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Nama

Ahmad Ibnu 'Alwany

Kelas

D3 ME B

Nrp

315030040

referensi

Sv.Aa.Harvald, Resistance and Propulsion of ship

David G.M. Watson, Practical Ship Design.

Tugas Perhitungan Tahanan Kapal (metode Guldhammer and

I.Data Kapal

Dimension

Coofisien

Tipe kapal

A.H.T

Cb

0.537

Lpp

43.6 meter

Cbwl

0.554

Lwl

48.6 meter

Cp

0.687

B

12.6 meter

Cwp

0.84

H

5.75 meter

ρ air laut

1.025

T

4.5 meter

g

9.81

Vs

14 knot

=

7.20216 m/s

  • 1. Menghitung L displacement

6. Menghitung nila

=

1/2*(Lpp+Lwl)

=

=

46.1 meter

=

151.246724 feet

=

("Sv.Aa.Harvald,5.5.10, Resistance and Propulsion of ship". Page.117)

  • 2. Menghitung Speed Length Ratio

=

7. Menghitung Rey

Vs/√Ldisp

=

=

0.585625227

=

(Handout mata kuliah Tahanan dan propulsi kapal)

  • 3. Menghitung Volume displacement (▼)

8. Menghitung Koo

=

Cb x Lwl x B x T

=

=

1479.76794

=

(Handout mata Teknik Bangunan Kapal)

  • 4. Menghitung Berat displacement (▲)

9. Menghitung Koo

=

▼x ρ air laut

=

=

1516.762139

=

(Handout mata Teknik Bangunan Kapal)

  • 5. Menghitung Luas Permukaan Basah (S)

  • 9.1 Interpolasi Dia

=

ρ air laut x Lpp((CbxB)+(1.7*T))

= ρ air laut x Lpp((CbxB)+(1.7*T))

=

644.259978 m^2

("Sv.Aa.Harvald,5.5.31, Resistance and

4.00

Propulsion of ship". Page.131)

4.27

 

4.50

("Sv.Aa.Harvald,5.5.

  • 10. Menghitung Ko

Penentuan LCB nor

Page.128)

%LCB standard = LCB kapal =

koreksi terhadap h

12. Menghitung Ko

Power and Propulsion of Ship

1. Menghitung Efective Horse Power (EHP) =

EHP (PE)

RT dinas x v

 

=

334.1918079 kW

=

448.1585193 HP

2.
2.

Menghitung Wake fraction (w) Menghitung koofisien viskositas (Cv)

Cv

=

(1 + k)CF + CA

=

0.003690224

w

=

0.3095 x CB + [(10 x CV x CB ) - (0

=

0.071276058

 

("Edward V. Lewis.5

  • 3. Menghitung Thurst Deduction fraction (t)

t

k x w = 0.057020847

=

 

("Edward V. Lewis.4

 

t ( untuk twin screw)

=

0.325 x CB - (0.188

=

0.1069348221

("Edward V. Lewis.5

  • 4. Menghitung Speed of Advance (Va)

Va = = = (1-w) Vs 6.688818424 m/s 13.00213518 knot
Va
=
=
=
(1-w) Vs
6.688818424 m/s
13.00213518 knot

additional

calculation of wake factor (wf)

wf = = 1.06 x - (0,4 x Cb) 0.227688 (for twin screw) ("Dave Gerr, Propel
wf
=
=
1.06 x - (0,4 x Cb)
0.227688 (for twin screw)
("Dave Gerr, Propel

Determine of "n (rpm)" value

; Edward V. Lewis. Principles of Naval Architecture ; Dave Gerr,Propeller Handbook.

Harvald)

 

viskositas air laut

8.847E-007

 
 
 

ρ air udara (27^0 Celsius)

0.0012

 
 
 

Luas kompartemen bagian depan

 

32.295827665 m^2

m2/s

(metod

   

5.2110734958

2659.2

6417.91

17.066506272

i Froude Number (Fn)

1572.21

6372.08

10.018247897

Vs/√g x Lwl

0.3298451684

 

("Sv.Aa.Harvald,5.5.9, Resistance and Propulsion of ship". Page.116)

nold Number (Rn)

Vs x Lwl/vk

395642563.580875

 

(Edward V. Lewis. Principles of Naval Architecture, page 57)

 

fisien Gesek (Cf)

 

0,075/(logRn-2)^2

0.0017231711

("Sv.Aa.Harvald,5.5.14, Resistance and Propulsion of ship". Page.117) fisien Tahanan Sisa (Cr)

Lwl/▼^0,333

4.2648629048

 

("Sv.Aa.Harvald, Resistance and Propulsion of ship". Page.120-128)

gram

 

10³Cr1

=

1.411

10³Cr

Cr1

=

0.001411

1.60

 

1.41

 

Figure 5.5.5

1.25

1.25

24, Resistance and Propulsion of ship". Page.130)

 

reksi B/T

B/T

=

2.8

10³Cr2

=

10³Cr1−0,16x(B/T−2,5)

10³Cr2

=

1.363

Cr2

=

0.001363

reksi Cr terhadap LCB

LCB

=

(8,80-38,9 x Fn)/100

=

-0.0403097705 meter

=

0.0403097705 meter

(dibelakang Φ)

mal dengan grafik LCB Standart yang ada di ebook ("Sv.Aa.Harvald ,5.5.15 , Resistance and Propuls

 

0.55

LCB standard =

-2.2170373785

-0.005495969 %

 

(dibelakang Φ Kapal)

=

arga Cr

∆LCB

0.0065301828

10³Crstandard =

-0.0022170374

10³Cr3

=

-0.0087472202

Cr3

=

-8.74722020E-006

reksi Cr karena adanya anggota badan kapal

10³Cr4

=

10³Cr2 + (0.05 x 10³Cr2)

 

Cr4

=

0.00143115

Cr total

=

4.196402780E-006

 

k

=

0.7 - 0.9

(twin screw)

("Edward V. Lewis. Principles of Naval

k

=

0.8

D

=

2.7 meter

1 kW

=

1.34102 HP

1 HP

=

0.7457 kW

Pitch

=

0.7

("Sv.Aa.Harvald, 6.2.1, Resistance and Propulsion of ship". Page.133)

("Edward V. Lewis. Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, page 162")

.32 x D/√B x T)]

2, Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, page 163")

7, Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, page 159")

5 x D/√B x T)

2, Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, page 163")

("Edward V. Lewis, Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, fig.21, page 161")

ler Handbook, formula 6-4a, b, page 69.")

(" Edward V. Lewis. Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, page 162") .32 x D/√B x T)]

163.877958

e autocad)

Vs

Rt sea margin

14

46.4016083879

15

61.8261699451

16

59.8369057206

17

67.1634123084

18

74.8931567661

19

83.0243071238

20

91.5551471315

  • 13. Menghitung Koofisien Tahanan Tambahan (Ca) Dari perhitungan awal diperoleh displasmen kapal sebesar jika melihat daftar pada "Sv.Aa.Harvald, Resistance and Propulsi adalah sebagai berikut :

Interpolasi Ca

 

=

1000

ton,

Ca

=

=

1516.7621385

ton,

Ca

=

=

10000

ton,

Ca

=

=

100000

ton,

Ca

=

=

1000000

ton,

Ca

=

  • 14. Menghitung Koofisien Tahanan Udara dan Kemudi koofisien tahanan udara

163.877958 e autocad ) Vs Rt sea margin 14 46.4016083879 15 61.8261699451 16 59.8369057206 17 67.1634123084

10³CAA

CAA

=

=

0.07

0.00007

koofisien tahanan kemudi 10³CAS = =

CAS

0.04

0.00004

  • 15. TAHANAN TOTAL KAPAL

Koofisien tahanan total di air

("Sv.Aa.Harvald ,5.5.2

("Sv.Aa.Harvald ,5.5.2

CT

=

CF

+ CR + CA + CAS

CT

=

0.0023558839

Koofisien tahanan total di udara =

CT

0.00007

Tahanan Total (RT)

("Sv.Aa.Harvald ,5.5.2

 

RT air

=

CT x (0.5 x ρ x v^2 x S)

RT air

=

  • 40.3491543258 kN

RT udara

=

CT udara x 0.5 x ρ udara x v^2 x luasan komparteme

ion of ship".

RT udara

=

7.03592562E-005 kN

RT Total

=

RT udara + RT udara

 

=

  • 40.3492246851 kN

 

Tahanan Total kondisi pelayaran dinas

RT dinas

=

RT Total + (15%RT Total)

=

  • 46.4016083879 kN

("Sv.Aa.Harvald ,5.5.2

Architecture Vol.2, page 160")

Interpolasi nilai w

Cb

w (twin screw)

0.5

-0.038

0.537

-0.02542

0.55

-0.021

("Edward V. Lewis. Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, page 158")

Interpolasi nilai w Cb w (twin screw) 0.5 -0.038 0.537 -0.02542 0.55 -0.021 (" Edward V.

Service Speed (knot) vs Ship Resistance (kN)

100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 13 14 15 16 17
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
= on of ship". Page.292 (9.5.1) 0.0006 0.000588516 0.0004 0 -0.0006
=
on of ship". Page.292 (9.5.1)
0.0006
0.000588516
0.0004
0
-0.0006

1516.762139 ton

  • 6 , Resistance and Propulsion of ship". Page.130)

  • 7 , Resistance and Propulsion of ship". Page.130)

  • 9 , Resistance and Propulsion of ship". Page.131)

n bagian depan

8 , Resistance and Propulsion of ship". Page.131)

5. Menghitung Efisiensi propulsif

5.1 efisiensi relative rotative (ηrr)

ηrr

=

0.9737+0.111 (Cp-0.0255LCB)+(-0.06325 P/D)

=

1.04353827

("Edward V. Lewis.52, Principles of Naval

  • 5.2 efisiensi Open Water (ηo)

ηo

=

0.7

 

("Edward V. Lewis, Principles of Naval Arc

  • 5.3 efisiensi Hull (ηH) ηH

=

(1 - t)/(1 - w)

=

0.961604561

("Edward V. Lewis, Principles of Naval Arc

  • 5.4 Menghitung Koofisien propulsif (Pc)

Pc

=

ηrr

x ηo x ηH

=

0.702429812

("Edward V. Lewis, Principles of Naval Arc

  • 6. Menghitung Delivered Horse Power (DHP)

DHP

=

EHP/ηp

=

613.5150715 HP

("Edward V. Lewis, Principles of Naval Arc

  • 7. Menghitung Thrust Horse Power (THP)

THP

=

EHP/ηH

=

466.0528222 HP

("Edward V. Lewis, Principles of Naval Arc

  • 8. Menghitung Shaft Horse Power (SHP)

SHP

=

DHP/ηs ηb

ηb

=

ηRR x ηo

=

823.0853866 HP

("Edward V. Lewis, Principles of Naval Arc

=

613.7747728 kW

9. Menghitung Power Main Engine

 

BHP Scr

=

SHP/ηG

 

=

839.8830476 HP

 
 

BHP Mcr

=

BHP Scr /0.8

 

=

988.097703 HP

=

736.8244571 kW

BHP

>

SHP

>

DHP

>

THP

>

EHP

988.097703 823.0853866 613.5150715 466.0528222 448.1585193

20 21
20
21

ηp

=

0.7304767888

hitecture Vol.2, page 152")

hitecture Vol.2, page 156")

hitecture Vol.2, page 152")

hitecture Vol.2, page 120")

hitecture Vol.2, page 120")

0.7304767888

ηs

=

hitecture Vol.2, page 120")

0.98

T(thrust) =

=

EHP/(1-t) x Vs

3614.192381

ηG

=

0.98 (assumption)

Interpolation of Pitch Ratio value

Speed (knot)

Pitch Ratio (P/D)

10

0.85

14

0.898

 

22.5

1

P/D

=

0.85 + [(1-0.85)/(22.5-10)] x (14-10)

0.898

“Dave Gerr, Propeller Handbook, chart 5-4, Optimum Pi

22.5 1 P/D = 0.85 + [(1-0.85)/(22.5-10)] x (14-10) 0.898 “Dave Gerr, Propeller Handbook, chart 5-4,

tch Ratio, on page 55”

tch Ratio, on page 55”

product

Engine Brand

Engine Model

Engine Serial

Engine arrangement

Power Output

N

Manufacture date

Governor

Condition

 

Description

Air Cleaner

Fly wheel housing size

Cooling

Alternator

Starter

Tier rating

 

Carterpillar

3508B

7SM00101

100-8316

2 x 500 HP

1600 rpm

1997

Electronic

High Hour Runner

 
 

Dry type

SAE0

Keel Cooled

  • 24 volt Alternator

  • 24 volt Electric Starter

1

Nama

Ahmad Ibnu 'Alwany

Kelas

D3 ME B

Nrp

315030040

referensi

Sv.Aa.Harvald, Resistance and Propulsion of ship David G.M. Watson, Practical Ship Design.

Tugas Perhitungan Tahanan Kapal (metode Guldhammer and

I.Data Kapal

Dimension

Coofisien

Tipe kapal

A.H.T

Cb

0.72

Lpp

77.966 meter

Cbwl

Lwl

79.525 meter

Cp

0.725

B

12.6 meter

Cwp

H

6.4 meter

ρ air laut

1.025

T

5.4 meter

g

9.81

Vs

11 knot

=

5.65884 m/s

  • 1. Menghitung L displacement

6. Menghitung nila

=

1/2*(Lpp+Lwl)

=

=

78.7455 meter

=

258.35138622 feet

=

("Sv.Aa.Harvald,5.5.10, Resistance and Propulsion of ship". Page.117)

  • 2. Menghitung Speed Length Ratio

=

7. Menghitung Rey

Vs/√Ldisp

=

=

0.352064322

=

(Handout mata kuliah Tahanan dan propulsi kapal)

  • 3. Menghitung Volume displacement (▼)

8. Menghitung Koo

=

Cb x Lwl x B x T

=

=

3895.83432

=

(Handout mata Teknik Bangunan Kapal)

  • 4. Menghitung Berat displacement (▲)

9. Menghitung Koo

=

▼x ρ air laut

=

=

3993.230178

=

(Handout mata Teknik Bangunan Kapal)

  • 5. Menghitung Luas Permukaan Basah (S)

9.1 Interpolasi Dia

=

ρ air laut x Lpp((CbxB)+(1.7*T))

= ρ air laut x Lpp((CbxB)+(1.7*T))

=

1458.611318 m^2

("Sv.Aa.Harvald,5.5.31, Resistance and

5.00

Propulsion of ship". Page.131)

5.21

 

5.50

("Sv.Aa.Harvald,5.5.

10. Menghitung Ko

11.

Menghitung Ko

Penentuan LCB nor

Page.128)

%LCB standard = LCB kapal =

koreksi terhadap h

  • 12. Menghitung Ko

Power and Propulsion of Ship

  • 1. Menghitung Efective Horse Power (EHP) =

EHP (PE)

RT dinas x v

 

=

349.8644035 kW

=

469.1758127 HP

  • 2. Menghitung Wake fraction (w) Menghitung koofisien viskositas (Cv)

Cv

=

(1 + k)CF + CA

=

0.003868576

w

=

0.3095 x CB + [(10 x CV x CB ) - (0

=

0.012950466

 

("Edward V. Lewis.5

  • 3. Menghitung Thurst Deduction fraction (t) =

t

k x w = 0.012950466

("Edward V. Lewis.4

t ( untuk twin screw)

=

0.325 x CB - (0.188

=

0.0720132302

("Edward V. Lewis.5

  • 4. Menghitung Speed of Advance (Va)

Va = = = (1-w) Vs 5.585555385 m/s 10.85754487 knot
Va
=
=
=
(1-w) Vs
5.585555385 m/s
10.85754487 knot

additional

calculation of wake factor (wf)

wf

=

=

1.11 x - (0,4 x Cb) 0.31968 (for twin screw) ("Dave Gerr, Propel

Determine of "n (rpm)" value

Determine of "n (rpm)" value

; Edward V. Lewis. Principles of Naval Architecture ; Dave Gerr,Propeller Handbook.

Harvald)

 

viskositas air laut

8.847E-007

 
 
 

ρ air udara (27^0 Celsius)

0.0012

 
 
 

Luas kompartemen bagian depan

 

32.295827665 m^2

 

m2/s

(metode autocad)

   

5.2110734958

2659.2

6417.91

17.066506272

i Froude Number (Fn)

1572.21

6372.08

10.018247897

Vs/√g x Lwl

0.2026007609

("Sv.Aa.Harvald,5.5.9, Resistance and Propulsion of ship". Page.116)

nold Number (Rn)

Vs x Lwl/vk

508668758.901322

(Edward V. Lewis. Principles of Naval Architecture, page 57)

fisien Gesek (Cf)

0,075/(logRn-2)^2

0.001667546
0.001667546

("Sv.Aa.Harvald,5.5.14, Resistance and Propulsion of ship". Page.117) fisien Tahanan Sisa (Cr)

Lwl/▼^0,333

5.0540189197

 

("Sv.Aa.Harvald, Resistance and Propulsion of ship". Page.120-128)

gram

 

10³Cr1

=

1.5706

10³Cr

Cr1

=

0.0015706

0.87

 

0.84

0.80

24, Resistance and Propulsion of ship". Page.130)

reksi B/T

B/T

=

2.3333333333

10³Cr2

=

10³Cr1−0,16x(B/T−2,5)

10³Cr2

=

1.5972666667

Cr2

=

0.0015972667

Figure 5.5.5

; Edward V. Lewis. Principles of Naval Architecture ; Dave Gerr,Propeller Handbook. Harvald) viskositas air laut

reksi Cr terhadap LCB

LCB

=

(8,80-38,9 x Fn)/100

=

0.009188304 meter

=

0.009188304 meter

(didepan Φ)

reksi Cr terhadap LCB LCB = (8,80-38,9 x Fn)/100 = 0.009188304 meter = 0.009188304 meter (didepan

mal dengan grafik LCB Standart yang ada di ebook ("Sv.Aa.Harvald ,5.5.15 , Resistance and Propulsion of ship".

 

0.65

LCB standard =

0.5972397601

0.000091883 %

 

(didepan Φ Kapal)

=

arga Cr

∆LCB

-0.0011761029

10³Crstandard =

0.0005972398

10³Cr3

=

0.0017733427

Cr3

=

1.773342672E-006

reksi Cr karena adanya anggota badan kapal

10³Cr4

=

10³Cr2 + (0.05 x 10³Cr2)

Cr4

=

0.00167713

Cr total

=

4.846770009E-006

 

k

=

0.9 - 1,05

(twin screw)

("Edward V. Lewis. Principles of Naval Architecture

k

=

1

D

=

4.095 meter

1 kW

=

1.34102 HP

1 HP

=

0.7457 kW

Pitch

=

0.7

("Sv.Aa.Harvald, 6.2.1, Resistance and Propulsion of ship". Page.133)

("Edward V. Lewis. Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, page 162")

.32 x D/√B x T)]

2, Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, page 163")

7, Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, page 159")

5 x D/√B x T)

2, Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, page 163")

Interpolasi n Cb 0.5 0.537 0.55
Interpolasi n
Cb
0.5
0.537
0.55

("Edward V. L

Pitch = 0.7 (" Sv.Aa.Harvald, 6.2.1, Resistance and Propulsion of ship". Page.133) (" Edward V. Lewis.

("Edward V. Lewis, Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, fig.21, page 161")

163.877958

  • 13. Menghitung Koofisien Tahanan Tambahan (Ca) Dari perhitungan awal diperoleh displasmen kapal sebesar

=

jika melihat daftar pada "Sv.Aa.Harvald, Resistance and Propulsion of ship". Pa

adalah sebagai berikut :

Interpolasi Ca

 

=

1000

ton,

Ca

=

0.0006

=

3993.230178

ton,

Ca

=

0.000533484

=

10000

ton,

Ca

=

0.0004

=

100000

ton,

Ca

=

0

=

1000000

ton,

Ca

=

-0.0006

  • 14. Menghitung Koofisien Tahanan Udara dan Kemudi koofisien tahanan udara

10³CAA =

0.07

CAA

=

0.00007

("Sv.Aa.Harvald ,5.5.26 , Resistance

koofisien tahanan kemudi 10³CAS = =

CAS

0.04

0.00004

("Sv.Aa.Harvald ,5.5.27 , Resistance

  • 15. TAHANAN TOTAL KAPAL

Koofisien tahanan total di air

CT

=

CF + CR + CA + CAS

CT

=

0.0022458765

Koofisien tahanan total di udara

("Sv.Aa.Harvald ,5.5.29 , Resistance

CT

=

0.00007

Tahanan Total (RT) =

RT air

CT x (0.5 x ρ x v^2 x S)

RT air

=

  • 53.7618434727 kN

RT udara

=

CT udara x 0.5 x ρ udara x v^2 x luasan kompartemen bagian depan

RT udara

=

4.34360714E-005 kN

RT Total

=

RT udara + RT udara

=

  • 53.7618869088 kN

 

Tahanan Total kondisi pelayaran dinas

RT dinas

=

=

RT Total + (15%RT Total)

  • 61.8261699451 kN

("Sv.Aa.Harvald ,5.5.28 , Resistance

5.

Menghitun

ilai w

w (twin screw)

-0.038

-0.02542

-0.021

ewis. Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, page 158")

5. Menghitun ilai w w (twin screw) -0.038 -0.02542 -0.021 ewis. Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2,
  • 6. Menghitun

  • 7. Menghitun

  • 8. Menghitun

3993.230178 ton

ge.292 (9.5.1)

and Propulsion of ship". Page.130)

and Propulsion of ship". Page.130)

and Propulsion of ship". Page.131)

and Propulsion of ship". Page.131)

g Efisiensi propulsif

  • 5.1 efisiensi relative rotative (ηrr)

ηrr

=

0.9737+0.111 (Cp-0.0255LCB)+(-0.06325 P/D)

=

1.047844359

 

("Edward V. Lewis.52, Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.

  • 5.2 efisiensi Open Water (ηo)

ηo

=

0.7

 

("Edward V. Lewis, Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, p

  • 5.3 efisiensi Hull (ηH) ηH

=

(1 - t)/(1 - w)

=

0.94016231

("Edward V. Lewis, Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, p

  • 5.4 Menghitung Koofisien propulsif (Pc)

Pc

=

ηrr

x ηo x ηH

= 0.689600641

("Edward V. Lewis, Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, p

g Delivered Horse Power (DHP)

DHP

=

EHP/ηp

=

639.6476301 HP

("Edward V. Lewis, Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, p

g Thrust Horse Power (THP) =

THP

EHP/ηH

 

=

499.0370362 HP

("Edward V. Lewis, Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, p

g Shaft Horse Power (SHP)

SHP

=

DHP/ηs ηb

ηb

=

ηRR x ηo

0.7334910513

=

854.6180304 HP

("Edward V. Lewis, Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, p

=

637.2886652 kW

9. Menghitung Power Main Engine

T(thrust) =

 

=

ηG

=

 

BHP Scr

=

SHP/ηG

 

=

872.0592146 HP

 
 

BHP Mcr

=

BHP Scr /0.8

 

=

1025.952017 HP

=

765.0524192 kW

BHP

>

SHP

>

DHP

>

THP

>

EHP

1025.952017 854.6180304 639.6476301 499.0370362 469.1758127

ηp

=

0.7334910513

2, page 163")

age 152")

age 156")

age 152")

age 120")

age 120")

 

ηs

=

0.98

age 120")

EHP/(1-t) x Vs

2861.022315

0.98 (assumption)

Interpolation of Pitch Ratio value

Speed (knot)

Pitch Ratio (P/D)

 
 

10

0.85

 

14

0.898

 

22.5

1

P/D

=

0.85 + [(1-0.85)/(22.5-10)] x (14-10)

0.898

“Dave Gerr, Propeller Handbook, chart 5-4, Optimum Pitch Ratio, on p

Interpolation of Pitch Ratio value Speed (knot) Pitch Ratio (P/D) 10 0.85 14 0.898 22.5 1

age 55”

age 55”

product

Engine Brand

 

Engine Model

 

Engine Serial

 

Engine arrangement

 

Power Output

 

N

Manufacture date

Governor

Condition

 

Description

Air Cleaner

Fly wheel housing size

Cooling

Alternator

Starter

Tier rating

 

Carterpillar

3508B

7SM00101

100-8316

2 x 500 HP

1600 rpm

1997

Electronic

High Hour Runner

 
 

Dry type

SAE0

Keel Cooled

  • 24 volt Alternator

  • 24 volt Electric Starter

1

Nama

Ahmad Ibnu 'Alwany

Kelas

D3 ME B

Nrp

315030040

referensi

Sv.Aa.Harvald, Resistance and Propulsion of ship David G.M. Watson, Practical Ship Design.

Tugas Perhitungan Tahanan Kapal (metode Guldhammer and

I.Data Kapal

Dimension

Coofisien

Tipe kapal

A.H.T

Cb

0.537

Lpp

43.6 meter

Cbwl

0.554

Lwl

48.6 meter

Cp

0.687

B

12.6 meter

Cwp

0.84

H

5.75 meter

ρ air laut

1.025

T

4.5 meter

g

9.81

Vs

16 knot

=

8.23104 m/s

  • 1. Menghitung L displacement

6. Menghitung nila

=

1/2*(Lpp+Lwl)

=

=

46.1 meter

=

151.246724 feet

=

("Sv.Aa.Harvald,5.5.10, Resistance and Propulsion of ship". Page.117)

  • 2. Menghitung Speed Length Ratio

=

7. Menghitung Rey

Vs/√Ldisp

=

=

0.669285974

=

(Handout mata kuliah Tahanan dan propulsi kapal)

  • 3. Menghitung Volume displacement (▼)

8. Menghitung Koo

=

Cb x Lwl x B x T

=

=

1479.76794

=

(Handout mata Teknik Bangunan Kapal)

  • 4. Menghitung Berat displacement (▲)

9. Menghitung Koo

=

▼x ρ air laut

=

=

1516.762139

=

(Handout mata Teknik Bangunan Kapal)

  • 5. Menghitung Luas Permukaan Basah (S)

9.1 Interpolasi Dia

=

ρ air laut x Lpp((CbxB)+(1.7*T))

= ρ air laut x Lpp((CbxB)+(1.7*T))

=

644.259978 m^2

("Sv.Aa.Harvald,5.5.31, Resistance and

4.00

Propulsion of ship". Page.131)

4.27

 

4.50

("Sv.Aa.Harvald,5.5.

10. Menghitung Ko

11.

Menghitung Ko

Penentuan LCB nor

Page.128)

%LCB standard = LCB kapal =

koreksi terhadap h

  • 12. Menghitung Ko

Power and Propulsion of Ship

  • 1. Menghitung Efective Horse Power (EHP) =

EHP (PE)

RT dinas x v

 

=

492.5199645 kW

=

660.4800382 HP

  • 2. Menghitung Wake fraction (w) Menghitung koofisien viskositas (Cv)

Cv

=

(1 + k)CF + CA

=

0.003636405

w

=

0.3095 x CB + [(10 x CV x CB ) - (0

=

0.070987051

("Edward V. Lewis.5

  • 3. Menghitung Thurst Deduction fraction (t)

t

=

=

k x w

0.056789641

("Edward V. Lewis.4

t ( untuk twin screw)

=

0.325 x CB - (0.188

=

0.1069348221

("Edward V. Lewis.5

  • 4. Menghitung Speed of Advance (Va)

Va = = = (1-w) Vs 7.646742746 m/s 14.86420719 knot
Va
=
=
=
(1-w) Vs
7.646742746 m/s
14.86420719 knot

additional

calculation of wake factor (wf)

wf

=

=

1.06 x - (0,4 x Cb) 0.227688 (for twin screw) ("Dave Gerr, Propel

Determine of "n (rpm)" value

Determine of "n (rpm)" value

; Edward V. Lewis. Principles of Naval Architecture ; Dave Gerr,Propeller Handbook.

Harvald)

 

viskositas air laut

8.847E-007

 
 
 

ρ air udara (27^0 Celsius)

0.0012

 
 
 

Luas kompartemen bagian depan

 

32.295827665 m^2

 

m2/s

(metode autocad)

   

5.2110734958

2659.2

6417.91

17.066506272

i Froude Number (Fn)

1572.21

6372.08

10.018247897

Vs/√g x Lwl

0.3769659068

 

("Sv.Aa.Harvald,5.5.9, Resistance and Propulsion of ship". Page.116)

nold Number (Rn)

Vs x Lwl/vk

452162929.806714

 

(Edward V. Lewis. Principles of Naval Architecture, page 57)

fisien Gesek (Cf)

0,075/(logRn-2)^2

0.0016932717

 

("Sv.Aa.Harvald,5.5.14, Resistance and Propulsion of ship". Page.117) fisien Tahanan Sisa (Cr)

Lwl/▼^0,333

4.2648629048

 

("Sv.Aa.Harvald, Resistance and Propulsion of ship". Page.120-128)

gram

 

10³Cr1

=

1.411

10³Cr

Cr1

=

0.001411

1.60

 

1.41

1.25

24, Resistance and Propulsion of ship". Page.130)

reksi B/T

B/T

=

2.8

10³Cr2

=

10³Cr1−0,16x(B/T−2,5)

10³Cr2

=

1.363

Cr2

=

0.001363

Figure 5.5.5

; Edward V. Lewis. Principles of Naval Architecture ; Dave Gerr,Propeller Handbook. Harvald) viskositas air laut

reksi Cr terhadap LCB

LCB

=

(8,80-38,9 x Fn)/100

=

-0.0586397377 meter

=

0.0586397377 meter

(dibelakang Φ)

reksi Cr terhadap LCB LCB = (8,80-38,9 x Fn)/100 = -0.0586397377 meter = 0.0586397377 meter (dibelakang

mal dengan grafik LCB Standart yang ada di ebook ("Sv.Aa.Harvald ,5.5.15 , Resistance and Propulsion of ship".

 

0.55

LCB standard =

-3.2251855754

-0.005494136 %

 

(dibelakang Φ Kapal)

=

arga Cr

∆LCB

0.0094996375

10³Crstandard =

-0.0032251856

10³Cr3

=

-0.0127248231

Cr3

=

-1.27248231E-005

reksi Cr karena adanya anggota badan kapal

10³Cr4

=

10³Cr2 + (0.05 x 10³Cr2)

 

Cr4

=

0.00143115

Cr total

=

4.192425177E-006

 

k

=

0.7 - 0.9

(twin screw)

("Edward V. Lewis. Principles of Naval Architecture

k

=

0.8

D

=

2.7 meter

1 kW

=

1.34102 HP

1 HP

=

0.7457 kW

Pitch

=

0.7

("Sv.Aa.Harvald, 6.2.1, Resistance and Propulsion of ship". Page.133)

("Edward V. Lewis. Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, page 162")

.32 x D/√B x T)]

2, Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, page 163")

7, Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, page 159")

5 x D/√B x T)

2, Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, page 163")

Interpolasi n Cb 0.5 0.537 0.55
Interpolasi n
Cb
0.5
0.537
0.55

("Edward V. L

Pitch = 0.7 (" Sv.Aa.Harvald, 6.2.1, Resistance and Propulsion of ship". Page.133) (" Edward V. Lewis.

("Edward V. Lewis, Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, fig.21, page 161")

163.877958

  • 13. Menghitung Koofisien Tahanan Tambahan (Ca) Dari perhitungan awal diperoleh displasmen kapal sebesar

=

jika melihat daftar pada "Sv.Aa.Harvald, Resistance and Propulsion of ship". Pa

adalah sebagai berikut :

Interpolasi Ca

 

=

1000

ton,

Ca

=

0.0006

=

1516.7621385

ton,

Ca

=

0.000588516

=

10000

ton,

Ca

=

0.0004

=

100000

ton,

Ca

=

0

=

1000000

ton,

Ca

=

-0.0006

  • 14. Menghitung Koofisien Tahanan Udara dan Kemudi koofisien tahanan udara

10³CAA =

0.07

CAA

=

0.00007

("Sv.Aa.Harvald ,5.5.26 , Resistance

koofisien tahanan kemudi 10³CAS = =

CAS

0.04

0.00004

("Sv.Aa.Harvald ,5.5.27 , Resistance

  • 15. TAHANAN TOTAL KAPAL

Koofisien tahanan total di air

CT

=

CF + CR + CA + CAS

CT

=

0.0023259805

Koofisien tahanan total di udara

("Sv.Aa.Harvald ,5.5.29 , Resistance

CT

=

0.00007

Tahanan Total (RT) =

RT air

CT x (0.5 x ρ x v^2 x S)

RT air

=

  • 52.0320000332 kN

RT udara

=

CT udara x 0.5 x ρ udara x v^2 x luasan kompartemen bagian depan

RT udara

=

9.18978040E-005 kN

RT Total

=

RT udara + RT udara

=

52.032091931 kN

 

Tahanan Total kondisi pelayaran dinas

RT dinas

=

=

RT Total + (15%RT Total)

  • 59.8369057206 kN

("Sv.Aa.Harvald ,5.5.28 , Resistance

5.

Menghitun

ilai w

w (twin screw)

-0.038

-0.02542

-0.021

ewis. Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, page 158")

5. Menghitun ilai w w (twin screw) -0.038 -0.02542 -0.021 ewis. Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2,
  • 6. Menghitun

  • 7. Menghitun

  • 8. Menghitun

1516.762139 ton

ge.292 (9.5.1)

and Propulsion of ship". Page.130)

and Propulsion of ship". Page.130)

and Propulsion of ship". Page.131)

and Propulsion of ship". Page.131)

g Efisiensi propulsif

  • 5.1 efisiensi relative rotative (ηrr)

ηrr

=

0.9737+0.111 (Cp-0.0255LCB)+(-0.06325 P/D)

=

1.043486387

 

("Edward V. Lewis.52, Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.

  • 5.2 efisiensi Open Water (ηo)

ηo

=

0.7

 

("Edward V. Lewis, Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, p

  • 5.3 efisiensi Hull (ηH) ηH

=

(1 - t)/(1 - w)

=

0.961305414

("Edward V. Lewis, Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, p

  • 5.4 Menghitung Koofisien propulsif (Pc)

Pc

=

ηrr

x ηo x ηH

=

0.702176379

("Edward V. Lewis, Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, p

g Delivered Horse Power (DHP)

DHP

=

EHP/ηp

=

904.2215823 HP

("Edward V. Lewis, Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, p

g Thrust Horse Power (THP)

THP

=

EHP/ηH

=

687.0657634 HP

("Edward V. Lewis, Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, p

g Shaft Horse Power (SHP)

SHP

=

DHP/ηs ηb

ηb

=

ηRR x ηo

0.7304404707

=

1213.154509 HP

("Edward V. Lewis, Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, p

=

904.6493174 kW

9. Menghitung Power Main Engine

T(thrust) =

 

=

ηG

=

 

BHP Scr

=

SHP/ηG

 

=

1237.912764 HP

 
 

BHP Mcr

=

BHP Scr /0.8

 

=

1456.367958 HP

=

1086.013586 kW

BHP

>

SHP

>

DHP

>

THP

>

EHP

1456.367958 1213.154509 904.2215823 687.0657634 660.4800382

ηp

=

0.7304404707

2, page 163")

age 152")

age 156")

age 152")

age 120")

age 120")

 

ηs

=

0.98

age 120")

EHP/(1-t) x Vs

6087.39177

0.98 (assumption)

Interpolation of Pitch Ratio value

Speed (knot)

Pitch Ratio (P/D)

 
 

10

0.85

 

14

0.898

 

22.5

1

P/D

=

0.85 + [(1-0.85)/(22.5-10)] x (14-10)

0.898

“Dave Gerr, Propeller Handbook, chart 5-4, Optimum Pitch Ratio, on p

Interpolation of Pitch Ratio value Speed (knot) Pitch Ratio (P/D) 10 0.85 14 0.898 22.5 1

age 55”

age 55”

product

Engine Brand

 

Engine Model

 

Engine Serial

 

Engine arrangement

 

Power Output

 

N

Manufacture date

Governor

Condition

 

Description

Air Cleaner

Fly wheel housing size

Cooling

Alternator

Starter

Tier rating

 

Carterpillar

3508B

7SM00101

100-8316

2 x 500 HP

1600 rpm

1997

Electronic

High Hour Runner

 
 

Dry type

SAE0

Keel Cooled

  • 24 volt Alternator

  • 24 volt Electric Starter

1

Nama

Ahmad Ibnu 'Alwany

Kelas

D3 ME B

Nrp

315030040

referensi

Sv.Aa.Harvald, Resistance and Propulsion of ship David G.M. Watson, Practical Ship Design.

Tugas Perhitungan Tahanan Kapal (metode Guldhammer and

I.Data Kapal

Dimension

Coofisien

Tipe kapal

A.H.T

Cb

0.537

Lpp

43.6 meter

Cbwl

0.554

Lwl

48.6 meter

Cp

0.687

B

12.6 meter

Cwp

0.84

H

5.75 meter

ρ air laut

1.025

T

4.5 meter

g

9.81

Vs

17 knot

=

8.74548 m/s

  • 1. Menghitung L displacement

6. Menghitung nila

=

1/2*(Lpp+Lwl)

=

=

46.1 meter

=

151.246724 feet

=

("Sv.Aa.Harvald,5.5.10, Resistance and Propulsion of ship". Page.117)

  • 2. Menghitung Speed Length Ratio

=

7. Menghitung Rey

Vs/√Ldisp

=

=

0.711116348

=

(Handout mata kuliah Tahanan dan propulsi kapal)

  • 3. Menghitung Volume displacement (▼)

8. Menghitung Koo

=

Cb x Lwl x B x T

=

=

1479.76794

=

(Handout mata Teknik Bangunan Kapal)

  • 4. Menghitung Berat displacement (▲)

9. Menghitung Koo

=

▼x ρ air laut

=

=

1516.762139

=

(Handout mata Teknik Bangunan Kapal)

  • 5. Menghitung Luas Permukaan Basah (S)

9.1 Interpolasi Dia

=

ρ air laut x Lpp((CbxB)+(1.7*T))

= ρ air laut x Lpp((CbxB)+(1.7*T))

=

644.259978 m^2

("Sv.Aa.Harvald,5.5.31, Resistance and

4.00

Propulsion of ship". Page.131)

4.27

 

4.50

("Sv.Aa.Harvald,5.5.

10. Menghitung Ko

11.

Menghitung Ko

Penentuan LCB nor

Page.128)

%LCB standard = LCB kapal =

koreksi terhadap h

  • 12. Menghitung Ko

Power and Propulsion of Ship

  • 1. Menghitung Efective Horse Power (EHP) =

EHP (PE)

RT dinas x v

 

=

587.3762791 kW

=

787.6844295 HP

  • 2. Menghitung Wake fraction (w) Menghitung koofisien viskositas (Cv)

Cv

=

(1 + k)CF + CA

=

0.003612432

w

=

0.3095 x CB + [(10 x CV x CB ) - (0

=

0.070858315

 

("Edward V. Lewis.5

  • 3. Menghitung Thurst Deduction fraction (t) =

t

k x w = 0.056686652

("Edward V. Lewis.4

t ( untuk twin screw)

=

0.325 x CB - (0.188

=

0.1069348221

("Edward V. Lewis.5

  • 4. Menghitung Speed of Advance (Va)

Va = = = (1-w) Vs 8.125790021 m/s 15.79540864 knot
Va
=
=
=
(1-w) Vs
8.125790021 m/s
15.79540864 knot

additional

calculation of wake factor (wf)

wf

=

=

1.06 x - (0,4 x Cb) 0.227688 (for twin screw) ("Dave Gerr, Propel

Determine of "n (rpm)" value

Determine of "n (rpm)" value

; Edward V. Lewis. Principles of Naval Architecture ; Dave Gerr,Propeller Handbook.

Harvald)

 

viskositas air laut

8.847E-007

 
 
 

ρ air udara (27^0 Celsius)

0.0012

 
 
 

Luas kompartemen bagian depan

 

32.295827665 m^2

 

m2/s

(metode autocad