European Perspectives on International Cooperation for Sustainable Space Exploration

Bernhard Hufenbach, ESA International Exploration Perspectives
4 - 6 December 2006 2nd International Space Exploration Conference Houston, Texas

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06 December 2006

European Vision Space Exploration, A Global Societal Project

Programmatic Framework
Aurora Programme. The objective of the Aurora Programme is first to formulate and then to implement a European long-term plan for the robotic and human exploration of solar system bodies holding promise for traces of life.

International Framework
International Strategic Framework for Sustainable Space Exploration. As global citizens, we explore space to expand human knowledge, extend human frontiers, and serve society, starting from the Moon then going to Mars and beyond.

Strategic Study
Future of European Space Exploration: Towards a European Long term Strategy. Europe will implement a visible, affordable and robust space exploration programme, driven by the long-term goal of the in-situ exploration of Mars by humans, which creates benefits for society, engages other spacefaring nations through collaborative activities and, thereby, contributes significantly to societal development.

Strategic Study
Moon: the 8th Continent Human Spaceflight 2025. In 2025, Europe will begin to operate a permanently manned outpost on the Moon as part of a multi-decade, international exploration effort to serve humanity, thus increasing our knowledge and helping us to address the global challenges of the future.

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06 December 2006

European Interests Process for Consolidation of Strategic Approach

International Plans and Capabilities

STAKEHOLDER CONSULTATIONS Scientists Industry Politicians Public

Interests, Opportunities, Objectives, Priorities, Constraints ANALYSIS OF EXPLORATION THEMES Sciencedriven Economicdriven Policydriven Inspirationdriven Architecture Consolidation

Stakeholder Objectives and High-level Requirements ARCHITECTURE ANALYSIS Planetary surface Space transportation In-space

ANALYSIS OF MISSION AND CAPABILITY DEVELOPMENT ROADMAPS
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European Interests European Programmes - Robotic Missions
MISSION

CASSINICASSINIHUYGENS
Launch: 1997 Mission end: Huygens-2005 Cassini-2009 US/ EUROPE/ ITALY

SMART-1 SMARTLaunch: 2003 Mission end: 2006 EUROPE

MARS EXPRESS

Launch: 2003 Mission end: 2007 EUROPE

ROSETTA
Launch: 2004 Mission end: 2015 EUROPE

VENUS EXPRESS
Launch: 2005 Mission end: 2007/8 EUROPE

CHÁNG‘É 1 CHÁ NG‘É
Launch: 2007 CHINA

CHANDRAYAAN 1
Launch: 2008 INDIA

EXOMARS
Launch: 2013 EUROPE

BEPICOLOMBO
Launch: 2013 Mission end: 2020 EUROPE

Destination: Saturn/Titan Mission objectives: Exploration of Saturnian system. ESA’s component Huygens probe entered atmosphere of Saturn's largest moon, Titan, and landed. International partners: NASA/ESA/ASI

Destination: Moon Mission objectives: Technology demonstration of electric propulsion & Lunar science

Destination: Mars Mission objectives: Comparative Planetology, Exobiology & 3D cartography International partners: Russia/Japan/ USA

Destination: Comet Mission objectives: Rendezvous with and landing on Comet 67 P/ChuryumovGerasimenko International partners: USA

Destination: Venus Mission objectives: Global investigation of the evolution of Venusian atmosphere

Destination: Moon Mission objectives: Lunar orbiter as pathfinder for future lander, sample return and human missions ESA’s role: Operations support

Destination: Moon Mission objectives: Survey and 3-D topography of lunar surface including polar regions ESA’s role: Some experiments

Destination: Mars Mission objectives: Technology demonstrations search for life, identification of hazards for future missions International partners: NASA, Roscosmos

Destination: Mercury Mercury Mission objectives: Planet and magnetosphere investigation International partners: Japan, Roscosmos

T I M E
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European Interests European Programmes – Human Spaceflight

Microgravity Science Glovebox (NASA)
Launched Jul 2002

EMCS

Launched Jul 2006

Minus 80 degree Freezer (MELFI)
Launched Jul 2006

ATV

Launch mid 2007

Node 2

Launch Aug 2007

Data Management for Svezda
Launched Jul 2000

2000 2010 2010

Crew Refrigerator/ Freezer Rack (NASA)
Launch tbd

Material Science Laboratory
Launch tbd

Launch 17 Oct 2007

Columbus
Fluid Science Laboratory

with payload racks: with external payloads:
EuTEF

Node 3 (NASA)

Launch Jan 2010

Cupola

European Transport Carrier

Launch Jan 2010

European Drawer Rack

Biolab

ERA

Solar

Launch Dec 2008

European Physiology Module

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06 December 2006

European Interests Strategic Objectives

Secure best return on investment in ISS Programme Secure European human access to space Support implementation of International Mars Sample Return mission Ensure that Europe acts as a significant player in global space exploration through
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Development of enabling capabilities Implementation of European-led international robotic mission Promotion of broad societal engagement

06 December 2006

International Cooperation Past Cooperation with NASA

Human Spaceflight

Science

Spacelab

Ulysses

HST

SOHO

Cassini-Huygens

Cluster

Mars Express

Rosetta

Herschel

Planck

LISA Pathfinder

JWST

LISA

ISS

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06 December 2006

International Cooperation Roadmap
ISS

Cooperative capability development

Exploration Capabilities

ExoMars

Cooperative missions
Cassini Huygens MSR

Joint operations of planetary infrastructure

Coordination of architectures and roadmaps

International Exploration Roadmaps and Architectures

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06 December 2006

International Cooperation Approach PLANNING AND IMPLEMENTATION STEPS PRODUCTS OF INTERNATIONAL COORDINATION AND COOPERATION

Exploration Goals & Objectives Architecture Requirements INTERNATIONAL COORDINATION

Global Strategic Framework

Global Reference Architecture

Architecture Design
Cooperative Capability Development

Capability Development

INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION
Cooperative Mission Implementation

Exploration Missions
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06 December 2006

International Cooperation Global Reference Architecture - Capability Mapping
Early Robotic Capabilities Early Robotic Capabilities
Remote Sensing Landing Surface Mobility Drilling Sample Return

EXPLORATION CAPABILITIES
Transportation Space Based Services
Telecommunication Navigation Remote Sensing Space Weather Forecast Vehicle servicing

Earth Based Services Earth Based Services Planetary Surface Operations
Habitation Mobility and EVA support Power provision & management Local resource utilisation Logistic support services Food production Science/research equipment Robotic assistance

Crew Launchers Cargo Launchers Crew and cargo exploration vehicles Interplanetary transfer stages Planetary descent and landing vehicles Planetary ascent vehicles Rendezvous and docking

Control centres Launch sites Ground tracking Crew Medical centres Data handling & processing Engineering support service Education and training Test facilities Ground based research User Centres

Transportation

In-orbit assembly

Planetary Surface Operations

STATUS KEY: Demonstrated Capability Future Capability Heritage

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06 December 2006