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Implementing Implementing the the Vision Vision

Space Space Exploration Exploration Conference Conference

Science Enabled by NASA’s Lunar Architecture

2 2

nd nd

Science Enabled by NASA’s Lunar Architecture 2 2 nd nd Laurie Leshin NASA Goddard Space Flight
Science Enabled by NASA’s Lunar Architecture 2 2 nd nd Laurie Leshin NASA Goddard Space Flight
Science Enabled by NASA’s Lunar Architecture 2 2 nd nd Laurie Leshin NASA Goddard Space Flight
Science Enabled by NASA’s Lunar Architecture 2 2 nd nd Laurie Leshin NASA Goddard Space Flight

Laurie Leshin

NASA Goddard Space Flight Center

Lunar Architecture Team Science Capability Focus Element Co-Lead

Lunar Lunar Architecture Architecture Team Team Science Science

Capability Capability Focus Focus Element Element Activities Activities

Objectives from Global Strategy Team

Activities Objectives from Global Strategy Team ALL Science Objectives Each Objective Deconstructed to
Activities Objectives from Global Strategy Team ALL Science Objectives Each Objective Deconstructed to

ALL Science Objectives

from Global Strategy Team ALL Science Objectives Each Objective Deconstructed to Define Needed
from Global Strategy Team ALL Science Objectives Each Objective Deconstructed to Define Needed

Each Objective Deconstructed to Define Needed Capabilities

Objective Deconstructed to Define Needed Capabilities Each Objective Mapped to Architecture for “Goodness of

Each Objective Mapped to Architecture for “Goodness of Fit”

Objective Deconstructed to Define Needed Capabilities Each Objective Mapped to Architecture for “Goodness of Fit”
Objective Deconstructed to Define Needed Capabilities Each Objective Mapped to Architecture for “Goodness of Fit”
Objective Deconstructed to Define Needed Capabilities Each Objective Mapped to Architecture for “Goodness of Fit”
Objective Deconstructed to Define Needed Capabilities Each Objective Mapped to Architecture for “Goodness of Fit”

Science Science Objectives Objectives to to

Architecture Architecture Rating Rating Scheme Scheme

1

1 2 3 4 5

2

1 2 3 4 5

3

1 2 3 4 5

4

1 2 3 4 5

5

Green Green – – objective objective can can be be substantially substantially accomplished accomplished

by by 2025 2025 within within the the current current architecture architecture assuming assuming the the

priority priority and and funding funding are are allocated allocated

Orange Orange – – objective objective will will very very likely likely take take longer longer than than

the the 2025 2025 time time horizon horizon to to accomplish, accomplish, but but could could be be

accomplished accomplished in in an an outpost-based outpost-based architecture architecture

Yellow Yellow – – some some part part of of the the objective objective can can be be

accomplished accomplished within within the the current current architecture architecture by by 2025 2025

Pink Pink – – the the objective objective can can be be accomplished accomplished with with a a

combination combination of of outpost-based outpost-based science science and and robotic robotic

sorties sorties

Red Red – – the the objective objective can can really really only only be be accomplished accomplished

through through addition addition of of human human sorties, sorties, or or some some other other

additional additional capability, capability, to to the the current current architecture architecture

OverallOverall AssessmentAssessment

• •

• •

• •

38 38 out out of of 69 69 rated rated

objectives objectives are are GREEN GREEN

(55%) (55%)

The The NASA NASA Architecture Architecture

provides provides many many

opportunities opportunities for for science! science!

Priorities Priorities must must now now be be

considered considered -- -- we we probably probably

cannot cannot accommodate accommodate all all

GREEN GREEN objectives, objectives, and and

some some YELLOW YELLOW and and PINK PINK

objectives objectives are are likely likely to to be be

of of high high science science priority priority

Integrated Integrated Assessment Assessment of of Objectives Objectives

40 40 1 1 35 35 2 2 30 30 3 3 25 25 4
40
40
1
1
35
35
2
2
30
30
3
3
25
25
4
4
20
20
5
5
15
15
10
10
5
5
0
0
Number Number of of Objectives Objectives

12345 12345

Evaluation Evaluation Category Category

More More on on GREEN GREEN Objectives Objectives

in in Each Each Science Science Area Area

Geology: Geology: Field Field studies studies that that are are either either non-site non-site specific specific

(geologic (geologic process process studies) studies) or or polar-focused polar-focused (volatiles) (volatiles)

Astrophysics: Astrophysics: Small Small telescopes telescopes or or other other limited limited

sensors sensors that that could could be be deployed deployed near near the the outpost outpost site site

Heliophysics: Heliophysics: Relatively Relatively small small sensors sensors that that could could be be

deployed deployed either either robotically robotically (some (some in in orbit) orbit) or or by by humans humans

Earth Earth Observation: Observation: Most Most objectives objectives require require continuous continuous

view view of of Earth Earth – – therefore therefore most most are are not not achievable achievable at at a a

polar polar outpost outpost location location

Environmental Environmental Characterization Characterization and and

Operational Operational Monitoring: Monitoring: Most Most objectives objectives can can be be

accomplished accomplished through through the the robotic robotic program program and/or and/or with with

small small robotic robotic packages packages deployed deployed at at the the outpost outpost site site

Science Science Opportunities Opportunities Beyond Beyond

the the Current Current Architecture Architecture

Yellow objectives typically require geological field work and sampling at the outpost location, PLUS other locations. However, progress can be made at a single location.

However, progress can be made at a single location. Pink objectives typically require deployment of instrument
However, progress can be made at a single location. Pink objectives typically require deployment of instrument

Pink objectives typically require deployment of instrument packages at sites around the Moon, creating a “network” of sensors

SummarySummary

• •

• •

• •

The The LAT LAT Science Science Capability Capability Focus Focus Element Element

deconstructed deconstructed all all science science objectives objectives provided provided by by

the the Global Global Exploration Exploration Strategy Strategy Team Team and and mapped mapped

the the “goodness “goodness of of fit” fit” of of these these objectives objectives onto onto the the

NASA NASA Architecture Architecture

Many Many science science objectives objectives across across multiple multiple

disciplines disciplines can can be be accommodated accommodated within within

the the architecture architecture

This This work work provides provides a a foundation foundation and and possible possible

starting starting point point for for community community science science prioritization prioritization

discussions discussions such such as as that that to to be be held held by by the the NASA NASA

Advisory Advisory Council Council at at their their Feb., Feb., 2007 2007 Workshop Workshop