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 Nama Ahmad Ibnu 'Alwany Kelas D3 ME B Nrp 315030040 referensi Sv.Aa.Harvald, Resistance and Propulsion of ship

David G.M. Watson, Practical Ship Design.

Tugas Perhitungan Tahanan Kapal (metode Guldhammer and

 I.Data Kapal Dimension Coofisien Tipe kapal A.H.T Cb 0.537 Lpp 43.6 meter Cbwl 0.554 Lwl 48.6 meter Cp 0.687 B 12.6 meter Cwp 0.84 H 5.75 meter ρ air laut 1.025 T 4.5 meter g 9.81 Vs 14 knot = 7.20216 m/s
• 1. Menghitung L displacement

6. Menghitung nila

 = 1/2*(Lpp+Lwl) = = 46.1 meter = 151.246724 feet =

("Sv.Aa.Harvald,5.5.10, Resistance and Propulsion of ship". Page.117)

 2. Menghitung Speed Length Ratio = 7. Menghitung Rey Vs/√Ldisp = = 0.585625227 =

(Handout mata kuliah Tahanan dan propulsi kapal)

• 3. Menghitung Volume displacement (▼)

8. Menghitung Koo

 = Cb x Lwl x B x T = = 1479.76794 = (Handout mata Teknik Bangunan Kapal) 4. Menghitung Berat displacement (▲) 9. Menghitung Koo = ▼x ρ air laut = = 1516.762139 =

(Handout mata Teknik Bangunan Kapal)

 5. Menghitung Luas Permukaan Basah (S) 9.1 Interpolasi Dia = ρ air laut x Lpp((CbxB)+(1.7*T)) = 644.259978 m^2 ("Sv.Aa.Harvald,5.5.31, Resistance and 4.00 Propulsion of ship". Page.131) 4.27 4.50

("Sv.Aa.Harvald,5.5.

• 10. Menghitung Ko

Penentuan LCB nor

Page.128)

%LCB standard = LCB kapal =

12. Menghitung Ko

Power and Propulsion of Ship

 1. Menghitung Efective Horse Power (EHP) = EHP (PE) RT dinas x v = 334.1918079 kW = 448.1585193 HP
2.

Menghitung Wake fraction (w) Menghitung koofisien viskositas (Cv)

 Cv = (1 + k)CF + CA = 0.003690224 w = 0.3095 x CB + [(10 x CV x CB ) - (0 = 0.071276058 ("Edward V. Lewis.5 3. Menghitung Thurst Deduction fraction (t) t k x w = 0.057020847 = ("Edward V. Lewis.4 t ( untuk twin screw) = 0.325 x CB - (0.188

=

0.1069348221

("Edward V. Lewis.5

• 4. Menghitung Speed of Advance (Va)

Va
=
=
=
(1-w) Vs
6.688818424 m/s
13.00213518 knot

calculation of wake factor (wf)

wf
=
=
1.06 x - (0,4 x Cb)
0.227688 (for twin screw)
("Dave Gerr, Propel

Determine of "n (rpm)" value

; Edward V. Lewis. Principles of Naval Architecture ; Dave Gerr,Propeller Handbook.

 Harvald) viskositas air laut 8.847E-007 ρ air udara (27^0 Celsius) 0.0012 Luas kompartemen bagian depan 32.295827665 m^2 m2/s (metod 5.2110734958 2659.2 6417.91 17.066506272 i Froude Number (Fn) 1572.21 6372.08 10.018247897

Vs/√g x Lwl

 0.3298451684 ("Sv.Aa.Harvald,5.5.9, Resistance and Propulsion of ship". Page.116) nold Number (Rn) Vs x Lwl/vk 395642563.580875 (Edward V. Lewis. Principles of Naval Architecture, page 57) fisien Gesek (Cf) 0,075/(logRn-2)^2 0.0017231711 ("Sv.Aa.Harvald,5.5.14, Resistance and Propulsion of ship". Page.117) fisien Tahanan Sisa (Cr) Lwl/▼^0,333 4.2648629048 ("Sv.Aa.Harvald, Resistance and Propulsion of ship". Page.120-128) gram 10³Cr1 = 1.411 10³Cr Cr1 = 0.001411 1.60 1.41 Figure 5.5.5 1.25 24, Resistance and Propulsion of ship". Page.130) reksi B/T B/T = 2.8 10³Cr2 = 10³Cr1−0,16x(B/T−2,5) 10³Cr2 = 1.363 Cr2 = 0.001363 reksi Cr terhadap LCB LCB = (8,80-38,9 x Fn)/100
 = -0.0403097705 meter = 0.0403097705 meter (dibelakang Φ)

mal dengan grafik LCB Standart yang ada di ebook ("Sv.Aa.Harvald ,5.5.15 , Resistance and Propuls

 0.55 LCB standard = -2.2170373785 -0.005495969 % (dibelakang Φ Kapal) = arga Cr ∆LCB 0.0065301828 10³Crstandard = -0.0022170374 10³Cr3 = -0.0087472202 Cr3 = -8.74722020E-006

 10³Cr4 = 10³Cr2 + (0.05 x 10³Cr2) Cr4 = 0.00143115 Cr total = 4.196402780E-006 k = 0.7 - 0.9 (twin screw) ("Edward V. Lewis. Principles of Naval k = 0.8 D = 2.7 meter 1 kW = 1.34102 HP 1 HP = 0.7457 kW Pitch = 0.7

("Sv.Aa.Harvald, 6.2.1, Resistance and Propulsion of ship". Page.133)

("Edward V. Lewis. Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, page 162")

.32 x D/√B x T)]

2, Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, page 163")

7, Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, page 159")

5 x D/√B x T)

2, Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, page 163")

("Edward V. Lewis, Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, fig.21, page 161")

ler Handbook, formula 6-4a, b, page 69.")

163.877958

 Vs Rt sea margin 14 46.4016083879 15 61.8261699451 16 59.8369057206 17 67.1634123084 18 74.8931567661 19 83.0243071238 20 91.5551471315
• 13. Menghitung Koofisien Tahanan Tambahan (Ca) Dari perhitungan awal diperoleh displasmen kapal sebesar jika melihat daftar pada "Sv.Aa.Harvald, Resistance and Propulsi adalah sebagai berikut :

 Interpolasi Ca ▲ = 1000 ton, Ca = ▲ = 1516.7621385 ton, Ca = ▲ = 10000 ton, Ca = ▲ = 100000 ton, Ca = ▲ = 1000000 ton, Ca =
• 14. Menghitung Koofisien Tahanan Udara dan Kemudi koofisien tahanan udara

10³CAA

CAA

=

=

0.07

0.00007

koofisien tahanan kemudi 10³CAS = =

CAS

0.04

0.00004

• 15. TAHANAN TOTAL KAPAL

Koofisien tahanan total di air

("Sv.Aa.Harvald ,5.5.2

("Sv.Aa.Harvald ,5.5.2

 CT = CF + CR + CA + CAS CT = 0.0023558839

Koofisien tahanan total di udara =

CT

0.00007

Tahanan Total (RT)

("Sv.Aa.Harvald ,5.5.2

 RT air = CT x (0.5 x ρ x v^2 x S) RT air = 40.3491543258 kN RT udara = CT udara x 0.5 x ρ udara x v^2 x luasan komparteme ion of ship". RT udara = 7.03592562E-005 kN RT Total = RT udara + RT udara = 40.3492246851 kN

Tahanan Total kondisi pelayaran dinas

 RT dinas = RT Total + (15%RT Total) = 46.4016083879 kN

("Sv.Aa.Harvald ,5.5.2

Architecture Vol.2, page 160")

Interpolasi nilai w

 Cb w (twin screw) 0.5 -0.038 0.537 -0.02542 0.55 -0.021

("Edward V. Lewis. Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, page 158")

Service Speed (knot) vs Ship Resistance (kN)

100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
=
on of ship". Page.292 (9.5.1)
0.0006
0.000588516
0.0004
0
-0.0006

1516.762139 ton

• 6 , Resistance and Propulsion of ship". Page.130)

• 7 , Resistance and Propulsion of ship". Page.130)

• 9 , Resistance and Propulsion of ship". Page.131)

n bagian depan

8 , Resistance and Propulsion of ship". Page.131)

5. Menghitung Efisiensi propulsif

5.1 efisiensi relative rotative (ηrr)

 ηrr = 0.9737+0.111 (Cp-0.0255LCB)+(-0.06325 P/D) = 1.04353827

("Edward V. Lewis.52, Principles of Naval

• 5.2 efisiensi Open Water (ηo)

 ηo = 0.7 ("Edward V. Lewis, Principles of Naval Arc 5.3 efisiensi Hull (ηH) ηH = (1 - t)/(1 - w) = 0.961604561

("Edward V. Lewis, Principles of Naval Arc

• 5.4 Menghitung Koofisien propulsif (Pc)

 Pc = ηrr x ηo x ηH = 0.702429812

("Edward V. Lewis, Principles of Naval Arc

• 6. Menghitung Delivered Horse Power (DHP)

 DHP = EHP/ηp = 613.5150715 HP ("Edward V. Lewis, Principles of Naval Arc
• 7. Menghitung Thrust Horse Power (THP)

 THP = EHP/ηH = 466.0528222 HP ("Edward V. Lewis, Principles of Naval Arc
• 8. Menghitung Shaft Horse Power (SHP)

 SHP = DHP/ηs ηb ηb = ηRR x ηo = 823.0853866 HP ("Edward V. Lewis, Principles of Naval Arc = 613.7747728 kW

9. Menghitung Power Main Engine

 BHP Scr = SHP/ηG = 839.8830476 HP BHP Mcr = BHP Scr /0.8 = 988.097703 HP = 736.8244571 kW BHP > SHP > DHP > THP > EHP 988.097703 823.0853866 613.5150715 466.0528222 448.1585193
20
21

ηp

=

0.7304767888

hitecture Vol.2, page 152")

hitecture Vol.2, page 156")

hitecture Vol.2, page 152")

hitecture Vol.2, page 120")

hitecture Vol.2, page 120")

0.7304767888

ηs

=

hitecture Vol.2, page 120")

0.98

T(thrust) =

=

EHP/(1-t) x Vs

3614.192381

ηG

=

0.98 (assumption)

Interpolation of Pitch Ratio value

 Speed (knot) Pitch Ratio (P/D) 10 0.85 14 0.898

22.5

1

P/D

=

0.85 + [(1-0.85)/(22.5-10)] x (14-10)

0.898

“Dave Gerr, Propeller Handbook, chart 5-4, Optimum Pi

tch Ratio, on page 55”

 product Engine Brand Engine Model
 Engine Serial Engine arrangement Power Output N Manufacture date Governor Condition Description Air Cleaner Fly wheel housing size Cooling Alternator Starter Tier rating
 Carterpillar 3508B
 7SM00101 100-8316 2 x 500 HP 1600 rpm 1997 Electronic High Hour Runner Dry type SAE0 Keel Cooled 24 volt Alternator 24 volt Electric Starter 1
 Nama Ahmad Ibnu 'Alwany Kelas D3 ME B Nrp 315030040 referensi Sv.Aa.Harvald, Resistance and Propulsion of ship David G.M. Watson, Practical Ship Design.

Tugas Perhitungan Tahanan Kapal (metode Guldhammer and

 I.Data Kapal Dimension Coofisien Tipe kapal A.H.T Cb 0.72 Lpp 77.966 meter Cbwl Lwl 79.525 meter Cp 0.725 B 12.6 meter Cwp H 6.4 meter ρ air laut 1.025 T 5.4 meter g 9.81 Vs 11 knot = 5.65884 m/s
• 1. Menghitung L displacement

6. Menghitung nila

 = 1/2*(Lpp+Lwl) = = 78.7455 meter = 258.35138622 feet =

("Sv.Aa.Harvald,5.5.10, Resistance and Propulsion of ship". Page.117)

 2. Menghitung Speed Length Ratio = 7. Menghitung Rey Vs/√Ldisp = = 0.352064322 =

(Handout mata kuliah Tahanan dan propulsi kapal)

• 3. Menghitung Volume displacement (▼)

8. Menghitung Koo

 = Cb x Lwl x B x T = = 3895.83432 = (Handout mata Teknik Bangunan Kapal) 4. Menghitung Berat displacement (▲) 9. Menghitung Koo = ▼x ρ air laut = = 3993.230178 =

(Handout mata Teknik Bangunan Kapal)

• 5. Menghitung Luas Permukaan Basah (S)

9.1 Interpolasi Dia

 = ρ air laut x Lpp((CbxB)+(1.7*T)) = 1458.611318 m^2 ("Sv.Aa.Harvald,5.5.31, Resistance and 5.00 Propulsion of ship". Page.131) 5.21 5.50

("Sv.Aa.Harvald,5.5.

10. Menghitung Ko

11.

Menghitung Ko

Penentuan LCB nor

Page.128)

%LCB standard = LCB kapal =

• 12. Menghitung Ko

Power and Propulsion of Ship

 1. Menghitung Efective Horse Power (EHP) = EHP (PE) RT dinas x v = 349.8644035 kW = 469.1758127 HP
• 2. Menghitung Wake fraction (w) Menghitung koofisien viskositas (Cv)

 Cv = (1 + k)CF + CA = 0.003868576 w = 0.3095 x CB + [(10 x CV x CB ) - (0 = 0.012950466 ("Edward V. Lewis.5 3. Menghitung Thurst Deduction fraction (t) = t k x w = 0.012950466 ("Edward V. Lewis.4 t ( untuk twin screw) = 0.325 x CB - (0.188

=

0.0720132302

("Edward V. Lewis.5

• 4. Menghitung Speed of Advance (Va)

Va
=
=
=
(1-w) Vs
5.585555385 m/s
10.85754487 knot

calculation of wake factor (wf)

wf

=

=

1.11 x - (0,4 x Cb) 0.31968 (for twin screw) ("Dave Gerr, Propel

Determine of "n (rpm)" value

; Edward V. Lewis. Principles of Naval Architecture ; Dave Gerr,Propeller Handbook.

 Harvald) viskositas air laut 8.847E-007 ρ air udara (27^0 Celsius) 0.0012 Luas kompartemen bagian depan 32.295827665 m^2 m2/s (metode autocad) 5.2110734958 2659.2 6417.91 17.066506272 i Froude Number (Fn) 1572.21 6372.08 10.018247897

Vs/√g x Lwl

0.2026007609

("Sv.Aa.Harvald,5.5.9, Resistance and Propulsion of ship". Page.116)

nold Number (Rn)

Vs x Lwl/vk

508668758.901322

(Edward V. Lewis. Principles of Naval Architecture, page 57)

fisien Gesek (Cf)

0,075/(logRn-2)^2

0.001667546

("Sv.Aa.Harvald,5.5.14, Resistance and Propulsion of ship". Page.117) fisien Tahanan Sisa (Cr)

 Lwl/▼^0,333 5.0540189197 ("Sv.Aa.Harvald, Resistance and Propulsion of ship". Page.120-128) gram
 10³Cr1 = 1.5706 10³Cr Cr1 = 0.0015706 0.87 0.84 0.80

24, Resistance and Propulsion of ship". Page.130)

 reksi B/T B/T = 2.3333333333 10³Cr2 = 10³Cr1−0,16x(B/T−2,5) 10³Cr2 = 1.5972666667 Cr2 = 0.0015972667

Figure 5.5.5

 LCB = (8,80-38,9 x Fn)/100 = 0.009188304 meter = 0.009188304 meter (didepan Φ)

mal dengan grafik LCB Standart yang ada di ebook ("Sv.Aa.Harvald ,5.5.15 , Resistance and Propulsion of ship".

 0.65 LCB standard = 0.5972397601 0.000091883 % (didepan Φ Kapal) = arga Cr ∆LCB -0.0011761029 10³Crstandard = 0.0005972398 10³Cr3 = 0.0017733427 Cr3 = 1.773342672E-006

 10³Cr4 = 10³Cr2 + (0.05 x 10³Cr2) Cr4 = 0.00167713 Cr total = 4.846770009E-006 k = 0.9 - 1,05 (twin screw) ("Edward V. Lewis. Principles of Naval Architecture k = 1 D = 4.095 meter 1 kW = 1.34102 HP 1 HP = 0.7457 kW

Pitch

=

0.7

("Sv.Aa.Harvald, 6.2.1, Resistance and Propulsion of ship". Page.133)

("Edward V. Lewis. Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, page 162")

.32 x D/√B x T)]

2, Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, page 163")

7, Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, page 159")

5 x D/√B x T)

2, Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, page 163")

Interpolasi n
Cb
0.5
0.537
0.55

("Edward V. L

("Edward V. Lewis, Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, fig.21, page 161")

163.877958

• 13. Menghitung Koofisien Tahanan Tambahan (Ca) Dari perhitungan awal diperoleh displasmen kapal sebesar

=

jika melihat daftar pada "Sv.Aa.Harvald, Resistance and Propulsion of ship". Pa

 Interpolasi Ca ▲ = 1000 ton, Ca = 0.0006 ▲ = 3993.230178 ton, Ca = 0.000533484 ▲ = 10000 ton, Ca = 0.0004 ▲ = 100000 ton, Ca = 0 ▲ = 1000000 ton, Ca = -0.0006
• 14. Menghitung Koofisien Tahanan Udara dan Kemudi koofisien tahanan udara

 10³CAA = 0.07 CAA = 7e-05 ("Sv.Aa.Harvald ,5.5.26 , Resistance

koofisien tahanan kemudi 10³CAS = =

CAS

0.04

0.00004

("Sv.Aa.Harvald ,5.5.27 , Resistance

• 15. TAHANAN TOTAL KAPAL

Koofisien tahanan total di air

 CT = CF + CR + CA + CAS CT = 0.0022458765

Koofisien tahanan total di udara

("Sv.Aa.Harvald ,5.5.29 , Resistance

 CT = 0.00007 Tahanan Total (RT) = RT air CT x (0.5 x ρ x v^2 x S) RT air = 53.7618434727 kN RT udara = CT udara x 0.5 x ρ udara x v^2 x luasan kompartemen bagian depan RT udara = 4.34360714E-005 kN RT Total = RT udara + RT udara = 53.7618869088 kN

Tahanan Total kondisi pelayaran dinas

RT dinas

=

=

RT Total + (15%RT Total)

• 61.8261699451 kN

("Sv.Aa.Harvald ,5.5.28 , Resistance

5.

Menghitun

 ilai w w (twin screw) -0.038 -0.02542 -0.021

ewis. Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, page 158")

• 6. Menghitun

• 7. Menghitun

• 8. Menghitun

3993.230178 ton

ge.292 (9.5.1)

and Propulsion of ship". Page.130)

and Propulsion of ship". Page.130)

and Propulsion of ship". Page.131)

and Propulsion of ship". Page.131)

g Efisiensi propulsif

• 5.1 efisiensi relative rotative (ηrr)

 ηrr = 0.9737+0.111 (Cp-0.0255LCB)+(-0.06325 P/D) = 1.047844359 ("Edward V. Lewis.52, Principles of Naval Architecture Vol. 5.2 efisiensi Open Water (ηo) ηo = 0.7 ("Edward V. Lewis, Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, p 5.3 efisiensi Hull (ηH) ηH = (1 - t)/(1 - w) = 0.94016231

("Edward V. Lewis, Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, p

• 5.4 Menghitung Koofisien propulsif (Pc)

 Pc = ηrr x ηo x ηH = 0.689600641

("Edward V. Lewis, Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, p

g Delivered Horse Power (DHP)

 DHP = EHP/ηp = 639.6476301 HP ("Edward V. Lewis, Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, p g Thrust Horse Power (THP) = THP EHP/ηH = 499.0370362 HP ("Edward V. Lewis, Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, p

g Shaft Horse Power (SHP)

 SHP = DHP/ηs ηb ηb = ηRR x ηo 0.7334910513 = 854.6180304 HP ("Edward V. Lewis, Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, p = 637.2886652 kW

9. Menghitung Power Main Engine

T(thrust) =

 = ηG =
 BHP Scr = SHP/ηG = 872.0592146 HP BHP Mcr = BHP Scr /0.8 = 1025.952017 HP = 765.0524192 kW BHP > SHP > DHP > THP > EHP 1025.952017 854.6180304 639.6476301 499.0370362 469.1758127

ηp

=

0.7334910513

 2, page 163") age 152") age 156") age 152") age 120") age 120") ηs = 0.98 age 120")

EHP/(1-t) x Vs

2861.022315

0.98 (assumption)

Interpolation of Pitch Ratio value

 Speed (knot) Pitch Ratio (P/D) 10 0.85 14 0.898 22.5 1 P/D = 0.85 + [(1-0.85)/(22.5-10)] x (14-10)

0.898

“Dave Gerr, Propeller Handbook, chart 5-4, Optimum Pitch Ratio, on p

age 55”

 product Engine Brand Engine Model Engine Serial Engine arrangement Power Output N Manufacture date Governor Condition Description Air Cleaner Fly wheel housing size Cooling Alternator Starter Tier rating
 Carterpillar 3508B 7SM00101 100-8316 2 x 500 HP 1600 rpm 1997 Electronic High Hour Runner Dry type SAE0 Keel Cooled 24 volt Alternator 24 volt Electric Starter 1
 Nama Ahmad Ibnu 'Alwany Kelas D3 ME B Nrp 315030040 referensi Sv.Aa.Harvald, Resistance and Propulsion of ship David G.M. Watson, Practical Ship Design.

Tugas Perhitungan Tahanan Kapal (metode Guldhammer and

 I.Data Kapal Dimension Coofisien Tipe kapal A.H.T Cb 0.537 Lpp 43.6 meter Cbwl 0.554 Lwl 48.6 meter Cp 0.687 B 12.6 meter Cwp 0.84 H 5.75 meter ρ air laut 1.025 T 4.5 meter g 9.81 Vs 16 knot = 8.23104 m/s
• 1. Menghitung L displacement

6. Menghitung nila

 = 1/2*(Lpp+Lwl) = = 46.1 meter = 151.246724 feet =

("Sv.Aa.Harvald,5.5.10, Resistance and Propulsion of ship". Page.117)

 2. Menghitung Speed Length Ratio = 7. Menghitung Rey Vs/√Ldisp = = 0.669285974 =

(Handout mata kuliah Tahanan dan propulsi kapal)

• 3. Menghitung Volume displacement (▼)

8. Menghitung Koo

 = Cb x Lwl x B x T = = 1479.76794 = (Handout mata Teknik Bangunan Kapal) 4. Menghitung Berat displacement (▲) 9. Menghitung Koo = ▼x ρ air laut = = 1516.762139 =

(Handout mata Teknik Bangunan Kapal)

• 5. Menghitung Luas Permukaan Basah (S)

9.1 Interpolasi Dia

 = ρ air laut x Lpp((CbxB)+(1.7*T)) = 644.259978 m^2 ("Sv.Aa.Harvald,5.5.31, Resistance and 4.00 Propulsion of ship". Page.131) 4.27 4.50

("Sv.Aa.Harvald,5.5.

10. Menghitung Ko

11.

Menghitung Ko

Penentuan LCB nor

Page.128)

%LCB standard = LCB kapal =

• 12. Menghitung Ko

Power and Propulsion of Ship

 1. Menghitung Efective Horse Power (EHP) = EHP (PE) RT dinas x v = 492.5199645 kW = 660.4800382 HP
• 2. Menghitung Wake fraction (w) Menghitung koofisien viskositas (Cv)

 Cv = (1 + k)CF + CA = 0.003636405 w = 0.3095 x CB + [(10 x CV x CB ) - (0 = 0.070987051

("Edward V. Lewis.5

• 3. Menghitung Thurst Deduction fraction (t)

t

=

=

k x w

0.056789641

("Edward V. Lewis.4

t ( untuk twin screw)

=

0.325 x CB - (0.188

=

0.1069348221

("Edward V. Lewis.5

• 4. Menghitung Speed of Advance (Va)

Va
=
=
=
(1-w) Vs
7.646742746 m/s
14.86420719 knot

calculation of wake factor (wf)

wf

=

=

1.06 x - (0,4 x Cb) 0.227688 (for twin screw) ("Dave Gerr, Propel

Determine of "n (rpm)" value

; Edward V. Lewis. Principles of Naval Architecture ; Dave Gerr,Propeller Handbook.

 Harvald) viskositas air laut 8.847E-007 ρ air udara (27^0 Celsius) 0.0012 Luas kompartemen bagian depan 32.295827665 m^2 m2/s (metode autocad) 5.2110734958 2659.2 6417.91 17.066506272 i Froude Number (Fn) 1572.21 6372.08 10.018247897

Vs/√g x Lwl

 0.3769659068 ("Sv.Aa.Harvald,5.5.9, Resistance and Propulsion of ship". Page.116) nold Number (Rn) Vs x Lwl/vk 452162929.806714 (Edward V. Lewis. Principles of Naval Architecture, page 57) fisien Gesek (Cf) 0,075/(logRn-2)^2 0.0016932717 ("Sv.Aa.Harvald,5.5.14, Resistance and Propulsion of ship". Page.117) fisien Tahanan Sisa (Cr) Lwl/▼^0,333 4.2648629048 ("Sv.Aa.Harvald, Resistance and Propulsion of ship". Page.120-128) gram
 10³Cr1 = 1.411 10³Cr Cr1 = 0.001411 1.60 1.41 1.25

24, Resistance and Propulsion of ship". Page.130)

 reksi B/T B/T = 2.8 10³Cr2 = 10³Cr1−0,16x(B/T−2,5) 10³Cr2 = 1.363 Cr2 = 0.001363

Figure 5.5.5

 LCB = (8,80-38,9 x Fn)/100 = -0.0586397377 meter = 0.0586397377 meter (dibelakang Φ)

mal dengan grafik LCB Standart yang ada di ebook ("Sv.Aa.Harvald ,5.5.15 , Resistance and Propulsion of ship".

 0.55 LCB standard = -3.2251855754 -0.005494136 % (dibelakang Φ Kapal) = arga Cr ∆LCB 0.0094996375 10³Crstandard = -0.0032251856 10³Cr3 = -0.0127248231 Cr3 = -1.27248231E-005

 10³Cr4 = 10³Cr2 + (0.05 x 10³Cr2) Cr4 = 0.00143115 Cr total = 4.192425177E-006 k = 0.7 - 0.9 (twin screw) ("Edward V. Lewis. Principles of Naval Architecture k = 0.8 D = 2.7 meter 1 kW = 1.34102 HP 1 HP = 0.7457 kW

Pitch

=

0.7

("Sv.Aa.Harvald, 6.2.1, Resistance and Propulsion of ship". Page.133)

("Edward V. Lewis. Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, page 162")

.32 x D/√B x T)]

2, Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, page 163")

7, Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, page 159")

5 x D/√B x T)

2, Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, page 163")

Interpolasi n
Cb
0.5
0.537
0.55

("Edward V. L

("Edward V. Lewis, Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, fig.21, page 161")

163.877958

• 13. Menghitung Koofisien Tahanan Tambahan (Ca) Dari perhitungan awal diperoleh displasmen kapal sebesar

=

jika melihat daftar pada "Sv.Aa.Harvald, Resistance and Propulsion of ship". Pa

 Interpolasi Ca ▲ = 1000 ton, Ca = 0.0006 ▲ = 1516.7621385 ton, Ca = 0.000588516 ▲ = 10000 ton, Ca = 0.0004 ▲ = 100000 ton, Ca = 0 ▲ = 1000000 ton, Ca = -0.0006
• 14. Menghitung Koofisien Tahanan Udara dan Kemudi koofisien tahanan udara

 10³CAA = 0.07 CAA = 7e-05 ("Sv.Aa.Harvald ,5.5.26 , Resistance

koofisien tahanan kemudi 10³CAS = =

CAS

0.04

0.00004

("Sv.Aa.Harvald ,5.5.27 , Resistance

• 15. TAHANAN TOTAL KAPAL

Koofisien tahanan total di air

 CT = CF + CR + CA + CAS CT = 0.0023259805

Koofisien tahanan total di udara

("Sv.Aa.Harvald ,5.5.29 , Resistance

 CT = 0.00007 Tahanan Total (RT) = RT air CT x (0.5 x ρ x v^2 x S) RT air = 52.0320000332 kN RT udara = CT udara x 0.5 x ρ udara x v^2 x luasan kompartemen bagian depan RT udara = 9.18978040E-005 kN RT Total = RT udara + RT udara = 52.032091931 kN

Tahanan Total kondisi pelayaran dinas

RT dinas

=

=

RT Total + (15%RT Total)

• 59.8369057206 kN

("Sv.Aa.Harvald ,5.5.28 , Resistance

5.

Menghitun

 ilai w w (twin screw) -0.038 -0.02542 -0.021

ewis. Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, page 158")

• 6. Menghitun

• 7. Menghitun

• 8. Menghitun

1516.762139 ton

ge.292 (9.5.1)

and Propulsion of ship". Page.130)

and Propulsion of ship". Page.130)

and Propulsion of ship". Page.131)

and Propulsion of ship". Page.131)

g Efisiensi propulsif

• 5.1 efisiensi relative rotative (ηrr)

 ηrr = 0.9737+0.111 (Cp-0.0255LCB)+(-0.06325 P/D) = 1.043486387 ("Edward V. Lewis.52, Principles of Naval Architecture Vol. 5.2 efisiensi Open Water (ηo) ηo = 0.7 ("Edward V. Lewis, Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, p 5.3 efisiensi Hull (ηH) ηH = (1 - t)/(1 - w) = 0.961305414

("Edward V. Lewis, Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, p

• 5.4 Menghitung Koofisien propulsif (Pc)

 Pc = ηrr x ηo x ηH = 0.702176379

("Edward V. Lewis, Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, p

g Delivered Horse Power (DHP)

 DHP = EHP/ηp = 904.2215823 HP ("Edward V. Lewis, Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, p

g Thrust Horse Power (THP)

 THP = EHP/ηH = 687.0657634 HP ("Edward V. Lewis, Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, p

g Shaft Horse Power (SHP)

 SHP = DHP/ηs ηb ηb = ηRR x ηo 0.7304404707 = 1213.154509 HP ("Edward V. Lewis, Principles of Naval Architecture Vol.2, p = 904.6493174 kW

9. Menghitung Power Main Engine

T(thrust) =

 = ηG =
 BHP Scr = SHP/ηG = 1237.912764 HP BHP Mcr = BHP Scr /0.8 = 1456.367958 HP = 1086.013586 kW BHP > SHP > DHP > THP > EHP 1456.367958 1213.154509 904.2215823 687.0657634 660.4800382

ηp

=

0.7304404707

 2, page 163") age 152") age 156") age 152") age 120") age 120") ηs = 0.98 age 120")

EHP/(1-t) x Vs

6087.39177

0.98 (assumption)

Interpolation of Pitch Ratio value

 Speed (knot) Pitch Ratio (P/D) 10 0.85 14 0.898 22.5 1 P/D = 0.85 + [(1-0.85)/(22.5-10)] x (14-10)

0.898

“Dave Gerr, Propeller Handbook, chart 5-4, Optimum Pitch Ratio, on p

age 55”

 product Engine Brand Engine Model Engine Serial Engine arrangement Power Output N Manufacture date Governor Condition Description Air Cleaner Fly wheel housing size Cooling Alternator Starter Tier rating
 Carterpillar 3508B 7SM00101 100-8316 2 x 500 HP 1600 rpm 1997 Electronic High Hour Runner Dry type SAE0 Keel Cooled 24 volt Alternator 24 volt Electric Starter 1
 Nama Ahmad Ibnu 'Alwany Kelas D3 ME B Nrp 315030040 referensi Sv.Aa.Harvald, Resistance and Propulsion of ship David G.M. Watson, Practical Ship Design.

Tugas Perhitungan Tahanan Kapal (metode Guldhammer and

 I.Data Kapal Dimension Coofisien Tipe kapal A.H.T Cb 0.537 Lpp 43.6 meter Cbwl 0.554 Lwl 48.6 meter Cp 0.687 B 12.6 meter Cwp 0.84 H 5.75 meter ρ air laut 1.025 T 4.5 meter g 9.81 Vs 17 knot = 8.74548 m/s
• 1. Menghitung L displacement

6. Menghitung nila

 = 1/2*(Lpp+Lwl) = = 46.1 meter = 151.246724 feet =

("Sv.Aa.Harvald,5.5.10, Resistance and Propulsion of ship". Page.117)

 2. Menghitung Speed Length Ratio = 7. Menghitung Rey Vs/√Ldisp = = 0.711116348 =

(Handout mata kuliah Tahanan dan propulsi kapal)

• 3. Menghitung Volume displacement (▼)

8. Menghitung Koo

 = Cb x Lwl x B x T = = 1479.76794 = (Handout mata Teknik Bangunan Kapal) 4. Menghitung Berat displacement (▲) 9. Menghitung Koo = ▼x ρ air laut = = 1516.762139 =

(Handout mata Teknik Bangunan Kapal)

• 5. Menghitung Luas Permukaan Basah (S)

9.1 Interpolasi Dia

 = ρ air laut x Lpp((CbxB)+(1.7*T)) = 644.259978 m^2 ("Sv.Aa.Harvald,5.5.31, Resistance and 4.00 Propulsion of ship". Page.131) 4.27 4.50

("Sv.Aa.Harvald,5.5.

10. Menghitung Ko

11.

Menghitung Ko

Penentuan LCB nor

Page.128)

%LCB standard = LCB kapal =

• 12. Menghitung Ko

Power and Propulsion of Ship

 1. Menghitung Efective Horse Power (EHP) = EHP (PE) RT dinas x v = 587.3762791 kW = 787.6844295 HP
• 2. Menghitung Wake fraction (w) Menghitung koofisien viskositas (Cv)

 Cv = (1 + k)CF + CA = 0.003612432 w = 0.3095 x CB + [(10 x CV x CB ) - (0 = 0.070858315 ("Edward V. Lewis.5 3. Menghitung Thurst Deduction fraction (t) = t k x w = 0.056686652 ("Edward V. Lewis.4 t ( untuk twin screw) = 0.325 x CB - (0.188

=

0.1069348221

("Edward V. Lewis.5

• 4. Menghitung Speed of Advance (Va)

Va
=
=
=
(1-w) Vs
8.125790021 m/s
15.79540864 knot

calculation of wake factor (wf)

wf

=

=

1.06 x - (0,4 x Cb) 0.227688 (for twin screw) ("Dave Gerr, Propel

Determine of "n (rpm)" value

; Edward V. Lewis. Principles of Naval Architecture ; Dave Gerr,Propeller Handbook.

 Harvald) viskositas air laut 8.847E-007 ρ air udara (27^0 Celsius) 0.0012 Luas kompartemen bagian depan 32.295827665 m^2 m2/s (metode autocad