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# How to determine the receiver stasis temperature. Also some system efficiencies.

How hot can a receiver get?
Solar Insolation 1000W/m^2 Standard teresterial solar insolation.
1/2 Spherical Area 100.5'^2 This assumes the receiver is exposed for reradiation only on one
Dish Area, (or lens) 16.0'^2 The concentrator solar capture area.
F number (approxamate) 0.89 Approxamate "F" number.
Spherical Area Ratio 15.2% Percentage of the receivers viewing angle that is taken up by the
Sun Temp 10000F Assumed standard solar surface temperature.
Ambient Temp (measured) 50F Ambient temperature used for thermal temperature rise calculatio
Reflectivity, (or transmisivity) 85.0% How much power is left over after going through the concentrator
Theoretical Receiver StasisTemp 1338F How hot a perfect black body can get if no power is extracted.
Stasis Temp (measured) 1100F How hot did it realy get?
Collector Quality 78.5% OK, it didin't get to the theoretical value but close.

Thermal output power at lower receiver temperatures.
Operating Temp 250F 560F Receiver operating temperature.
Stasis Efficiency 81.0% Receiver operating efficiency assuming measured stasis tempera
Total Collector Efficiency 68.8% Total efficiency including receiver and reflector losses.
Thermal Output 1023W Receiver thermal output in Watts

Calculate the Carnot efficiencies
Carnot Efficiency 28.2% Carnot calculation.
Carnot Power 288W Power with perfect Carnot heat engine
System Efficiency (Carnot) 19.4% System efficiency assuming a perfect Carnot heat engine.

Calculate Steam efficiencies
Steam Efficiency 12.0% Assumed steam engine efficiency.
Steam Power (Shaft) 123W Power with assumed steam efficiency.
System Efficiency (Shaft) 8.3% System steam efficiency.

Convert shaft to electric
Shaft to Electric Efficiency 90.0% Assumed shaft to electric efficiency.
Electric Power 110W Electric power output.
System Efficiency (Electric) 7.4% Total system solar to electric efficiency.

. ermal temperature rise calculations. l value but close. ing angle that is taken up by the concentrator. suming measured stasis temperature r and reflector losses. temperature. erfect Carnot heat engine.posed for reradiation only on one side and perfect insulation on the other. r going through the concentrator. n get if no power is extracted.