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# Brake holding test

The brake secures the drum and thereby the mooring line at the shipboard end. It also acts as a safety device in
case the load in the line becomes excessive, by rendering and allowing the line to shed its load before it breaks
(at MBL or Maximum Breaking Load). For normal operation the recommended (OCIMF) setting on the brake
is 60 % of the MBL of the rope. For new ships this is tested for 80 % of the line's MBL since brakes may
deteriorate in service.

Every ship is supplied with a brake testing kit to test the brake at least once in a year. The break testing kit
simulates the load on the line by means of hydraulic pressure producing a torque on the winch drum.

Example:

Winch capacity : 16 T
Mooring line MBL : 51 T
Brake holding force : Po = 40.8 T at first layer (80 % of MBL)
Drum diameter : R = 48 cm
Rope diameter : r = 2.8 cm
Hydraulic jack cylinder diameter: Jc = 6,50 cm
Effective area of hydraulic jack : A = (Jc * 3,1416) /4 = 33.2 cm
Test force moment arm : L = 132.5 cm
Rope PCD : Rpcd = R + r = 50.8 cm
Brake torque : Tb = Po * Rpcd / 2 = 1036.3 T/cm
Force on hydraulic jack : F = Tb / L = 7.8 T = 7800 Kg
Required pressure : P = F / A = 234.9 kg/cm (at 80 % MBL) = 230.5 bar

W
Nominal Pull N kN Carretel MBL r R L Jc A Tb F BT RL
(first layer)
Carga de rotura del cabo/alambre MBL T 1 51 40,80 50,80 48,00 132,50 6,50 33,18 1.036,3 7.821 235,70 230,99
80/60% del MBL del cabo/alambre)
W T
Dimetro del cabo r cm
Dimetro del carretel R cm
Distancia desde el eje del gato hidrulico
al centro del carretel
L cm
Dimetro del cilindro hidrulico (cuello) Jc cm
rea efectiva del gato hidrulico A cm2
Torsin del freno Tb T/cm
Fuerza requerida por el gato hidrulico F kgs
Capacidad del freno (Presin requerida) BT kg/cm2
Carga a la que rinde (Presin requerida) RL kg/cm2

Connecting the bracket on drum flanges. Tight the brake turning handle. The pressure is increased in the
hydraulic jack using a manual pump. After the pressure reaches the calculated value (here 230.5 bar), a
marking is made on the brake band. It is held for a minute and the marking is checked to see if there is any slip.

Grfico a ttulo informativo. Los datos no corresponden con los mostrados en el ejemplo.

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