COMPARISON OF PROSTATE VOLUME MEASUREMENT BETWEEN

TRANSABDOMINAL AND TRANSRECTAL ULTRASOUND ON
BENIGN PROSTATE HYPERPLASIA.

Muhammad Fadlan Hamzah*, Sudarmanta**, Bambang Udji Djoko Rianto***
Department of Radiologi Faculty of Medicine Universitas Gadjah Mada / RSUP Dr. Sardjito
Yogyakarta
*Radiology resident Faculty of Medicine UGM / Dr. Sardjito Hospital
**Lecturer in Department of Radiologi, Faculty of Medicine UGM / RSUP Dr. Sardjito Hospital
***Lecturer in Department UGM of Ear - Nose - Throat, Faculty of Medicine / Dr. Sardjito Hospital

ABSTRACT

Background: This study aimed to assess whether there are significant differences
between prostate volume measured using transabdominal ultrasonography and
transrectal ultrasonography in patients with benign prostate enlargement.
Objective: On the number of study subjects 35 male patients from the urology sent
to radiology with clinical benign prostate enlargement in the department of
Radiology Dr.Sardjito. The research design was a cross sectional study. Decision
subjects performed sequentially (consecutive). Subjects examined twice: first
examination performed transabdominal ultrasound prostate volume was then
determined after the examination transrectal prostate volume was also determined.
Differences in the size of the prostate volume between the two examinations were
analyzed with paired t-test. Characteristics of the study subjects are described
based on the age, prostate volume and the volume difference of the results were
analyzed and calculated average value.
Result : Mean ± SD results obtained for the mean prostate volume as measured by
transabdominal ultrasonography 45.37 ± 26.67 ml greater than transrectal
ultrasonography 41.65 ± 27.12 ml. And the non-parametric Wilcoxon test results
demonstrate the value of P = 0.000, meaning there is a significant mean (P <0.05)
between prostate volume were examined with transabdominal and transrectal.
Conclusion: Prostate volume measurement using transabdominal ultrasound
measurement of prostate volume compared using transrectal ultrasonography had
a statistically significant difference in patients with benign prostate enlargement.
The mean prostate volume was measured using transabdominal greater than
transrectal. This measurement is influenced by the ability of the examiner
(operator dependent) and the volume of urine in the bladder. Transrectal
ultrasonography also has a superior ability to display lesions in the prostate such
as nodules, cysts and calcification.

Key words: Benign prostate hyperplasia, prostate volume, transabdominal
ultrasonography, transrectal ultrasonography.

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