You are on page 1of 10

European Perspectives on International

Cooperation for Sustainable Space Exploration


Bernhard Hufenbach, ESA
International Exploration Perspectives
4 - 6 December 2006
2nd International Space Exploration Conference
Houston, Texas

1 06 December 2006
European Vision
Space Exploration, A Global Societal Project

Programmatic Framework International Framework


Aurora Programme. International Strategic
Framework for
The objective of the Sustainable Space
Aurora Programme is Exploration.
first to formulate and
then to implement a As global citizens, we
European long-term explore space to expand
plan for the robotic human knowledge,
and human exploration extend human frontiers,
of solar system bodies and serve society,
holding promise for starting from the Moon
traces of life. then going to Mars and
beyond.

Strategic Study Strategic Study


Future of European Space Moon: the 8th Continent
Exploration: Towards a Human Spaceflight 2025.
European Long term
Strategy. In 2025, Europe will
begin to operate a
Europe will implement a permanently manned
visible, affordable and outpost on the Moon as
robust space exploration part of a multi-decade,
programme, driven by the international exploration
long-term goal of the effort to serve humanity,
in-situ exploration of Mars thus increasing our
by humans, which creates knowledge and helping
benefits for society, us to address the global
engages other space- challenges of the future.
faring nations through
collaborative activities
and, thereby, contributes
significantly to societal
development.

2 06 December 2006
European Interests
Process for Consolidation of Strategic Approach

STAKEHOLDER CONSULTATIONS
International
Plans and
Capabilities Scientists Industry Politicians Public

Interests, Opportunities, Objectives, Priorities, Constraints

ANALYSIS OF EXPLORATION THEMES

Science- Economic- Policy- Inspiration-


driven driven driven driven Architecture
Consolidation
Stakeholder Objectives and High-level Requirements

ARCHITECTURE ANALYSIS

Planetary surface Space transportation In-space

ANALYSIS OF MISSION AND CAPABILITY DEVELOPMENT ROADMAPS

3 06 December 2006
European Interests
European Programmes - Robotic Missions
MISSION

CASSINI-
CASSINI-
HUYGENS

Launch: 1997 SMART-


SMART-1
MARS EXPRESS
Mission end:
Huygens-2005 Launch: 2003
Cassini-2009
Mission end: Launch: 2003 ROSETTA
2006 Mission end: VENUS
US/ EUROPE/ 2007 EXPRESS CHÁ
CHÁNG‘É
NG‘É 1 CHANDRAYAAN
ITALY Launch: 2004
EUROPE Mission end: 1 EXOMARS
EUROPE 2015 Launch: 2005 Launch: 2007
Mission end: Launch: 2008 BEPICOLOMBO
2007/8 Launch: 2013
Destination: Destination: EUROPE CHINA
Launch: 2013
Saturn/Titan Moon Destination: INDIA Mission end:
EUROPE EUROPE
Mars 2020
Mission Mission Destination: Destination:
objectives: objectives: Mission Comet Moon Destination: EUROPE
Exploration of Destination: Destination:
Technology objectives: Moon
Saturnian Venus Mars
demonstration Comparative Mission Mission
system. ESA’s objectives:
of electric Planetology, objectives: Mission Destination:
component - Mission Lunar orbiter as Mission
propulsion & Exobiology & objectives:
Huygens Rendezvous objectives: objectives: Mercury
Mercury
Lunar science 3D cartography pathfinder for Survey and 3-D
probe - with and
Global future lander, topography of Technology
entered landing on
investigation of sample return lunar surface demonstrations Mission
atmosphere of International Comet 67
the evolution of and human including polar search for life, objectives:
Saturn's partners: P/Churyumov-
Venusian missions regions identification of
largest moon, Russia/Japan/ Gerasimenko Planet and
atmosphere hazards for magnetosphere
Titan, and USA
International ESA’s role: ESA’s role: future missions investigation
landed.
partners: Operations Some
USA support experiments
International International
partners: International
partners: partners:
NASA/ESA/ASI
NASA, Japan,
Roscosmos Roscosmos

T I M E
4 06 December 2006
European Interests
European Programmes – Human Spaceflight

EMCS
Microgravity Science Launched Jul 2006 Minus 80 degree
Glovebox (NASA) Freezer (MELFI)
Launched Jul 2002 Launched Jul 2006
ATV Node 2
Launch mid 2007 Launch Aug 2007

Crew Refrigerator/
Data Freezer Rack (NASA)
Management Launch tbd
for Svezda
Launched Jul 2000 Columbus
2000
2010
2010 Material Science Launch 17 Oct 2007

Laboratory
Launch tbd
with payload racks: Fluid
Science
Laboratory
with external payloads:
EuTEF

European
Node 3 (NASA) Transport
European
Launch Jan 2010 Carrier
Drawer Biolab
Cupola
Launch Jan 2010
Rack European
Physiology
ERA
Solar
Module
Launch Dec 2008

5 06 December 2006
European Interests
Strategic Objectives

ƒ Secure best return on investment in ISS


Programme

ƒ Secure European human access to space

ƒ Support implementation of International Mars


Sample Return mission

ƒ Ensure that Europe acts as a significant


player in global space exploration through
– Development of enabling capabilities
– Implementation of European-led
international robotic mission
– Promotion of broad societal engagement

6 06 December 2006
International Cooperation
Past Cooperation with NASA

Human Spaceflight Science

Spacelab

Ulysses HST SOHO Cassini-Huygens

Cluster Mars Express Rosetta Herschel

Planck LISA Pathfinder JWST LISA


ISS

7 06 December 2006
International Cooperation
Roadmap

ISS
Exploration
Capabilities
Cooperative
capability
development

Joint
ExoMars
operations
Co- of
operative planetary
missions infrastructure
Cassini Huygens MSR

Coordination of
architectures
and roadmaps
International Exploration
Roadmaps and
Architectures

8 06 December 2006
International Cooperation
Approach

PLANNING AND PRODUCTS OF INTERNATIONAL


IMPLEMENTATION STEPS COORDINATION AND COOPERATION

Exploration
Goals & Objectives Global Strategic Framework

Architecture INTERNATIONAL
Requirements COORDINATION
Global Reference Architecture

Architecture
Design

Cooperative Capability Development


Capability
Development
INTERNATIONAL
COOPERATION

Exploration Cooperative Mission Implementation


Missions

9 06 December 2006
International Cooperation
Global Reference Architecture - Capability Mapping

Early Robotic Earth Based


Capabilities EXPLORATION CAPABILITIES
Services
Early Robotic Transportation Space Based Earth Based Planetary Surface
Capabilities Services Services Operations

Remote Sensing Crew Launchers Telecommunication Control centres Habitation

Landing Cargo Launchers Navigation Launch sites Mobility and EVA


support

Surface Mobility Crew and cargo Remote Sensing Ground tracking Power provision &
exploration vehicles management

Drilling Interplanetary Space Weather Crew Medical centres Local resource


Transportation transfer stages Forecast utilisation

Sample Return Planetary descent Vehicle servicing Data handling & Logistic support
and landing vehicles processing services

Planetary ascent In-orbit assembly Engineering support Food production


vehicles service

Rendezvous and Education and Science/research Planetary Surface


docking training equipment
Operations
Test facilities Robotic assistance

Ground based
research

User Centres

STATUS KEY:
Demonstrated Capability

Future Capability
Heritage

10 06 December 2006