yield stress greater than 355 N/mm2. In other words. is taken as the intended period of service of the tower. However. and or the adequacy of the maintenance after its erection.1 General Requirement 5. the reliability of a tower depends in part on the quality of the materials and workmanship used in its construction. For towers constructed of other metallic materials. in addition to Page 9 of 39 . provide consistent reliability beyond the period of its design service life.1 THE CODE AND THE IMPORTANCE OF MAINTENANCE EXECUTION In order to select appropriate safety factors to be applied in design to the loadings defined in the design code. the design service life. specialist advice should be sought with regard to fatigue life. in years. A tower designed in accordance with BS8100. It is also depend on the quality of materials and workmanship specified and achieved in construction. is.1. The factors adopted should take into account the risk to life in the event of a collapse and the potential economic or strategic consequences of failure. that period being used only as a basis for the economic assessment of the appropriate annual risk of failure. Guidance and Requirement 5. Process Name: TOWER PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE MANUAL Process Owner: NTC DIRECTOR OF ENGINEERING / OPERATIONS Document Revision No: 00 5. consideration should be given to the reliability required of a tower during its intended period of service. the fatigue life should be evaluated when either: (a) the design life is greater than 30 years. if adequately maintained. caution should be exercised in the design of all welded structures and due account taken of the welded details adopted. Procedures. the fatigue life may be assumed to exceed 50 years.

outlines a recommended schedule for tower inspections. All employees and contractors are required to report any defect condition and not limited to unused/ malfunction items or structures that can lead to any harm/ site injuries/ safety issues. Any changes and new information are required to be recorded. Also. environmental and legal issues. It will however subject to each country’s legal and technical requirement.1. antenna and associated equipment.2 LOCAL RULES AND REGULATIONS Building a new tower or collocating an antenna on an existing structure requires compliance with the local authority’s governing rules and regulation. In general.1. Process Name: TOWER PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE MANUAL Process Owner: NTC DIRECTOR OF ENGINEERING / OPERATIONS Document Revision No: 00 procedure.3 ASSET INTEGRITY COMPLIANCE All structures and infrastructures should be in safe operation condition including load requirement. the country managers are required to take all necessary actions and plans to ensure that all activities carried out at country level are in line with the group policy and best practices. All country managers are required to ensure that the organization they led to follow these regulatory processes ensure that appropriate measures are taken to protect the company from any safety. but is recommended annually for coastal areas that are subject to corrosive salt air and high winds. clients and others must devote their complete attention whenever they are Page 10 of 39 . 5.4 TOWER SAFETY Safety is a primary consideration to which all personnel including the edotco employees. tower. This is typically every three years for a guyed tower and five years for a self-support tower. mast and antenna support structure on any building or roof the Commission shall be provided with a structural engineer's certification that the structure will support and not be adversely affected by the proposed mast. 5. 5. proper tower maintenance will significantly influence to maximize the lifespan of the tower. This TPM Manual is to be taken as a guideline for each country operational and engineering teams to follow. contractors.1. Prior to the installation of a tower.

The elevation and potential electrical hazards associated with tower inspection. All country managers should consider it their first priority. Therefore. 5. Based on the TIA guideline. maintenance. Any type of works including the routine inspection and maintenance work are required to be carried out in accordance with edotco safety policy. In this way it will be possible to provide for the timely detection and correction of deficiencies before major tower maintenance or repair become necessary. where the antenna system is concerned. A safety helmet is required to be worn by any person within the tower drop zone. both costs and off-air time will be minimized. and repair require adoption of extraordinary safety measures in order to protect the climbers from avoidable accidents. major routine inspections shall be performed at least once in every 3 years for guyed towers and every 5 years for self-supporting towers PROVIDED that the first thorough check of the structure should be carried out 6 months after its installation and erection. Process Name: TOWER PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE MANUAL Process Owner: NTC DIRECTOR OF ENGINEERING / OPERATIONS Document Revision No: 00 climbing a tower or are in the immediate vicinity of a tower of any height. Shorter inspection intervals of 2 years for guyed towers and three years for self- Page 11 of 39 . precautionary measures must be taken to protect the tower structure itself from damage. Safety precautions also include the use of appropriate personnel protective equipment (PPE) to include the wearing of safety helmets. maintenance. repair or inspection shall use fall protection when working on any telecommunication structure.1 INSPECTION FREQUENCY AND EFFORT Inspection on a periodic basis is the most effective way to protect the towers/ structures. eye protection. it is highly recommended that the annual inspection for the preventive maintenance purposes should be carried out for each country. to establish a sound inspection program utilizing all of the expertise available.2 Routine Inspection and Assessment 5. Towers are classified as elevated structures as defined by OSHA. safety footwear. which is an area whose radius is 1/2 the height of the tower and centered on the tower axis. With early detection and correction. and protective clothing to protect personnel from injury while in the vicinity of a tower. guidelines and manual. All personnel engaging in construction.2. In addition.

and the magnitude of the original capital investment. making allowances for local conditions. expertise availability. However.) and condition of the structural supports or plumb. 5. Page 12 of 39 . (ii) Base foundation and concrete blocks  Check general site condition (standing water. Almost complete reliance is placed on visual inspection methods. Process Name: TOWER PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE MANUAL Process Owner: NTC DIRECTOR OF ENGINEERING / OPERATIONS Document Revision No: 00 supporting towers shall be obligatory for structures in coastal salt water environments. because of seasonal storm cycles. There must not be any water collection. holed nor spitted and replace all defective parts. nuts and lock nuts for tightness  Ensure that there is no structural deterioration to concrete bases and/or anchorages which affects structural integrity. in corrosive atmospheres. regardless of the ability of the inspector. and in areas that are prone to vandalism.  Check bolts. expenses involved.  Check the condition of aboveground concrete block parts. pipe lattice parts are not blocked. A hurried or superficial inspection cannot produce the desired result. chipped or broken concrete. antenna systems should be carefully inspected about once per year. There must not be any stagnant water. The quality of an inspection is only as good as the personnel performing the inspection. cracking or splitting.2 ANNUAL INSPECTION FOR PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE The following annual inspection guidelines for preventive maintenance shall be carried out annually : (i) Main structure  Check geometry of the structure and structural members  Check that there are no structural components missing  Check that bars are neither warped.  Check for ground settlement or movement  Check anchor-bolt and connection erosion and corrosion.2. drainage.  Check all structural components are not broken or oxidized  Check that draining holes on pipe leg members. Inspectors should be guided by detailed information contained in this Manual. etc.

 Check all bolts.  Check the condition of structural members for corrosion. etc)  Check for signs of corrosion and take remedial timely steps  Check that the guy wire tightening system is properly greased. etc is missing. (iv) Guy wires (for guy wired towers/structures)  Check that each cable that is part of the guy wire is neither broken nor warped  Check guy wires condition (corrosion. Process Name: TOWER PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE MANUAL Process Owner: NTC DIRECTOR OF ENGINEERING / OPERATIONS Document Revision No: 00 (iii) Connection and bolting parts  Check that the main structure and it’s connections are in the right position and all bolts are adequately tightened and neither the connecting components are missing  Check that no bolts or nuts or any bolting part like washers. antenna. Replace these immediately.  Please check and report if there is any unused equipment or antenna or its’ parts have been left installed. (vi) Salty environment (for the coastal salt water environment)  Wash the structure and accessories with clean water once every six months to eliminate residue salt particles which may not be washed away by rain. pins. erosion and coating. catwalks for safety and integrity Page 13 of 39 .  Check for loose or missing fasteners  Ensure anchor head is clear of earth  Check base for settlement. accessories and its supports are in good condition and right direction. kinks. platforms. (vii) Safety components  Check the climbing facilities. nuts and bolting parts for corrosion. breaks. movement or earth cracks  Check backfill heaped over concrete for water shedding (v) Antennas and Accessories  Inspect that microwave dish.  Check the number of antenna and accessories to review the status of ownership and tenancy for the colocation. nicks. Check that fixing clamps are in good condition  Inspect that coaxial cables/feeders cables are in good condition.

(viii) Lightning and Earthing system  Check that all lightning and earthing components are existing and complete including lightning arrestor.  Check that access ladder is in good repair and condition. malfunction. emergency and hazardous signs are provided  Check all site security elements and components are existing.  Ensure the work platform's trap can open and close.  Check the earthing connection of coaxial cables  Check the physical condition of the lightning rod and lightning arrestor  Check the physical condition and installation of the copper strip  Check the connection of the concrete block copper belting onto the copper strip the connection of coaxial cables earthing onto the copper strip  Check the connection between the bottom coaxial cable earthing and the collection copper bar fixed on the concrete block  Check the tightening of the brass bolts of the lightning protection electrodes (ix) Aviation Safety Light  Check that all components are in place. without any obstruction.  Check that the anti-climbing mechanical tool is functioning. malfunction or defects?  Address any safety concerns or hazards prior to proceeding especially with regards to the access to our asset/site. re-tighten all bolts  Check the functioning of the fall arrestor system. etc). wear and tear  Ensure that anti climb door can open and close. Process Name: TOWER PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE MANUAL Process Owner: NTC DIRECTOR OF ENGINEERING / OPERATIONS Document Revision No: 00  Check rest and work platforms for defects. locking system. and connection plate. Check if there is enough space and it must be safe for maneuvering and movement purposes. copper strip. faulty and defective items or structures that can lead to any harm or site injuries or safety issues.  Check if there is any safety. complete and in good condition. No known safety hazards before service personnel are allowed to access towers/structure. maintained and in good condition. Clean and grease all door hinges. (including fencing.  For a fall arrestor system with cable. Check tower ladder for any signs of weakness. Please report if there is any damage.  Check if there is any unused. Page 14 of 39 . Clean and grease all hinges. Check if the climbing system is properly installed. check that the cable has not been over tightened.

change all bulbs at the same time immediately before the rated service hours is achieved. faulty and defective items which have not been replaced.  Check ICAO Colour marking conditions (xi) General Site Condition  Check the condition of the site surrounding. check for corrosion on the entire guy assembly. check oxidization of wires. energy cables. (xii) Log Book  A Log Book shall be maintained in which all maintenance checks made will be documented.  Please address if there is any areas or aspects which related to the site condition which require our attention for asset integrity. Have they been properly maintained?  Do we have any unused wires. Process Name: TOWER PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE MANUAL Process Owner: NTC DIRECTOR OF ENGINEERING / OPERATIONS Document Revision No: 00  Check condition and well-functioning of components (Light bulb. etc. bolting accessories. and fasteners weather tight and secure  Check bulb condition . of the bolts.  For masts with guidewires.  For guyed masts. harnesses.  Check oxidization of the structure. antenna supports. fixing parts. Page 15 of 39 . equipment’s parts or waste items scattered in our boundary/area?  Please check and report if there is any vandalism act and theft activities. photoelectric cell. alarms and photo control  Check the condition of electrical wires. lawn and grass growing area.  Condition and fidelity of the power supply systems (x) Coating and anti corrosion protection  Inspect the paint condition of the structure (if applicable)  Check all galvanized members for integrity  Check for signs of rust and corrosion on the structure. and accessories. flashers. security or safety reasons. junction boxes. bolting parts. connections)  Check the functionality of controllers. connectors and earthing cables  Check the condition and fixing of energy cables  Check the condition of conduit.  Please check and report if there is any malfunction.

platform.  Failure to keep or make a Log Book available to the Commission as above shall constitute an offence. etc. what was checked. Process Name: TOWER PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE MANUAL Process Owner: NTC DIRECTOR OF ENGINEERING / OPERATIONS Document Revision No: 00  The contents of the Log Book shall include: date of checks. bracing system. observations of the check. If no information available. Page 16 of 39 . 5. and name and signature of the personnel that conducted the check.  The Log Book shall be made available to the Commission or its due representative on demand. Please produce a single drawings that are showing the member sizing and details. take site and member sizing measurement including the main legs/structure.  Check tower/structure’s verticality with the appropriate devices such as theodolite that the structure stands in a vertical position. The following guidelines are supplement to the annual preventive maintenance inspection checklist: (i) Main structure  Execute the checklist of the annual preventive maintenance inspection.2.3 ROUTINE CONSECUTIVE INSPECTION The routine consecutive inspection shall be carried out during the service life of the Structure based on the table below which is showing a cycle of years required for inspection : Self-Supporting No Type of environment Guyed Towers / Structures Towers / Structures 1 Normal environment 5 years 3 years Coastal salt water environments 2 / in corrosive atmospheres / in 3 years 2 years areas prone to vandalism… The same procedures which have already been stated in the annual inspection routine are applied for the routine consecutive inspection but with supplementary guideline checklist.  Check the member sizing of the structural members. support.

etc)  Check types. numbers and installed heights of all antennas currently on the structure and confirm that the loading does not exceed structure design load.  Check structural condition. Page 17 of 39 . azimuth and rigidity for all antennas.  Check the condition of anchor setting in the concrete block.  Check the positioning and installation of safety components. (iii) Connection and bolting parts  Execute the checklist of the annual preventive maintenance inspection.  Check anchor rod condition below earth  Check and measure the tension of each guy wire using a strand dynamometer and compare result with the installer's stated values. (vi) Salty environment (for the coastal salt water environment)  Execute the checklist of the annual preventive maintenance inspection.  Check the anchorage rod in the concrete.  Ensure that the structural cable tensions to be kept within manufacturer recommendations (if applicable) (v) Antennas and Accessories  Execute the checklist of the annual preventive maintenance inspection.  Check the grout condition. take site and measurement to produce a single drawings that are showing the details.  Test the fall arrestor system with individual equipment. antenna supports and accessories (i. RRU.e coaxial cables.  Check the size and measurement of the foundation / concrete block. If no information available. Process Name: TOWER PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE MANUAL Process Owner: NTC DIRECTOR OF ENGINEERING / OPERATIONS Document Revision No: 00 (ii) Base foundation and concrete blocks  Execute the checklist of the annual preventive maintenance inspection. (vii) Safety components  Execute the checklist of the annual preventive maintenance inspection. (iv) Guy wires (for guy wired towers/structures)  Execute the checklist of the annual preventive maintenance inspection.

at a minimum.  Check if there is any requirement for re-painting for coating.  Check if there is any requirement for replacement for any structural members affected by the severe corrosion. (ix) Aviation Safety Lights  Execute the checklist of the annual preventive maintenance inspection. once every three years for guyed towers and once every five years for self- supporting towers. As a regular assessment and maintenance is not only required but essential to ensuring the structural stability of our tower/structure as well as the adequate performance of feed lines and antennas. (x) Coating and anti corrosion protection  Execute the checklist of the annual preventive maintenance inspection.  Check the resistivity of the lightning protection electrodes  Measure the resistivity of the Earth and confirm conformity to expected values. TIA-222-G states that maintenance and condition assessment shall be performed.4 POST SEVERE WEATHER CONDITION INSPECTION Communication towers are constantly exposed to the weather. or towers subjected to frequent vandalism require more frequent assessment and maintenance. Towers used for essential communications or those that represent a high hazard in the event of failure (Class III structures). 5. Process Name: TOWER PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE MANUAL Process Owner: NTC DIRECTOR OF ENGINEERING / OPERATIONS Document Revision No: 00 (viii) Lightning and Earthing system  Execute the checklist of the annual preventive maintenance inspection. which can be severe and may cause damage.2. (xii) Log Book  Execute the checklist of the annual preventive maintenance inspection. wind and/or ice storms. towers in coastal regions or corrosive environments. Page 18 of 39 . (xi) General Site Condition  Execute the checklist of the annual preventive maintenance inspection. Towers should also be assessed after severe seismic events.

etc)  Check the status and condition of the signal and transmission system. Process Name: TOWER PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE MANUAL Process Owner: NTC DIRECTOR OF ENGINEERING / OPERATIONS Document Revision No: 00 The immediate action to carry out structural assessment to respond to any severe weather conditions (i. typhoon. Most of the periodic structural inspections are carried out based on the following frequency: a) Every 10 years for buildings where at least 90% of its floor area is used solely for residential purposes. Stage 2: Full/Detailed structural investigation. The following guidelines are for the supplement : (i) Post Severe Weather Condition  Check and record any damage. flood. the structural assessment of buildings or structures is becoming increasingly important. As structures are aging. A lot of those existing buildings/structures have been constructed and used for more than 50 years. typhoon. 5.3.  Prepare a complete report to state the structural condition and record the incident.  Check condition of the structural supports.1 GENERAL REQUIREMENT More than half of the total structures/towers which are belongs to Edotco built off of an existing building. Check the azimuth and line of sight for all active equipment. base and foundation. The inspection checklist for the post severe weather condition shall follow the routine consecutive inspection checklist. Page 19 of 39 . required to be carried out to analyze the current structural capacity and reliability.3 Building Structural Assessment 5. broken. connections. defect and malfunction item caused by the severe weather condition (earthquake. flood) could reduce the risk of having structural or tower failure which could give worse impact or even towards a catastrophic failure to the structure. and… b) Every 5 years for all other buildings The inspection consists of one or both of the following stages: Stage 1: Visual inspection.e earthquake.

judgement and advice. the structural engineer is required to obtain a set of the building’s structural layout plans. (c) To identify the allowable imposed loads. a visual inspection of: a) the condition of the structure of the building Page 20 of 39 . the structural engineer is expected to carry out. Two main principles are usually accepted when assessing existing buildings: - I. the original design documentation including drawings should be used as guidance documents only. and (d) To verify if unauthorized addition or alteration works that affect the structure of the building have been carried out. The availability of the structural layout plan will help the structural engineer: (a) To understand the structural system and layout of the building. The building structural assessment guideline and form for structural audit are provided in the Appendix for reference. He shall exercise reasonable diligence and take active and personal interest in the planning and carrying out of the inspection of the building.3. with reasonable diligence. II. Prior to the commencement of any inspection (visual or detailed). codes valid in the period when the structure was designed should be used only as guidance documents. and advise if full/detailed structural investigation is required to be carried out. in order to assess the usage and possibility of overloading. Actual (estimated) characteristics of structural materials. 5. Process Name: TOWER PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE MANUAL Process Owner: NTC DIRECTOR OF ENGINEERING / OPERATIONS Document Revision No: 00 The structural engineer who is appointed/assigned by edotco is required to carry out a comprehensive visual inspection that relies largely on his/her professional engineering assessment. geometric data and structural behavior should be considered.2 VISUAL INSPECTION In general. actions. (b) To identify critical areas for inspection. Currently valid codes for verification of structural reliability should be applied.

If there are no signs of any structural deterioration or defects. misuse and abuse which can result in overloading c) any addition or alteration works affecting the structure of the building  to identify any addition or alteration works which can result in overloading or adverse effects on the structure. the structural engineer should make a professional assessment of the deterioration or defect and recommend appropriate actions to be taken. Process Name: TOWER PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE MANUAL Process Owner: NTC DIRECTOR OF ENGINEERING / OPERATIONS Document Revision No: 00  to identify the types of structural defects  to identify any signs of structural distress and deformation  to identify any signs of material deterioration b) the loading on the structure of the building  to identify any deviation from intended use. Page 21 of 39 . 5. the visual inspection should suffice and unless the structural engineer otherwise advises.3. on the other hand. each NTC’s Head/country manager may grant approval for a full structural investigation to be carried out.3 DETAILED STRUCTURAL INVESTIGATION On the recommendation of the structural engineer who carries out the visual inspection. no further action needs to be taken. There could be some difficulties in the conduct of a visual inspection as some of the main structural elements in a building may have been covered up by architectural finishes. the structural engineer may recommend a full structural investigation for that area in the first instance. It is therefore important that professional judgement is exercised by the structural engineer to determine which areas that are covered up should be exposed for inspection. Reference to structural layout plans to determine the presence of critical structural elements would be crucial under such circumstances. signs of significant structural deterioration or defects are present. If. If the structural deficiencies are of a localised nature. Such actions may involve repair works or full structural investigation to parts or whole of the building.

(ii) A failure can be caused by stress.2 KEY ELEMENT FOR TOWER MAINTENANCE In the maintenance of towers. (e) recommending appropriate safety precautionary and remedial measures to restore the structural stability and integrity of the building structure. use of defective and poor quality materials.4. The scope of the full structural investigation includes the following: (a) obtaining information relating to the design. 5. construction.4 Tower Maintenance 5. maintenance and history of the building.4. extreme overload. (b) assessing the structural adequacy of the building by checking the structural plans and calculations and reconstructing the structural plans if they are not available. due awareness shall always be taken of the following factors: (i) The worst case scenario of a total structural or mechanical failure is assumed in tower design. fatigue. (c) carrying out tests on the materials used and structural elements of the building. The outcome of this investigation may lead to a full structural investigation for the whole building. corrosion. (iii) Every design must attempt to foresee all possible combinations of these that can occur in the installation environment and incorporate protective answers to them in the design.1 PRECAUTIONARY AWARENESS FOR MAINTENANCE When carrying out first line of maintenance. attention shall be given to the following key elements: Page 22 of 39 . 5. poor workmanship. as well as any combination of these factors. sabotage. (d) carrying out load test on parts of the building if necessary. insufficient maintenance. Process Name: TOWER PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE MANUAL Process Owner: NTC DIRECTOR OF ENGINEERING / OPERATIONS Document Revision No: 00 The scope and extent of the investigation should be clearly defined and subject to the approval of each NTC’s Head/country manager.

the log should show that the inspection or the maintenance was carried out and by whom. (vii) All structures shall be inspected after severe winds conditions like tempest. typhoon. Minor Maintenance due dates e. premature failures. Inspection due dates c. environmental aesthetics and life time quality of the structures. experienced in climbing and tower adjustments. Painting due dates d.3 REPAIR AND MODIFICATION While an adequate tower maintenance program will lengthen useful tower life. Major Maintenance due dates f. Installation Date b. (iii) Maintenance and inspection of steel towers and antenna supporting structures should be performed by the owner on a routine basis. The log shall be readily accessible to inspectors from the commission or any duly authorized person and shall contain the following information: a. (viii) A maintenance log book should be prepared for every site/tower. Process Name: TOWER PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE MANUAL Process Owner: NTC DIRECTOR OF ENGINEERING / OPERATIONS Document Revision No: 00 (i) Towers require regular maintenance for purposes of early detection of deterioration and as a mandatory measure to prevent breakdowns and the attendant consequences. or normal wear. Page 23 of 39 . it cannot be expected to entirely eliminate the eventual requirement for repair or replacement due to damage. Name and address of Inspector (ix) For each of the due dates. and after the installation of an additional load like antennas on the structure loading conditions. (iv) Ground and aerial procedures should be performed only by authorized personnel. (ii) Regular maintenance is especially important for the purposes of public safety. network availability. hurricane.4. 5.

Correction of these underlying causes will be justified by decreased maintenance as well as improved tower longevity and safety. or adjacent components. materials. Replacement Materials Materials and equipment used for repairs or replacements will be of the same size and type as used in the original design. Investigation and Reporting of Failures Component failures should be carefully investigated and the basic defects corrected before superficial repairs are accomplished. (2) Defective materials or parts. Timely Corrective Repairs The maintenance program should not only be concerned with maintenance and repair of superficial failures or damage. B. (5) Unusual or extreme climatic conditions exceeding design considerations. Higher quality replacement materials which would provide longer life may be substituted for the original materials provided there is long-term economic justification. (3) Incorrect installation or application. Causes of Failure Premature failures of tower structural components. (6) Faulty design.1. (4) Failure of related. Some damage may be due to normal wear and weathering. and other parts may be caused by one or more of the following: (1) Lack of proper maintenance. Prompt reporting of failures to higher command authority Page 24 of 39 .3. 4. Process Name: TOWER PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE MANUAL Process Owner: NTC DIRECTOR OF ENGINEERING / OPERATIONS Document Revision No: 00 4. connected.3. A. but many failures may be traced to other causes. (7) Damage done during construction or maintenance activities. but with the timely correction of the basic cause of failure.2.

Page 25 of 39 . External Tower Design Consultants In vital structural matters or in complex circumstances. D. must be evaluated by a structural engineer. C. a higher command level should be consulted for advice on corrective action. consultation with qualified tower design engineers may be necessary. Major component failures should be reported to related Director of Engineering/Operations at country (NTC) and group (RTC) level with a detailed description of the circumstances and conclusions as to the cause of the failure. or a change to the structural components must consider the types and compatibility of materials. beyond those contemplated in the original tower design. 4. Process Name: TOWER PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE MANUAL Process Owner: NTC DIRECTOR OF ENGINEERING / OPERATIONS Document Revision No: 00 should immediately follow detection so that preventive measures can be taken on similar towers. Additions of any antennas or appurtenances. Proposed tower modifications such as communication dishes. Tower Design's Instructions In the case of some specific materials and equipment. e.3 Modifications Any tower modification should be evaluated by a structural engineer with specific knowledge in tower design and construction. antennas. the tower manufacturer is normally a good source of information on design queries. Modifications which will not economically extend tower life or reduce the maintenance effort should be avoided. The source of information from the tower manufacturer should be kept available at all times. If still available. the tower erection and maintenance manual and/or original drawings may provide sufficient information for corrective measures. Technical Assistance Unless the cause of a particular failure is immediately detectable and corrective measures are not complicated.3.

Check general site condition (standing water. etc) 3 Check for signs of corrosion and take remedial timely steps 4   Check that the guy wire tightening system is properly greased. THE CHECKER/S IS RECOMMENDED TO TAKE PHOTOS AS THEIR SUPPORTING DOCUMENTS FOR THEIR RESULT FINDINGS/REPORTS. etc. holed nor spitted and replace all 3 defective parts. BLOCKS 3 Check for ground settlement or movement 4 Check anchor-bolt and connection erosion and corrosion. erosion and 2 coating. Replace these immediately. 1 months to eliminate residue salt particles which may not be washed away by rain. Please check and report if there is any unused equipment or antenna or 4 its’ parts have been left installed. Check that the main structure and it’s connections are in the right 1 position and all bolts are adequately tightened and neither the CONNECTIONS connecting components are missing Check that no bolts or nuts or any bolting part like washers. drainage. Check the condition of aboveground concrete block parts. Check the number of antenna and accessories to review the status of 3 ownership and tenancy for the colocation. Page 26 of 39 . breaks. nuts and lock nuts for tightness Ensure that there is no structural deterioration to concrete bases and/or 6 anchorages which affects structural integrity. 5 Check bolts. cracking or splitting. movement or earth cracks 8 Check backfill heaped over concrete for water shedding Inspect that microwave dish. DESCRIPTION REMARKS ( ) 1 Check geometry of the structure and structural members 2 Check that there are no structural components missing STRUCTURAL Check that bars are neither warped. antenna. etc is 2 missing. nuts and bolting parts for corrosion. accessories and its supports are ANTENNA & ACCESSORIES 1 in good condition and right direction. kinks. pins. There must 2 not be any stagnant water.) and 1 condition of the structural supports or plumb. 5   Check for loose or missing fasteners 6 Ensure anchor head is clear of earth 7 Check base for settlement. Process Name: TOWER PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE MANUAL Process Owner: NTC DIRECTOR OF ENGINEERING / OPERATIONS Document Revision No: 00 6. NOTE : PLEASE USE ADDITIONAL SHEETS OF PAPERS IF REQUIRED. 3 Check all bolts. There must not be any BASE FOUNDATION & CONCRETE water collection. Check that each cable that is part of the guy wire is neither broken nor 1 warped GUY WIRES (FOR GUY WIRED TOWERS) 2 Check guy wires condition (corrosion. pipe lattice parts are 5 not blocked. chipped or broken concrete. Forms THE CHECKLIST FOR ANNUAL INSPECTION FOR TOWER PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE PHOTO SECT NO. Check the condition of structural members for corrosion. 4 Check all structural components are not broken or oxidized Check that draining holes on pipe leg members. Wash the structure and accessories with clean water once every six SALTY ENV. Check that fixing clamps are in good condition 2 Inspect that coaxial cables/feeders cables are in good condition. nicks.

re-tighten all bolts Check the functioning of the fall arrestor system. Process Name: TOWER PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE MANUAL Process Owner: NTC DIRECTOR OF ENGINEERING / OPERATIONS Document Revision No: 00 THE CHECKLIST FOR ANNUAL INSPECTION FOR TOWER PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE PHOTO SECT NO. Check if there is enough space and it must be safe for 5 maneuvering and movement purposes. Ensure the work platform's trap can open and close. Page 27 of 39 . For a fall arrestor system with cable. Check if there is any unused. Clean and grease all 3 hinges. Clean and grease all 4 door hinges. LIGHTNING AND EARTHING SYSTEM 2 Check the earthing connection of coaxial cables 3 Check the physical condition of the lightning rod and lightning arrestor 4 Check the physical condition and installation of the copper strip Check the connection of the concrete block copper belting onto the 5 copper strip the connection of coaxial cables earthing onto the copper strip Check the connection between the bottom coaxial cable earthing and the 6 collection copper bar fixed on the concrete block Check the tightening of the brass bolts of the lightning protection 7 electrodes 1 Check that all components are in place Check condition and well-functioning of components (Light bulb. connectors and earthing cables 5 Check the condition and fixing of energy cables Check the condition of conduit. THE CHECKER/S IS RECOMMENDED TO TAKE PHOTOS AS THEIR SUPPORTING DOCUMENTS FOR THEIR RESULT FINDINGS/REPORTS. Check that all lightning and earthing components are existing and 1 complete including lightning arrestor. alarms and photo control 4 Check the condition of electrical wires. flashers. catwalks for safety and integrity 2 Check rest and work platforms for defects. maintained and in good condition. copper strip. emergency and hazardous signs are 9 provided Check all site security elements and components are existing. faulty and defective items or 12 structures that can lead to any harm or site injuries or safety issues. wear and tear Ensure that anti climb door can open and close. without any obstruction. Check if there is any safety. junction boxes. complete 10 and in good condition. 8 Condition and fidelity of the power supply systems NOTE : PLEASE USE ADDITIONAL SHEETS OF PAPERS IF REQUIRED. No known safety hazards before service personnel are allowed to access towers/structure. (including fencing. and connection plate. Check tower ladder for any signs SAFETY COMPONENTS of weakness. malfunction. and fasteners weather 6 tight and secure Check bulb condition . malfunction or defects? Address any safety concerns or hazards prior to proceeding especially 11 with regards to the access to our asset/site. locking system. 8 Check that the anti-climbing mechanical tool is functioning.change all bulbs at the same time immediately 7 before the rated service hours is achieved. fixing parts. platforms. Check if the climbing 6 system is properly installed. DESCRIPTION REMARKS () 1 Check the climbing facilities. photoelectric cell. etc). connections) AVIATION SAFETY LIGHT 3 Check the functionality of controllers. Check that access ladder is in good repair and condition. check that the cable has not been 7 over tightened. energy 2 cables. Please report if there is any damage.

3 PROTECTION bolting accessories. 1 A Log Book is available LOG BOOK The contents of the Log Book shall include: date of checks. DESCRIPTION REMARKS () 1 Inspect the paint condition of the structure (if applicable) COATING AND ANTI CORROSION 2 Check all galvanized members for integrity Check for signs of rust and corrosion on the structure. what was 2 checked. etc. 6 For masts with guidewires. Page 28 of 39 . observations of the check. check for corrosion on the entire guy assembly. check oxidization of wires. 7 Check ICAO Colour marking conditions Check the condition of the site surrounding. antenna supports. 4 Check oxidization of the structure. harnesses. Please address if there is any areas or aspects which related to the site 5 condition which require our attention for asset integrity. lawn and grass growing 1 area. and name and signature of the personnel that conducted the check. THE CHECKER/S IS RECOMMENDED TO TAKE PHOTOS AS THEIR SUPPORTING DOCUMENTS FOR THEIR RESULT FINDINGS/REPORTS. Have they been properly maintained? GENERAL SITE CONDITION Do we have any unused wires. of the bolts. Please check and report if there is any malfunction. 5 For guyed masts. equipment’s parts or waste items 2 scattered in our boundary/area? 3 Please check and report if there is any vandalism act and theft activities. and accessories. faulty and defective 4 items which have not been replaced. bolting parts. Process Name: TOWER PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE MANUAL Process Owner: NTC DIRECTOR OF ENGINEERING / OPERATIONS Document Revision No: 00 THE CHECKLIST FOR ANNUAL INSPECTION FOR TOWER PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE PHOTO SECT NO. security or safety reasons. NOTE : PLEASE USE ADDITIONAL SHEETS OF PAPERS IF REQUIRED.

Check the size and measurement of the foundation / concrete block. etc. There must not be any 2 stagnant water. Page 29 of 39 . nuts and bolting parts for corrosion. breaks. drainage. Check that the main structure and it’s connections are in the right position and all 1 CONNECTIONS bolts are adequately tightened and neither the connecting components are missing Check that no bolts or nuts or any bolting part like washers. platform. Process Name: TOWER PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE MANUAL Process Owner: NTC DIRECTOR OF ENGINEERING / OPERATIONS Document Revision No: 00 THE CHECKLIST FOR ROUTINE INSPECTION FOR TOWER PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE PHOTO SECT NO. take site and measurement to produce a single drawings that are showing the details. Wash the structure and accessories with clean water once every six months to 1 SALTY ENV. There must not be any water collection. erosion and coating. eliminate residue salt particles which may not be washed away by rain. THE CHECKER/S IS RECOMMENDED TO TAKE PHOTOS AS THEIR SUPPORTING DOCUMENTS FOR THEIR RESULT FINDINGS/REPORTS. etc) 3 Check for signs of corrosion and take remedial timely steps (FOR GUY WIRED TOWERS) 4 Check that the guy wire tightening system is properly greased. DESCRIPTION REMARKS ( ) 1 Check geometry of the structure and structural members 2 Check that there are no structural components missing 3 Check that bars are neither warped. chipped or broken concrete.e coaxial cables. accessories and its supports are in good 1 condition and right direction. Check the condition of aboveground concrete block parts. etc is missing. RRU. 5 Check for loose or missing fasteners GUY WIRES 6 Ensure anchor head is clear of earth 7 Check base for settlement. 5 Check bolts. If no information 9 available. Check the member sizing of the structural members. holed nor spitted and replace all defective parts. movement or earth cracks 8 Check backfill heaped over concrete for water shedding 9 Check anchor rod condition below earth Check and measure the tension of each guy wire using a strand dynamometer and compare 10 result with the installer's stated values. NOTE : PLEASE USE ADDITIONAL SHEETS OF PAPERS IF REQUIRED. Check tower/structure’s verticality with the appropriate devices such as theodolite 6 that the structure stands in a vertical position. bracing system. Ensure that the structural cable tensions to be kept within manufacturer recommendations 11 (if applicable) Inspect that microwave dish. Check structural condition. etc) Check types. 2 Check the condition of structural members for corrosion. Check the number of antenna and accessories to review the status of ownership and 3 tenancy for the colocation. pins. cracking or BASE FOUNDATION & CONCRETE BLOCKS splitting. nicks. 3 Check all bolts. antenna supports and 5 accessories (i. take 7 site and member sizing measurement including the main legs/structure. 7 Check the grout condition 8 Check the condition of anchor setting in the concrete block. nuts and lock nuts for tightness Ensure that there is no structural deterioration to concrete bases and/or anchorages 6 which affects structural integrity. Please check and report if there is any unused equipment or antenna or its’ parts have 4 been left installed. etc.) and condition of the 1 structural supports or plumb. 4 Check the anchorage rod in the concrete. antenna. kinks. 2 Replace these immediately. 3 Check for ground settlement or movement 4 Check anchor-bolt and connection erosion and corrosion. 1 Check that each cable that is part of the guy wire is neither broken nor warped 2 Check guy wires condition (corrosion. support. azimuth and rigidity for all antennas. If no information available. pipe lattice parts are not blocked. Please produce a single drawings that are showing the Check general site condition (standing water. Check that fixing clamps are in good condition ANTENNA & ACCESSORIES 2 Inspect that coaxial cables/feeders cables are in good condition. numbers and installed heights of all antennas currently on the structure and 6 confirm that the loading does not exceed structure design load. STRUCTURAL 4 Check all structural components are not broken or oxidized 5 Check that draining holes on pipe leg members.

maintained and in good condition. Process Name: TOWER PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE MANUAL Process Owner: NTC DIRECTOR OF ENGINEERING / OPERATIONS Document Revision No: 00 THE CHECKLIST FOR ROUTINE INSPECTION FOR TOWER PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE PHOTO SECT NO. Check if there is any unused. energy 2 cables. 13 Check the positioning and installation of safety components. junction boxes. No known safety hazards before service personnel are allowed to access towers/structure. 1 Check that all components are in place Check condition and well-functioning of components (Light bulb. Check that all lightning and earthing components are existing and complete 1 including lightning arrestor. (including fencing. Please report if there is any damage. 8 Check that the anti-climbing mechanical tool is functioning. locking system. Check if the climbing system SAFETY COMPONENTS 6 is properly installed. photoelectric cell. Check if there is enough space and it must be safe for 5 maneuvering and movement purposes. copper strip. Ensure the work platform's trap can open and close. check that the cable has not been over 7 tightened. re-tighten all bolts Check the functioning of the fall arrestor system. Clean and grease all door 4 hinges. LIGHTNING AND EARTHING SYSTEM 2 Check the earthing connection of coaxial cables 3 Check the physical condition of the lightning rod and lightning arrestor 4 Check the physical condition and installation of the copper strip Check the connection of the concrete block copper belting onto the copper 5 strip the connection of coaxial cables earthing onto the copper strip Check the connection between the bottom coaxial cable earthing and the 6 collection copper bar fixed on the concrete block 7 Check the tightening of the brass bolts of the lightning protection electrodes 8 Check the resistivity of the lightning protection electrodes Measure the resistivity of the Earth and confirm conformity to expected 9 values. faulty and defective items or 12 structures that can lead to any harm or site injuries or safety issues. Page 30 of 39 . 8 Condition and fidelity of the power supply systems NOTE : PLEASE USE ADDITIONAL SHEETS OF PAPERS IF REQUIRED. THE CHECKER/S IS RECOMMENDED TO TAKE PHOTOS AS THEIR SUPPORTING DOCUMENTS FOR THEIR RESULT FINDINGS/REPORTS. 14 Test the fall arrestor system with individual equipment. emergency and hazardous signs are provided Check all site security elements and components are existing. and connection plate. platforms. malfunction or defects? Address any safety concerns or hazards prior to proceeding especially with 11 regards to the access to our asset/site. 9 Check if there is any safety. and fasteners weather tight 6 and secure Check bulb condition . For a fall arrestor system with cable. without any obstruction. flashers. complete and in 10 good condition. Check that access ladder is in good repair and condition. malfunction. connections) AVIATION SAFETY LIGHT 3 Check the functionality of controllers. etc). Clean and grease all hinges. DESCRIPTION REMARKS ( ) 1 Check the climbing facilities. wear and tear 3 Ensure that anti climb door can open and close. alarms and photo control 4 Check the condition of electrical wires.change all bulbs at the same time immediately before 7 the rated service hours is achieved. Check tower ladder for any signs of weakness. catwalks for safety and integrity 2 Check rest and work platforms for defects. connectors and earthing cables 5 Check the condition and fixing of energy cables Check the condition of conduit. fixing parts.

and name and signature of the personnel that conducted the check. bolting parts. 4 Check oxidization of the structure. faulty and defective items 4 which have not been replaced. check for corrosion on the entire guy assembly. 1 A Log Book is available LOG BOOK The contents of the Log Book shall include: date of checks. Check if there is any requirement for replacement for any structural members 9 affected by the severe corrosion. Process Name: TOWER PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE MANUAL Process Owner: NTC DIRECTOR OF ENGINEERING / OPERATIONS Document Revision No: 00 THE CHECKLIST FOR ROUTINE INSPECTION FOR TOWER PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE PHOTO SECT NO. Check the condition of the site surrounding. what was checked. check oxidization of wires. 7 Check ICAO Colour marking conditions 8 Check if there is any requirement for re-painting for coating. 2 observations of the check. bolting 3 accessories. harnesses. of the bolts. THE CHECKER/S IS RECOMMENDED TO TAKE PHOTOS AS THEIR SUPPORTING DOCUMENTS FOR THEIR RESULT FINDINGS/REPORTS. 1 Have they been properly maintained? GENERAL SITE CONDITION Do we have any unused wires. 6 For masts with guidewires. 5 For guyed masts. and accessories. DESCRIPTION REMARKS () 1 Inspect the paint condition of the structure (if applicable) COATING AND ANTI CORROSION PROTECTION 2 Check all galvanized members for integrity Check for signs of rust and corrosion on the structure. equipment’s parts or waste items scattered in 2 our boundary/area? 3 Please check and report if there is any vandalism act and theft activities. security or safety reasons. Please check and report if there is any malfunction. NOTE : PLEASE USE ADDITIONAL SHEETS OF PAPERS IF REQUIRED. antenna supports. etc. lawn and grass growing area. Page 31 of 39 . Please address if there is any areas or aspects which related to the site 5 condition which require our attention for asset integrity.

take 7 site and member sizing measurement including the main legs/structure. Check the member sizing of the structural members. If no information available. There must not be any 2 stagnant water. kinks. etc is missing. platform. Check tower/structure’s verticality with the appropriate devices such as theodolite 6 that the structure stands in a vertical position. holed nor spitted and replace all defective parts. nicks. 1 Check that each cable that is part of the guy wire is neither broken nor warped 2 Check guy wires condition (corrosion. Check that the main structure and it’s connections are in the right position and all 1 CONNECTIONS bolts are adequately tightened and neither the connecting components are missing Check that no bolts or nuts or any bolting part like washers. accessories and its supports are in good 1 condition and right direction. DESCRIPTION REMARKS ( ) 1 Check geometry of the structure and structural members 2 Check that there are no structural components missing 3 Check that bars are neither warped. chipped or broken concrete. eliminate residue salt particles which may not be washed away by rain. antenna supports 5 and accessories (i. RRU. Check that fixing clamps are in good condition ANTENNA & ACCESSORIES 2 Inspect that coaxial cables/feeders cables are in good condition.e coaxial cables. Check the condition of aboveground concrete block parts. etc. nuts and lock nuts for tightness Ensure that there is no structural deterioration to concrete bases and/or anchorages 6 which affects structural integrity. breaks. Please produce a single drawings that are showing the Check general site condition (standing water. drainage. STRUCTURAL 4 Check all structural components are not broken or oxidized 5 Check that draining holes on pipe leg members. Check the number of antenna and accessories to review the status of ownership and 3 tenancy for the colocation. Page 32 of 39 . There must not be any water collection. Check structural condition. azimuth and rigidity for all antennas.) and condition of the 1 structural supports or plumb. nuts and bolting parts for corrosion. pipe lattice parts are not blocked. etc) Check types. Please check and report if there is any unused equipment or antenna or its’ parts have 4 been left installed. movement or earth cracks 8 Check backfill heaped over concrete for water shedding 9 Check anchor rod condition below earth Check and measure the tension of each guy wire using a strand dynamometer and 10 compare result with the installer's stated values. 3 Check all bolts. If no information 9 available. Check the size and measurement of the foundation / concrete block. take site and measurement to produce a single drawings that are showing the details. 3 Check for ground settlement or movement 4 Check anchor-bolt and connection erosion and corrosion. 5 Check for loose or missing fasteners GUY WIRES 6 Ensure anchor head is clear of earth 7 Check base for settlement. numbers and installed heights of all antennas currently on the structure 6 and confirm that the loading does not exceed structure design load. bracing system. THE CHECKER/S IS RECOMMENDED TO TAKE PHOTOS AS THEIR SUPPORTING DOCUMENTS FOR THEIR RESULT FINDINGS/REPORTS. 4 Check the anchorage rod in the concrete. antenna. Ensure that the structural cable tensions to be kept within manufacturer 11 recommendations (if applicable) Inspect that microwave dish. Process Name: TOWER PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE MANUAL Process Owner: NTC DIRECTOR OF ENGINEERING / OPERATIONS Document Revision No: 00 THE CHECKLIST FOR POST SEVERE WEATHER FOR TOWER PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE PHOTO SECT NO. 5 Check bolts. 2 Replace these immediately. cracking or BASE FOUNDATION & CONCRETE BLOCKS splitting. Wash the structure and accessories with clean water once every six months to 1 SALTY ENV. 2 Check the condition of structural members for corrosion. NOTE : PLEASE USE ADDITIONAL SHEETS OF PAPERS IF REQUIRED. etc. etc) 3 Check for signs of corrosion and take remedial timely steps (FOR GUY WIRED TOWERS) 4 Check that the guy wire tightening system is properly greased. pins. erosion and coating. 7 Check the grout condition 8 Check the condition of anchor setting in the concrete block. support.

connections) AVIATION SAFETY LIGHT 3 Check the functionality of controllers. check that the cable has not been over 7 tightened. photoelectric cell. Clean and grease all door 4 hinges. Clean and grease all hinges. DESCRIPTION REMARKS ( ) 1 Check the climbing facilities. alarms and photo control 4 Check the condition of electrical wires. Check if there is any unused. and connection plate. Check if the climbing system SAFETY COMPONENTS 6 is properly installed. wear and tear 3 Ensure that anti climb door can open and close. 13 Check the positioning and installation of safety components. copper strip. re-tighten all bolts Check the functioning of the fall arrestor system. fixing parts. Check that access ladder is in good repair and condition. For a fall arrestor system with cable. Check that all lightning and earthing components are existing and complete 1 including lightning arrestor. Page 33 of 39 . (including fencing. faulty and defective items or 12 structures that can lead to any harm or site injuries or safety issues. etc). 9 Check if there is any safety. malfunction. emergency and hazardous signs are provided Check all site security elements and components are existing. malfunction or defects? Address any safety concerns or hazards prior to proceeding especially with 11 regards to the access to our asset/site. junction boxes. and fasteners weather tight 6 and secure Check bulb condition . Process Name: TOWER PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE MANUAL Process Owner: NTC DIRECTOR OF ENGINEERING / OPERATIONS Document Revision No: 00 THE CHECKLIST FOR POST SEVERE WEATHER FOR TOWER PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE PHOTO SECT NO. LIGHTNING AND EARTHING SYSTEM 2 Check the earthing connection of coaxial cables 3 Check the physical condition of the lightning rod and lightning arrestor 4 Check the physical condition and installation of the copper strip Check the connection of the concrete block copper belting onto the copper 5 strip the connection of coaxial cables earthing onto the copper strip Check the connection between the bottom coaxial cable earthing and the 6 collection copper bar fixed on the concrete block 7 Check the tightening of the brass bolts of the lightning protection electrodes 8 Check the resistivity of the lightning protection electrodes Measure the resistivity of the Earth and confirm conformity to expected 9 values. locking system. THE CHECKER/S IS RECOMMENDED TO TAKE PHOTOS AS THEIR SUPPORTING DOCUMENTS FOR THEIR RESULT FINDINGS/REPORTS. Check tower ladder for any signs of weakness. 1 Check that all components are in place Check condition and well-functioning of components (Light bulb. platforms. Please report if there is any damage. No known safety hazards before service personnel are allowed to access towers/structure. energy 2 cables. catwalks for safety and integrity 2 Check rest and work platforms for defects. 8 Check that the anti-climbing mechanical tool is functioning. complete and in 10 good condition.change all bulbs at the same time immediately before 7 the rated service hours is achieved. flashers. 14 Test the fall arrestor system with individual equipment. Ensure the work platform's trap can open and close. Check if there is enough space and it must be safe for 5 maneuvering and movement purposes. connectors and earthing cables 5 Check the condition and fixing of energy cables Check the condition of conduit. 8 Condition and fidelity of the power supply systems NOTE : PLEASE USE ADDITIONAL SHEETS OF PAPERS IF REQUIRED. without any obstruction. maintained and in good condition.

broken. Prepare a complete report to state the structural condition and record the 4 incident. check for corrosion on the entire guy assembly. harnesses. Check 2 the azimuth and line of sight for all active equipment. connections. what was checked. Check the condition of the site surrounding. Process Name: TOWER PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE MANUAL Process Owner: NTC DIRECTOR OF ENGINEERING / OPERATIONS Document Revision No: 00 THE CHECKLIST FOR POST SEVERE WEATHER FOR TOWER PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE PHOTO SECT NO. typhoon. and name and signature of the personnel that conducted the check. 3 Check condition of the structural supports. antenna supports. 4 Check oxidization of the structure. 7 Check ICAO Colour marking conditions 8 Check if there is any requirement for re-painting for coating. defect and malfunction item caused by POST SEVERE WEATHER 1 the severe weather condition (earthquake. NOTE : PLEASE USE ADDITIONAL SHEETS OF PAPERS IF REQUIRED. base and foundation. faulty and defective items 4 which have not been replaced. check oxidization of wires. Check and record any damage. Please address if there is any areas or aspects which related to the site 5 condition which require our attention for asset integrity. Page 34 of 39 . DESCRIPTION REMARKS () 1 Inspect the paint condition of the structure (if applicable) COATING AND ANTI CORROSION PROTECTION 2 Check all galvanized members for integrity Check for signs of rust and corrosion on the structure. bolting parts. security or safety reasons. Check if there is any requirement for replacement for any structural members 9 affected by the severe corrosion. and accessories. equipment’s parts or waste items scattered in 2 our boundary/area? 3 Please check and report if there is any vandalism act and theft activities. 2 observations of the check. lawn and grass growing area. 5 For guyed masts. 1 A Log Book is available LOG BOOK The contents of the Log Book shall include: date of checks. etc) Check the status and condition of the signal and transmission system. Please check and report if there is any malfunction. 1 Have they been properly maintained? GENERAL SITE CONDITION Do we have any unused wires. 6 For masts with guidewires. flood. bolting 3 accessories. of the bolts. etc. THE CHECKER/S IS RECOMMENDED TO TAKE PHOTOS AS THEIR SUPPORTING DOCUMENTS FOR THEIR RESULT FINDINGS/REPORTS.

calculations. Type of Structure (concrete/steel framed structure. lakes. If no. etc). particularly in industrial buildings. ground floor water tank. Please specify/provide the structural arrangement/layout that shall include 3 the column. position. 2 Height of the building. Please provide the structural description of tower on the existing building 5 including the location. slab and beam position. defection 3 or failure (including cracks.Evidence 5 of wall movement. NOTE : PLEASE USE ADDITIONAL SHEETS OF PAPERS IF REQUIRED. repairs. structural deformation. There must not be any stagnant water. modification.sea water. inadequate surface drainage. etc. Description Remarks / Comments Photo 1 Name and address of the building. Check and observe if there is any sign of structural deterioration. Please specify if there any bracing system information available either via 4 data collection or observation. drawings and reports for super and substructure? This shall include any 4 maintenance. height of the tower. What is the altitude of the location? What is the building surrounding 3 landscape/condition? Is there any building/construction next to the existing structure? GENERAL Is there any historical data including construction related info. Page 35 of 39 . please provide 2 drawings/sketches for floor plan and specify the functional type of STRUCTURAL DETAILS occupancy/ies for room/space. etc) 4 Check and observe if there is any sign of settlement (floor or foundation). renovation and refurbishment works Any relevant information and details with regards to soil condition and 5 investigation. tension cracks. Visually inspect overall condition of the building/structure noting any 1 potential problems especially for any circumstances which will affect structural integrity or lead to a structural failure or collapse. excessive deflection. Survey of retaining walls and slope protection structures if any . instability. How many storey and building dimensions. base support. THE CHECKER/S IS RECOMMENDED TO TAKE PHOTOS AS THEIR SUPPORTING DOCUMENTS FOR THEIR RESULT FINDINGS/REPORTS. etc) or aggressive chemical which may 2 accelerate the deterioration of structural elements. connection failure. alteration. unintended imposed loading behind wall. corrosion of steel. type of tower structure and any relevant details. STRUCTURAL SURVEY/INVESTIGATIONS Check if there is any presence of structure immersed in water (eg. What is the use of 1 the building? Check if there is any initial drawings provided (architectural/construction/as-built drawing). Process Name: TOWER PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE MANUAL Process Owner: NTC DIRECTOR OF ENGINEERING / OPERATIONS Document Revision No: 00 BUILDING STRUCTURAL ASSESSMENT GUIDELINES ELEMENT No.

): Criticality of the crack (share/load etc. battery etc. Process Name: TOWER PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE MANUAL Process Owner: NTC DIRECTOR OF ENGINEERING / OPERATIONS Document Revision No: 00 Building Assessment Checklist Form For Structural Audit Structural Assessor Company Name: Name & Contact of Assessor: Date: Site Code: Site Name: Site Address: GPS Coordinates (if recorded): Lat: Long: Site Assessment History: Previous Structural Assessor Company Name: Previously Assessed? Yes No Result (if yes): Previous Findings & Recommendation: Site Assessment Findings: Building Usage Type: Residential/Hotel/Market/Mosque/School/Collage/University/Commercial/Other: Specify: Is it changed from earlier: Yes No Number of Floor: Any new extension (vertical/horizontal): Comments (give details of extension): Site Loading Condition: New addition (compared previous audit): Yes No Comments (specify additional equipment. installed at site & their quantity): Crack Found at site: Yes No Crack Type (Beam/column/slab etc.): Pictures taken for the crack: Crack History: New Old Crack Details (measurement W & L in mm): Crack length & depth condition compared to last audit (Yes/No & remarks): Recommendations: □ Need detail structural audit by Professional Vendor □ Need maintenance for the crack □ Do Periodic check after 6/12 months □ Need immediate relocation (very critical) Assessment Remarks (if any): Page 36 of 39 .

This condition can be detected by the appearance of blistering or buckling of the paint surface. Where the paint film appears to be intact. wear. it cannot be stopped without a surface preparation that removes the rust completely. Corrosion control normally requires the most attention. the loss of the galvanized coating and the occurrence of rust because of an improperly maintained protective coating system over the galvanizing may not be apparent. Efforts to slow the corrosion process by accepting a surface preparation method which removes only the worst rust are very costly over time and the success of these efforts is questionable at best. Page 37 of 39 . Process Name: TOWER PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE MANUAL Process Owner: NTC DIRECTOR OF ENGINEERING / OPERATIONS Document Revision No: 00 7. Dissimilar metal contact points should always be closely examined. If there is a fracture of sufficient size in the paint coating. The galvanized surface will first show signs of corrosion by the formation of a bulky white substance. rusting can occur beneath the paint film. Appendix Tower Structure TOWER MATERIALS AND COATING Inspection and maintenance of structural metal will be concerned with corrosion. but is minutely cracked. Galvanized Steels Protection of the galvanizing by maintaining the protective coating system over the galvanizing should be the thrust of the corrosion control effort for galvanized steels. the coating should be scraped off to the extent necessary to determine if rusting is taking place. Once corrosion of the steel has begun in such a severe environment. The next stage will be the formation of a bright yellow product resulting from corrosion of the zinc-iron alloy layer formed on the surface of the base metal. the rust will appear at the surface. Since most galvanized surfaces are painted. deformation and premature failures. Since this condition can also be caused by the loss of adhesion of the paint film. This requires intensive grinding (which is discouraged) or abrasive blasting.

and failures of parts and welds can usually be detected through close examination during periodic tower inspections. When bends are observed. Page 38 of 39 . the bolts should be renewed. Process Name: TOWER PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE MANUAL Process Owner: NTC DIRECTOR OF ENGINEERING / OPERATIONS Document Revision No: 00 The accumulation of dirt and other foreign matter inside hollow members is a good breeding ground for corrosion. and proper and safe repair techniques must be applied. If the deflection is found to be progressive. Fillet welds are the most common in tower fabrication. Cracks can occur in any portion of a weld. Depending on the quality of the seal. immediate corrective action must be taken. deformation. open-end members have been sealed after tower erection. Minor wearing at guy shackle connections can be expected due to movement of the guys and should not require action unless the condition becomes progressively worse. a straightedge should be placed parallel to the affected member and the amount of deflection measured as accurately as possible. and Failures Most forms of wear. Wear. Cracks in pinned and bolted plates can occur if the stresses at a hole exceed the ultimate strength of the plate material. This condition can occur at bolted connections where the bolts are not properly tightened and at the guy connection points. the tower may be in jeopardy. (2) Deformation Permanent deformation of a structural member indicates that it has been stressed beyond the elastic limit. this effort may eliminate the cause of internal corrosion. Where this condition is found at bolted connections. (1) Wear Wear or abrasion on major tower structural members will rarely be a problem. Deformation. Structural components are usually prefabricated by welding. Deformations of this kind may or may not be detectable through an instrument check or binocular inspection. In some cases. if this deformation is significant. (3) Cracks Cracks can be detected by close examination. Subsequent straightedge checks should then be periodically performed in order to determine the degree of any further deflection. but are most likely along the line of contact with the joined members. Immediate corrective action must be taken when cracks are found.

it is important to use a paint based on a penetrating type vehicle so as to get into the small pores created. When severe corrosion of the galvanizing layer of the tower is attributable to the sand blast effect. The reason for painting with the red and white color bands is to meet the visibility requirements of the ICAO Repainting is required "when the color changes noticeably or its effectiveness is impaired by scaling. Complete repainting should be governed by the overall condition of the existing paint coating and not by premature localized failures.e DCA). Process Name: TOWER PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE MANUAL Process Owner: NTC DIRECTOR OF ENGINEERING / OPERATIONS Document Revision No: 00 TOWER PAINTING Tower painting is accomplished for three reasons:  To provide obstruction marking. Some of the newer coatings contain solvents that may act as efficient paint removers on old conventional paints. Towers should not be repainted to improve appearance if they have adequate visibility and for no reason to paint for surface protection. The use of galvanized steel for all towers and similar coatings or materials for guys. The same paint should also be heavily pigmented with an abrasion resistant pigment to counteract such future erosion. Normally the best time to repaint is when the old paint evidences general erosion or deadening of the coating. It is always better to repaint with the same type of material originally used unless there are clear indications that different materials will be compatible with the old system.  To help prevent corrosion. if required by the Civil Aviation Authority (i. such as the condition of the paint. oxidation. hardware. and the anticipated life of the tower. and other components in some cases precludes the need to paint to preserve the surface. Any decision to repaint should take into account other factors.  To extend the life of galvanizing. or layers of industrial contamination". chipping. Page 39 of 39 . the need to repaint for protective purposes. It is often necessary to completely remove the old paint from all surfaces to avoid problems of incompatible paints and to ensure proper adhesion of the new paint.