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()

) Electrical Light Sources ( lamps

( :) Incandescence
( ) .

( : )Electro Luminescence
.

( :)Fluorescence
.

- 1

- 2

- 3

- 4

- 5 ( )

- 1 Incandescent Lamps :
:

:

- 1 .

- 2 ( )1500 1000 .

- 3 )20 -10( lm/w

( )10% ( )%90

1
. .

- 4 .

( .)Transformer

- 7 15w 200w .

2
. .

:

.

( ).

.
:

-2
3
. .

( )Fluorescent :
Lamps


( Ultra
)violet :

6000 4000

60 lm/w

Ballast
Starter Capacitor

){(40w 20w }38mm

){(36w - 18w } 26mm

4
. .


( .... - )


.

5
. .

6
. .

- 3 :
High Pressure Mercury Lamps

:

24000 h 16000 h

40 60 lm /w

40

) 4 7 (

( )3-7

( )1.5 .

( ) mm

50 W 55

80 W 70

125 W 75

250 W 90

400 W 120

700 W 150

1000 W 165

2000 W 185

7
. .

( )

( )30 50 .

1 .

2 .

3 .

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. .

- 4 :
)Low Pressure Sodium Vapor Lamps ( LPSV

.


U
( )0.003 )N/m2 (
( 1% 99% ) ( )1 -10 .

8000

100 180 lm / w .

( )- 45

.

10
.

1.7
550 V

9
. .

- 5 :
)High Pressure Sodium Vapor Lamps ( HPSV



)60 ( (

10
. .

)
.

()2400 h

) 70 130 Lm/W (
.

()23

( )4 - 6
)6 (
.

)1.6( .

( )
.
.

11
. .

Metal Halide Lamps - 6 :


.

5000

90 lm /w

)3 - 5( (. )700V

12
. .

:
.

( )w ( )mm

250 400 10 ( -)

1000 - 2000 50

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. .

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. .


General Color Rendering Index
( ) :

1 ( )

2 .

3


.


( )100 .

15
. .