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Meter Station Design Standard

DESIGN STANDARD NO.: DS.210.001 EFFECTIVE DATE: 8/27/2015


FORMER STANDARD NUMBER: NA
PROCESS OWNER: Measurement & Gas Quality

CONTENTS
1 SCOPE ........................................................................................................................ 1
1.1 OBJECTIVES ............................................................................................................. 2
1.2 OWNERSHIP AND DIVISION OF RESPONSIBILITIES ................................................. 2
1.2.1 CPG Meter Stations ............................................................................... 2
1.2.2 Customer Meter Stations ...................................................................... 2
1.2.3 Flow Control and Custody Transfer Operations ................................... 3
1.3 GAS CONDITIONING ................................................................................................ 3
2 GENERAL DESIGN REQUIREMENTS .............................................................................. 3
2.1 PRIMARY DESIGN REQUIREMENTS ......................................................................... 4
2.1.1 Design Drawing Requirements ............................................................. 4
2.1.2 Documentation ..................................................................................... 4
2.1.3 Flow Rates ............................................................................................. 4
2.1.4 Flow Metering ....................................................................................... 5
2.1.5 Meter Bypass ........................................................................................ 5
2.1.6 Flow Control .......................................................................................... 5
2.1.7 Remote Shut-In ..................................................................................... 5
2.1.8 Design Pressure..................................................................................... 6
2.1.9 Design Temperature ............................................................................. 6
2.1.10 Gas Quality ............................................................................................ 7
2.1.11 Odorization ........................................................................................... 7
2.1.12 Bi-Directional Meter Stations ............................................................... 8
2.1.13 Meter Run End Closures ....................................................................... 8
2.1.14 Pipeline Taps ......................................................................................... 8
2.1.15 Automatic Shutoff Valves ..................................................................... 8
2.1.16 Check Valves ......................................................................................... 8
2.2 METER STATION SITE .............................................................................................. 8
2.2.1 Location Considerations ....................................................................... 8
2.2.2 Site Preparation .................................................................................... 9
2.2.3 Paving and Sidewalks ............................................................................ 9
2.2.4 Landscaping......................................................................................... 10
2.2.5 Fencing ................................................................................................ 10
2.3 BUILDINGS/ENCLOSURES ...................................................................................... 11
2.3.1 General Requirements - RTU or Chromatograph Building (General

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purpose no high pressure gas) ......................................................... 11
2.3.2 General Requirements Electrical Equipment Enclosures ................ 12
2.3.3 Area Classification ............................................................................... 12
2.3.4 Grounding ........................................................................................... 14
2.3.5 Lighting ................................................................................................ 14
2.3.6 Electrical Installations ......................................................................... 15
2.3.7 Conduit and Wire Sizes ....................................................................... 15
2.3.8 Load Centers ....................................................................................... 17
2.3.9 Transient AC Power and Telecommunications Voltage Surge
Suppression ......................................................................................... 17
3 ULTRASONIC METERS ............................................................................................... 17
3.1 SIZING CRITERIA .................................................................................................... 18
3.1.1 Multiple Ultrasonic Meter Runs.......................................................... 18
3.1.2 Single Ultrasonic Meter Runs.............................................................. 18
3.2 ULTRASONIC METER TUBES .................................................................................. 18
3.2.1 Throttling Devices ............................................................................... 18
3.2.2 Pipe ..................................................................................................... 19
3.2.3 Flanges ................................................................................................ 19
3.2.4 Auxiliary Connections ......................................................................... 19
3.2.5 Shop Testing and Inspection ............................................................... 19
3.3 ULTRASONIC METER INSTRUMENTATION ............................................................ 21
3.3.1 Ultrasonic Meter Output .................................................................... 21
3.3.2 Static Pressure..................................................................................... 21
3.3.3 Flowing Gas Temperature ................................................................... 21
3.3.4 Differential Pressure ........................................................................... 22
3.4 INSTALLATION ....................................................................................................... 22
3.4.1 General Arrangement ......................................................................... 22
3.4.2 Supports .............................................................................................. 22
3.4.3 Inlet and Outlet Valves........................................................................ 23
4 TURBINE METERS ..................................................................................................... 23
4.1 SIZING CRITERIA .................................................................................................... 23
4.1.1 Multiple Turbine Meter Runs ............................................................. 24
4.1.2 Single Turbine Meter Runs.................................................................. 24
4.2 TURBINE METER TUBES ........................................................................................ 24
4.3 TURBINE METER INSTRUMENTATION .................................................................. 24
4.3.1 Turbine Meter Output ........................................................................ 24
4.3.2 Static Pressure..................................................................................... 25
4.3.3 Flowing Gas Temperature ................................................................... 25
4.4 INSTALLATION ....................................................................................................... 25
4.4.1 General Arrangement ......................................................................... 25

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4.4.2 Supports .............................................................................................. 25
4.4.3 Inlet and Outlet Valves........................................................................ 26
4.4.4 Meter Protection ................................................................................ 26
4.4.5 Strainer................................................................................................ 26
4.4.6 Proving ................................................................................................ 26
4.4.7 Turbine Module Lifting Mechanism .................................................... 27
4.4.8 Automatic oiler ................................................................................... 27
5 ORIFICE METERS ....................................................................................................... 27
5.1 SIZING CRITERIA .................................................................................................... 27
5.1.1 Beta Ratio ............................................................................................ 27
5.1.2 Orifice Differential .............................................................................. 27
5.1.3 Multiple Orifice Meter Runs ............................................................... 28
5.1.4 Single Orifice Meter Runs ................................................................... 28
5.2 ORIFICE METER TUBES .......................................................................................... 28
5.2.1 Meter Tube Minimum Dimensions and Configuration....................... 28
5.2.2 Orifice Fittings ..................................................................................... 28
5.2.3 Orifice Plates ....................................................................................... 29
5.2.4 Flow Conditioners ............................................................................... 29
5.2.5 Pipe ..................................................................................................... 29
5.2.6 Flanges ................................................................................................ 29
5.2.7 Shop Testing and Inspection ............................................................... 30
5.3 ORIFICE METER INSTRUMENTATION .................................................................... 30
5.3.1 Static and Differential Pressure .......................................................... 31
5.3.2 Flowing Gas Temperature ................................................................... 31
5.4 INSTALLATION ....................................................................................................... 32
5.4.1 General Arrangement ......................................................................... 32
5.4.2 Supports .............................................................................................. 32
5.4.3 Inlet and Outlet Valves........................................................................ 32
6 POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT METERS ............................................................................ 32
6.1 METERS ................................................................................................................. 33
6.1.1 Sizing Criteria ...................................................................................... 33
6.1.2 Multiple Rotary Meters....................................................................... 33
6.1.3 Single Rotary Meter Runs ................................................................... 33
6.1.4 Shop Testing and Inspection ............................................................... 33
6.2 INSTALLATION ....................................................................................................... 34
6.2.1 General Arrangement ......................................................................... 34
6.2.2 Piping................................................................................................... 34
6.2.3 Supports .............................................................................................. 34
6.2.4 Inlet, Outlet and Bypass Valves for Single Rotary Meter Setting ....... 34
6.2.5 Strainer................................................................................................ 34
6.2.6 Prover Connections ............................................................................. 35

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6.2.7 Over-Range Protection ....................................................................... 35
6.3 ROTARY METER INSTRUMENTATION.................................................................... 35
6.3.1 Rotary Meter Pulse Output ................................................................. 35
6.3.2 Static Pressure..................................................................................... 35
6.3.3 Flowing Gas Temperature ................................................................... 36
7 CORIOLIS METERS .................................................................................................... 36
7.1 SIZING CRITERIA .................................................................................................... 36
7.2 CORIOLIS METER RUNS & INSTALLATION ............................................................. 37
7.3 CALIBRATION & TESTING ...................................................................................... 38
8 INSTRUMENTATION ................................................................................................. 38
8.1 PROCESS INSTRUMENT CONNECTIONS ................................................................ 39
8.1.1 Pressure Sensing Connections (Other than at Orifice Fittings) .......... 39
8.1.2 Temperature Sensing Connections ..................................................... 40
8.1.3 Sample Connections ........................................................................... 40
8.2 TRANSMITTERS ..................................................................................................... 41
8.2.1 Multi-Variable Transmitters for Static Pressure, Differential Pressure
& Temperature.................................................................................... 41
8.2.2 Transmitters for Static Pressure Only ................................................. 41
8.2.3 Temperature Sensing Elements (RTDs) ............................................. 42
8.3 CONTROLLERS ....................................................................................................... 42
8.3.1 Tube Switching Control ....................................................................... 42
8.3.2 Limit Switches ..................................................................................... 42
8.3.3 Flow Control ........................................................................................ 42
8.3.4 Pressure Control ................................................................................. 42
8.3.5 Manual Control ................................................................................... 43
8.3.6 Automatic Over-Ride Control ............................................................. 43
8.4 ODORIZATION ....................................................................................................... 43
8.5 GAS SAMPLING...................................................................................................... 43
8.6 INSTRUMENT GAS SUPPLY .................................................................................... 43
9 ELECTRONIC MEASUREMENT AND TELEMETERING ................................................... 44
9.1 FLOW COMPUTERS ............................................................................................... 44
9.1.1 General Requirements ........................................................................ 44
9.1.2 CPG RTU Types .................................................................................... 44
9.2 GAS QUALITY DEVICES .......................................................................................... 44
9.2.1 Chromatographs ................................................................................. 45
9.2.2 Moisture analyzer ............................................................................... 45
9.2.3 Hydrogen sulfide ................................................................................. 46
9.2.4 Oxygen sensors ................................................................................... 46
9.2.5 Other Devices ...................................................................................... 46

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9.3 TELEMETERING ..................................................................................................... 46
9.4 POWER SUPPLY ..................................................................................................... 46
9.4.1 UPS System ......................................................................................... 47
10 METER RUN SEQUENCING ........................................................................................ 47
10.1 METER RUN SEQUENCING VALVES ....................................................................... 47
10.2 VALVE ACTUATORS ............................................................................................... 47
11 FLOW CONTROL ....................................................................................................... 48
11.1 FLOW CONTROL VALVES ....................................................................................... 48
12 PRESSURE CONTROL ................................................................................................. 48
12.1 PRESSURE CONTROL VALVES ................................................................................ 48
12.2 REGULATION BYPASS ............................................................................................ 49
12.3 CONTROL VALVE SIZING AND SELECTION ............................................................. 49
12.4 CONTROL VALVE INSTALLATION ........................................................................... 50
12.4.1 General ................................................................................................ 50
12.4.2 Piping................................................................................................... 50
12.5 OVERPRESSURE PROTECTION ............................................................................... 50
12.5.1 Criteria for Overpressure Protection .................................................. 51
12.5.2 Selection of Overpressure Protection Devices ................................... 51
12.5.3 Monitored regulator settings ............................................................. 51
12.5.4 Over Pressure Shutdown Valves (Security Valves) ............................. 53
12.6 SAFETY/RELIEF VALVES & OVER PRESSURE PROTECTION .................................... 54
12.6.1 Selection.............................................................................................. 54
12.6.2 Set Pressure ........................................................................................ 54
12.6.3 Relieving Capacity ............................................................................... 55
12.6.4 Safety/Relief Valve Installation ........................................................... 56
13 REMOTE SHUTOFF VALVE ......................................................................................... 57
13.1 REMOTE SHUTOFF VALVES (STATION ISOLATION VALVE).................................... 57
14 FLOW DIRECTION VALVE .......................................................................................... 58
14.1 REMOTE FLOW DIRECTION VALVES ...................................................................... 58
15 YARD PIPING AND HEADERS ..................................................................................... 58
15.1 DESIGN PRESSURE AND TEMPERATURE ............................................................... 58
15.2 PIPE SIZING ............................................................................................................ 58
15.2.1 Station Main Gas Piping ...................................................................... 58
15.2.2 Regulation & Measurement Headers ................................................. 59
15.2.3 Station Bypasses ................................................................................. 59
15.2.4 Meter Tube Inlet/Outlet Piping .......................................................... 59
15.2.5 Other Considerations .......................................................................... 59
15.3 GENERAL PIPING DESIGN ...................................................................................... 60

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15.3.1 Configuration/Layout .......................................................................... 60
15.3.2 Header Configuration ......................................................................... 60
15.3.3 Piping................................................................................................... 60
15.3.4 Flanged connections ........................................................................... 61
15.3.5 Welding ............................................................................................... 62
15.3.6 Pressure Testing .................................................................................. 63
15.3.7 Valves .................................................................................................. 64
15.3.8 Branch Connections ............................................................................ 65
15.3.9 Hot Taps .............................................................................................. 65
15.4 PIPING MATERIALS ................................................................................................ 66
15.5 CATHODIC PROTECTION ....................................................................................... 66
15.5.1 Insulating Flanges................................................................................ 66
15.5.2 Cathodic Protection System ................................................................ 66
15.5.3 Tubing-Insulating Unions .................................................................... 67
15.5.4 Corrosion Coupons (Internal) ............................................................. 67
15.5.5 Painting ............................................................................................... 67
15.5.6 Coating of Buried Piping (CPG Owned or Cathodically Protected) ..... 67
15.5.7 Coating Hot Tap Flange ....................................................................... 68
15.5.8 Corrosion Coupon Test Station (External) .......................................... 68
15.5.9 Weld Over Sleeves .............................................................................. 69
15.5.10 Concrete Sleepers ............................................................................... 69
15.5.11 Below Grade to Above Grade Transition ............................................ 69
15.5.12 Above Grade Pipe Supports ................................................................ 69
16 FILTERSEPARATORS AND LIQUID HANDLING ........................................................... 70
16.1 FILTER SEPARATOR................................................................................................ 70
16.1.1 General ................................................................................................ 70
16.1.2 Configuration ...................................................................................... 71
16.1.3 Performance ....................................................................................... 71
16.1.4 Controls and Instrumentation ............................................................ 71
16.1.5 Drain Connections ............................................................................... 72
16.1.6 Drain Collection Systems .................................................................... 73
16.1.7 Liquid Storage ..................................................................................... 74
16.2 LIQUID LEVEL SHUTOFF......................................................................................... 75
16.3 WATER AND HYDROCARBON DRAINS .................................................................. 75
17 HEATERS .................................................................................................................. 75
17.1 PROCESS GAS HEATING......................................................................................... 75
17.1.1 Indirect Fired Heaters ......................................................................... 75
17.1.2 Catalytic Heaters ................................................................................. 76
18 APPLICABLE CODES & STANDARDS ........................................................................... 76
18.1 FEDERAL REGULATIONS ........................................................................................ 76
18.2 STATE AND LOCAL REGULATIONS ......................................................................... 76

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18.3 INDUSTRY STANDARDS ......................................................................................... 76
18.3.1 General ................................................................................................ 76
18.3.2 Electrical Installations ......................................................................... 77
18.4 COLUMBIA PIPELINE GROUP DOCUMENTS .......................................................... 77
19 DEFINITIONS ............................................................................................................ 78
20 APPENDIX A1 - Restriction Plate Sizing Rotary meters ............................................ 80
21 APPENDIX A2 - Restriction Plate Sizing Turbine Meters .......................................... 81
22 CHANGE LOG ............................................................................................................ 81

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Meter Station Design Standard

1 SCOPE
This Meter Station Design Standard applies to new station design and construction. This
document does not apply to previously constructed and in-service facilities.
This Standard provides minimum requirements for the design, materials and construction
of meter stations for the measurement of gas delivered to or from Columbia Pipeline
Group (CPG) pipelines. Companies delivering gas into or receiving gas from CPG pipelines
shall hereafter be designated Customer.
Point of Delivery (POD) stations are locations where CPG delivers gas to Customers. CPG
owns and operates the tap valve on the CPG pipeline and the pipe on the CPG Right-of-
Way (ROW). Generally, the Customer installs (in the following order) the station piping
adjacent to the CPG ROW, separator, measurement setting, flow control setting (if
required), heater (if required) and overpressure protection setting (to protect the
Customers downstream facilities). Please refer to CPG Drawing GM-TYP-POD3_REV2.
Point of Receipt (POR) stations are locations where CPG receives gas from producers or
non-affiliated transmission companies (Customers). CPG owns and operates the tap valve
on the CPG pipeline and the pipe on the CPG Right-of-Way (ROW). Generally, the
producer installs (in the following order) separator, heater (if required), overpressure
protection setting (to protect CPGs downstream facilities), measurement setting, flow
control setting (if required), and station piping to the CPG ROW). Please refer to CPG
Drawing GM-TYP-POR2_REV2.
Point of Receipt (POR) stations which incorporate ultrasonic measurement settings (USM)
shall install the USM upstream of the overpressure protection setting. Check valves and
static pressure transmitters are typically installed in the station piping downstream of the
measurement and overpressure protection equipment but prior to the CPG ROW. The
check valve ensures gas will not backflow into the producers pipeline. Furthermore, the
pressure transmitter will provide CPG pressure sense on the CPG pipeline which could be
different than the pressure sense on the meter setting (under certain circumstances).
Please refer to CPG Drawing GM-TYP-POR2_REV2.
Because of the wide variety of measurement facilities to which this Standard applies and the
continued advances in technology and changing regulations, this Standard is necessarily
general, and are not meant to be a substitute for the application of good Engineering
judgment to specific design situations. Specific station design must adhere to the appropriate
CPG company tariff. A CPG design engineer will conduct a review of all design and drawings.
Discussions must be held with the CPG Engineering department before any deviations
from this Standard can occur.

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Meter Station Design Standard

1.1 OBJECTIVES
This Standard is intended to:
Minimize uncertainty in custody transfer gas measurement
Ensure Department Of Transportation (DOT) Pipeline and Hazardous Materials
Safety Administration (PHMSA) Code compliant Overpressure Protection (OPP)
Promote cost effective operation of the pipelines and related facilities in
compliance with applicable laws, regulations, codes and standards
Ensure safe working conditions for CPG and Customer personnel

1.2 OWNERSHIP AND DIVISION OF RESPONSIBILITIES


Meter stations may be designed, constructed and owned by CPG or by Customer, or
designed and constructed by CPG for the Customers account and owned by the
Customer. The ownership of the facilities and the division of responsibilities for
design, construction, operation and maintenance shall be as prescribed by the
applicable contracts (Attachments A and B to the interconnect agreement) or
interconnect agreements between CPG and Customers. The latest revision of the
CPG Point of Delivery and Point of Receipt drawings shall be followed unless
otherwise specified in the Meter Set Agreement (MSA) between both companies.

1.2.1 CPG Meter Stations


Meter stations owned by CPG shall be designed and constructed in
accordance with this Standard, and shall be operated and maintained
by CPG.

1.2.2 Customer Meter Stations


Meter stations owned by the Customer, operated and maintained by
CPG, shall be designed and constructed to meet the requirements of
this Standard.
All meter station design calculations and drawings prepared by
Customer/Customers Design Firm shall be reviewed by CPG
prior to fabrication or construction of the facilities. Such review
by CPG shall in no way diminish Customers responsibility for
compliance with this Standard, or with all applicable laws,
regulations, codes and standards.
Provision of this document by CPG to Customer for Customers
use shall in no way diminish Customers responsibility for
compliance with all Federal, State, and Local laws, regulations,
codes, and standards as may be applicable.
CPG shall be afforded the opportunity to participate in shop or
source inspections of meter tubes, orifice fittings, ultrasonic

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Meter Station Design Standard

meters, and other critical materials and equipment items.


CPGs Approved Vendors shall be used.
Meter stations owned, operated and maintained by the
Customer shall be designed and constructed to meet the
requirements of the current AGA specifications, and all PHMSA
codes.
CPG shall review all design drawings.
CPG shall be allowed to participate in witness testing of all
meter calibrations and inspections.

1.2.3 Flow Control and Custody Transfer Operations


For all meter stations, whether owned and operated by CPG or by
Customer, CPG shall retain operational responsibility for flow control
and for operations related to custody transfer as follows:
Calibration and testing of instruments for measurement of flow
parameters and for recording and/or computation of flow.
Inspection and changing of orifice plates and inspection of
meter tubes.
Collection and analysis of gas samples and determination of gas
quality parameters including: specific gravity, heating value,
water vapor content, and excessive amount of diluents such as
H2S, O2, N2 and CO2.

1.3 GAS CONDITIONING


Gas delivered to or from CPG pipelines shall be sweet, clean, dry, pipeline quality gas,
free of harmful contaminants. The specific gas quality requirements shall conform to
the applicable gas contracts or interconnect agreements. Facilities for dehydration,
sweetening, stripping and other gas conditioning equipment that may be necessary to
achieve the required gas quality are beyond the scope of this Standard. However, meter
stations shall include appropriate equipment for gas quality monitoring. See Gas Quality
in the General Design Requirements Section below. Filter separators are covered in
Section 10.1 - Filter Separator.

2 GENERAL DESIGN REQUIREMENTS


This section prescribes requirements generally applicable to all types and sizes of meter
stations. For specific material requirements, please refer to the latest revision of CPG Design
Standard DS-4006 - Electronic Measurement Design Standard.

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Meter Station Design Standard

2.1 PRIMARY DESIGN REQUIREMENTS


Meter stations shall be designed to implement the requirements for measurement,
flow control, pressure regulation, data acquisition, telemetering, odorization and
other conditions of the contractual arrangements between CPG and the Customer.

2.1.1 Design Drawing Requirements


Installation drawings submitted for CPGs review shall be of sufficient
scope and detail that a contractor could use them to install the
equipment. The following elements shall be included as a minimum:
Plot plan showing location of all piping and equipment, to
include production equipment and pipeline interconnect
Piping drawings with elevations and sections as necessary to
fully describe the piping configuration leading to and away from
the meter station
Civil/Structural Drawings
Instrumentation diagram to show the interconnection of all
measurement and control elements
Electrical schematic and plot plan including Hazardous Location
Plan.
Electrical/Instrumentation Wiring Diagrams
Bill of Material listing all equipment

2.1.2 Documentation
All equipment that CPG shall own or operate shall be accompanied by:
Installation, operation and maintenance manuals with complete
parts lists and diagrams
Certification of hazardous area compliance for all installed
equipment
Dimensional drawings of equipment
Safety/relief valve capacity calculations including consideration
of inlet and outlet pressure losses and back pressure on valve
capacity and operational stability using CPGs relief valve
capacity calculation program (SWRI-Rev 5.xls Contact CPG
engineering department)

2.1.3 Flow Rates


The primary design parameter for any meter station is the flow rate. The
meter station must be designed for the expected maximum, minimum and

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Meter Station Design Standard

normal flow rates. The criticality of maintaining uninterrupted flow is an


important design consideration.

2.1.4 Flow Metering


Custody Transfer Measurement (CTM) shall normally be accomplished
using ultrasonic meters, gas turbine meters, orifice meters, positive
displacement meters or Coriolis meters. CPG would prefer installation
of ultrasonic meters for CTM at all stations with gas flow rates greater
than 10 mmcfd. The Customer would have to provide justification for
using turbine or orifice measurement at larger POD or POR stations.
Electronic Flow Measurement (EFM) and telemetry is required
for all meter stations.
Positive displacement rotary meters may be employed for flow
rates below 3,000 ACF/H base volumes with approval of CPG.

2.1.5 Meter Bypass


A meter bypass shall be installed at all meter stations. This includes
measuring stations where a) flow cannot be interrupted, b) which have
only a single meter run or c) may have multiple meter runs.
At a minimum, the bypass valve shall be a full port ball valve with body
bleed valve that can be used to check for seat leakage. The bypass must
be locked shut during normal station operation. Where practical, the
meter run bypass shall be configured with two block valves and meter
run top-works such that a flanged spool piece can be replaced with a
meter in the future.

2.1.6 Flow Control


Although the Customer can control flow in their piping system, CPG
reserves the right to control flow into or out of the CPG piping system.
Remote flow control equipment operated by CPG shall be installed at all
meter stations designed for flow rates of 10 mmcfd or greater, and may be
provided for smaller meter stations where required by the specific
conditions or contract requirements.

2.1.7 Remote Shut-In


CPG requires the capability of remote shut-in by CPG Gas Control of all
interconnect facilities with flow rates greater than 10 mmcfd in
Columbia Gulf Transmission. The remote shut-in valve shall consist of a
full port ball valve with actuator with snap action full open/full close
control.

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2.1.8 Design Pressure


All meter station piping (and other pressure containing components) shall
have a design pressure, and shall be tested for a maximum allowable
operating pressure (MAOP) equal to or greater than the highest pressure
the piping will be subjected to.
For any POD meter station receiving gas from a CPG pipeline,
the piping (upstream of any pressure regulation) shall have a
design pressure and MAOP equal to or greater than that of the
CPG pipeline. Any piping downstream of pressure regulation
that has a design pressure or MAOP lower than that of the CPG
pipeline shall be protected by suitable pressure limiting devices
and/or security valves. (Reference PHMSA Part 192.195.) The
Customer is not permitted to use relief valves for overpressure
protection to preclude venting gas to atmosphere.
For any POR meter station delivering gas into a CPG pipeline,
the piping shall have a design pressure and MAOP equal to or
greater than that of the CPG pipeline. Suitable pressure limiting
devices and/or security valves shall be installed to protect the
meter station, the CPG pipeline, and any ASME code pressure
vessels included in the facility from overpressure. (Reference
PHMSA Part 192.195.) The Customer is not permitted to use
relief valves for overpressure protection to preclude venting gas
to atmosphere.
All ASME code vessels' MAWP (maximum allowable working
pressure) shall be designed to 110% or more of the station or
pipeline MAOP.
Meter station gas piping shall be based on a design factor of
0.50 in Class Locations 1, 2 and 3, and a design factor of 0.4 in
Class Location 4 in accordance with PHMSA Part 192.111.

2.1.9 Design Temperature


Meter stations shall be designed for the maximum and minimum gas
temperatures (+120 to 20F) and for the maximum and minimum
ambient temperatures (+120 to 20F). Consideration shall be given to
the necessity for gas heating during low ambient temperatures,
particularly for meter stations with pressure regulation and for
instrument gas supply systems. All ASME vessels shall be designed for a
Minimum Design Metal Temperature (MDMT) of 20F.
The MDMT is the lowest ambient temperature (per specific application
location) that an ASME vessel is designed to encounter without making

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the vessels metal subject to brittle failure.

2.1.10 Gas Quality


Meter stations shall be designed to ensure that gas delivered into any
CPG pipeline meets the gas quality requirements of the CPG Tariff and
the interconnect agreement. The meter station design shall include gas
conditioning equipment (filters, separators, dehydrators, heaters, etc.)
as necessary to ensure the required gas quality or as otherwise
required in succeeding sections of this Standard.
A filter-separator is required at any measuring station flowing
more than 1,000 Dth/day and shall be installed immediately
upstream of the meter that delivers gas into a CPG pipeline. See
Section 10.1 - Filter - Separators.
A liquid level shutoff device may be installed immediately
upstream of any meter four-inch or smaller, delivering gas into a
CPG pipeline. See Section 10.2 - Liquid Level Shutoff.
At the discretion of CPG, a continuous gas sampler or
chromatograph may be required at meter stations and shall be
installed at the time of the station construction or afterwards
for cause. See Section 7.5 - Gas Sampling and Section 8.2.1 -
Chromatographs.
Other devices for monitoring gas quality, such as moisture
analyzers, shall be installed where required by the contract
provisions or by other special situations.
Gas quality monitoring shall be installed at meter stations where
the gas source is a treatment facility (sweetening, etc.), or
where the gas source otherwise has the potential for delivering
gas with a hydrogen sulfide content (H2S), Oxygen
(O2),Nitrogen (N2), Carbon Dioxide (CO2) or other
contamination that exceeds the gas quality requirements of the
receiving pipeline. All such monitors shall be arranged to
automatically shut in the meter station in the event that the
monitored parameter(s) exceed(s) preset levels.

2.1.11 Odorization
The meter station design shall include suitable facilities for the odorization
of gas when such odorization is required by the applicable Meter Set
Agreement (MSA), contract or by Federal, State or local regulations. See
Section 7.4 Odorization for additional details.

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2.1.12 Bi-Directional Meter Stations


Meter stations requiring bi-directional flow shall have piping and valves
installed to allow gas from either direction to be routed through the
meter runs, gas conditioning equipment, and flow control (when
possible) in only one direction. Limit switches shall be installed on all
valves used to route the gas and shall be wired to the CPG flow
computer so that flow direction can be determined. Bi-directional
meter runs shall not be installed without CPG approval. Any gas
conditioning equipment shall treat the gas flow in both flow directions.

2.1.13 Meter Run End Closures


All meter runs shall have full opening end closures equipped with safety
bleeds to ensure that the closure shall not be opened under pressure.

2.1.14 Pipeline Taps


Where parallel CPG lines are present, consideration shall be given to
installing additional taps for stations where flow continuation is critical
or for capacity considerations. The maximum design velocity through
the tap is limited to 80 ft/s at maximum flow and minimum pressure.

2.1.15 Automatic Shutoff Valves


In certain applications, by agreement, valves shall be installed for the sole
purpose of shutting in a measuring station based on conditions such as high
moisture dew point or hydrogen sulfide levels. These valves shall be
designed to remain shut until a CPG employee determines the condition
has abated and the valve can be reset (opened).

2.1.16 Check Valves


Check valves shall be installed in unidirectional stations to preclude
backflow when upset conditions occur.

2.2 METER STATION SITE

2.2.1 Location Considerations


The selection of a meter station site is constrained by the location of
the CPG pipeline and the location where gas is to be delivered or
received. Final site selection shall be approved by CPG and shall
consider the following.
The site should be immediately adjacent to the CPG pipeline
right-of-way. Where this is not practical, the site shall be as
close to the pipeline right-of-way as practical. If the site is not

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immediately adjacent to the CPG pipeline right-of-way, then


right-of-way will have to be obtained for the pipeline connecting
the meter station to the CPG pipeline.
The site shall be accessible from an all-weather road (when
possible).
The site must be large enough for the proposed meter station
facilities; large enough to provide for necessary parking and for
truck and equipment access; and large enough to provide buffer
zones between the above ground facilities and adjacent
properties in accordance with the codes and standards
referenced herein, and in accordance with local zoning and
environmental regulations. The site must be elevated (if
necessary) in Federal Flood zone.
The site shall be in a well-drained area, not subject to
inundation. Environmentally sensitive areas shall be avoided
where practical.
Sound pressure levels (noise) should be considered when
selecting the size and location of the station site.

2.2.2 Site Preparation


Meter station sites shall be cleared and graded as required to
accommodate the facilities and to provide for drainage. Consideration
shall be given to leaving trees and other natural vegetation in buffer or
peripheral areas to provide screening, noise attenuation, and to reduce
storm water run-off.

2.2.3 Paving and Sidewalks


Access from the nearest all-weather road and parking for vehicles shall
be prepared to provide all weather access. Sidewalks or pavement shall
be provided for outside areas that are routinely accessed by operating
personnel. See CPG Design Standard DS.40.002 Access Road Standard
for general requirements.
Pavement for vehicle access and parking may be concrete,
asphalt, gravel or other suitable material. Sub-grade and
pavement shall be designed to accommodate the heaviest
vehicles expected. As a minimum, parking shall be provided for
at least one passenger vehicle (automobile or pickup truck).
Parking may be inside or outside the meter station fence. If
parking is outside the fence, it must be on meter station
property and clear of public right-of-ways.

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If odorant delivery trucks, vacuum trucks, or other large vehicles


are expected to visit the meter station site in the course of
normal operations, then adequate parking and turn-around
space shall be provided for such vehicles. For safety, CPG
company policy requires driving forward out of parking spaces
(which may require backing into spaces while parking vehicles.)
Sidewalks and other outdoor walking areas may be concrete,
gravel or crushed stone and shall be designed to provide
operating personnel with safe and convenient access to building
entries and to outside operating areas. Stiles and elevated
walkways shall be provided where necessary for convenient
operational access.
Areas covered with gravel, crushed stone or similar material
shall be under-laid with geotextile fabric to prevent the growth
of vegetation.

2.2.4 Landscaping
Normally, landscaping will be limited to re-vegetating cleared and
unpaved areas with vegetation suitable for the local area.
In accordance with the above Site Preparation section, trees and
other natural vegetation may be left in buffer or peripheral
areas to provide screening, noise attenuation, and to reduce
storm water run-off.
If site permits or local agencies prescribe special landscaping
requirements, then such requirements shall be adhered to in
lieu of or in addition to that specified herein.

2.2.5 Fencing
Each meter station site shall be fenced. The fenced area shall be large
enough to enclose all above ground facilities; to provide space for
operational and maintenance access; and to enclose all classified
hazardous areas.
Fence shall conform to CPGs Design Standard DS.40.001
Security Fencing Standard.
At least one vehicle gate with a minimum width of 12 feet, and
at least one pedestrian gate shall be provided at all meter
stations. Placement of entrances shall provide access to all
facilities within the fenced area.
Pedestrian gates shall open outward.
A warning marker, in accordance with PHMSA Part 192.707,

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shall be placed on the main entrance gate. The marker shall


show the name and emergency numbers of the meter station
operator along with the other required information.
Pipe barriers will be installed as necessary to protect equipment
from damage.
CPG recommends that station fences be properly grounded.
This is of particular importance at PODs to power plants.

2.3 BUILDINGS/ENCLOSURES
For specific material requirements, please refer to the latest revision of CPG Design
Standard DS-4006 - Electronic Measurement Design Standard.
Buildings are required to protect chromatographs, moisture analyzers, flow
computers and sensitive electrical and electronic components from excessive heat
and moisture and M&R stations. Measuring stations shall have a walk-in EFM
building installed at stations utilizing electronic measurement equipment (except
Low Cost Electronic Measurement (LCEM) applications where EFM equipment is
mounted directly to measurement runs). Stations employing a gas chromatograph
require a walk-in building (unless waived by CPG Engineering and Operations).

2.3.1 General Requirements - RTU or Chromatograph Building (General


purpose no high pressure gas)
Buildings shall be of non-combustible materials. Pre-engineered
or pre-fabricated metal buildings are preferred, but masonry
buildings are acceptable. Buildings shall conform to the Building
Officials and Code Administrators (BOCA) National Building
Code, and to all applicable local codes. Metal buildings shall be
insulated and conform to the Metal Building Manufacturers
Association Recommended Design Practices Manual and
CPGs Equipment Specification EQ.40.009 Metal Building
Specification.
Skid mounted, pre-fabricated insulated metal buildings are
preferred and shall have non-skid steel flooring.
All chromatograph buildings shall be obtained from CPG
approved vendors per CPGs Specification.
Chromatograph buildings shall be designed for erection on a
concrete sonotube or pier foundations.
Buildings shall be properly grounded and all building electrical
installations shall conform to the requirements set forth under
Electrical Installations in the Applicable Codes & Standards section
of this document.

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The building shall be adequately sized to accommodate the


contained equipment with a minimum size of 8-0 by 12-0 for
chromatograph and RTU housing. Minimum eve height shall be
80 for both types of buildings.
Doors shall be lockable, equipped with stainless steel hinges and
operable from inside the building. Any batteries with the
capability of emitting hazardous or corrosive gas shall be
installed in a box with the batteries vented outside of the
building. Recombinant batteries do not need to be vented.
Where commercial power is available, the building shall have a
standard 100 amp power service, a distribution panel, interior
lighting and two GFCI protected duplex receptacles.
If lighting cannot be provided, meter/chromatograph buildings
must have windows or skylights to provide adequate light inside
the building during the day.
Where non-classified electrical equipment is to be installed
inside the building, the building shall be located outside
classified hazardous areas.
Chromatograph and RTU buildings shall be equipped with an
HVAC unit where possible. If power is not available, the building
shall have properly located screened vent louvers of sufficient
number and size to provide fresh air flow into the building.
The building shall not be installed over meter runs. A canopy
shall be installed over ultrasonic meter runs.

2.3.2 General Requirements Electrical Equipment Enclosures


All electronic panels and enclosures shall meet NEMA 4 requirements
as a minimum and shall have the following labels:
A warning label specifying maximum internal voltage
An enclosure function label (e.g., RTU Breaker Panel, Intrinsic
Safe Equipment etc.)

2.3.3 Area Classification


All areas in a meter station shall be classified in accordance with NEC
Article 500 and AGA Catalog #XL1001, Classification of Locations for
Electrical Installations in Gas Utility Areas.
It must be understood that the following AGA definitions are guidelines
only (as outlined by AGA Catalog #XL1001.) These guidelines shall be
used with sound engineering judgment for final determination of

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hazardous area boundaries.


The hazardous area around a full pipeline pressure vent and
power gas vents is Div. I to a spherical radius of 5 feet and Div. II
to a spherical radius of 15 feet.
The hazardous area around all gas process valves and flanges in
a non-enclosed, open, adequately ventilated area is Div. II to a
spherical radius of 15 feet.
The hazardous area around gas process valves and flanges in an
adequately ventilated building area is Div. II to the extent of the
interior of that building.
The hazardous area around gas process valves and flanges in a
poorly ventilated building area is Div. I to the extent of the
interior of that building.
The hazardous area around low-pressure instrument vents in a
non-enclosed, open, adequately ventilated area is Div. I to a
spherical radius of 1.5 feet and Div. II a spherical radius of 5
feet.
The hazardous area around a pig trap vent valve and door is Div.
I to a spherical radius of 5 feet and Div. II to a spherical radius of
15 feet.
The interior of a transmitters protective enclosure shall be
defined as Class 1, Group D, Division II if all routine transmitter
venting of hydrocarbons is carried to the outside of its
enclosure. In addition, the enclosure shall be adequately
ventilated in accordance with the General Requirements
Electrical Equipment Enclosures section of this document.
The area outside the meters transmitter enclosure shall be a
Class 1, Group D, Division II area, unless a Division 1
classification is required by other equipment or facilities in the
area. The classified area shall extend to at least 1.5 feet
spherical radius in all directions from the enclosure. (See PC-11
of AGA Catalog XL1001.)
The EFM Building shall not be located in a Class 1, Group D,
Division 1 area. The meter building may be located in a Class 1,
Group D, Division II area ONLY IF ALL ELECTRIC EQUIPMENT
WITHIN THE BUILDING MEET THE REQUIREMENTS FOR DIVISION
II HAZARDOUS AREA. If so placed, the interior of the meter
building shall also be classified Class 1, Group D, Division II.
Areas beyond the defined boundaries of hazardous areas are
unclassified.

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2.3.4 Grounding
All buildings, structures and equipment shall be grounded in
accordance with the applicable codes and standards to minimize
equipment damage and personnel hazards from lightning and electrical
faults.
A grounding loop shall be placed around each building and
around other equipment structures, with 32# magnesium
anodes placed at opposite corners.
Ground loop shall be stranded, bare, minimum gauge #2/0
HMWPE coated copper wiring.
The minimum size conductor to be used in a grounding loop is
#2/0 AWG.
The minimum size grounding conductor to be used for
connecting buildings and other large structures to the ground
loop shall be #2 AWG.
All electrical equipment shall be connected to the grounding
grid in accordance with NEC Article 250.
All electrical connections made to the ground loop underground
shall be made with thermally fused bonds (e.g. "Cadweld"
connections) and such connections shall be insulated using
"Scotch Cast" or equivalent splice insulation.

2.3.5 Lighting
Where lighting is provided for a meter station, the lighting design shall
conform to CPGs Design Standard DS.20.009 Lighting Standard. The
design shall provide symmetrical and uniform illumination for the
various areas. All sites with flow control, where practical, shall have
outdoor lighting with a switch or breaker inside the RTU building.
The average illumination levels for specific meter station areas shall be as
follows:

EFM Building 25 to 35 candle

Equipment Area Floodlighting 10 to 15 candle

Open Area Floodlighting 5 to 10 candle

Outdoor lighting shall be HID luminaries with metal halide (MH)


preferred. All HID luminaries shall have high power-factor
ballasts. Building interior lighting shall consist of incandescent or
fluorescent fixtures.

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All lighting fixtures shall be suitable for operation in the


hazardous area classification in which they are installed.

2.3.6 Electrical Installations


All electrical installations shall conform to the referenced codes and
standards and shall be in accordance with the following minimum
requirements:
A conduit run between pull points shall not contain more than
the equivalent of three one-quarter bends (270 degrees total).
The radii of all conduit bends shall be in accordance with the
current NEC specifications. All field bends are to be made with
an approved conduit bender.
Conduits shall be securely supported at intervals not exceeding
10 feet. Vertical, exposed risers shall be supported at the top
and bottom and at intervals not exceeding 20 feet. Conduit shall
be firmly supported within 3 to 5 feet of any conduit
termination, such as at a conduit fitting, outlet body, junction
box, cabinet, or device.
Conduit fittings, devices, and junction boxes shall be installed
with openings faced outward, allowing full interior access
without disassembly of conduit or fittings.
Power and control circuits for the same device, (e.g. 240 V
motor power with its 120 VAC controls) can be installed in the
same conduit. However, all conductors in the same conduit shall
have the same insulation level.
AC and DC circuits shall not be placed into the same conduits.
Intrinsic safe circuits shall be routed in dedicated conduits. Non-
intrinsic safe wiring shall not be run with intrinsic safe circuits.

2.3.7 Conduit and Wire Sizes


The minimum size for aboveground conduit shall be 3/4".
Conduits running to devices with a 1/2" NPT connection shall be
reduced at the device.
Conduit installed underground shall not be smaller than 1" size
and shall be installed at a minimum depth of 18.
Conduit shall be hot dipped galvanized steel. All conduit
installed below grade shall be Robroy Red or Permacoat PVC
coated or CLX plastic coated. In above ground installations
where flexibility is required, the use of approved flexible
conduits is permitted in Class 1, Division 1 areas use ECLK style

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conduit. In Class 1 Division 2 areas use Liquid tight flexible


conduit.
At buried conduit crossings with foreign company facilities, a
minimum of 1-ft separation is required.
Conduits buried in highly corrosive soil can be protected by
encasement in concrete. The concrete shall be colored red for
identification of electrical conduit encasement. Conduits buried
in areas of heavy traffic can be protected by being covered with
a concrete slab. The concrete shall be colored red for
identification of electrical conduit underneath.
Wiring to be connected to compression type terminal strips
shall be terminated with wire ferrules. Wiring to be connected
to screw type terminal strips shall be terminated with forked
tongue terminals.
All wiring shall be labeled with its next destination (e.g., TS 1A-
25). The wiring shall not be labeled with its present location or
its ultimate destination.
Signal wiring for current-loop (2-wire) or voltage (3-wire)
instrumentation transducers shall be #18 or #16 AWG,
with/drain wire shielding. [Belden 9318 (18 gauge) or Belden
9316 (16 gauge) or equal].
Signal wiring for RTD temperature sensors shall be #18 or #16
AWG with foil/drain wire shielding. For cable distances to the
RTD sensor less than 50 feet, a 3-wire RTD is acceptable. If the
cable distance is over 50 feet, a 4-wire RTD is required if the
associated instrument will accommodate 4 wires [Belden 9365
(18 gauge) or Belden 9366 (16 gauge) or equal].
Signal wiring for thermocouple temperature sensors shall be
#22 to #18 AWG twisted pair with foil/drain wire shielding. This
cable shall be thermocouple compensation, extension cable
compatible with the type thermocouple used. Copper wire shall
never be used for thermocouple extension cable [Belden 9365
(18 gauge) or Belden 9366 (16 gauge) or equal].
Control wiring for position, limit, pressure, temperature, or flow
switches shall be #18 AWG minimum.
Control wiring for 24 VDC solenoid valves shall be a #16 AWG
(or larger if necessary for voltage drop considerations). A
suppression diode shall be installed across the coil of each
solenoid control valve at the valve.
Include 20% spare conductors to allow for future needs.

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All electrical devices installed on a skid should have conduits


installed and routed to a bulkhead area at the edge of the skid
for Customer connections in the field.

2.3.8 Load Centers


A distribution panel shall be installed at sites that use commercial power
and have an RTU/Chromatograph building. The lighting distribution panel
shall be single phase, minimum 100 Amp, 8 circuit, and 240/120 volt.
Circuit breakers for lighting circuits and receptacles shall be 120
volts, single pole, 15 or 20 Amp rating based on associated loads
or capacity.
The lighting panel load center shall be solidly grounded as per
Section 2.5.2, Grounding.

2.3.9 Transient AC Power and Telecommunications Voltage Surge


Suppression
Heavy duty, industrial grade, surge suppressors shall be installed
on all incoming AC power and telephone/telecommunications
circuits.
AC surge suppressors shall be connected to a double pole 240
VAC, 30 Amp breaker in the lighting load distribution center.
Suppressor power wiring lead lengths to the breaker shall be
kept to 1 ft. length or less for optimal surge protection.
Each surge suppressor shall be solidly grounded to the stations
ground grid.

3 ULTRASONIC METERS
NOTE
CPG recommends use of Ultrasonic Measurement at stations flowing more than 10 mmcfd.

This section describes requirements for ultrasonic meters for custody transfer
measurement (CTM) of natural gas. Meter tube assemblies and ultrasonic meters shall be
designed, fabricated, tested and inspected in accordance with all applicable requirements
of the latest edition of AGA Transmission Measurement Committee Report No. 9,
Measurement of Gas by Multipath Ultrasonic Meters (AGA 9), applicable CPG Standard
Drawings and CPG Design Standard DS-4004- Multi-Path Ultrasonic Meter Standards for
Custody Transfer. Ultrasonic meters shall be used on gas flow only. Care should be taken
to preclude two phase flow across ultrasonic measurement intended for gas service.

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3.1 SIZING CRITERIA


The number and size of ultrasonic meter runs shall be selected for an optimum
operating range between 5 fps and 75 fps with a maximum operating range
between 3 fps to 85 fps. The maximum operating range should not occur more than
5% of the meter in-service time. Size determination is also based on the maximum
flow rate at the minimum pressure and the minimum flow rate at the maximum
pressure.

3.1.1 Multiple Ultrasonic Meter Runs


Multiple ultrasonic meter runs shall be installed where necessary for
the maximum design flow rates and as required for turndown between
maximum and minimum flow rates. Multiple ultrasonic meter runs shall
be of the same size and configuration. Automatic tube switching shall
be provided to automatically bring tubes on line, or take tubes off line
as required to maintain flow rates through individual meters within the
range recommended by the manufacturer. Run sequencing valves shall
be meter run diameter full port ball valves installed downstream of the
ultrasonic meter in the meters normal flow direction. Using the outlet
meter run block valve for run sequencing is not recommended.
Multiple ultrasonic meter runs shall be installed with a ball valve bypass
as specified in this document.

3.1.2 Single Ultrasonic Meter Runs


Single ultrasonic meter runs shall be installed with a ball valve bypass as
specified in this document.

3.2 ULTRASONIC METER TUBES


Ultrasonic meter tubes for custody transfer measurement shall be per the CPG
Standard Drawings. The tubes will include a Daniel Profiler or Canada Pipeline
Accessories CPA 50E flow conditioner, and a Daniel Senior Sonic or Sic Maihak
Flowsic ultrasonic meter, with raised face flanged inlet and outlet. Meter tube
components shall be manufactured and meter tubes assembled and tested by an
approved vendor capable of ensuring that the completed meter tube assemblies
meet all applicable requirements of AGA 9. A 16-inch ultrasonic is the largest
acceptable meter unless CPG Engineering gives written approval.

3.2.1 Throttling Devices


A throttling device, such as a regulator or partially closed valve, shall
not be installed in close proximity to the ultrasonic meter. A header
assembly shall separate multiple meter settings from the
control/regulator setting. The meter station shall be designed to
incorporate 50 D of pipe and a minimum of two noise abatement
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fittings (deadheaded tee with blind flange or weld cap) between the
noise generator and meter.

3.2.2 Pipe
Pipe used in the fabrication of meter tubes shall be select pipe, meeting
the dimensional and surface finish tolerances of AGA 9, and
manufactured under ASTM Standard A106 or API 5L. Pipe wall thickness
and yield strength shall be selected to provide the required design
pressure with a 0.5 design Factor after the meter tube is honed. The
meter tube ID shall match the internal diameter of the ultrasonic meter
after the meter tube is honed. The meter tube shall be honed with an
average internal surface roughness of 50 to 250 microinches.

3.2.3 Flanges
Flanges for meter tubes shall be raised face weld neck flanges, bored to
match the meter tube inside diameter.
Normally flanges shall be ASTM A105 forged steel flanges in
accordance with ASME/ANSI B16.5 Pipe Flanges and Flanged
Fittings. Where A105 flanges are to be welded to high yield
strength pipe, (SMYS > 35000 psi) flange hubs shall be specially
prepared to develop the full strength of the pipe. Alternately,
flanges shall be in accordance with MSS SP-44, Steel Pipeline
Flanges, and have a yield strength matching that of the pipe to
which they are welded. Furthermore, the flanges at the USM
and the flow conditioner shall be dowel pinned for precise
meter tube alignment.

3.2.4 Auxiliary Connections


Meter tubes shall have auxiliary connections for vents, instrument gas
taps, temperature instruments and sample probes. The size and
location of these taps shall be as shown on the CPG Standard Drawings.
All meter tube welds shall be ground smooth internally, to
match the contour of the pipe wall.

3.2.5 Shop Testing and Inspection


Meter tubes shall be tested and inspected in the fabricators shop, in
accordance with the referenced codes and standards and as outlined in
the Pressure Testing section of this document.
CPG shall be afforded the opportunity to review all of these tests and
inspections whether the meter tubes are purchased by CPG or by the

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Customer. All tests and inspections shall be thoroughly documented


and copies of all test and inspection reports shall be furnished to CPG.
The meter tube, ultrasonic meter and accessories furnished by
the fabricator shall be inspected to confirm compliance with
AGA 9 and the purchase documents.
Ultrasonic meters shall be flow calibrated at anticipated
operating pressure and temperature. The meter test
configuration shall include as a minimum, the ultrasonic meter,
the upstream and downstream meter tube sections, the flow
conditioner and the temperature transmitter. Meter run flow
testing shall be conducted at an approved facility. The CEESI,
Iowa facility is preferred. The TransCanada Calibrations facility
in Winnipeg or Southwest Research in San Antonio may be used
with prior CPG approval. A four week notice of calibration to the
CPG Design Engineer is required.
Design drawings shall be received from fabricator prior to
sending unit for flow calibration.
After fabrication and non-destructive testing of the meter run,
provisions shall be made for CPG to witness the wet
calibration of the ultrasonic meter either in person or remotely.
The ultrasonic meter and meter run shall be flow calibrated in
the same configuration as intended for operation. This includes
installation of all test/temperature wells, flow conditioner, etc.
The USM should be fabricated and assembled prior to wet
calibration and not disassembled unless the length of the entire
setting precludes safe shipping. Ultrasonic meter and run should
be dowel pinned by the meter run fabricator to ensure proper
line up and reassembly in the field if required.
The flow calibration test rates are as follows: minimum flow of 3
fps, 10 fps, 25 fps, 40 fps, 60 fps, 75 fps and 100 fps. The flow
calibration facility shall use the manufacturers ultrasonic meter
correction factors upon consultation with the CPG witness. See
Form FRM.210.002 OP Master Mic Sheet for additional testing
Requirements.
The flow calibration facility shall verify correction factors have
been applied to the ultrasonic meter at two flow rates of 25 and
65 fps.
In addition to documentation for tests and inspections described
above, the fabricator shall provide the following to CPG: ultrasonic
meter calibration curves/reports; certification that the meter tube

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assemblies comply with all applicable requirements of AGA 9;


certification that materials and fabrication comply with PHMSA Part
192; and copies of radiographic reports and other applicable quality
control documents.

3.3 ULTRASONIC METER INSTRUMENTATION


For specific material requirements, please refer to the latest revision of CPG Design
Standard DS-4006 - Electronic Measurement Design Standard.
Electronic Flow Measurement (EFM) shall be employed at all ultrasonic meter stations.
Each ultrasonic meter run shall be equipped with instrumentation to measure ultrasonic
meter output pulses, static pressure and flowing gas temperature for the computation of
flow rate. General installation requirements are outlined below. Specific requirements for
transmitters, computers, controllers, and other instruments are included in Design
Standard DS-4006 - Electronic Measurement Design Standard.

3.3.1 Ultrasonic Meter Output


The ultrasonic meter shall output uncorrected pulse to the CPG flow
computer that will perform the flow calculations. A data valid signal will also
be required for ultrasonic measurement. With CPG approval, ultrasonic
meters can be set up for bidirectional gas flow measurement with flow
direction input to the CPG flow computer.

3.3.2 Static Pressure


At Columbia Gulf Transmission and Columbia Gas Transmission stations,
Rosemount 3051 static pressure transmitter shall be used for measuring
static pressure and shall be direct mounted on the two valve manifold which
shall be tapped into the pressure connection on the meter body where
practical. Where necessary, stainless steel tubing connections shall be 0.5
diameter, as short as practical and sloped to drain back to the ultrasonic
meter.

3.3.3 Flowing Gas Temperature


At Columbia Gulf Transmission and Columbia Gas Transmission stations,
Rosemount 3144 temperature transmitter shall be used for measuring
flowing gas temperature with appropriately sized thermowell.
The thermal element shall be located at the first auxiliary connection
downstream of the ultrasonic meter within 3 to 5 pipe diameters
downstream of the USM on each Ultrasonic meter run.
Each meter run shall have a dedicated thermal element installed
for the same meter run.

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All thermal elements shall be installed in thermometer wells


that extend into the top third diameter of the meter tube.
A test thermowell shall be provided on each meter tube. The
test well shall be downstream of the sensing thermal element.

3.3.4 Differential Pressure


At Columbia Gulf Transmission stations, Rosemount 3095 multi-
variable (PDPTT) transmitter shall be used for measuring differential
pressure across the flow conditioning plate (FCP) by direct-mounting on
the five valve manifold, which is direct mounted on the orifice flanges
on either side of the (FCP). Where necessary, stainless steel tubing
connections shall be 0.5 diameter, as short as practical and sloped to
drain back to the orifice flanges. Differential pressure across the FCP is
used to monitor ultrasonic measurement.
At Columbia Gas Transmission stations, Rosemount 3051 differential
pressure (DP) transmitter shall be used for measuring differential
pressure across the flow conditioning plate (FCP) by direct-mounting on
the five valve manifold, which is direct mounted on the orifice flanges
on either side of the (FCP). Where necessary, stainless steel tubing
connections shall be 0.5 diameter, as short as practical and sloped to
drain back to the orifice flanges. Differential pressure across the FCP is
used to monitor ultrasonic measurement.

3.4 INSTALLATION

3.4.1 General Arrangement


Meter tubes shall be installed square and level with the centerline at a
height between 3 feet and 4 feet above grade. Spacing between the
outside diameters of the runs shall be a minimum of 4 feet for
operational and maintenance access. A canopy or cover designed for
the location and loads shall be installed over the ultrasonic meter runs
to keep sunlight off the meter runs to prevent thermal currents in the
meter tube.
The piping design shall allow for the addition of a temporary or
permanent check meter such as a clamp-on ultrasonic meter.

3.4.2 Supports
Meter tubes shall be adequately supported. Adjustable pipe supports
are preferred. As a minimum, one support shall be provided on the
meter tube on either side of the ultrasonic meter, and at least one
additional support shall be provided on the upstream section. Support

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design must provide for removal of the upstream section of the meter
tube, and/or the ultrasonic meter, for inspection and must ensure that
the other tube sections are adequately supported, even when the
upstream section and/or ultrasonic meter are removed.

3.4.3 Inlet and Outlet Valves


Each meter run shall have an inlet valve and an outlet valve so that the
run can be isolated. These valves shall be full port double block and
bleed ball valves with raised face-flanged ends. Six-inch and larger
valves shall have either a gear or pneumatic operator.
Outlet valves on secondary meter runs may be used for
automatic tube switching and, in this event, will be equipped
with double-acting, pneumatic actuators. (See Meter Run
Sequencing section of this Standard.)
A 1 inch loading valve shall be installed across the inlet block
valve to ensure the integrity of the ball valve seats.

4 TURBINE METERS
NOTE
Although CPG has approved Turbine meters for Custody Transfer Measurement, CPG
recommends use of Ultrasonic Measurement at stations flowing more than 10 mmcfd.
Please refer to the Ultrasonic Meters section of this Standard for more information.

This section describes requirements for turbine meters for measurement of natural gas.
Single or dual rotor Sensus turbine meters are acceptable for use by CPG. (Columbia Gas
Transmission limits use to single rotor turbine meters.) Meter tube assemblies and turbine
meters shall be designed, fabricated, tested and inspected in accordance with all
applicable requirements of the latest edition of AGA Transmission Measurement
Committee Report No. 7, Measurement of Gas by Turbine Meters, applicable CPG
Standard Drawings and CPG Design Standard DS-4007 - Turbine Meter Standards for
Custody Transfer.

4.1 SIZING CRITERIA


The number and size of turbine meter runs shall be selected to measure the
maximum flow rate at the minimum pressure and the minimum flow rate at the
maximum pressure, while maintaining flow rates of individual meters within the
range recommended by the manufacturer.

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4.1.1 Multiple Turbine Meter Runs


Multiple turbine meter runs shall be installed where necessary for the
maximum design flow rates and as required for turndown between
maximum and minimum flow rates. Except in cases where extreme
turndown ratios are required or in other special circumstances, it is
preferred that multiple turbine meter runs be of the same size and
configuration. Automatic tube switching shall be provided through the
flow computer for stations with multiple meter runs to automatically
bring tubes on line, or take tubes off line as required to maintain flow
rates through individual meters within the range recommended by the
manufacturer. Run sequencing valves shall be butterfly valves installed
downstream of the turbine meter in the meters normal flow direction.
Using the outlet meter run block valve for run sequencing is not
recommended. Multiple turbine meter runs shall be installed with a ball
valve bypass as specified in this document.

4.1.2 Single Turbine Meter Runs


Single turbine meter runs shall be installed with a ball valve bypass as
specified in this document.

4.2 TURBINE METER TUBES


Turbine meter tubes for custody transfer measurement shall only be installed at
delivery points from CPG and require engineering approval. Meter tube components
shall be manufactured and meter tubes assembled and tested by an approved
vendor capable of ensuring that the completed meter tube assemblies meet all
applicable requirements of AGA 7.
All meter tube welds shall be ground smooth internally, to match the
contour of the pipe wall.
Spare turbine meter modules shall be supplied with all turbine meter run
station installations.

4.3 TURBINE METER INSTRUMENTATION


Electronic Flow Measurement (EFM) shall be employed at all turbine meter stations.
For specific material requirements, please refer to the latest revision of CPG Design
Standard DS-4006 - Electronic Measurement Design Standard.

4.3.1 Turbine Meter Output


The turbine meter shall output uncorrected pulse to the CPG flow
computer that will do billing flow calculations. The pulse should
originate from the meter slot sensor. An external pulser may be used by
the Customer for check measurement. Sensus (dual rotor) Auto Adjust

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Turbine meters shall not be used for Columbia Gas Transmission


applications. Sensus (dual rotor) Auto Adjust Turbine meters may be
used for Columbia Gulf Transmission applications.

4.3.2 Static Pressure


At Columbia Gulf Transmission and Columbia Gas Transmission
stations, Rosemount 3051 static pressure transmitter shall be used for
measuring static pressure and shall be direct-mounted on the two valve
manifold, which shall be tapped into the pressure connection on the
meter body where practical. Where necessary, stainless steel tubing
connections shall be 0.5 diameter, as short as practical and sloped to
drain back to the turbine meter.

4.3.3 Flowing Gas Temperature


At Columbia Gulf Transmission and Columbia Gas Transmission
stations, Rosemount 3144 temperature transmitter shall be used for
measuring flowing gas temperature with appropriately sized
thermowell.
The thermal element shall be located at the first auxiliary connection
downstream of the meter on each turbine meter run.
All thermal elements shall be installed in thermometer wells
that extend into the central third of the gas stream.
Wiring for the thermal element shall be installed to the multi-
variable transmitter for the same meter run.
A test thermowell shall be provided on each meter tube. The
test well shall be downstream of the sensing thermal element.

4.4 INSTALLATION

4.4.1 General Arrangement


Meter tubes shall be installed square and level with a centerline height
between 3 feet and 4 feet above grade. Minimum spacing between and
around meter tubes shall be adequate for operational and maintenance
access.

4.4.2 Supports
Meter tubes shall be adequately supported using adjustable pipe
supports.

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4.4.3 Inlet and Outlet Valves


Each meter run shall have an inlet valve and an outlet valve so that the
run can be isolated. These valves shall be full port double block and
bleed ball valves with raised face-flanged ends. Six-inch and larger
valves shall have either a gear or pneumatic operator.
Outlet valves on secondary meter runs may be used for
automatic tube switching and, in this event, will be equipped
with double-acting, pneumatic actuators (see Meter Run
Sequencing section of this document).
A 1 inch loading valve shall be installed across the inlet block
valve to ensure the integrity of the ball valve seats

4.4.4 Meter Protection


The meter tube blow down size shall be limited as specified by AGA 7.
A restriction plate shall be installed as specified in AGA 7 and found in
Appendix A.

4.4.5 Strainer
Each turbine meter station shall be equipped with a strainer upstream
of each meter inlet.
Strainers shall be basket-type and shall be equipped with a drain
valve.
Strainer elements shall be perforated carbon steel with a 304
stainless steel #100 mesh screen liner, and having an open area
not less than 200% of the meter tube cross section.
Strainers shall have raised face-flanged ends.
Strainers having a lid/bonnet weighing in excess of 100 pounds
shall be provided with a lifting device capable of fully
suspending the lid/bonnet to allow removal of the strainer
basket.

4.4.6 Proving
Gas turbine meters normally are not be proved in the field. Normally
turbine meters, or meter internals will be replaced with shop-proved
units. In the event that field meter proving is contemplated for a
particular meter station, then appropriate meter prover connections
shall be provided.

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4.4.7 Turbine Module Lifting Mechanism


A McMaster Carr jib crane shall be provided for 8 and larger meters to
provide for removal and installation of the turbine meter module. This
crane (P/N 3244T1) shall have a lifting capacity of 1000 lbs., and a 10
high x 10 span arm that shall be constructed of 10 x 4.66 steel I-beam.
This crane shall be fitted with a 1000 lb. hoist (P/N 3094T12) and a 1000
lb. chain hoist trolley flyer (P/N 3269T5).

4.4.8 Automatic oiler


A Welker automatic oiler, model number OIP-2BK is required on every
turbine meter.

5 ORIFICE METERS

NOTE
Although CPG has approved Orifice meters for Custody Transfer Measurement,
CPG recommends use of Ultrasonic Measurement at stations flowing more than
10 mmcfd. Please see the Ultrasonic Meters section of this standard.
This section describes requirements for orifice meters for measurement of natural gas.
Meter tube assemblies, orifice fittings and orifice plates shall be designed, fabricated,
tested and inspected in accordance with all applicable requirements of the latest edition
of AGA Report Number 3, applicable CPG Standard Drawings, and CPG Design Standard
DS-4003 - Orifice Meter Standards for Custody Transfer.

5.1 SIZING CRITERIA


The number and size of orifice meter runs shall be selected to measure the
maximum flow rate at the minimum pressure and the minimum flow rate at the
maximum pressure, with Beta ratios and differential pressures within the ranges
specified below.

5.1.1 Beta Ratio


Typically, orifice plate bores shall be selected to provide a Beta ratio in
the range of 0.2 to 0.60.

5.1.2 Orifice Differential


Sizing of meter tubes and orifice plates shall be such that the orifice
differential is within the range of 10 to 200 inches of water column,
over the range of specified design flow rates.

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5.1.3 Multiple Orifice Meter Runs


Multiple orifice meter runs shall be installed where necessary for the
maximum design flow rates and as required for turndown between
maximum and minimum flow rates. Except in cases where extreme
turndown ratios are required or in other special circumstances, it is
preferred that multiple orifice meter runs be of the same size and
configuration. Automatic tube switching shall be provided for stations
with multiple orifice meter runs to automatically bring tubes on line or
take tubes off line, as required to maintain the orifice differential in the
range specified above. Run sequencing valves shall be butterfly valves
installed downstream of the orifice meter in the meters normal flow
direction. Using the outlet meter run block valve for run sequencing is
not recommended.
Multiple orifice meter runs shall be installed with a ball valve bypass as
specified in this document.

5.1.4 Single Orifice Meter Runs


Single orifice meter runs shall be installed with a ball valve bypass as
specified in this document.

5.2 ORIFICE METER TUBES


Meter tube components shall be manufactured and meter tubes assembled and
tested by an approved vendor capable of ensuring that the completed meter tube
assemblies meet all applicable requirements of API MPMS 14.3-2 and AGA Report
Number 3.
All meter tube welds shall be ground smooth internally, to match the
contour of the pipe wall.

5.2.1 Meter Tube Minimum Dimensions and Configuration


Meter tube dimensions and configurations shall be as shown on the
CPG Standard Drawings. Only meter run diameters shown in the
illustrations are permitted without prior approval from CPG. A drip pan
and liquid collection system shall be provided to catch liquids that may
fall from the orifice fitting.

5.2.2 Orifice Fittings


Orifice fittings shall be either single or dual chamber as delineated in
the CPG Standard Drawings. Orifice flanges will not be permitted.
Daniel "Senior orifice fittings with a weld end on the inlet and a male
face flange on the outlet are approved for use in 8 and 10 sizes. Daniel
Simplex, TMCO Sure Shot, Canalta and Precision Solo single chamber

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orifice fittings are approved for use in 2, 4 and 6 sizes.


Orifice fittings shall have a pressure rating suitable for the meter
station design pressure and MAOP.
Orifice fittings shall be "telemetering" type fittings having four
pairs of differential pressure taps, tapped 1/2" FNPT.

5.2.3 Orifice Plates


Orifice plates shall be concentric, square edge orifice plates conforming
to the requirements of AGA-3/API 14.3.2.
Orifice plate material shall be Type 304 stainless steel.
Orifice plate thickness shall be equal to the recommended
thickness given in Table 2-4 of API 14.3.2.
Orifice plates shall be stamped by the manufacturer with a serial
number assigned by CPG.
Orifice plates shall be compatible with elastomer sealing units as
well as compatible with all constituents of the gas stream.

5.2.4 Flow Conditioners


Flow conditioners shall be a Canada Pipeline Accessories CPA 50E.

5.2.5 Pipe
Pipe used in the fabrication of meter tubes shall be select pipe, meeting
the dimensional and surface finish tolerances of API MPMS 14.3.2, and
manufactured per ASTM Standard A106 or API Specification 5L. The
wall and grade pipe shall be specified to meet the design pressure and
factor.

5.2.6 Flanges
Flanges for meter tubes shall be weld neck flanges, bored to match the
meter tube inside diameter.
All flanges shall be raised face flanges, except that the flange
mating with the male orifice-fitting flange shall have a mating
female flange to ensure accurate alignment.
Normally flanges shall be ASTM A105 forged steel flanges, in
accordance with ASME/ANSI B16.5 Pipe Flanges and Flanged
Fittings. Where A105 flanges are to be welded to high yield
strength pipe, (SMYS > 35000 psi) flange hubs shall be specially
prepared to develop the full strength of the pipe. Alternately,
flanges shall be in accordance with MSS SP-44 Steel Pipeline

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Flanges and have a yield strength matching that of the pipe to


which they are welded.

5.2.7 Shop Testing and Inspection


Meter tubes shall be tested and inspected in the fabricators shop in
accordance with the referenced Standards and Specifications and as
outlined in the Pressure Testing section of this document. Fabricators
shall fill out an Orfice Meter Tube Inspection Report (see Form
FRM.210.002 OP Master Mic Sheet).

CPG shall be afforded the opportunity to witness all of these tests and
inspections whether the meter tubes are purchased by CPG or by the
Customer. All tests and inspections shall be thoroughly documented
and copies of all test and inspection reports shall be furnished to CPG.
The meter tube and orifice fitting shall be inspected to
determine the measured meter tube diameter and to confirm
that dimensions and surface finishes comply with Section 2.5 of
API MPMS 14.3.2.
Bypass checks shall be conducted in accordance with Section
2.5.3.4 of API MPMS 14.3-2 to establish that there is no leakage
across the orifice plate seal and no communication or leakage
between pressure taps. The high-pressure nitrogen leak test is
optional for facilities delivering into CPGs pipeline.
In addition to documentation for tests and inspections described
above, the fabricator shall provide certification that the meter tube
assemblies comply with all applicable requirements of API MPMS
14.3.2, certify that materials and fabrication comply with PHMSA Part
192, and furnish CPG with copies of radiographic reports and other
applicable quality control documents. Fabricators shall fill out an Orifice
Meter Tube Inspection Report. (See CPG Form FRM.210.002 OP
Master Mic Sheet.)

5.3 ORIFICE METER INSTRUMENTATION


Electronic Flow Measurement (EFM) shall be employed at all orifice meter stations.
Each orifice meter run shall be equipped with instrumentation to measure
differential pressure, static pressure and flowing gas temperature for the
computation of flow rate. General installation requirements are outlined below.
Specific requirements for transmitters, recorders, computers, controllers, and other
instruments are included in Section 7 - Instrumentation, and Section 10 - Electronic
Measurement and Telemetering, of this Standard.

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For specific material requirements, please refer to the latest revision of CPG Design
Standard DS-4006 - Electronic Measurement Design Standard

5.3.1 Static and Differential Pressure


At Columbia Gulf Transmission stations, Rosemount 3095 multi-
variable (PDPTT) transmitter shall be used for measuring static
pressure, flowing gas temperature and orifice differential pressure and
shall be direct mounted on the five valve manifold, which is direct-
mounted on the orifice fitting. Where necessary, stainless steel tubing
connections shall be 0.5 diameter, as short as practical and sloped to
drain back to the orifice fitting.
At Columbia Gas Transmission stations, Rosemount 3051 differential
pressure transmitter shall be used for measuring differential and shall
be direct mounted on the five valve manifold, which is direct-mounted
on the orifice fitting. Where necessary, stainless steel tubing
connections shall be 0.5 diameter, as short as practical and sloped to
drain back to the orifice fitting.
At Columbia Gas Transmission stations, Rosemount 3051 static
pressure transmitter shall be used for measuring static pressure and
shall be direct mounted on the two valve manifold, which is direct-
mounted on the orifice fitting. Where necessary, stainless steel tubing
connections shall be 0.5 diameter, as short as practical and sloped to
drain back to the orifice fitting.

5.3.2 Flowing Gas Temperature


At Columbia Gulf Transmission stations, flowing gas temperature shall
be measured with the Rosemount 3095 multi-variable transmitter at
the first auxiliary connection downstream of the orifice fitting.
At Columbia Gas Transmission stations, flowing gas temperature shall
be measured with the Rosemount 3144 temperature transmitter at the
first auxiliary connection downstream of the orifice fitting.
All thermal elements shall be installed in thermometer wells
that extend into the central third of the gas stream.
Wiring for the thermal element shall be installed to the
temperature transmitter for the same meter run.
A test thermowell shall be provided on each meter tube. The
test well shall be immediately downstream of the sensing
thermal element.

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5.4 INSTALLATION

5.4.1 General Arrangement


Meter tubes shall be installed square and level with the height of the
centerline between 3 feet and 4 feet above grade. Spacing between
outside diameter of each run shall be a minimum of 4 feet for
operational and maintenance access.

5.4.2 Supports
Meter tubes shall be adequately supported with adjustable pipe
supports. As a minimum, one support shall be provided on the
downstream section near the orifice fitting, and a minimum of one
support shall be provided on the upstream section. Support design
must provide for removal of the upstream section of the tube for
inspection and must ensure that the other tube sections are adequately
supported, even when the upstream section is removed.

5.4.3 Inlet and Outlet Valves


Each meter run shall have an inlet valve and an outlet valve so that the
run can be isolated. These valves shall be full port double block and
bleed ball valves with raised face-flanged ends. Six-inch and larger
valves shall have either a gear or pneumatic operator.
Outlet valves on secondary meter runs may be used for
automatic tube switching, and in this event, will be equipped
with double-acting, pneumatic actuators. (See the Meter Run
Sequencing section of this document.)
A 1 inch loading valve shall be installed across the inlet block
valve to ensure the integrity of the ball valve seats.

6 POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT METERS

NOTE
Although CPG has approved positive displacement meters for Custody Transfer
Measurement, CPG recommends limiting their use to stations flowing less than 3,000 acf/hr.
Positive displacement meters (rotary) shall be designed and installed in accordance with
all applicable requirements of the latest edition of ANSI B109.3, Rotary Type Gas
Displacement Meters and the applicable CPG Standard Drawings. Rotary meter tubes for
custody transfer measurement shall only be installed at delivery points from CPG and
require engineering approval. High pressure cartridge type rotary meters with internal
bypass should be used to preclude loss of market. Meter tube components shall be

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manufactured and meter tubes assembled and tested by an approved vendor capable of
ensuring that the completed meter tube assemblies meet all applicable CPG
requirements.

6.1 METERS
Positive displacement meters shall be Dresser - Roots (or approved equivalent) with
a rated working pressure equal to the design pressure of the meter station piping in
which the meter is to be installed. Meters shall be equipped with an internal bypass.

6.1.1 Sizing Criteria


Meters shall be selected to measure the maximum flow rate at the
minimum pressure, and the minimum flow rate at the maximum
pressure, while maintaining the flow rates through the individual meter
within the range recommended by the manufacturer.

6.1.2 Multiple Rotary Meters


Multiple Rotary meters will not normally be installed in a single meter
station, unless the station is serving multiple delivery points. Where
volumes to a single delivery point are large enough to justify multiple
Rotary meters, orifice or turbine meters are preferred, or combinations
of rotary and turbine or rotary and orifice meters. Run sequencing
valves shall be butterfly valves installed downstream of the rotary
meter in the meters normal flow direction. Using the outlet meter run
block valve for run sequencing is not recommended. Each rotary meter
run shall be installed with an underslung ball valve bypass that meets
the intent of the meter bypass as specified in this document.

6.1.3 Single Rotary Meter Runs


Each rotary meter run shall be installed with an underslung ball valve
bypass that meets the intent of the meter bypass as specified in this
document.

6.1.4 Shop Testing and Inspection


Rotary meters shall be tested and inspected in the fabricators shop in
accordance with the referenced codes and standards and as outlined in
the Pressure Testing section of this document.
CPG shall be afforded the opportunity to witness all of these tests and
inspections whether the meter tubes are purchased by CPG or by the
Customer. All tests and inspections shall be thoroughly documented
and copies of all test and inspection reports shall be furnished to CPG.
The meter and accessories furnished by the manufacturer shall

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be inspected to confirm compliance with ANSI B109.3 and the


purchase documents.
In addition to documentation for tests and inspections described
above, the manufacturer shall provide the following to CPG:
Meter calibration and differential pressure curves/reports with
test points at 10, 25, 50, 75 and 100% of meter capacity.
Certification that the meter complies with all applicable
requirements of ANSI B109.3.
Certification that materials and fabrication comply with PHMSA
Part 192
Copies of applicable quality control documents.

6.2 INSTALLATION

6.2.1 General Arrangement


Positive displacement meters shall be installed square and level, and in
accordance with ANSI B109.3 and the manufacturers instructions.

6.2.2 Piping
Normally, piping for Rotary meters is shop fabricated. Piping materials,
fabrication, welding, painting and testing shall be in accordance with
the general piping requirements given in the Yard Piping and Headers
section of this document.

6.2.3 Supports
The rotary meter and related piping shall be adequately supported.
Support design must ensure that the meter is level, and that piping
loads are not transferred to the meter flanges.

6.2.4 Inlet, Outlet and Bypass Valves for Single Rotary Meter Setting
Each meter shall have full port double block and bleed ball valves on
the inlet and outlet valves and a bypass so that the meter can be
isolated and the flow bypassed.

6.2.5 Strainer
A strainer shall be installed upstream of each rotary meter.
Strainers shall be "Y" type or basket type strainers
Strainer elements shall be perforated carbon steel and contain a
304 S.S. #100 mesh screen housed in a basket, and having an
open area not less than 200% of the meter tube cross section

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Strainers shall have raised face-flanged ends

6.2.6 Prover Connections


A 2 weld x thread nipple with cap shall be provided on each side of the
meter so that a meter prover or master meter can be temporarily
connected in series with the rotary meter. The downstream prover
connection shall be at an elevation of at least 7' above grade to allow
safe venting of gas during testing.

6.2.7 Over-Range Protection


Rotary meters shall be protected from over-range with a critical flow
orifice provided by the meter manufacturer and properly sized to
prevent meter over-range. The critical flow orifice shall be a steel
paddle type orifice plate, designed for mounting between raised face
flanges, and shall be installed downstream of the meter outlet,
normally at the upstream flange of the outlet valve. See Appendix A for
sizes.

6.3 ROTARY METER INSTRUMENTATION


For specific material requirements, please refer to the latest revision of CPG Design
Standard DS-4006 - Electronic Measurement Design Standard.
Electronic Flow Measurement (EFM) shall be employed at all rotary meter stations.

6.3.1 Rotary Meter Pulse Output


The rotary meter shall output uncorrected pulse to the CPG flow
computer that will do billing flow calculations. The pulse should
originate from the meter pulser.

6.3.2 Static Pressure


At Columbia Gulf Transmission and Columbia Gas Transmission
stations, Rosemount 3051 static pressure transmitter shall be used for
measuring static pressure and shall be direct-mounted on the two valve
manifold, which shall be tapped into the pressure connection on the
meter body where practical. Where necessary, stainless steel tubing
connections shall be 0.5 diameter, as short as practical and sloped to
drain back to the rotary meter.
At meter stations with a single meter run, Low Cost Electronic
Measurement (LCEM) with integral pressure temperature sense will be
used with integral multivariable transmitters.

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6.3.3 Flowing Gas Temperature


At Columbia Gulf Transmission and Columbia Gas Transmission stations,
Rosemount 3144 temperature transmitter shall be used for measuring
flowing gas temperature with appropriately sized thermowell.
At meter stations with a single meter run, temperature will be measured
with a. Low Cost Electronic Measurement (LCEM) multivariable transmitter
The thermal element shall be located in the thermalwell provided on the
rotary meter run.
Wiring for the thermal element shall be installed to the
temperature transmitter for the same meter run if applicable.
A test thermowell shall be provided on each meter tube. The
test well shall be downstream of the sensing thermal element.

7 CORIOLIS METERS
Although CPG has approved Coriolis meters for Custody Transfer Measurement, CPG
recommends limiting the use of Coriolis Measurement to applications granted written
approval by the responsible CPG Engineer.
This section describes the requirements for Coriolis measurement of natural gas. Coriolis
meter installation shall be based upon the latest edition of AGA Report No. 11, Measurement
of Gas by Coriolis Meters, applicable CPG Standard Drawings, and CPG Design Standard DS-
4011 Coriolis Meter Standards for Custody Transfer. Coriolis meters shall be used on gas flow
only. Care should be taken to preclude two-phase flow across Coriolis measurement intended
for gas service. Coriolis meters can be used for liquid flow, but CPG is primarily concerned
with gas flow which this document will reference.

7.1 SIZING CRITERIA


The number and size of meter runs shall be dependent on expected flow
ranges and/or impact of outage duration limitations. Single run Coriolis meters
stations are acceptable if one meter run can handle all anticipated station
flowrates within the manufacturers capacity parameters. Single run Coriolis
meter stations should include a lockable bypass valve to allow flow to the
Customer while a Zero Flow Check is done on the Coriolis meter. The bypass
shall be designed to meet the intent of the Meter Bypass section of this
document.
The Signal Processing Unit (SPU) provides two frequency outputs to the RTU
(one for CPG and one for the Customer) in corrected pound mass. The RTU
calculates gas volume in standard cubic feet of gas per hour. Vendors should
be consulted to size a meter appropriate for each application.

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7.2 CORIOLIS METER RUNS & INSTALLATION


Full port ball valves shall be used for meter run block valves. Insulation flange
kits shall be installed on the meter side of the meter run block valves.
Run sequencing valves shall be butterfly valves installed downstream of the
Coriolis meters normal flow direction. Using the outlet meter run block
valve for run sequencing is not recommended.
Coriolis meters runs may be skid mounted to afford ease of installation.
However, only the Coriolis meters shall be sent to qualified calibration
facilities.
Coriolis meters are inherently bi-directional, but pressure taps, chromatograph
probes, temperature thermowells and test thermowells shall be installed
upstream of the Coriolis meter in the normal flow direction, indicated by the
flow arrow on the meter body.
At Columbia Gulf Transmission and Columbia Gas Transmission stations, A
Rosemount 3051 static pressure transmitter be installed upstream of the
chromatograph probe and temperature thermowell, test thermowell and the
Coriolis meter in the normal flow direction. A pressure transmitter shall be
installed on each meter run in multi-run Coriolis meters stations. (See CPG
Design Standard DS-6006 Electronic Measurement Design Standard.)
At Columbia Gulf Transmission and Columbia Gas Transmission stations,
Rosemount 3144 temperature transmitters and test thermowells shall be
installed on each meter run on multi-run Coriolis meters stations upstream of
the Coriolis meter in the normal flow direction. Protrusion of these
thermowells should be limited to 1/3 of diameter of pipe, but no greater than
8. (See CPG Design Standard DS-6006 Electronic Measurement Design
Standard.)
An uninterruptible source of electric power (typically 24 vdc at 1 watt) shall
be provided for energizing the Coriolis meters. Additional loop power for
the SPU, RTU/FC and host communications is required. Both power and
signal must be provided to keep the station powered up for a minimum of
48 hours.
Coriolis meters shall be installed such that the inlet and outlet flange
connections should be 42 or less from the ground to the centerline of the
meter run. The Coriolis meter shall be oriented such that the tubes are
physically above the meter run. Drain connections with pipe plugs shall be
provided on the bottom of the meter run piping upstream and downstream
of the Coriolis meter.
Four (4) feet of clearance on either side of Coriolis meter is required for
access to the meter. Jib crane is required to lift any Coriolis meters
weighting more than 100 pounds.

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Coriolis meters do not require flow conditioning plates or straight run of


pipe upstream of the Coriolis meter. However, a straight run of pipe
upstream of the Coriolis meter (in the normal flow direction) will be
provided to mount a pressure transmitter, chromatograph probe,
temperature transmitter and temperature test thermowell.
Header and riser configuration shall be designed to minimize flow-profile
distortions.
Coriolis meter run pipe may be fabricated with ERW or seamless line pipe,
but the fabricator must inspect the pipe for no greater than 1% out-of-
roundness and internal diameter deviation no greater than 1%
A knowledgeable person shall inspect the Coriolis meter for signs of
damage or improper assembly such as wiring, connections, transducers,
circuit boards, etc. A knowledgeable person shall inspect the Coriolis meter
to make sure there is no free liquids, dirt, debris, oil or corrosion products
in the meter openings prior to installation.
The Coriolis meter must be installed in meter run piping that is sufficiently
supported such that the weight of the meter, piping and block valves do
not put the meter in a bind.
The Coriolis meter tubes shall be physically located above the centerline of
the meter run piping to allow any liquids to drain out of the meter tube.
Drain connections with pipe plugs shall be provided on the bottom of the
meter run piping upstream and downstream of the Coriolis meter.

7.3 CALIBRATION & TESTING


Coriolis meters shall be water calibrated at the manufacturers facility before
the unit is shipped.
The Coriolis meter shall be a minimum of plus or minus 0.1% accurate after
calibration. The manufacturer shall also provide calibration certification
documents at 100%, 10%, 50% and 100% of the meter flow capacity (in that
order).
Individual Coriolis meter flow coefficient and serial number shall be noted on a
badge affixed to the meter body.
Calibration diagnostic information shall include initial Coriolis meter test
results for left pickup, right pickup, drive gain, zero offset at 100, 10, 50 and
100% flowrates. This documentation shall be provided with the meters.

8 INSTRUMENTATION
This section describes general requirements for meter station instrumentation. For
specific material requirements, please refer to the latest revision of CPG Design Standard

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DS-4006 - Electronic Measurement Design Standard.

8.1 PROCESS INSTRUMENT CONNECTIONS


Instrument connections to main gas piping shall be made in accordance with the
guidelines below:
All instrument, control and sampling lines shall be installed, supported and
routed to prevent damage from temperature variations and physical
disturbances. Instrument, control and sampling lines shall not span long
distances or be easily damaged by passing personnel.
A separate control line/pressure source must be designed and installed
on each overpressure protection device to ensure a single failure does not
incapacitate both the monitor and control.

8.1.1 Pressure Sensing Connections (Other than at Orifice Fittings)


Each pressure sensing connection on main gas piping shall have a valve
at the main gas piping.
Where only a pressure gauge is to be installed, a two valve
stainless steel manifold shall be used.
Where a pressure sensing device is to be connected to the same
tap in addition to a pressure gauge, install a stainless steel three
valve manifold.
Where a differential pressure sensing device is to be connected
to the main gas piping, a stainless steel five-valve block manifold
shall be used.
Instrument control lines above grade shall be made with
stainless steel tubing,

Yield Tensile Maximum


Wall Material Strength Strength Working
Size O.D.
Thickness Type (Minimum) (Minimum) Pressure (100F)
psi psi psi
1/8 .125" .005" .028" .005" 316 SS 30,000 75,000 8,500
" .250" .005" .035" .005" 316 SS 30,000 75,000 5,250
3/8" .375" .005" .035" .005" 316 SS 30,000 75,000 3,500
" .500" .005 .035" .005" 316 SS 30,000 75,000 2,625
" .500" .005 .049" .005" 316 SS 30,000 75,000 3,675

High quality, double-ferrule, stainless steel Swagelok tube

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fittings shall be used. Tubing shall be kept as short as practical


and sloped to drain to the main gas line.
Instrument control lines below grade shall consist of 1 carbon
steel welded valves and carbon steel pipe to above grade.
Any below grade tubing lines shall be PVC coated coiled tubing.
No tubing connections shall be made below grade. Tubing shall
be protected from damage by inserting through an appropriate
conduit.

8.1.2 Temperature Sensing Connections


All temperature sensing connections on main gas piping shall be
equipped with a thermometer well.
Thermometer wells shall be stainless steel bar stock wells, with
1 inch MNPT external threads, internal inch threads and
bored to match the particular temperature element to be
installed. Well shank shall be straight. Stepped wells are
unacceptable.
Thermowells shall be dimensioned to provide a representative
gas temperature and shall extend into the central third of the
gas stream.
Test wells shall be equipped with a threaded plug and chain.

8.1.3 Sample Connections


Connections for gas samplers, gas chromatographs or other gas analysis
instruments shall be located so as to obtain a representative sample
under all normal operating conditions.
The sample tap shall be located such that it is preceded by a
minimum length of 5D of straight pipe.
Sample taps for multiple run meter stations shall be located on
the primary run or in gas piping where gas flow is continuous.
Standard sample connections shall be equipped with a probe
that extends into the central third of the gas stream.
The standard sample probe tip shall be cut on a 45o angle and
installed with the longest side downstream.
Where the connection is in piping that cannot conveniently be
isolated and removed from service, consideration shall be given
to using retractable sample probes equipped to allow their
insertion or removal while the piping remains pressurized.
Sample connections for chromatographs and moisture analyzers

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shall use a Mustang gas sampling system that regulates the gas
stream while heating the gas above the hydrocarbon dew point
temperature. Regulator type probes that regulate the sample
pressure at the probe tip such as the Genie insertion probe
regulator may be used if equipped with suitable heat tracing
lines and with the specific approval of CPG Engineering.
The Mustang sampling system shall be located adjacent to the
tap.
Sample line length shall be limited to 50' unless prior written
CPG approval is obtained. Speed loops shall be required at the
chromatograph building on any sampling lines in excess of 50 ft.
All gas sample lines shall conform to the chromatograph
manufacturers instructions. Insulated, heat traced stainless
steel tubing lines 1/8 inch diameter shall be used. All gas sample
lines shall be equipped with a Genie moisture membrane filter.

8.2 TRANSMITTERS
For specific material requirements, please refer to the latest revision of CPGs
Design Standard DS-4006 - Electronic Measurement Design Standard.

8.2.1 Multi-Variable Transmitters for Static Pressure, Differential Pressure


& Temperature
Multi-Variable Transmitters for Static Pressure, Differential Pressure &
Temperature shall only be used on orifice runs on Columbia Gulf
Transmission stations. Individual transmitters shall be used on all other
measurement at Columbia Gas Transmission and Columbia Gulf
Transmission stations.
Multi-Variable transmitters (Rosemount 3095) shall be used for orifice,
measurement applications at Columbia Gulf Transmission. Transmitters
shall be direct mounted on the meter run with an integral five valve
manifold.

8.2.2 Transmitters for Static Pressure Only


Transmitters with integral two valve manifold (Rosemount 3051) shall
be used for applications where only a pressure measurement is
required, such as ultrasonic, turbine, Coriolis positive displacement
meter static pressure and pressure downstream of a pressure control
valve. Transmitters shall be mounted on the meter bodies or as near
the process connection point as practical on a 2 instrument stand.

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8.2.3 Temperature Sensing Elements (RTDs)


When using the Rosemount 3095, the temperature sensing element,
Rosemount 0068, shall be 100-ohm platinum, 3-wire RTDs with 316
stainless steel 0.25 diameter sheaths complete with a spiral stainless
steel armored extension cable. The Rosemount 0068 sensor shall be
direct mounted to a Rosemount 3144P transmitter for ultrasonic,
turbine, and positive displacement measurement. The sensors shall be
inserted into the thermowell that shall extend into the middle third of
the gas stream.

8.3 CONTROLLERS

8.3.1 Tube Switching Control


Open/close signals to valve actuators on tube switching valves shall be
provided from the electronic flow measurement equipment. Manual
open/close valve actuation shall be provided on the valve controls
allowing manual lockout. (See the Instrument Gas Supply section for
power gas requirements.)

8.3.2 Limit Switches


Use of valve position limit switches in the control process will be
coordinated with CPG Engineering to ensure the flow computer load
will be compatible with their use. Proximity limit switches (Go or equal)
will be used. Any modulating control valve shall send actual valve
position feedback to the CPG RTU indicating the valve percentage open.
Microswitches shall not be used.

8.3.3 Flow Control


Control signals to the positioner/actuator on flow control valves shall
be provided either directly from the electronic flow measurement
equipment or via a motor controlled regulator type electronic -to-
pneumatic transducer. The electronic signal to pneumatic signal
transducer for flow control shall be a Fairchild Model 24XFM No Bleed
Remote Set Regulator (RSR).

8.3.4 Pressure Control


Control signals for pressure control valves will be provided by either
electronic flow measurement equipment, as described in this
document, or a pneumatic pressure controller sensing pressure directly
from the process connection and providing a direct pneumatic output

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to the valve positioner/actuator. Local pneumatic pressure controllers


shall come equipped with an auto manual station see below.

8.3.5 Manual Control


The pneumatic control signal to the actuator or positioner shall have an
Auto/Manual control station or loading regulator to allow the valve
to be manually positioned.

8.3.6 Automatic Over-Ride Control


Automatic over-ride control is accomplished by providing automatic
selection of control signal output between dual controllers using a
pneumatic signal selector switch/relay capable of selecting either the
higher or lower control pressure signal. Automatic over-ride control can
also be accomplished using electronic selection.

8.4 ODORIZATION
Where Customer gas odorization is required, the Customer shall install,
own and operate said equipment.
Where Columbia gas odorization is required (such as PORs into CPG), the
Customer shall install and own said equipment. CPG will operate said
equipment at PORs.
The odorization equipment shall be located downstream of the
measurement and regulation equipment but upstream of the meter station
outlet block valve.
The Customer must execute a Meter Set Agreement at new stations (or at
existing sites an EM Agreement) with CPG if handoff of measurement
signals is necessary for Customer odorization control.

8.5 GAS SAMPLING


Where continuous gas sampling for measurement purposes is required, (at stations
that flow less than 10 mmcfd) a gas sampler (PGI Interceptor Model PF3GL-Z2) shall
be used. Sample connections shall be in accordance with the Sample Connections
section of this document and in accordance with the sampler manufacturers
instructions. The continuous sampler shall be installed in an insulated heated
enclosure.

8.6 INSTRUMENT GAS SUPPLY


Pneumatic instruments and control valves will normally be powered with natural
gas tapped from the meter station piping. A separate supply line for each
instrument operated control valve or pilot operated valve (PHMSA 192.203 (b) (9))
is required. The system shall be designed such that one failure will not make both

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the regulator and the overpressure protective device inoperative. The tap will be
located upstream of the control valve. The supply line shall be inch stainless steel
tubing if above grade, and pipe or coated tubing if below grade. No tubing
connectors shall be installed below grade. Instrument supply systems will provide
pneumatic pressure to the control valve actuator or positioner (typically 100 psig)
and a lower pressure (typically 20 or 35 psig a 6 to 30 psig output signal is
preferred over the 3 to 15 psig signal) to the pneumatic pressure controller. These
supply systems will include a filter to ensure a clean supply gas (see CPG Standard
Drawing IN-IS-2). In some cases, especially in systems where the gas contains
liquids, a catalytic heater should be included as part of the system. If a relief valve is
included as part of the system, the outlet must be piped outside of the building.
For safety, the power gas tap for each shutoff / sequencing valve shall be
located so that the source of that valves power gas is also blown down
along with the piping isolated by the shutoff / sequencing valve. Thus, the
valve cannot be accidentally opened to pressurized piping.

9 ELECTRONIC MEASUREMENT AND TELEMETERING


Electronic Flow Measurement (EFM) and Telemetry is required for all new meter
stations.
Gas Quality measurement devices will be determined based upon the requirements of
each individual meter station. See the Gas Quality Devices section below.
The Customer must execute an EM Agreement with CPG for handoff of
measurement signals where CPG has the only available measurement.

9.1 FLOW COMPUTERS

9.1.1 General Requirements


Flow computers shall accept inputs from the appropriate instruments
described in the Instrumentation section of this Standard and from gas
chromatographs or other analytical instruments where installed.

9.1.2 CPG RTU Types


For specific flow computer selection criteria and material specifications,
please refer to the latest revision of CPG Design Standard DS-4006 -
Electronic Measurement Design Standard.
CPG shall select the specific equipment to be used.

9.2 GAS QUALITY DEVICES


For specific material requirements, please refer to the latest revision of CPG Design
Standard DS-4006 - Electronic Measurement Design Standard and the CPG Approved
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Material List (AML).


Note new receipts shall submit a gas sample analysis representing expected gas
composition. Should the gas composition change, CPG reserves the right to install
gas quality devices determined necessary by the CPG engineer.

9.2.1 Chromatographs
A chromatograph shall be installed if any of the following criteria is
met:
Flow rates of 10 mmcfd or more
Ultrasonic meter station
Gas Quality outside of Tariff specifications
Gas quality variances of 10 BTU or more
Bi-directional meter station
Where 120 volt power is available a Rosemount Danalyzer 570
chromatograph shall be installed. Where only 24 volt power is available a
Rosemount Danalyzer 700 chromatograph shall be installed. An ABB 8206
chromatograph may only be installed with written permission of the local
M&R Engineer. Station flowrates between 1 mmcfd and 10 mmcfd require
installation of an automatic gas sampler. Below 1 mmcfd a gas sample for
billing is required before the station can be placed in service and anytime
thereafter should it be suspected that the gas quality has significantly
changed.
Chromatograph sample connections shall be in accordance with the
Sample Connections section.
Calibration gas shall be verified and approved by CPG. Calibration gas
shall be installed so that it will not be exposed to temperatures below
its hydrocarbon dew point.

9.2.2 Moisture analyzer


Moisture analyzers shall be installed at all meter stations delivering 100
mmcfd or more into CPG and at smaller stations with a moisture
reading of 7 lbs per mmcf or greater after dehydration. In some
applications, an automatic shutoff valve may be required to shut in
the measuring station if the gas dew point exceeds set point for a
specified time period.
A Spectrasensors SS500 Moisture analyzer with an extended
range of 0.5 to 100 lbs of water per mmcf gas plus or minus 2%
of reading is required for stations (over 10 mmcfd) or if required
by CPG in specific applications by agreement. A Spectrasensors

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SS2000 Moisture analyzer with an extended range of 0.5 to 100


lbs of water per mmcf gas plus or minus 2% of reading is
required for large capacity stations (over 100 mmcfd).
The gas sample inlet pressure to these devices is limited to 10
psig.

9.2.3 Hydrogen sulfide


Hydrogen Sulfide analyzers shall be installed at all meter stations with
initial gas sample indicating the presence of hydrogen sulfide in the
amount of 1/4 grain per hundred cubic feet. An automatic shutoff
valve is required to shut in the measuring station if the gas received
into the CPG systems exceeds the hydrogen sulfide limit.
Hydrogen sulfide analyzers shall employ chemical cell hydrogen
sulfide analyzers.

9.2.4 Oxygen sensors


Oxygen sensors shall be installed at all meter stations with initial gas
sample indicating the presence of oxygen in the amount of 1% by
volume or greater.
Oxygen sensors shall employ a replaceable chemical sensor
which is exposed to a low pressure gas sample.

9.2.5 Other Devices


Hydrocarbon Dewpoint and/or CO2 analyzers requirement will be
determined by the CPG Engineer and Operations.

9.3 TELEMETERING
For specific material requirements, please refer to the latest revision of CPG Design
Standard DS-4006 - Electronic Measurement Design Standard.
Data may be telemetered via telephone, cellular data unit, satellite or radio.
CPG shall be responsible for selection of the communication method(s) to be used
and shall select the specific equipment to be employed. Necessary permits shall be
obtained by Customer or as specified in the Interconnect Agreement.

9.4 POWER SUPPLY


For specific material requirements, please refer to the latest revision of CPG Design
Standard DS-4006 - Electronic Measurement Design Standard.
Purchased power (120 VAC) shall be used whenever available to power the
electronic measurement and SCADA equipment.

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9.4.1 UPS System


The UPS system shall include batteries and battery charger to provide DC
power. The UPS system shall be equipped with system trouble alarm that
define AC input voltage loss and low DC power output. Battery chargers
shall be equipped with over voltage protection. Sufficient battery capacity
shall be provided to power the EFM load for a minimum of 48 hours.

10 METER RUN SEQUENCING


Automatic meter run sequencing (switching additional meter tubes on or off) shall be
provided at meter stations with multiple meter runs when necessary to accurately
measure the entire station flow range.

10.1 METER RUN SEQUENCING VALVES


A separate downstream meter run sequencing valve in addition to the outlet block
valve is preferred for meter run switching. Meter run outlet isolation valves may be
used for tube switching with the approval of CPG. Butterfly valves may be used for
run sequencing on orifice and turbine meter runs in addition to the full port ball
valve outlet block valve. Only meter run diameter full port ball valves may be used
for run sequencing on ultrasonic meter runs in addition to the full port ball valve
outlet block valve. Full port ball valves shall be used as meter run inlet / outlet
isolation valves.

10.2 VALVE ACTUATORS


Valve actuators for meter run switching shall be double-acting pneumatic actuators.
For safety reasons, power gas for valve actuators for the meter run shall be
taken from the blow down connection on the meter tube that is being
sequenced.
A block valve and an instrument supply system are required to reduce the
line pressure to the level required by the valve actuator (normally 100 psig)
shall be provided, and connected with inch stainless steel tubing to
provide valve actuator power gas. See the Instrumentation Gas Supply section
of this document.
Actuators on tube switching valves will be controlled electronically using
signals from the flow computer to solenoid valves. The solenoids shall be
latched until the desired valve position is reached (typically this is full open)
and then de-energized. It is also acceptable (depending upon the
circumstances) that double acting solenoids may be used to pulse open
double acting actuators on ball valve run sequencing valves.
A shunting diode (Motorola 1N-5407 or equivalent) shall be installed across
each solenoid valve coil to suppress inductive voltage transients.

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11 FLOW CONTROL
Although the Customer may control flow in their piping system, CPG reserves the right to
override flow control into or out of the CPG piping system. Consequently, flow control
equipment operated by CPG shall be installed at all meter stations designed for flow rates of
10 mmcfd or greater. Flow control may be provided for smaller meter stations where
required by the specific conditions or contract requirements. Flow control valves shall be
equipped with manual bypass piping and valves for flow volumes of 10 mmcfd or greater.

11.1 FLOW CONTROL VALVES


Flow control valves shall be globe or ball-type control valves with double-acting
pneumatic piston or diaphragm actuators.
Flow control valves at meter stations shall be controlled electronically using a
signal directly from the flow computer to the valve positioner/actuator, or via a
motor controlled regulator type electronic-to-pneumatic transducer (Fairchild
Model 24XFM No Bleed Remote Set Regulator RSR). Refer to CPG Design
Standard DS-4006 - Electronic Measurement Design Standard.
In general, flow control valves shall be arranged to fail in last position, but
the specific failure mode shall be evaluated for each meter station.
Flow control valves may also be used with an alternate control signal and
appropriate relaying to provide pressure over-ride of the flow control
function.
Power and pilot gas for flow control valves shall be filtered, dried gas from
the instrument gas supply system. See Instrument Gas Supply section.
Position feedback equipment shall be installed on flow control valves. This
equipment should include full open and full closed limit switches as well as
analog valve position feedback.

12 PRESSURE CONTROL
Pressure control shall be provided where necessary to control downstream pressure at a
specific value. A single pressure control valve does not constitute over pressure protection.

12.1 PRESSURE CONTROL VALVES


Pressure control valves shall be globe or ball-type control valves with double acting
pneumatic piston or diaphragm actuators. If fail open or fail closed actuation is
desired, single acting, spring return actuators shall be employed.
Pressure control valves with remote pressure set point shall be controlled
electronically by the station flow computer in conjunction with a

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pneumatic pressure controller where required for overpressure protection.


In general, pressure control valves shall be arranged to fail last position
upon loss of power or pilot, but the specific failure mode shall be evaluated
for each meter station.
Pressure control valves may also be used with an alternate control signal
and appropriate relaying to provide over pressure protection when used in
conjunction with a monitor control valve. See Overpressure Protection
section below.
Power and pilot gas for pressure control valves shall be filtered, dried gas
from the instrument gas supply system. See Instrument Gas Supply section.
Individual taps and instrument supply systems shall be used for all
pneumatic valve actuators in pressure control service.
Position feedback equipment shall be installed on pressure control valves.
This equipment should include full open and full closed limit switches as
well as analog valve position feedback.

12.2 REGULATION BYPASS


Regulation bypass shall be installed at all pressure control settings where flow
cannot be interrupted and which have only a single regulator run. The bypass run
shall be designed with two plug valves. The first plug valve can be manually
throttled for pressure control while the regulation is inspected and the second plug
valve can be greased to prevent leakage and can be locked shut. A pressure
indicator shall be installed between the plug valves for pressure indication. Consider
installing of a regulator between the plug valves for more accurate control while the
primary regulator run is being inspected.

12.3 CONTROL VALVE SIZING AND SELECTION


The size and number of pressure and flow control valves shall be determined based
on the following design conditions: maximum flow rate at the minimum pressure
and the minimum flow rate at the maximum pressure.
Pressure and flow control valves shall be sized to operate between 20%
and 80% open over the range of design flow rates and pressures. Multiple
parallel valves shall be installed as required to achieve the required
turndown.
Sizing calculations shall include noise calculations. Noise abatement trim,
acoustic insulation, or other noise abatement measures shall be
implemented if predicted noise levels exceed 85 db at three feet, or if noise
levels exceed lower limits specified by federal, state or local regulations.
Control valves shall have raised face-flanged ends. Ball type control valves
may be "flangeless" (e.g., Fisher V-200) for mounting between raised face

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flanges.

12.4 CONTROL VALVE INSTALLATION

12.4.1 General
Flow and pressure control valves shall be installed above grade. If noise
is a consideration, the valves may be installed below grade, but only
with CPG written approval.

12.4.2 Piping
Control valve piping shall be in accordance with the general requirements
of the Yard Piping and Headers section of this Standard and shall conform
to the specific requirements outlined below.
Flow and pressure control valves shall be installed downstream
of measurement.
Control valves mounted in parallel shall be installed using
headers in the inlet and outlet piping.
Piping shall be arranged to be self-draining to the headers.
Block valves shall be installed on each side of control valves
settings. Block valves shall be full port, double block and bleed
ball valves with raised face-flanged ends.
The control valve body, downstream block valve, and piping
between the control valve and the downstream block valve shall
be rated for the maximum inlet pressure to the control valve.
Each pressure control valve shall have a separate valve tap
connection on the downstream piping or header as a pressure
sensing point for each of the pressure controllers.
A pressure sense connection with tap valve and pressure
indicator shall be installed on either side of pressure control
valves within the block valves.
A blow down tap with valve shall be provided for each control
valve on the piping between the control valve and the
downstream block valve.
Position feedback equipment shall be installed on both monitor
and primary pressure control valves when used for overpressure
protection. This equipment should include full open and full
closed limit switches as well as analog valve position feedback.

12.5 OVERPRESSURE PROTECTION


Each meter station and/or pipeline that is connected to a gas source so that the

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maximum allowable operating pressure could be exceeded as the result of a pressure


control failure or some other type of failure, must have pressure relieving or pressure
limiting devices installed that meet the requirements of PHMSA Part 192.199 and
PHMSA Part 192.201.

12.5.1 Criteria for Overpressure Protection


Overpressure protection shall be provided for the following situations:
All cases where the delivering system has the capability of
exceeding the MAOP of the receiving system. Documentation of
overpressure protection device design parameters and relief
valve capacity shall be provided for review and approval by CPG
Engineering.
All cases where valve actuator power gas, instrument gas and
other auxiliary gas systems may be over pressured by the
delivery system.
All piping that can be isolated and made "bottle-tight or PODs
that have small gas take away capacities (has the potential for
overpressure from valve leakage) shall be protected by
safety/relief valves in lieu of pressure monitor or over pressure
shutdown valves.
Rupture discs shall not be used.

12.5.2 Selection of Overpressure Protection Devices


Overpressure protection should be provided by monitored regulator
settings or over pressure shutdown valves, as described below (CPGs
preferred methods). According to code, overpressure protection may
also be provided by safety/relief valves or by a combination of these.
However, use of safety/relief valves for overpressure protection is
discouraged by CPG due to the possible unintended release of gas to
the atmosphere.
Overpressure protection devices shall meet the minimum requirements
of PHMSA Part 192.

12.5.3 Monitored regulator settings


Monitored regulator settings are monitor pressure control valves
placed upstream of and in series with primary pressure control valves
that will automatically take over the pressure regulating function in the
event of failure or malfunction of the primary pressure control system.
Control valves in a monitored regulation setting may consist of
instrument controlled valves, pilot operated or self-operated

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regulators.
Monitored regulator settings shall be dedicated to monitor
service and shall not be used for any normal operational
function. Controls, power and pilot gas supply, and pressure
sensing taps shall be separate from primary control regulation
and any normal operational devices.
Position feedback equipment shall be installed on both monitor
and primary pressure control valves. This equipment should
include full open and full closed limit switches as well as analog
valve position feedback.
Monitored regulator settings shall be globe or ball-type control
valves. Normally they will be similar to the primary control valve
that they are monitoring, and must have the same pressure
rating.
Control valves shall have pneumatic piston or diaphragm
actuators as appropriate for the specific valve. Single-acting,
spring return, fail open actuators are preferred. Double-acting
actuators shall be provided with a volume tank to provide an
emergency supply of power gas to operate the valve in the
event of power gas supply interruption. Volume tanks shall be
equipped with a check valve installed in the power gas supply
line to prevent volume tank bleed-down in the event of power
gas supply interruption.
Local pneumatic pressure controls shall be used for monitored
regulator settings. The primary control valve may be equipped
with a remote set pressure control depending on the operations
requirements of the facility
The maximum set pressure for the primary pressure control
valve shall be set at the MAOP pressure or lower if required by
operations.
The Set Pressure for the monitor control valve shall be higher
than that of the primary pressure control valve that they are
monitoring (but not higher than 105% of the MAOP or 75%
SMYS of the protected piping) such that the monitor valve will
remain fully open when the primary pressure control is
functioning properly. Set pressures must also be below the set
pressure of any associated safety/relief valves. (See Definitions
Set Pressure below.)
CPG Engineering will approve all set points for over pressure
protection equipment.

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Primary and monitor control valves shall normally be arranged


to fail open on loss of power or pilot, but the specific failure
mode shall be evaluated by CPG for each meter station.

12.5.4 Over Pressure Shutdown Valves (Security Valves)


Over pressure shutdown valves monitor line pressure and are designed
to fully close when the pressure set point is exceeded to protect piping
or equipment from overpressure resulting from the failure of other
devices or equipment that normally control the pressure. Over pressure
shutdown valves must be manually reset after the over pressure
condition has been investigated and resolved. Over pressure shutdown
valves are not a good choice for stations that have a firm transportation
contract or deliveries to Customers.
Over pressure shutdown valves must be installed in conjunction
with CPG controlled and maintained primary pressure control
devices which includes any of the following: upstream regulator,
control valve, compressor overpressure controls, wellhead
choke. If CPG does not control or does not have maintenance
documentation of the primary pressure control device, an over
pressure shutdown valve will NOT be installed.
Over pressure shutdown valves shall be dedicated to this service
and shall not be used for any normal pressure regulating
function; however, they may be used as block valves to isolate
piping or equipment for maintenance or inspection. Controls,
power and pilot gas supply, and pressure sensing taps shall be
separate from those used for normal operational devices.
Over pressure shutdown valves may be globe or ball-type
control valves, or they may be conventional ball valves with
power actuators.
Over pressure shutdown valves shall have pneumatic piston or
diaphragm actuators as appropriate for the specific valve.
Single-action, spring return actuators are preferred. Double-
acting actuators shall be provided with a volume tank to provide
an emergency supply of power gas to operate the valve in the
event of power gas supply interruption.
Local pneumatic pressure controls shall be used for over
pressure shutdown valves.
Set pressure for over pressure shutdown valves shall be set
sufficiently above typical pipeline operating pressure but not
higher than 100% of MAOP or 75% SMYS of the protected

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piping. The over pressure shutdown valve shall remain fully


open while the monitored pressure is within the specified
normal range. The over pressure shutdown valve set point must
also be below the set point of any associated safety/relief
valves. See Set Pressure section below.
CPG Engineering will approve all set points for over pressure
protection equipment.
Over pressure shutdown valves and associated controls shall be
arranged to fail closed on loss of power or pilot. Specific failure
modes shall be evaluated for each meter station.

12.6 SAFETY/RELIEF VALVES & OVER PRESSURE PROTECTION


Safety/Relief valves shall not be used as pipeline over pressure protection unless an
exception is granted by CPG Engineering.
Safety/relief valves shall be provided to protect piping and equipment from
overpressure where adequate protection cannot be obtained with pressure
monitoring or pressure limiting devices. In general, piping and equipment that is
"dead-ended" or that can be made "bottle-tight" and that has the potential for
being over pressured as a result of valve leakage, malfunction or other reason, will
require a safety/relief valve for protection.

12.6.1 Selection
Safety/relief valves may be spring-loaded safety/relief valves or pilot-
operated safety/relief valves and shall be certified by the manufacturer
as conforming to the requirements of Section VIII of the ASME Boiler
and Pressure Vessel Code, Pressure Vessels - Division 1.

12.6.2 Set Pressure


a) Where the overpressure protection criterion is 110% of the
maximum allowable operating pressure, the overpressure
protective device(s) may be set to function at a pressure slightly
higher than the maximum allowable operating pressure, but in no
case to exceed a set pressure of 105% of the maximum allowable
operating pressure. The maximum allowable operating pressure
and the specified minimum yield strength shall apply to the
weakest element of the system being protected.
b) It shall be recognized that in a Class 1 Location, design criteria
permits maximum specified minimum yield strength of 72%.
Limitations of 199.211(a) will not in all cases permit a set
pressure as high as 105% of the maximum allowable operating
pressure because of the 75% specified minimum yield strength

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limitation imposed by Section 192.201(a)(2)(i) that will apply in


a Class 1 Location.
c) If a Code stamped, unfired pressure vessel is contained within
the pipeline system being protected, the set pressure of the
overpressure protective device(s) cannot exceed the stamped
pressure rating of the vessel. MAOP in this context means the
lowest maximum allowable operating pressure, determined in
accordance with the applicable codes and standards, of any
component of the protected piping or equipment.

12.6.3 Relieving Capacity


Safety/relief valves shall have a relieving capacity sufficient to prevent
the pressure of the protected piping from exceeding 110 % of the
MAOP, or 75% of pipeline specified minimum yield strength (SMYS),
whichever is lower, based on the largest source of overpressure that
may result from any single failure.
If the source of potential overpressure is a pressure control
valve, other valve, or orifice; then the minimum required relief
capacity is the maximum flow rate that can be achieved through
the valve or orifice. This assumes an upstream pressure equal to
the MAOP of the upstream piping (or to the maximum source
pressure if lower) and assumes a downstream pressure equal to
the MAOP of the protected piping.
In the case of multiple pressure reductions, the rationale of the
preceding paragraph shall be applied to the piping associated
with each successive pressure reduction to the extent that
successive piping sections have lower MAOPs.
In the case of multiple parallel pressure control valves, the
safety/relief valve capacity shall be based on the control valve
having the largest capacity. If a single control failure has the
potential to cause more than one control valve to fail open, the
capacity of the safety/relief valve must be based on the total
capacity of the valves that can fail open.
Where the potential overpressure source is other than a control
valve, valve, or orifice, the safety/relief valve capacity shall be
based on the maximum flow rate that can be achieved through
the particular piping or equipment. This assumes an upstream
pressure equal to the upstream MAOP (or source pressure if
lower) and the downstream pressure equal to the MAOP of the
protected piping.
Capacities of safety/relief valves shall be calculated in

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accordance with Section VIII of the ASME Boiler and Pressure


Vessel Code using manufacturers certified capacity data and
CPGs relief valve capacity calculation program (SWRI-Rev 5.xls
Contact CPG engineering department). Capacity calculations
must consider flowing inlet pressure drop between the
safety/relief valve and the facilities to be protected, and
backpressure resulting from discharge piping, connected vent
lines, or blowdown silencers.
Safety/relief valves shall be designed and installed in a manner
that prevents hammering. Documentation of design review
consideration of potential hammering shall be provided to CPG
for review prior to acceptance of design.

12.6.4 Safety/Relief Valve Installation


Safety/relief valve piping shall conform to the general requirements in
the Yard Piping and Headers section of this Standard and to the
following:
Inlet piping for safety/relief valves shall be as short as practical
and shall be designed to minimize pressure drop in the inlet
piping. Where safety/relief valves are installed on buried
headers, oversize risers shall be employed. Except where limited
by header size, suggested sizes for such risers are follows:
Safety/Relief Valve Nominal Riser Size
Nominal Inlet Size
2 4
3 6
4 8
6 10
8 12

Transition from riser pipe diameter to safety/relief valve inlet


size shall be achieved using a concentric reducer installed
immediately upstream of the safety/relief valve inlet or block
valve.
Block valves shall be installed under safety/relief valves to
provide for routine testing in situations where the safety/relief
valve cannot readily be removed from service. In such cases a
test ring and bleed valve shall be installed between the block
valve and the safety/relief valve.
Block valves installed under safety/relief valves shall be full

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opening valves of the same size as the safety/relief valve inlet,


except in cases where excessive inlet pressure drop would
result, whereupon a valve with I.D. equal to nominal riser size
may be used. Such block valves shall be locked, car-sealed or
otherwise secured in the full open position at all times other
than when testing or maintaining the safety/relief valve.
Safety/relief valves shall discharge at a safe location. A square
ended stack discharging locally at not less than 8 feet above
grade, or above any adjacent walking/working surface, and
equipped with a rain cap is the preferred method; but where
necessary the discharge shall be connected to a vent or flare
header, or to a blow down silencer. Effect of backpressure on
safety/relief valve operation shall be considered when
connecting a safety/valve to a vent or flare header.
Consideration shall also be given when multiple discharge points
are connected to a common header, and when multiple
discharges could occur as a result of a single control or
component failure.
Safety/relief valve inlet and outlet piping shall be adequately
supported to provide for thrust loads.

13 REMOTE SHUTOFF VALVE


CPG Columbia Gulf Transmission requires the installation of a remote controlled isolation valve
at meter stations with flow rates greater than 10 mmcfd. These will be used to prevent gas
from -leaking through when the flow control valve(s) is/are closed.

13.1 REMOTE SHUTOFF VALVES (STATION ISOLATION VALVE)


Remote shutoff valves shall be full port double block and bleed ball valves with
double-acting pneumatic piston actuators.
Remote shutoff valves at meter stations shall be controlled electronically
using open/close signals directly from the flow computer to the solenoid
valves interfaced with the valve actuator.
In general, remote shutoff valves shall be arranged to fail in last position,
but the specific failure mode shall be evaluated for each meter station.
Power gas for remote shutoff valves shall be filtered, dried gas from the
instrument gas supply system. See the Instrument Gas Supply section.
Position feedback equipment shall be installed on remote shutoff valves.
This equipment should include full open and full closed limit switches.

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14 FLOW DIRECTION VALVE


CPG requires the installation of remote controlled flow direction valves that will be used
to route gas in the proper direction through a bi-directional measurement station.

14.1 REMOTE FLOW DIRECTION VALVES


Remote flow direction valves shall be full port ball valves with double-acting
pneumatic piston actuators.
Remote flow direction valves at meter stations shall be controlled
electronically using open / close signals directly from the flow computer to
the solenoid valves interfaced with the valve actuator.
In general, remote flow direction valves shall be arranged to fail in last
position, but the specific failure mode shall be evaluated for each meter
station.
Power gas for remote flow direction valves shall be filtered, dried gas from
the instrument gas supply system. See the Instrument Gas Supply section.
Position feedback equipment shall be installed on remote flow direction
valves. This equipment should include full open and full closed limit
switches.

15 YARD PIPING AND HEADERS


This section describes requirements for the design, installation and testing of meter
station piping. All process piping shall be designed, installed and tested in accordance with
all applicable requirements of Title 49 CFR Part 192.

15.1 DESIGN PRESSURE AND TEMPERATURE


The design pressure and design temperature for all piping systems within the meter
station shall be established based on the most severe conditions applicable to the
specific piping systems. See the Design Pressure section and the Design
Temperature section for more information. The design of all meter station process
piping shall be based on a design factor of 0.50 in a Class 1, 2 or 3 location, and a
design factor of 0.4 in a Class 4 location in accordance with PHMSA Part 192.111.

15.2 PIPE SIZING


All piping shall be conservatively designed for the maximum flow rate, as per the
Flow Rates section, by using appropriate flow equations and applying the following
guidelines.

15.2.1 Station Main Gas Piping


Main gas piping and pipeline taps shall be sized so that the maximum
gas velocity falls within a range of 65 to 80 FPS. This velocity shall be
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evaluated at the minimum pressure and maximum temperature


associated with the design flow rate.

15.2.2 Regulation & Measurement Headers


Regulation & Measurement headers shall be sized so that the
maximum gas velocity falls within a range of 30 to 40 FPS. This velocity
shall be evaluated at the minimum pressure and maximum
temperature associated with the design flow rate.

15.2.3 Station Bypasses


Higher gas velocities are acceptable for bypasses and other piping that is in
service only intermittently or for short durations; but consideration must
be given to potential for noise and erosion resulting from high velocity in
such piping. Velocities above 200 feet per second shall be avoided.

15.2.4 Meter Tube Inlet/Outlet Piping


Risers and other inlet/outlet piping to individual meter tubes will normally
be sized based on the size of the meter tube, rather than on specific
pressure drop considerations. For new installations, meter tube inlet/outlet
piping and valves shall have the same nominal diameter as the meter tube.
The number of bends in piping immediately (within 50 pipe diameters)
upstream of the meter shall be minimized. Multiple out of plane bends
shall not be allowed at the meter runs and consideration shall be given to
installation of above grade inlet headers on USM installations.

15.2.5 Other Considerations


Engineering judgment must be exercised in applying the guidelines
above. For specific situations, good design requires consideration of all
the factors applicable to the design of a particular facility. Such factors
might include:
The economics of selecting a larger or smaller pipe size and the
impact of the resulting lower or higher pressure drop on the
specific piping
The percentage of time that the maximum design flow rate will
actually prevail
Connection to or compatibility with existing facilities
Availability of existing stock or surplus materials
Future growth

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15.3 GENERAL PIPING DESIGN

15.3.1 Configuration/Layout
Piping must be designed to accommodate the process requirements
and must be designed within the constraints of the site dimensions and
profile and the location of station inlet and outlet connections.
Each meter station shall have an inlet and outlet valve to allow the
meter station to be isolated from connected facilities and shall have at
least one blow down valve to allow the isolated station piping to be
vented.
An appropriately-sized blow down along with tap for valve and
pressure gauge shall be provided on all piping sections capable
of being isolated.
A check valve shall be provided near the tap valve on the CPG
pipeline for both deliveries and receipts in unidirectional
stations.
Meter tubes and regulator runs shall be arranged to drain to the
headers. All such headers, and other piping low points, shall
have valved drains/siphons, so that they can be checked for
liquid, and any accumulated liquid removed.
Piping dead ends and low areas where liquids and other
corrosive elements can collect are not permitted.

15.3.2 Header Configuration


When multiple meter runs are used, the headers shall be
installed as F or T type configurations.
Header piping shall be configured to eliminate dead legs where
debris collects and promotes corrosion.
Headers with multiple inlets/outlets for meter tubes shall be
symmetrical and arranged to equalize flow through the meter
tubes.
Consideration shall be given to installation of above grade inlet
headers at the same elevation as the USM installations.

15.3.3 Piping
To the maximum extent practical, main gas piping shall be buried to
provide for maximum protection and minimum maintenance.
Process piping shall be joined by welding or with flanges.
Flanges rated ANSI 600 and lower shall be raised face flanges.

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Ring-joint facing is preferred for flanges rated ANSI 900 and


higher, except where raised facing is required for
assembly/disassembly or to mate with raised face flanges on
equipment.
The flange yield strength shall be equal or better than the pipe
to which it will be welded.
Flanged joints (with the exception of flanges on hot tap valves)
threaded joints, or tubing fittings shall not be installed
underground.
Flanges on hot tap valves shall be raised face.

15.3.4 Flanged connections


Flanges shall be weld neck, raised face and bored to meet the wall
thickness of the connecting pipe.
Normally flanges shall be ASTM A105 forged steel flanges in
accordance with ASME/ANSI B16.5, Pipe Flanges and Flanged
Fittings. Where A105 flanges are to be welded to high yield
strength pipe, (SMYS > 35000 psi) flange hubs shall be specially
prepared to develop the full strength of the pipe. Alternately,
flanges shall be in accordance with MSS SP-44 Steel Pipeline
Flanges and have a yield strength matching that of the pipe to
which they are welded. See Material Specifications FLG-103
Carbon Steel Flanges, NPS 1-12 in 36000 SMYS Specification and
FLG-104 Forged Steel Large Diameter Flanges, 4-42 inch, Grade F-
36, F-65 Specification.
Bolts shall be ASTM A193 Grade B7 full thread studs with ASTM
A194 Grade 2H heavy hex nuts and cadmium plating. See
Material Specification MS.50.001 Bolts, Nuts, and Washers
Specification.
Flange gaskets shall be precision spiral wound gaskets, with
non-asbestos filler, stainless steel winding and 1/8 thick
internal and external stainless steel gauge rings.
The bolt torque guide below shall be used.
The following recommended torque values apply to ASTM A193,
Grade B7 stud bolts and ASTM A194; Grade 2H hex nuts, with
the threads cleaned and a lubricant applied to them. For torque
requirements using other bolt types, contact the CPG
Engineering Department.

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Torque Torque
Bolt Size Threads Bolt Size Threads
Ft. Lbs. Ft. Lbs.
13 15-30 1 3/8 8 660-890
5/8 11 50-65 1 8 890-1,050
10 100-130 1 5/8 8 1,035-
1,215
7/8 9 175-215 1 7/8 8 1,565-
1,845
1 8 220-280 2 8 2,215-
2,585
1 1/8 8 370-470 2 8 3,755-
4,145
1 8 435-570

15.3.5 Welding
All welding shall be done in accordance with the CPG Welding Manual.
All relevant test documentation shall be forwarded to the CPG
representative prior to installation of prefabricated assemblies or tie in
welds. All test documentation of onsite installation will likewise be
forwarded to the CPG representative.
All welded piping shall meet the following requirements:
All field welding must be performed by CPG Qualified welders.
However, welders in an approved welding shop can be qualified by that
approved shop.
NOTE
CPG reserves the right to inspect the shops records and have the
welders qualified to CPG qualifications if CPG is unsatisfied about
any aspect of the shops welding program.

Regardless of whether pipe is shop welded or welded by a CPG


qualified field welder, all welders shall perform all welding using
qualified procedures in accordance with the CPG Welding Manual. A
copy of that document shall be provided with this Meter Station Design
Standard to fabrication shops and contractors responsible for the
design, fabrication, or installation of CPG Meter Stations.
All butt welds six inch and larger on pipe operating at a stress level of
20% and greater shall be 100 % radiographically examined. Four inch and

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smaller welds, or welds on pipe with a stress level of less than 20% shall
be visually inspected or spot checked.
Welds that cannot be effectively examined by radiography shall be non-
destructively examined by dye penetrant, magnetic particle, ultrasonic
or other appropriate means. Alternate means of NDT inspection shall
be approved by CPG prior to use.
All radiography and other non-destructive examinations shall be
performed and interpreted by qualified technicians, using qualified
procedures in accordance with API Standard 1104.
Welds failing to meet the acceptance criteria of API Standard 1104 shall
be repaired (to the extent allowed by API Standard 1104) or replaced.
All weld repairs and replacement welds shall be subjected to the same
examination as the original weld.
Alternately, welding may be done by welders and procedures qualified
under Section IX of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code Welding
Qualifications in which case non-destructive examinations shall
conform to Section V of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code,
Nondestructive Examination.
The X-ray report(s) shall include sketches of the meter and other process
piping and shall clearly identify each x-ray relative to each weld.
Structural welds shall meet the requirements AWS D1.1

15.3.6 Pressure Testing


All process piping shall be subjected to hydrostatic strength and leak
tests in accordance with PHMSA Part 192.501 through 192.517 and in
accordance with the following:
After the tests described in the Welding section above are
completed, field hydrostatic tests shall be conducted when the
process piping installations are essentially complete, using
water as the test medium.
The hydrostatic test pressure shall be a minimum of 1.5 times
the design pressure of the process piping. The maximum test
pressure shall not exceed the maximum allowable test
pressures of any of the components.
The test duration shall be at least 8 hours, as documented by a
continuous recorder.
HYDROSTATIC TEST EQUIPMENT AND REPORT REQUIREMENTS:
Test reports:

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Shall be legible.
Shall have both pressure and temperature recorded on the
same chart.
Shall include calibration reports for the pressure and
temperature recorders and shall evidence that calibration
within 30 days of the hydrostatic test date.
Shall include National Institute of Standards and Technology
(NIST) certification papers for the pressure and temperature
standards used in the above pressure and temperature
recorders calibrations. The accuracy of these standards shall be
traceable to NIST within the last 24 months.
o Meter tubes, vessels or other equipment or components
that have been subjected to an adequate hydrostatic test
prior to installation, may be excluded from the field
hydrostatic tests.
o Turbine, Ultrasonic, or rotary meters shall not be included in
hydrostatic tests.
o Instruments shall be excluded from the hydrostatic tests,
but instrument root valves shall be included.
o All piping and equipment shall be thoroughly drained and
dried when hydrostatic testing has been successfully
completed.

NOTE

Nitrogen testing is allowable under certain conditions with prior


written approval from a CPG Design Engineer.

15.3.7 Valves
All valves shall be purchased to Material Specification MS.50.006 Valve
Specification (Greater than 2 inches) [formerly VAL-101] and the CPG
Approved Material List (AML).
Valves in main gas piping may be ball, gate or plug valves, except as
otherwise provided herein.
Full-opening ball valves shall be used for meter tube isolation
valves.
Valves for above grade installation may be flanged end, weld
end, or weld end by flange end.
Valves 6 and larger shall be provided with gear operators.

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Valves for underground installation shall have weld ends with


the exception of valves used for hot tapping which shall be weld
end by raised face flange end. For large diameter weld end
valves, consideration shall be given to having the valves
furnished with pipe pups welded on and tested by the valve
manufacturer.
Valves installed below grade shall be equipped with stem
extensions to elevate the manual or power operators to an
elevation 3 to 4' above grade. Buried valves requiring lubrication
shall be equipped with extended lube lines and extended body
bleed lines.

15.3.8 Branch Connections


Branch connections shall meet the requirements of the applicable
codes and standards and shall be in accordance with CPG Standard DST-
101 and the following:
Forged straight tees and reducing outlet tees are preferred for
branch connections where the branch connection exceeds the
mainline diameter by 67% and where economically feasible
(considerable gas loss or service outage is unacceptable).
Headers with multiple outlets may be extruded outlet headers
or may be made using tees. Depending on the size and
configuration, extruded outlet headers may be more
economical when installation costs are considered. When
extruded headers are used, consideration shall be given to
including risers, drains and other connections fabricated and
tested as a part of the header assembly at the manufacturers
shop.
Where the branch to header ratio is smaller than that available
with standard tees, branches may be made with a standard tee
with a reducer on the branch; through the use of an extruded
outlet tee; or except as limited below, with a forged branch
outlet fitting.
Welding outlet fittings (weld-o-lets, thread-o-lets, etc.) are
limited to branches 2" nominal size and smaller unless written
permission from the CPG Design engineer is obtained.
Weldolets greater than 4 should not be used.

15.3.9 Hot Taps


Hot taps on CPG pipelines shall be made only by CPG personnel (or by a
CPG-approved Contractor under CPG supervision) following established

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CPG Designs and Procedures. The nominal branch diameter should not
be greater than 67% of the nominal header diameter. The flange on the
hot tap valve shall be raised face. The design and installation of the hot
tap shall conform to all CPG Plans and Procedures and the Welding
Manual.

15.4 PIPING MATERIALS


Pipe, valves, fittings, flanges and other pressure containing components used in
process piping shall conform to all relevant CPG Specifications and the recognized
industry codes and standards applicable to the particular material and to the codes
and standards referenced in the PHMSA Title 49 CFR 192 Appendix B.

15.5 CATHODIC PROTECTION


Companies designing cathodic protection at CPG stations shall utilize the latest
specifications and materials provided by the CPG Integrity Management
Department.
Piping in meter stations shall be cathodically protected as follows:

15.5.1 Insulating Flanges


Meter station piping shall be electrically isolated from the connected
pipelines or other facilities through the use of insulating flanges
installed at the inlet and outlet of the meter station, on the station side
of the inlet and outlet valves. Use of underground insulation joints is
discouraged and insulating flanges underground shall be prohibited.
Insulating flanges shall be assembled with full-faced insulating
gaskets with O-rings, insulating sleeves and double insulating
washers on the flange bolts.
A test station in accordance with CPG Drawing CP-IJ-2 shall be
installed at each insulation joint.
Insulated flanges should be protected with non-metallic flange
protectors and the void filled with dielectric grease, per CPG
Procedure 70.001.041 Filling and Over Wrapping Flanges. This
procedure also requires that all other above grade flanges be
protected with metallic flange protectors.

15.5.2 Cathodic Protection System


The meter station piping owned or operated and maintained by CPG shall
be protected with an impressed current cathodic protection system; either
with a dedicated system, or where practical, by bonding to the cathodic
protection system of a connected pipeline. Also acceptable is the use of
magnesium anodes, provided the station piping is isolated from any

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impressed current CP systems. Pipelines susceptible to induced current


from power lines shall be isolated from stations and the stations protected
using magnesium anodes.

15.5.3 Tubing-Insulating Unions


Electrically insulated tubing unions shall be installed to isolate transmitters
located outside of the meter station isolation flanges, from the meter
station piping. Any electrical connections for power or communications
must be isolated from station piping by either a dielectric tube fitting or
dielectric flange insulators on top-works.

15.5.4 Corrosion Coupons (Internal)


A corrosion coupon holder shall be installed in the main gas stream at
each meter station that delivers gas into the CPG pipeline when
required by the CPG Design Engineer.

15.5.5 Painting
On CPG owned or operated and maintained facilities, all above ground
piping shall be abrasive blasted to SSPC SP-10 or NACE No 2 near
white metal finish and painted with the following coating
specifications as per the latest edition of CPG Procedure 70.001.029
External Coating Aboveground Facilities New Construction and
System Rehabilitation Coating.
All paint materials shall be stored, thinned, applied and cured in
accordance with the manufacturers instructions.
Piping and equipment furnished with an acceptable and compatible
shop applied primer need not be re-blasted and re-primed. In such
cases, defects in shop primer shall be repaired and intermediate and
finish paint applied as above.
Instruments, nameplates, stainless steel, galvanized steel, brass,
aluminum and glass shall not be painted and shall be masked and
protected during abrasive blasting and painting. Masking material shall
be removed upon completion of coating.

15.5.6 Coating of Buried Piping (CPG Owned or Cathodically Protected)


All buried piping shall be coated as outlined below. Underground
coating shall extend between 6 and 12 inches above grade.
Piping to be field coated shall be thoroughly cleaned and
surfaces prepared. Abrasive blasting to SSPC SP-10 or NACE No 2
"near-white" metal is the required surface preparation method

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for all field applied coatings and is required for coal tar epoxy.
Acceptable coatings for underground piping include:
Fusion-bonded, thin-film epoxy
Coal-tar epoxy (for coal tar coated pipe and valves)
Denso Protal 7200
SPC SP-2888
Primer, Wax Tape, Glass Outer Wrap (for over coating
transition areas between coal tar and epoxy coatings)
Surface preparation, application and curing of primers and
application and curing of field applied coatings and field joints
shall be in accordance with the manufacturers instructions and
CPG Design Specification 70.001.026 External Coating
Underground Facilities new Construction or Maintenance Application.
All coatings on buried piping shall be visually inspected and
inspected with an electronic holiday detector per CPG Procedure
70.001.013 Pipe Coating Holiday Detection Procedure. Any
damaged coating or holidays discovered shall be repaired and
re-inspected prior to backfilling the piping.

15.5.7 Coating Hot Tap Flange


The hot tap flange will be coated with Denso Protal 7200 per CPG
Design Specification 70.001.026 External Coating Underground
Facilities new Construction or Maintenance Application. The flange
will be filled with Trenton Innercoat Flange Fill. Six inches on both sides
of the flange, the pipe, bolts, nuts and flange will be coated with Denso
Paste Primer. The area between the pipe and the flange will be over-
coated with Denso Profiling Mastic to create a smooth transition.
Starting at the edge of the primer, the area will be coated with Denso
Densyl Tape. The taped area will then be over-coated with Denso Glass
Overwrap.

15.5.8 Corrosion Coupon Test Station (External)


A corrosion coupon test station will be installed at the measuring station
per Standard Drawing CP-CC-1. Wires will be connected to the pipe using a
Thermite (e.g. Cadweld) connection per CPG Procedure 70.002.043
Corrosion Control Meter Calibration and Reference Electrode Maintenance.
Thermite welds will be coated per Design Specification 70.001.026
External Coating Underground Facilities new Construction or
Maintenance Application.

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15.5.9 Weld Over Sleeves


Hot tap full encirclement reinforcing sleeves must be greased and
coated as per CPG Procedure 70.001.042 Corrosion Protection Under
Encirclement Type Reinforcing Sleeves.

15.5.10 Concrete Sleepers


Below grade piping resting on concrete supports shall be coated per Design
Specification 70.001.026 External Coating Underground Facilities new
Construction or Maintenance Application. with 40 mils DFT of either Denso
Protal 7200 two part epoxy completely around the circumference of the
pipe for a length of 6 inches past each end of the concrete form. If the pipe
was mill coated with FBE, apply 30 mils DFT of either the Denso Protal 7200
directly over top of the FBE completely around the circumference of the
pipe for a length of 6 inches past each end of the concrete form. (See CPG
Material Specification 70.001.032 Over-Coatings and Overwraps for
Protecting Coated Pipe.)

15.5.11 Below Grade to Above Grade Transition


The below ground to above ground transition piping will be coated with
either FBE or a two part epoxy. The coating will be protected with a
Tapecoat T/R Riser Jacket. The Riser Jacket will be positioned so 10 inches
of the Jacket is below grade and the remainder is above grade. The Riser
Jacket will be installed per the manufacturer's installation instructions and
be held in place with stainless steel banding.
An alternate transition coating is to use Trenton #2 Wax Tape with
primer applied over the pipeline corrosion coating from 6 above grade
to 18 below grade.

15.5.12 Above Grade Pipe Supports


The above ground pipe supports will be epoxy chocks with Vibalon
bonded to it. Pipe straps will have Vibalon bonded to the surface facing
the pipe.
The piping at all above ground pipe supports with operating
temperatures up to 200oF will be protected by applying Denso Protal
7200 two part epoxy (40 mils) and a topcoat of Carboline Carbothane
134HG (2-3 mils) around the circumference of the pipe. The Denso
Protal epoxy coating will be applied per Design Specification 70.001.026
External Coating Underground Facilities new Construction or
Maintenance Application and will extend a minimum of 6 inches
beyond the edge of the support surface. The Denso Protal epoxy will be
brush blasted before the application of the Carboline Carbothane
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topcoat per Procedure 70.001.029 External Coating Aboveground


Facilities New Construction and System Rehabilitation Coating.
The piping at all above ground pipe supports shall be protected per CPG
Procedure 70.001.042 Corrosion Protection Under Encirclement Type
Reinforcing Sleeves.

16 FILTERSEPARATORS AND LIQUID HANDLING


Filter-separators shall be located at the inlet of all meter stations with main gas piping
larger than six-inch diameter that deliver gas into a CPG pipeline, unless deemed
unnecessary after a joint review by the CPG design and operation engineers. Refer to the
specific interconnect agreement between CPG and Customer for details.

16.1 FILTER SEPARATOR

16.1.1 General
One or more filter-separators shall be installed and shall have an
aggregate design capacity equal to or greater than the maximum
station flow rate. Filter - separators shall be designed for operation
over the range of pressures, temperatures and flow rates required.
Filter-separator vessels shall be designed, fabricated, inspected and tested
in accordance with Section VIII of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel
Code, Pressure Vessels - Division 1 and shall be code stamped. However,
after installation, the separator will be operated as a pipeline component -
not as an ASME Section VIII pressure vessel.
Each filter-separator shall be designed (at a minimum) at 105%
of the MAOP of the attached piping.
Each filter-separator shall be installed with an inlet and outlet
valve to allow the vessel to be isolated from the station piping
for maintenance and inspection.
If only a single filter-separator is installed, a manual bypass shall
be provided. The bypass piping shall be configured to preclude
the accumulation of liquids or pipeline debris upstream of the
bypass valve.
If a filter-separator is not installed initially, provisions (space)
will be made for the installation of the filter-separator in the
future.

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16.1.2 Configuration
Filter-separators shall be of horizontal configuration with an upstream
filter section separated with a bulkhead from a downstream separator
or mist extractor section. Each section shall connect to a separate liquid
collection sump.
The filter section shall contain multiple tubular fibrous filter
elements arranged for parallel gas flow. The filter elements shall
be arranged for convenient replacement through a quick
opening closure located on the end of the vessel. The closure
shall be the same diameter as the vessel to allow for ease of
filter replacement unless otherwise approved by the CPG
engineer.
The separator section shall employ high-efficiency vane type
separator elements or other suitable mist extractor elements to
remove liquid droplets.
Inspection openings shall be provided as required by the ASME
Code and as necessary to inspect vessel internals. Blind flanged
connections shall be provided for clean out of the sump
sections.

16.1.3 Performance
Over the range of specified operating conditions, filter-separators shall
be capable of removing solid particles and entrained liquid droplets
from the gas stream with the following efficiency:

Particles/droplets 3.0 microns and larger: 100% removal

Particles/droplets >0.5 microns and <3 microns 99% removal

If operational experience dictates more stringent separation


performance is necessary, CPG's Design Engineering will determine the
site specific requirements.
The pressure drop through the filter-separator shall not exceed 5 psi in
the clean condition over the specified range of operating conditions.

16.1.4 Controls and Instrumentation


Filter-separators shall be equipped with controls and instrumentation
appropriate to the requirements of the specific meter station and as
outlined below.
Each filter-separator shall be provided with a safety/thermal

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relief valve, a pressure indicating gauge and a differential


pressure transmitter to monitor the pressure drop across the
filter section. The differential pressure transmitter output is to
be connected to the status input of the station flow computer to
provide remote alarm capability.
As a minimum, each liquid sump section shall be equipped with
a liquid level sight gauge and a manual liquid drain valve. Each
sump shall include a blind flanged connection suitable for
cleaning out the sump.
At meter stations delivering gas into CPG pipelines, a high-level
shutdown device shall be provided to automatically shut off
flow through the meter station in the event of high liquid level
in the separator sump section.
If the station is shut in routinely due to high liquid level shutoff,
consideration shall be given to installing a tank and automating
the filter separator dump system.
Connections shall be provided to allow liquid level control.
A pressure reducing nozzle or orifice shall be installed in any
manual or automatic drain line. The pressure reducing nozzle or
orifice shall be installed at the inlet of the tank. The design shall
prevent overpressure of the tank by considering the vent
capacity and gas flow thru the orifice.
Where it is anticipated that significant quantities of liquids will
be collected, liquid level controls and liquid dump valves shall be
provided on each sump section to automatically dump collected
liquid to a liquid storage/disposal system. See the Water and
Hydrocarbon Drains section. A high liquid level switch shall be
installed on the liquid separator sump and shall be connected to
the status input of the station flow computer to provide remote
alarm capability.
Sumps, dump control and piping that may contain water must
be protected from freezing by enclosing the sump and piping in
an insulated heated enclosure or heat tracing (the piping and
sump) with removable insulation.

16.1.5 Drain Connections


Drain connections shall be provided on orifice fittings, on all headers;
and at other low points in piping that are likely to accumulate liquids.
Drains at orifice fittings shall be on the bottom of the fitting, at
the upstream tap. If the orifice fitting drain is connected to a

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drain collection system, then the drain valve shall be connected


to a local drip bottle, and a valved outlet on the drip bottle shall
be connected to the drain collection piping.
Drains from buried piping shall be via a siphon drain installed in
the top of the pipe and extending to near the bottom of the
pipe. A weld end ball valve shall be installed as the primary
valve, followed by a inch drain outlet valve connected to the
drain collection system. If no drain collection system is installed,
then a short length of stainless steel tubing shall be installed on
the valve outlet and bent 180 to point downward. See Typical
Siphon Detail Drawing MP-SI-1.
Drains from buried piping shall not be smaller than 1 inch
nominal size, shall have all welded joints through the primary
valve, and shall be protected from mechanical damage either by
location or with guard posts.

16.1.6 Drain Collection Systems


Drain collection systems shall be installed where justified by the
amount of liquid anticipated to be drained from the various piping and
equipment drain points.
Drain collection piping shall normally be of 1 inch nominal size
pipe routed from the various piping and equipment drain points
to a liquid storage tank. Larger pipe sizes may be required for
high volume dumps such as from large or multiple filter
separators.
At each drain point, a check valve shall be installed between the
drain valve and the drain collection piping. Forged steel swing
check valves are preferred for 1 inch nominal size and smaller.
Check valves 2 inch nominal size and larger shall be flanged end,
swing check valves with bolted bonnets.
The design pressure of the drain collection piping shall be equal
to that of the connected process piping or equipment. Separate
drain collection systems shall be provided for process piping
systems with different design pressures. However, drain
collection systems with different design pressures may
discharge to the same atmospheric storage tank as long as each
line protects the tank from overpressure and the tank vent can
handle all of the drain lines simultaneously without a discharge
from one line causing overpressure in another.

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16.1.7 Liquid Storage


Collected liquids must be stored until they can be trucked away for
disposal. The size of the storage tank will be determined by the
quantity of liquid collected over time, and the frequency that it can be
efficiently hauled away for disposal. Storage tanks shall be atmospheric
and, depending on size, may be constructed of pipe and fittings or may
be conventional storage tanks.
All tanks shall be installed above grade and shall be within tank
dikes or on curbed foundations sufficient to contain the tank
volume. (If multiple tanks are located within a single diked area,
then the dike capacity shall be determined in accordance with
NFPA requirements.)
Conventional steel storage tanks shall be welded tanks
conforming to the requirements of API Specification 12F,
Specification for Shop Welded Tanks for Storage of Production
Liquids. (Tanks smaller than 90 barrels shall conform to API 12F
to the extent applicable.)
Liquid storage tanks shall be vented to atmosphere and all vents
shall have flame arrestors.
API 12F tanks shall have normal and emergency venting
capacities as required by that specification. Restriction orifices
shall be installed at automatic liquid dump valves to ensure that
tank venting capacities are not exceeded in the event the dump
valve fails open.
All liquid storage tanks shall be equipped with level gauge
glasses or level indicators.
Where liquid storage tanks are located at delivery locations
from the CPG system, high liquid level switches shall be installed
with outputs connected to the appropriate status inputs of the
station flow computer to provide remote alarm capability.
Tank inlet lines from drain collection systems shall be piped to
enter the top of the storage tank, above the maximum liquid
level.
A tank truck loading area grounding station shall be installed at
each location where a tank drain hose is to be connected to a
truck loading point. See CPG Standard Drawings.
In addition, two warning signs with the following messages shall
be installed:
(1) DANGERNO SMOKING or OPEN FLAMES and

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(2) CAUTION CONNECT GROUNDING CABLE TO FRAME


OF TRUCK BEFORE ATTACHING HOSE. DISCONNECT
CABLE AFTER HOSE IS UNCOUPLED.

16.2 LIQUID LEVEL SHUTOFF


This is a device that shuts off gas flow when liquid level exceeds the capacity of the
vessel. These are used at stations delivering gas into CPG that have main piping of
six-inch diameter and less. Drawings will be provided by CPG based on each
application.

16.3 WATER AND HYDROCARBON DRAINS


Provision shall be made at all meter stations for checking the presence of liquids in
piping, vessels or equipment. In the event that liquid accumulations are anticipated
in the design phase, or if liquids are discovered to be a continuing problem during
operations, then systems for the drainage, collection and disposal of such liquids
shall be provided.

17 HEATERS

17.1 PROCESS GAS HEATING


Gas heating shall be provided where required by ambient conditions, gas quality,
pressure reductions or other factors. Heating of the gas stream may be
accomplished by indirect fired heaters or heat exchangers. Local heating of
regulators and control valves with catalytic heaters may also be used where
appropriate.

17.1.1 Indirect Fired Heaters


Heaters shall be indirect, gas fired, water bath heaters conforming to
API Specification 12K Indirect-Type Oil Field Heaters and CPG HTR-101
- Indirect Gas Fired Heater Specification. These specifications will be
provided by the CPG engineer upon application.
Heaters shall be situated such that the heater coil and burner
can be pulled for inspection.
The heaters shall be designed to maintain the required gas
outlet temperature under the most severe specified conditions
of gas flow rate and gas inlet and outlet pressure and
temperature.
Heaters will be designed and tested to meet the design pressure

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of the application. In some cases, the flange connections on the


gas coil may be pressure de-rated due to the temperature of the
process gas but must still meet the application design pressure.
Heaters and location shall conform to AGA XL1001.
Heaters shall be purchased as complete units. Selection of the
control system shall be evaluated for each project.

17.1.2 Catalytic Heaters


Local heating of pressure control valves, instrument supply systems and
pilots to prevent hydrate formation may be done with gas fueled
catalytic heaters, where the size of the meter station, or the likely
frequency of the problem does not justify the installation of a heater to
heat the entire gas stream.
Catalytic heaters with electric start shall be equipped with
thermostatic control and safety shutdown.
Catalytic heaters and all accessory devices shall be certified for
the hazardous area classification of the area in which they are to
be installed.
Design of catalytic heater installations shall be in strict
accordance with the manufacturers instructions.

18 APPLICABLE CODES & STANDARDS


Meter stations shall be designed and constructed in accordance with all applicable
Federal, State and local laws and regulations; in accordance with all applicable permits; in
accordance with the latest edition of the basic codes and standards listed below and in
accordance with more specific codes and standards referenced in succeeding sections of
this Standard.

18.1 FEDERAL REGULATIONS


Title 49 CFR Part 192, Transportation of Natural and Other Gas by Pipeline:
Minimum Federal Safety Standards (PHMSA)

18.2 STATE AND LOCAL REGULATIONS


Not Applicable

18.3 INDUSTRY STANDARDS

18.3.1 General
API Manual of Petroleum Measurement Standards, Chapter 14 Natural
Gas Fluids Measurement

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API Manual of Petroleum Measurement Standards, Chapter 21 Flow


Measurement Using Electronic Metering Systems
ANSI/NFPA 70, National Electrical Code
AGA Catalog No. XL1001, Classification of Locations for Electrical
Installations in Gas Utility Areas
AGA Reports Number 3, 7, 8, 9, and 10

18.3.2 Electrical Installations


All meter station electrical equipment and electrical installations shall conform to
the requirements of the latest edition of ANSI/NFPA 70, National Electrical Code
(NEC), and to the following codes and standards as applicable:
American Petroleum Institute (API)
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
National Electrical Manufacturers Associations (NEMA)
National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)
Underwriters Laboratory (UL) and/or
Canadian Standards Association (CSA)
Factory Mutual (FM)

18.4 COLUMBIA PIPELINE GROUP DOCUMENTS

Document Type Number Title

Design Standard 70.001.026 External Coating- Underground Facilities


New Construction or Maintenance
Application

Design Standard 70.001.037 Yard-Applied External Powercrete Coating


on FBE Coated Pipe

Design Standard 70.001.040 Standard Paint Colors

Design Standard 70.002.041 Electrical Isolation of piping Systems and


Components Minimum Requirements

Material Specification 70.001.032 Over Coatings and Overwraps for


Protecting Coated Pipe

Procedure 70.001.029 External Coating-Above Ground Facilities


New Construction & System

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Document Type Number Title

Rehabilitation Coating

Appendix 70.001.029 Maintenance Painting Appendix A


Coating Selection Guide

Procedure 70.001.036 Applying Trenton Innercoat and


Guardwrap

Procedure 70.001.038 Cold-Applied Wax Tape Application


Procedure

Procedure 70.001.041 Filling and Over Wrapping Flanges

Procedure 70.001.042 Corrosion Protection Under Encirclement


Type Reinforcing Sleeves

19 DEFINITIONS
Overpressure protection System by which regulators or control valves control the
pressure from a higher MAOP pipeline to a lower MAOP pipeline. Two types of
overpressure protection are permitted by this Standard both specified by PHMSA
192.199.
Monitored set of regulation Two regulators or control valves are installed in series. The
primary or overpressure control valve is the downstream valve and shall be set at the
lower MAOP pipelines pressure which is to be protected. The upstream regulator or
control valve is the monitor valve that will take over if the primary control valve fails to
control correctly.
Over pressure shutdown valve Also known as a security valve, the Overpressure
Shutdown valve acts as the monitor control valve and will close upon sensing its set-point
and remain closed until manually reset. The Overpressure shutdown valve is used where
the Customer has provided control of the higher MAOP pipeline so as not to over pressure
the lower MAOP pipeline.
Remote shutoff valve A standalone valve that can be remotely closed when a station
needs to be shut in at the discretion of CPG.
Flow Control valve - The flow control valve receives a remote flow set point to control the
flow rate of gas using measurement at the facility.
Flow Control valve with overpressure control - The flow control valve receives a remote
flow set point to control the flow rate of gas using measurement at the facility. However,

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this set-point can be over ridden with overpressure control signal from either a local
pneumatic pressure controller or a local electronic pressure controller.
Pressure control valve The pressure control valve receives a remote pressure set point
to control the pressure of gas using pressure sense at the facility. However, this control
valve can be over ridden with overpressure control signal from either a local pneumatic
pressure controller or a local electronic pressure controller.
Run Sequencing Valve - The Run Sequencing Valve is fully opened or closed based on a
signal from the flow computer that determines if the meter run is required to accurately
gauge flow rate.
Flow Direction Valve The Flow Direction Valve is fully opened or closed based on a
signal from the flow computer that determines direction of flow through a bidirectional
station.
Relief Valve A valve that relieves gas to the atmosphere when a set pressure is sensed.
Set Pressure The pressure set point at which an over pressure device actuates.
a) Where the overpressure protection criterion is 110% of the maximum allowable
operating pressure, the overpressure protective device(s) may be set to function at a
pressure slightly higher than the maximum allowable operating pressure, but in no
case to exceed a set pressure of 105% of the maximum allowable operating pressure.
The maximum allowable operating pressure and the specified minimum yield strength
shall apply to the weakest element of the system being protected.
b) It shall be recognized that in a Class 1 Location, design criteria permits a maximum
specified minimum yield strength of 72%. Limitations of 199.211(a) will not in all cases
permit a set pressure as high as 105% of the maximum allowable operating pressure
because of the 75% specified minimum yield strength limitation imposed by Section
192.201(a)(2)(i) that will apply in a Class 1 Location.
c) The set pressure of a relief valve protecting a code stamped, unfired pressure vessel
contained within the pipeline system being protected cannot exceed the stamped
pressure rating of the vessel. MAOP in this context means the lowest maximum
allowable operating pressure, determined in accordance with the applicable codes
and standards, of any component of the protected piping or equipment.

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20 APPENDIX A1 - Restriction Plate Sizing Rotary meters

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21 APPENDIX A2 - Restriction Plate Sizing Turbine Meters

Sensus
Turbine Orifice Orifice Plate Flowrate 120%
Meter Pipe Size Orifice Dia. Plate OD Thickness Capacity of Meter
Type (in) (in) (in) (in) (0.6 S.G. Gas)

T-18 4 1.35 6.78 0.125 21600

T-27 4 1.66 6.78 0.187 32400

T-30 6 1.74 8.66 0.187 36000

T-35 6 1.88 8.66 0.25 42000

T-57 6 2.41 8.66 0.25 68400

T-60 8 2.47 10.91 0.312 72000

T-90 8 3.02 10.91 0.312 108000

T-140 12 3.77 16.03 0.375 168000

T-230 12 4.83 16.03 0.375 276000

Restriction plates will result in a 50% permanent reduction in pressure across the plate at
sonic flow 120% rated meter capacity listed

22 CHANGE LOG
Date Change Location Changed By Brief Description of Change
2/7/15 Section 11.5.6 B.Reed Changed Procedure 70.001.046 to
70.001.013.
6/8/15 Throughout B.Reed Major Revision document
reformatted to new template;
document references updated.
7/16/15 Throughout R. Makar Changed order of sections.
8/26/15 Section 12.5.4 R. Makar Added requirement that over
pressure relief valves can only be
installed in conjunction with CPG
controlled primary pressure control
devices.

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