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# Marking scheme BFC14003 Final Exam [Set A] Semester I, 2013/2014

## M method, A answer, T true, D - diagram Marks Total

5 5 1
Q1(a) 2n 2 n
n 1 n 1
(i)
1

n 1 n
is harmonic series and always diverges. M1

## Therefore, the series is diverges. A1

3n a
Q1(a) Use ratio test, an , lim n 1 M1
n! n an
(ii)
3n 1
(n 1)!
lim
n 3n
n!
n 1
3 n!
lim M1
n ( n 1)! 3n

3
lim
n n 1

0 1 A1
Since 1 , the series is converges.
25
n
x
Q1(b) n
n 1
2
, Ratio test for absolute convergence M1
an 1
lim
n an
x n 1
(n 1) 2
lim
n
xn M1
n2
x n 1 n 2
lim
n (n 1) 2 x n
n2
x lim
n n 2 2n 1
x A1

## For the series to be converges, 1 , hence

x 1 1 x 1 A1
Marking scheme BFC14003 Final Exam [Set A] Semester I, 2013/2014

## M method, A answer, T true, D - diagram Marks Total

Check the convergence at the endpoint M1
x 1 ,

(1) n
n 1 n
2
is alternating series M1
1 1 1
(1) an 2 , a1 1 a2 a3
n 4 9
1
(2) lim an lim 2 0
n n n

## Condition (1) and (2) are satisfied, the series is converges. A1

x 1,

1n 1
n 1 n
2

n 1 n
2
is p series with p 2 1 M1
A1
The series is converges.

## Since series is converges at both endpoints, interval of convergence is

A1A1
1 x 1 with radius 1.
f ( x) sin x f (0) 0
Q1(c)
f ( x) cos x f (0) 1
f ( x) sin x f (0) 0
f ( x) cos x f (0) 1
M1
f (4) ( x) sin x f (4) (0) 0 A1A1
f (5) ( x) cos x f (5) (0) 1
f (6) ( x) sin x f (6) (0) 0
f (7) ( x) cos x f (7) (0) 1
Maclaurin series
1 3 1 5 1 7
sin x x x x x M1
3! 5! 7!
x3 x5 x7 A1
x
6 120 5040
2 2 ( x 2 )3 ( x 2 )5 ( x 2 ) 7
1 1
2 2
2sin x dx 2 x dx M1
6 120 5040
2 x 6 x10 x14
2 x 2
dx A1
1 6 120 5040
2
x3 x 7 x11 x15 M1
2
3 42 (120)(11) (5040)(15) 1
2(0.737 0.310)
0.854 A1
Marking scheme BFC14003 Final Exam [Set A] Semester I, 2013/2014

f(x)
Q2(a) M1
A1-2x
x A1 2x
-3 -2 -1 1 2 3
D1

## Q2(b) Since f ( x) is symmetrical about the y-axis M1

f ( x) is even function. A1

Fourier series, L = 1 A1
Q2(c)
1
f ( x) a0 an cos(n x) bn sin(n x)
2 n 1 n 1
where
1
a0 f ( x) dx
1
1
an f ( x) cos(n x) dx
1

## bn 0 (because f ( x) is even function) M1A1

25
1
a0 f ( x) dx
1 M1
0 1
2 x dx 2 x dx
1 0
1
2 2 x dx A1
0
1
M1
2 x2
0
A1
2

1
an f ( x) cos(n x) dx M1
1
0 1
2 x cos(n x) dx 2 x cos(n x) dx
1 0
1 M1
2 2 x cos(n x) dx A1
0
1
4 x cos(n x) dx
0
Marking scheme BFC14003 Final Exam [Set A] Semester I, 2013/2014

## M method, A answer, T true, D - diagram Marks Total

D I
x cos(n x) M1
1 sin(n x) A1
n
cos(n x)
0
n2 2
1
sin(n x) cos(n x) M1
4 x
n n2 2 0

sin(n ) cos(n ) 1
4 2 2 2 2
n n n A1
sin(n ) is always 0 when n 1, 2,3, M1
cos(n ) 1
4 2 2 2 2
A1
n n
Therefore
1
cos(n ) 1
f ( x) (2) 4 2 2 2 2
M1
cos(n x)
n 1 n n
2 M1-
simplify
4 cos(n ) 1

1 2 cos(n x)
n 1 n2 A1
Marking scheme BFC14003 Final Exam [Set A] Semester I, 2013/2014

## M method, A answer, T true, D - diagram Marks Total

Q3(a) dy x3 y3
(i) f ( x, y )
dx xy 2
3
x3 3
y3 M1
f ( x, y ) 2
x y2
3
( x3 y3 )
3
A1
xy 2
x3 y3
f ( x, y )
xy 2
A1
Since f ( x, y) f ( x, y) , the equation is homogeneous

Q3(a) dy dv
Let y vx, v x , substitute into the differential equation
(ii) dx dx M1
3 3
dv x (vx)
v x
dx x(vx) 2 A1
3 3 3
x v x
v x32

dv 1 v3
x v 25
dx v2 A1
1 v3 v3
v2
1
v2
A1
1
v 2 dv dx
x M1
v3
ln | x | A A1
3
3
y
x M1
ln | x | A
3 A1
x3 y 4x2 y e x

Q3(b)
Rewritten
4x2 e x A1
y y
x3 x3
4 e x
y y
x x3
Marking scheme BFC14003 Final Exam [Set A] Semester I, 2013/2014

## M method, A answer, T true, D - diagram Marks Total

4 e x A1
p ,q
x x3
Integrating factor M1
p dx
e
4
dx
x
e
e 4 ln x
4
M1
eln x A1
x4
y q dx M1
e x
x4 y x4 dx
x3
xe x
dx A1

D I
M1
x e x A1
1 e x
0 e x
x x
xe e A A1

x4 y xe x e x A
y(0) 1 M1
0 1 A
A1
A 1 A1

## Therefore the solution is

x4 y xe x e x 1 A1
Marking scheme BFC14003 Final Exam [Set A] Semester I, 2013/2014

## M method, A answer, T true, D - diagram Marks Total

Q4(a) d2y dy
9 2 6 16 y 0
dx dx
9m 2 6m 16 0 M1A1
m1 0.333 1.291i M1
m2 0.333 1.291i A1
This is case 3: Complex roots A1
Hence, general solution is
M1
y e0.333 x ( A cos (1.291x) B sin (1.291x))
A1A1

Q4(b) Consider
(i) y 2y y 0 M1
m2 2m 1 0
M1
m 1
yc Ae x Bxe x
A1
y1 e x and y2 xe x

25
Q4(b) y1 e x , y2 xe x , y1 e x , y2 ex xe x M1A1
(ii)
W y1 y2 y2 y1 e2 x xe 2 x xe 2 x e2 x A1
ex
a 1, f ( x)
1 x2
Then
y2 f ( x )
u dx
aW
M1
x ex
xe
1 x 2 dx
e2 x A1
xe 2 x
dx
(1 x 2 )e 2 x
M1
x 2 du
dx u 1 x , dx
1 x2 2x
x du M1
u 2x
Marking scheme BFC14003 Final Exam [Set A] Semester I, 2013/2014

## M method, A answer, T true, D - diagram Marks Total

1
ln u A
2
1
ln 1 x 2 A1
2

y1 f ( x) M1
v dx
aW
ex A1
ex
1 x 2 dx
e2 x
M1
e2 x
dx
(1 x 2 )e 2 x
1
dx
1 x2
A1
tan 1 x

1 x A1
yp e ln 1 x 2 xe2 x tan 1 x
2
Therefore, the general solution is
1 x
y Ae x Bxe x e ln 1 x 2 xe2 x tan 1
x A1
2
Marking scheme BFC14003 Final Exam [Set A] Semester I, 2013/2014

## M method, A answer, T true, D - diagram Marks Total

Q5(a) 6 s
(i) {t 3 cosh 3t} A1
s4 s 2
3

Q5(a) 2
(ii) Let f (t ) sin 2t , F ( s) 2
s 4
d 2
{t sin 2t} 2
M1
ds s 4
4s A1
2
(s 4) 2

2 3s 1
Q5(b) F (s)
s4 s 2
4s 20
3!
2
1 2 1 3! 1 3 M1A1
t
s4 s 3 1
3

1 3s 1 1 3s 1
s2
4 s 20 (s 2) 2 4 20 25

1 3s 1
M1
( s 2) 2 16
3( s 2 2) 1 A1
1

(s 2) 2 16
1 3( s 2) 7 M1
( s 2) 2 16
4
7
1 3( s 2) 4
( s 2) 2 42 (s 2) 2 42

M1
1 3( s 2) 7 4
( s 2) 2 42 4 (s 2) 2 42
7 2t
3e 2t cos 4t e sin 4t A1
4
Therefore
1 1 3 7 2t A1
F ( s) t 3e2t cos 4t e sin 4t
3 4
Marking scheme BFC14003 Final Exam [Set A] Semester I, 2013/2014

## Q5(c) y 2y 2y H (t 3), y (0) 0, y (0) 0

3s
2 e
s Y (s) sy (0) y (0) 3 sY ( s ) y (0) 2Y ( s) M1A1
s
3s
e A1
s 2Y ( s ) 3sY ( s ) 2Y ( s)
s
3s
e
Y ( s) s 2 3s 2 M1
s
3s
e
Y ( s)
s s2 3s 2
e 3s M1A1
s ( s 2)( s 1)
Partial fraction
1 A B C
M1
s ( s 1)( s 2) s ( s 1) ( s 2)
1 A( s 1)( s 2) Bs ( s 2) Cs ( s 1)
M1
s 0; s 1; s 2;
1 2A 1 B 1 2C A1
A1
1 B 1 1 A1
A C
2 2
Then
3s 1 1 1
Y ( s) e M1
2s (s 1) 2( s 2)
1
y (t ) Y ( s) M1
1 ( t 3) 1 2( t 3)
e e H (t 3) A1
2 2