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J Suitable match for Gursikh boy, 14 Oct, 1987, 6 Ft. good-looking, Non-trimmer with intermediate complexion and
slim physique, B.Sc. in Nursing from RMIIT Uni., Melbourne, Australia. Working as Div. 1 registered nurse in Melbourne,
residing in Melbourne. Australia. Contact : 99154-30553.
J Wanted Amritdhari, well educated girl for 32 years AKJ baptised boy, working at Baru Sahib as lecturer, M.Sc.
Maths, 5'-8", slim. Early and Gursikh Marriage. Contact : 98057-91339
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INDIAN CONSTITUTION AND THE SIKHS!
Nanak Singh Nishter*
At the outset I would like to through majority power. and Municipalities, are reserved for
congratulate the authorities for In the absence of a formal Religious Minorities.
conducting this National Workshop arrangement, an Independent The Slip between the Cup and
on Secularism, Minority Rights Judiciary has acted as a natural the Lip :
and Constitution, and grateful for regulatory mechanism. However it, Eventually, on August 8, 1947,
giving me an opportunity to present like all other important organs of the the Advisory Committee on Minorities
my views. Due to constraint of time, State, has been prevented from recommended certain statutory
I will try to briefly confine myself to playing that role by the same political safeguards. These were
the theme of Sikhs and the Indian communal considerations which have adopted by he Assembly and were
Constitution. distorted the functioning of all other later embodied in Part XIV of the
Ever since the promulgation of organs of the state. Under these Draft Constitution. These included
the present Constitution of India in circumstances the Sikhs firmly reservation of seats in the State and
1950, the Sikhs have viewed it as an believe that they are as much Central Legislatures, reservation to
inadequate document. Indeed, slaves as they were before 1947. services and posts. Appointment of
the Sikh representatives in1950 had In many ways they are much more special officers to look after the
declined to accept the constitution slaves than they have ever been in minorities was provided for. The key
and had refused to sign the original the five hundred years of their to failure of the Constitution of 1950
constitutioinal document. Views of existence. has its roots to non-adherence to this
the Sikhs were not heeded to, The Remedy : proposal.
because of the wrong conception of This is possibly only if the On the 9th December 1946, at
secularism and the erroneous Constitution of 1950 is throughly the first meeting of the Constituent
appreciation of the concept of revised. The revised constitution must Assembly, the first and the
majority rule. conform to the promised freely and fundamental Resolution in which it
Role of the Judiciary : solemnly made, generally to the was said : adequate safeguards
No Constitution can achieve its minorities in the policy statements of would be provided for
declared aims, or cherished ideals, the Indian National Congress and minorities....It was a declaration,
if it has no crisis managment particularly made to the Sikhs from a pledge and an undertaking
machinery or control mechanism, to 1929 to August 8, 1947. before the world, a contract with
exercise checks and balances in The basic principles on which the millions of Indians, and, therefore,
respect of those who would impose Constitution was to be drafted were in the nature of an oath, which we
the culture of the majority on others defined as federation, safeguards must keep.
through the use of the infinite power and reservations for minorities. It But it was missing in the present
of the modern state. These are finally failed to take off because of Constitution Act of India when
notoriously missing from the indian lack of agreement on protection to enacted in 1950. Upon this the
Constitution which is necessary to minorities. But Indian Constitution is representatives of the Sikhs said
protect minorities from unrestricted lacking any such provisions. that, The Sikhs do not accept this
and tyrannical use of the democratic Whereas in United States of America, Constitution : the Sikhs reject this
principle, expressing itself solely Ethnic Minorities are provided Constitution Act and declined to
reservation of sets in admissions of append their signatures to the official
* A Presentation at the National
all educational institutions. Even in copy of the Constitutional Act.
Workship on Secularism,
Minority Rights & Constitution. the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, There were two Sikh
Email: nanaksinghnishter@yahoo.com election constituencies for representatives in the Constituent
Mob. : 098483-53105 Parliament, Legislative Assemblies Assembly of India which framed

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Constitution. Both the Sikhs members Hindus. The only guarantee granted Prophet the Sikh Scripture, that is,
refused to sign the Draft Constitution by the Constituent Assembly to the Sri Guru Granth Sahib, categorically
on the plea that Article 25 is anti- Sikhs was the right to wear and carry declares that Sikhs are not Hindus.
Sikh, unjust and communal. Despite Kirpans. This right is Explanation 2 When there is a written declaration
this democratic protest this of Article 25 of the Indian Constitution. by the Prophet that Sikhs are not
contentious article was adopted. As Through executive fiat, the Indian Hindus, the politicians have no
a democratic protest Sikh politicians government has attempted to bar right or jurisdiction to classify
publically burnt the anti-Sikh portion Sikhs carrying Kirpans from time to Sikhs as Hindus. This is a case of
of the Constitution. Rulers have not time. naked interference in the religious
cared for logic and reason. Sikhs The Government of India affairs of the Sikhs with the intention
continued protesting against this non- constituted a Constitutional to annihilate Sikhism. This is a clear
secular and unjust law. Review Committee headed by case of bankruptcy of Indian
The reason for this was : First Justice Venkata Chaliah for secularism.
denying the assurances given to recommending amendments in Thus, Sikhism and the Sikhs form
the minorities and Secondly Article Cosntitution of India. Constitution a unique religion and a unique
25 of the Indian constitution that Review Committee thoroughly society, which-and who-can be clarly
states : In sub-clause (b) of studied the issue and accepted distinguished from the other religious
clause (2), the reference to Hindus the just and logical demand of the and political societies of the world.
shall be construed as including a Sikhs to amend Article 25. The At present in view of the Constitution
reference to persons professing Constitutional Review Committee of India, for all legal purposes, Sikhs
the Sikhs, Jain or Buddhist recommended deletion of are being treated as Hindus,
religion, and the reference to explanation II of Article 25 which whereas Muslims, Parsis, and Jews
Hindu religious institutions shall is controversial portion of Article are taken as independent religions!
be construed accordingly. 25. This recommendation for All right thinking people are
All along in the last six decades, amending Article 25 has been requested to un-do the injustice, and
Sikhs have protested against this lying with the Prime Ministers help build opinion for early
text and have sought that this article Office for over a decade. amendment of Article 25.
be removed because this means that It is worth noting that all the Ten (Couresty : The Sikh Review,
for practical purposes Sikhs are Sikh Gurus (Prophet), the present April, 2015)

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