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DISCUSSION TEXTS points to show order

Clear title to show what it is Imperative (bossy) verbs (eg

about mix/stir)
Opening paragraph- introduces Short, clear sentences
key issues/ summary of Diagrams/illustrations
Arguments FOR with
Arguments AGAINSTwith
Conclusion- summary of key PERSUASIVE TEXTS
points and shown own Title implies a point of view
viewpoint Opening sentence to hook the
I have used: the correct tense reader
Appropriate Reasons to support viewpoint
connectives Facts and evidence to support
(eg therefore, reasons
however) Connectives to link ideas (eg
however, therefore,
Persuasive devices: agreement
Clear title to show what is obviously, without
being explained doubt)
Opening statement to Powerful
introduce the process adjectives
Clear steps to show HOW or Rhetorical
WHY something occurs questions
In order or events Conclusion to summarise and
Time connectives (eg first, state opinion
Causal connectives (eg
because, so, this causes) RECOUNT TEXTS
Used Opening paragraph includes
illustrations/diagrams/flow four Ws- When? Who? What?
charts to make explanation Where?
clear Time connectives ( eg in the
morning, later, meanwhile)
Past tense
Powerful verbs
INSTRUCTIONS Details to add interest for
I have used How to in my reader
title Conclusion refers back to
List showing opening
Numbers/ letters or bullet REPORT TEXTS
Title and opening sentences
clearly explain what the report STORY OPENING
is about I have hooked the reader with
Paragraph of information for an interesting opening
each of my headings I have made the reader ask
Tables/pictures/diagrams to add questions about the story
information I have included dramatic
Facts are linked within each actions
paragraph I have introduced something
Conclusion- summary of key intriguing
Factual language
Appropriate tense STORY PROBLEM
An interesting sentence to end There is at least one problem to
the report be resolved
I have built up an atmosphere
through description
Dialogue to add extra
Senses used to develop
STORY CHARACTERS character and plot
A well chosen name
Characters actions hint at what
they are like
Powerful verbs to show feelings STORY RESOLUTION
and behaviour Refers back to opening
Dialogue gives more The problem is solved
information about characters The character has learnt
I have written about my something or has changed
characters inner thoughts and Unexpected help to resolve the
feelings problem


I have made events interesting The place has a name
to make the reader read on Details make the place
Events are linked within believable
paragraphs I have described: the weather
Complex sentences The time of day
Short, simple sentences used What can be
for effect seen
Actions and descriptions What can be
Similes to describe somebodys heard
reaction What can be felt
Metaphors to describe Adjectives build up an
characters feelings atmosphere and allow reader to
picture the setting in their head
Short sentences for effect
Suspense built up (eg Without
Ask reader questions (eg What
was that noise?)
Scary sounds (eg howling)
Descriptions of places (eg The
gloomy room/chilly air hung in
the hallway)
Words used for effect (eg
Silence! Deadly!)
Certain things hidden from
reader (eg how the window
was smashed)