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SEL-751 Feeder Protection Relay

Directional Overcurrent, Arc-Flash Detection, and


High-Impedance Fault Detection

New for 2016


I/O board option with fourteen optoisolated inputs
Board option with eight arc-flash detector channels
Low-energy analog (LEA) ac voltage inputs (rated as high as 8 Vac rms)
200 mA neutral CT option for nondirectional sensitive earth fault (SEF) protection and for directional ground
protection on low-impedance grounded, ungrounded, high-impedance grounded, and Petersen Coil grounded
systems.
Line/cable thermal elements per IEC 60255-149
Vector shift elements for islanding detection
Inverse-time over- and undervoltage elements
IEC 61850 Edition 2
Fast Failover switching and parallel redundancy protocol (PRP) for dual Ethernet models
IEC 60870-5-103 protocol
Spanish language support

Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Inc. SEL-751 Relay


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Major Features and Benefits


The SEL-751 Feeder Protection Relay provides a comprehensive combination of protection, fault-locating features,
monitoring, control, and communication in an industrial package.
Standard Protection Features. Protect lines and equipment with an extensive range of protection elements,
including overcurrent elements, over- and underfrequency elements, rate-of-change-of-frequency and fast
rate-of-change-of-frequency elements, definite-time and inverse-time over- and undervoltage elements,
directional power elements, second- and fifth-harmonic current blocking (inrush blocking), load
encroachment, demand metering elements, and breaker failure protection. Implement load shedding and other
control schemes with under- and overfrequency elements, under- and overvoltage elements, and powerful
SELOGIC control equations. Also protect and control equipment with cable or line thermal elements that
conform to the IEC 60255-149 standard and with vector shift elements that aid in islanding detection.
Optional Directional Control. Use overcurrent elements with directional control to optimize radial and
looped network protection for lines and equipment. Best Choice Ground Directional Element logic
optimizes directional element performance and eliminates the need for many directional settings.
Optional High-Impedance Fault Detection. Use the high-impedance fault (HIF) detection element to
operate for small current ground faults typically resulting from downed conductors on ground surfaces such as
earth, concrete, or other poorly conductive materials. HIF event data are available in COMTRADE or
Compressed ASCII format.
Optional Arc-Flash Protection. Reduce or eliminate damage from arc-flash events with the optional four- or
eight-channel fiber-optic arc-flash detector inputs and protection elements. Settable arc-flash phase and
neutral overcurrent elements combined with arc-flash light detection elements provide secure, reliable, and
fast arc-flash event protection.
Optional Low-Energy Analog (LEA) Voltage Inputs. Measure voltages as low as 8 Vac rms.
Optional Synchronism Check and DC Station Battery Monitor. Check single-phase voltage across a
circuit breaker; measure dc voltage levels in the substation battery.
Operator Controls and Reclosing. Trip and close the breaker easily with eight programmable front-panel
pushbuttons, each with two tricolor LEDs. Implement remote and local control functions, and selectively
reclose with synchronism and voltage checks.
Relay and Logic Settings Software. Reduce engineering costs by using ACSELERATOR QuickSet
SEL-5030 Software for relay settings and logic programming. Tools in ACSELERATOR QuickSet make it easy
to develop SELOGIC control equations.
Metering and Monitoring. Use built-in metering functions to eliminate separately mounted metering
devices. Analyze Sequential Events Recorder (SER) reports and oscillographic event reports for rapid
commissioning, testing, and post-fault diagnostics. Unsolicited SER protocol allows station-wide collection
of binary SER messages.
Fault Location. Reduce fault location and repair time with built-in impedance-based fault location and
faulted phase indication.
Wye or Delta Voltage Inputs. Connect voltage inputs that are wye-connected, open-delta-connected, or
single voltage.
Additional Standard Features. Improve your feeder protection with these additional features, standard in
every SEL-751: Modbus RTU; Event Messenger support and MIRRORED BITS communications; load
profile and breaker wear monitoring; support for 12 external RTDs (SEL-2600), IRIG-B input, advanced
SELOGIC, and IEEE C37.118-compliant synchrophasor protocol to provide real-time measurement data.
Additional Optional Features. Select from a wide offering of other optional features, including: IEC 61850
Edition 2; IEC-60870-5-103; DNP3 serial and LAN/WAN; Modbus TCP/IP; Simple Network Time Protocol
(SNTP); PRP (parallel redundancy protocol) with dual Ethernet ports; ten internal RTDs; expanded digital/
analog I/O; additional EIA-232 or EIA-485 communications ports; and single or dual, copper-wire or fiber-
optic Ethernet ports.
Supported Languages. Multiple language support with English and Spanish options.

SEL-751 Data Sheet Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Inc.


3

Overview

SEL-751 Feeder Protection Relay


P O
27I 27 59 QG 81 UR RF 59I 78VS

Phase Undervoltage Overvoltage Frequency Overvoltage Vector


Undervoltage Phase, Over With Shift
With Inverse Phase-Phase Under Inverse
Characteristic Ground Rate 55 32 Characteristic 60
Neg-Seq Fast Rate

50P P P P
AF 67 QG 50 QG 51 QG 49 Loss of
Power Power Potential
Arc-Flash Directional Overcurrent Time- Factor Elements IEC (LOP)
Overcurrent Overcurrent Phase Overcurrent Cable/Line
Phase Ground Phase Thermal
Ground Neg-Seq Ground
Neg-Seq Neg-Seq

67N 50N 50N 51N 25


AF
Directional Arc-Flash Neutral Neutral Neutral Time- Synchronism
Neutral Overcurrent Overcurrent Overcurrent Check
Overcurrent
Breaker
AFD Arc-Flash Detector 79
52
49R Auto-Reclosing

RTD
Thermal
27S 59S

Synchronism- Synchronism-
Check Check
Line Undervoltage Overvoltage

Low-Energy Analogs (LEA) for AC Voltage Inputs Battery-Backed Clock, IRIG-B Time Synchronization
(8 Vac RMS) Instantaneous Metering
Sequential Events Recorder Eight Programmable Front-Panel Pushbuttons and
Event Reports and Load Profile Tricolor LED Indicators
SEL ASCII, Modbus RTU, Ethernet*, Modbus TCP*, Advanced SELOGIC Control Equations
IEC 61850 Edition 2*, DNP3 LAN/WAN*, DNP3 Serial*, 32 Programmable Display Messages
SNTP*, Telnet*, IEC 60870-5-103*, PRP*, FTP*, and Station Battery Monitor*
DeviceNet Communications*
Breaker Wear Monitoring
Event Messenger Compatible
Synchrophasor Protocol (IEEE C37.118)
Front-Panel Tricolor LED Programmable Targets
Arc-Flash Protection*
Two Inputs and Three Outputs Standard
Peak Demand, Demand Metering
I/O Expansion*Additional Contact Inputs, Contact
Outputs, Analog Inputs, Analog Outputs, and RTD Load Encroachment
Inputs High-Impedance Fault Detection*
ST Fiber-Optic Communications Port Fault Locator
Single or Dual Ethernet, Copper or Fiber-Optic Directional Protection*
Communications Port*
*Optional
Figure 1 Functional Diagram

Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Inc. SEL-751 Data Sheet


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Applications
Figure 2 shows some typical protection applications for Special relay versions can be ordered to provide sensitive
the SEL-751. You can use the SEL-751 directional and earth fault (SEF) protection on high-impedance grounded
non-directional overcurrent functions to protect virtually systems, and directional overcurrent ground fault protec-
any power system circuit or device including lines, tion on ungrounded, high-impedance grounded and tuned
feeders, transformers, capacitor banks, reactors, and gen- reactance (Petersen Coil) grounded systems.
erators. Over- and underfrequency, over- and undervolt-
You can use powerful SELOGIC control equations in all
age, vector shift elements, rate-of-change-of-frequency SEL-751 models for custom protection and control appli-
elements, and synchronism-check elements are well cations. SEL application guides and technical support
suited for applications at distributed generation sites. personnel are available to help with unique applications.
Directional power elements make the relay suitable for util-
ity and customer interface protection in applications with cus-
tomer generation. IEC cable/line thermal elements can be
used to prevent insulation damage.

52
52

ABC
SEL-751
Trip

ABC

N
SEL-751
Trip

Transformer Bank Distribution Bus


Protection Protection

Fast Bus Trip Scheme

Distribution Bus

Utility Distribution SEL-751 ABC


Feeder Protection Core-Balance
and Reclosing Current Transformer
52
Trip and
Close
52
VABC VS
SEL-751
ABC
N

SEL-751
Trip
52

VS Distributed Generation
Industrial Distribution
SEL-751
Feeder Protection
VABC

Figure 2 SEL-751 Feeder Protection Relay Applied Throughout the Power System

SEL-751 Data Sheet Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Inc.


5

Protection Features
Overcurrent Elements applications. This load-encroachment logic uses positive-
sequence load-in and load-out elements to discriminate
The SEL-751 includes a robust set of phase, negative-
between load and fault conditions based on the magnitude
sequence, residual, and neutral overcurrent elements. and angle of the positive-sequence impedance. When the
Each element type has four levels of instantaneous protec- measured positive-sequence load impedance (Z1) is
tion with individual torque control and definite-time delay within a region the load-encroachment settings define,
settings. Each element type has two inverse-time overcur- load-encroachment logic blocks the phase overcurrent
rent elements (except negative-sequence, which has one elements. As Figure 3 shows, a phase fault causes Z1 to
time-overcurrent element). Table 1 lists the curves avail- move from a load region to the line angle and leads to
able in the SEL-751. operation of the phase overcurrent elements.
The SEL-751 has two reset characteristic choices for each
Line
time-overcurrent element. One choice resets the elements 52
if current drops below pickup for at least one cycle. The
other choice emulates electromechanical induction disc SEL-751
3 Fault
elements, where the reset time depends on the time dial set-
ting, the percentage of disc travel, and the amount of current. Line
X1
Positive-Sequence Fault
Table 1 Inverse-Time Overcurrent Curves Impedance Plane Maximum Load-Out
Minimum Load
Impedance (Z1)
US IEC
*
Moderately Inverse Standard Inverse
Inverse Very Inverse
Very Inverse Extremely Inverse Load-In Load-Out
Region Region
Extremely Inverse Long-Time Inverse
Figure 3 Load Encroachment Characteristics
Short-Time Inverse Short-Time Inverse

Overcurrent Elements for Ground Fault


Overcurrent Elements for Phase Fault Detection
Detection Residual-ground (IG) and neutral (IN) overcurrent ele-
The SEL-751 relay provides the tools necessary for sensi- ments detect ground faults. Increase security by con-
tive fault protection while accommodating heavily loaded trolling these elements using optoisolated inputs or the
circuits. Where heavy loading prevents sufficiently internal ground directional element. The SEL-751 protec-
sensitive setting of the phase overcurrent elements to tion system includes patented Best Choice Ground Direc-
detect lower magnitude phase-to-ground faults, residual- tional Element logic, providing a selection of negative-
ground overcurrent elements are available to provide sen- sequence impedance, zero-sequence impedance, and
sitive ground fault protection without tripping under bal- zero-sequence current polarizing techniques for optimum
anced heavy load conditions. Similarly, when heavy directional ground element control.
loading prevents sufficiently sensitive setting of the phase
overcurrent elements to detect lower magnitude phase-to- Directional Elements Increase
phase faults, negative-sequence overcurrent elements are
available to provide more sensitive phase-to-phase fault Sensitivity and Security
detection without tripping under balanced heavy load con- Phase and ground directional elements come standard in
ditions. You can set phase overcurrent element pickup an SEL-751 with the directional control option. An auto-
sufficiently high to accommodate heavy load while matic setting mode (EDIR = AUTO) sets all directional
retaining sensitivity to higher magnitude three-phase threshold settings according to replica positive-sequence
faults. and zero-sequence line impedance settings (Z1MAG,
Z1ANG, Z0MAG, and Z0ANG) for line protection appli-
On extremely heavily loaded feeders, SEL-751 load- cations. For all non-line protection applications, set
encroachment logic adds security in cases when you can- EDIR = Y to enable and set appropriate directional
not set phase overcurrent elements to provide adequate element thresholds. Phase directional elements provide
three-phase fault sensitivity while also accommodating directional control to the phase- and negative-sequence
load. With this logic, you can set the phase overcurrent overcurrent elements.
elements below peak load current so that the relay can
detect end-of-line phase faults in heavily loaded feeder

Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Inc. SEL-751 Data Sheet


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Phase directional characteristics include positive- Line/Cable Thermal Elements


sequence and negative-sequence directional elements
Power lines and cables are designed to operate under a
working together. The positive-sequence directional ele-
certain temperature range. Because the trend in power
ment memory provides a reliable output for close-in, for-
system operations is for equipment to be used as close to
ward, or reverse three-phase faults where each phase
voltage is zero. the operating limits as possible, the importance of protect-
ing equipment against thermal overloads becomes more
Ground directional elements provide directional control critical. The thermal overload protection element is used
to the residual-ground and neutral overcurrent elements. to protect the overhead lines and cables against thermal
Patented negative-sequence, zero-sequence impedance damage, including insulation degradation and loss of
directional elements, and the zero-sequence current direc- equipment life, and to monitor the thermal state of the
tional element use the same principles proven in our SEL overhead lines and cables. The temperature is calculated
transmission line relays. Our patented Best Choice using a thermal model according to IEC 60255-149.
Ground Directional Element logic selects the best avail-
able ground directional element for the ORDER setting
you provide. Wye or Open-Delta Voltages
You can apply wye-connected (four-wire) voltages or
open-delta-connected (three-wire) voltages to three-phase
Directional Protection for Various voltage inputs VA, VB, VC, and N, as shown in Figure 5.
System Grounding Practices You only need to make a global setting
Current channel IN, ordered with an optional 0.2 A sec- (DELTA_Y = WYE or DELTA_Y = DELTA) and an
ondary nominal rating, provides directional ground pro- external wiring changeno internal relay hardware
tection for the following systems: changes or adjustments are necessary. Thus, a single
Ungrounded systems SEL-751 model meets all your distribution protection
High-impedance grounded systems needs, regardless of available three-phase voltages.
Petersen Coil grounded systems
SEL-751 Relay
Low-impedance grounded systems A B C
VA Z09
This optional directional control allows the faulted feeder
to be identified on a multifeeder bus with an SEL-751 on
each feeder (Figure 4). Alarm or trip for the ground fault Z10
VB
condition with sensitivity down to 5 mA secondary.

VC Z11
Core-Balance CT

2 Z12
N
3
ABC N
SEL-751 Reverse
3 (Setting DELTA_Y = WYE)
Core-Balance CT

1
SEL-751 Relay
3 VA Z09
ABC N
SEL-751 Ground
3 Forward Fault

VB Z10

Petersen
Coil Impedance Ungrounded VC Z11

Figure 4 Apply SEL-751 Relays to Petersen Coil N Z12


Grounded, Impedance-Grounded, and Ungrounded
Systems for Directional Control
(Setting DELTA_Y = DELTA)

Figure 5 Connect Wye or Open-Delta Voltage to SEL-751


Three-Phase Voltage Inputs

SEL-751 Data Sheet Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Inc.


7

Figure 6 shows the connections for 3V0 broken delta In addition, the SEL-751 supports single voltage input.
input. For customers with a single PT input, the SEL-751 will
assume balanced voltage input for all protection and
Open-Delta and Broken-Delta (3V0) VT Connections metering functions.
(Set DELTA_Y := DELTA and VSCONN := 3V0)
A B C
ZO9
VA
Loss-of-Potential Logic
The SEL-751 includes loss-of-potential (LOP) logic that
F2 detects one, two, or three blown potential fuses. This pat-
Z10 VB
ented LOP logic is unique because it does not require set-
tings and is universally applicable. The LOP feature
F3 Z11 allows the blocking of protection elements to add security
VC
during fuse failure.
SEL-751
Broken-Delta Z12
VA
N
Synchronism Check
F4 E01 When you order the Vsync, Vbat Voltage Input and
VS
VB 4 Arc-Flash Detection Inputs card (SELECT 2 AVI/
NS 4 AFDI), single-phase voltage (phase-to-neutral or phase-
E02
VC to-phase) is connected to voltage input VS/NS for syn-
chronism check across a circuit breaker (or hot/dead line
check). You can use synchronism-check voltage to coor-
Figure 6 Broken-Delta Connections dinate reclosing with the optional recloser control.

Voltage and Frequency Elements for Extra Protection and Control


Over- and Undervoltage Elements Implement an internal multistage frequency trip/restore
scheme at each breaker location using the multiple over-
Phase-to-ground, phase-to-phase, negative-sequence, and
and underfrequency levels. This method avoids the cost of
residual overvoltage (59) and phase-to-ground or phase-
wiring a complicated trip and control scheme from a sep-
to-phase undervoltage (27) elements in the SEL-751 cre-
arate frequency relay.
ate the following protection and control schemes.
Trip/alarm or event report triggers for over- and Rate-of-Change-of-Frequency Protection
undervoltage conditions. Four independent rate-of-change-of-frequency elements
Undervoltage (27) load shedding scheme (having are provided with individual time delays for use when
both 27 and 81U load shedding schemes allows frequency changes occur, for example, when there is a
detection of system MVAR- and MW-deficient sudden imbalance between generation and load. They call
conditions). for control action or switching action such as network
decoupling or load shedding. Each element includes logic
Inverse-Time Over- and Undervoltage Elements to detect either increasing or decreasing frequency and
Custom programmable (settings), IEC equation-based above or below nominal frequency.
inverse-time overvoltage (59I) and undervoltage (27I)
elements in the SEL-751 add flexibility in voltage Fast Rate-of-Change-of-Frequency Protection
protection and control schemes. for Aurora Vulnerability Mitigation
The fast rate-of-change-of-frequency protection, 81RF,
Over- and Underfrequency Protection
provides a faster response compared to frequency (81)
Six levels of secure overfrequency (81O) or underfre- and rate-of-change-of-frequency (81R) elements. Fast
quency (81U) elements detect true frequency operating speed makes the 81RF element suitable for
disturbances. Use the independently time-delayed output detecting islanding conditions. The element uses a char-
of these elements to shed load or trip local generation. acteristic (see Figure 7) based on the frequency deviation
The SEL-751 uses the voltage input to make frequency from nominal frequency (DF = FREQ FNOM) and the
measurements; it switches automatically to current input rate-of-change of frequency (DF3C) to detect islanding
when voltages are insufficient. conditions.

Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Inc. SEL-751 Data Sheet


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DF3C Hz/s Power Element Protection


(df/dt calculated over 3-cycle window) The SEL-751 provides two power elements for detecting
+81RFPR
real (watts) or reactive (VARS) positive- or negative-
Trip Region 1 power flow levels for the feeder application. Each power
element has a definite-time delay setting.

81RFDFP
0.2 High-Impedance Fault (HIF) Detection
0.1 High-impedance faults are short-circuit faults with fault
0.1 DF (FREQ-FNOM) Hz
+81RFDFP currents smaller than what a traditional overcurrent pro-
0.2
tective relay can detect. The SEL-751 with Arc Sense
technology (AST) option, includes logic that can detect
HIF signatures without being affected by loads or other
Trip Region 2 system operation conditions. A running average provides
81RFPR
a stable prefault reference, and adaptive tuning learns and
Figure 7 81RF Characteristic Power Element Protection tunes out feeder ambient noise conditions. Decision logic
differentiates an HIF condition from other system conditions
A time window of three cycles is used to calculate the
value of DF3C. Under steady state conditions, the operat- such as switching operations and noisy loads. The relay
ing point is close to the origin. During islanding condi- stores as many as 20 minutes of high-impedance fault activ-
tions, depending on the islanded system acceleration, the ity in 2-cycle resolution Compressed ASCII and COM-
operating point enters Trip Region 1 or Trip Region 2 of TRADE formats and it stores a summary of HIF activity that
the characteristic. 81RFDFP (in Hz) and 81RFRP (in Hz/sec) you can access through the use of ASCII commands.
are the settings used to configure the characteristic.
Arc-Flash Protection
Vector Shift (78VS) Protection An arcing short circuit or a ground fault in low- or
When distributed generators (DG) are connected in the medium-voltage switchgear can cause serious equipment
utility network, the vector shift (78VS) element is used to damage and personal injury, resulting in prolonged and
detect islanding conditions and trip the DG. Failure to trip expensive downtime.
islanded generators can lead to problems such as person-
The best way to minimize the impact of an arc-flash event
nel safety, out-of-synchronization reclosing, and degrada-
is to reduce the detection and circuit breaker tripping
tion of power quality. Based on the change in the angle of
times. Conventional protection may need several cycles to
the voltage waveform, the islanding condition can be detect the resulting overcurrent fault and trip the breaker.
detected by the vector shift function. In some cases, there may not be sufficient current to
Use the vector shift element with the 81RF element as a detect an overcurrent fault. Tripping may be delayed hun-
backup for fast and secure islanding detection. The vector dreds of milliseconds for sensitivity and selectivity rea-
shift element operates within three cycles, which is fast sons in some applications.
enough to prevent reclosing out-of-synchronism with the The arc-flash detection-based (AFD) protection can act
network feeders to avoid generator damage. on the circuit breaker in a few milliseconds (25 ms).
This fast response can limit the arc-flash energy, thus pre-
Harmonic Blocking Elements Secure venting injury to personnel and limiting or eliminating
equipment damage.
Protection During Transformer
Energization The arc-flash protection option in the SEL-751 relay adds
four- or eight-channel fiber-optic AFD inputs and protec-
Transformer inrush can cause sensitive protection to oper-
tion elements. Each channel has a fiber-optic receiver and
ate. Use the second and fifth harmonic blocking feature to
an LED-sourced fiber-optic transmitter that continuously
detect an inrush condition and block selected tripping ele-
self-tests and monitors the optical circuit to detect and
ments until the inrush subsides. Select the blocking alarm for any malfunction. There are two types of appli-
threshold as a percentage of fundamental current, and cations supported by the SEL-751: point-sensor applica-
optimize security and dependability with settable pickup tions and fiber sensor applications.
and dropout times. Use the programmable torque control
equation only to enable the blocking element immediately Point Sensor Application
after closing the breaker. The arc is detected by transmitting the arc-flash light cap-
tured by the optical diffuser (located appropriately in the
switchgear) over a 1000 m plastic fiber-optic cable to the
optical detector in the relay. The relay performs sensor

SEL-751 Data Sheet Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Inc.


9

loopback tests on the optical system using an LED-based The relay detects and alarms for any malfunction.
transmitter to transmit light pulses at regular intervals to the Figure 8 (bottom) shows a diagram for the clear-jacketed
point-sensor assembly (through a second fiber-optic cable). If fiber sensor application.
the relay optical receiver does not detect this light, the
The SEL-751 AFD system provides four or
relay declares a malfunction and alarms. Figure 8 (top)
eight channels per relay that can be configured for the
shows a diagram for the point sensor application.
point sensor or the clear-jacketed fiber sensor applica-
tions. The optional fast hybrid outputs (high-speed and
Fiber Sensor Application high-current) of the relay provide fast-acting trip outputs
A second option for AFD uses a clear-jacketed 1000 m to the circuit breaker (less than 50 s). The fast breaker
plastic fiber-optic cable located in the switchgear equip- tripping can prevent serious damage or personal injury in
ment. One end of the fiber is connected to the optical case of an arc-flash event. The relay also provides light
detector in the relay and the other end is connected to the metering and light event capture to aid in setting the relay
LED transmitter in the relay. The LED transmitter injects and capturing the arc-flash event for records and analysis.
periodic light pulses into the fiber as a sensor loopback
test to verify the integrity of the loop. Settable arc-flash phase and neutral overcurrent elements
are combined with arc-flash light detection elements to
provide secure, reliable, and fast acting arc-flash event
SEL-751
Point Sensor protection.
ARC
(SEL-C804) Application Optical Arc-Flash
Detector
Diffuser
Black-Jacketed Light Fibers Ch. 1
1000 m LED Circuit for RTD Thermal Protection
Continuous
Self-testing When the SEL-751 is equipped with either an optional 10
RTD input expansion card or an external SEL-2600 RTD
V-pin Terminations

SELECT 2 AVI/4 AFDI Card

Ch. 2 Module with as many as 12 RTD inputs, you can program


Switchgear

as many as 12 thermal elements in the relay for two levels


of thermal protection per element. Each RTD input pro-
vides an alarm and trip thermal pickup setting in degrees
Ch. 3 Celsius, open and shorted RTD detection, and is compati-
Fiber Sensor
(SEL-C804) Application ble with the following three-wire RTD types:
ARC
STST Connector
PT100 (100 platinum)
Clear-Jacketed Fiber Black-Jacketed Fibers
1000 m 1000 m
Ch. 4 NI100 (100 nickel)
NI120 (120 nickel)
CU10 (10 copper)
Figure 8 SEL-751 Arc-Flash Detection System

Additional Ordering Options


You can order the following options for any SEL-751 Vsync, Vbat voltage input, and four arc-flash
model (see the Model Option Table for details). detection inputs card (SELECT 2 AVI/4 AFDI) for
Single or dual, copper or fiber-optic Ethernet synchronism-check, dc station battery monitor,
port(s), Modbus TCP, SNTP, DNP3 serial and and arc-flash protection applications
DNP3 LAN/WAN, FTP, Telnet SELECT 8 AFDI for eight-channel arc-flash
IEC 61850 Edition 2 protection
IEC 60870-5-103 Ten RTDs
DeviceNet Conformal coating for chemically harsh and high
EIA-232 or EIA-485 communications moisture environments
Additional EIA-232 or EIA-485 port Firmware options, including the following:
Analog I/O (4 AI/4 AO, 8 AI) Recloser Control
Directional control
Digital I/O (4 DI/4 DO, 8 DI, 8 DO, 3 DI/4 DO/
1 AO, 4 DI/3 DO, 14 DI) Arc Sense technology for high-impedance fault
(HIF) detection
Low-energy analog (LEA) voltage inputs
Support for the Spanish language

Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Inc. SEL-751 Data Sheet


10

Operator Controls and Reclosing


Operator Controls Eliminate LEDs are programmed to give the status of the reclosing.
The two LEDs, RECL RESET and RECL LOCKOUT, indicate
Traditional Panel Control Switches whether the recloser is in the Reset or Lockout state.
Eight conveniently sized operator controls, each with two
The LOCK operator control blocks selected functions. Press it
programmable tricolor LEDs, are located on the relay
for at least three seconds to engage or disengage the lock func-
front panel (see Figure 9). You can set the SER to track
tion. While locked in position, the following operator con-
operator controls. You can also change operator control
trols cannot change state if pressed, TRIP and CLOSE.
functions using SELOGIC control equations. The follow-
ing operator control descriptions are for factory-set logic. Use the CLOSE and TRIP operator controls to close and open
the connected circuit breaker. Program with intentional time
Standard delays to support operational requirements for breaker-
mounted relays. This allows the operator to press the
CLOSE or TRIP pushbutton, then move to an alternate loca-
tion before the breaker command is executed.

Programmable Autoreclosing
When ordered with optional reclosing, the SEL-751 can
autoreclose a circuit breaker as many as four times before
lockout. Use SELOGIC control equations to program the
SEL-751 to perform the following reclosing functions.
Allow closing, e.g., when the load-side line is
dead, or when the two systems are in synchronism
Recloser (optional).
Advance the shot counter without tripping, e.g.,
when another protective relay clears a fault, also
known as sequence coordination.
Note: All text can
be changed with Initiate reclosing, e.g., for particular protection
the configurable trip operations.
labels. Drive-to-lockout, e.g., when an optoisolated input
is deasserted.
Delay reclosing, e.g., after a trip caused by a
close-in, high-duty fault.
Flexible reclose supervision failure scheme that
Figure 9 Operator Controls for Standard and Optional
Reclosing Models allows going to lockout or moving to the next
available shot.
In the standard SEL-751, you can program the top right
operator control and its corresponding two LEDs. When The reclosing shot counter controls which protective ele-
the SEL-751 is ordered with optional reclosing, the two ments are involved in each reclose interval. Applications
include fuse- and trip-saving schemes. The front-panel
LEDs (Reset and Lockout) track the reclosing state.

Relay and Logic Settings Software


ACSELERATOR QuickSet Software simplifies settings and Configure proper settings using online help.
provides analysis support for the SEL-751. With ACSEL- Organize settings with the relay database man-
ERATOR QuickSet you have several ways to create and ager.
manage relay settings: Load and retrieve settings using a simple PC com-
Develop settings offline with an intelligent set- munications link.
tings editor that only allows valid settings.
Create SELOGIC control equations with a drag- With ACSELERATOR QuickSet you can verify settings and
and-drop text editor. analyze events; and analyze power system events with the
integrated waveform and harmonic analysis tools.

SEL-751 Data Sheet Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Inc.


11

Use the following features of ACSELERATOR QuickSet to The human-machine interface (HMI) monitors
monitor, commission, and test the SEL-751. meter data, Relay Word bits, and output contacts
The PC interface remotely retrieves power system status during testing. The control window allows
data. resetting of metering quantities, arc-flash sensor
testing and diagnostics, and other control func-
tions.

Metering and Monitoring


The SEL-751 provides extensive metering capabilities. voltages and currents; power, frequency, and energy; and
See Specifications on page 25 for metering and power maximum/minimum logging of selected quantities. The
measurement accuracies. As shown in Table 2, metered relay reports all metered quantities in primary quantities
quantities include phase voltages and currents; sequence (current in A primary and voltage in V primary).

Table 2 Metering Capabilities

Quantitiesa Description
Currents IA, IB, IC, IN, IG Input currents, residual ground current (IG = 3I0 = IA + IB + IC)
Voltages VA, VB, VC Wye-connected voltage inputs
Voltages VAB, VBC, VCA Delta-connected voltage inputs
Voltage VS Synchronism-check voltage input
Power kWA,B,C,3P Single and three-phase kilowatts, kilovars, and kilovolt-amps
kVARA,B,C,3P
kVAA,B,C,3P
Energy MWh3P, Three-phase megawatt-hours, megavar-hours, and megavolt-amp-hours
MVARh3P-IN,
MVARh3P-OUT,
MVAh3P
Power Factor PFA,B,C,3P Single and three-phase power factor (leading or lagging)
Sequence I1, 3I2, 3I0, V1, 3V2, 3V0 Positive-, negative-, and zero-sequence currents and voltages
Frequency, FREQ, FREQS (Hz) Instantaneous relay frequency, synchronism-check voltage frequency
Voltage VDC Station battery voltage
Light Intensity (%) LS1LS8 Arc-flash light inputs in percentage of full scale
AIx01AIx08 Analog Inputs
MV01MV32 Math Variables
RA001RA128 Remote Analogs
Thermal Element x Element x pu current level, thermal capacity, time to trip, and time to reset
Current THIEQx pu values, where x = 1, 2, or 3
TCU THTCUx%
Trip Time THTRIPx s
Release Time THRLSx s
RTD1RTD12 RTD temperature measurement (degrees C)
Types of Metering

Instantaneous Light Analog Inputs Energy


Math Variables RMS Remote Analogs Thermal
Demand and Peak Demand Synchrophasors Max/Min HIF (High-Impedance Fault)
a
Single-phase power, energy, and power factor quantities are not available when delta-connected PTs are used.

Load Profile Synchrophasor Measurements


The SEL-751 features a programmable Load Data Profile Use IEEE C37.118-2005 protocol to send synchrophasor
(LDP) recorder that records as many as 17 metering quantities data to such SEL synchrophasor applications as the
into nonvolatile memory at fixed time intervals. The LDP SEL-3373 Station Phasor Data Concentrator (PDC), the
saves several days to several weeks of the most recent data SEL-5073 SYNCHROWAVE PDC, the SEL-3378
depending on the LDP settings (6500 entries total).

Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Inc. SEL-751 Data Sheet


12

Synchrophasor Vector Processor (SVP), the SEL-3530 use the low-cost SEL-751 in any application that other-
Real-Time Automation Controller (RTAC), and the wise would require purchasing a separate dedicated pha-
SEL SYNCHROWAVE software suite. sor measurement unit (PMU).

The SEL-3373 Station PDC and the SEL-5073 SYNCHRO- Use the SEL-751 with SEL communications processors,
WAVE PDC correlate data from multiple SEL-751 Relays or the SEL-3530 RTAC, to change nonlinear state estima-
and concentrate the result into a single output data stream. tion into linear state estimation. If all necessary lines
These products also provide synchrophasor data archiving include synchrophasor measurements then state estima-
capability. The SEL-3378 SVP enables control applica- tion is no longer necessary. The system state is directly
tions based on synchrophasors. Directly measure the measured.
oscillation modes of your power system and then act on
the result. Use wide-area phase angle slip and accelera- V1 1
tion measurements to properly control islanding of dis-
tributed generation. With the SVP, you can customize a
V2 2
= h (V,) + error = h (V,)
synchrophasor control application according to the P12 V1
State State
unique requirements of your power system. Q12 V2
The data rate of SEL-751 synchrophasors is selectable
Measurements Measurements
with a range of 160 messages per second. This flexibility
is important for efficient use of communication capacity. 10 Minutes 1 Second
Figure 10 Synchrophasor Measurements Turn State
The SEL-751 phasor measurement accuracy meets the Estimation Into State Measurement
highest IEEE C37.118-2005 Level 1 requirement of
1 percent total vector error (TVE). This means you can

Improve Situational Awareness


Provide improved information to system operators.
Advanced synchrophasor-based tools produce a real-time
view of system conditions. Use system trends, alarm
points, and preprogrammed responses to help operators
prevent a cascading system collapse and maximize sys-
tem stability. Awareness of system trends provides
operators with an understanding of future values based on
measured data.
Increase system loading while maintaining ade-
quate stability margins.
Improve operator response to system contingen-
cies such as overload conditions, transmission
outages, or generator shutdown. Figure 11 Visualization of Phase Angle Measurements
Advance system knowledge with correlated event Across a Power System
reporting and real-time system visualization.
Validate planning studies to improve system load
balance and station optimization.

Figure 12 SEL-5078 SYNCHROWAVE Console Real-Time,


Wide-Area Visualization Tool

SEL-751 Data Sheet Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Inc.


13

Event Reporting voltage. This display shows how much the substation bat-
tery voltage drops during trip, close, and other control
Event Reports and the SER simplify post-fault analysis
operations.
and improve understanding of simple and complex pro-
tective scheme operations. In response to a user-selected
trigger, the voltage, current, frequency, and element status Circuit Breaker Contact Wear Monitor
information contained in each event report confirms relay, Circuit breakers experience mechanical and electrical
scheme, and system performance for every fault. Decide wear every time they operate. Intelligent scheduling of
how much detail is necessary when you request an event breaker maintenance takes into account manufacturers
report (e.g., 1/4-cycle or 1/32-cycle resolution and filtered published data of contact wear versus interruption levels
or raw analog data). and operation count. With the breaker manufacturers
maintenance curve as input data, the SEL-751 breaker
The relay stores as many as 6 of the most recent 180- monitor feature compares this input data to the measure
cycle, 18 of the most recent 64-cycle, or 79 of the most (unfiltered) ac current at the time of trip and the number
recent 15-cycle event reports in nonvolatile memory. The of close-to-open operations.
relay always appends relay settings to the bottom of each
event report. Every time the breaker trips, it integrates the measured
current information. When the result of this integration
The following analog data formats are available: exceeds the breaker wear curve threshold (see Figure 13)
1/4-cycle or 1/32-cycle resolution, unfiltered or the relay alarms via output contact, communications port,
filtered analog, ASCII or Compressed ASCII or front-panel display. This kind of information allows
reports timely and economical scheduling of breaker
1/32-cycle resolution COMTRADE reports maintenance.

The relay SER feature stores the latest 1024 entries. Use
Breaker Manufacturer's
this feature to gain a broad perspective at a glance. An Maintenance Curve
SER entry helps to monitor input/output change-of-state
occurrences and element pickup/dropout. (Set Point 1)
Close to Open Operations

The IRIG-B time-code input synchronizes the SEL-751


(Set Point 2)
internal clock time to within 1 s of the time-source
input. Convenient sources for this time code are the
SEL-2401 Satellite-Synchronized Clock, the SEL Com- (Set Point 3)
munications Processor, or the SEL Real Time Automation
Controller (RTAC) (via Serial Port 2 or 3 on the
SEL-751). For time accuracy specifications for metering, kA Interrupted
synchrophasors, and events, see Specifications.
Figure 13 Breaker Contact Wear Curve and Settings

Substation Battery Monitor Fault Locator


The SEL-751 relays that include the enhanced voltage
The SEL-751 provides a valuable estimate of fault loca-
option with the monitoring package measure and report
tion even during periods of substantial load flow. The
the substation battery voltage connected to the VBAT ter-
fault locator uses fault type, replica line impedance set-
minals. The relay includes two programmable threshold com-
tings, and fault conditions to calculate fault location. This
parators and associated logic for alarm and control. For
feature, which operates without the use of communica-
example, if the battery charger fails, the measured dc falls
tions channels, special instrument transformers, or pre-
below a programmable threshold. The SEL-751 alarms to
fault information, contributes to efficient dispatch of line
alert operations personnel before the substation battery
crews and fast restoration of service. The fault locator
voltage falls to unacceptable levels. Monitor these
uses three-phase voltage inputs. Wye-connected voltages
thresholds with an SEL communications processor and
are necessary for phase and ground fault distance calcula-
trigger messages, telephone calls, or other actions.
tions.
The measured dc voltage appears in the meter display and
Only phase fault distance calculations are available with
the Vdc column of the event report. Use the event report
delta-connected voltages. The fault locator is unavailable in
column data to see an oscillographic display of the battery
the absence of voltage or single-phase voltage connections.

Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Inc. SEL-751 Data Sheet


14

Automation
Flexible Control Logic and Integration Features
The SEL-751 is equipped with as many as four inde- standard terminal system. Establish communication by
pendently operated serial ports: one EIA-232 port on the connecting computers, modems, protocol converters,
front, one EIA-232 or EIA-485 port on the rear, and one printers, an SEL real-time automation controller (RTAC),
fiber-optic port. Additionally, the SEL-751 has one SEL Communications Processor, SEL computing plat-
EIA-232 or EIA-485 port option card. Optionally, the form, SCADA serial port, and/or RTUs for local or
relay supports single or dual, copper or fiber-optic Ether- remote communication. Refer to Table 3 for a list of com-
net ports. The relay does not require special communica- munications protocols available in the SEL-751.
tions software. You can use any system that emulates a

Table 3 Communications Protocols

Type Description
Simple ASCII Plain language commands for human and simple machine communications. Use for metering, setting, self-test
status, event reporting, and other functions.
Compressed ASCII Comma-delimited ASCII data reports. Allows external devices to obtain relay data in an appropriate format for
direct import into spreadsheets and database programs. Data are checksum protected.
Extended Fast Meter and Binary protocol for machine-to-machine communications.
Fast Operate Quickly updates SEL communications processors, RTUs, and other substation devices with metering
information, relay element, I/O status, time-tags, open and close commands, and summary event reports. Data
are checksum protected. Binary and ASCII protocols operate simultaneously over the same communications
lines so control operator metering information is not lost while a technician is transferring an event report.
Fast SER Protocol Provides SER events to an automated data collection system.
Modbus Serial- or Ethernet-based Modbus with point remapping. Includes access to metering data, protection elements,
contact I/O, targets, SER, relay summary event reports, and setting groups.
DNP3 Serial or Ethernet-based DNP3 protocols.
Provides default and mappable DNP3 objects that include access to metering data, protection elements,
Relay Word bits, contact I/O, targets, SER, relay summary event reports, and setting group selection.
IEC 61850 Edition 2 Ethernet-based international standard for interoperability between intelligent devices in a substation. Operates
remote bits and I/O. Monitors Relay Word bits and analog quantities.
Synchrophasors IEEE C37.118-compliant synchrophasors for system state, response, and control capabilities.
Event Messenger The SEL-3010 allows users to receive alerts sent directly to their cell phone. Alerts can be triggered through
relay events and can include quantities measured by the relay.
DeviceNet Allows for connection to a DeviceNet network for access to metering data, protection elements, contact I/O,
targets, and setting groups.
SNTP Ethernet-based protocol that provides time synchronization of the relay.
IEC 60870-5-103 Serial communications protocolinternational standard for interoperability between intelligent devices in a
substation.

Apply an SEL communications processor as the hub of a Dial-Up ASCII Link SCADA Link
star network with a point-to-point fiber or copper connection
between the hub and the SEL-751 (see Figure 14). ASCII Reports Plus
SEL Communications Processor Interleaved Binary Data
The communications processor supports external
communications links including the public switched tele-
phone network for engineering access to dial-out alerts SEL-751A
and private line connections of the SCADA system. IED
IED IED

Figure 14 Example Communication System

SEL-751 Data Sheet Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Inc.


15

SEL manufactures a variety of standard cables for with 32 general purpose SELOGIC control equa-
connecting this and other relays to a variety of external tion timers. Each timer has independent time-
devices. Consult your SEL representative for more delay pickup and dropout settings. Program each
information on cable availability. timer input with any desired element (e.g., time qual-
ify a current element). Assign the timer output to trip
SEL-751 control logic improves integration in the logic, transfer trip communications, or other control
following ways. scheme logic.
Replaces traditional panel control switches. Eliminates settings changes. Selectable setting
Eliminate traditional panel control switches with groups make the SEL-751 ideal for applications
32 local bits. Set, clear, or pulse local bits with the requiring frequent setting changes and for adapt-
front-panel pushbuttons and display. Program the ing the protection to changing system conditions.
local bits into your control scheme with SELOGIC
control equations. Use the local bits to perform The relay stores three setting groups. Select the active set-
functions such as a trip test or a breaker trip/close. ting group by optoisolated input, command, or other pro-
Eliminates RTU-to-relay wiring. Eliminate grammable conditions. Use these setting groups to cover a
RTU-to-relay wiring with 32 remote bits. Set, wide range of protection and control contingencies.
clear, or pulse remote bits using serial port com- Switching setting groups switches logic and relay element
mands. Program the remote bits into your control settings. You can program groups for different operating con-
scheme with SELOGIC control equations. Use ditions, such as feeder paralleling, station maintenance, sea-
remote bits for SCADA-type control operations sonal operations, emergency contingencies, loading, source
such as trip, close, and settings group selection. changes, and downstream relay setting changes.
Replaces traditional latching relays. Replace as
many as 32 traditional latching relays for such Fast SER Protocol
functions as remote control enable with latch SEL Fast SER provides SER events to an automated data
bits. Program latch set and latch reset conditions collection system. Fast SER is available on any rear serial
with SELOGIC control equations. Set or reset the port. Devices with embedded processing capability can
nonvolatile latch bits using optoisolated inputs, use these messages to enable and accept unsolicited
remote bits, local bits, or any programmable logic binary SER messages from SEL-751 relays.
condition. The latch bits retain their state when the
relay loses power. SEL relays and communications processors have two
Replaces traditional indicating panel lights. separate data streams that share the same serial port. The
Replace traditional indicating panel lights with 32 normal serial interface consists of ASCII character
programmable displays. Define custom messages commands and reports that are intelligible to people using
(e.g., Breaker Open, Breaker Closed) to report a terminal or terminal emulation package. The binary data
power system or relay conditions on the front- streams can interrupt the ASCII data stream to obtain
panel display. Use advanced SELOGIC control information, and then allow the ASCII data stream to
equations to control which messages the relay dis- continue. This mechanism allows a single communica-
tions channel to be used for ASCII communications (e.g.,
plays.
transmission of a long event report) interleaved with short
Eliminates external timers. Eliminate external bursts of binary data to support fast acquisition of
timers for custom protection or control schemes metering or SER data.

Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Inc. SEL-751 Data Sheet


16

Ethernet Network Architectures

NETWORK
CAT 5 shielded twisted pair (STP)
cables with RJ45 connectors
(SEL-C627/C628) for
copper Ethernet ports
OR
Fiber-optic Ethernet cables with
LC connectors (SEL-C808) for
fiber-optic Ethernet ports

Set Port 1 (Ethernet) settings in each relay.


Figure 15 Simple Ethernet Network Configuration

NETWORK

CAT 5 shielded twisted pair (STP) cables with RJ45


connectors (SEL-C627/C628) for copper Ethernet ports
OR
Fiber-optic Ethernet cables with LC connectors
(SEL-C808) for fiber-optic Ethernet ports

Set Port 1 (Ethernet) settings in each relay.

Figure 16 Simple Ethernet Network Configuration With Dual Redundant Connections (Failover Mode)

NETWORK
CAT 5 shielded twisted pair (STP) cables
with RJ45 connectors (SEL-C627/C628)
for copper Ethernet ports
OR
Fiber-optic Ethernet cables with
LC connectors (SEL-C808) for
fiber-optic Ethernet ports

Set Port 1 (Ethernet) settings in each relay.

Figure 17 Simple Ethernet Network Configuration With Ring Structure (Switched Mode)

SEL-751 Data Sheet Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Inc.


17

Additional Features
MIRRORED BITS Relay-to-Relay reprogram these LEDs for specific applications. This
combination of targets is explained and shown in
Communications Figure 20. Some front-panel relabeling of LEDs may be
The SEL-patented MIRRORED BITS communications tech- needed if you reprogram them for unique or specific
nology provides bidirectional relay-to-relay digital com- applications (see Configurable Labels).
munications. MIRRORED BITS can operate independently
on as many as two EIA-232 rear serial ports and one Event Messenger Points
fiber-optic rear serial port on a single SEL-751. The SEL-751, when used with the SEL-3010 Event Mes-
This bidirectional digital communication creates eight senger, can allow for ASCII-to-voice translation of as
additional virtual outputs (transmitted MIRRORED BITS) many as 32 user-defined messages, along with analog
and eight additional virtual inputs (received MIRRORED data that has been measured or calculated by the relay.
BITS) for each serial port operating in the MIRRORED BITS This combination can allow the user to receive voice mes-
mode (see Figure 18). Use these MIRRORED BITS to trans- sages on any phone for alerts to transition of any Relay
mit/receive information between upstream relays and a Word bits in the relay.
downstream recloser control (e.g., SEL-351R) to enhance
coordination and achieve faster tripping for downstream Verbal notification of breaker openings, fuse failures,
faults. MIRRORED BITS technology also helps reduce total RTD alarms, etc. can now be sent directly to your cell
scheme operating time by eliminating the need to assert phone through the use of your SEL-751 and SEL-3010
output contacts to transmit information. (must be connected to an analog telephone line). In
addition, messages can include an analog value such as
SEL-751 SEL-351R Relay 2 current, voltage, or power measurements made by the
SEL-751.
0 1
TMB1 TMB1
0 0
Transmit
TMB2 TMB2
Transmit
Configurable Labels
. . . .
. . . . Use the configurable labels to relabel the operator con-
0 0 trols and LEDs to suit the installation requirements. This
TMB8 TMB8
feature includes preprinted labels (with factory-default
text), blank label media, and a Microsoft Word template
1 0 on CD-ROM. This allows you to create quick, profes-
RMB1 RMB1
0 0 sional-looking labels for the SEL-751. Labels may also be
RMB2 RMB2
Receive . . . . Receive customized without the use of a PC by writing the new
. . . . label on the blank stock provided.
RMB8 0 0 RMB8
The ability to customize the control and indication fea-
Figure 18 MIRRORED BITS Transmit and Receive Bits tures allows specific utility or industry procedures to be
implemented without the need for adhesive labels. All of the
Status and Trip Target LEDs figures in this data sheet show the factory default labels of the
SEL-751, including the standard model shown in
The SEL-751 includes 24 status and trip target tricolor
Figure 20.
LEDs on the front panel. When shipped from the factory,
all LEDs are predefined and fixed in settings. You can

Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Inc. SEL-751 Data Sheet


18

Guideform Specification
Feeder protection shall be provided by a microprocessor- the IEEE C37.1182005 Standard for Synchro-
based relay equipped with the following protection, moni- phasors for Power Systems.
toring, control, automation, and reporting functions. Self- Adaptive phase overcurrent elements: The relay
checking functions shall be included. Specific shall incorporate adaptive phase overcurrent ele-
requirements are as follows. ments that perform reliably in the presence of cur-
rent transformer saturation, dc offset, and off-
Protection and Control frequency harmonics.
Phase, residual, and negative-sequence overcur-
rent elements (50P/50G/50Q) with optional direc- Temperature Inputs
tional control The relay shall have the following features when equipped
Phase, residual, and negative-sequence inverse- with as many as 12 RTD inputs in an external module
time overcurrent elements (51P/51G/51Q) with (SEL-2600 with ST connectors option) or 10 RTD
optional directional control inputs with an internal card:
Nondirectional sensitive earth fault (SEF) protec- Optical fiber transmission of RTD temperatures
tion and directional ground protection on low- (using SEL-2600) to relay: range > 1000 m
impedance grounded, ungrounded, high- Separately field-selected RTD types: PT100,
impedance grounded, and Petersen Coil grounded NI100, NI120, or CU10
systems Noise immunity (50 Hz and higher) on RTD
Neutral overcurrent and inverse-time overcurrent inputs as much as 1.4 Vacpeak
elements (50N, 51N) One contact input (with SEL-2600)
Breaker/contactor failure
Autoreclosing control (79) Automation
Arc-flash detection and arc-flash overcurrent 32 local control logic points, 32 remote control
(50PAF, 50NAF) logic points, 32 latching logic points, 32 counters,
Vector shift elements (78VS) for islanding detec- 32 math variables, 32 logic variables, and
tion 32 timers
Line/cable thermal elements per IEC 60255-149 SELOGIC control equations with Boolean and
Over- and undervoltage (59, 59G, 59Q, 27) math equations capability for logic and control
Inverse-time over- and undervoltage elements Communications/Integration
(59I, 27I)
ASCII, Modbus RTU, DeviceNet, Event Mes-
Directional power elements (32)
senger, MIRRORED BITS, SNTP, Telnet, FTP, Mod-
Power factor (55) bus TCP, DNP3 serial and LAN/WAN,
Over- and underfrequency (81) IEEE C37.118 (synchrophasor data), IEC 60870-5-
Rate-of-change of frequency (81R) 103, and IEC 61850 Edition 2 protocols
Loss-of-potential (60) Parallel Redundancy Protocol (PRP) and Fast
Synchronism check (25) Failover switching for dual Ethernet models
Fast rate-of-change of frequency (81RF) for One front-panel EIA-232 port and one rear-panel
Aurora mitigation EIA-232 or EIA-485 port, one ST fiber-optic
High-impedance fault (HIF) detection: The relay serial port, and an optional single or dual, copper
shall include HIF detection algorithms capable of or fiber-optic Ethernet port(s)
detecting HIF signatures without being affected Capability for an additional rear-panel EIA-232 or
by loads and other system operation conditions. EIA-485 port
The relay shall make HIF summary, history, and Windows-based PC software for setting, report
event information available. retrieval, metering, HMI, and control
Fault locator: The relay shall include a fault-locat-
ing algorithm to calculate fault location without Front-Panel Visualization
communications channels, special instrument The front panel shall be capable of displaying mea-
transformers, or prefault information. sured values, calculated values, I/O status, device
Synchrophasors: The relay shall include operation status, and configuration parameters on a front-
as a phasor measurement unit (PMU) according to panel LCD display.

SEL-751 Data Sheet Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Inc.


19

The display shall have a rotating capability to dis- Hardware


play custom messages and data. 32 display mes-
Operating temperature range of 40 to +85C
sages shall be provided.
Power supply input operating voltage range of
The front panel shall also have a minimum of 6
24/48 Vdc, 125/250 Vdc, or 120/240 Vac
user-programmable LEDs and 8 user-programma-
ble pushbutton controls with 16 programmable Demodulated IRIG-B time-synchronization input
LEDs. capability
Optional 10 internal RTD inputs or 12 external RTD
Monitoring and Reporting inputs
Load-profile monitoring: Provide periodic snap- 5 A or 1 A, ac current inputs IA, IB, IC, and an
shot (selectable rate from every 5 to 60 minutes) optional 200 mA sensitive IN input
of as many as 17 selectable analog quantities. 300 Vac rms, three-phase ac voltage inputs or
Metering: The relay shall include metering capa- 8 Vac rms low-energy analog (LEA) three-phase
bilities for real-time current, voltage, power, ac voltage inputs
energy qualities, and demand and peak demand 300 Vac rms, synchronism-check voltage input or
current and power values. RTD temperature 8 Vac rms LEA synchronism-check voltage input
metering, synchrophasor data metering, and mini- or station battery voltage input
mum/ maximum metering shall also be included. Arc-flash detection (AFD) inputs
The arc-flash protection shall include light meter- Flexible, configurable I/O, including digital I/O
ing. and analog I/O
Event summaries: Fault type and trip data, includ- Electromechanical or optional fast hybrid (high-
ing time of tripping speed, high-current interruption) digital outputs
Event reports: Optoisolated digital inputs
Raw 32-samples/cycle reports are available as Jumper-selectable current (as high as 20 mA) or
files in binary COMTRADE format (ANSI voltage (as high as 10 V) analog inputs
C37.111-1999).
Jumper-selectable current (as high as 20 mA) or
Filtered 4-samples/cycle and 32-samples/cycle
unfiltered reports are available in ASCII and voltage (as high as 10 V) analog outputs
Compressed ASCII formats. Relay front panel shall meet the requirements of
Event reports can be set as 15-cycle length (as NEMA 12/IP65.
many as 70 reports), 64-cycle length (as many
as 17 reports), or 180-cycle length (as many as Service and Support
6 reports). Reliability: The vendor shall supply the actual
SER: As many as 1024 time-tagged, most recent mean time between failures (MTBF) for the
input, output, and element transitions device upon request.
Data stored in nonvolatile Flash memory Manufacturer: The device shall be manufactured
Station battery monitor with two levels of in the U.S.A.
detection Conformal Coating: The device shall have
Breaker wear monitoring optional conformal coating to protect the circuit
Event report with arc-flash light input boards from harsh environments.
High-impedance fault event reports Warranty: The device shall include a ten-year, no-
questions-asked warranty for all material and
workmanship defects. In addition, the warranty
shall cover accidental, customer-induced damage.

Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Inc. SEL-751 Data Sheet


20

Wiring Diagrams
(+)
Typical Wiring

() 52B 52A

Prot. CC TC To SEL-C804
Alarm Close Trip Sensors
Circuit Circuit
Power Supply

RX
A01 A02 A03 A04 A05 A06 A07 A08 A09 A10 A11 A12

AF4
E08
110240 Vac

Arc-Flash Inputs (Optional)


GND +/H -/N

TX
2448 Vdc
110250 Vdc

RX
OUT101 OUT102 OUT103 IN101 IN102

AF3
E07
TX
Input Power Output Contacts Control Inputs

RX
AF2
E06
Front

TX
5 4 3 2 1

SEL-751 Feeder Protection Relay


9 8 7 6

RX
AF1
E05
Port 3

TX
5 4 3 2 1

9 8 7 6

(Optional
EIA-485) Optional Input / Output Cards
8 Digital Outputs
IRIG-B Time Source IRIG-B
10 RTDs
+ + + + + + + + + +


Optional Ethernet (single or dual)
4 Digital Inputs / 4 Digital Outputs
112 RTDs OR

Copper Wire Multimode Fiber 3 Digital Inputs / 4 Digital Outputs / 1 Analog Output
SEL-2600 Series 1000 m
External RTD Module
With ST Option
RX ST Fiber-Optic Input
14 Digital Inputs
(Optional) FO Cable**

TX ST Fiber-Optic Output 8 Arc-Flash Detectors


TX RX TX RX TX RX TX RX TX RX TX RX TX RX TX RX
Port 4A EIA-485 Port 4 DeviceNet

V 4 Digital Inputs / 3 Digital Outputs


(Optional)

CAN_L
SHIELD
CAN_H 8 Analog Inputs
V+
TX+ 4 Analog Inputs / 4 Analog Outputs
(Optional)

TX
RX+
RX 8 Digital Inputs
SHIELD

** SEL Fiber-Optic Cables Current Inputs


240-1506 1 m (3.3 ft) ST/ST IA IB IC IN Voltage Inputs Voltage Inputs (Optional)
240-1507 5 m (16.4 ft) ST/ST
VA VB VC N VS NS VBAT VBAT
240-1508 15 m (49.2 ft) ST/ST
Other lengths available by request Z01 Z02 Z03 Z04 Z05 Z06 Z07 Z08 Z09 Z10 Z11 Z12 E01 E02 E03 E04

(+) ()
52
A
Bus B Line
A diagram for a four-wire wye C
connection is also available in
the instruction manual. Open-Delta Potential, VS, VBAT, and CT Connections

Figure 19 Wiring Diagram SEL-751

SEL-751 Data Sheet Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Inc.


21

Panel Diagrams

Relay powered properly/self-tests are okay


Trip occurred
Instantaneous/definite-time overcurrent trip
Phase time-overcurrent trip
Ground/neutral time-overcurrent trip
Negative-sequence time-overcurrent trip
Over-/underfrequency trip
Breaker failure trip

i5379a

Figure 20 Front Panel With Default Configurable Labels in Base Relay

i5363c
i5364a SEE DOCUMENTATION FOR INPUT VOLTAGE RATING

(A) Rear-Panel Layout (B) Side-Panel Input and Output Designations


Figure 21 Dual Fiber Ethernet With 2 AVI/ 4 AFDI Voltage Option With Arc-Flash Detector Inputs, DeviceNet Card, and
Fast Hybrid 4 DI/4 DO Card (Relay MOT 751501AA3CA70850830)

Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Inc. SEL-751 Data Sheet


22

i5369d
i5370a SEE DOCUMENTATION FOR INPUT VOLTAGE RATING

(A) Rear-Panel Layout (B) Side-Panel Input and Output Designations


Figure 22 Single Copper Ethernet, EIA-485 Communication, 8 DO (Form A) Card, 4 AI/4 AO Card, and 2 AVI/4 AFDI
Voltage Option With Arc-Flash Detector Inputs (Relay MOT 751201A2A6X70810320)

i5366a SEE DOCUMENTATION FOR INPUT VOLTAGE RATING i5365c


(A) Rear-Panel Layout (B) Side-Panel Input and Output Designations

Figure 23 Single Copper Ethernet With EIA-232 Communication, 10 RTD Card, 4 DI/4 DO Card, and 2 AVI/4 AFDI
Voltage Option Card With Arc-Flash Detector Inputs (Relay MOT 751501A1A9X70850230)

SEL-751 Data Sheet Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Inc.


GND
Z01 D01
C01

PORT 1A
E01

+
Z02 C02
A01

/H
C03


Z03 E02 C04 A02

/N
C05
A03
Z04

(A) Rear-Panel Layout


C06

(A) Rear-Panel Layout


E03

PORT 1B
C07 A04
Z05
C08
A05
E04 D08
Z06 A06

TX
Z07

PORT 2
E05 D09

RX
C09 A07
Z08

Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Inc.


C10
E06 A08

9
Z09 C11
C12 A09

Z10 E07 C13


A10

PORT 3
C14
Z11 A11

1
C15
E08
C16
A12
Z12 D16

i5367a

i6376a
ACI
TX RX
01
PORT 1A
ETHERNET
GND
8 DI Card, and 8 DO Card (Form A) (Relay MOT 751401AA03A2A850000)
Z01 01 IN_01
OUT_01
IA 02 IN_02 02
Z02 01
03 + /H
03 IN_03 10/100BASET
01 AF1 OUT_02
02 /N

POWER
Z03 04 IN_04 04 PORT 1B
IB ETHERNET
Z04 02 AF2 05 IN_05 05 03
OUT_03 OUT_01

8 mm
0.31 in
06 IN_06 06 04
Z05 03 AF3 07 IN_07 07 05
IC
(B) Side-Panel Input and Output Designations

OUT_04 10/100BASET OUT_02

(B) Side-Panel Input and Output Designations


Z06 08 COM
08 06
04 AF4 PORT 2
FIBER OPTIC
Z07 09 IN_08
IN 09 07
TX
SEE DOCUMENTATION FOR INPUT VOLTAGE RATING

SEE DOCUMENTATION FOR INPUT VOLTAGE RATING


Z08 05 AF5 10 IN_09 IN_01
WIRE STRIP GUIDE

10
11 IN_10 RX 08 OUT_03
AVI 11
06 AF6 12 IN_11 IN_02 PORT 3 PORT F
Figure 24 No Ethernet, EIA-232 Serial Communications, EIA-232/EIA-485 Communications Card,

Z09 VA VA 12 EIA232 09 EIA232


13 IN_12
07 AF7 13 1 +5 Vdc 10 1 N/C
Z10 VB VB 14 IN_13 2 RXD 2 RXD
(COM) IN_03 IN_01
14 3 TXD 3 TXD
Z11 VC VC 15 IN_14 4 +IRIGB 11 4 N/C
08 AF8 15 5 GND 5 GND
Z12 N COM 16 COM IN_04 6 IRIGB IN_02 6 N/C
7 RTS 7 RTS
16 8 CTS 12
WYE OPEN 8 CTS
DELTA INPUTS: INPUTS: 9 GND INPUTS: 9 GND

Z E 500 D 400 C 300 B 200 A 100 FRONT


i5368b

With 5 A Phase, 200 mA Neutral and 3-Phase AC Voltage Inputs (300 Vac) (Relay MOT 7515S1A1A4A77870671)
i6378a

Figure 25 Dual Copper Ethernet, 4 DI/4 DO card, 14 DI card, 8 AFDI With Arc-Flash Detector Inputs, 4 ACI/3 AVI Card

SEL-751 Data Sheet


23
24

GND
Z01 D01
E01
C01

PORT 1A

Figure 27
+
Z02 C02
E02 A01
/H

C03

Z03 C04 A02


/N

E03
C05

SEL-751 Data Sheet


A03
Z04 C06

(A) Rear-Panel Layout


E04

PORT 1B
C07 A04
Z05 C08
A05
D08
Z06 TX A06

Z07
PORT 2

E05 D09
RX

C09 A07

Relay Dimensions
Z08
C10 A08
E06
9

Z09 C11
C12 A09

Z10 E07 C13 A10


PORT 3

C14
A11
1

Z11 C15
E08

(8 Vac) (Relay MOT 751501A4A2BL0L70671)


C16 A12
Z12 D16

i6377a

SEL-751 Dimensions for Rack- and Panel-Mount Models


ACI PORT 1A
ETHERNET
01 GND
Z01 01 IN_01
OUT_01
IA E01 VS
02 02 IN_02
Z02 01
03 + /H
03 IN_03 10/100BASET
E02 NS OUT_02
02 /N
POWER

Z03 04 04 IN_04
PORT 1B
IB ETHERNET
Z04 05 05 IN_05 03
E03 VBAT+ OUT_03 OUT_01
8 mm
0.31 in

06 06 IN_06 04
Z05 07 IN_07
E04 VBAT- 07 05
IC
(B) Side-Panel Input and Output Designations

OUT_04 10/100BASET OUT_02


Z06 08 COM
08 06

7.36
PORT 2

(187.0)
FIBER OPTIC
Z07 TX RX 09 IN_08
IN 09 07
SEE DOCUMENTATION FOR INPUT VOLTAGE RATING

OUT_05 TX
Z08 10 IN_09
WIRE STRIP GUIDE

10
E05 AF1 11 IN_10 RX 08 OUT_03
AVI 11
OUT_06 12 IN_11 PORT 3 PORT F
Z09 VA VA E06 AF2 12 EIA232 09 EIA232
13 IN_12
13 1 +5 Vdc 10 1 N/C
Z10 VB VB OUT_07 14 IN_13 2 RXD 2 RXD
(COM) IN_01
E07 AF3 14 3 TXD 3 TXD
Z11 VC VC 15 IN_14 4 +IRIGB 11 4 N/C
15 5 GND 5 GND
Z12 N COM OUT_08 16 COM 6 IRIGB IN_02 6 N/C
E08 AF4 7 RTS 7 RTS
16 8 CTS 12
WYE OPEN 8 CTS

5.47
DELTA INPUTS: 9 GND INPUTS: 9 GND

(139.0)
Figure 26 Dual Copper Ethernet, 14 DI Card, 8 DO (Form B) Card, 2 AVI/4 AFDI LEA Vsync, Vbat Inputs, and

Z E 500 D 400 C 300 B 200 A 100 FRONT


4 Arc-Flash Detection Inputs, 4 ACI/ 3 AVI Card With 5 A Phase, 200 mA Neutral and 3-Phase LEA Voltage Inputs

i9089b
i6379a

Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Inc.


25

Specifications
Low-Energy Analog (LEA) Voltage Inputs
Rated Continuous Voltage: 8 Vac (phase-to-neutral)
Compliance
Nominal LEA Voltage: 0.56.8 Vrms (phase-to-neutral)
Designed and manufactured under an ISO 9001 certified quality
management system Input Range: 12 Vpeak
47 CFR 15B, Class A 10-second Thermal: 300 Vac (phase-to-neutral)
Note: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the Burden: < 0.1 VA
limits for a Class A digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC
Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection Input Impedance: 2 M single-ended (phase-to-neutral)
against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a 4 M differential (phase-to-phase)
commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can
radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in Power Supply
accordance with the instruction manual, may cause harmful
interference to radio communications. Operation of this equipment in 125/250 Vdc or 120/240 Vac
a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference in which case
Rated Supply Voltage: 110240 Vac, 50/60 Hz
the user will be required to correct the interference at his own
expense. 110250 Vdc

UL Listed to U.S. and Canadian safety standards (File E212775; Input Voltage Range: 85264 Vac
NRGU; NRGU7) 85300 Vdc

CSA certified for Hazardous Locations to Canadian and US standards Power Consumption: < 40 VA (ac)
(File 1875030; 225802, 225882) < 20 W (dc)
CE Mark Interruptions: 50 ms @ 125 Vac/Vdc
100 ms @ 250 Vac/Vdc
General 24/48 Vdc
Rated Supply Voltage: 2448 Vdc
AC Current Input
Input Voltage Range: 19.260.0 Vdc
Phase and Neutral Currents
Power Consumption: <20 W (dc)
INOM = 200 mA, 1 A, or 5 A secondary, depending on model.
Interruptions: 10 ms @ 24 Vdc
INOM = 5 A 50 ms @ 48 Vdc
Continuous Rating: 3 INOM @ 85C, linear to 100 A
symmetrical Output Contacts
4 INOM @ 55C, linear to 100 A
General
symmetrical
OUT103 is Form C Trip output, all other outputs are Form A, except for
1-Second Thermal: 500 A
the SELECT 4 DI /3 DO card, which supports one Form B and two
Burden (per phase): < 0.1 VA @ 5 A Form C outputs and the SELECT 8 DO card, which supports Form A
INOM = 1 A and Form B outputs.

Continuous Rating: 3 INOM @ 85C, linear to 20 A Mechanical Durability: 100,000 no-load operations
symmetrical Pickup/Dropout Time: 8 ms (coil energization to contact
4 INOM @ 55C, linear to 20 A closure)
symmetrical
DC Output Ratings
1-Second Thermal: 100 A
Rated Operational Voltage: 250 Vdc
Burden (per phase): < 0.01 VA @ 1 A
Rated Voltage Range: 19.2275 Vdc
INOM = 200 mA
Rated Insulation Voltage: 300 Vdc
Continuous Rating: 4 A, linear to 4 A symmetrical
Make: 30 A @ 250 Vdc per IEEE C37.90
1-Second Thermal: 20 A
Continuous Carry: 6 A @ 70C
Burden (per phase): < 0.01 VA @ 0.2 A 4 A @ 85C
Measurement Category: II Thermal: 50 A for 1 s
Contact Protection: 360 Vdc, 40 J MOV protection across
AC Voltage Input open contacts
VNOM (L-L) Setting Range: 20250 V (if DELTA_Y := DELTA) Breaking Capacity (10,000 operations) per IEC 60255-0-20:1974:
20440 V (if DELTA_Y := WYE) 24 Vdc 0.75 A L/R = 40 ms
300 Vac Voltage Inputs 48 Vdc 0.50 A L/R = 40 ms
125 Vdc 0.30 A L/R = 40 ms
Rated Continuous Voltage: 300 Vac 250 Vdc 0.20 A L/R = 40 ms
10-Second Thermal: 600 Vac Cyclic (2.5 cycles/second) per IEC 60255-0-20:1974:
Burden: < 0.1 VA 24 Vdc 0.75 A L/R = 40 ms
48 Vdc 0.50 A L/R = 40 ms
Input Impedance: 4 M differential (phase-to-phase) 125 Vdc 0.30 A L/R = 40 ms
250 Vdc 0.20 A L/R = 40 ms

Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Inc. SEL-751 Data Sheet


26

AC Output Ratings 48 V: ON for 38.460.0 Vdc


OFF below 28.8 Vdc
Maximum Operational
Voltage (Ue) Rating: 240 Vac 24 V: ON for 1530 Vdc
OFF below 5 Vdc
Insulation Voltage (Ui) Rating
(excluding EN 61010-1): 300 Vac When Used With AC Control Signals
Utilization Category: AC-15 (control of electromagnetic 250 V: ON for 170.6312.5 Vac
loads > 72 VA) OFF below 106 Vac
Contact Rating Designation: B300 (B = 5 A, 300 = rated insulation 220 V: ON for 150.2275 Vac
voltage) OFF below 93.3 Vac
Voltage Protection Across 270 Vac, 40 J 125 V: ON for 85156.2 Vac
Open Contacts: OFF below 53 Vac
Rated Operational 3 A @ 120 Vac 110 V: ON for 75.1137.5 Vac
Current (Ie): 1.5 A @ 240 Vac OFF below 46.6 Vac
Conventional Enclosed 48 V: ON for 32.860 Vac
Thermal Current (Ithe)
OFF below 20.3 Vac
Rating: 5A
24 V: ON for 1430 Vac
Rated Frequency: 50/60 5 Hz
OFF below 5 Vac
Electrical Durability Make 3600 VA, cos = 0.3
VA Rating: Current Draw at Nominal DC 2 mA (at 220250 V)
Voltage: 4 mA (at 48125 V)
Electrical Durability Break 360 VA, cos = 0.3 10 mA (at 24 V)
VA Rating:
Rated Impulse Withstand
UL/CSA Digital Output Contact Temperature Derating for Operating at Voltage (Uimp): 4000 V
Elevated Temperatures
Analog Output (Optional)
Digital Output Operating Maximum Value
Cards Installed Ambient of Current (Ithe) Duty Factor 1 A0 4 A0
13 less than or equal 5.0 A Continuous Current: 420 mA 20 mA
to 60C
Voltage: 10 V
13 between 60C and 2.5 A Continuous
70C Load at 1 mA: 015 k
Load at 20 mA: 0300 0750
Fast Hybrid (High-Speed, High-Current Interrupting)
Load at 10 V: >2000
Make: 30 A
Refresh Rate: 100 ms 100 ms
Carry: 6 A continuous carry at 70C
4 A continuous carry at 85C % Error, Full Scale, at 25C: < 1% < 0.55%

1 s Rating: 50 A Select From: Analog quantities available in the relay

Open State Leakage Current: < 500 A


Analog Inputs (Optional)
MOV Protection (maximum 250 Vac/330 Vdc
voltage): Maximum Input Range: 20 mA
10 V
Pickup Time: < 50 s, resistive load Operational range set by user
Dropout Time: < 8 ms, resistive load Input Impedance: 200 (current mode)
Break Capacity (10,000 Operations): >10 k (voltage mode)
48 Vdc 10.0 A L/R = 40 ms Accuracy at 25C
125 Vdc 10.0 A L/R = 40 ms
With User Calibration: 0.05% of full scale (current mode)
250 Vdc 10.0 A L/R = 20 ms
0.025% of full scale (voltage mode)
Cyclic Capacity (4 cycles in 1 second, followed by 2 minutes idle for
thermal dissipation): Without User Calibration: Better than 0.5% of full scale at 25C

48 Vdc 10.0 A L/R = 40 ms Accuracy Variation With 0.015% per C of full-scale


125 Vdc 10.0 A L/R = 40 ms Temperature: (20 mA or 10 V)
250 Vdc 10.0 A L/R = 20 ms
Note: Per IEC 60255-23:1994, using the simplified method of
Arc-Flash Detectors (Optional)
assessment. Multimode fiber-optic receiver/transmitter pair
Note: Make rating per IEEE C37.90-1989. Fiber Type: 1000-m diameter, 640 nm wavelength,
plastic, clear-jacketed, or black-
Optoisolated Control Inputs jacketed
When Used With DC Control Signals Connector Type: V-Pin
250 V: ON for 200.0312.5 Vdc
OFF below 150 Vdc Frequency and Phase Rotation
220 V: ON for 176275 Vdc System Frequency: 50, 60 Hz
OFF below 132 Vdc Phase Rotation: ABC, ACB
125 V: ON for 100.0156.2 Vdc Frequency Tracking: 1570 Hz
OFF below 75 Vdc
110 V: ON for 88.0137.5 Vdc
OFF below 66 Vdc

SEL-751 Data Sheet Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Inc.


27

Channels 1-8 Arc-Flash Detectors (AFDI)


Time-Code Input
Diagnostic Wavelength: 640 nm
Format: Demodulated IRIG-B
Optical Connector Type: V-Pin
On (1) State: Vih 2.2 V
Fiber Type: Multimode
Off (0) State: Vil 0.8 V
Typical TX Power: 12 dBm
Input Impedance: 2 k
Synchronization Accuracy 1 s Point Sensor
Internal Clock: Minimum Receive 52.23 dB
Synchrophasor Reports 10 s Sensitivity:
(e.g., MET PM): Point Sensor Diagnostic 28 dB
All other reports: 5 ms Worst Case Loss:

Simple Network Time 5 ms Link Budget: 12.23 dB


Protocol (SNTP) Accuracy Black-Jacketed Fiber Worst 0.19 dBm
Internal Clock: Case Loss:
Unsynchronized Clock Drift 2 minutes per year typical Black-Jacketed Fiber Typical 0.17 dBm
Relay Powered: Loss:
ST or V-Pin Connector Splice 2.00 dB
Communications Ports Loss:
Standard EIA-232 (2 ports) Approximate Range: As much as 35 m
Location: Front Panel Fiber Sensor
Rear Panel
Minimum Receive 29.23 dB
Data Speed: 30038400 bps Sensitivity:
EIA-485 Port (optional) Link Budget: 17.23 dB
Location: Rear Panel Clear-Jacketed Fiber Worst 0.19 dBm
Case Loss:
Data Speed: 30019200 bps
Clear-Jacketed Fiber Typical 0.17 dBm
Ethernet Port (optional) Loss:
Single/Dual 10/100BASE-T copper (RJ45 connector) ST or V-Pin Connector Splice 2.00 dB
Single/Dual 100BASE-FX (LC connector) Loss:
Standard Multimode Fiber-Optic Port Approximate Range: As much as 70 m
Location: Rear Panel
Optional Communications Cards
Data Speed: 30038400 bps
Option 1: EIA-232 or EIA-485 communications
card
Fiber-Optic Ports Characteristics
Option 2: DeviceNet communications card
Port 1 (or 1A, 1B) Ethernet
Wavelength: 1300 nm Communications Protocols
Optical Connector Type: LC SEL, Modbus, DNP3, FTP, TCP/IP, Telnet, SNTP, IEC 61850
Fiber Type: Multimode Edition 2, IEC 60870-105-103, PRP, MIRRORED BITS, EVMSG,
C37.118 (synchrophasors), and DeviceNet.
Link Budget: 16.1 dB
Typical TX Power: 15.7 dBm Operating Temperature
RX Min. Sensitivity: 31.8 dBm IEC Performance Rating : 40 to +85C (40 to +185F)
Fiber Size: 62.5/125 m (per IEC/EN 60068-2-1 and
IEC/EN 60068-2-2)
Approximate Range: ~6.4 km
Note: Not applicable to UL applications.
Data Rate: 100 Mbps Note: LCD contrast is impaired for temperatures below 20C and
Typical Fiber Attenuation: 2 dB/km above +70C.
Port 2 Serial DeviceNet Communications
Card Rating: +60C (+140F) maximum
Wavelength: 820 nm
Optoisolated Control Inputs: As many as 26 inputs are allowed in
Optical Connector Type: ST
ambient temperatures of 85C or less.
Fiber Type: Multimode As many as 34 inputs are allowed in
Link Budget: 8 dB ambient temperatures of 75C or less.
As many as 44 inputs are allowed in
Typical TX Power: 16 dBm
ambient temperatures of 65C or less.
RX Min. Sensitivity: 24 dBm
Fiber Size: 62.5/125 m Operating Environment
Approximate Range: ~1 km Pollution Degree: 2
Data Rate: 5 Mbps Overvoltage Category: II
Typical Fiber Attenuation: 4 dB/km Atmospheric Pressure: 80110 kPa

Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Inc. SEL-751 Data Sheet


28

Relative Humidity: 595%, noncondensing Power Supply Immunity: IEC 60255-26:2013; Section 7.2.11
Maximum Altitude Without 2000 m IEC 60255-26:2013; Section 7.2.12
Derating (consult the factory IEC 60255-26:2013; Section 7.2.13
for higher altitude derating): IEC 61000-4-11:2004
IEC 61000-4-17:1999
Dimensions IEC 61000-4-29:2000
144.0 mm (5.67 in.) x 192.0 mm (7.56 in.) x 147.4 mm (5.80 in.) Radiated RF Immunity: IEC 61000-4-3:2010
IEC 60255-26:2013; Section 7.2.4
Weight 10 V/m
IEEE C37.90.2-2004
2.7 kg (6.0 lb) 35 V/m
Surge Immunity: IEC 61000-4-5:2005
Relay Mounting Screw (#8-32) Tightening Torque
IEC 60255-26:2013; Section 7.2.7
Minimum: 1.4 Nm (12 in-lb) 2 kV line-to-line
Maximum: 1.7 Nm (15 in-lb) 4 kV line-to-earth
Surge Withstand Capability IEC 60255-26:2013; Section 7.2.6
Terminal Connections Immunity: 2.5 kV common mode
1 kV differential mode
Terminal Block 1 kV common mode on comm. ports
Screw Size: #6 IEEE C37.90.1-2002
2.5 kV oscillatory
Ring Terminal Width: 0.310-inch maximum
4 kV fast transient
Terminal Block Tightening Torque
Minimum: 0.9 Nm (8 in-lb) Environmental
Maximum: 1.4 Nm (12 in-lb) Cold: IEC 60068-2-1:2007
Severity Level: 16 hours at 40C
Compression Plug Tightening Torque
Damp Heat, Cyclic: IEC 60068-2-30:2005
Minimum: 0.5 Nm (4.4 in-lb) Severity Level: 25C to 55, 6 cycles,
Maximum: 1.0 Nm (8.8 in-lb) Relative Humidity: 95%

Compression Plug Mounting Ear Screw Tightening Torque Dry Heat: IEC 60068-2-2:2007
Severity Level: 16 hours at +85C
Minimum: 0.225 Nm (1.6 in-lb)
Dry Heat Steady State: IEC 60068-2-78:2001
Maximum: 0.25 Nm (2.2 in-lb) Severity Level: 93% RHMin, 40C;
10 days
Type Tests
Enclosure Protection: IEC 60529:2001 + CRDG:2003
IP65 enclosed in panel
Electromagnetic Compatibility Emissions
IP20 for terminals
Conducted Emissions: EN 61000-6-4:2007 Class A IP54 rated terminal dust protection
FCC 47 CFR 15.109:2014 Class A assembly (SEL Part #915900170).
FCC 47 CFR 15.109(g):2014 Class A 10C temperature derating applies to
IEC 60255-26:2013 Class A the temperature specifications of the
Radiated Emissions: EN 61000-6-4:2007 Class A relay.
FCC 47 CFR 15.107:2014 Class A Vibration Resistance: IEC 60255-21-1:1988
IEC 60255-26:2013 Class A
Endurance: Class 2
Electromagnetic Compatibility Immunity Response: Class 2

Conducted RF Immunity: IEC 60255-26:2013; Section 7.2.8 Shock Resistance: IEC 60255-21-2:1988
Severity Level: 10 Vrms Withstand: Class 1
IEC 61000-4-6:2008 Response: Class 2
Severity Level: 10 Vrms
Bump: Class 1
Electrostatic Discharge IEC 61000-4-2:2008
Immunity: IEC 60255-26:2013; Section 7.2.3 Seismic Resistance: IEC 60255-21-3:1993
IEEE C37.90.3:2001 Quake Response: Class 2
Severity Level 4
8 kV contact discharge Safety
15 kV air discharge Dielectric Test (Hi-Pot): IEC 60255-27:2013; Section 10.6.4.3
Fast Transient, Burst IEC 61000-4-4:2011 IEEE C37.90-2005
Immunity: IEC 60255-26:2013; Section 7.2.5 Severity Level: 2500 Vac on contact
4 kV @ 5.0 kHz inputs, contact outputs, and analog
2 kV @ 5.0 kHz for comm. ports inputs. 3100 Vdc on power supply.
Magnetic Field Immunity: IEC 61000-4-8:2009 Type Tested for 1 minute.
Severity Level: 1000 A/m for 3 Impulse Voltage Test: IEC 60255-27:2013
seconds Section 10.6.4.2 ac or dc
100 A/m for 1 minute Severity Level: 0.5 J, 5 kV
IEC 61000-4-9: 2001 IEEE C37.90:2005
Severity Level: 1000 A/m Severity Level: 0.5 J, 5 kV

SEL-751 Data Sheet Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Inc.


29

Processing Specifications and Oscillography Arc-Flash Instantaneous Overcurrent (50PAF, 50NAF)


AC Voltage and 32 samples per power system cycle Pickup Setting Range, A Secondary:
Current Inputs:
5 A models: 0.50100.00 A, 0.01-A steps
Frequency Tracking Range: 1570 Hz
1 A models: 0.1020.00 A, 0.01-A steps
Digital Filtering: One-cycle cosine after low-pass analog
Accuracy: 0 to +10% of setting plus 0.02 INOM
filtering. Net filtering (analog plus
A secondary (Steady State pickup)
digital) rejects dc and all harmonics
greater than the fundamental. Pickup/Dropout Time: 25 ms/1 cycle

Protection and Processing interval is 4 times per power


Control Processing:
Arc-Flash Time-Overlight (TOL1TOL8)
system cycle (except for math
variables and analog quantities, which Pickup Setting Range, % of 3.020.0% (Point Sensor)
are processed every 25 ms). Analog Full Scale: 0.64.0% (Fiber Sensor)
quantities for rms data are derived Pickup/Dropout Time: 25 ms/1 cycle
from data averaged from the previous
8 cycles Inverse-Time Overcurrent (51P, 51G, 51N, 51Q)
Arc-Flash Processing: Arc-Flash light is sampled 32 times per Pickup Setting Range, A Secondary:
cycle.
5 A models: 0.2524.00 A, 0.01 A steps (51N)
Arc-Flash current, light, and 2 fast
hybrid outputs are processed 16 times 1 A models: 0.054.80 A, 0.01 A steps (51N)
per cycle. Accuracy: 5% of setting plus 0.02 INOM A
secondary (Steady State pickup)
Oscillography Time Dial
Length: 15, 64, or 180 cycles
US: 0.5015.00, 0.01 steps
Sampling Rate: 16 samples per cycle unfiltered,
IEC: 0.051.50, 0.01 steps
4 samples per cycle filtered
Accuracy: 1.5 cycles, plus 4% between 2 and 30
Trigger: Programmable with Boolean expressions
multiples of pickup (within rated
Format: ASCII and Compressed ASCII range of current)
Binary COMTRADE (32 samples per
cycle unfiltered) IEC Thermal Element (49IEC)
Time-Stamp Resolution: 1 ms Setting Range: Trip Pickup, 1150%
Time-Stamp Accuracy: 5 ms Alarm Pickup, 1100%
Pickup Accuracy: 2% (for I INOM)
Sequential Events Recorder 5% (for 0.4 INOM < I < INOM)
Time-Stamp Resolution: 1 ms Time to Trip/Reset Accuracy: 5% plus 0.5 s of the calculated value
Time-Stamp Accuracy 5 ms
(with respect to time Undervoltage (27P, 27PP, 27S)
source):
Setting Range: OFF, 2.00300.00 V (Phase elements,
phase-to-phase elements with delta
Relay Elements inputs or synchronism voltage input)
OFF, 2.00520.00 V (Phase-to-phase
Instantaneous/Definite-Time Overcurrent (50P, 50G, 50N, 50Q) elements with wye inputs)
Pickup Setting Range, A Secondary: Accuracy: 1% of setting plus 0.5 V
5 A models: 0.25100.00 A, 0.01 A steps Time Delay: 0.00120.00 seconds, 0.01-second steps
1 A models: 0.0520.00 A, 0.01 A steps Pickup/Dropout Time: <1.5 cycles
200 mA model: 10.00960.00 mA, 0.01 mA steps (50N)
Accuracy: 3% plus 0.02 INOM A secondary Overvoltage (59P, 59PP, 59G, 59Q, 59S)
(Steady State) Setting Range: OFF, 2.00300.00 V (Phase elements,
5% plus 0.02 INOM A secondary phase-to-phase elements with delta
(Transient) inputs or synchronism voltage input)
6% plus 0.02 INOM A secondary OFF, 2.00520.00 V (Phase-to-phase
(Transient for 50Q) elements with wye inputs)
Time Delay: 0.00400.00 seconds, 0.01 seconds Accuracy: 1% of setting plus 0.5 V
steps Time Delay: 0.00120.00 seconds, 0.01-second steps
0.1400.0 seconds, 0.1 second steps
(50Q) Pickup/Dropout Time: <1.5 cycles

Pickup/Dropout Time: <1.5 cycles Inverse-Time Undervoltage (27I)


Setting Range: OFF, 2.00300.00 V (Phase elements,
positive-sequence elements, phase-to-
phase elements with delta inputs or
synchronism-check voltage input)
OFF, 2.00520.00 V (Phase-to-phase
elements with wye inputs)
Accuracy: 1% of setting plus 0.5 V

Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Inc. SEL-751 Data Sheet


30

Time Dial: 0.0016.00 s


Frequency (81)
Accuracy: 1.5 cyc plus 4% between 0.95 and
0.1 multiples of pickup Setting Range: Off, 15.0070.00 Hz
Accuracy: 0.01 Hz (V1 >60 V) with voltage
Inverse-Time Overvoltage (59I) tracking
Setting Range: OFF, 2.00300.00 V (Phase elements, 0.05 Hz (I1 >0.8 INOM) with current
sequence elements, or phase-to-phase tracking
elements with delta inputs or Time Delay: 0.00240.00 seconds, 0.01 second steps
synchronism voltage input) Pickup/Dropout Time: < 4 cycles
OFF, 2.00520.00 V (Phase-to-phase
elements with wye inputs) Rate-of-Change of Frequency (81R)
Accuracy: 1% of setting plus 0.5 V
Setting Range: OFF, 0.1015.00 Hz/s
Time Dial: 0.0016.00 s
Accuracy: 100 mHz/s, plus 3.33% of pickup
Accuracy: 1.5 cyc plus 4% between 1.05 and
Time Delay: 0.1060.00 seconds, 0.01 second steps
5.5 multiples of pickup
Synchronism Check (25)
Harmonic Blocking
Pickup Range, Secondary 0.00300.00 V
Pickup Range (% of Voltage:
fundamental): 5100%
Pickup Accuracy, Secondary 1% plus 0.5 volts (over the range of
Pickup Accuracy 5 A Model: 5% plus 0.10 A of Voltage: 2300 V)
(A secondary): harmonic current
1 A Model: 5% plus 0.02 A of Slip Frequency Pickup Range: 0.05 Hz0.50 Hz
harmonic current Slip Frequency Pickup 0.02 Hz
Time Delay Accuracy: 0.5% plus 0.25 cycle Accuracy:
Phase Angle Range: 080
Vector Shift (78VS) Phase Angle Accuracy: 4
Pickup Setting Range: 2.030.0 deg, 0.1-degree increment
Accuracy: 10% of the pickup setting, 1 degree
Load-Encroachment Detection
Voltage Supervision 20.0100.0% VNOM Setting Range
Threshold: 5 A Model: 0.10128.00 ohms secondary,
Pickup Time: <3 cycles 0.01 ohms steps
1 A Model: 0.50640.00 ohms secondary,
Power Elements (32) 0.01 ohms steps
Instantaneous/Definite Time, +W, W, +VAR, VAR Forward Load Angle: 90 to +90
3 Phase Elements Type:
Forward Load Angle: +90 to +270
Pickup Setting Range, VA Secondary:
Accuracy
5 A models: 1.06500.0 VA, 0.1 VA steps
Impedance Measurement: 5% plus 0.5 ohms
1 A models: 0.21300.0 VA, 0.1 VA steps
Angle Measurement: 3
Accuracy: 0.10 A (L-L voltage secondary) plus
5% of setting at unity power factor
Station Battery Voltage Monitor
for power elements and zero power
factor for reactive power elements Operating Range: 0350 Vdc (300 Vdc for UL purposes)
(5 A nominal) Pickup Range: 20.00300.00 Vdc
0.02 A (L-L voltage secondary) plus
Pickup accuracy: 2% of setting plus 2 Vdc
5% of setting at unity power factor
for power elements and zero power
factor for reactive power elements
Timers
(1 A nominal) Setting Range: Various
Time Delay: 0.0240.0 seconds, 0.1-second steps Accuracy: 0.5% of setting plus 1/4 cycle
Pickup/Dropout Time: <10 cycles
RTD Protection
Power Factor (55) Setting Range: Off, 1250C
Setting Range: OFF, 0.050.99 Accuracy: 2C
Accuracy: 5% of full scale RTD Open-Circuit Detection: >250C
for current 0.5 INOM RTD Short-Circuit Detection: <50C
Time Delay: 1240 seconds, 1-second steps RTD Types: PT100, NI100, NI120, CU10
RTD Lead Resistance: 25 ohm max. per lead
Update Rate: <3 s
Noise Immunity on RTD As high as 1.4 Vac (peak) at 50 Hz or
Inputs: greater frequency
RTD Trip/Alarm Time Delay: Approx. 6 s

SEL-751 Data Sheet Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Inc.


31

Metering Synchrophasor Accuracy


Accuracies are specified at 20C, nominal frequency, ac currents within
(0.220.0) INOM A secondary, and ac voltages within 50250 V Maximum Message Rate
secondary (1.336.67 V secondary with 8 V LEA option), unless Nominal 60 Hz System: 60 messages per second
otherwise noted.
Nominal 50 Hz System: 50 messages per second
Phase Currents: 1% of reading, 1 (2.5 at 0.20.5
A for relays with INOM = 1 A) The voltage accuracy specifications are only applicable for the model
options with standard voltage inputs (not applicable to LEA option).
3-Phase Average Current: 1% of reading The current accuracy specifications are applicable for all 1 A and 5 A
IG (Residual Current): 2% of reading, 2 (5.0 at 0.20.5 options.
A for relays with INOM = 1 A)
Accuracy for Voltages
IN (Neutral Current): 1% of reading, 1 (2.5 at 0.2
0.5 A for relays with INOM = 1 A) Level 1 compliant as specified in IEEE C37.118 under the following
1.6 mA and 1% (0.044.0 A) (0.2 A conditions for the specified range.
nominal channel IN current input) Conditions
I1 Positive-Sequence Current: 2% of reading
At maximum message rate
3I2 Negative-Sequence When phasor has the same frequency as the positive-sequence
Current: 2% of reading voltage
System Frequency: 0.01 Hz of reading for frequencies Frequency-based phasor compensation is enabled PHCOMP := Y)
within 1570 Hz (V1 > 60 V) The narrow bandwidth filter is selected (PMAPP := N)
Line-to-Line Voltages: 1% of reading, 1 for voltages Range
3-Phase Average Line-to- 1% of reading for voltages within Frequency: 5.0 Hz of nominal (50 or 60 Hz)
Line Voltage: 24264 V
Magnitude: 30 V250 V
Line-to-Ground Voltages: 1% of reading, 1 for voltages within
24264 V (0.647.04 V for LEA Phase Angle: 179.99 to +180.00
inputs) Out-of-Band Interfering 10 Hz Fs (2 FNOM)
Frequency (Fs):
3-Phase Average Line-to- 1% of reading for voltages within
Ground Voltages: 24264 V (0.647.04 V for LEA
inputs)
Accuracy for Currents
Voltage Imbalance (%): 2% of reading Level 1 compliant as specified in IEEE C37.118 under the following
conditions for the specified range.
V1 Positive-Sequence 2% of reading for voltages within
Voltage: 24264 V (0.647.04 V for LEA Conditions
inputs) At maximum message rate
3V2 Negative-Sequence 2% of reading for voltages within When phasor has the same frequency as the positive-sequence
Voltage: 24264 V (0.647.04 V for LEA voltage
inputs) Frequency-based phasor compensation is enabled PHCOMP := Y)
Real 3-Phase Power (kW): 3% of reading for 0.10 < pf < 1.00
The narrow bandwidth filter is selected (PMAPP := N)
Reactive 3-Phase Power 3% of reading for 0.00 < pf < 0.90 Range
(kVAR): Frequency: 5.0 Hz of nominal (50 or 60 Hz)
Apparent 3-Phase Power 3% of reading Magnitude: (0.42) INOM (INOM = 1 A or 5 A)
(kVA):
Phase Angle: 179.99 to +180.00
Power Factor: 2% of reading
Out-of-Band Interfering 10 Hz Fs (2 FNOM)
RTD Temperatures: 2C Frequency (Fs):

Energy Meter
Accumulators: Separate IN and OUT accumulators
updated once per second, transferred
to nonvolatile storage 4 times per day.
ASCII Report Resolution: 0.001 MWh
Accuracy: The accuracy of the energy meter
depends on applied current and power
factor as shown in the power metering
accuracy specifications above. The
additional error introduced by
accumulating power to yield energy is
negligible when power changes slowly
compared to the processing rate of
once per second.

Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Inc. SEL-751 Data Sheet


32

20112015 by Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Inc. All rights reserved.


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Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Inc. reserves all rights and benefits afforded under
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itation software, firmware, and documentation.
The information in this document is provided for informational use only and is subject to
change without notice. Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Inc. has approved only the
English language document.

*PDS751-01*
This product is covered by the standard SEL 10-year warranty. For warranty details, visit
www.selinc.com or contact your customer service representative.

SEL-751 Relay Date Code 20151112