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# BASIC ETA STATIC ANALYSIS

Tutorial 1

BASIC META
STATIC ANALYSIS

## 1.1. Introduction .................................................................................................. 2

1.1.1. Prerequisites ............................................................................................... 2
1.1.2. Problem Description .................................................................................... 2
1.1.3. Data Files .................................................................................................... 2
1.2. Post Processing Procedure ........................................................................ 3
1.2.1. Read Model Geometry and Results ............................................................ 3
1.2.2. Handling of entities display. ........................................................................ 5
1.2.3. Set Undeform states ................................................................................... 7
1.2.4. Fringe (contour) plots and options .............................................................. 8
1.2.5. Fringebar (color bar) options ..................................................................... 10
1.2.6. Range options ........................................................................................... 12
1.2.7. Identification of results .............................................................................. 14
1.2.8. Statistics.................................................................................................... 16
1.2.9. Annotations ............................................................................................... 18
1.2.10. Append Results - Scalar and Vector results simultaneously ................... 22
1.2.11. Report ..................................................................................................... 23
1.2.12. Model Report .......................................................................................... 26
1.3. Conclusion ................................................................................................. 27

## BETA CAE Systems S.A. Tutorial 1 - 1 ETA Tutorials

BASIC ETA STATIC ANALYSIS

1.1. Introduction
This tutorial provides an entry overview of basic post-processing steps that could be followed within ETA to
conduct a standard Static analysis.
Not all ETA capabilities and features are exhausted within this tutorial.

## The steps described in this tutorial include:

Load the model geometry and results
Identify different items of the model
Fringe (contour) plots and options
Fringebar options
Range options
Identification of results
Statistics
Annotations
Appending results
Scalar and Vector plots simultaneously
Report

1.1.1. Prerequisites
It is recommended for users who have never used ETA before to read the Chapter 2 of ETA Users Guide.

## 1.1.2. Problem Description

The model used for this tutorial is shown in the
picture. It consists of two plates connected along
one of their edge defining an angle of 90 and two
stripes of bar elements to support the two plates.
Seven different loadcases (subcases) have been
solved. The first three are pure Torsion, Tension
and Bending respectively and the last 4 are
combinations of the first 3.

## 1.1.3. Data Files

The files required for this tutorial are
/tutorials/mETA_tutorials/01-BASIC_STATIC/2_plates_bars.nas
/tutorials/mETA_tutorials/01-BASIC_STATIC/2_plates_bars.op2

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## 1.2. Post Processing Procedure

1.2.1. Read Model Geometry and Results
Start ETA.
From the Read Results > Geometry tab, first make
1 sure that the File Format option menu is switched
to either Auto detect or Nastran.
1. Invoke the File Manager.

## 2. Navigate and select one of the files:

2 2_plates_bars.nas
2_plates_bars.op2

Tips:
The models geometry can be read either from the
input file (NASTRAN Bulk data) or the .op2 file.
(NASTRAN Bulk data) provides extra information
for the loads of each subcase.

## The model is read and it should appear as it is

shown in the image on the left.

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## 1. Switch the Read Results card to the Results

tab. The corresponding .op2 file is automatically
selected and all available subcases are identified in
1 the States tab and selected by default.

Tips:
You may deselect from the list the subcases that
subcases.

## 2. Switch to the Deformation tab. By default, the

Displacements, Translational components are

Tips:
2 In case other nodal vector data (such as SPC
forces, velocities, etc) should be loaded as
Deformation results, this can be set here through

## 3. Select from the Read Options > Deformation

Scale Factor menu, at the bottom of the
Deformation tab, to the Auto calculate option.

Tips:
Using this option, ETA will calculate and assign,
visualization of deformations (which is necessary in
3 this case since this is a static analysis). In such
cases, it is recommended to use the Auto
calculate.

## 4. Switch to the Scalar tab.

5. 4 menus appear. The first one holds all available
types of results (stresses, strains, etc). The second
menu includes all available types / components for
the results type that is selected in the first menu.
4 Switch this second menu to Von Mises option.
The third menu includes all available options for the
location of results related to section thickness
direction of shell elements. Switch this menu to the
Top and Bottom option to load results on both
sides of shells.
3 The fourth menu includes all available options
regarding the location of results within the element
(Centroid, Integration Points, Corner). Switch this

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1 card, to load the selected Deformation and Scalar
results for the selected subcases.

## 1. Press F12 key to open the Set Visible Entities

card. Press All button so as to enable the
visualisation of boundary conditions which are not
by default visible.

## SPCs are clearly visible.

FORCEs are visible but their scaling need to be
PLOADs are hidden by the base plate.

Forces

## 1 2. Press the Set Transparency button and then

select the horizontal plate.

2 are related to the Bending loadcase.

## 3. Right click on the Set Transparency button. The

percentage changes to 0%. Select the same Pid to
become non-transparent again.
3

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## 1. From the Tools pull-down menu open the

Settings window and set a new Load Scale factor
within the Windows Settings>General tab (the
default is 1). Here a value 0.1 is applied.

All loads are now scaled and the Forces are clearly
1 displayed. These Forces are related to the Torsion

Tips:
Torsion The length of the arrows representing

Tension

## Provided that you have loaded geometry from the

input file, the loads and the boundary conditions
are grouped in ETA according to the subcase
2 they correspond to.

## 3. Select everything, and then the Hide option

3 from the context menu to hide all boundaries.

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## 4. Select for and apply an Show on the

SUBCASE_2 to view the model with the Tension
forces.

## The model with the Tension forces.

Tips:
Hide boundary conditions through the F12 card by
unchecking the respective options. This
deactivates their visibility status and boundary
conditions will not be taken in account when
applying focus commands.

## 1. Open Tools>States and in the Undeform tab of

the States list press the Add button so as to set
the ORIGINAL STATE as the Undeform state that
will be displayed always.
2. Apply a uniform User color to the Undeform
state. To do this, activate the User color toggle
button. Select the Palette button to apply a color
other than the default from the color selector (here
the red color is applied).
Tips:
You can create more than one Undeform states by
1 selecting the state you want to be displayed as
undeform and pressing the Add button again.
Undeform states will be displayed in the relevant
list.

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## 3. Select SUBCASE 4 (this subcase is the

combination of the first 3 subcases) in the States
list.
Tips:
You can change states using:
3 - The Animation scroll-bar (4).
- The Up and Down keys when the focus is in the
States List
- The Page Up and Page Down keys when the
focus is on the model
- Home and End keys navigate the model to the
ORIGINAL and the last state respectively.

## The model is displayed deformed. The ORIGINAL

STATE, which was set as the Undeform state, is
also displayed in red Feature lines.

## 1. Activate the Fringe drawing style.

The model is displayed with contours.
1 Press the arrow next to the Fringe button to invoke
1 the menu with the available fringe options.

## The default options are On Element and Normal

Plot. On Element, means that the element results
(here Corner values) will be considered for the
interpolation at each point of the surface and this
will be represented in the fringe plot. Normal is a
plot with smoothed colors.

## Any elements which do not have any scalar value

are colored by the No Value color, in this case
grey.

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## On Node and Normal Plot.

Tips:
For all fringe plots above, the Scalar option was
selected, thus, the fringe plots correspond to the
results that were loaded as Scalar functions (in this
example Von Mises, Corner values for Top and
Bottom side of shells). You may switch to X,Y, Z or
T-Deform to visualize as contour plots the values
loaded as Deformation results (in this example:
Displacements).

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## 1. To change the fringebar, press Right Mouse

Button on the fringebar and from the menu that
appears select the Fringe Colors > Paletes and
Colors to open the respective settings card.

## From this card, you may double click an available

color bar to set this color bar as the active fringebar.

1
To define a new color bar:

1. Press the New button at the bottom of the left list and select the Empty option.
2. Enter a name for the new fringebar, for example Tutorial_1, in the field that appears and press OK.
3. Select this new color bar in the Palettes list
4. Select the colors you want to assign to the fringe bar in the Colors list (use Ctrl key for multiple
selection).
5. Press the button to assign these colors to the new fringe bar.

5
3 4

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palette.

## 1 2. Set the Alpha Channel to 120.

2
3. Double click on the name of the new palette to
make it active

The new color bar is now set as the active and the
fringe plot is displayed according to this.

Tips:
You may move the fringebar anywhere on the
screen by moving it with the Middle Mouse Button.
You may resize the fringebar by moving the lower
right corner of the fringebar with the Left Mouse
Button.
You may alter the settings of the fringebar (fonts,
add titles, color backgrounds, etc) from the
Tools>Settings>Fringebar or by selecting the
fringebar with Right Mouse Button and selecting
the Fringebar Settings option.

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## In order to change the values of the fringe bar

press Right Mouse Button on the fringe bar. From
the menu that appears you have the options to
affect the fringe bars range.

## For example, suppose that you would like to

identify the locations on the model that exceed the
80% of the current maximum value.

## 1 1. Enter 0.8 in the Scale Limits>Max Multiplier

field and press Enter.

## The maximum value that appears now with the

fringebar is the actual maximum value multiplied by
0.8. The areas that exceed this value are colored in
the top color of the fringebar.

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## For example, suppose that you would like to

identify the locations on the model that stress
exceeds 275 N/mm2.

## 1. Enter 1 again in the Scale Limits>Max

Multiplier field and press Enter.
2. Enter 275 in the Scale Limits>Max Value field
and press Enter.
3. Enter 0 in the Min Value and press Enter.

## The maximum value that appears now with the

fringe bar is the value we set in the Scale
Limits>Max Value.

## For the current example, the Tensile Strength (ST

field of the NASTRAN card) for the material of the
horizontal plate is set to 300 N/mm2 and that of the
vertical plate is set to 275 N/mm2. Suppose now
that we would like to identify the areas of these
plates that exceed the allowable stress limits for
1 these plates.

## 1. Activate the Non-Linear from Right Mouse

2 Button menu on the fringebar and select the
4 Spacing... option from Right Mouse Button menu
on the fringebar.
2. In the window that appears enter a name for the
new range that will be created.
3 3. Enter new values for each field, starting from the
one at the top. For the current example, enter 300
for the top value and 275 for the next value. Press
Enter in each field to confirm the value.

## 4. When finished, press the Plus key. The range

now is saved with the specified name.

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Tips:
The defined range is saved in the v15.x.x.xml file
upon quitting ETA and it will be available for
selection in future ETA sessions.
To set one of the available ranges as the current
one, select it from the relevant pull-down menu.

## In order to identify the extreme values of a model

or of a part of a model for the current state, you can
appears if you press Right Mouse Button in the
1 drawing area or by pressing the respective arrow
next to the Identify button.

## 1. Press Right Mouse Button in the drawing area

and from the menu that appears select the Identify
option.
nd
2. From the 2 menu select the iFunction.
rd
3. From the 3 menu select the Visible Elements
option
2 3

## The elements that hold the extreme function values

(von mises values in this case) among the visible
are identified and their Centroid and Corner values
(since Corner values were loaded) are displayed.
Zoom in to that area.
Note that 2 function values are displayed. The one
corresponds to the Top side of shells and the other
corresponds to the Bottom side of shells.

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## You can identify entities of the model with the help

of the Feature Selection tool.

## 1. Press Right Mouse Button in the drawing area

1 and from the menu that appears select the Identify
option.
2 2. From the second menu select the iNode.
3. In the Feature Selection tool that appears
select the Feature Line option.

## 1. Pick an elements edge to select a line of nodes.

2. Pick again an elements edge where the previous
1 selection was over.

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## Press Middle Mouse Button to confirm the selection and

the nodes will be identified.

Tips:
To control the display of identified data, go to the
Tools>Settings>Windows Settings>Identify or select
the Settings option from the Identify menu

1.2.8. Statistics
Statistics tool is used for reporting information regarding entities of a model, for a particular subcase.

## Open the Statistics table from

Tools>Statistics.
the parts of the model for the
current subcase.
Tips:
Having the synchronize button
activated the table is
automatically updated every time
the subcase changes.
1. Switch from All Entities to the
Nodes option. The table is now
empty.
2. Press the Identified button, in
2 the menu that appears at the right
side of the table, and the
identified nodes are inserted in
the table

1
The table's items can be sorted
3 according to each of the columns
by pressing the left mouse button
on the name of the column. An
arrow next to the sorting column
indicates the sorting order.
3. Press with left mouse button
the name of the second column
Max :: C1 to sort the items
(nodes) according to their
maximum function value.

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## Tables items can be identified

or isolated.
4. Select the first item (node with
4 5 maximum function value) of the
table with Right Mouse Button.
5. From the menu that appears
select the Identify option.

## Now only the node with the maximum function value

is identified on the model.

## By pressing the button a file manager

window opens and you can export the
information of the Statistics table and save
it in HTML or .csv format.

Tips:
To reset the identification of entities select the iReset
option from the Identify menu or press the iReset
button

## From Tools>States open the States card. In the

Undeform tab double-click on the light bulb in order
to deactivate the visibility of the undeform state.

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1.2.9. Annotations
Annotations are a comprehensive tool for adding
text, marking positions and results into a drawing or a
1 2Dplot window.

## 1. Open the Annotations tool by pressing the

Annotations button
2. In the Pointer tab select the Element option to
create annotations on elements.
Filter tool to select the elements on which
annotations will be created

2
In the Advanced Filter window select to:
5. Elements
6. Scalar > centroid.func.scalar.max
7. from Each Part Max 1 (In the last field of the
Advanced Filter tool the available options from the
3 pull-down menu can be edited)

4 5 6 7

## Using this filter one annotation for every part is

created that points to the element with the maximum
function value of its part.

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1

## The annotations now are attached on the elements

that they point to.

## 3. Select the two annotations in the list of the

Annotations window with Right Mouse Button and
from the menu that appears select the Explode Off
Model
3
4. Switch to the Text tab and change the Float
Precision to 0.

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## he annotations now have been exploded out of the

model, and the displayed value has no decimal
digits.

## 3. In the Text tab of the Annotations window set the

desired text and press Apply.
4. Change the Fonts of the text.
5. Enable the Value Based Coloring

## The annotations now are colored regarding the value

that they display.

TIPS
Deselect the annotations from the list to hide their
highlighting.

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## It is also possible to create an annotation on a part

that will trace a value of the part.

## 1. Delete the two annotations that were created in the

previous step from the List and press the New
button to create a new one.
1
2. From the Pointer tab select the Part option.
3. From the Function pull-down menu select the
Scalar Elem Max Val option.
2 4. Press the Pick button and select for which part of
the model you want to trace the maximum with the
3 new annotation.

## Change the text and the fonts of the new annotation

from the Text tab.

## 5. Press Right Mouse Button in the annotations text

the Model > Subcase variable. The variable
\$subcase will be entered into the text.
6. Press Apply button.

## The new annotation finds the maximum value of the

selected part, displays this value, the id of the
element that holds this value and the subcase id.

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Go to subcase 7.

## The annotation finds again the maximum value of

the selected part and points to the element that holds
this value.

## Delete the new annotation from List and reset the

identification from the iReset button.

## 1.2.10. Append Results - Scalar and Vector results simultaneously

There is the option to load different results under the same subcase using the append results functionality
1. In the Read Results>Results>Vector tab select
the Stresses > Principal Tensor> Bottom results to
2. Deactivate Deformation and Scalar options in
order not to load again Deformation and Scalar
1
results and press the Append button next to the
Vector option.

2
3

## 4. Press on the Vector Finge button.

5. Press on the arrow next to the button and set the
Vector Scale to 0.1
4 5

You can see the active Label in the Labels switcher pull-down menu.

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1.2.11. Report
User reports in HTML, PPTX or postscript format can be created through the Report Composer. The HTML
reports are template-based and these templates could also be created inside the Report Composer using
the existing editor.
Open the Report Composer from
Tools>Report>Report Composer.
Select the PPTX option at the top left corner of the
Report Composer window.

You can add images in the report using the Drag and
Drop functionality.
1 1. With Left Mouse Button pressed drag an image
from the 3D drawing window into the Report
Composer.

Composer

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## You have the option to edit the image in the Report

Composer.
1. Press and hold the Shift key. Move the edges of
the image to crop it.
2. Let the Shift key free. Resize and move the image
on the top left corner of the slide.

3. First open the Statistics from Tools>Statistics.
4 4. Press on the button to set which columns arew
visible.
5 5. Select some of the nodes data that were
previously inserted in the Statistics table, with Left
Mouse button.

## 6. Press Right Mouse Button on the selected items.

From the menu that appears select to Copy
selected to clipboard.

## 7. In the Report Composer right click on the slide

and select Clipboard > Paste Text from Clipbload
8. Select the cell where you want to paste the data
from the Statistics table with Right Mouse Button
and from the menu that appears select the Paste
option.
the report.

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## 1. Select from the Slides list the Slide 1 with Right

Mouse Button.
2. From the menu that appears select the Set Title
option
1
2

## 3. In the Text Editor window that appears write the

desired title and set its style.
4. Press OK

## The title has been inserted in the Slide. You can

move it and resize it using Left Mouse Button.

## The Report can be saved in pptx format from the

Save button.
pptx Reports can be opened in Report Composer
again from the Open button.

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## 1.2.12. Model Report

A standard report including information about the model can be created through the Model Report. This
and plots, as well as a tabular summary of the model entities and results

## Invoke the Model Report card from

Tools>Report>Model Report.

## 1. Select the subcases to include in the Model

2 Report.
2. Select the groups to include in the Model
1 Report.

## 3. From the Parts/Elements/Materials/Boundary

Elements tabs select the entities to include in the
Model Report.
3

## 4. From the Results tab select the results

(Displacements/Function/Nodal-Corner
4 Function) to include in the Model Report

## Press the HTML Preview button

to have a preview of the
Model Report in HTML format.

## The Model Report can be saved in HTML and CSV

formats and can also be added in a user report
(HTML format) from the respective Add to Report
button.

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1.3. Conclusion
In this tutorial some of the basic steps for static analysis post processing have been followed. Not all
capabilities were demonstrated. The user may also refer to ETA Users Guide for the functionality of ETA
and detailed description of functions and procedures.