International Space Station Post-Assembly Accommodations and Resources

John Uri Deputy Manager, ISS Payloads Office AIAA, Reno NV January 11, 2007

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ISS Configuration

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ISS Payload Racks
International Standard Payload Rack (ISPR) interfaces
Power: Low Rate Data: High Rate Data: Local Area Network: Video: Gases: Moderate Temp Loop: Low Temp Loop: Venting: Vacuum: 3, 6, or 12 KW, 114.5-126 VDC 1Mbps, MIL-STD- 1553 bus 100 Mbps Ethernet 10 Mbps (802.4) NTSC Nitrogen, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Helium 16.1 C - 18.3 C; Flow rate=0-45.36 kg/hr 3.3 C - 5.6 C; Flow rate=233 kg/hr 10-3 torr in less than 2 hours 10-3 torr

Expedite the Processing of Payloads for Space Station (EXPRESS) Rack interfaces
Mass Capacity: Power: Data: Video: Gases: Thermal: Vacuum: Water 72 lbs Up to 20 Amps @ 29 VDC NTSC 1 Nitrogen (shared) Avionics Air @ 15 scfm 1 (shared) Up to 500 W

Partner Module Interfaces

EXPRESS Rack
Power Control Module SSPCM

Payload Interfaces
Analog +/-

1553 High Rate Video

RS-422 Rack Interface Controller (RIC)

Ethernet

Payload Ethernet Hub Gateway (PEHB)

Ethernet

Nitrogen

Nitrogen

AAA

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Destiny Facilities Today
ER2A ER1 ER3A EMCS MELFI

HRF1
LAB1O1
EXPRESS#2 OVERHEAD

ER5
LAB1O2
EXPRESS#1

LAB1O3
EXPRESS#3

LAB1O4
MELFI

LAB1O5
ZSR SE#117

LAB1O6
DDCU#2 SE#9

(ARIS) SE#15

SE#14

(ARIS) SE#16

SE#416

STARBOARD

TESS SE#27

HRF#1 SE#13

MSG SE#18

EXPRESS#5

SE#23

Cupola MSS/ Avionics & Console SE#12

CCAA/ Moderate TCS SE#3

FORWARD

LAB1S1
Avionics #2 SE#5

LAB1S2
Avionics #3 SE#6

LAB1S3
WORF SE#19

LAB1S4
Temp CHeCS SE#28

LAB1S5
Avionics #1/ Cond H2O SE#4

LAB1S6
AFT

DECK

ARS SE#8

LAB1D1 LAB1P1
PORT

LAB1D2 LAB1P2
EXPRESS#4

LAB1D3 LAB1P3
DDCU#1 SE#7

LAB1D4 LAB1P4
HRF#2 SE#417

LAB1D5 LAB1P5
Lab MSS/ Avionics & Console SE#11

LAB1D6 LAB1P6
CCAA/ Low TCS SE#2

ZSR SE#114

SE#17

4 ER4 MSG HRF2

Nine NASA Research Racks On Orbit
2 Human Research Facility (HRF) Racks
Biomedical investigations, including ultrasound, body mass measurement, metabolic gas analysis, pulmonary monitoring, ambulatory blood pressure measurement, Holter monitor, and experiment unique hardware

5 Multi-User (EXPRESS) Racks
Middeck locker scale instruments in various research disciplines such as biotechnology and plant research

Microgravity Sciences Glovebox (MSG)
Principally materials and fluid physics experiments to date

Minus Eighty-degree Laboratory Freezer for ISS (MELFI)
Provides thermal conditioning at +4oC, -26oC and -80oC
Expedition 3 crewmember Frank Culbertson conducting cell culture experiment in CBOSS in EXPRESS Rack 4

Expedition 2 crewmember Susan Helms activating the HRF 1 rack

Expedition 12 crewmember Bill McArthur activating the SLAMMD in the HRF 2 rack

Expedition 14 crewmember Mike Lopez-Alegria conducting TROPI plant growth experiment in EMCS in EXPRESS Rack 3

Expedition 13 crewmember Jeff Williams performing the PFMI experiment in the Microgravity Science Glovebox Expedition 14 crewmember Thomas Reiter removing frozen samples from MELFI

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Planned NASA Research Facilities
NASA pressurized payload rack facilities awaiting launch Combustion Integrated Rack (CIR) (2008)
Facility dedicated to research in combustion science

Microgravity Science Research Rack (MSRR) (2008)
Facility to support ESA Microgravity Science Lab furnace
CIR MSRR

Space Dynamically Responding Ultrasound Matrix System (SpaceDRUMS) (2008)
EXPRESS-based containerless (ultrasound) processing facility

Window Observation Research Facility (WORF) (2008)
Facility to support visual and multispectral remote sensing using Lab Optical Window
6 SpaceDRUMS WORF

Planned NASA Research Facilities
NASA pressurized payload rack facilities awaiting launch EXPRESS Rack 6 (2008)
Multipurpose payload facility, may also house ISS Galley elements

Fluids Integrated Rack (FIR) (2009)
Facility dedicated to fluid physics research, with Light Microscope Module
EXPRESS 6 FIR

Muscle Atrophy Research Exercise System (MARES) (2009)
Facility for musculoskeletal, biomechanical, neuromuscular and neurological physiology measurements
7 MARES

Columbus
1E November 2007

Columbus Module at KSC EUTEF SOLAR

Biolab

European Drawer Rack

European Physiology Module

European Transport Carrier

Fluid Science Lab 8

Columbus
European Space Agency (ESA)
Research racks launched in Columbus European Physiology Module Facility for human physiology research in neurosciences, cardiology, bone and muscle metabolism Fluid Science Lab Multi-user facility for fluid physics research Biolab Facility for cell culture, tissue, microorganisms, small plants and animals research, includes glovebox, incubator, microscope European Drawer Rack Provide for middeck-class experiments and stowage European Transport Carrier Stowage and transportation rack for experiments External payloads launched with Columbus European Technology Exposure Facility (EuTEF) Provides a platform for investigators to gather science data on the ISS space environment SOLAR 9 A platform with coarse pointing capability for three science instruments to monitor the solar flux in different wavelenghts

Kibo
1J/A January 2008 1J February 2008 2J/A October 2008
Kibo Pressurized Module at KSC JEM-EF at TkSC

1J/A January 2008

HTV1 July 2009

SEDA

MAXI Ryutai Saibo Kobairo

SMILES
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Kibo
Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA)
Research racks launched with pressurized elements or later on HTV Ryutai (2008) Contains four experiments for fluid physics and solution/crystal growth research, including image processing unit Saibo (2008) Cell biology facility, contains Clean Bench and Cell Biology Experiment Facility, including glovebox, incubator, microscope, centrifuge Kobairo (2009) Facility contains the Gradient Heating Furnace for materials processing research External payloads launched with JEM-EF or later on HTV Space Environment Data Acquisition (SEDA) (2008) Monitor neutron, plasma, atomic oxygen, and heavy ions Monitor All-sky X-ray Image (MAXI) (2008) Observe X-ray bursts by Gas Slit Camera and X-ray CCD Slit Camera Superconducting Sub millimeter-wave Limb-Emission Sounder (SMILES) (2009) Demonstrate sub-millimeter sensor technology and conduct submillimeter limb-emission sounding of the atmosphere and perform global observation of trace gases in the Stratosphere

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Node 3
NOD3F5 NOD3S5 WRS1 OGS SE#315 SE#313 NOD3A5 Avionics #1 SE#311 NOD3P5 TVIS-II SE#45 NOD3F4 NOD3S4 WRS2 ARS SE#316 SE#314 NOD3A4 NOD3P4 Avionics HC #2 SE#317 SE#312

forward JLP1F2 AVCO

starboard JLP1S2 AVCO

aft JLP1A2 AVCO

port JLP1P2 AVCO

JLP1F1 AVCO

JLP1S1 AVCO

JLP1A1 AVCO

JLP1P1 AVCO

JEM ELM-PS
overhead Radial Port JPM1O5 DMS-1 SE#351 JPM1O4 JEM/ICS SE#360 JPM 1A4 ZSR SE#123 JPM1D4 MELFI SE#25 JPM1F4 W/S SE#362 JPM1A3 RYUTA1 SE#364 JPM 1D3 JRSR SE#353 JPM1F3 KOBAIRO SE#366 JPM1A2 SAIBO SE#365 JPM1D2 EPS-1 SE#358 JPM 1F2 ZSR SE#124 JPM 1O 3 AVCO JPM 1O2 AVCO JPM1O1 DMS-2 SE#352 JPM1A1 ZSR SE#125 JPM1D1 TCS-1 SE#356 JPM1F1 EXPR #5 SE#23

Cupola SE#306 forward starboard aft port

aft

NASA Payload Rack IP Payload Rack

deck

J E M

JPM1A6 RMS SE#355 JPM 1D6 TCS-2 SE#357 JPM1F6 EXPR #4 SE#17

JPM1A5 ZSR SE#122 JPM1D5 EPS-2 SE#359 JPM1F5 AVCO

forward

NOD1O 4 overhead

LAB1O6 Z1 Truss DDCU #2 SE#9

LAB1O5 CHeCS 2 SE#55 LAB1P5 MSS/AV SE#11 LAB1D5 Avionics #1 SE#4 LAB1S5 MSS/AV SE#12

FGB

port

deck

starboard

N o d e 1

ZSR SE#110 NOD1P4 ZSR SE#111 NOD1D4 RSR SE#381 NOD1S4 ZSR SE#116

LAB1O4 Galley (ER#6) SE#53 LAB1P4 AVCO

LAB1O3 MSRR#1 (ARIS) SE#22 LAB1P3 DDCU #1 SE#7

LAB1O2 EXPR #1 SE#14 LAB1P2 AVCO

LAB1O1 EXPR #2 ( ARIS) SE#15 LAB1P1 AVCO

NOD2O5 ZSR

NOD2O4 DDCU SE#301 NOD2P4 DDCU SE#304 NOD2D4 DDCU SE#303 NOD2S4 DDCU SE#302 APM starboard MPL M deck JEM port CAM overhead

L a b
Airlock

LAB1P6 TCS SE#2 LAB1D6 ARS SE#8 LAB1S6 TCS SE#3

LAB1D4 CHeCS 1 SE#28 LAB1S4 AVCO

LAB1D3 WORF SE#19 LAB1S3 FIR (ARIS) SE#370

LAB1D2 Avionics #3 SE#6 LAB1S2 CIR ( PaRIS) SE#21

LAB1D1 Avionics #2 SE#5 LAB1S1 TeSS SE#27

N o d e 2

SE#118 NOD2P5 Crew Qtrs SE#60 NOD2D5 Crew Qtrs SE#62 NOD2S5 Crew Qtrs SE#63

AIR1O1

A i r l o c k

Stowage SE#191 AIR1A1 Avionics SE#194 AIR1D1 Stowage SE#192 AIR1F1 CA Equip SE#193

overhead COL1O4 overhead port COL1O3 ZSR SE#120 COL1A3 EPM SE#413 COL1D3 System SE#400 COL1F3 MARES SE#419 COL1O2 ZSR SE#117 COL1A2 Bio Lab SE#414 COL1D2 System SE#400 COL1F2 MSG SE#18 COL1O 1 FSL SE#412 COL1A1 EXPR #3 (ARIS) SE#16 COL1D1 System SE#400 COL1F 1 EDR SE#411

port deck

deck starboard

starboard SE#13

C o l u m b u s

ZSR SE#121 COL1A4 HRF#2 SE#417 COL1D4 ESR SE#415 COL1F4 HRF#1

Subsystem Stowage

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Post-Assembly Research Complement
o Life sciences
2 HRF, EPM, MARES in Columbus EMCS in EXPRESS Rack in Columbus Biolab in Columbus Saibo in Kibo MELFI in Kibo

o o o

Fluid physics
FIR in Destiny, FSL in Columbus, Ryutai in Kibo

Combustion science
CIR in Destiny

Materials science
MSG in Columbus MSRR in Destiny Kobairo in Kibo SpaceDRUMS in EXPRESS Rack in Kibo

o o

Earth Observation
WORF in Destiny

Multidisciplinary facilities (e.g., biotechnology)
6 EXPRESS Racks in Destiny, Columbus and Kibo EDR in Columbus
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Cold Stowage Accommodations
MELFI MERLIN GLACIER Single and Double Coldbag w/ICEPAC’s

On-orbit stowage Transport Power On-orbit temperature (oC) Transport temperature (oC) Useable volume (L) External volume

Yes No Yes +4, -26, -80 N/A 175 1 rack

Possible Yes Yes +45 to -20 +45 to -5 19 1 MLE

Possible Yes Yes +4 to -185 +4 to -160 30 2 MLE

No Yes No N/A +4 to -32 6.8/18.7 0.5/1 MLE
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External Payload Accommodations

US Port Truss Attachment Sites

US Starboard Truss Attachment Sites JEM Exposed Facility

Columbus External Payload Facility
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EXPRESS Logistics Carrier
5 EXPRESS Logistics Carriers (ELC) are planned for 2009-2010
Mass Capacity Volume Power Low Data Rate High Data Rate Local Area Network 3,636 kg 30 m3 3 kW, 113-126 VDC 1 Mbps 6 Mbps (shared) 6 Mbps (Ethernet)

Single Adapter Site
Mass Capacity 230 kg 1 m3 750 W, 113-126 VDC 500 W @ 28 VDC per adapter Thermal Low Data Rate Medium Data Rate Passive 1 Mbps Volume Power

12 sites per carrier; 2 sites with payload power and data services

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6 Mbps (shared)

IP External Platforms
Columbus External Payload Facility – 4 sites
Mass Capacity Volume Power Thermal Low Data Rate Medium Data Rate 230 kg 1 m3 2.5 kW total to carrier (shared) Passive 1 Mbps 2 Mbps (shared)

JEM Exposed Facility – 10 sites
Mass Capacity 500 kg standard site 2,500 kg large site Volume Power Thermal Low Data Rate Medium Data Rate High Data Rate 1.5 m3 3 kW, 113-126 VDC 3 kW cooling 1 Mbps 10 Mbps 95 Mbps (shared)

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Transportation Capabilities
Soyuz Progress ATV HTV Orion COTS

Up

Crew, limited passive cargo

Passive cargo (limited capability for active cargo) N/A

Passive pressurized cargo

Passive pressurized cargo and ISPR’s, passive external cargo N/A

Crew, passive and active cargo

Passive and active (?) cargo

Down

Crew, very limited passive cargo

N/A

Crew, passive and active cargo

Passive and active (?) cargo
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Summary
o ISS assembly and utilization to date have been relatively trouble-free o A robust on-orbit research infrastructure already exists and has yielded a significant amount of valuable research o This infrastructure will be significantly expanded in the next few years, enhancing pressurized and unpressurized research capabilities o International collaboration will take on increasing importance o A fleet of transportation vehicles will be available
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