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6/1/2017 VisionIASPrelims

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Total Attempted Correct Incorrect Score Rank Percentile AverageScore
100 77 59 18 106.12 66/719 90.96 60.54*


Your
Q.No. Question Answer,DifficultyandNature Answer Exp.
andMarks

Considerthefollowingstatementswith c Not Allthethreestatementsarecorrect.


regardtomeasurementofbiodiversity: Difficult Attempted Measuringthediversityofaspecies
Fundamental(F) generallyincorporatesestimatesof
1.Alphadiversityreferstothe "richness".Alsoreferredtoasalpha
diversitywithinaparticular diversity,speciesrichnessisacommon
ecosystemexpressedbythe DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
wayofmeasuringbiodiversityand
numberofspecies.
involvescountingthenumberof
2.Betadiversityismeasuredasthe
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43280&et1=1&et2=9) individualsorevenfamiliesinagiven
changeinamountofspecies
area.
betweentheecosystems.
Attheecosystemlevel,measuresof
3.Gammadiversityisameasureof biodiversityareoftenusedtocompare
theoveralldiversityforthedifferent twoecosystemsortodeterminechanges
ecosystemswithinaregion.
1 overtimeinagivenregion.Describing
Whichofthestatementsgivenabove changesinbiodiversitywithinorbetween
is/arecorrect? ecosystemsiscalledbetadiversity.
Measuresofbetadiversityindicatethe
differenceinspeciesrichnessbetween
(a)3only twodifferenthabitatsorwithinasingle
(b)1and2only communityatdifferentpointsintime.The
(c)1,2and3 resultingnumberindicatestoresearchers
(d)1only whetherthereisanyoverlapinthe
speciesfoundineachgroup.
Gammadiversity,ontheotherhand,
estimatesthetotalbiodiversitywithinan
entireregion.

Considerthefollowingpairs: b b Only2ndand4thpairsarecorrectly
Difficult Correct matched.
Fundamental(F) 2Marks
Invertibrates Description Time16 1.Arachnids:Allarachnidshaveeightlegs,
Sec andunlikeinsects,theydonothave
DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php? antennae.Thebodiesofarachnidsare
1.Arachnids : Marine dividedintotwosections,the
animalswith cephalothoraxinfrontandtheabdomen
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43292&et1=1&et2=9) behind.Arachnidsarespiders,mites
armsor
spines andticksandscorpions.
2.Annelids:Theyhavesegmentedbodies
withnolimbs.TheanimalsintheAnnelida
2.Annelids : Segmented aresegmentedworms.Theyhaveno
bodieswith legs,andnohardskeleton.Unlike
nolimbs mollusks,annelidbodiesaredividedinto
manylittlesegments,likeringsjoined
together.Therearemanyotherkindsof
worms,butonlyannelidsaresegmented
3. : Softskin
2 thisway.Therearethreemaingroupsof
Echinoderms likeorgans
annelids,theearthworms,theleeches,
covered
andabiggroupthatlivesintheocean
withhard
andarecalledpolychaetes.
outsideshell
3.Echinoderms:Theyaremarineanimals
thatliveintheocean.Mostofthemhave
armsandspinesthatradiatefromthe
4.Protozoa : Simple, centreoftheirbodies.Ex:seastar,sea
singlecelled urchin,sanddollarandseacucumber.
animals 4.Protozoa:Simple,singlecelledanimals.
Theyaresmallestofallanimals.Mostof
Whichofthepairsgivenaboveis/are themaremicroscopic.Theydobreathe,
correctlymatched? moveandreproducelikemulticellular
animals.eg,flagellas,amoebas.
(a)2only
(b)2and4only
(c)1,3and4only
(d)3and4only

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6/1/2017 VisionIASPrelims

TheBHIMapp,recentlyseeninnews, c c TheBharatInterfaceforMoney(BHIM)
aimsto: Easy Correct isaninitiativetoenablefast,secureand
Factual 2Marks reliablecashlesspaymentsthrough
Time2
Sec
mobilephones.BHIMisinteroperable
(a)facilitatedirectcitizenparticipationin
withotherUnifiedPaymentInterface(UPI)
governance. DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
applicationsandbankaccounts,andhas
3 (b)facilitatehasslefreelodgingoffirst beendevelopedbytheNational
informationreport. PaymentsCorporationofIndia(NPCI).
(c)enablefast,secureandreliable test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=42983&et1=1&et2=9)
cashlesspaymentsthroughmobile
phones.
(d)provideallpassportrelatedservices
toIndiancitizens.

Considerthefollowingstatementswith c c SilentValleyNationalParkhas
referencetoaNationalPark: Medium Correct exceptionalEcosystemdiversityfrom
Factual 2Marks moistdeciduous,semievergreen,
1.Ithasmoistdeciduous,semi Time3
evergreenandsholaforeststomontane
evergreen,evergreen,shola Sec
grasslands.Ithaslargestpopulationof
forestsandmontanegrasslands. DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
LionTailedMacaqueandNilgiriLangur.It
2.Itishometolargestpopulationof comesunderProjectElephantarea.
LionTailedMacaque. ManasnationalparkisruledoutasShola
3.ItcomesunderProjectElephant. test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43375&et1=1&et2=9)
4 forestsareendemictosouthernpartof
WhichofthefollowingNationalParksis westernghats.
characterisedbytheabovefeatures? Bannerghatanationalparkislocatedjust
southofBengaluruandisdeprivedof
sholaforest.
(a)Manas Liontailedmacaqueisnottherein
(b)Bannerghata Nandadevinationalpark.
(c)Silentvalley
(d)Nandadevi

Considerthefollowingstatementswith b Not KazirangaNationalParkisalsoaworld


regardtoanationalpark: Difficult Attempted heritagesite.Theparkisrecognizedas
Applied(A) anImportantBirdAreabyBirdLife
1.Ithasthehighestdensityoftigers
Internationalfortheconservationof
intheprotectedareasofworld. avifaunalspecies.Theparkhoststwo
2.ItisrecognizedasImportantBird DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
thirdsoftheworld'sGreatOnehorned
AreabyBirdlifeInternational.
rhinoceros.Kazirangaalsohasthe
3.ItisaUNESCOworldheritagesite. highestdensityoftigersamongthe
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43338&et1=1&et2=9)
WhichofthefollowingNationalParksis protectedareasintheworldandwas
5 characterisedbytheabovefeatures? declaredaTigerReservein2006.Ithas
tallelephantgrass,marshland,anddense
tropicalmoistbroadleafforests.
(a)Manas KeoladeodoesnothaveTigersandis
(b)Kaziranga alsonotanImportantBirdArea.Itisboth
(c)Keoladeo anationalparkandaworldheritagesite.
(d)Sariska
Sariskaisnotaworldheritagesite.
Manasdoesnothavethehighestdensity
oftigers.

"ShaGun",adedicatedwebportal b Not MinistryofHumanResource


recentlylaunchedbytheGovernmentof Difficult Attempted Developmentlaunched'ShaGun'aweb
India,isformonitoringofwhichofthe CurrentAffairs(CA) portalforSarvaShikshaAbhiyan.
followingschemes? ShaGun,whichhasbeencoinedfromthe
words'Shala'meaningSchoolsand
DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
'Gunvatta'meaningQuality,hasbeen
(a)SukanyaSamriddhiYojana
developedwithatwintrackapproach.It
(b)SarvaShikshaAbhiyan aimstocaptureandshowcase
(c)PradhanMantriKaushalVikas test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43524&et1=1&et2=9)
innovationsandprogressinElementary
Yojana
EducationsectorofIndiabycontinuous
(d)Swavalamban monitoringoftheflagshipschemeSarva
ShikshaAbhiyan(SSA).
PradhanMantriKaushalVikasYojana
(PMKVY)istheflagshipschemeofthe
MinistryofSkillDevelopment&
Entrepreneurship(MSDE).Theobjective
ofthisSkillCertificationSchemeisto
enablealargenumberofIndianyouthto
takeupindustryrelevantskilltrainingthat
willhelptheminsecuringabetter
livelihood.Individualswithpriorlearning
6 experienceorskillswillalsobeassessed
andcertifiedunderRecognitionofPrior
Learning(RPL).UnderthisScheme,
TrainingandAssessmentfeesare
completelypaidbytheGovernment.
Sawavalambanisapensionscheme
launchedbyMinistryofFinance,tothe
workersinunorganisedsector.Anycitizen
whoisnotpartofanystatutorypension
schemeoftheGovernmentand
contributesbetweenRs.1000andRs.
12000/perannum,couldjointhe
scheme.TheCentralGovernmentshall
contributeRs.1000perannumtosuch
subscribers.
SukanyaSamridhiYojana:Thescheme
primarilyensuresequitablesharetoagirl
childinresourcesandsavingsofafamily
inwhichsheisgenerallydiscriminatedas
againstamalechild.Itwaslaunchedby
Ministryofwomenandchild
development.

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Withreferenceto"Vanjeevan",consider b Not UnionMinistryofTribalAffairsin


thefollowingstatements: Difficult Attempted collaborationwithUNDPandNational
Applied(A) ScheduledTribesFinanceand
1.ItisaNationalResourceCentrefor
DevelopmentCorporation(NSTFDC)
triballivelihoodissues.
launched"Vanjeevan"theNational
2.ItisundertheMinistryof DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
ResourceCentre(NRC)forTribal
Environment,ForestandClimate
LivelihoodissuesatBhubaneswar.Thus,
Change.
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43296&et1=1&et2=9) statements1and3arecorrect.
3.Ithasbeensetupincollaboration
Statement2isincorrect.
withUnitedNationsDevelopment
Theschemewillidentifyproblemsrelated
Program(UNDP).
tolivelihoodissues,provideskilltraining
7 Whichofthestatementsgivenaboveare andtofacilitateentrepreneurshipand
correct? employmentamongtribalpeople.
Infirstphaseitwillbelaunchedin
selecteddistrictsofsixstateshavinglow
(a)1and2only HDIvalueoftribalpeople.Thesestates
(b)1and3only areAssam,Gujarat,MadhyaPradesh,
(c)2and3only Rajasthan,OdishaandTelangana.
(d)1,2and3 In2ndphase,programmewillbe
implementedinArunachalPradesh,
Chattisgarh,Jharkhand,Maharashtra,
MeghalayaandTripura.

Considerthefollowingstatements d d LoktakLakeisthelargestfreshwater
regardingLoktaklake: Difficult Correct lakeinNorthEastIndia(Manipur)is
Applied(A) 2Marks famousforthephumdis(heterogeneous
1.Itisknownforphumdisfloating Time10
Sec
massofvegetation,soil,andorganic
overit.
mattersatvariousstagesof
2.Itprovideshabitattocritically DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
decomposition)floatingoverit.
endangeredSangai.
ItislistedunderRamsaraswellas
3.ItiscoveredunderRamsarlistand
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43328&et1=1&et2=9) MontreuxRecord.
MontruexRecord.
8 TheKeibulLamjaoNationalParkonthe
4.Itisabrakishwaterlake. lakeistheonlyremainingnaturalhabitat
Whichofthestatementsgivenabove oftheendangeredbrowantlereddeeror
is/arecorrect? thedancingdeer,locallyknownas
Sangai.KeibulLamjaoNationalparkis
situatedinsidethelaketoconservethe
(a)3and4only species.
(b)2and3only
(c)1,2and4only
(d)1,2and3only

TheCoalitionEpidemicPreparedness d b TheCoalitionEpidemicPreparedness
Innovations(CEPI)aimstofinanceand Medium Incorrect Innovations(CEPI)isanewcoalitionof
coordinatethedevelopmentofnew CurrentAffairs(CA) 0.66 stakeholdersfrominternational
Marks
vaccines.Itisacoalitionofwhichofthe Time6
organizations,governments,industry,
following? Sec publicandphilanthropicR&Dfunders,
DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
academia,NGOsandcivilsocietygroups
1.Nationalgovernments
whoagreedtoexplorenewwaysof
2.Industry
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43521&et1=1&et2=9) workingtodrivevaccineinnovationto
9 3.NGOs
addresspublichealththreats,inalignment
Selectthecorrectanswerusingthecode withtheWHOBlueprintforR&D.
givenbelow. CEPIwaslaunchedwithsignificant
fundingandtheaimtodevelopvaccines
forknowninfectiousdiseasethreats.The
(a)1only goalistohavevaccinesreadybeforean
(b)1and3only epidemicstarts.
(c)2and3only
(d)1,2and3

WithreferencetotheLuckyGrahak d d TheGovernmentofIndiaseeksto
Yojana,recentlyannouncedbythe Medium Correct promotedigitalpaymentmethodsto
government,considerthefollowing Fundamental(F) 2Marks encourageconsumersandmerchants
Time5
statements: Sec
toincreasinglyshifttothesepayment
modes.Totakethisinitiativeforward,
1.Itaimstoencouragesaleof DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
LuckyGrahakYojanaforConsumersand
governmentbonds.
DigiDhanVyaparYojanaforMerchants,
2.ItisbeingimplementedbytheRBI.
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=42989&et1=1&et2=9) waslaunchedon25thDecember2016at
Whichofthestatementsgivenabove VigyanBhavan.
is/arecorrect? Theschemesareaimedatencouraging
peopletomovetowardssignificantly
higherusageofdigitaltransactions
10 (a)1only throughtheofferofincentives.
(b)2only Thedrawsfortheseeventswillbetaken
(c)Both1and2 outin100differentcitiesaroundthe
(d)Neither1nor2 country,inaceremonyaccompaniedbya
digitalpaymentsadoptionfaircalled
DigiDhanMela.
Theschemeswillbeimplementedby
NationalPaymentsCorporationof
India(NPCI).Onlythosetransactionsthat
takeplacethroughRuPayCards,USSD,
UPIandAEPSareeligibleforthese
schemes.

Considerthefollowingpartsofhuman a a Cornealpartofthedonor'seyeis
eye: Medium Correct transplantedintheeyedonationprocess
Fundamental(F) 2Marks restofthepartarenotused.
1.Cornea Time2
2.Retina Sec
3.Lens DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?

11 Intheeyedonation,whichoftheabove
partsis/aretransplantedfromthedonor? test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43611&et1=1&et2=9)

(a)1only
(b)1and2only
(c)2only
(d)1,2and3

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WithreferencetotheWetland c b Statement1isnotcorrect:Thefollowing
(ConservationandManagement)Rules, Medium Incorrect wetlandsareregulatedundertheserules,
2010,considerthefollowingstatements: Fundamental(F) 0.66 namely:
Marks
1.Onlythewetlandsincludedunder Time4 wetlandscategorisedasRamsar
theRamsarConventionhavebeen DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php? Sec WetlandsofInternationalImportance
coveredundertherules. undertheRamsarConventionas
2.ItproposesforcreationofState specifiedintheSchedule
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43580&et1=1&et2=9)
LevelWetlandAuthorityineach wetlandsinareasthatareecologically
state. sensitiveandimportant,suchas,national
3.Itprohibitssettingupofnew parks,marineparks,sanctuaries,
industrieswithinthewetlands reservedforests,wildlifehabitats,
coveredundertherules. mangroves,corals,coralreefs,areasof
outstandingnaturalbeautyorhistoricalor
Whichofthestatementsgivenabove
heritageareasandtheareasrichin
is/arecorrect?
geneticdiversity
wetlandsrecognisedasorlyingwithina
(a)1and2only UNESCOWorldHeritageSite
(b)2and3only highaltitudewetlandsorhighaltitude
(c)3only wetlandcomplexesatorabovean
(d)1,2and3 elevationoftwothousandfivehundred
metreswithanareaequaltoorgreater
thanfivehectares
wetlandsorwetlandcomplexesbelowan
elevationoftwothousandfivehundred
metreswithanareaequaltoorgreater
thanfivehundredhectares
anyotherwetlandassoidentifiedbythe
Authorityandthereafternotifiedbythe
CentralGovernmentundertheprovisions
oftheActforthepurposesoftheserules.
Statement2isnotcorrect:Itproposesforthe
creationoftheCentralWetlandRegulatory
Authority(CWRA),headedbytheSecretary,
MinistryofEnvironment,andconsistingof
bureaucratsandexperts.However,StateLevel
12 WetlandAuthoritywasnotproposedinthese
rules,theyarethepartoftheproposedDraft
Wetland(ConservationandManagement)
Rules,2016.
Statement3iscorrect:Thefollowingactivities
withinthewetlandsshallbeprohibited,namely:
reclamationofwetlands
settingupofnewindustriesand
expansionofexistingindustries
manufactureorhandlingorstorageor
disposalofhazardoussubstances
solidwastedumping:providedthatthe
existingpractices,ifany,existedbefore
thecommencementoftheserulesshall
bephasedoutwithinaperiodnot
exceedingsixmonthsfromthedateof
commencementoftheserules
dischargeofuntreatedwastesand
effluentsfromindustries,citiesortowns
andotherhumansettlements:provided
thatthepractices,ifany,existedbefore
thecommencementoftheserulesshall
bephasedoutwithinaperiodnot
exceedingoneyearfromthedateof
commencementoftheserules
anyconstructionofapermanentnature
exceptforboatjettieswithinfiftymetres
fromthemeanhighfloodlevelobserved
inthepasttenyearscalculatedfromthe
dateofcommencementoftheserules
anyotheractivitylikelytohavean
adverseimpactontheecosystemofthe
wetlandtobespecifiedinwritingbythe
Authorityconstitutedinaccordancewith
theserules.

TherecentlylaunchedSparshLeprosy b Not TheUnionGovernmentrecentlylaunched


AwarenessCampaignaimsto Medium Attempted nationwideSparshLeprosyAwareness
CurrentAffairs(CA) Campaign(SLAC)ontheoccasionofAnti
LeprosyDayobservedeveryyearonJanuary
(a)increaseprivatesectorparticipation 30inthememoryofMahatmatorememberhis
indevelopmentofvaccineforleprosy. DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
selflesseffortsandcareforthepeopleaffected
(b)promotecommunityparticipationin withLeprosy.
diagnosisandtreatmentofleprosyinits
earlystage. test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43520&et1=1&et2=9) ThethrustofSLACcampaignistopromote
(c)reducethecasesofleprosytozero communityparticipationindiagnosisand
by2022. treatmentofleprosyinitsearlystagesandto
(d)involveinternationalorganisationsin spreadawarenessaboutthediseasetohelpin
effortstoeliminateleprosy. earlydiagnosisandtreatment.Hence,option
(b)iscorrect.
13 Itseekstopromotedecentralisedcommunity
baseddemanddrivenapproachfrompresent
centralisedtopdowndeliverydrivenapproach
tofightthedisease.Italsoseekstoempower
localcommunitiestotakeovertheresponsibility
ofsensitisingpeopletonotstigmatiseand
discriminateagainstthoseaffected.Aspartof
thiscampaign,GramSabhaswillbeorganised
incoordinationwithalliedsectorofhealth
department/ministriesPanchayatiRaj
Institutions,RuralDevelopment,Urban
Development,WomenandChildDevelopment
andSocialJusticeandEmpowerment,among
others.

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Whichofthefollowingorganismsare d d Floweringplantsusearangeofanimals
commonpollinatingagentsinflowering Medium Correct aspollinatingagents.Bees,butterflies,
plants? Fundamental(F) 2Marks flies,beetles,wasps,ants,moths,birds
Time9
Sec
(sunbirdsandhummingbirds)andbats
1.Bat
arethecommonpollinatingagents,
2.Bees DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
particularlybeesarethedominantbiotic
3.Wasp
pollinatingagents.Evenlargeranimals
4.Ants suchassomeprimates(lemurs),arboreal
14 test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43614&et1=1&et2=9)
Selectthecorrectanswerusingthecode (treedwelling)rodents,orevenreptiles
givenbelow. (geckolizardandgardenlizard)havealso
beenreportedaspollinatorsinsome
species.
(a)1and2only
(b)2and3only
(c)1,3and4only
(d)1,2,3and4

Whichamongthefollowingis/are d b Allofthegivendiseasesaregeneticdiseases.
geneticdiseases? Medium Incorrect
0.66 1.Haemophilia:Inthisdisease,asingle
Applied(A)
1.Haemophilia Marks proteinthatisapartofthecascadeof
2.Down"ssyndrome Time2 proteinsinvolvedintheclottingofblood,
3.Sicklecellanaemia DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php? Sec isaffected.Duetothis,inanaffected
individual,asimplecutwillresultinnon
Selectthecorrectanswerusingthecode
stopbleeding.Theheterozygousfemale
givenbelow. test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43466&et1=1&et2=9) (carrier)forhaemophiliamaytransmitthe
diseasetosons.Thepossibilityofa
(a)1only femalebecomingahaemophilicis
(b)1and2only extremelyrarebecausemotherofsucha
(c)2and3only femalehastobeatleastcarrierandthe
(d)1,2and3 fathershouldbehaemophilic.
2.Sicklecellanaemia:Thisisanautosome
linkedrecessivetraitthatcanbe
transmittedfromparentstotheoffspring
whenboththepartnersarecarrierforthe
15 gene(orheterozygous).Itresultsinan
abnormalityintheoxygencarryingprotein
haemoglobin(hemoglobinS)foundinred
bloodcells.Thisleadstoarigid,sickle
likeshapeundercertaincircumstances.
3.Down'sSyndrome:Thecauseofthis
geneticdisorderisthepresenceofan
additionalcopyofthechromosome
number21(trisomyof21).Theaffected
individualisshortstaturedwithsmall
roundhead,furrowedtongueandpartially
openmouth.Palmisbroadwith
characteristicpalmcrease.
Otherexamplesofgeneticdisordersare:
KlinefeltersSyndrome,Turnerssyndrome,
Cysticfibrosis,Colourblindness,
Phenylketonuria,Thalesemia

Withrespectto"RashtriyaRail d Not Allstatementsarecorrect.


SanrakshaKosh",recentlycreatedby Medium Attempted IntheFirstcombinedBudgetof
theRailwayMinistry,considerthe CurrentAffairs(CA) IndependentIndia,TheFinanceMinister
followingstatements: announcedthecreationofanon
lapsable"RastriyaRailSanrakshaKosh"
1.ItwillassistIndianRailwaysto DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
(RRSK)totalingRs.1,19,183Crores,out
accomplishitszeroaccident ofwhichRs.1,11,683Crorestobefunded
mission. byMinistryofFinanceforsafety
2.Itisanonlapsablefund. test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43527&et1=1&et2=9)
improvementofIndianRailways.The
3.Itisbasedonthe safetyrelatedworksidentifiedarerelated
recommendationsofDr.Anil
totrackworks,bridgerehabilitation,safety
KakodkarCommittee. worksatlevelcrossing,replacementand
Whichofthestatementsgivenabove improvementofsignalingsystem,
16 is/arecorrect? improvementandupgradationofrolling
stock,replacementofelectricalassets
andhumanresourcedevelopment.The
(a)1only fundwillhelpIndianRailwaysto
(b)2and3only accomplishitszeroaccidentmissionby
(c)1and3only strengtheningthesafetymeasuresonthe
(d)1,2and3 railnetworkinacomprehensiveway.
Hence,statements1and2arecorrect.
'RashtriyaRailSanrakshaKosh'hasbeen
setupontherecommendationsofahigh
levelsafetyreviewcommitteeunder
formerchairmanAtomicEnergy
CommissionDr.AnilKakodkar.Hence,
statement3iscorrect.

Withreferencetowildlife,cullingof c c Cullingreferstohumaninterventionfor
animalsrefersto? Difficult Correct themanagementofwildlifepopulations
Fundamental(F) 2Marks throughcontrolledhunting.Cullingis
Time4
Sec
practicedinseveralcountrieswhen
(a)Itistheextinctionofananimal
overpopulationposessignificantthreatsto
speciesduetoextinctionofaco DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
theecosystemandchallengeslocal
17 dependentplantspecies. agricultureandlivestock.
(b)Itisthepracticeofsacrificinganimals
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43288&et1=1&et2=9)
intribalrituals.
(c)Itiscontrolledhuntingofanimalsto
preventmananimalconflict.
(d)Itisinsituconservationofthreatened
speciesofanimals.

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Withreferencetorespiration,consider b b Statement1isnotcorrect:Thefood
thefollowingstatements: Medium Correct materialtakeninduringtheprocessof
Fundamental(F) 2Marks nutritionisusedincellstoprovideenergy
1.Oxygenisrequiredbyallthe Time2
Sec
forvariouslifeprocesses.Diverse
organismstobreakdownglucose. organismsdothisindifferentwayssome
2.Rateofbreathingisfasterin DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
useoxygentobreakdownglucose
aquaticanimalsthantheterrestrial completelyintocarbondioxideandwater,
animals.
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43572&et1=1&et2=9) someuseotherpathwaysthatdonot
Whichofthestatementsgivenabove involveoxygen.Inallcases,thefirststep
is/arecorrect? isthebreakdownofglucose,asixcarbon
molecule,intoathreecarbonmolecule
calledpyruvate.Thisprocesstakesplace
(a)1only inthecytoplasm.Further,thepyruvate
(b)2only maybeconvertedintoethanolandcarbon
(c)Both1and2 dioxide.Thisprocesstakesplaceinyeast
(d)Neither1nor2 duringfermentation.Sincethisprocess
18 takesplaceintheabsenceofair
(oxygen),itiscalledanaerobic
respiration.
Statement2iscorrect:Animalshave
evolveddifferentorgansfortheuptakeof
oxygenfromtheenvironmentandfor
gettingridofthecarbondioxideproduced.
Terrestrialanimalscanbreathethe
oxygenintheatmosphere,butanimals
thatliveinwaterneedtousetheoxygen
dissolvedinwater.Sincetheamountof
dissolvedoxygenisfairlylowcomparedto
theamountofoxygenintheair,therateof
breathinginaquaticorganismsismuch
fasterthanthatseeninterrestrial
organisms.

Whichofthefollowingis/arethe c c Amphibianshavethefollowingcharacteristics:
characteristicsofAmphibians? Difficult Correct Theyhaveabackbone.Theyare
Conceptual 2Marks vertebrates.
1.Warmblooded Time3
Theyarecoldblooded.Theycannot
2.Vertebrates Sec
regulatetheirownbodytemperature.
3.Permeableskin DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
Theyspendatleastpartoftheirlivesin
Selectthecorrectanswerusingthecode waterandonland.
19 givenbelow. test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43542&et1=1&et2=9) Thetdonothavescalesandtheirskinis
permeable(moleculesandgasescan
passthrough).
(a)3only Thethavegillsforatleastpartoftheir
(b)1and2only lives.Somespecieshavegillsonlyas
(c)2and3only larvae,whileotherscanhavegills
(d)1,2and3 throughouttheirlives.

Considerthefollowingstatements b a BiosphereReserves(BRs)are
regardingBiosphereReserves: Difficult Incorrect representativepartsofnaturalandcultural
Fundamental(F) 0.66 landscapesextendingoverlargeareaof
1.Thecoreareashouldbelarge Marks
terrestrialorcoastal/marineecosystems
enoughtosustainviable Time6
Sec oracombinationthereofand
populationofalltrophiclevels. DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
representativeexamplesofbio
2.Thereisnocomprehensivestatute
geographiczones/provinces.
coveringbiospherereservesin Thecoreareaofbiospherereserve
India. test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43326&et1=1&et2=9)
shouldbetypicalofabiogeographical
3.AllbiospherereservesofIndiaare
unitandlargeenoughtosustainviable
undertheMABprogrammeof populationsrepresentingalltrophic
UNESCO.
levelsintheecosystem.
Whichofthestatementsgivenabove TheUNESCOhasintroducedthe
is/arecorrect? designation'BiosphereReserve'for
naturalareastominimizeconflictbetween
20 developmentandconservation.BRsare
(a)1only nominatedbynationalgovernmentwhich
(b)1and2only meetaminimalsetofcriteriaandadhere
(c)2and3only tominimalsetofconditionsforinclusionin
(d)1,2and3 theworldnetworkofBiospherereserves
undertheManandBiosphereReserve
ProgrammeofUNESCO.Thusonlyonly
10ofthe18biospherereservesare
coveredunderMAB.
Atpresent,thereisnocomprehensive
legislationdealingwithallaspectof
biosphere.Onlyfewaspectshavelegal
backinge.g.thecoreareaslikeNational
parkorwildlifesanctuariesofreserveare
governedunderWildlifeprotectionact.

WithreferencetotheRecombinantDNA c b Statement1iscorrect:Recombinant
technology,considerthefollowing Difficult Incorrect DNAtechnology,joiningtogetherofDNA
statements: Applied(A) 0.66 moleculesfromtwodifferentspeciesthat
Marks
Time2
areinsertedintoahostorganismto
1.ItinvolvesjoiningtogetherofDNA producenewgeneticcombinationsthat
moleculesfromdifferentspecies, DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php? Sec
areofvaluetoscience,medicine,
whicharetheninsertedintoahost agriculture,andindustry.
organismtoproducenewgenetic
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43484&et1=1&et2=9) Statement2iscorrect:Recombinant
combinations. DNAtechnologyhasapplicationsinhealth
2.Itcanbeusedtoincreaseyield
21 andnutrition.Inmedicine,itisusedto
andimprovenutritionalcontentof createpharmaceuticalproductssuchas
plants. humaninsulin.Inagriculture,itisusedto
Whichofthestatementsgivenabove impartfavorablecharacteristicstoplantto
is/arecorrect? increasetheiryieldandimprovenutritional
content.
(a)1only
(b)2only
(c)Both1and2
(d)Neither1nor2

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WithreferencetotheCHARGE c c Statement1iscorrect:CHARGE
syndromerecentlyinnews,considerthe Difficult Correct syndromeisararebirthdefectthataffects
followingstatements: Fundamental(F) 2Marks approximately1in20,000peoplearound
Time2
Sec
theworld.CHARGEsyndromecauses
1.Itcausesmultiplelifethreatening
multiplelifethreateningproblemsina
problemsincludingheartdefects DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
newborn,suchasfacialboneandnerve
andgrowthretardation.
defectsthatcausebreathingand
2.Itisaresultofdefectiveembryonic swallowingdifficulties,deafnessand
development. test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43320&et1=1&et2=9)
blindness,heartdefects,genitalproblems
Whichofthestatementsgivenabove andgrowthretardation.Thechildrenmay
22 is/arecorrect? surviveandgoontolivewiththese
deficienciesiftheheartandbonedefects
arecorrectedwithmultiplesurgeries,but
(a)1only thosewithoutaccesstosuchsupport
(b)2only usuallydonotsurvivepasttheirfirstyear.
(c)Both1and2 Statement2iscorrect:CHARGE
(d)Neither1nor2 syndromeisaresultofdefective
embryonicdevelopment.Twothirdsofthe
patientswithCHARGEsyndromehavea
sporadicmutationinthegenecalled
CHD7.

RecentlyISROsuccessfullytestedits c c ISROhassuccessfullytestedits
indigenouslydevelopedcryogenic Medium Correct indigenouslydevelopedcryogenicengine
engine,C25.Whichamongthefollowing Fundamental(F) 2Marks inamajorstepforwardforitslandmark
Time2
havebeenusedaspropellantsinthis Sec
'GSLVMkIII'rocket.ACryogenicrocket
cryogenicengine? stageismoreefficientandprovidesmore
DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
thrustforeverykilogramofpropellantit
1.LiquidNitrogen
burnscomparedtosolidandearth
2.LiquidHydrogen storableliquidpropellantrocketstages.
3.LiquidOxygen test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43315&et1=1&et2=9)
23 Specificimpulse(ameasureofthe
Selectthecorrectanswerusingthecode efficiency)achievablewithcryogenic
givenbelow. propellants(liquidHydrogenandliquid
Oxygen)ismuchhighercomparedto
earthstorableliquidandsolidpropellants,
(a)1only givingitasubstantialpayloadadvantage.
(b)1and2only
(c)2and3only
(d)1,2and3

Considerthefollowingstatementsabout b b GeneticEngineeringAppraisalCommittee
GeneticEngineeringAppraisal Medium Correct (GEAC)establishedunderMinistryof
Committee: Fundamental(F) 2Marks Environment,ForestsandClimate
Time6
Sec
Change(MoEFCC)istheapexbodyto
1.Itisastatutorybodyunderthe accordnotifiedunderRules1989.Itwas
MinistryofScience&Technology. DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
establishedundertheEnvironment
2.Itapprovesactivitiesinvolving
ProtectionAct,1986.Hencestatement1
largescaleuseofhazardous isincorrect.
microorganismsinresearchand test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43664&et1=1&et2=9)
Itisresponsibleforapprovalofactivities
industrialproduction. involvinglargescaleuseofhazardous
24 3.Itisresponsibleforapprovalof
microorganismsandrecombinantsin
proposalsrelatingtothereleaseof researchandindustrialproductionfrom
geneticallyengineeredorganisms. theenvironmentalangle.Hence
Whichofthestatementsgivenabove statement2iscorrect.
is/arecorrect? TheGEACisalsoresponsiblefor
approvalofproposalsrelatingtorelease
ofgeneticallyengineeredorganismsand
(a)1only productsintotheenvironmentincluding
(b)2and3only experimentalfieldtrials.Hencestatement
(c)1and3only 3iscorrect.
(d)1,2and3

Whichamongthefollowingbest d d A'bankrun'occurswhenalargenumber
describes"BankRun"? Medium Correct ofcustomersofabankoranother
Fundamental(F) 2Marks financialinstitutionwithdrawtheir
Time2
Sec
depositssimultaneouslyduetoconcerns
(a)Itisasituationwhenthereis aboutthebank'ssolvency.
excessiveliquidityinthebanks. DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
Asmorepeoplewithdrawtheirfunds,the
(b)ItisaconditionwhenNonperforming
25 probabilityofdefaultincreases,thereby
assets(NPAs)ofbanksincreasedabove promptingmorepeopletowithdrawtheir
thethresholdlimit. test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43464&et1=1&et2=9)
deposits.
(c)Itreferstoprovidingbankingservices Inextremecases,thebank'sreserves
ondoorstepthroughmobilevan.
maynotbesufficienttocoverthe
(d)Itisasituationwhenalargenumber withdrawals.
ofcustomersofabankwithdrawtheir
depositssimultaneously.

Whichofthefollowingstatementsis/are c Not TheTRAFFICProgramme:


correctwithregardtoTRAFFIC Difficult Attempted
TRAFFIC,thewildlifetrademonitoring
network? Fundamental(F)
network,istheleadingnongovernmental
1.Itisanongovernmental organizationworkinggloballyontradein
organizationworkinginmonitoring DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php? wildanimalsandplantsinthecontextof
globalwildlifetrade. bothbiodiversityconservationand
2.ItwasjointlyestablishedbyIUCN sustainabledevelopment.Hence
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43287&et1=1&et2=9)
26 andWWF. statement1iscorrect.
TRAFFICwasestablishedin1976by
Selectthecorrectanswerusingthecode
IUCNandWWFtorespondtothegrowing
givenbelow. threatsposedbyillegalwildlifetradeand
overexploitation.Hencestatement2is
(a)1only correct.
(b)2only Indiabecameamemberofthe
(c)Both1and2 programmein1991.
(d)Neither1and2

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Kafala,recentlyinnews,refersto: c c Thekafalasystemisasystemusedtomonitor
Medium Correct migrantlaborers,workingprimarilyinthe
Applied(A) 2Marks constructionanddomesticsectors,inLebanon,
(a)aconvoyoftravellersinArabiaor Time9
Bahrain,Iraq,Jordan,Kuwait,Oman,Qatar,
Persia. Sec
SaudiArabia,andtheUAE.Qatarformally
(b)anillegalmethodoftransferring DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
announcedtheendofitscontroversial"kafala"
moneywithoutanyactualmovement. systeminDecember2016.
(c)asystemformonitoringmigrant
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43295&et1=1&et2=9)
labourprevalentinGulfandPersian Thesystemrequiresallunskilledlaborers
countries. tohaveanincountrysponsor,usually
27 (d)Astyleofislamicdevotionalmusic theiremployer,whoisresponsiblefortheir
associatedparticularlywithSufism. visaandlegalstatus.
Thesystemwascomparedtomodernday
slaveryandleftvulnerableworkerswith
littleprotectionandopentoabuse.
Under"kafala",allforeignworkers
workinginQatarrequirealocalsponsor,
intheformofanindividualorcompany,
andneedtheirpermissiontoswitchjobs
orleavethecountry.

TheTransHimalaya,covering5.7%of b b 3and4arenotpartofTransHimalaya.
thelandmass,isoneofthebio Medium Correct
2Marks Thereare10BiogeographicZonesinIndiaand
geographiczonesofIndia.Whichofthe Fundamental(F)
followingprovincescomeunderthis Time2 26BiogeographicProvinces.
Sec
zone?
DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
1.LadakhMountains
2.TibetanPlateau
3.EasternHimalaya test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43281&et1=1&et2=9)
4.CentralHimalaya
Selectthecorrectanswerusingthecode
givenbelow.

(a)1,2and3only
(b)1and2only
(c)1,2,3and4
28 (d)3and4only

Whichofthefollowingisanationalpark, c c KeoladeoNationalParkinBharatpuris
aUNESCOworldheritagesiteanda Difficult Correct alsoaUnescoworldheritagesiteanda
RamsarsiteinIndia? Applied(A) 2Marks Ramsarsite.Thesanctuaryisoneofthe
Time2
Sec
richestbirdareasintheworldandis
knownfornestingofresidentbirdsand
(a)ChilikaLakenationalpark DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
visitingmigratorybirdsincludingwater
birds.TherareSiberiancranesusedto
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43337&et1=1&et2=9) winterinthispark.AlongwiththeLoktak
(b)Manasnationalpark LakeofManipur,KeoladeoNationalPark
29 isplacedontheMontreuxRecordunder
theRamsarConvention.
Sundarbansthoughisnationalparkand
(c)Keoladeonationalpark worldheritagesite,itisnotaRamsarsite
yet.OnlyBangladeshpartofSundarbans
isRamsarsite.
(d)Sundarbansnationalpark ManasisnotaRamsarsiteandChilika
lakeisnotaworldheritagesite.

Therightsofenvironmentalrefugees b b TheUNRefugeeConvention(1951)
havebeenrecognisedunderwhichof Medium Correct Itgrantscertainrightstopeoplefleeing
thefollowing? Fundamental(F) 2Marks persecutionbecauseofrace,religion,
Time2
Sec
nationality,affiliationtoaparticularsocial
1.UNRefugeeconvention,1951 group,orpoliticalopinion.
2.TheParisAgreement DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
Therightstheyareentitledtofollowthe
3.Agenda21 principlesofnondiscrimination,non
Selectthecorrectanswerusingthecode test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43594&et1=1&et2=9) penalisation,andnonrefoulement.
givenbelow. However,peoplemigratingdueto
environmentaldisastershavenosuch
recognitionoftheirrefugeestatusin
(a)1and2only internationallaw,leavingthemwithoutany
(b)2only basicrightsofrehabilitationand
(c)1and3only compensation.Hence,1isnotcorrect.
30 (d)1,2and3
TheParisAgreement:Parisagreementhas
mentionedtherightsofmigrantsinits
Preamble.Theagreement,inParagraph50of
theLossandDamagesection,createsatask
forcetobuilduponexistingworkanddevelop
recommendationsforaddressingclimate
migration.Hence,2iscorrect.
Agenda21isanonbinding,voluntarily
implementedactionplanoftheUnitedNations
withregardtosustainabledevelopment.Itdoes
notcoversrightsofenvironmental
refugees.Hence,3isnotcorrect.

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Theprocessoftranspirationhelpsplants d a Transpirationistheprocessbywhichmoisture
inwhichofthefollowingfunctions? Medium Incorrect iscarriedthroughplantsfromrootstosmall
Fundamental(F) 0.66 poresontheundersideofleaves(statement1
1.Topullwatertoheightsintalltrees. Marks
iscorrect),whereitchangestovapourandis
2.Maintainingwaterpressurewithin Time2
Sec releasedtotheatmosphere.
thecells. DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
3.Regulationoftemperature. Itisspecificallyimportantforplantsbecause:
Selectthecorrectanswerusingthecode test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43267&et1=1&et2=9) Transmissiondrivesthecirculatory
givenbelow. systemoftheplant.Watervapour
escapingtheleafsurfacescreatesa
tensionthatdrawsmorewatertoreplace
(a)1and2only ithencehelpingwatertoreachhigh
31
heightsintalltrees.
(b)1and3only Itkeepstheplantcoldduringsummers
duetoevaporationofthewaterfromplant
leaves(statement3iscorrect).
(c)2and3only Transpirationiscrucialformaintaining
waterpressurewithincells,keepingthem
(d)1,2and3 rigidsothattheycansupporttheplant.
Thewaterpressureinsidethecells
iscalledturgorpressure,anditis
maintainedbyaprocesscalledosmosis.
(statement2iscorrect.

Whichofthefollowingis/arethe c Not Since1April1999CEAhasentrusted


mandatesofCentralElectricity Difficult Attempted CERCwiththetaskofregulatingpower
Authority? Applied(A) tariffsofcentralgovernmentpower
utilities,interstategeneratingcompanies,
1.Regulationofthepowertariffof
interstatetransmissiontariffs.Hence
CentralGovernmentcontrolledor DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
statement1isnotcorrect.
ownedcompanies. Section3(4)ofElectricityAct,2003
2.PreparationofNationalElectricity stipulatesthat,theCentralElectricity
Plan. test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43302&et1=1&et2=9)
Authority(CEA)shallprepareaNational
3.Regulationoftheconstructionof
ElectricityPlaninaccordancewiththe
thermalpowerplantsinIndia. NationalElectricityPolicyandnotifysuch
Selectthecorrectanswerusingthecode planonceinfiveyears.Hencestatement
givenbelow. 2iscorrect.

32 InIndianPowerSector,CEAtakescarebroadly
(a)1only of:
(b)1and2only PlanningRegulationwherepower
(c)2and3only demandandsupplygaphastobe
(d)1,2and3 regulated.
Constructionregulationwhere
constructionofthermal,hydro,gasbased
powerplantsandpowersystemsare
regulatedintherightmanner.Hence
statement3iscorrect.
WhereasCentralElectricityRegulatory
Commission(CERC)takecareofthird
aspectofpowersectorregulationTariff
regulation,apurelyeconomicexercise.

Whichofthefollowingstatementsis/are a Not TheUchhatarAvishkarYojanawas


correctwithrespecttoUchchtar Medium Attempted launchedbytheMinistryofHuman
AvishkarYojna(UAY)? CurrentAffairs(CA) ResourceDevelopment(hence
statement2isincorrect)withaviewto
1.Itaimstopromoteinnovationin promotinginnovationofahigherorder
highereducationinstitutesin DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
thatdirectlyimpactstheneedsofthe
Indiathataredirectlyofrelevance Industry/industriesandtherebyimproves
toindustry. thecompetitiveedgeofIndian
2.ItwaslaunchedbyMinistryof test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43526&et1=1&et2=9)
33 manufacturing.
ScienceandTechnology. TheobjectivesofUAYschemeareto
Selectthecorrectanswerusingthecode promoteinnovationinIITsaddressing
givenbelow. issuesofmanufacturingindustriestospur
innovativemindsettocoordinateaction
betweenacademia&industryandto
(a)1only strengthenlabs&research
(b)2only facilities.Hence,Statement1iscorrect.
(c)Both1and2
(d)Neither1nor2

Withreferencetobiodiversity b Not ForestPLUSisabilateralprogram


conservation,ForestPLUSis: Difficult Attempted betweenIndiaandtheU.S.todevelop
Fundamental(F) solutionsforsustainableforestlandusein
India.Theprogram,inpartnershipwith
(a)abilateralprogrambetweenIndia
theMinistryofEnvironment,Forestand
andNepaltoenhanceconservation DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
ClimateChange(MoEFCC),prepares
effortsfortheforestsintheHimalayas. IndiatoimplementsuccessfullyReducing
34 (b)abilateralprogrambetweenIndia
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43676&et1=1&et2=9) EmissionsfromDeforestationandForest
andtheU.S.todevelopsolutionsfor
Degradation(REDD+),aninternational
sustainableforestlanduseinIndia. mechanismforclimatechangemitigation,
(c)aprogramofUNFCCCtoreduce livelihoodsimprovement,andbiodiversity
emissionsfromdeforestationandforest protection.
degradation.
(d)noneoftheabove.

Whichofthefollowingfactorsaidthe d d Pollinationisatypeofsexual
processofpollination? Medium Correct reproductioninwhichpollenare
Fundamental(F) 2Marks transferredfromtheanthertothestigma
1.Pollengrainshavingtough Time13
ofaflower.Ifthepollenlandsonthe
protectivecoat. Sec
stigmaofthesameflower,itiscalledself
2.Pollengrainsbeinglightweighted. DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
pollination.Whenthepollenofaflower
3.Flowers'attractivenesstoinsects. landsonthestigmaofanotherflowerof
Selectthecorrectanswerusingthecode test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43265&et1=1&et2=9) thesameplant,orthatofadifferentplant
givenbelow. ofthesamekind,itiscalledcross
pollination.
35 Statement1iscorrect:Generallypollen
(a)1and2only grainshaveatoughprotectivecoatwhich
preventsthemfromdryingup.
(b)1and3only Statement2iscorrect:theyarelight
weighted,sothattheycanbecarriedby
windorwater.
(c)2and3only Statement3iscorrect:Insectsvisit
flowersandcarryawaypollenontheir
(d)1,2and3 bodies,hereattractivenessoftheflower
i.e.appearance,odouretc.matters.

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Afalsefruitorpseudocarpisderived c b Afalsefruitorpseudocarpisderived
fromthefloralpartsotherthanovary. Medium Incorrect fromthefloralpartsotherthanovary,e.g.,
Whichofthefollowingarefalsefruits? Fundamental(F) 0.66 peduncleincashewnut,thalamusin
Marks
Time2
apple,pear,strawberry,gourdand
1.Apple
Sec cucumberandfusedperianthinmulberry.
2.Strawberry DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
Jackfruitandpineapplearealsofalse
3.Mango fruitsastheydevelopfromtheentire
4.Grapes inflorescence.Falsefruitsarealsocalled
5.Pineapple test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43613&et1=1&et2=9)
36 spuriousoraccessoryfruits.
Selectthecorrectanswerusingthecode Atruefruitoreucarpisamatureor
givenbelow. ripenedovary,developedafter
fertilization,e.g.,Mango,Grapeetc.
(a)1and3only
(b)2and4only
(c)1,2and5only
(d)1,2,3,4and5

Considerthefollowingpairs: b b Awiderangeoforganismsbelongingto
Difficult Correct bacteria,viruses,fungi,protozoans,
Applied(A) 2Marks helminthsetc.couldcausediseasesin
Disease Pathogen Time2
Sec
man.Suchdiseasecausingorganisms
arecalledpathogens.
DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
Pair1iscorrectlymatched:
1. : Bacteria Tuberculosis(TB)isaninfectiousdisease
Tuberculosis causedbythebacteriumMycobacterium
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43502&et1=1&et2=9)
tuberculosis(MTB).Tuberculosis
generallyaffectsthelungs,butcanalso
2.Malaria : Protozoa affectotherpartsofthebody.Most
infectionsdonothavesymptomsinwhich
caseitisknownaslatenttuberculosis.
3.Diphtheria : Virus ThesymptomsofactiveTBareachronic
coughwithbloodcontainingsputum,
37 fever,nightsweats,andweightloss.
Whichofthepairsgivenaboveis/are
Pair2iscorrectlymatched:
correctlymatched?
Plasmodium,atinyprotozoanis
responsibleformalaria.Differentspecies
(a)1only ofPlasmodium(P.vivax,P.malariaandP.
(b)1and2only falciparum)areresponsiblefordifferent
(c)2and3only typesofmalaria.Ofthese,malignant
(d)1,2and3 malariacausedbyPlasmodium
falciparumisthemostseriousoneand
canevenbefatal.
Pair3isnotmatched
correctly:Diphtheriaisaninfectious
diseasecausedbybacterial
microorganismsknownas
Corynebacteriumdiphtheriae.

Considerthefollowingpairs: d d Vitamin Deficiency


Difficult Correct
Fundamental(F) 2Marks VitaminA(beta nightblindnessandeyedisease,
Vitamin Deficiency Time3 caroteneor dryandscalyskin,increased
retinol) infections,andkidneystones
leadsto Sec
DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php? VitaminB1 DiseaseisberiberiSymptomsof
(thiamin) adeficiencyincludedepression,
irritability,attentiondeficitSevere
1. : Dryand deficiencyleadsto
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43306&et1=1&et2=9) edema,paralysis,andheart
Vitamin scalyskin failure
A VitaminB2 Symptomsaredry,scalyskinon
(riboflavin) face,oralswelling,andcracking
atthecornersofthemouth

2. : Attention VitaminB6 Notcommonsymptomsinclude


(pyridoxine) mouthsores,nausea,
Vitamin deficit nervousness,anaemia,
B1 convulsions
38
VitaminB12 Perniciousanaemia,muscleand
(cobalamin) nerveparalysis

3. : Painin VitaminC Scurvyisthedeficiencydisease


(ascorbicacid) paininthemusclesandjoints
Vitamin jointsand
VitaminD Diseaseisrickets,symptoms
C muscles (calciferols) includesoftbonesandteeth

VitaminE Nodiseasemayproducevague
Whichofthepairsgivenaboveare (tocopherols) symptomsandanaemia
correctlymatched? VitaminK Deficiencyisrare
(phylloquinone)

(a)1and2only
(b)2and3only
(c)1and3only
(d)1,2and3

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"Biologicalinvasionbyalienspeciesis d c Aninvasivespeciesisanonnativespeciesthat
recognizedasoneofthemajorthreats Difficult Incorrect doesnotnaturallyoccurinaspecificareaand
tonativespeciesandecosystems". Fundamental(F) 0.66 whoseintroductiondoesorislikelytocause
Marks
Whichofthefollowingaretheinvasive Time8
economicorenvironmentalharmorharmto
speciesinIndia? Sec humanhealth.Invasivespeciesincludealltaxa
DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
oforganisms,rangingfrommicroscopicinsects
1.Sleepinggrass tolargemammals,andcaninvadeany
2.GiantAfricansnail ecosystem.
3.GoldFish test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43283&et1=1&et2=9)
4.Pigeon SomeInvasivefaunainIndiaare:
Selectthecorrectanswerusingthecode Anewinvasivegallforminginsectof
givenbelow. EucalyptusinSouthernIndia.
Leptocybeinvasaanewinsectpest
detectedfromfewpocketsofcoastal
(a)1,3and4only TamilNaduandithasspreadto
(b)3and4only
peninsularIndia.
(c)1and2only Itisatinywaspthatformsleafandstem
(d)1,2,3and4 gallsinEucalyptus.
Crazyant
39 GiantAfricansnail
Myna
GoldFish
Pigeon
Donkey
HouseGecko
Tilapia
SomeInvasiveAlienFloraofIndia
NeedleBush
BlackWattle
Goatweed
Alternantheraparonychioides
PricklyPoppy
Blumeaeriantha
Palmyra,ToddyPalm
Calotropis/Madar,SwalloWort
Datura,MadPlant,ThornApple
WaterHyacinth
TouchMeNot/SleepingGrass

Whichofthefollowingspeciesare b b Asperthelatest(2011)quantitative
criticallyendangered? Difficult Correct evaluationdonebytheInternationalUnion
Factual 2Marks forConservationofNature(IUCN)there
1.NamdaphaFlyingSquirrel Time2
are57criticallyendangeredspeciesof
2.MalabarCivet Sec
animalsinIndia.TheNamdaphaFlying
3.SiberianCrane DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
Squirrel,MalabarCivet,SiberianCrane,
4.Gharial Gharialarecriticallyendangered.
5.WildAss WildAssisNearThreatenedanimalnot
40 test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43530&et1=1&et2=9)
Selectthecorrectanswerusingthecode criticallyendangered.
givenbelow.

(a)1and4only
(b)1,2,3and4only
(c)2,3and5only
(d)1,3,4and5only

Osmosisinplantsishelpfulforwhichof c c Osmosisisthediffusionoffluidthrougha
thefollowingprocesses? Medium Correct semipermeablemembranefroma
Fundamental(F) 2Marks solutionwithalowsoluteconcentrationto
1.Photosynthesis Time3
asolutionwithahighersolute
2.Absorptionofwaterfromsoil Sec
concentrationuntilthereisanequalsolute
DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
Selectthecorrectanswerusingthecode concentrationonbothsidesofthe
givenbelow. membrane.
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43270&et1=1&et2=9) Statement1iscorrect:Stomataare
responsibleforplantgasexchangewhich
(a)1only enablestheprocessofphotosynthesis.
(b)2only Oneveryplantleaftherearemanyguard
(c)Both1and2 cellsthatliterally"guard"thestomata.
(d)Neither1nor2 Duringosmosis,theguardcellsswellwith
waterandthepressuretriggersthe
41 stomatatoopen.Whenthestomataopen
theysuckincarbondioxidefromtheair
whichisthenusedincombinationwiththe
waterfromtherootsandthesunlight
absorbedinchlorophylltoproduceplant
energy.
Statement2iscorrect:Rootsreachout
intothesoiltoestablishanavenueforthe
transportofnutrientsandwatertotherest
oftheplant.Therootsabsorbwater
throughosmosis.Ifthewater
concentrationoutsideoftheplantrootsis
greaterthanthatofthewater
concentrationintherootsosmosisoccurs.

Considerthefollowingstatements b b Statement1isincorrect.
regardingantioxidants: Medium Correct Antioxidantsarechemicalsthatinteract
Fundamental(F) 2Marks withandneutralizefreeradicals,thus
1.Theyactivatecertaingenesinthe Time2
preventingthemfromcausingdamage.
cellsofthebodyandhelpdelay Sec
Antioxidantsarealsoknownas"free
theageingprocess DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
radicalscavengers".
2.Freshfruitsandvegetablesare
Thebodymakessomeoftheantioxidants
goodsourceofantioxidants. itusestoneutralizefreeradicals.These
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43273&et1=1&et2=9)
Whichofthestatementsgivenabove antioxidantsare
is/arecorrect? calledendogenousantioxidants.However,
thebodyreliesonexternal(exogenous)
42
sources,primarilythediet,toobtainthe
(a)1only restoftheantioxidantsitneeds.
Theseexogenousantioxidantsare
(b)2only commonlycalleddietaryantioxidants.
Fruits,vegetables,andgrainsarerich
sourcesofdietaryantioxidants.
(c)Both1and2 Statement2iscorrect.

(d)Neither1nor2

http://www.visionias.in/student/pt/test_result.php?test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3 11/27
6/1/2017 VisionIASPrelims

WithreferencetoPhotodynamic c c Statement1iscorrect:Photodynamic
Therapy,considerthefollowing Medium Correct therapyusesaphotosensitivedrugthat
statements: Fundamental(F) 2Marks becomesactiveundertheactionoflight
Time2
Sec
andconvertsmolecularoxygeninto
1.Itusesaphotosensitivedrugthat reactiveoxygenspeciesthatkillcancer
becomesactiveundertheactionof DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
cells.
light.
Statement2iscorrect:Itusesspecial
2.Itisusedintreatmentofcancer. drugs,calledphotosensitizingagents,
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43319&et1=1&et2=9)
Whichofthestatementsgivenabove alongwithlighttokillcancer
is/arecorrect? cells.Dependingonthepartofthebody
43 beingtreated,thephotosensitizingagent
iseitherputintothebloodstreamthrough
(a)1only aveinorputontheskin.Overacertain
(b)2only amountoftimethedrugisabsorbedby
(c)Both1and2 thecancercells.Thenlightisappliedto
(d)Neither1nor2 theareatobetreated.Thelightcauses
thedrugtoreactwithoxygen,whichforms
achemicalthatkillsthecells.PDTmight
alsohelpbydestroyingthebloodvessels
thatfeedthecancercellsandbyalerting
theimmunesystemtoattackthecancer.

Whichofthefollowingareasexual b b Inasexualreproductionnewplantsare
modesofreproductioninplants? Medium Correct obtainedwithoutproductionofseedsorspores.
Fundamental(F) 2Marks Someoftheasexualreproductionmethodsare:
1.Pollination Time7
2.Budding Sec VegetativePropagation
3.Fragmentation DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php? Budding
4.Fertilisation Fragmentation
SporeFormation
Selectthecorrectanswerusingthecode test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43307&et1=1&et2=9)
givenbelow. Whileinsexualreproduction,newplantsare
obtainedfromseeds.Someoftheseare:
44
(a)1,2and4only Pollination
Fertilisation
(b)2and3only

(c)3and4only

(d)1,2,3and4

Withreferencetoplantbiology,theterm a Not Diebackreferstotheprogressivedyingof


"DieBack"refersto? Difficult Attempted aplant,usuallyfromthetipofanyportion
Conceptual oftheplant.Itisaconditioninwhicha
treeorshrubbeginstodiefromthetipof
(a)theprogressivedying,usually itsleavesorrootsbackward,owingto
backwardsfromthetipofanyportionof DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
diseaseoranunfavourableenvironment.
plant.
45 (b)sheddingofleavesfromaplant
duringautumn. test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43535&et1=1&et2=9)
(c)thephenomenonofgradualdeathof
ahealthyplantsduetoexcessive
grazingbyanimals.
(d)thekillingofbeneficial
microorganismslivingintherootsofa
tree.

Thexyleminplantsisresponsiblefor b b Thexylemtransportswaterandsoluble
transportationof: Medium Correct mineralnutrientsfromtheroots
Fundamental(F) 2Marks throughouttheplant.Itisalsousedto
1.water Time5
replacewaterlostduringtranspirationand
2.minerals Sec
photosynthesis.Phloemtransports
3.carbondioxide DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
productsofphotosynthesisfromthe
46 Selectthecorrectanswerusingthecode leavestotheotherpartsoftheplant.
givenbelow. test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43574&et1=1&et2=9)

(a)1only
(b)1and2only
(c)2and3only
(d)1,2and3

Insectivorousplantshavespecial a a Insectivorousplantsareaspecialized
mechanismsthattrapinsectswhich Medium Correct groupofplantsthatgrowinwet,acidic
serveastheirnutrition.Withrespectto Fundamental(F) 2Marks soils.Statement1iscorrect.
Time2
this,whichofthefollowingconditions Sec
Oneofthemostcriticalplantnutrientsis
is/arefavourableforthismodification? nitrogenwhichisusuallytakenupby
DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
plantsasnitrates.Nitrogenisanutrient
1.Acidicsoils thatiseasilyleachedoutofsoils.Hence
2.Nitrogenrichsoils statement2isincorrect.
3.Leachedsoils. test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43285&et1=1&et2=9)
47 Forthisreasontheplantsthatlivein
Selectthecorrectanswerusingthecode thesesoilshaveevolvedinto
givenbelow. carnivorousplantsthatcaptureand
digestinsectsasameansofobtaining
nitrates.Theseplantsareusually
(a)1and3only associatedwithleached,nutrientpoor
(b)2only soils,orwetandacidicareasthatare
(c)2and3only illdrained.Hencestatement3is
(d)1,2and3 correct.

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6/1/2017 VisionIASPrelims

Considerthefollowingstatementswith c Not Boththestatementsarecorrect.


referencetoGiantMetrewaveRadio Difficult Attempted GiantMetrewaveRadioTelescope
Telescope(GMRT): CurrentAffairs(CA) (GMRT)isanindigenousprojectsetupby
PunebasedNationalCentreforRadio
1.Itisanindigenousprojectsetup Astrophysics(NCRA).Ithasbeen
byNationalCentreforRadio DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
designedforinvestigatingavarietyof
AstrophysicsatPune. radioastrophysicalproblems,ranging
2.Itisdesignedtofacilitateradio
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43519&et1=1&et2=9) fromnearbySolarsystemtotheedgeof
astronomicalresearchand observableUniverse.Astronomersfrom
observationofgalaxiesandsolar allovertheworldusethistelescope
winds. regularlytoobservemanydifferent
48 Whichofthestatementsgivenabove astronomicalobjectssuchasgalaxies,
is/arecorrect? pulsars,supernovae,HIIregionsand
Sunandsolarwinds.
RecentlyAstronomershavediscovered
(a)1only twoofthemostpowerfulphenomenain
(b)2only theuniverse,asupermassiveblackhole
(c)Both1and2 andthecollisionofgiantgalaxyclusters
(d)Neither1nor2 about2billionlightyearsfromEarth.It
wasdiscoveredcombiningdatafrom
IndiasGiantMetrewaveRadioTelescope
(GMRT),NASAsChandraXray
Observatoryandothertelescopes.

TheGovernmentofIndiahasbeen c c Biofortificationistheprocessbywhichthe
promotingbiofortifiedcrops.Whichof Medium Correct nutritionalqualityoffoodcropsis
thefollowingisthebenefitof CurrentAffairs(CA) 2Marks improvedthroughagronomicpractices,
Time5
biofortication? Sec
conventionalplantbreeding,ormodern
biotechnology.Biofortificationdiffersfrom
DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
conventionalfortificationinthat
(a)Itmakescropsdroughtresistant. biofortificationaimstoincreasenutrient
49 (b)Itmakescropspestresistant. levelsincropsduringplantgrowthrather
(c)Itincreasesnutritionalqualityof test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43309&et1=1&et2=9)
thanthroughmanualmeansduring
crops. processingofthecrops.
(d)Itmakescropsshelflifelonger. Biofortifiedcropscanhelpinaddressing
theissuesofhiddenmalnutritioni.e.
malnutritionduetodeficiencyof
micronutrients.

Researchershaverecentlyproposedto c Not Statement1iscorrect:The


makecertainplantsswitchtoaC4 Difficult Attempted superchargedphotosynthesisprocess,
pathwayduringphotosynthesis.Inthis Factual calledC4photosynthesis,boostsplants'
context,considerthefollowing growthbycapturingCO2and
statements: concentratingitinspecializedcellsinthe
DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
leaves.Itinvolvestheformationofafour
1.C4pathwayisfoundnaturallyin carboncompound,thusminimisingthe
thetropicalorwarmseasonplants. lossofcarbondioxide.C4plantsinclude
2.Itimprovesthewateruseefficiency test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43317&et1=1&et2=9)
suchlowlatitudei.e.tropicalandsemi
andincreasestheyields. aridcropsasmaize,sorghum,sugar
50
Whichofthestatementsgivenabove cane,andmillet,plusmanypastureand
is/arecorrect? foragegrasses.
Statement2iscorrect:TheC4pathway
hasanumberofinherentbenefits:such
(a)1only asincreasingtheyieldbyupto50per
(b)2only cent(inC4plants),doublingwateruse
(c)Both1and2 efficiency,enhancingnitrogenefficiency
(d)Neither1nor2 by260percentandimprovingradiation
useefficiencyby50percent

Biospherereservesaredemarcatedinto b Not Biospherereservesaredemarcatedinto


following3interrelatedzonesCore Medium Attempted following3interrelatedzones:
zones,BufferZonesandTransition Fundamental(F)
CoreZone:Corezonemustcontain
Zone.AcorezonebeingNationalPark
orSanctuaryisregulatedunderwhich suitablehabitatfornumerousplantand
DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php? animalspecies,includinghigherorder
ofthefollowingacts?
predatorsandmaycontaincentresof
endemism.Coreareasoftenconservethe
(a)EnvironmentalProtectionAct,1986 test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43672&et1=1&et2=9) wildrelativesofeconomicspeciesand
(b)WildlifeProtectionAct,1972 alsorepresentimportantgenetic
(c)BiodiversityAct,2002 reservoirshavingexceptionalscientific
(d)TheForest(Conservation)Act,1980 interest.AcorezonebeingNationalPark
orSanctuaryregulatedundertheWildlife
(Protection)Act,1972.Whilstrealizing
thatperturbationisaningredientof
ecosystemfunctioning,thecorezoneisto
bekeptfreefromlhumanpressures
externaltothesystem.
BufferZone:Thebufferzone,adjoinsor
surroundscorezone,usesandactivities
aremanagedinthisareainthewaysthat
helpinprotectionofcorezoneinits
naturalcondition.Theseusesand
51
activitiesincluderestoration,
demonstrationsitesforenhancingvalue
additiontotheresources,limited
recreation,tourism,fishing,grazing,etc
whicharepermittedtoreduceitseffecton
corezone.Researchandeducational
activitiesaretobeencouraged.Human
activities,ifnaturalwithinBR,arelikelyto
continueifthesedonotadverselyaffect
theecologicaldiversity.
TransitionZone:Thetransitionareais
theoutermostpartofabiospherereserve.
Thisisusuallynotdelimitedoneandisa
zoneofcooperationwhereconservation
knowledgeandmanagementskillsare
appliedandusesaremanagedin
harmonywiththepurposeofthe
biospherereserve.Thisincludes
settlements,croplands,managedforests
andareaforintensiverecreationand
othereconomicusescharacteristicsofthe
region.

http://www.visionias.in/student/pt/test_result.php?test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3 13/27
6/1/2017 VisionIASPrelims

Thesignificanceof"apomixis"inhybrid a Not Afewfloweringplantssuchassome


seedindustryhasincreasedinthe Medium Attempted speciesofAsteraceaeandgrasseshave
recenttimes.Apomixisrefersto: Fundamental(F) evolvedaspecialmechanismtoproduce
seedswithoutfertilization,called
apomixis.Oneoftheproblemsofhybrids
(a)amechanismtoproduceseeds DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
seedsisthathybridseedshavetobe
withoutfertilization. producedeveryyear.Ifthesehybridsare
(b)occurrenceofmorethanoneembryo madeintoapomicts,thenthefarmerscan
inaseed. test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43612&et1=1&et2=9)
keeponusingthehybridseedstoraise
(c)aprocessinwhichtheseedembryo newcropyearafteryearandhedoesnot
52 mayenterastateofdormancyin havetobuyhybridseedseveryyear.
unfavorablecondition Becauseoftheimportanceofapomixisin
(d)Noneoftheabove hybridseedindustry,activeresearchis
goingoninmanylaboratoriesaroundthe
worldtounderstandthegeneticsof
apomixisandtotransferapomicticgenes
intohybridvarieties.
Occurrenceofmorethanoneembryoina
seedisreferredtoaspolyembryony.

DigiShala,recentlyinnews,isa/an: a Not GovernmentofIndiahaslaunched


Medium Attempted ''DigiShala''channeltopromotedigital
Applied(A) payments.Henceoption(a)iscorrect.
(a)GovernmentTVchanneltopromote
FreeDoordarshanDTHchannel,witha
digitalpayments. potentialviewershipofmorethantwo
(b)MassiveOpenOnlineCourses DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
crore,willbeavailableinitiallyinEnglish
(MOOC)platform. andHindiand,subsequently,inregional
(c)onlinelaboratoryforstudentsto languages.
performvirtualexperiments. test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43303&et1=1&et2=9)
Thechannelwillhelppeopleunderstand
(d)childtrackingsystemusedtomonitor theuseofunifiedpaymentsinterface
53 theireducationalprogressfromone (UPI),USSD,aadhaarenabledpayments
classtoanother. system,electronicwallets,debitandcredit
cards.
DigiShalawillenableandempowerevery
citizenofthecountry,especiallyfarmers,
students,dalitsandwomeninruralareas
tolearntheusefulnessandbenefitsof
digitalpaymentinoureverydaylifeto
adoptthesameonamassscale.

WithreferencetotheIndianRhino b d IndianRhinoVision(IRV)2020isa
Vision2020,considerthefollowing Medium Incorrect partnershipbetweentheAssamForest
statements: CurrentAffairs(CA) 0.66 Department,InternationalRhino
Marks
Time16
Foundation,theUSFishandWildlife
1.Itaimstoincreasethepopulation
Sec Service,BodolandTerritorialCouncil,
ofrhinobytranslocatingto DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
andWWF.(statement3iscorrect)
potentialhabitatarea. Itsgoalistohaveawildpopulationofat
2.AlltheNationalParksandWildlife least3,000Greateronehornedrhinosin
SanctuariesofNorthEastern test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43294&et1=1&et2=9)
theIndianstateofAssam(statement2is
stateswouldbecoveredunderit. incorrect).
54 3.TheBodolandTerritorialCouncilis Itsaimistoincreasethepopulationof
anactivepartnerinthe rhinobytranslocatingtopotentialhabitat
programme. area(statement1iscorrect).
Whichofthestatementsgivenabove Itisspreadoversevenprotectedareasof
is/arecorrect? Assambytheyear2020.IRV2020isan
ambitiousrhinorangeandpopulation
expansionprogramme.
(a)1only
(b)1and3only
(c)2and3only
(d)1,2and3

Whichofthefollowingstatementsis/are d d Alichen,orlichenizedfungus,isactuallytwo
correctregardingLichens? Medium Correct organismsfunctioningasasingle,stableunit.
Fundamental(F) 2Marks Lichenscompriseafunguslivinginasymbiotic
1.Theyareasymbioticassociationof Time2
relationshipwithanalgaorcyanobacterium(or
algaeandfungi. Sec
bothinsomeinstances).Hence,statement1
2.Theyarepioneerspeciesinan DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
iscorrect.
ecologicalsuccession.
3.Theyhelpinbiologicalweathering Fungiareincapableofphotosynthesisbutthey
ofrocks. test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43269&et1=1&et2=9) absorbnutritionfromotherorganicsubstances
whilealgaeandcyanobacteriacanconduct
Selectthecorrectanswerusingthecode photosynthesis.
givenbelow.
Lichensaretypicallythefirstorganismsto
55 colonizebarerock.Theyarethereforethe
(a)1and2only pioneerspeciesinitiatingprimarysuccession
(statement2iscorrect).
(b)1and3only Functionsoflichens:
Nitrogenfixation
(c)2and3only Biologicalweatheringbreakdownrocks
andreleasemineralbyproducingcertain
(d)1,2and3 chemicals.(statement3iscorrect)
Disruptionofrocksurfacesbyphysically
attachingtothem.
Absorbpollutantssuchasheavymetals,
carbonandsulphur.

http://www.visionias.in/student/pt/test_result.php?test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3 14/27
6/1/2017 VisionIASPrelims

Whichofthefollowingstatementsis/are b b Therearesixscheduleswhichgive
correctregardingWildlifeProtectionact, Difficult Correct varyingdegreesofprotectionunderthe
1972? Fundamental(F) 2Marks WildlifeProtectionAct,1972.TheCentral
Time2
Sec
Governmentmaybynotification,declare
1.ScheduleVoftheActcontains anywildanimalotherthanthose
verminswhichcanbehunted. DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
specifiedinScheduleIandpart11of
2.Aspertheact,onlythecentral ScheduleHofthelawtobeverminfor
governmentcandeclareananimal anyareaforagivenperiodoftime.
asvermin. test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43293&et1=1&et2=9)
(Hencestatement2iscorrect)Aslong
3.TheActcoversonlyanimalsand
asthenotificationisinforcesuchwild
notplants. animalshallbeincludedinScheduleVof
Selectthecorrectanswerusingthecode thelaw,deprivingthemofanyprotection
givenbelow. underthatlaw.
56 ScheduleVincludestheanimalswhich
maybehunted.TheseareCommoncrow,
(a)1only Fruitbats,Mice&Ratsonly.(Statement1
(b)1and2only iscorrect)
(c)2and3only ScheduleVIcontainstheplants,which
(d)1,2and3 areprohibitedfromcultivationand
planting.(Statement3isnotcorrect).
TheseplantsareasfollowsBeddomes'
cycad(Cycasbeddomei),BlueVanda
(Vandasoerulec),Kuth(Saussurea
lappa),Ladiesslipperorchids
(Paphiopedilumspp.),Pitcherplant
(Nepentheskhasiana),RedVanda
(Ranantherainschootiana).

WithreferencetoSeaGrass,consider c c Seagrassesarefoundinshallowsaltyand
thefollowingstatements: Difficult Correct brackishwatersinmanypartsofthe
Factual 2Marks world,fromthetropicstotheArctic
1.Theyarefoundonlyintropical Time2
Circle(statement1and2arenot
waters. Sec
correct).
2.Theygrowindeeperzonesofthe DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
Seagrassesaresonamedbecausemost
ocean.
specieshavelonggreen,grasslike
3.Theyhaveroots,stemsand leaves.Theyareoftenconfusedwith
leaves. test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43536&et1=1&et2=9)
seaweedsbutareactuallymoreclosely
Whichofthestatementsgivenabove relatedtothefloweringplantsonland.
is/arecorrect? Seagrasseshaveroots,stems,and
leaves,andproduceflowersand
seeds(statement3iscorrect).They
(a)1and2only evolvedaround100millionyearsago,
57 (b)2and3only andtodaythereareapproximately72
(c)3only differentseagrassspeciesthatbelongto
(d)1,2and3 fourmajorgroups.
Theyareoneofthemostproductive
ecosystemsintheworld.Seagrasses
provideshelterandfoodtoanincredibly
diversecommunityofanimals,fromtiny
invertebratestolargefish,crabs,turtles,
marinemammalsandbirds.Seagrasses
providemanyimportantservicesto
peopleaswell,butmanyseagrasses
meadowshavebeenlostbecauseof
humanactivities.

Whichofthefollowingstatementsis/are a a Amoleculethatcanactasageneticmaterial
correctwithregardtothecharacteristics Medium Correct mustfulfillthefollowingfourcriteria:
ofgeneticmaterial? Fundamental(F) 2Marks
Time7 Itshouldbeabletogenerateitsreplica
1.Itshouldbeabletogenerateits Sec (Replication).Hencestatement1is
replica. DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php? correct
2.Itshouldchemicallyand Itshouldchemicallyandstructurallybe
structurallybestable. stable.HenceStatement2isalso
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43615&et1=1&et2=9)
58 3.Itshouldnotundergomutation. correct
Itshouldprovidethescopeforslow
Selectthecorrectanswerusingthecode
changes(mutation)thatarerequiredfor
givenbelow.
evolution.HenceStatement3is
incorrect
(a)1and2only Itshouldbeabletoexpressitselfinthe
(b)1and3only formof'MendelianCharacters'.
(c)3only
(d)1,2and3

Whichamongthefollowingis/areparts d d Innateimmunityisnonspecifictypeofdefence,
ofinnateimmunityofhumanbody? Difficult Correct thatispresentatthetimeofbirth.Thisis
Applied(A) 2Marks accomplishedbyprovidingdifferenttypesof
1.Lymphocytes Time2
barrierstotheentryoftheforeignagentsinto
2.Tears Sec
ourbody.Innateimmunityconsistoffourtypes
3.Saliva DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
ofbarriers.Theseare:
Selectthecorrectanswerusingthecode Physicalbarriers:Skinonourbodyisthe
givenbelow. test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43503&et1=1&et2=9) mainbarrierwhichpreventsentryofthe
microorganisms.Mucuscoatingofthe
(a)1only epitheliumliningtherespiratory,
(b)1and2only gastrointestinalandurogenitaltractsalso
(c)2and3only helpintrappingmicrobesenteringour
(d)1,2and3 body.
59 Physiologicalbarriers:Acidinthe
stomach,salivainthemouth,tearsfrom
eyesallpreventmicrobialgrowth.
Cellularbarriers:Certaintypesof
leukocytes(WBC)ofourbodylike
polymorphonuclearleukocytes(PMNL
neutrophils)andmonocytesandnatural
killer(typeoflymphocytes)inthebloodas
wellasmacrophagesintissuescan
phagocytoseanddestroymicrobes.
Cytokinebarriers:Virusinfectedcells
secreteproteinscalledinterferonswhich
protectnoninfectedcellsfromfurtherviral
infection.

http://www.visionias.in/student/pt/test_result.php?test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3 15/27
6/1/2017 VisionIASPrelims

NationalActionPlanforChildren,2016 d d Allarecorrect:NationalActionPlan
releasedbyMinistryofWomenand Difficult Correct forChildren,2016(NPAC)waslaunched
ChildDevelopmentseekstoaddress CurrentAffairs(CA) 2Marks onNationalGirlChildDaycelebratedon
Time2
issuesrelatedtowhichofthefollowing Sec
24thJanuary2017.TheNPAChasbeen
areas? developedbytheMinistryofWomen&
DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
ChildDevelopment.Itseekstoensurethe
1.Healthandnutrition following:
2.Onlinechildabuse TheActionPlanhasfourkeypriority
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43523&et1=1&et2=9)
3.Educationanddevelopment
areassurvival,healthandnutrition
4.Childrenaffectedbyclimate
educationanddevelopmentprotection
change
andparticipation.
Selectthecorrectanswerusingthecode Theplanalsoputsfocusonnewand
givenbelow. emergingconcernsforchildrensuchas
onlinechildabuse,childrenaffected
bynaturalandmanmadedisasters
(a)1and3only andclimatechange,etc.Thestrategies
(b)1,2and3only andactionpointslargelydrawuponthe
(c)2and4only existingprogrammesandschemesof
60 (d)1,2,3and4 variousMinistries/Departments.However,
fornewandemergingissuesrelatedto
childrenitalsosuggestsformulationof
newprogrammesandstrategies,as
required.Theplantakesintoaccountthe
SustainableDevelopmentGoals(SDGs)
andprovidesaroadmaptowards
achievingthemthoughcoordinationand
convergencewithdifferentstakeholders.
TheNationalPolicyforChildren(2013)
providesforformationofaNationalCo
ordinationandActionGroup(NCAG)
undertheMinistryofWomenandChild
Developmenttocoordinateand
implementtheplanandmonitorthe
progresswithotherMinistriesconcerned
asitsmembers.

GyanSangam,recentlyseeninnews,is: c c GyanSangamistheretreatforPSBs,
Medium Correct governmentownedFinancial
Applied(A) 2Marks Institutions(FI)andinsurance
(a)skillsandEducationInnovation Time2
Sec
companies,slatedforMarch2017.The
Conference.
thirdeditionoftheretreatwillbeattended
(b)educationalTVchannellaunchedby DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
61 byseniorfinanceministryofficialsaswell
IGNOU.
asheadsofPSBs,staterunFIsand
(c)retreatforBanksandFinancial insurancefirms.
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43473&et1=1&et2=9)
Institutions.
(d)onlineservicedeliveryportal
launchedbyMadhyaPradesh
government.

Considerthefollowingstatements d b CommunityreservesinIndiaareterms
regardingCommunityReserves: Medium Incorrect denotingprotectedareasofIndiawhich
CurrentAffairs(CA) 0.66 typicallyactasbufferzonestoor
1.Itsobjectiveistoprotecttheareas Marks
Time6
connectorsandmigrationcorridors
inandaroundexistingorproposed
Sec betweenestablishednationalparks,
protectedareasfromprivate DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
wildlifesanctuariesandreservedand
ownershipoflandandlanduse. protectedforestsofIndia.
2.TheyaredeclaredunderWildlife Suchareasaredesignatedascommunity
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43537&et1=1&et2=9)
ProtectionAct,1972. areasiftheyareuninhabitedandowned
3.ItismanagedbyaCommunity bybothgovt.andprivateindividualsbut
ReserveManagementCommittee.
usedforsubsistencebycommunities.If
Whichofthestatementsgivenabove suchlandiscompletelyownedby
is/arecorrect? governmentofIndiaitiscalledas
conservationareas.
Theseprotectedareacategorieswerefirst
(a)1and3only introducedintheWildlife(Protection)
(b)3only AmendmentActof2002,theamendment
(c)1and2only totheWildlifeProtectionActof1972.
(d)1,2and3 Undertheact,CommunityReserve
Managementcommitteeisformedto
62 managethecommunityreserves.Their
memberswouldbeincludedfromGram
sabha.(statement2iscorrect)
Thesecategorieswereaddedbecauseof
reducedprotectioninandaroundexisting
orproposedprotectedareasdueto
privateownershipofland,andlanduse.
Thedeclarationofsuchanareaisaimed
atimprovingthesocioeconomic
conditionsofthepeoplelivinginsuch
areasaswellasconservingwildlife.
(statement1iscorrect)
Thelawcallsfora'CommunityReserve
ManagementCommittee'(CRMC),the
'competentauthoritytoprepareandimplement
managementplansfortheReserveandtotake
stepstoensuretheprotectionofthewildlifeand
itshabitatintheReserve'.Itsrepresentatives
willbenominatedfromthelocalvillage
panchayatorgramsabha.(statement3is
correct)

Whichamongthefollowinghasbeen a Not India'sEnvironmentMinistrydeclaredthe


declaredastheNationalHeritage Medium Attempted elephantastheNationalHeritageAnimal
AnimalofIndia? Factual in2010inordertoincreaseprotective
measuresforthecountry'snearly29,000
63 elephants.
(a)Elephant DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
DeclaringittheNationalHeritageAnimal
(b)Tiger
willgiveitdueplaceastheemblemof
(c)GangeticDolphin
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43539&et1=1&et2=9) ecologicalsensitivity.
(d)Cow

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6/1/2017 VisionIASPrelims

Whichofthefollowingcriteriamustbe c c Toqualifyasabiodiversityhotspot,aregion
metbyaregiontoqualifyasa Difficult Correct mustmeettwostrictcriteria:
biodiversityhotspot? CurrentAffairs(CA) 2Marks 1.Itmusthaveatleast1,500vascularplants
Time10
Sec
asendemicswhichistosay,itmust
1.Itmustcontainatleast1,500
haveahighpercentageofplantlifefound
speciesofvascularplantsas DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
nowhereelseontheplanet.Ahotspot,in
endemics. otherwords,isirreplaceable.
2.Itmusthavelostatleast70%ofits 2.ithastohavelostatleast70%ofits
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43538&et1=1&et2=9)
originalhabitat. originalhabitat.Inotherwords,itmustbe
64
Selectthecorrectanswerusingthecode threatened.
givenbelow. Aroundtheworld,35areasqualifyashotspots.
Theyrepresentjust2.3%ofEarth'sland
(a)1only surface,buttheysupportmorethanhalfofthe
(b)2only world'splantspeciesasendemicsi.e.,
(c)Both1and2 speciesfoundnoplaceelseandnearly43%
(d)Neither1nor2 ofbird,mammal,reptileandamphibianspecies
asendemics.

Considerthefollowingpairs: c b BandhavgarhNationalParkisspreadat
Medium Incorrect vindhyahillsinMadhyaPradesh.
Factual 0.66 BandhavgarhNationalParktopography
Tiger Location Marks
reserve Time3
variesbetweensteepridges,undulating,
Sec forestandopenmeadows.Bandhavgarh
DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
NationalParkisknownfortheRoyal
BengalTigers.
1. : Chattisgarh ValmikiNationalParkandWildlife
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43342&et1=1&et2=9)
Bandhavgarh SanctuaryislocatedintheWest
ChamparandistrictofBiharstate,India.
ValmikiTigerReserve(VTR)isoneofthe
2.Valmiki : Uttar naturalvirginrecessesineastIndia,
Pradesh situatedinthenorthwestcornerofBihar.
ThepristineforestandwildernessofVTR
65 isanexcellentexampleofHimalayan
3.Satkosia : Odisha Terailandscape.VTRcomprisesthe
ValmikiNationalParkandValmikiWildlife
Sanctuary.
Whichofthepairsgivenaboveis/are
SatkosiaTigerreserveislocatedin
correctlymatched?
Odisha.TheTigerReservesupports
moistdeciduousforest,drydeciduous
(a)1and2only forestandmoistpeninsularSalforest.
(b)2and3only ThisareaisthehomeforTiger,Leopard,
(c)3only Elephant,Gaur,Sambar,Spotteddeer,
(d)1,2and3 Mousedeer,Nilgai,Chousingha,Sloth
bear,Wilddogetc.,Varietiesofresident
andmigratorybirds,reptilianspecies
(Gharial,Magar,Crocodile,FreshWater
turtle,Poisons&Nonpoisonssnakesetc.

WithreferencetoAcquiredImmuno d d AIDSiscausedbytheHumanImmuno
DeficiencySyndrome(AIDS),consider Difficult Correct deficiencyVirus(HIV),amemberofagroupof
thefollowingstatements: Applied(A) 2Marks virusescalledretrovirus,whichhavean
Time3
Sec
envelopeenclosingtheRNAgenome.
1.Itcanspreadonlythrough
TransmissionofHIVinfectiongenerallyoccurs
thebodyfluidsofaHIVinfected DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
by:
person.
2.ELISAtestisawidelyused 1.sexualcontactwithinfectedperson,
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43485&et1=1&et2=9)
diagnostictechniqueforAIDS. 2.bytransfusionofcontaminatedbloodand
3.Antiretroviraldrugshelpprolong bloodproducts,
thelifeofanAIDSinfectedperson. 3.bysharinginfectedneedlesasinthecase
ofintravenousdrugabusersand
Whichofthestatementsgivenabove
4.frominfectedmothertoherchildthrough
is/arecorrect? placenta.
So,peoplewhoareathighriskofgettingthis
(a)1only
infectionincludesindividualswhohave
(b)1and2only
multiplesexualpartners,drugaddictswhotake
(c)2and3only drugsintravenously,individualswhorequire
(d)1,2and3 repeatedbloodtransfusionsandchildrenborn
66 toanHIVinfectedmother.
HIV/AIDSisnotspreadbymeretouchor
physicalcontactitspreadsonlythroughbody
fluids.Hence,statement1iscorrect.
Thereisalwaysatimelagbetweenthe
infectionandappearanceofAIDSsymptoms.
Thisperiodmayvaryfromafewmonthsto
manyyears(usually510years).
AwidelyuseddiagnostictestforAIDSis
enzymelinkedimmunosorbentassay
(ELISA).Hence,statement2iscorrect.
Antiretroviraldrugsareusedinthetreatmentof
HIVinfection.TreatmentofAIDSwithanti
retroviraldrugsisonlypartiallyeffective.They
canonlyprolongthelifeofthepatientbut
cannotpreventdeath.Hence,statement3is
correct.

Considerthefollowingstatementsabout d d TheBengalFlorican(Houbaropsis
BengalFlorican(Houbaropsis Correct bengalensis)isararebustardspecies
bengalensis): 2Marks thatisverywellknownforitsmating
Time2
Sec
dance.Itisundercriticallyendangered
1.Itisacriticallyendangeredbustard
speciesinIUCNredlist.
speciesthatisverywellknownfor DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
Habitat:Grasslandsoccasionally
itsmatingdance.
interspersedwithscrublands.
2.ItisfoundonlyinUttarPradesh,
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=26087&et1=1&et2=9) Distribution:Nativetoonly3countriesin
AssamandArunachalPradeshin
theworldCambodia,IndiaandNepal.In
India. India,itoccursin3states,namelyUttar
67 3.Habitatlossbecauseofagriculture Pradesh,AssamandArunachalPradesh.
practicesisthemainreasonforits Threats:Ongoingconversionofthebird's
populationdecline. grasslandhabitatforvariouspurposes
Whichofthestatementsgivenabove includingagricultureismainlyresponsible
is/arecorrect? foritspopulationdecline.

(a)1only
(b)1and2only
(c)2and3only
(d)1,2and3

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6/1/2017 VisionIASPrelims

Considerthefollowingpairs: c c Lichens:Lichensareacomplexlifeformthatis
Difficult Correct asymbioticpartnershipoftwoseparate
Fundamental(F) 2Marks organisms,afungusandanalgae.The
FloralGroups Description Time7
Sec
dominantpartneristhefungus,whichgivesthe
lichenthemajorityofitscharacteristics,fromits
DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
thallusshapetoitsfruitingbodies.Thealgae
1.Lichens : Total canbeeitheragreenalgaeorabluegreen
absenceof algae,alsoknownasCyanobacteriaand
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43289&et1=1&et2=9)
chlorophyll containonlyoneformofchlorophyll,
chlorophylla,agreenpigment.Manylichens
willhavebothtypesofalgae.Pair1is
2.Bryophytes : Trueroots incorrect.
areabsent
Bryophytes:Truerootsareabsent
Theplantbodyisdifferentiatedintosmallstem
3. : Nakedseed andsimpleleavesbuttruerootsareabsent.
Gymnosperms plants Theyareusuallygrowninmoistplaces.
68 Examples:liverworts,mosses.Theyarethe
Whichofthepairsgivenaboveis/are secondlargestgroupofgreenplantsinIndia
correct? distributedlargelyinEasternHimalaya,NE
India,WesternHimalayasandWesternGhats.
Mossesconstitutethemajorcomponentof
(a)1and3only IndianBryoflorafollowedbyliverwortsand
(b)2only hornworts.Pair2iscorrect.
(c)2and3only
(d)1,2and3 Gymnosperms:nakedseedplants
Gymnospermsareseedbearingvascular
plants,suchascycads,ginkgo,yewsand
conifers,inwhichtheovulesorseedsarenot
enclosedinanovary.Theword"gymnosperm"
comesfromtheGreekwordgymnospermos,
meaning"nakedseeds".Gymnospermseeds
developeitheronthesurfaceofscaleorleaf
likeappendagesofcones,orattheendofshort
stalks.Pair3iscorrect.

Considerthefollowingcharacteristicsof c c AgasthyamalaiBiosphereReserve
abiospherereserve: Difficult Correct becamepartofWorldNetworkof
CurrentAffairs(CA) 2Marks BiosphereReservesin2016.Itis
1.Itfallsundermalabarrainforest. Time2
situatedatthesouthernmostendofthe
2.ItisapartofUNESCOsWorld Sec
WesternGhatsandspreadoverKerala
NetworkofBiosphereReserves. DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
andTamilNadu.Theareafallsinthe
3.Kanikaranaretheoriginaltribe
Malabarrainforestsandisoneofthe
settlersinthisbiospherereserve.
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43327&et1=1&et2=9) notedhotspotareasbecauseofits
IdentifytheBiosphereReservebasedon positionintheWesternGhatsConsisting
theabovecharacteristics. mostlyoftropicalforests,thesiteishome
to2,254speciesofhigherplantsincluding
69 about400thatareendemic.Rareanimals
(a)AchanakmarAmarkantak includethetiger,AsianElephant,and
(b)Sheshachalam NilgiriTahr.Agastyamalaiisalsohometo
(c)Agasthyamalai theKanikaran,oneoftheoldest
(d)GulfofMannar survivingancienttribesintheworld.Itis
apartofUNESCO'sWorldNetworkof
BiosphereReserves.
Threewildlifesanctuaries,Shendurney,
PepparaandNeyyarandKalakad
MundanthuraiTigerreserveareincluded
inthesite.

PusaHydrogel,asuperabsorbent a a PusaHydrogelisasemisyntheticsuper
polymerdevelopedbytheIndian Medium Correct absorbentpolymerwhichhasbeen
AgricultureResearchInstitute,helpsin: CurrentAffairs(CA) 2Marks developedbytheIndianAgriculture
Time2
Sec
ResearchInstitute(IARI).
Itismixedwiththesoilonwhichthe
(a)improvingwateruseefficiencyof DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
seedsaresown.Thegelthenabsorbs
crops.
waterandexpandsto300timesits
(b)improvingshelflifeoffruitsand
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43304&et1=1&et2=9) originalsize.Itstickstotherootsofthe
vegetables. plantsandwhenthesoilmoisturefallsas
70 (c)makingcropspestresistant. thetemperaturerises,thegelshedswater
(d)improvingnutritionalcontentofcrops. tonourishthecrop.Hence,aslesswater
isrequired,itincreaseswateruse
efficiency.
TheGelisnontoxicandbiodegradable
anditalsoincreasesplantyieldby1025
percent.
PusaHydrogelhasbeeninuseinIndia
since2012.

"Thesetribesmeninhabittheareaofthe b Not IrulaisanethnicgroupofIndia.They


NilgirimountainsinthestatesofTamil Difficult Attempted inhabittheareaoftheNilgirimountains,in
NaduandKerala.Theyareconsidered Applied(A) thestatesofTamilNaduandKerala,
oneofthebestsnakecatchers.Few India.
membersofthissnakecatchingtribeare Ascheduledtribe,theirpopulationinthis
DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
helpingUSstateofFloridatocatch regionisestimatedat25,000people
invasiveBurmesePythons" Thistribeproduceshoney,fruits,herbs,
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43461&et1=1&et2=9) roots,gum,dyesetc.,andtradesthem
WhichofthefollowingTribesis
withthepeopleintheplains.
describedbytheabovepassage? IntherecenttimestheIrulashelpin
71
catchingsnakesandcollectthesnake
(a)Kurumbas venom.Theyareclaimedtobeoneofthe
bestsnakecatchers.
Floridaisstrugglingtotackleaninvasion
(b)Irula ofBurmesepythons.
MasiSadaiyanandVadivelGopal,two
(c)Reang membersofasnakecatchingtribefrom
TamilNaduIrula,havebeenflowntothe
rescue
(d)Kota

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6/1/2017 VisionIASPrelims

Considerthefollowinglivingorganisms: d c Arthropodsincludeanincrediblydiverse
Incorrect groupoftaxasuchasinsects
1.Lobsters 0.66 (cockroaches),crustaceans(lobsters
2.Shrimps Marks
Time9
andshrimp),Arachnids(ticksand
3.Cockroaches
Sec mites),andMyriapods(centipedes)etc.
4.Ticks DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
Arthropodspresentthreedistinguishing
5.Mites
features:theyaremetamericorganisms
72 Whichoftheseorganismsbelongsto test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=26107&et1=1&et2=9) (segmentedbody),theyhavean
phylumArthropods? exoskeletonmadeofchitinandtheyhave
articulatedlimbs.Thusallthefive
organismsbelongstophylumArthropoda.
(a)1and2only
(b)3,4and5only
(c)3and5only
(d)1,2,3,4and5

"NavyDayinIndiaiscelebratedto b a OperationVijay:Itwastheoperationby
commemoratethishistoricoperation Difficult Incorrect whichtheIndiaannexedtheformer
whichdestroyedKarachiharboronthe Applied(A) 0.66 PortugueseIndianterritoriesofGoa,
Marks
nightofDecember4,1971duringthe Time5
DamanandDiu,startingwiththearmed
IndoPakWarof1971". Sec actioncarriedawaybytheIndianArmed
DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
ForcesinDecember1961.
Whichofthefollowingisdescribedby OperationTrident:NavyDay,aday
theabovepassage? IndianNavywiththerestofthearmed
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43300&et1=1&et2=9)
forcescelebratestocommemoratethe
(a)OperationVijay historic'OperationTrident'which
(b)OperationTrident destroyedKarachiharbouronthenightof
(c)OperationBluestar December4,1971,incurringhugelosses
(d)OperationCactus tothePakistaniNavywhilemakingsure
73 thatPakistanNavydoesn'tstanda
chancetoattackanyoftheIndiannaval
bases.
OperationBluestar:
Itmilitaryoperationof1984toremove
sikhmilitantsfromtheGoldentemplein
Amritsar.
OperationCactus:Coupd'etatwasfoiled
inMaldivesin1988duetotheintervention
oftheIndianArmy,whosemilitary
operationseffortswerecodenamed
OperationCactusbytheIndianArmed
Forces

WithreferencetoRedSandersorRed a b RedSanders,botanicalname
Sandalwood,atreespeciesoftenin Incorrect Pterocarpussantalinus,isanonfragrant
news,considerthefollowingstatements: Factual 0.66 varietyofsandalwoodthatmostlygrows
Marks
Time13
inrocky,hillyregions.
1.Itisanendangeredspeciesfound
Sec Geographically,itislocatedonlyina
inthePalakondaand DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
smallpocketroughly5,200sqkminthe
SeshachalamhillsoftheEastern
PalakondaandSeshachalamhillsinthe
Ghats. districtsofKadapaandChittoor,insome
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=25746&et1=1&et2=9)
2.Itishighlyvaluedinthe contiguousareasofAnantapurdistrict,in
internationalmarketforitsrich theNallamallaforestsinKurnooland
fragrance.
Prakasam,andinpartsofNelloredistrict.
3.Itisfoundextensivelyinthe
SomecontiguouspatchesinTamilNadu
tropicalwetevergreenforestsof
andKarnatakaseesomewildgrowth.
74 India.
Hence,statement1iscorrect.
Whichofthestatementsgivenabove Thistreeisvaluedfortherichredcolorof
is/arecorrect? itswood.However,thewoodisnot
aromatic.Thereisbigdemandoverseas,
especiallyinChinaandJapan,whereRed
(a)1only Sandersfurniture,chesssetsandmusical
instrumentsarestatussymbols.Hence,
(b)1and2only statement2isincorrect.
Itisfoundinthethornyscrub/dry
deciduousforestsofthecentralDeccan,
(c)2and3only between500ftand3000ft.Hence,
statement3isincorrect.
(d)1,2and3

ThescientificnameforHumanbeings c c Statement1isincorrect:Homo
isHomosapiens.Considerthefollowing Medium Correct indicatesthegenusofhumanbeings.
statementsregardingthis: Fundamental(F) 2Marks Statement2iscorrect:Humanbeings
Time4
Sec
belongtothespeciessapiens.
1.Homoindicatestheclasstowhich
Statement3iscorrect:Allhumanbeings
humanbeingsbelong. DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
belongtokingdomAnimalia.Allanimals
2.Sapiensindicatesthespeciesto
belongingtovariousphylaareassignedto
whichhumanbeingsbelong. thehighestcategorycalledKingdom
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43609&et1=1&et2=9)
3.Allhumanbeingsbelongto Animaliaintheclassificationsystemof
75 kingdomAnimalia. animals.
Whichofthestatementsgivenabove
is/arecorrect?

(a)1and3only
(b)2only
(c)2and3only
(d)1,2and3

http://www.visionias.in/student/pt/test_result.php?test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3 19/27
6/1/2017 VisionIASPrelims

Whichofthefollowingrightsaregranted d d TheInternationalCovenantonCiviland
underInternationalCovenantonCivil Difficult Correct PoliticalRights(ICCPR)isaninternational
andPoliticalRights? Applied(A) 2Marks humanrightstreatyadoptedbytheUnited
Time4
Sec
Nations(UN)in1966.Itisoneofthetwo
1.Righttogetforeignfunding.
treatiesthatgivelegalforcetotheUniversal
2.Righttoformandjointradeunions. DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
DeclarationofHumanRights(theotherbeing
3.Righttoadoptareligion.
theInternationalCovenantonEconomic,Social
Selectthecorrectanswerusingthecode test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43298&et1=1&et2=9) andCulturalRights,ICESCR).ICCPRcommits
givenbelow. thestatessigneduptoittoprotectandrespect
thecivilandpoliticalrightsofindividuals.
(a)1and2only Article1ofInternationalCovenanton
(b)1and3only CivilandPoliticalRights:Allpeoples
(c)2and3only havetherightofselfdetermination.By
(d)1,2and3 virtueofthatrighttheyfreelydetermine
theirpoliticalstatusandfreelypursuetheir
economic,socialandcultural
development.
Article22ofInternationalCovenanton
76 CivilandPoliticalRights:Everyone
shallhavetherighttofreedomof
associationwithothers,includingtheright
toformandjointradeunionsforthe
protectionofhisinterests.Thus,option2
iscorrect.
IndiaisapartytoInternationalCovenant
onCivilandPoliticalRightswhich
incorporatestherighttofreedomof
association.Accesstoresources,
particularlyforeignfunding,ispartofthe
righttofreedomofassociation.Thus,
option1iscorrect.
Article18providesthateveryonehasa
righttoadoptareligion:Thismeans
thatchildrenmayadoptadifferentreligion
fromtheirparents.Acircumcisionmay
interferewiththisrightoffreechoiceof
religion.Thus,option3iscorrect.

Considerthefollowingpairs: a Not BetlaNationalParkisanationalpark


Medium Attempted locatedintheChotaNagpurPlateauof
National Locatedin Applied(A) thePalamudistrictoftheIndianstateof
Parks Jharkhand,inIndia
KangerValleyNationalParkissituated
DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
nearJagdalpur,intheBastarregionof
Chhattisgarh.ThusAravaliisincorrect.
1.Betla : Chota Guindynationalparkislocatedin
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43377&et1=1&et2=9)
Nagpur Chennai.Thuswesternghatsis
Plateau incorrect.Itisthe8thsmallestNational
ParkofIndiaandoneoftheveryfew
nationalparkssituatedinsideacity.
2.Kanger : Aravalli
77 Ghati Range

3.Guindy : Western
Ghats

Whichofthepairsgivenaboveis/are
correctlymatched?

(a)1only
(b)2and3only
(c)1and3only
(d)1,2and3

Whichofthefollowingpartsof b b LeftVentricleoftheheartsuppliesthe
circulatorysystemcarrytheoxygenated Medium Correct oxygenatedbloodthroughthepulmonary
blood? Fundamental(F) 2Marks veinsthroughoutthebody(2and3are
Time5
Sec
correct)
1.Pulmonaryartery Pulmonaryarteriescarriesthe
2.LeftVentricle DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
deoxygenatedbloodfromhearttothe
3.PulmonaryVein
lungsforpurification(1isincorrect).
Selectthecorrectanswerusingthecode test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43621&et1=1&et2=9) Theheartisamuscularorganaboutthe
givenbelow. sizeofaclosedfistthatfunctionsasthe
body'scirculatorypump.Ittakesin
deoxygenatedbloodthroughtheveins
(a)1only anddeliversittothelungsforoxygenation
(b)2and3only beforepumpingitintothevariousarteries
(c)1and3only Theheartcontains4chambers:theright
(d)1,2and3 atrium,leftatrium,rightventricle,andleft
ventricle.Theatriaaresmallerthanthe
ventriclesandhavethinner,lessmuscular
wallsthantheventricles.Theatriaactas
78 receivingchambersforblood,sotheyare
connectedtotheveinsthatcarrybloodto
theheart.Theventriclesarethelarger,
strongerpumpingchambersthatsend
bloodoutoftheheart.Theventriclesare
connectedtothearteriesthatcarryblood
awayfromtheheart.
Thechambersontherightsideofthe
heartaresmallerandhaveless
myocardiumintheirheartwallwhen
comparedtotheleftsideoftheheart.This
differenceinsizebetweenthesidesofthe
heartisrelatedtotheirfunctionsandthe
sizeofthe2circulatoryloops.Theright
sideoftheheartmaintainspulmonary
circulationtothenearbylungswhilethe
leftsideoftheheartpumpsbloodallthe
waytotheextremitiesofthebodyinthe
systemiccirculatoryloop

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Whichofthefollowingisthecorrect b Not
sequenceofRamsarsitesarrangedfrom Medium Attempted
westtoeast? Factual
1.Nalsarovar
2.Kolleru DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
3.Harike
4.Bhitarkanika
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43341&et1=1&et2=9)
Selectthecorrectanswerusingthecode
givenbelow.

(a)1243
(b)1324
79
(c)2134
(d)1342

Considerthefollowingstatements b b IrrawaddyDolphinsarespeciesprimarily
regardingIrrawaddyDolphin: Correct foundinSoutheastAsianestuariesand
2Marks mangroveareas,withfreshwater
1.Theyarefoundinbothfresh Time11
populationsoccurringinriversystems.
watersandmarinewaters. Sec
Therefore,theyarefoundinbothfresh
2.Theyareclassifiedas"Critically DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
watersandmarinewaters.Hence
Endangered"intheIUCNRedList.
statement1iscorrect.
3.InIndia,theyarefoundinChilka
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=26059&et1=1&et2=9) Theyareclassifiedas'Vulnerable'inthe
Lake.
IUCNRedListofThreatenedSpecies.
Whichofthestatementsgivenabove Statement2iswrong.
80 is/arecorrect? Freshwatersubpopulationsoccurinthe
riverMahakamofKalimantan(Indonesian
Borneo),theAyeyarwady(formerly
(a)1only Irrawaddy)ofMyanmar(formerlyBurma),
(b)1and3only andtheMekongDeltaofLaos,Cambodia,
(c)2and3only andVietnam.Theyarealsoreportedin
(d)1,2and3 isolatedbrackish(saltwaterand
freshwater)waterbodies,suchasChilka
LakeinIndiaandSongkhlaLakein
Thailand.Hencestatement3iscorrect.

Whichamongthefollowinghormones b d Insulinisahormonemadebythe
is/areproducedbythehumanbody? Medium Incorrect pancreasthatallowsbodytousesugar
Fundamental(F) 0.66 (glucose)fromcarbohydratesinthefood
1.Insulin Marks
ortostoreglucoseforfutureuse.Insulin
2.Cytokinin Time2
Sec helpskeepbloodsugarlevelfromgetting
3.Thyroxine DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
toohigh(hyperglycemia)ortoolow
Selectthecorrectanswerusingthecode (hypoglycemia).
givenbelow. test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43577&et1=1&et2=9) Cytokininsareaclassofplantgrowth
substances(phytohormones)that
promotecelldivision,orcytokinesis,in
(a)1only plantrootsandshoots.Theyareinvolved
(b)1and3only primarilyincellgrowthanddifferentiation,
81 (c)2and3only butalsoaffectapicaldominance,axillary
(d)1,2and3 budgrowth,andleafsenescence.
Thyroxinisthemainhormonesecreted
intothebloodstreambythethyroidgland.
Itistheinactiveformandmostofitis
convertedtoanactiveformcalled
triiodothyroninebyorganssuchasthe
liverandkidneys.Thyroidhormonesplay
vitalrolesinregulatingthebodys
metabolicrate,heartanddigestive
functions,musclecontrol,brain
developmentandmaintenanceofbones.

Withreferencetothepassiveimmunity a a Activeimmunityresultswhenexposure
ofhumanbodytofightthedisease, Medium Correct toadiseaseorganismtriggersthe
considerthefollowingstatements: Fundamental(F) 2Marks immunesystemtoproduceantibodiesto
Time2
Sec
thatdisease.Exposuretothedisease
1.Passiveimmunityisgenerateddue
organismcanoccurthroughinfectionwith
toantibodiesobtainedfromoutside DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
theactualdisease(resultinginnatural
thebody. immunity),orintroductionofakilledor
2.Passiveimmunityisslowand weakenedformofthediseaseorganism
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43606&et1=1&et2=9)
takestimetogiveitsfulleffective
throughvaccination(vaccineinduced
response.
immunity).
Whichofthestatementsgivenabove Passiveimmunityisprovidedwhena
is/arecorrect? personisgivenantibodiestoadisease
ratherthanproducingthemthroughhisor
herownimmunesystem.Anewbornbaby
(a)1only acquirespassiveimmunityfromitsmother
(b)2only throughtheplacenta.
(c)Both1and2 Statement1iscorrect:Whenantibodies
82 (d)Neither1nor2 aredirectlygiventoprotectthebody
againstforeignagents,itiscalledpassive
immunityforexamplefoetusreceives
antibodiesfromtheirmother,throughthe
placentaduringpregnancy,theyellowish
fluidcolostrumsecretedbymotherduring
theinitialdaysoflactationhasabundant
antibodies(IgA)toprotecttheinfant.
Statement2isincorrect:Active
immunityisslowandtakestimetogiveits
fulleffectiveresponsewhereaspassive
immunityimmediatelygiveeffective
response.Passiveimmunitylastsforfew
daysorshorterdurationwhereasactive
immunitylastsforsufficientlylonger
periodormaybelifelong.

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Whichamongthefollowingis/are d d Plasmaistheliquidportionofblood.
transportedbythebloodplasma? Difficult Correct Plasmaservesasatransportmediumfor
Fundamental(F) 2Marks deliveringnutrientslikeglucose,amino
1.Carbondioxide Time2
acids,ionsetc.tothecellsofthevarious
2.Nitrogenouswastes Sec
organsofthebodyandfortransporting
3.Glucose DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
nitrogenouswasteproductsderived
Selectthecorrectanswerusingthecode fromcellularmetabolismtothekidneys,
givenbelow. test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43571&et1=1&et2=9) liver,andlungsforexcretion.Carbon
83 dioxideistransportedbytheplasmain
dissolvedform.
(a)1only Itisalsoatransportsystemforblood
(b)1and3only cells,anditplaysacriticalrolein
(c)2and3only maintainingnormalbloodpressure.
(d)1,2and3 Plasmahelpstodistributeheatthroughout
thebodyandtomaintainhomeostasis,or
biologicalstability,includingacidbase
balanceinthebloodandbody.

Considerthefollowingstatements b b Typhoidfeverhasallthosecharacteristics:
regardingaparticularwaterborne Medium Correct
2Marks Sustainedhighfever(39to40C),
disease: Fundamental(F)
Time8 weakness,stomachpain,constipation,
1.Sustainedhighfever(39to40C), Sec headacheandlossofappetitearesome
weakness,stomachpainaresome DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php? ofthecommonsymptomsofthisdisease.
ofthecommonsymptoms. Intestinalperforationanddeathmayoccur
2.Intestinalperforationanddeath inseverecases.
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43608&et1=1&et2=9)
mayoccurinseverecases. Salmonellatyphiisapathogenic
84 3.Itiscausedbypathogenic bacteriumwhichcausestyphoidfeverin
Salmonellabacteriumspecies. humanbeings.Thesepathogens
generallyenterthesmallintestinethrough
Whichofthefollowingdiseaseshasall foodandwatercontaminatedwiththem
oftheabovecharacteristics?
andmigratetootherorgansthrough
blood.Typhoidfevercouldbeconfirmed
(a)Malaria byWidaltest.
(b)Typhoid
(c)Cholera
(d)Kalaazar

Whichofthefollowingstatementsis/are c a BIOFINisaglobalpartnership
correctabouttheBiodiversityFinance Medium Incorrect addressingthebiodiversityfinance
Initiative(BIOFIN)? Fundamental(F) 0.66 challengeinacomprehensivemanner.
Marks
Time2
TheInitiativeprovidesaninnovative
1.Itaimstoaddressthechallenges
Sec methodologyenablingcountriesto
offinancingbiodiversityinitiatives DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
measuretheircurrentbiodiversity
inacomprehensivemanner. expenditures,assesstheirfinancialneeds
2.ItwaslaunchedbyIUCNand inthemediumtermandidentifythemost
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43673&et1=1&et2=9)
WWF. suitablefinancesolutionstobridgetheir
3.InIndia,NationalBiodiversity nationalbiodiversityfinancegaps.
Authorityistheimplementingbody
UnitedNationsDevelopmentProgramme
ofBIOFIN.
(UNDP)inOctober2012launchedthe
Selectthecorrectanswerusingthecode BiodiversityFinanceInitiativeBIOFIN,
givenbelow. asanewglobalpartnershipseekingto
addressthebiodiversityfinancechallenge
85 inacomprehensivemannerbuildinga
soundbusinesscaseforincreased
(a)1only investmentinthemanagementof
(b)2and3only ecosystemsandbiodiversity.BIOFINis
(c)1and3only managedbytheUNDPEcosystemsand
(d)1,2and3 BiodiversityProgramme,in
partnershipwiththeEuropeanUnion
andtheGovernmentsofGermanyand
Switzerland.
Indiaisalsoapartofthisinitiative.Forthe
purposeofimplementingBIOFINproject
inIndia,theMinistryofEnvironment,
ForestandClimateChangehasidentified
NationalBiodiversityAuthority(NBA)
asthehostorganisation.

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Whichofthefollowingcorrectly a a Inbiologicalclassification,rankisthe
representsTaxonomiccategories Difficult Correct relativelevelofagroupoforganisms(a
showinghierarchicalarrangementin Fundamental(F) 2Marks taxon)inataxonomichierarchy.
Time2
ascendingorder? Sec
Examplesoftaxonomicranksin
ascendingorderarespecies,genus,
DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
family,order,class,phylum,kingdom,
(a)SpeciesGenusFamilyOrderClass domain,etc.
PhylumKingdom
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43668&et1=1&et2=9) Species:Taxonomicstudiesconsidera
groupofindividualorganismswith
(b)GenusSpeciesFamilyOrderClass fundamentalsimilaritiesasaspecies.One
PhylumKingdom shouldbeabletodistinguishonespecies
fromtheothercloselyrelatedspecies
basedonthedistinctmorphological
(c)SpeciesGenusFamilyOrderClass difference.
KingdomPhylum Genus:Genuscomprisesagroupof
relatedspecieswhichhasmore
(d)GenusSpeciesOrderClassFamily charactersincommonincomparisonto
KingdomPhylum speciesofothergenera.Wecansaythat
generaareaggregatesofcloselyrelated
species.Forexample,potato,tomatoand
brinjalarethreedifferentspeciesbutall
belongtothegenusSolanum.
Family:Thenextcategory,Family,hasa
groupofrelatedgenerawithstillless
numberofsimilaritiesascomparedto
genusandspecies.Familiesare
characterisedonthebasisofboth
vegetativeandreproductivefeaturesof
plantspecies.Amongplantsforexample,
threedifferentgeneraSolanum,Petunia
andDaturaareplacedinthefamily
Solanaceae.Amonganimalsforexample,
genusPanthera,comprisinglion,tiger,
leopardisputalongwithgenus,Felis
(cats)inthefamilyFelidae.
Order:Generally,orderandotherhigher
taxonomiccategoriesareidentifiedbased
86 ontheaggregatesofcharacters.Order
beingahighercategory,isthe
assemblageoffamilieswhichexhibita
fewsimilarcharacters.Thesimilar
charactersarelessinnumberas
comparedtodifferentgeneraincludedina
family.PlantfamilieslikeConvolvulaceae,
Solanaceaeareincludedintheorder
Polymonialesmainlybasedonthefloral
characters.Theanimalorder,Carnivora,
includesfamilieslikeFelidaeand
Cancidae.
Class:Thiscategoryincludesrelated
orders.Forexample,orderPrimata
comprisingmonkey,gorillaandgibbonis
placedinclassMammaliaalongwith
orderCarnivorathatincludesanimalslike
tiger,catanddog.ClassMammaliahas
otherordersalso.
Phylum:Classescomprisinganimalslike
fishes,amphibians,reptiles,birdsalong
withmammalsconstitutethenexthigher
categorycalledPhylum.Allthese,based
onthecommonfeatureslikepresenceof
notochordanddorsalhollowneural
system,areincludedinphylumChordata.
Incaseofplants,classeswithafew
similarcharactersareassignedtoa
highercategorycalledDivision.
Kingdom:Allanimalsbelongingto
variousphylaareassignedtothehighest
categorycalledKingdomAnimaliainthe
classificationsystemofanimals.The
KingdomPlantae,ontheotherhand,is
distinct,andcomprisesallplantsfrom
variousdivisions.Henceforth,wewillrefer
tothesetwogroupsasanimalandplant
kingdoms.

Withreferencetohumandigestive d d Statement1iscorrect:Thedigestion
system,considerthefollowing Medium Correct functionsaretakencareofbythegastric
statements: Fundamental(F) 2Marks glandspresentinthewallofthestomach.
Time2
Sec
Thesereleasehydrochloricacid,aprotein
1.Thehydrochloricacidinthe digestingenzymecalledpepsin,and
stomachfacilitatestheactionof DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
mucus.Thehydrochloricacidcreatesan
digestiveenzymes. acidicmediumwhichfacilitatestheaction
2.Thepancreaticjuicehelpsin
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43573&et1=1&et2=9) oftheenzymepepsin.
breakingdownfats.
Statement2iscorrect:Thepancreas
3.Thecompletedigestionof
87 secretespancreaticjuicewhichcontains
carbohydratesandfatstakesplace
enzymesliketrypsinfordigestingproteins
inthesmallintestine.
andlipaseforbreakingdownemulsified
Whichofthestatementsgivenabove fats.
is/arecorrect? Statement3iscorrect:Thesmall
intestineisthesiteofthecomplete
digestionofcarbohydrates,proteinsand
(a)1only fats.Itreceivesthesecretionsoftheliver
(b)1and2only andpancreasforthispurpose.
(c)2and3only
(d)1,2and3

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Considerthefollowingfishes: b d Freshwaterfisheswhichareverycommon
Medium Incorrect includeCatla,Rohuandcommoncarp.
1.Hilsa 0.66
Fundamental(F) Hilsa,sardinesandPomfretsaremarine
2.Commoncarp Marks
Time2
fishes.
3.Catla
4.Sardines DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php? Sec
5.Pomfrets
88 Whichoftheaboveis/arefreshwater test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43607&et1=1&et2=9)
fishes?

(a)1only
(b)2and3only
(c)1,3,4and5only
(d)1,2and3only

WithreferencetoAntiDefectionLaw, a a Theantidefectionlawwaspassedby
recentlyseeninnews,considerthe Difficult Correct parliamentin1985.
followingstatements: Fundamental(F) 2Marks The52ndamendmenttotheConstitution
Time10
Sec
addedtheTenthSchedulewhichlaid
1.Ifanypersonafterbeingelectedas
downtheprocessbywhichlegislators
thespeakerresignsfromhisparty, DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
maybedisqualifiedongroundsof
he/shewillnotbedisqualified
defection.
underthelaw.
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43297&et1=1&et2=9) AnMPorMLAisdeemedtohave
2.Independentmemberswouldnot
defectedifheeithervoluntarilyresigned
bedisqualifiediftheyjoinapolitical
fromhispartyordisobeyedthedirectives
partywithin6monthsofbeing ofthepartyleadershiponavote(against
elected. party'swhip).
Whichofthestatementsgivenabove Independentmemberswouldbe
is/arecorrect? disqualifiediftheyjoinedapoliticalparty.
Thus,statement2isincorrect.
Nominatedmemberswhowerenot
(a)1only membersofapartycouldchoosetojoina
(b)2only partywithinsixmonthsafterthatperiod,
89 (c)Both1and2 theyweretreatedasapartymemberor
(d)Neither1nor2 independentmember.
Thelawalsomadeafewexceptions
Anypersonelectedasspeakerorchairman
couldresignfromhisparty,andrejointheparty
ifhedemittedthatpost.Thus,statement1is
correct.
Apartycouldbemergedintoanotherifatleast
twothirdsofitspartylegislatorsvotedforthe
merger.
Thelawinitiallypermittedsplittingof
parties,butthathasnowbeenoutlawed.
IntheKihotoHollohancase,1993the
SupremeCourtruledthatdecisionof
presidingofficercanbesubjecttoJudicial
Review.

Considerthefollowingstatementswith b b OliveRidleyturtleisthesmallestand
regardtoOliveRidleyturtles: Difficult Correct mostabundantofallseaturtlefoundin
CurrentAffairs(CA) 2Marks theworld.Itgetsitsnamefromitsolive
1.Theyarefoundinwarmwatersof Time3
Sec
coloredcarapace,whichisheartshaped
thePacificandIndianoceans.
androunded.Itisfoundinwarmwatersof
2.Theyareherbivoresandthrive DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
thePacificandIndianoceans.Hence
exclusivelyonalgaeandsea
statement1iscorrect.
grasses.
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43528&et1=1&et2=9) Itspendsentirelivesintheoceanand
3.ThecoastofOdishainIndiaisthe
migratesthousandsofkilometersbetween
largestmassnestingsiteinthe feedingandmatinggroundsinthecourse
world. ofayear.ItisrecognizedasVulnerable
Whichofthestatementsgivenabove bytheIUCNRedlist.InIndia,itis
is/arecorrect? protectedundertheWildlife(Protection)
Act.BreedingSeason:Itcommencesits
journeyfromIndianOceantowardsBayof
(a)2only Bengalduringtheirmatingseasonin
(b)1and3only OctoberandNovembereveryyear.The
(c)2and3only destinationformajorityoftheturtlesfor
(d)1,2and3 layingeggisGahirmathainOdisha.The
coastofOrissainIndiaisthelargest
massnestingsitefortheOliveridley,
followedbythecoastsofMexicoand
90 CostaRica.Hencestatement3is
correct.
OliveRidleyturtlesarecarnivores,and
feedmainlyonjellyfish,shrimp,snails,
crabs,molluscsandavarietyoffishand
theireggs.Hencestatement2is
incorrect.
TheywereinnewsrecentlyasHope
IslandinAndhraPradeshhasbecome
graveyardforOliveRidleysturtlesafter54
carcassesofthisspecieswerespottedon
theshoresofisland.Thisindicatedthat
thebreedingcycleofthespeciesgot
severeblowduetomechanisedfishing
boatsscouringintheBayofBengal
coastline.Theseboatscrushmostofthe
turtlesunderitleadingtotheirdeath.
TheFisheriesDepartmentisthus
encouragingthemechanizedboatowners
tofitaTurtleExcluderDevice(TED)to
theirtrawlnetstoallowtheseturtlesto
pass.

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Whichofthefollowingstatementsare c c Vegetativepropagationisatypeof
correctregardingvegetativepropagation Medium Correct asexualreproductioninwhichnewplants
ofplants? Fundamental(F) 2Marks areproducedfromroots,stems,leaves
Time2
Sec
andbudsi.e.vegetativepartsoftheplant.
1.Inthistechniquemultipleplants
Onlyasingleplantisinvolvedinthe
areinvolvedtoproduceaprogeny. DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
process.(statement1isincorrect)
2.Itproducesclonalpopulation. Plantsproducedbyvegetative
3.Ittakeslesstimetogrowand propagationtakelesstimetogrowand
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43264&et1=1&et2=9)
maturecomparedtothose bearfruitsearlierthanthoseproduced
producedfromseeds.
fromseeds.(statement3iscorrect)
Selectthecorrectanswerusingthecode Thenewplantsareexactcopiesofthe
91 givenbelow. parentplant(Clonalpopulation),asthey
areproducedfromthesingleparent.
(statement2iscorrect)
(a)1and2only

(b)1and3only

(c)2and3only

(d)1,2and3

Withreferencetonutritioninhumans, a a Nutritionisacomplexprocessinvolving:
considerthefollowingprocesses: Medium Correct (i)ingestion,(ii)digestion,(iii)absorption,
Conceptual 2Marks (iv)assimilationand(v)egestion.Foodis
1.assimilation Time2
Sec
takenintothebodythroughthemouth.
2.absorption Theprocessoftakingfoodintothebody
3.digestion DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
iscalledingestion.Theinnerliningofthe
4.ingestion stomachsecretesmucous,hydrochloric
5.egestion acidanddigestivejuicesandthishelpsin
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43576&et1=1&et2=9)
Arrangetheprocessinsequenceof digestion.
theiroccurrenceindigestivesystem. Thedigestedfoodpassintotheblood
vesselsinthewalloftheintestine.This
92 processiscalled
(a)43215 absorption.Theabsorbedsubstancesare
(b)41253 transportedviathebloodvesselsto
(c)34512 differentorgansofthebodywherethey
(d)32415 areusedtobuildcomplexsubstances
suchastheproteinsrequiredbythebody.
Thisiscalledassimilation.
Theremainingwastepassesintothe
rectumandremainsthereassemisolid
faeces.Thefaecalmatterisremoved
throughtheanusfromtimetotime.This
iscalledegestion.

Considerthefollowingpairs: a d ManasriverpassesthroughtheManas
Medium Incorrect NationalParkwhichisatributarytothe
Applied(A) 0.66 Brahmaputra.Twomajorbiomesare
Protected River Marks
Area passing Time4
representedinManasthegrassland
through Sec biomeandtheforestbiome.Manasisthe
DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
onlylandscapeintheworldwherepristine
TeraiGrasslandsareseenmergingwith
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43374&et1=1&et2=9) theBhabargrasslandsinterspersedwith
1. : Brahmani diversehabitatsascendingtoSemi
Bhitarkanika EvergreenforestsandthentoBhutan
Himalayas.TheBiodiversityisveryrich
here.ThelastpopulationofthePygmy
2.Manas : Brahmaputra HogsurviveinthewildsofManasand
nowhereelseintheworl
Bhitarkanikaismainlyconfinedtothe
3.Corbett : Ganga deltaicregionsofriverBrahmaniand
Baitarani.Ithasmuchsignificancewith
regardtoecologicalgeomorphological
Whichofthepairsgivenaboveis/are
93 andbiologicalbackgroundwhichincludes
correctlymatched?
mangroveforests,rivers,creeks,
estuaries,backwater,accretedlandand
(a)1only mudflats.TheSanctuarycomprisesof
(b)2and3only MangroveForests,meanderingrivers,
(c)1and3only innumerablecrisscrossedtidalinundated
(d)1,2and3 creeksprovidelastrefugetothealready
endangeredsaltwatercrocodile
(Crocodileporosus)whichistheflagship
species.Besidesestuarinecrocodile,the
Sanctuaryisalsorichinavifauna,
mammalianandreptilianpopulation.
TheRamgangariver(West)alongwith
itssignificanttributariesSonanadi,Palain
andMandalformstheprominent
hydrologicalresourcefortheCorbett.
TheriverKosialsoflowsbynationalpark
andservesasthesignificantwater
resourcesforthenearbyarea.

Whichofthefollowingis/arereasons d d Allthethreestatementsarecorrect.
behindgreaterbiologicaldiversityat Medium Correct Ecologistsandevolutionarybiologistshave
tropics? Fundamental(F) 2Marks proposedvarioushypothesesbehindgreater
Time2
Sec
biodiversityattropics:
1.Tropicallatitudeshaveremained Speciationisgenerallyafunctionoftime,
relativelyundisturbedformillionsof DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
unliketemperateregionssubjectedto
years.
frequentglaciationsinthepast,tropical
2.Tropicalenvironmentsareless
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43667&et1=1&et2=9) latitudeshaveremainedrelatively
seasonal,relativelymoreconstant
undisturbedformillionsofyearsandthus,
andpredictable.
hadalongevolutionarytimeforspecies
3.Thereismoresolarenergy diversification
94 availableinthetropics. Tropicalenvironmentsunliketemperate
Selectthecorrectanswerusingthecode ones,arelessseasonal,relativelymore
givenbelow. constantandpredictable.Suchconstant
environmentspromoteniche
specialisationandleadtoagreater
(a)1only speciesdiversity
(b)2and3only Thereismoresolarenergyavailablein
(c)1and3only thetropics,whichcontributestohigher
(d)1,2and3 productivitythisinturnmightcontribute
indirectlytogreaterdiversity.

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Considerthefollowingstatements d Not Boththestatementsareincorrect.


regardingreservedforestsandprotected Medium Attempted UnlikenationalparksofIndiaorwildlife
forestsinIndia: Fundamental(F) sanctuariesofIndia,reservedforests
andprotectedforestsaredeclaredby
1.Unlikeinprotectedforest,grazing
therespectivestategovernments.Asof
andhuntingbylocalsareusually DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
present,reservedforestsandprotected
allowedinreservedforest. forestsdifferinoneimportantway:
2.Reservedforestisdeclaredbythe Protectedforestsaredifferentfromthe
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43324&et1=1&et2=9)
SateGovernmentwhileCentral reservedforestsinthesensethat
95 Governmentdeclaresprotected protectedforestsallowhunting,
forests.
grazingetctosomeextenttothetribes
Whichofthestatementsgivenabove andlocalswholiveinandaroundthe
is/arecorrect? forestsandhavebeenusingthe
resourcesoftheforestasmeansof
livelihood.Theseactivitiesarebanned
(a)1only unlessspecialpermissionsaretakenfrom
(b)2only theGovernmentinreservedforests.
(c)Both1and2
(d)Neither1nor2

Withreferencetohumanblood,consider d d Statement1iscorrect.Bloodisa
thefollowingstatements: Difficult Correct specialconnectivetissueconsistingofa
Conceptual 2Marks fluidmatrix,plasma,andformedelements
1.Itisaconnectivetissue. Time11
Sec
(Erythrocytes,leucocytesandplatelets).
2.Redbloodcellsinbloodaredevoid
Statement2iscorrect.Erythrocytesor
ofnucleus. DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
redbloodcells(RBC)arethemost
3.Whitebloodcellsareshortlived
abundantofallthecellsinblood.A
cellswhichlackhaemoglobin.
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43578&et1=1&et2=9) healthyadultmanhas,onanaverage,5
Whichofthestatementsgivenaboveare millionsto5.5millionsofRBCsmm3of
correct? blood.RBCsareformedinthered
bonemarrowintheadults.RBCsare
devoidofnucleusinmostofthe
(a)1and3only mammalsandarebiconcaveinshape.
(b)1and2only Theyhavearedcoloured,iron
(c)2and3only containingcomplexproteincalled
96 (d)1,2and3 haemoglobin,hencethecolourandname
ofthesecells.
Statement3iscorrect.Leucocytesare
alsoknownaswhitebloodcells(WBC)as
theyarecolourlessduetothelackof
haemoglobin.Theyarenucleatedand
arerelativelylesserinnumberwhich
averages60008000mm3ofblood.
Leucocytesaregenerallyshortlived.We
havetwomaincategoriesofWBCs
granulocytesandagranulocytes.
Neutrophils,eosinophilsand
basophilsaredifferenttypesof
granulocytes,whilelymphocytesand
monocytesaretheagranulocytes.

Whichofthefollowingstatementsis/are b Not Statement1isincorrect:Theprojectis


correctregardingSeaTurtle Difficult Attempted beingimplementedin10coastalStatesof
conservationproject? CurrentAffairs(CA) thecountrywithspecialemphasisinthe
stateofOrissa.
1.Itistobeimplementedinallthe
Statement2iscorrect:SeaTurtle
statesofIndia. DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
ConservationistheinitiativeofMinistryof
2.Ithasbeenlaunchedin
Environment&Forestswithcollaboration
collaborationwithUNDP. ofUNDPforconservationofoliveridley
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43540&et1=1&et2=9)
3.ItsimplementingagencyisWildlife turtlesandotherendangeredmarine
InstituteofIndia. turtles.
Selectthecorrectanswerusingthecode Statement3iscorrect:Itsimplementing
givenbelow. agencyisWildlifeInstituteofIndia.
Theprojecthashelpedinpreparationof
inventorymapofbreedingsitesofSea
(a)3only Turtles,identificationofnestingand
(b)2and3only breedinghabitatsalongtheshoreline,and
(c)1and2only migratoryroutestakenbySeaTurtles,
97 (d)1,2and3 developmentofguidelinestosafeguard
andminimiseturtlemortality,development
ofnationalandinternationalcooperative
andcollaborativeactionforSeaTurtle
Conservation,developingguidelineplans
fortourisminseaturtleareasand
developinginfrastructureandhuman
resourcesforSeaTurtleConservation.
Oneoftheimportantachievementshas
beenthedemonstrationoftheuseof
SatelliteTelemetrytolocatethemigratory
routeofOliveRidleyTurtlesinthesea
andsensitizingthefishermenandState
GovernmentfortheuseofTurtle
ExclusiveDevice(TED)infishingtrawlers
tocheckturtlemortalityinthefishingnet.

WhichofthefollowingarethePurines a Not Therearetwotypesofnitrogenousbases


nitrogenbases? Medium Attempted Purines(AdenineandGuanine),and
Fundamental(F) Pyrimidine(Cytosine,Uraciland
1.Adenine Thymine).Cytosineiscommonforboth
2.Guanine DNAandRNAandThymineispresentin
3.Cytosine DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
DNA.UracilispresentinRNAattheplace
4.Uracil
ofThymine.
5.Thymine
98 test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43616&et1=1&et2=9)
Selectthecorrectanswerusingthecode
givenbelow.

(a)1and2only
(b)3and4only
(c)2,4and5only
(d)1,2and3only

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6/1/2017 VisionIASPrelims

Whenapottedplantisoverwateredfor b b Therootcellsneedoxygentogenerate
afewdays,itgraduallydiesbecause: Medium Correct energy.Rootstakeupairfromtheair
Fundamental(F) 2Marks spacepresentbetweenthesoilparticles.
Time8
Sec
Whenapottedplantisoverwatered,these
(a)plantisinfectedbysoilmicrobes.
99 airspacesarefilledupwithwaterand
(b)rootsdonotreceiveoxygenfor DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
rootsarestarvedforoxygen.Eventually,
respiration.
theplantdies.
(c)rootsareunabletoabsorbnutrients.
test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=43272&et1=1&et2=9)
(d)waterfromsoilcannotrisetoaerial
parts.

Whichamongthefollowingarepresent b b Bloodgroupsystem,theclassificationof
inthebloodgroupAB? Medium Correct humanbloodbasedontheinherited
Applied(A) 2Marks propertiesofredbloodcells(erythrocytes)
1.AntibodyA Time2
Sec
asdeterminedbythepresenceor
2.AntibodyB
absenceoftheantigensAandB,which
3.AntigenA DetailedAnalysis (question_analysis.php?
arecarriedonthesurfaceoftheredcells.
4.AntigenB
PersonsmaythushavetypeA,typeB,
Selectthecorrectanswerusingthecode test_id=2127&package_id=1396&compare_with=3&qid=29762&et1=1&et2=9) typeO,ortypeABblood.
givenbelow. Anantigenisanysubstancetowhichthe
immunesystemcanrespond.For
example,componentsofthebacterialcell
(a)1and2only wallcantriggersevereandimmediate
(b)3and4only attacksbyneutrophils.
(c)1,2,3and4 Iftheimmunesystemencountersan
(d)None antigenthatisnotfoundonthebody"s
owncells,itwilllaunchanattackagainst
thatantigen.Conversely,antigensthatare
foundonthebody"sowncellsareknown
as"selfantigens",andtheimmune
systemdoesnotnormallyattackthese.
Anantibody(Ab),alsoknownasan
immunoglobulin(Ig),isalarge,Yshaped
100 proteinproducedmainlybyplasmacells
thatisusedbytheimmunesystemto
identifyandneutralizepathogenssuchas
bacteriaandviruses.
PeoplewithbloodgroupABdonothave
antibodiesinitbutbothAandBantigens.
PeoplewithbloodgroupABarecalled
universalreceptorastheydonothave
antibodiessotheycantakebloodfromall
otherbloodgroups.

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