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RUSSIARUSSIA ININ SPACESPACE

RUSSIA RUSSIA IN IN SPACE SPACE Yevgeny Yevgeny Zvedre Zvedre Senior Senior Counselor Counselor of of

YevgenyYevgeny ZvedreZvedre

SeniorSenior CounselorCounselor ofof thethe RussianRussian EmbassyEmbassy forfor ScienceScience andand TechnologyTechnology

HoustonHouston SpaceSpace ExplorationExploration ConferenceConference DecemberDecember 5,5, 20062006

FederalFederal SpaceSpace ProgramProgram 20062006 2015:2015:

EnvironmentalEnvironmental monitoring,monitoring, mitimitigationgation andand managementmanagement ofof naturalnatural andand manman--mademade disasters.disasters. ProvisionProvision ofof globalglobal communicaticommunicationsons andand directdirect televisiontelevision broadcastingbroadcasting asas wellwell asas highhigh--precisionprecision globalglobal navigationalnavigational andand positioningpositioning servicesservices forfor civiliancivilian customerscustomers allall overover thethe world.world. ImplementationImplementation ofof thethe internationalinternational agreementsagreements onon assemblyassembly andand exploitationexploitation ofof ththee InternationalInternational SpaceSpace StationStation (ISS)(ISS) andand onon thethe otherother spacespace explorationexploration programs.programs. ExtensiveExtensive developmentdevelopment ofof basicbasic spacespace sciencescience andand advancedadvanced spacespace technologies.technologies. ProvisionProvision ofof comprehensivecomprehensive remoteremote sensingsensing andand hydrohydro-- meteorologicalmeteorological datadata forfor thethe countrycountry’’ss economiceconomic requirements.requirements. FurtherFurther developmentdevelopment ofof mannedmanned spacespace explorationexploration programs.programs. ExtensiveExtensive developmentdevelopment ofof groundground spacespace infrastructureinfrastructure

programs.programs. ExtensiveExtensive developmentdevelopment ofof groundground spacespace infrastructureinfrastructure

FSPFSP--2015:2015: spacespace applicationsapplications

2626 spacecraftspacecraft forfor fixedfixed communicationscommunications andand directdirect TVTV broadcasting.broadcasting. 1212 spacecraftspacecraft forfor mobilemobile personalpersonal communicationscommunications inin geostationarygeostationary andand ellipticalelliptical orbits.orbits. SystemSystem ofof remoteremote sensingsensing basedbased onon ““ResursResurs--PP”” satellitessatellites withwith highhigh (less(less thanthan 11 m)m) resolutionresolution panchromaticpanchromatic imagery.imagery. ConstellationConstellation ofof meteorologicalmeteorological satellites:satellites: includeinclude 22 geostationarygeostationary spacespace platformsplatforms ““ElectroElectro”” andand aa numbernumber ofof mediummedium--earthearth orbitorbit meteorologicalmeteorological satellitessatellites ““MeteorMeteor--MM”” SpecializedSpecialized ““CanopusCanopus--BB”” spacecraftspacecraft forfor earthquakeearthquake forecasting.forecasting.

““CanopusCanopus--BB”” spacecraftspacecraft forfor earthquakeearthquake forecasting.forecasting.

FSPFSP--2015:2015: spacespace researchresearch

"Fobos"Fobos --Grunt"Grunt" -- remoteremote andand directdirect probingprobing ofof thethe MarsMars satellite,satellite, Fobos,Fobos, andand toto deliverdeliver toto thethe EarthEarth itsits soilsoil ––

plannedplanned forfor 2009.2009.

itsits soilsoil –– plannedplanned forfor 2009.2009. "Moon"Moon -- Globe"Globe" -- toto

"Moon"Moon -- Globe"Globe" -- toto acquireacquire datadata onon thethe internalinternal structurestructure ofof thethe MoonMoon and,and, inin particular,particular, itsits cratercrater ItkenaItkena onon thethe southsouth pole,pole, andand toto investigateinvestigate naturalnatural resourcesresources andand thethe influenceinfluence ofof electromagneticelectromagnetic radiationradiation -- plannedplanned forfor 2012.2012. "Venus"Venus--D"D" -- toto measuremeasure chemicalchemical compositioncomposition ofof thethe VenusVenus atmosphere,atmosphere, toto taketake picturespictures ofof thethe surface,surface, toto determinedetermine thethe mineralmineral structurestructure andand toto makemake exactexact measurementsmeasurements ofof temperature,temperature, pressure,pressure, radiation,radiation, characteristicscharacteristics ofof thethe environmentenvironment andand seismicseismic activityactivity ofof thethe planetplanet ––

plannedplanned forfor 2016.2016.

ProgramProgram ofof thethe spacespace basedbased ““SPECTRUMSPECTRUM”” observatoriesobservatories forfor astronomicalastronomical andand astrophysicalastrophysical research.research.

FSPFSP--2015:2015: INTERNATIONALINTERNATIONAL COOPERATIONCOOPERATION

RussiaRussia’’ss primaryprimary internationalinternational obligationobligation –– completioncompletion ofof ISSISS assembly.assembly.

–– completioncompletion ofof ISSISS assembly.assembly. NextNext stepstep –– launchlaunch ofof thethe

NextNext stepstep –– launchlaunch ofof thethe MultiMulti--PurposePurpose LaboratoryLaboratory ModuleModule inin 2009.2009.

AfterAfter 20092009 –– fullfull--scalescale scientificscientific activitiesactivities onboardonboard ISSISS toto finalizefinalize technologiestechnologies thatthat areare keykey forfor thethe futurefuture mannedmanned spacespace flights.flights.

CompletionCompletion ofof thethe ISSISS inin anan agreedagreed configurationconfiguration asas wellwell asas operationoperation andand targetedtargeted useuse ofof thethe StationStation inin thethe secondsecond decadedecade ofof 21st21st centurycentury -- keykey factorfactor forfor furtherfurther successfulsuccessful developmentdevelopment ofof mannedmanned astronauticsastronautics andand futurefuture flightsflights toto thethe planetsplanets ofof thethe SolarSolar systemsystem

LessonsLessons forfor thethe future.future.

ConceptConcept ofof mannedmanned spacespace explorationexploration forfor thethe yearsyears 20062006--20402040

20062006--20152015 –– FSPFSP--20152015 focusedfocused onon assemblyassembly ofof thethe RussianRussian segmentsegment ofof thethe InternationalInternational SpaceSpace StationStation whichwhich isis plannedplanned toto bebe completedcompleted byby 2011.2011. SoyuzSoyuz andand ProgressProgress shipsships willwill continuecontinue toto deliverdeliver crewscrews andand cargoescargoes toto thethe orbit.orbit. ISSISS –– researchresearch outpost.outpost.

ISSISS –– researchresearch outpost.outpost. 2016 2016 - - 2025 2025 –– completioncompletion ofof

20162016--20252025 –– completioncompletion ofof thethe ISSISS ProgramProgram andand probableprobable constructionconstruction ofof aa newnew facilityfacility withwith aa moremore highlyhighly inclinedinclined orbit.orbit. TheThe proposedproposed inclinationinclination --7070 degrees.degrees.

20252025--20302030 –– possiblepossible interplanetaryinterplanetary missions.missions. IfIf suchsuch aa decisiondecision isis mademade thesethese projectsprojects willwill bebe carriedcarried outout inin coco--operationoperation withwith internationalinternational partners.partners.

DevelopmentDevelopment ofof crewcrew transportationtransportation systemssystems

UpUp toto 20102010 -- upgradingupgrading ofof thethe existingexisting SoyuzSoyuz andand ProgessProgess spacecraftspacecraft--launcherlauncher systemssystems inin partnershippartnership withwith ESA.ESA.

systemssystems inin partnershippartnership withwith ESA.ESA. TasksTasks toto bebe implementedimplemented duringduring

TasksTasks toto bebe implementedimplemented duringduring furtherfurther employmentemployment ofof thethe upgradedupgraded SoyuzSoyuz andand ProgressProgress vehicles:vehicles:

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toto satisfysatisfy needsneeds ofof thethe nearnear EarthEarth flightsflights includingincluding servicingservicing eexistingxisting andand futurefuture spacespace stationsstations and,and,

toto determinedetermine andand shapeshape systemssystems ofof thethe nextnext generationgeneration reusablereusable mannedmanned spacespace vehicle,vehicle, whichwhich willwill bebe usedused forfor interplanetaryinterplanetary expeexpeditions.ditions.

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PerspectivePerspective CrewCrew TransportationTransportation SystemSystem (PCTS)(PCTS)

-- plansplans forfor thethe PCTSPCTS areare yetyet toto bebe defineddefined

““ClipperClipper”” conceptconcept mannedmanned vehiclevehicle developeddeveloped byby thethe ““EnergiaEnergia”” asas aa possiblepossible variantvariant ofof thethe PCTSPCTS -- AA jointjoint programprogram withwith thethe ESAESA isis underwayunderway toto determinedetermine modalitiemodalitiess ofof furtherfurther workwork onon thethe nextnext generationgeneration mannedmanned vehiclevehicle

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RussiaRussia andand thethe USUS 3030 yearsyears inin spacespace togethertogether

Russia Russia and and the the US US – – 30 30 years years in in
newnew opportunitiesopportunities –– tremendoustremendous challengeschallenges

newnew opportunitiesopportunities ––

tremendoustremendous challengeschallenges