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Setting Priorities for Exploration Science

Paul Hertz

Chief Scientist, NASA Science Mission Directorate

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ScienceScience andand ExplorationExploration

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How How do do we we identify identify the the best best science science

opportunities opportunities within within exploration? exploration?

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How How do do we we prioritize prioritize these these science science

opportunities opportunities along along with with other other scientific scientific

priorities? priorities?

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How How is is it it best best to to engage engage the the community community in in

answering answering these these questions? questions?

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Audience Audience poll poll question: question:

What What is is your your role role in in Science Science and and

Exploration? Exploration?

(a) (a)

(b) (b)

(c) (c)

(d) (d)

(e) (e)

(f) Other

Other

(f)

Scientist Scientist

Engineer Engineer

Business Business and and Management Management

Educator Educator or or Student Student

Public Public Outreach Outreach

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SettingSetting ScienceScience PrioritiesPriorities

• • NASA NASA sets sets science science

priorities priorities through through

community community input input

– –

– –

– –

National National Academy Academy of of

Sciences Sciences decadal decadal surveys surveys

Community-based Community-based

strategic strategic roadmaps roadmaps

Science Science Plan Plan for for the the

Science Science Mission Mission Directorate Directorate

roadmaps roadmaps Science Science Plan Plan for for the the Science Science Mission Mission Directorate Directorate
roadmaps roadmaps Science Science Plan Plan for for the the Science Science Mission Mission Directorate Directorate

Decadal Survey Scoreboard *

Astrophysics (2001)

JWST

GLAST

SOFIA SIM HST SM-4

Con-X

LISA

TPF

SDO

Planetary Science (2003)

 

Europa

South Pole Moon

Mars Sample

Pluto/Kuiper Belt Venus Explorer MSL

Jupiter Polar Orb

Comet Surface

Mars Network

Heliophysics (2002)

 

Solar Probe MMS Geospace/RBSP

Geospace/ITSP Jupiter Polar Orb Multi Heliospheric

GEC Mag Con Sol Wind Sent

Χ

Χ

Earth Science (Interim; 2005)

 

GPM

Χ

Ocean Vect Winds

Glory

Χ

GIFTS

LDCM

*

Status of prioritized missions in the NASA Science Plan (2006)

in development

future competition or downselect future strategic mission

Χ

not in plan

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ExplorationExploration EnabledEnabled ScienceScience

• • The The Vision Vision for for Space Space Exploration Exploration offers offers

new new opportunities opportunities and and new new obligations obligations

– – Necessary Necessary precursor precursor science science becomes becomes

programmatically programmatically important important

– – New New opportunities opportunities

are are enabled, enabled, must must

be be considered considered

important – – New New opportunities opportunities are are enabled, enabled, must must be be considered

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ContextContext forfor SettingSetting PrioritiesPriorities

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NASA’s NASA’s policy policy is is that that potential potential science science

opportunities opportunities enabled enabled by by human human

exploration exploration must must compete compete in in the the same same

prioritization prioritization process process as as the the rest rest of of the the

NASA NASA science science program, program, since since the the funds funds

• •

come come from from the the same same pool. pool.

Anticipating Anticipating science science opportunities opportunities that that

will will be be enabled enabled by by the the lunar lunar human human

exploration exploration missions, missions, NASA NASA will will be be

evaluating evaluating the the potential potential for for lunar lunar science. science.

Working Working with with the the

Science Science Community Community

• • Science Science community community knows knows how how to to

do do this, this, and and we we will will continue continue to to

work work together together to to realize realize the the best best

science science program program

National National Academy Academy of of Sciences Sciences decadal decadal

surveys surveys have have set set top top level level science science priorities. priorities.

The The exploration exploration program program will will create create new new

opportunities opportunities to to address address them. them.

Working Working with with the the

Science Science Community Community

• • Science Science community community knows knows how how to to

do do this, this, and and we we will will continue continue to to

work work together together to to realize realize the the best best

science science program program

A A NASA-sponsored NASA-sponsored National National Research Research

Council Council study study has has been been initiated initiated on on “The “The

Scientific Scientific Context Context for for Exploration Exploration of of the the

Moon.” Moon.” This This study study will will recommend recommend long long

term term goals, goals, short short term term objectives, objectives, and and

preparatory preparatory activities. activities.

NRC NRC Study Study on on

Lunar Lunar Science Science Priorities Priorities

• • The The Scientific Scientific Context Context for for Exploration Exploration of of

the the Moon Moon – – Interim Interim Report Report

• • Priorities Priorities of of Lunar Lunar Science Science Goals Goals

Fundamental Fundamental Solar Solar System System Science: Science: Origin Origin

of of the the Earth/Moon Earth/Moon system system and and history history of of the the

environment environment at at 1 1 AU AU

Planetary Planetary Processes: Processes: Evolution Evolution of of planetary planetary

bodies bodies in in the the solar solar system system and and history history of of the the

Sun Sun

Other Other Opportunities: Opportunities: Early Early Earth Earth history history and and

possibility possibility of of using using the the Moon Moon as as a a platform platform

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Working Working with with the the

Science Science Community Community

• • Science Science community community knows knows how how to to

do do this, this, and and we we will will continue continue to to

work work together together to to realize realize the the best best

science science program program

The The NASA NASA Advisory Advisory Council Council sponsored sponsored

Workshop Workshop on on Science Science Associated Associated with with the the

Lunar Lunar Exploration Exploration Architecture Architecture will will survey survey

the the current current state state of of the the field field and and identify identify

potential potential opportunities opportunities for for new new science science

investigations. investigations.

NACNAC WorkshopWorkshop

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NASA NASA Advisory Advisory Council Council sponsored sponsored

Workshop Workshop on on Science Science Associated Associated with with

the the Lunar Lunar Exploration Exploration Architecture Architecture

The The Science Science Committee Committee of of the the NAC NAC

announces announces a a workshop workshop of of its its Science Science

Subcommittees Subcommittees to to solicit solicit scientific scientific and and

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technical technical information information relevant relevant to to planning planning

the the science science architecture architecture and and activities activities

associated associated with with lunar lunar exploration. exploration.

Workshop Workshop to to be be held held in in Tempe, Tempe, AZ, AZ, on on

Feb Feb 27 27 - - Mar Mar 2 2

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Working Working with with the the

Science Science Community Community

• • Science Science community community knows knows how how to to

do do this, this, and and we we will will continue continue to to

work work together together to to realize realize the the best best

science science program program

NASA NASA will will continue continue to to openly openly solicit solicit ideas ideas

and and subject subject them them to to competitive competitive peer peer review review

in in order order to to identify identify and and sponsor sponsor meritorious meritorious

and and creative creative investigations investigations

2006: 2006: Lunar Lunar Sortie Sortie Science Science Opportunities Opportunities

(concept (concept studies) studies)

2007: 2007: Lunar Lunar Advanced Advanced Science Science and and

Exploration Exploration Research Research (research (research and and

analysis) analysis)

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WorkingWorking TowardToward thethe FutureFuture

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NASA NASA is is developing developing the the science science

program program as as a a beneficiary beneficiary of of the the human human

exploration exploration program program

There There are are always always constraints constraints

Partnership Partnership with with the the science science

community community is is essential essential

The The science science community community will will help help NASA NASA

make make the the hard hard choices choices to to optimize optimize the the

science science program program within within the the constraints constraints