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Power Conversion & Medical Physics & Transportation Power Systems


Electromechanical Science Applications
Devices

3-6: Modelling Motion Induced Eddy Currents


using ELEKTRA/VL

ELEKTRA/VL

Type of problems that can be solved

Equations

Upwinding
Why?

Setting up a model

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ELEKTRA/VL class of problems

Eddy currents induced purely by motion of a conducting material


through a stationary field
DC sources
Coils
Permanent magnets

Invariant cross-section geometry orthogonal to direction of motion


Single instance geometry
Moving conducting media must have same cross-section at all positions
in the direction of motion
For example, fixed coils and spinning disk
Media can be stationary and DC source moving
For example, NDT pipeline inspection pig

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Example: Electromagnetic brake on train


induces eddy current in rail

In a
Velocity of train coordinate
system on the
train, the rail
is moving in
the opposite
direction
However, the
rail s X-section
rails X section
is always the
same =>
Elektra-VL

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ELEKTRA/VL equations

In a moving conducting media

J = ( v B + V )

Apply Minkowski transformation of standard ELEKTRA equation

1
A = ( v A + V )

External circuits are not available in ELEKTRA/VL

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Upwinding

Upwinding used to help stop oscillatory eddy currents


Solution
Solution can become unstable at high velocity
Element Peclet number becomes greater than one
Product: ( u h) > 1
u = speed, h = element size in motion direction
SI units
Upwinding
Upwinding modifies element shape function to reduce
oscillations
Can only be used with linear elements

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Solution without upwind

Velocity

Unstable
bl
results in
this region

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Upwind solution

Velocity

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Setting up ELEKTRA/VL analyses

Setting the velocity


Volume
Volume properties

Analysis settings
Upwinding
Linear elements

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Volume properties linear motion

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Volume properties rotational motion

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Analysis settings

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Induced current density in copper disk at


1000 RPM

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