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Type of Hazard Examples

Machine Tool injuries Cuts, abrasions,

ejections, shearing,
cutting, drawing in,
chopping etc

Electrical shock Damaged cabling, poor

earthing etc leading to
contact with live
electrical source

Falling from height,

slipping on wet floor
surfaces, tripping over
obstructions etc

Fire Flammable materials

and substances
Injury to personnel and
destruction of property

Cuts, puncture wounds, burns Cuts and injury through

and abrasions using equipments, slips
and falls etc

Injury from lifting/handling Moving heavy items,

repetitive handling,
difficult postures

Compressed air hazard Compressed air line

being used irresponsibly

Hazardous Substances Metal fumes, solvents,

acids, airborne dust,

Failure of PPE Unsuitable, damaged or

contaminated PPE
offering no or limited

Spillage of liquid waste oils or Contamination of

coolants working area by
hazardous liquid
Poor or inadequate ventilation Failure of ventilation or
and/or heating heating systems

Stress Ill health and irritability

Personal Safety Lone and late working

Details of Risk
1) Danger to staff from use of Machine
Tools. 2) Insufficient lighting levels

1) Danger from electrocution due to faulty

electrical appliances not maintained in a
safe condition. 2) Electrocution whilst
repairing or using a repaired item of
equipment. 3) Risk of electrocution from
mains supply.

1) Floors and walkways obstructed with

clutter. 2) Accumulation of materials
leading to items being placed on top of
cabinets, lockers and left on benches. 3)
Damaged flooring/carpeting creating a Trip
Hazard. 4) Unclean and untidy workshop,
not kept clean to a satisfactory standard.

1) Accumulation of waste and flammable

materials. 2) Staff not trained in Fire Safety.
3) Smoking related fires. 4) Sources of
ignition. 5) Electrical fires
FIRST AID- Incorrect or poor treatment of
injured personnel 1) Lack of staff awareness
with regard to First Aid arrangements. 2)
Not enough First Aid boxes available, not
very well stocked and poorly maintained.

1) Risk of injury from manual handling,

lifting pushing, dragging etc. 2) Lack of
Manual Handling Assessments.

1) Swarf blown into eyes whilst blowing

swarf away from work piece or cleaning
down machine. 2) Injection of air through

COSHH- 1) Use of harmful substances or

chemicals. 2) Unsuitable COSHH items
being stored or used in workshops.

1) Use of damaged PPE leading to failure to

protect the user from contaminants. 2)
Unsuitable PPE being used and failing to
protect user from contaminants. 3)
Contamination of user from dirty PPE. 4)
Type of PPE to be worn

1) Spillage of waste oils and coolants. 2)

Seepage of either liquid waste or oil and
coolant drums
Uncomfortable working conditions due to
cold or unventilated conditions

STRESS Leading to ill health.

1) Lack of emergency support

Recommended Control Measure Required
1) Only Authorised Users allowed to operate workshop equipment. Risk
Assessments must be available for all items of machine tool usage. Planned
preventative maintenance programme in place as well as emergency repair
procedure for all machines and tooling. 2) Adequate normal and emergency
lighting provided and maintained by Estates. Low voltage Stroboscopic lighting to
be used on rotating machine tools.

1) All Portable Appliances Testing (PAT) is to be carried out at correct intervals. No

electrical appliances are to be used under any circumstances without prior PAT, this
includes privately owned items brought into workshops. All items should have a
visual inspection by the user prior to use to check for faulty wires, plugs etc. Any
damage should be reported to the School Health & Safety Advisor immediately and
the item MUST NOT be used. 2) No electrical repairs are to be carried out by
persons not deemed to be a competent electrician under any circumstances. 3)
Baseline contract in place for regular checks of continuity, mains inwards and
building supplies

1) All floors and walkways to be kept clear of clutter, materials, tooling and
belongings at all times. Swarf and machining waste should be cleared away at the
end of every job as well as the end of the working day. 2) Staff to review their
holdings. Only suitable and maintained steps to be used to gain access to height,
chairs and desks must not be used instead of steps under any circumstances. 3) All
flooring, mats and carpets are to be inspected on a regular basis and any damage
reported to responsible person immediately. 4) Spillages are to be cleaned up
immediately (spillage kit should be labelled and persons trained in its use).

1) Good housekeeping standards to be maintained at all times, emptying of bins

and removal of waste materials to be carried out daily. 2) All personnel to attend
Induction Training which is to include information on evacuation and assembly
drills. 3) University No Smoking Policy does not allow smoking to take place in any
workshops or buildings under any circumstances. 4) All staff are to be vigilante in
identifying any sources of ignition and either remove the source and/or report to
responsible person immediately. 5) All electrical appliances must be PAT tested and
have an In Date sticker attached. Appliances and machine tools should be
switched off at the end of the working day.
1) Staff and students should be reminded on a regular basis of the correct
emergency procedures in the event of an accident. 2) First aid boxes should be
maintained on a regular basis, located at key locations with a current list of First
Aiders. All accidents must be reported on the Forms provided. Any queries should
be directed to the School Health & Safety Advisor

1) All manual handling of items other than small items and equipments are not to
be carried out unless deemed to be safe to lift or move. 2) Manual Handling
Assessments to be carried out when required.

1) Wrap around Safety Glasses must be worn when using compressed air to move
swarf, including personnel within operating area. 2) Compressed air always
directed away from body and only low pressure airlines used

1) All harmful substances kept to a minimum, stored correctly and COSHH

Assessments carried out. 2) Only appropriate type COSHH items to the research are
to be used and stored in fire proof cabinets when not in use. *Eating and drinking is
only allowed in COSHH Free environments

1) PPE to be inspected prior to use and a vigorous and detailed inspection to take
place when using an item of PPE for the first time, or after a long period of
inactivity. 2) All PPE used must be of the type identified on the COSHH Risk
Assessment, unsuitable substitutes must not be used. 3) All PPE must be stored in
a suitable cupboard / locker / drawer when not in use, and must not be left lying
around on worktops or on equipment between use and at the end of play each day.
All PPE should be cleaned regularly with suitable cleaning agents or wipes,
especially in the case of shared or pooled items. 4) Safety boots/shoes and
coveralls or lab coats must be worn at all times when actively working within the
confines of the workshop.

1) All containers full or partially full must be bunded accordingly. 2) Damaged

containers must be decanted and disposed of
All ventilation and heating systems are maintained and serviced by Estates
baseline contract

1) All Managers must constantly monitor their staff for any signs of stress. This
should include regular contact with staff, monitoring of Sick Leave especially when
associated with repetitious minor ailments. Occupational Health or similar should
be used to assist in the early identification of symptoms, and staff should be
encouraged to undergo Lifestyle Screening when Stress is identified.

1) Lone and late working on low risk tasks should be kept to a minimum whenever
possible, and Late Work Forms (LTWK99) and Risk Assessments must be completed
by the appropriate members of staff or student and signed by the School Health
and Safety Advisor before work commences. Late working involving chemical
processes involving quantities of hazardous substances and the running of plant
and/or electrical or mechanical equipments is prohibited without the appropriate