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Truck

Scania MLWV 8x8

Workshop Manual
Supplement to Scania Workshop Manual


Scania CV AB 2010, Sweden
Contents

Contents
Function description Group 9 Wheels........................................................ 3
Group 10 Brakes....................................................... 4
Group 11 Frame........................................................ 8
Group 16 Electrical system ...................................... 9
Group 18 Cab ......................................................... 13
Group 19 Accessories............................................. 18

Work description Group 11 Frame...................................................... 23


Group 16 Electrical system .................................... 26
Group 18 Cab ......................................................... 29
Group 19 Accessories............................................. 31

Wiring diagrams BOL, Blackout lighting, sheet 1 ............................. 33


BOL, Blackout lighting, sheet 2 ............................. 34
BOL, Blackout lighting, Trailer connector
12-p rear, sheet 3 .................................................... 35
AWD, All Wheel Drive .......................................... 36
AHS, Auxiliary Heater System .............................. 37
POW, Power Supply System .................................. 38

Pneumatic diagram Brake diagram 8x8 ................................................. 39

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Function description

Function
description

Group 9 Wheels

Wheel speed sensor


The vehicle is equipped with six wheel speed 1 2 3
sensors one for each wheel on the three rear
axles.
The wheel speed sensor records the speed of
the relevant wheel and sends the signal to the
ABS control unit. The pulse wheel is designed
so that a magnetic flux is created in the wheel

311733
speed sensor when the wheel rotates. The 6 5 4
magnetic flux generates a frequency which the
control unit uses to calculate the rotational 1 Wheel speed sensor T11
speed of the wheel. 2 Wheel speed sensor T13
3 Wheel speed sensor T28
4 Wheel speed sensor T30
5 Wheel speed sensor T14
6 Wheel speed sensor T12

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Function description

Group 10 Brakes

ABS control valves


The vehicle is equipped with six ABS control
valves one for each wheel on the three rear
axles. The control valves adjust the air pressure
to brake cylinders during ABS control.
The control valves have three control
functions:
Pressure increase (normal mode): Inlet
open and exhaust closed.
Location of ABS control valves
Pressure drop: Inlet closed and exhaust
open. 1 Control valve V4
2 Control valve V6
Pressure retention: Inlet and exhaust
closed. 3 Control valve V47
4 Control valve V46
The control unit activates the function of the
5 Control valve V5
control valves as necessary:
6 Control valve V3
For ABS control, the control unit uses the
control valves to prevent the wheels from
locking.
During TC modulation, the ABS control
unit uses the control valves to apply brake
pressure to the driving wheel that is
slipping.
During EBL modulation, the ABS control
unit uses the control valves to adapt the
pressure in the rear brake circuit to the load
of the vehicle.

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Function description

The control valves are regulated by a control


unit. They are connected to the control unit via
a cable harness and connectors.

ABS control valve


1 Port 1 - Inlet
2 Port 2 - Exhaust
3 Port 3 - Venting
4 Electrical connection

ABS control valve, electrical connection and


internal structure
1 Pin 1 - Supply to solenoid valve for venting
2 Pin 2 - Ground
3 Pin 3 - Supply to solenoid valve for inlet
4 Port 1 - Inlet
5 Port 2 - Exhaust
6 Port 3 - Venting

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Function description

Spring brake ventilation, rear axle


The vehicle is prepared for wading in depths of
up to 750 mm.
Plastic hoses with silencer are connected to
ventilation holes of the spring brake chambers
to handle wading.

Spring brake ventilation, rear axle.

Spring brake ventilation, bracket in frame at


rear axle.

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Function description

Spring brake ventilation, front


axle
Plastic hoses with silencer are connected to
ventilation holes of the spring brake chambers
to handle wading.

Spring brake ventilation, front axle (viewed


from above)

Spring brake ventilation, front axle (viewed


from the side)

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Function description

Group 11 Frame

Underslung draw beam with tow


hook
The underslung draw beam is equipped with
connectors and other equipment for a trailer.
The side of the underslung draw beam houses
brackets for the rear lamp bracket.

Underslung draw beam


1 15-pin ABS trailer coupling
2 Convoy lamp Underslung draw beam (viewed from the side)
3 ABS trailer coupling 1 Attachment point for rear lamp bracket
4 Towing eye bracket 2 Tightening torque 270 Nm
5 12-pin NATO trailer coupling
6 Tow hook

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Function description

Group 16 Electrical
system

Blackout lighting

Rotary control for blackout lighting


In the first position (1) of the control, standard
lighting is activated. The other positions are for
blackout lighting.
Press and turn to change the rotary control
position from standard lighting to position 0
and vice versa. To switch between 0 and the
other positions, simply turn the rotary control.

Rotary control for blackout lighting


1 Standard lighting
2 0 - All interior and exterior lighting
switched off
3 S1 - Brake lamps and convoy lamp
activated
4 S3 - Blackout lighting fully activated:
brake lamps, tail lamps, headlamps and
convoy lamp
5 S2 - Headlamps activated

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Function description

Fault messages in the instrument


cluster
Serious faults are indicated via a short acoustic
signal and a message in the display when
driving with blackout lighting.

To view messages in the display without


deactivating blackout lighting, a torch or the
like can be used to light up the display.

All warnings that are notified via an acoustic


signal when driving with blackout lighting are
serious and mean that you should stop the
vehicle as soon as possible.

Warnings and messages will remain until you


acknowledge them.

The following warnings are indicated via a


short acoustic signal when driving with
blackout lighting:
Engine malfunction
High engine coolant temperature
Low engine oil pressure
EBS fault on trailer
Low brake pressure on trailer
Coordinator malfunction
High oil temperature in torque converter
ECU communication fault
EBS fault on tractor
Brake pressure low
Alternator not charging

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Function description

Blackout lighting cable harness


The blackout lighting cable harness and
connectors are located on the inside of the
chassis beams.

Note: When blackout lighting is connected to


the vehicle, fault codes will be activated in the
control unit for light regulation, CUV (E32).

Blackout lighting cable harness in chassis.

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Function description

The blackout lighting cable harness and


connectors are located on the inside of the
chassis beams.

Beam section A Beam section B


1 Combination lamp, L1041 1 Convoy lamp, L1017, marked with blue
2 Registration plate lamp, L47, marked with tape
green tape 2 End-outline marker lamp, L1032, marked
3 Width marking light, L1031, marked with with white tape
white tape 3 12-pin NATO, C1172
4 Registration plate lamp, L48, marked with 4 Combination lamp, L1042
green tape 5 Reverse alarm, N10
5 Rear foglamp, L44/L92, marked with 6 Reversing lamp, L43/L91, marked with
yellow tape yellow tape
6 Brake lamp, L1013, marked with red tape 7 Brake lamp, L1014, marked with red tape
8 12-pin NATO, C1170
9 Reverse alarm, L43X/L91X

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Function description

Group 18 Cab

Roof hatch
The roof of the vehicle cab houses a manual
roof hatch, which can be opened from the
inside.
The roof hatch can be opened completely.

Roof hatch
1 Control and decal for opening the roof
hatch
2 Control and decal for closing the roof
hatch

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Function description

Cab tilting
On vehicles with large wheel housing and cab
tilt pump in the bumper, a special tool is needed
to tilt the cab.
The tool kit contains a special tool for setting
the cab tilt pump valve.
For more information on cab tilting, refer to
Scania Multi 18-65 Cab tilting.

Special tool for setting the cab tilt valve

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Function description

Tilting the cab


The tool kit contains a special tool for setting
the cab tilt pump valve.

Note: Do not tilt the cab if the vehicle bumper


is removed or if the underlying surface slopes
more than 10%.

Procedure
1 Open the upper front grille panel and take
out the cab tilting handle bar.
Leave the front grille panel open.
For more information on the front grile
panel, refer to Scania Multi 18-05 Front
grille panel, bonnet.
2 Apply the parking brake.
3 Put the gear lever in the neutral position.
4 Make sure there are no loose objects in the
cab and close the cab doors.

Handle bar for cab tilt pump

5 Insert the spcial tool in the hole with the


pump valve rotary control and set the pump
valve to the cab tilting position.

Setting the valve for cab tilting

Setting the cab tilting valve to tilt the cab

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Function description

6 Put the adapter on the pump pin (1).


7 Put the handle bar and the adapter together
(2).
8 Start pumping (3).
The cab lock opens automatically. Make
sure that the cab lock is fully open before
full pump pressure is reached.
Pump the handle bar up and down parallel
to the length of the vehicle.
9 Pump up the cab all the way until it falls
forward under its own weight. Continue
pumping to the upper end position, where
resistance increases in the pump rod. Pumping for cab tilting

10 Fit the cab strut.

IMPORTANT! If you have to start the engine


while the cab is tilted, make sure the gear lever
is in the neutral position.

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Function description

Lowering the cab


1 Remove the cab strut.
Pump up the cab slightly to ease removal
of the cab strut pin.
2 Insert the spcial tool in the hole with the
pump valve rotary control and set the pump
valve to the cab lowering position.
3 Put the adapter on the pump pin (1).
4 Put the handle bar and the adapter together
(2).
5 Start pumping (3).
Pump the handle bar up and down parallel
to the length of the vehicle.
6 Pump until the cab falls into place under its
own weight. Because the cab falls into
position, it is locked into the cab
mountings.

Pumping for cab tilting

7 Secure the handle bar in its bracket inside


the upper part of the front grille panel.

Setting the valve for cab tilting

Setting the cab tilting valve to lower the cab

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Function description

Group 19 Accessories

Cold weather adaptation


The vehicle is adapted to work better in a cold
climate. The battery and fuel filter are heated
with hot coolant via heat from the engine or
from a diesel-powered auxiliary heater.
Cold weather adaptation comprises:
Battery heater
Water-separating fuel filter heater
Cold weather adaptation, flow of hot coolant
1 Engine
2 Auxiliary heater
3 Circulation pump
4 Fluid distributor
5 (Not used)
6 Water-separating fuel filter heater
7 Battery heater
8 Cab heater

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Function description

Circulation pump
The circulation pump circulates hot coolant.

The circulation pump is located in the engine


compartment on the wall that houses the cab
ladder.

Note: When connecting a new circulation


pump, the electrical connector must be
renewed. For a description of electrical
connection of the circulation pump, refer to the
Work description chapter.

Location of the circulation pump on the


vehicle.

Circulation pump
1 Coolant out
2 Coolant in Circulation pump, pipe connections
1 Circulation pump
2 Coolant out
3 Cab heater branch connection
4 Fluid distributor branch connection
5 Coolant in, from auxiliary heater

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Function description

Fluid distributor
The fluid distributor distributes the hot coolant.

The return output of the cab heater contains a


rotary control for cutting off the flow of coolant
to cold-weather-adapted parts.

Location of fluid distributor Fluid distributor


1 Battery box 1 In, from water-separating fuel filter heater
2 Fluid distributor 2 In, from battery heater
3 Water-separating fuel filter 3 Out, to battery heater
4 Out, to water-separating fuel filter heater
5 In, from auxiliary heater
6 (Not used)
7 Out, return to cab heater with shut-off
control

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Function description

Water-separating fuel filter heater


The water-separating fuel filter heater heats up
the water-separating fuel filter.

Location of water-separating fuel filter


1 Battery box
2 Fluid distributor
3 Water-separating fuel filter

Water-separating fuel filter heater


1 Heat out, to fluid distributor
2 Heat in, from fuel heater
3 Fuel in
4 Fuel out

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Function description

Battery heater
The battery heater is located in the battery box
beneath the vehicle batteries. It heats the
vehicle batteries.

The outgoing coolant pipe houses a rotary


control to shut off the flow to the battery heater.

Location of battery heater


1 Battery heater
2 Fluid distributor
3 Water-separating fuel filter

Location of the battery box


1 Battery box
2 Fluid distributor
3 Water-separating fuel filter Battery heater
4 Rotary control for shutting off the flow of 1 In, coolant from fluid distributor
coolant to the battery heater
2 Out, coolant to fluid distributor

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Work description

Work description

Group 11 Frame

Removing the draw beam


1 Remove the ABS trailer coupling (3).
2 Remove the 12-pin NATO trailer
coupling (5).
3 Remove the 15-pin ABS trailer
coupling (1).
4 Remove the convoy lamp (2).
5 Remove the eight bolts from each side of
the draw beams upper section.
6 Fasten the draw beam securely in lifting
equipment. Underslung draw beam
7 Remove the eight bolts from each side of 1 15-pin ABS trailer coupling
the draw beams lower section. 2 Convoy lamp
8 Remove both parts of the draw beam. 3 ABS trailer coupling
4 Towing eye bracket
5 12-pin NATO trailer coupling
6 Tow hook

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Work description

Fitting the draw beam


1 Lift the draw beams lower section into
place and attach using eight bolts on each
side.
Tightening torque 270 Nm +/- 15%.
2 Lift the draw beams upper section into
place and attach using eight bolts on each
side.
Tightening torque 270 Nm +/- 15%.

Underslung draw beam (viewed from the side)


1 Attachment point for rear lamp bracket
2 Tightening torque 270 Nm

3 Fit the convoy lamp (2).


4 Fit the 15-pin ABS trailer coupling (1).
5 Fit the 12-pin NATO trailer coupling (5).
6 Fit the ABS trailer coupling (3).

Underslung draw beam


1 15-pin ABS trailer coupling
2 Convoy lamp
3 ABS trailer coupling
4 Towing eye bracket
5 12-pin NATO trailer coupling
6 Tow hook

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Work description

Removing the tow hook


1 Remove the four bolts which hold the tow
hook in place.
2 Remove the tow hook.

Fitting the tow hook


1 Fit the tow hook in place.
2 Fit the four bolts which hold the tow hook
in place.
Tightening torque: 420 Nm +/- 15%
Tow hook

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Work description

Group 16 Electrical
system

Blackout lighting

IMPORTANT! Use clean gloves when


touching bulb glass.
Avoid touching the reflector with your fingers.

IMPORTANT! Make sure that the lamp lens


forms a tight seal when you refit it.

Renewing a bulb in the blackout


lighting headlamp
1 Undo the screws on the sides of the
headlamps (1).
2 Remove the lens.
3 Renew the bulb.
4 Refit the lens.
5 Tighten the screws.

Headlamp for blackout lighting


1 Lamp lens screws

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Work description

Renewing bulbs in the


combination lamp
1 Undo the screws and remove the lens.
2 Press in the bulb, turn anticlockwise and
remove it.
3 Fit a new bulb.
4 Refit the lens and tighten the screws.

Renewing a bulb in the convoy


lamp
Renew the bulbs from the rear of the plate the
convoy lamp is fitted on.
Procedure
1 Detach the convoy lamp plate by removing
the lock pins on the top.
2 Turn the convoy lamp so the rear is
accessible.
3 Undo the 4 nuts (1) and remove the
protection.
4 Detach the bolts holding the lens in place.
5 Remove the lens. Convoy lamp, rear
6 Renew the bulb. 1 Nuts for convoy lamp protection

7 Refit the lens and tighten the bolts that


were unscrewed.
8 Refit the protection and tighten the 4 nuts
that were unscrewed (1).
9 Turn the plate over and refit it in the
correct position using the lock pins.

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Work description

Bulbs in the blackout lighting


A table of the bulbs used for various blackout
lighting components is found below.

Note: All bulbs must be of the 24 volt type.

Lamp Base Power


Headlamp for blackout lighting Ba15s 18 W
Combination lamp: tail lamp for standard lighting Ba15s 5W
Combination lamp: brake lamp for standard lighting Ba15s 21 W
Combination lamp: bulb for direction indicator Ba15s 21 W
Combination lamp: tail lamp for blackout lighting Ba9s 2W
Registration plate lamps Ba15s 5W
Front fog lamp Ba15s 21 W
Reversing lamp Ba15s 21 W
Brake lamp for blackout lighting Ba9s 2W
Convoy lamp Ba9s 2W

Lamp Light source Action if the light source does not light up
End-outline marker lamp LED Renew the entire unit
Side marker lamp LED Renew the entire unit

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Work description

Group 18 Cab

Removing the roof hatch


1 Open the roof hatch.
2 Remove the eye bolts on the mechanism
(one on each side).
3 Remove the roof hatch outer part.
4 Remove the bolts which hold the roof
hatch mechanism in place (two on each
side).
5 Remove the bolts which hold the roof
hatch frame in place (two on each side).
6 Remove the roof hatch mechanism and
frame.

Roof hatch
1 Roof hatch mechanism
2 Eye bolts

Fitting the roof hatch


1 Fit the frame together with the roof hatch
mechanism. Secure the frame with four
bolts.
2 Fit the bolts which hold the mechanism in
place (two on each side).
3 Fit the outer part of the roof hatch.
4 Fit the eye bolts (one on each side).
5 Close the roof hatch.

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Work description

Adjusting the roof hatch


If the roof hatch does not form a tight seal,
adjustment may be required. A description of
roof hatch adjustment follows.
Procedure for vertical roof hatch
adjustment.
1 Undo the bolts securing the roof hatch
lock.
2 Adjust the roof hatch vertically to a
suitable position.
3 Tighten the bolts securing the roof hatch
lock.

Procedure for roof hatch angle adjustment.


1 Undo the eye bolts securing the attachment
of the rear roof hatch arm.
2 Adjust the angle of the roof hatch to a
suitable position.
Adjustment is done by sliding the pins of
the roof hatch arms to a suitable position in
the groove on the brackets.
3 Tighten the eye bolts.

Roof hatch
1 Roof hatch mechanism
2 Eye bolts

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Work description

Group 19 Accessories

Venting cold-weather-adaptation
parts
Poor performance of cold weather adaptation
parts could be caused by air in the system. If
this is the case, the system must be vented.

Note: Coolant filling must always be done via


the designated union under the vehicle cab. See
Scania Multi 02-00 Cooling system.

Venting procedure
1 Start the vehicle engine and auxiliary
heater.
2 Increase engine speed slightly.
3 Shut off the flow of coolant to the cold-
weather-adapted parts using the rotary
control (1) on the fluid distributor.
4 Increase engine speed slightly.
5 Open the flow of coolant to the cold-
weather-adapted parts using the rotary
control (1).
6 Shut off the flow of coolant to the battery
heater using the rotary control (2) located
at the battery heater.
7 Shut off the flow of coolant from the
circulation pump to the cab heater. Rotary control for shutting off coolant flow
The flow is shut off by choking the hose
1 Rotary control for shutting off coolant flow
between the circulation pump branch
to cold-weather-adapted parts.
connection and the cab heater with a clamp
or in another suitable manner. 2 Rotary control for shutting off coolant flow
to the battery heater.
8 Increase engine speed slightly.
9 Open the flow of coolant to the battery
heater using the rotary control (2).
10 Open the flow of coolant between the
circulation pump and the cab heater.

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Work description

Circulation pump, electrical


connection
When a new circulation pump is fitted, the
electrical connector must be renewed. A
description of this procedure follows.
Procedure for renewing the electrical
connector of the circulation pump
1 Remove the electrical connector supplied
with the circulation pump.
Cut close to the connector to leave as much
of the electrical cables as possible.
2 Fit the new connector.
Connect the brown electrical cable to pin 1,
ground connection.
Connect the black electrical cable to pin 2,
current connection.

Note: Note that the black electrical cable of the


circulation pump must be connected like
electrical connection, pin 2. Circulation pump electrical connection

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