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Produced Water- Case Study

An Effective and Economical Solution for Oil Production Sites


Introduction while the heat lowers its viscosity. After BPC's Solution to Client's Need
BioPetroClean has successfully completed this water is cooled and as much of the oil The BPC solution in this project involved
a project for produced water treatment. is extracted, the remaining wastewater three stages. First, a feasibility study and
One of India's governmental companies requires cleaning to eliminate all of the extensive analyses of wastewater
for oil excavation and production was additional oils and other organic and samples from the clients site were
searching for a wastewater purification inorganic compounds. The annual volume performed at BPCs laboratory. Next,
process that will allow re-injection of of produced water is currently estimated based on the lab results, BPC designed
produced water and will also be cost- at 77 billion barrels (bbl) and is expected and implemented a pilot system that
effective and easily operated. The BPC- to grow exponentially in the coming included a BPC-ACT bioreactor and a
ACT treatment was straightforward and years. These high quantities represent the cascade of post-treatments. Finally,
simple, resulting in a significantly lower overwhelming majority of the volume of based on the on-site experience, BPC was
sludge level, which allowed a more waste streams produced by the oil and able to design a full-scale process, which
effective and economical post-treatment gas industry. was submitted to the client for approval.
and disinfection of the produced water. BPC's innovative, efficient and cost- Preliminary Lab Analysis
effective technology is a potent solution BPC received samples of the clients
for produced water purification. wastewater and analyzed them
Prior to implementing BPC's suggested extensively in order to develop an
solution, the client utilized a heater- optimal biodegradation process.
treater followed by a simple chemical Following basic characterization of the
treatment. water (which included measurements of
BPC's Technology the carbon and nitrogen load, as well as
BPC's cutting-edge biological method for the pH and salinity and other
wastewater treatment offers an elegant parameters), the water underwent
and simple solution to overcome the several stages of biological treatments.
existing challenges of conventional These cycles allowed for optimization the
biological methods. The method, known bacterial cocktail that was later used for
as Automated Chemostat Treatment the pilot experiment. The preliminary
(ACT), is based on maintaining a pre- water characterization and the biological
selected bacterial cocktail tailored for treatment performed in BPC's labs are
Figure 1: BPC installation for purification of the wastewater type at a stable and low presented in the table below.
produced water concentration while monitoring the Pilot Configuration and
Produced water, also known as drilling system with a fully automated control
water, is wastewater created by the unit. The control unit measures the Implementation
process of petroleum extraction from various parameters of the influent, After completing the lab analysis and
underground reservoirs. Large quantities including COD, TPH, salinity, turbidity and demonstrating the viability of ACT as an
of high pressure, very hot water are pH, among others. The control unit is effective bioremediation solution, BPC
pumped into the petroleum reservoir able to adjust the conditions in the proceeded with an on-site pilot project.
during the mining process. The water The pilot system included the BPC-ACT
bioreactor in order to maintain a stable
pressure forces the petroleum upward, bioreactor, followed by a clarifier,
output and prevent system upsets.
ultrafiltration and de-contamination with
biocides for fine-tuning of the water
quality. The pilot system operated for a
period of eight weeks. The system was
dedicated to the treatment of produced
water sourced from the clients regional
oil production sites. Produced water
underwent biological treatment in the
BPC-ACT bioreactor using the pre-
selected bacterial cocktail. Following the
bioremediation process, the treated
water was sent first to a mixer then a
clarifier. The upper phase then
Produced Water- Case Study
An Effective and Economical Solution for Oil Production Sites
TM
underwent ultrafiltration and was finally of the BPC-ACT bioreactor along with a ACT control unit in order to maintain a
treated with biocides in order to series of post-treatments yielded highly steady state inside the bioreactors and
eliminate any traces of sulfate reducing purified water that could later be re- allow a stable process. The biologically
bacteria (SRB). injected into the oil well. The experience treated water will be filtered and treated
Pilot Results that BPC has gained by performing the with biocides prior to its re-injection.
During the pilot trials, the water was pilot at the actual drilling site allowed us The Valuable Contribution of BPC
sampled and analysed by both BPC staff to design a full-scale system that is most BPC's solution for treating the produced
and the local Institute of Reservoir water is highly advantageous for the
Studies (IRS). As shown in the table following reasons:
below, the BPC treatment process 1. High efficiency- The BPC-ACT
resulted with very satisfying results. It is treatment of produced water can
indicated in the table provided by the IRS bring highly contaminated water to a
that the turbidity was reduced from 181 purity level that allows for its re-
NTU to 0.33-0.93 NTU, while the desired injection. The treatment process is
value was <1 NTU. Similarly the TSS levels completed with a relatively short
exceeded the desired values with less retention time.
than 2.5 ppm in the end of the treatment 2. Cost savings- resulting with
process. The SRB levels were negligible, extremely low biomass levels, BPC-
as required and the filterability of the Figure 2: BPC layout of the full scale installation ACT significantly reduces the amount
water was high. Throughout the pilot, the suitable to the field conditions as well as of biocides required prior to re-
pH was in the range of 6.5-8.5, as the client's needs. The permanent system injection and also reduces the
expected. is expected to work in a continuous mode ultrafilters wear over time.
The Next Step- Permanent System and include a cooling tower followed by 3. Simple construction- the process
Following completion of this successful two consecutive bioreactors with a total infrastructure is mainly based on
residence time of approximately 40 currently available infrastructure,
pilot, the client was very pleased with the
system's performance. The combination hours. The bioreactors will be thus considerably reducing the time
continuously monitored by the BPC- and costs required for the system's
installation.
4. Simple operation- the system is
completely automated, leading to a
simple and straightforward operation
and eliminating the need for highly
skilled operators.
Summary
BPC offers a simple and efficient solution
for purification of produced water to a
level that will allow its re-injection into
the oil-well. An on-site pilot in a drilling
water gathering station in India resulted
with TSS, turbidity, filterability and SRB
levels that exceeded the client's
requirements. Based on the information
gathered during the pilot, BPC has
performed a preliminary plan for a full-
scale system. The on-site treatment
demonstrated that implementing the
BPC-ACT technology leads to highly
purified water in a simple and cost
effective way.