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PRODUCTS DATACHARACTERISTICS OF PUNCHING TOOLS PRODUCTS DATASHAPES AND DIMENSIONS OF PUNCHES & DIES

Thenecessary characteristics of a punching tool Shapes of punches and dies


include good wear resistance, high compression resistance, high impact resistance and toughness, and high fatigue strength.
Punching tool materials must be selected to suit the punching conditions, such as the production quantity, workpieces, and lubrication. Shape Profile length of tip Diagonalcircumscribing circleK Cross section area S

2
Characteristics of tool steel Effects of alloying elements Round P P P /4

P
12% Cr D2 has excellent wear resistance and good Element Effect
D2
hardenability, which leads to reduced deformation.
Alloy This is the type of tool steel most often used. Forms carbides in combination with Cr, W, Mo, V, and
tool steel C other elements, providing wear resistance.Hardness
D2 High-temperature tempering results in hardness of HRC6063, increases with higher content.

K
improvedincreasing the toughness of the steel. Square 2 P2W2
Cr Improves wear resistance, corrosion resistance and hardenability. PW PW

P
High-speed M2 is the type of high-speed steel most often used. It features
tool steel M2 excellent wearresistance and toughness. Forms hard complex carbides in combination with Fe,
Mo, W Cr, and C, improving wear resistance, hardenability, W
Powdered Powder metallurgical techniques yield powdered steel with an even and hardness at high temperatures.
high-
speed SKH40 structure, and because it contains large quantities of high alloying
componentssuch as W, V, and Cowhich were unavailable before, this V Improves wear resistance and toughness.

K
tool steel steel has excellent toughness, wear resistance, and fatigue strength. Corner 2 2
2RPW4R 2RP2R2W2R2 PW

P
Co Improves high-temperature hardness and tempering hardness. R
4R R
Compared with ordinary steel, this material has higher hardness Mn Improves hardenability and toughness.
and superior wear resistance, compression resistance, rigidity, and W R
Carbide V30 heat resistance. However toughness is poor, and if this material is
selected incorrectly, its full performance cannot be achieved.

P
2
Oblong PW
W2 P 4 W W
PW
W
1700
1600

P
2 2
1500 SKH40 Key flat 2 P2W2 P Sin1 W/P/90 P P /4P Cos1 W/P/360W/2 P2W2
Carbide V30 1400 W
N/mm2
Wear resistance

1300
Powdered
high-speed steel 1200
Stress

SKH40
M2 1100
D2 M2 Finding the length of RY
D2 1000 D2
improved 900
Length of punch RY Length of pilot punch RY
800
0.1 1 10 100 1000 Find Y from XDP /2. Y P10P/4 For R10
Toughness Count
104 times
Y X20XFor R10 Y PRP/4For other than R10
Characteristics of punching tools Fatigue strength of punching tools
rotating bending Y X2RXFor other than R10
Fatigue strength varies largely depending on the conditions of surface treatment,
heat treatment, and other factors. Use this diagram as a reference guide. When P8 When P8,
R10 R10
R10 Y is always 8 mm.

Material characteristics of punching tools

P8
P8
D

P
R Alloy tool steel High-speed steel Powdered high-speed steel Carbide

X
Item D2 D2improved M2 SKH40 V30
Y 8
C 1.5 0.85 1.3 Y
% Cr 12 4.15 4
Mo 6.5 6 Example 1: Finding Y for SPAS1060P6.80 Example2: Finding Y for SPT520P4.5
composition
Chemical


Co : 12%
W 1 8% Cr die steel 5.3 5 XDP/2106.8/2 Y P
10P/4
Other : WC
V 0.35 2.05 3
1.6 4.5
104.5/4
6.32
Co 8
Y 1.6
201.65.426
Mn 0.45 0.35
Hardening temperature
10001050 10201040 11801220 11201190
Tempering temperature
150200 520550 550570 560580
Hardness HRC 6063 6063 6164 6467 12001350 HV
Traverse rupture force N/mm2 3500 4500 4800 4500 2500
Youngs modulus N/mm2 210000 217000 219000 228600 540000
Density g/cm3 7.72 7.87 8.11 8.07 14.4
Thermal expansion coefficient 106/ 12.0 12.2 10.1 10.1 5.4
Thermal conductivity W/mk 29.3 23.7 20.6 23.8 72
Note:The data presented here represents typical values; they are not guaranteed values.
Powdered high-speed steel SKH40 has been standardized by JIS G 4403 : 2000.
Examples include Hitachi Metal HAP40, Kobe Steel KHA30, Daido Steel DEX40, and Nachi-Fujikoshi FAX38.

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