Crew Exploration Vehicle Project Office

Project Orion Overview And Prime Contractor Announcement
Skip Hatfield Orion CEV Project Manager

August 31, 2006

Contract Selection Continues our Pursuit of the Vision for Space Exploration
Crew Exploration Vehicle Project Office • • Planning for Orion began with the VSE announcement in Jan 2004 Selection of Lockheed Martin today is informed by
– NASA architecture and reference configuration studies – NASA Advanced Development Project early technology studies – Two Contractor teams performing initial designs in Phase 1

The Orion Team merges today to begin development phase with a strong base of experience
Aug 2004 Phase 1 RFP Development Starts

Jan 2004 VSE Announced

July 2005 Phase 1 CEV Contract Start

January 2006 Phase 2 RFP Release Oct 2005 ADPs Start Mar/Apr 2006 Proposals Aug 2006 Selection

Mar 2004 Project Office Formed

Orion targets first mission to Space Station no later than 2014 Orion targets first mission to Space Station no later than 2014 and to the moon no later than 2020 and to the moon no later than 2020

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Orion Missions are Critical to Future Space Exploration
Lunar Mission • Orion and Lunar Lander boosted to lunar orbit
– Up to 4 crew onboard

Crew Exploration Vehicle Project Office

• • • • Capable of ISS Missions • Transport up to 6 crew members on Orion for crew rotation • 210 day stay time • Emergency lifeboat for entire ISS crew • Deliver pressurized cargo for ISS resupply • Orion returns crew to Earth

Lander descends to lunar surface for up to 7 day sortie Orion is uninhabited during lunar surface operations Lander upper stage returns to Orion in lunar orbit Orion returns crew to Earth

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The Lockheed Martin Orion System Elements

Crew Exploration Vehicle Project Office

Orion consists of four functional modules
Launch Abort System -emergency escape during launch

Crew Module –
crew and cargo transport

Service Module –
propulsion, electrical power, fluids storage

Spacecraft Adapter –
structural transition to launch vehicle 4

CEV Crew Module
Configuration Summary Configuration Summary Diameter 16.5 ftft Diameter 16.5 Ref Hypersonic Lift to Drag Ratio .34 @ 157°α Ref Hypersonic Lift to Drag Ratio .34 @ 157°α 3 Pressurized Volume (Total) 691.8 ftft3 Pressurized Volume (Total) 691.8 3 Habitable Volume (Net) 361 ftft3 Habitable Volume (Net) 361 3 Habitable Volume per 44 CM CM 90.3 ftft3 Habitable Volume per 90.3 CM Propellant GO2/GCH4 CM Propellant GO2/GCH Total CM Delta VV 164 ft/s 4 Total CM Delta 164 ft/s RCS Engine Thrust 100 lbf RCS Engine Thrust 100 lbf Lunar Return Payload 220 lbs Lunar Return Payload 220 lbs Mass Properties Summary Mass Properties Summary Dry Mass Dry Mass Propellant Mass Propellant Mass Oxygen / / Nitrogen Mass / Water Oxygen Nitrogen Mass / Water CM Landing Wt. CM Landing Wt. GLOW GLOW 17396.8 lbs 17396.8 lbs 385.1 lbs 385.1 lbs 282.8 lbs 282.8 lbs 16174.3 lbs 16174.3 lbs 18706.3 lbs 18706.3 lbs

Crew Exploration Vehicle Project Office

• SLA-561V Backshell TPS panel, AZ93 thermal coating

• PICA Heatshield, ML-440WSO Coating

Forward bay cover 32.5°

Nextel & kevlar MMOD blankets R237.6 in 198.0 in

Roll thrusters 2PL Pitch thrusters 2PL Yaw thrusters 2PL

Docking windows 2PL Horizon windows 2PL Hatch

Forward bay access panels 6PL OML/IML 6 in offset Lower backshell Panels 5PL

130.0 in
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Launch Abort System Summary
Nose Cone Attitude Control Motor
(Eight Nozzles)

Crew Exploration Vehicle Project Office

Configuration Summary Configuration Summary

Canard Section
(Stowed Configuration)

Jettison Motor
(Four Aft, Scarfed Nozzles)

Interstage Abort Motor
(Four Exposed, Reverse Flow Nozzles)

Abort Motor Abort Motor No. of Nozzles: No. of Nozzles: Nozzle Cant Angle (to CL): Nozzle Cant Angle (to CL): Isp (sea level): Isp (sea level): Thrust (Total in Vehicle Axis): Thrust (Total in Vehicle Axis): Burn Time: Burn Time: T/W: T/W: Attitude Control Motor Attitude Control Motor No. of Nozzles: No. of Nozzles: Nozzle Cant Angle (to CL): Nozzle Cant Angle (to CL): Isp (vac): Isp (vac): Thrust (per Nozzle): Thrust (per Nozzle): Burn Time: Burn Time: Jettison Motor Jettison Motor No. of Nozzles: No. of Nozzles: Nozzle Cant Angle (to CL): Nozzle Cant Angle (to CL): Isp (vac.): Isp (vac.): Thrust (per Nozzle): Thrust (per Nozzle): Burn Time: Burn Time:

44 30º 30º 250s 250s 506,408 lbs 506,408 lbs 2.0s 2.0s 15:1 15:1 88 90º 90º 227s 227s 2500 lbs 2500 lbs 20s 20s 44 35º 35º 221s 221s 9668 lbs 9668 lbs 1.5 ss 1.5 8148 lbs 8148 lbs 5468 lbs 5468 lbs 13616 13616

Adapter Cone Boost Protective Cover (BPC) Crew Module (CM)

Mass Properties Summary Mass Properties Summary
Dry Mass Dry Mass Propellant Propellant GLOW GLOW lbs lbs

Launch Abort Vehicle (LAV): Crew Module + LAS

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CEV Service Module
Ultra Flex Solar Array Configuration Summary Configuration Summary Structural Configuration Structural Configuration Propulsion Configuration Propulsion Configuration SM Propellant SM Propellant Total SM ΔV Total SM ΔV Main Engine Thrust Main Engine Thrust RCS Thruster Thrust RCS Thruster Thrust Solar Array Area Solar Array Area Solar Array Power Solar Array Power Radiator Area Radiator Area Thermal Dissipation Thermal Dissipation 33Rings / /66Longerons Rings Longerons 2x2 Serial Feed 2x2 Serial Feed MMH/N2O4 MMH/N O 6086 ft/s2 4 6086 ft/s 7500 lbf 7500 lbf 100 lbf 100 lbf 388 ft2 2 388 ft 9.15 Kw 9.15 Kw 334 ft2 2 334 ft 6.3 Kw 6.3 Kw OME 1PL

Crew Exploration Vehicle Project Office

Strobe Light RCS thruster modules 4PL Array Pointing Gimbal T zero panel

Serial N2O4 tanks 2PL CM umbilical

Composite radiators
(MMOD bumper)

Comms Avionics on HGA

Oxygen tank 2 PL
(5000 psi COPV)

(Thrust chamber inside structure for MMOD shielding)

Systems bay 2PL Payload

S-Band Patch Serial MMH tanks 2PL Antenna (Location minimizes CG shift) Longerons 6PL
(Shear web)

Ring frames 3PL

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CEV Spacecraft Adapter
Configuration Summary Configuration Summary Panel Material IM7/977-3 sandwich Panel Material IM7/977-3 sandwich Longeron Material 7075 aluminum Longeron Material 7075 aluminum Ring Frame Material Ring Frame Material 2024 aluminum 2024 aluminum Mass Properties Summary Mass Properties Summary GLOW 1281.4 lbs GLOW 1281.4 lbs

Crew Exploration Vehicle Project Office

SA umbilical 3PL

SM separation bolts 6PL

198 in ML-440WSO white silicone thermal control coating Vent holes 9PL Bolted CLV field joint Access panel for solar array and HGA 2PL

130.3 in

216.5 in
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Orion Lockheed Martin Industry Team

Crew Exploration Vehicle Project Office

• Systems & Design Engineering Support • Propulsion

LM GRC

• Environmental Control & Life Support • Active Thermal Control • System Power Management

• SM Liaison Office • Launch Abort System • Safety & Mission Assurance

• Avionics • Integrated System Health Management • Crew Interface • Mission Ground Ops Support

LM LaRC
• LAS Liaison Office

KSC
• • • • • • • • • Operator Interfaces Ground Processing Mission Flight Planning Software Development Final Assembly Checkout Acceptance Test Sustaining Engineering Spacecraft Refurbishment

• • • • • •

Program Management Systems Integration Crew Module Development Service Module Development Qualification Test Software Development

Michoud
• CM and SM Structures 9

Project Orion is Leveraging Unique Skills Throughout NASA
Crew Exploration Vehicle Project Office
Ames
• Lead Thermal Protection System ADP • Aero-Aerothermal database • Software and GN&C support

Glenn
• Lead Service Module and Spacecraft Adapter integration
• Flight Test Article “Pathfinder” fabrication • SE&I Support

Dryden
• Lead Abort Flight Test Integ/Ops • Abort Test Booster procurement • Flight Test Article Devt/Integ

Goddard
• Communications Support

Orion Project Management

Langley
• Lead Launch Abort System integration
• Lead landing system ADP • SE&I Support

JPL
• Thermal Protection System support

Johnson
• Lead Crew Module integration
• Orion Spacecraft Integration • GFE projects management • Flight Test Program

Kennedy Marshall
• LAS and SM SE&I Support 10 • Ground processing • Launch operations • Recovery operations

Orion Advances the Human Exploration Vision
• Crew Exploration Vehicle Project Office Orion is the next generation crew piloted spacecraft
– Human access to Low Earth Orbit … – … and to the Moon and Mars

Orion has a talented management team and workforce which utilizes unique personnel and facility strengths from across NASA and industry

We have an exciting path to bring Orion to meet the mission
– – – – – Finalize requirements Mature the technology Design the Systems Test the Systems Prepare for first flight operations

We are committed to meeting the national priorities for Orion! 11