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International Space Station

Post-Assembly Accommodations
and Resources

John Uri
Deputy Manager, ISS Payloads Office
AIAA, Reno NV
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January 11, 2007
ISS Configuration

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ISS Payload Racks

International Standard Payload Rack (ISPR) interfaces


Power: 3, 6, or 12 KW, 114.5-126 VDC
Low Rate Data: 1Mbps, MIL-STD- 1553 bus
High Rate Data: 100 Mbps
Local Area Network: Ethernet 10 Mbps (802.4)
Video: NTSC
Gases: Nitrogen, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Helium
Moderate Temp Loop: 16.1 C - 18.3 C; Flow rate=0-45.36 kg/hr
Low Temp Loop: 3.3 C - 5.6 C; Flow rate=233 kg/hr
Venting: 10-3 torr in less than 2 hours
Vacuum: 10-3 torr

Expedite the Processing of Payloads for Partner Module EXPRESS Rack Payload
Interfaces Interfaces
Space Station (EXPRESS) Rack interfaces
Power Control Module -
Mass Capacity: 72 lbs SSPCM Analog +/-

Power: Up to 20 Amps @ 29 VDC


Data: 1553
Rack Interface
RS-422
High Rate
Video: NTSC Controller (RIC)
Video
Gases: 1 Nitrogen (shared)
Thermal: Avionics Air @ 15 scfm Payload Ethernet
Hub Gateway
Vacuum: 1 (shared) Ethernet
(PEHB)
Ethernet

Water Up to 500 W
Nitrogen Nitrogen

AAA

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Destiny Facilities Today
ER2A ER1 ER3A MELFI

EMCS

HRF1 ER5
LAB1O1 LAB1O2 LAB1O3 LAB1O4 LAB1O5 LAB1O6
EXPRESS#2 EXPRESS#3 MELFI ZSR
EXPRESS#1 DDCU#2
(ARIS) (ARIS) SE#117
OVERHEAD SE#14 SE#416 SE#9
SE#15 SE#16

Cupola MSS/
TESS MSG EXPRESS#5 Avionics & CCAA/
HRF#1
STARBOARD SE#18 Moderate
SE#27 SE#13 SE#23 Console TCS SE#3
SE#12
LAB1S1 LAB1S2 LAB1S3 LAB1S4 LAB1S5 LAB1S6
FORWARD AFT

Avionics Avionics WORF Temp Avionics #1/ ARS


DECK #2 #3 CHeCS Cond H2O SE#8
SE#5 SE#6 SE#19 SE#28 SE#4

LAB1D1 LAB1D2 LAB1D3 LAB1D4 LAB1D5 LAB1D6

LAB1P1 LAB1P2 LAB1P3 LAB1P4 LAB1P5 LAB1P6


PORT EXPRESS#4
Lab MSS/
ZSR DDCU#1 HRF#2 CCAA/
Avionics &
SE#114 SE#17 SE#7 Console Low TCS
SE#417 SE#2
SE#11

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ER4 MSG HRF2
Nine NASA Research Racks On Orbit
¾ 2 Human Research Facility (HRF) Racks
ƒ Biomedical investigations, including ultrasound, body mass
measurement, metabolic gas analysis, pulmonary monitoring,
ambulatory blood pressure measurement, Holter monitor, and
experiment unique hardware
¾ 5 Multi-User (EXPRESS) Racks
ƒ Middeck locker scale instruments in various research
disciplines such as biotechnology and plant research
¾ Microgravity Sciences Glovebox (MSG)
ƒ Principally materials and fluid physics experiments to date
¾ Minus Eighty-degree Laboratory Freezer for ISS (MELFI)
Expedition 2 crewmember Susan Expedition 12 crewmember Bill
ƒ Provides thermal conditioning at +4oC, -26oC and -80oC Helms activating the HRF 1 rack McArthur activating the
SLAMMD in the HRF 2 rack

Expedition 3 crewmember Frank


Culbertson conducting cell
culture experiment in CBOSS in
EXPRESS Rack 4

Expedition 13 crewmember Jeff Williams


performing the PFMI experiment in the
Expedition 14 crewmember Mike Microgravity Science Glovebox
Lopez-Alegria conducting TROPI
plant growth experiment in
EMCS in EXPRESS Rack 3
Expedition 14 crewmember 5
Thomas Reiter removing frozen
samples from MELFI
Planned NASA Research Facilities
NASA pressurized payload rack
facilities awaiting launch
¾ Combustion Integrated Rack (CIR)
(2008)
ƒ Facility dedicated to research in
combustion science
¾ Microgravity Science Research
Rack (MSRR) (2008)
ƒ Facility to support ESA Microgravity CIR MSRR
Science Lab furnace
¾ Space Dynamically Responding
Ultrasound Matrix System
(SpaceDRUMS) (2008)
ƒ EXPRESS-based containerless
(ultrasound) processing facility
¾ Window Observation Research
Facility (WORF) (2008)
ƒ Facility to support visual and
multispectral remote sensing using 6
Lab Optical Window SpaceDRUMS WORF
Planned NASA Research Facilities

NASA pressurized payload rack


facilities awaiting launch

¾ EXPRESS Rack 6 (2008)


ƒ Multipurpose payload facility, may
also house ISS Galley elements
¾ Fluids Integrated Rack (FIR)
(2009)
ƒ Facility dedicated to fluid physics
research, with Light Microscope EXPRESS 6 FIR
Module
¾ Muscle Atrophy Research
Exercise System (MARES) (2009)
ƒ Facility for musculoskeletal,
biomechanical, neuromuscular and
neurological physiology
measurements

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MARES
Columbus

1E November 2007

Columbus Module at KSC


EUTEF SOLAR

Biolab European European European Fluid Science


Drawer Rack Physiology Transport Lab 8
Module Carrier
Columbus

European Space Agency (ESA)


Research racks launched in Columbus
¾ European Physiology Module
ƒ Facility for human physiology research in neurosciences, cardiology, bone
and muscle metabolism
¾ Fluid Science Lab
ƒ Multi-user facility for fluid physics research
¾ Biolab
ƒ Facility for cell culture, tissue, microorganisms, small plants and animals
research, includes glovebox, incubator, microscope
¾ European Drawer Rack
ƒ Provide for middeck-class experiments and stowage
¾ European Transport Carrier
ƒ Stowage and transportation rack for experiments

External payloads launched with Columbus


¾ European Technology Exposure Facility (EuTEF)
ƒ Provides a platform for investigators to gather science data on the ISS space
environment
¾ SOLAR
ƒ A platform with coarse pointing capability for three science instruments to 9
monitor the solar flux in different wavelenghts
Kibo

1J/A January 2008


1J February 2008
2J/A October 2008
Kibo Pressurized Module at KSC JEM-EF at TkSC

1J/A HTV1
January 2008 July 2009

SEDA

MAXI SMILES
10
Ryutai Saibo Kobairo
Kibo

Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA)


Research racks launched with pressurized elements or later on HTV
¾ Ryutai (2008)
ƒ Contains four experiments for fluid physics and solution/crystal growth
research, including image processing unit
¾ Saibo (2008)
ƒ Cell biology facility, contains Clean Bench and Cell Biology Experiment
Facility, including glovebox, incubator, microscope, centrifuge
¾ Kobairo (2009)
ƒ Facility contains the Gradient Heating Furnace for materials processing
research

External payloads launched with JEM-EF or later on HTV


¾ Space Environment Data Acquisition (SEDA) (2008)
ƒ Monitor neutron, plasma, atomic oxygen, and heavy ions
¾ Monitor All-sky X-ray Image (MAXI) (2008)
ƒ Observe X-ray bursts by Gas Slit Camera and X-ray CCD Slit Camera
¾ Superconducting Sub millimeter-wave Limb-Emission Sounder (SMILES)
(2009)
ƒ Demonstrate sub-millimeter sensor technology and conduct sub-
millimeter limb-emission sounding of the atmosphere and perform
global observation of trace gases in the Stratosphere 11
Node 3 forward

JLP1F2
starboard

JLP1S2
aft

JLP1A2
port

JLP1P2
AVCO AVCO AVCO AVCO
NOD3F5 NOD3S5 NOD3A5 NOD3P5
WRS1 OGS Avionics TVIS-II
SE#315 SE#313 #1
SE#311 SE#45 JLP1F1 JLP1S1 JLP1A1 JLP1P1
AVCO AVCO AVCO AVCO
NOD3F4 NOD3S4 NOD3A4 NOD3P4
WRS2 Avionics
ARS HC
SE#316 SE#314 #2
SE#317
SE#312
JEM ELM-PS
Radial JPM1O5 JPM1O4 JPM 1O 3 JPM 1O2 JPM1O1
Cupola Port
overhead DMS-1 JEM/ICS AVCO AVCO DMS-2
SE#306
SE#351 SE#360 SE#352

forward starboard aft port


aft
J JPM1A6
RMS
JPM1A5
ZSR
JPM 1A4
ZSR
JPM1A3
RYUTA1
JPM1A2
SAIBO
JPM1A1
ZSR
SE#355 SE#122 SE#123 SE#364 SE#365 SE#125
E JPM 1D6 JPM1D5 JPM1D4 JPM 1D3 JPM1D2 JPM1D1
TCS-2 EPS-2 MELFI JRSR EPS-1 TCS-1
NASA Payload Rack deck
M SE#357 SE#359 SE#25 SE#353 SE#358 SE#356

JPM1F6 JPM1F5 JPM1F4 JPM1F3 JPM 1F2 JPM1F1


IP Payload Rack EXPR
AVCO KOBAIRO ZSR EXPR #5
forward #4 W/S
SE#17 SE#362 SE#366 SE#124 SE#23

NOD1O 4 LAB1O6 LAB1O5 LAB1O4 LAB1O3 LAB1O2 LAB1O1 NOD2O5 NOD2O4


Z1 Galley MSRR#1 EXPR #2
ZSR DDCU #2 CHeCS 2 EXPR #1 ZSR DDCU CAM overhead
overhead (ER#6) (ARIS) ( ARIS)
N SE#110 Truss SE#9 SE#55 SE#53 SE#22 SE#14 SE#15
N SE#118
NOD2P5
SE#301

NOD2P4
LAB1P5 LAB1P3 LAB1P2 LAB1P1
FGB port o
NOD1P4
ZSR
SE#111
L LAB1P6
TCS
SE#2
MSS/AV
SE#11
LAB1P4
AVCO DDCU #1
SE#7
AVCO AVCO o Crew
Qtrs
SE#60
DDCU
SE#304
JEM port

d NOD1D4
a LAB1D6 LAB1D5 LAB1D4 LAB1D3 LAB1D2 LAB1D1 d NOD2D5 NOD2D4
Avionics Avionics Crew
deck
e RSR
SE#381
b ARS
SE#8
Avionics
#1
SE#4
CHeCS 1
SE#28
WORF
SE#19
#3
SE#6
#2
SE#5 e Qtrs
SE#62
DDCU
SE#303
MPL
M deck

starboard
1 NOD1S4
ZSR Airlock
LAB1S6
TCS
LAB1S5
MSS/AV
LAB1S4
AVCO
LAB1S3
FIR
LAB1S2
CIR
LAB1S1
TeSS
2 NOD2S5
Crew
Qtrs
NOD2S4

DDCU APM starboard


(ARIS) ( PaRIS)
SE#116 SE#3 SE#12 SE#370 SE#21 SE#27 SE#63 SE#302

AIR1O1
Stowage overhead
A SE#191
COL1O4 COL1O3 COL1O2 COL1O 1
i AIR1A1 overhead C ZSR ZSR ZSR FSL
Avionics port SE#121 SE#120 SE#117 SE#412
r SE#194 o COL1A4 COL1A3 COL1A2 COL1A1
l AIR1D1 port l HRF#2 EPM Bio Lab
EXPR #3
(ARIS)
o Stowage deck u SE#417 SE#413 SE#414 SE#16
SE#192
c m COL1D4 COL1D3 COL1D2 COL1D1
AIR1F1 ESR System System System
k CA Equip starboard
deck
b SE#415 SE#400 SE#400 SE#400
SE#193
u COL1F4 COL1F3 COL1F2 COL1F 1
starboard
SE#13
s HRF#1 MARES
SE#419
MSG EDR
SE#411
SE#18

Subsystem
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Stowage
Post-Assembly Research Complement
o Life sciences
™ 2 HRF, EPM, MARES in Columbus
™ EMCS in EXPRESS Rack in Columbus
™ Biolab in Columbus
™ Saibo in Kibo
™ MELFI in Kibo
o Fluid physics
™ FIR in Destiny, FSL in Columbus, Ryutai in Kibo
o Combustion science
™ CIR in Destiny
o Materials science
™ MSG in Columbus
™ MSRR in Destiny
™ Kobairo in Kibo
™ SpaceDRUMS in EXPRESS Rack in Kibo
o Earth Observation
™ WORF in Destiny
o Multidisciplinary facilities (e.g., biotechnology)
™ 6 EXPRESS Racks in Destiny, Columbus and Kibo 13
™ EDR in Columbus
Cold Stowage Accommodations
MELFI MERLIN GLACIER Single and
Double
Coldbag
w/ICEPAC’s

On-orbit stowage Yes Possible Possible No


Transport No Yes Yes Yes
Power Yes Yes Yes No
On-orbit +4, -26, -80 +45 to -20 +4 to -185 N/A
temperature (oC)
Transport N/A +45 to -5 +4 to -160 +4 to -32
temperature (oC)
Useable volume (L) 175 19 30 6.8/18.7

External volume 1 rack 1 MLE 2 MLE 0.5/1 MLE


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External Payload Accommodations

US Port Truss Attachment Sites

US Starboard Truss Attachment Sites

JEM Exposed Facility

Columbus External Payload Facility


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EXPRESS Logistics Carrier
5 EXPRESS Logistics Carriers (ELC) are planned for 2009-2010
Mass Capacity 3,636 kg
Volume 30 m3
Power 3 kW, 113-126 VDC
Low Data Rate 1 Mbps
High Data Rate 6 Mbps (shared)
Local Area Network 6 Mbps (Ethernet)

Single Adapter Site


Mass Capacity 230 kg
Volume 1 m3
12 sites per carrier;
Power 750 W, 113-126 VDC
2 sites with payload
500 W @ 28 VDC
power and data
per adapter
services
Thermal Passive
Low Data Rate 1 Mbps
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Medium Data Rate 6 Mbps (shared)
IP External Platforms
Columbus External Payload Facility – 4 sites
Mass Capacity 230 kg

Volume 1 m3

Power 2.5 kW total to carrier


(shared)
Thermal Passive

Low Data Rate 1 Mbps

Medium Data Rate 2 Mbps (shared)

JEM Exposed Facility – 10 sites


Mass Capacity 500 kg standard site
2,500 kg large site
Volume 1.5 m3

Power 3 kW, 113-126 VDC

Thermal 3 kW cooling

Low Data Rate 1 Mbps

Medium Data Rate 10 Mbps


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High Data Rate 95 Mbps (shared)
Transportation Capabilities

Soyuz Progress ATV HTV Orion COTS

Up Crew, Passive Passive Passive Crew, Passive


limited cargo pressurized pressurized passive and active
passive (limited cargo cargo and and active (?) cargo
cargo capability ISPR’s, cargo
for active passive
cargo) external
cargo
Down Crew, N/A N/A N/A Crew, Passive
very passive and active
limited and active (?) cargo
passive cargo
cargo 18
Summary

o ISS assembly and utilization to date have


been relatively trouble-free
o A robust on-orbit research infrastructure
already exists and has yielded a significant
amount of valuable research
o This infrastructure will be significantly
expanded in the next few years, enhancing
pressurized and unpressurized research
capabilities
o International collaboration will take on
increasing importance
o A fleet of transportation vehicles will be
available
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