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English Exam

Medieval Era (1066 - 1400)

1066, Norman Conquest

came to Britain and conquered

Court used the French language

People still talk in English, Fancier words, French

1362 : English becomes used in Parliament (before it was French)

Geoffrey Chaucer - Canterbury tales, first one written in middle-English

Encouraged people to read, tales were about everyday life, moralistic stories,
soap opera

Pyramid of Medieval society: King / church / lords / knights / peasants

Intention of taxes

Thomas Moore: Utopia 1529

Tudor Era: 1485 -1603, includes the Elizabethan Age (Renaissance)

King Henri the VIII (1491 - 1537)

He cuts ties with Rome / The Pope, made himself head of Church of England,

transition period, also called the Reformation, reformed the church

Elizabethan Age

also called the Golden Age

1542 - 1587 - Mary queen of Scots (captive from Elizabeth I and beheaded), she
remained catholic

the Virgin Queen, never married (1558 - 1603)

Act of supremacy, strengthens the protestant church

Shakespeare (1564 - 1616)

under her Reign, a lot of theatre, a lot of arts

Civil War (Cromwell) (1642 - 1660)

the Restauration (when the King is back in power) (1660, Charles the II)

(1649 - 1660): 2 ministers in charge, common wealth Cromwell + Woosey ???

Puritain era: austere, no dancing

were called Lord Protector, a bit of a dictature

1665: Black Plague

Great fire of London

Age of Reason, rationalism

1689: the monarchs rule in partnership with parliament (Glorious Revolution)

English bill of rights is introduced

John Lock, he wanted division of the power, the Two Treaties

Against supremacy of Kings

Based on natural rights

Influences American Revolution

American and French Revolutions (1776 / 1780)

George Kings: not too good

1707 Act of Union when GB was founded (England, Northern Ireland, Scotland)

1729, Jonathan Swift, Gulivers tale, satire, Modest Proposal

Ireland, the poor country


Romantic Poetry
Victorian Era

Queen Victoria (1837 - 1901)

Industrial Revolution

Pride & Prejudice

Oliver Twist (Charles Dickens)

when you got married, couldnt have heritage, no power when getting married


British Empire own the most Lands, People, etc

Britain became the largest industrial power in the world,

they had India, Canada, etc

Queen + Parliament / Royalty / Aristocracy / Church / middle class (growing)

Children working, poor work qualities, changed education laws, unions started
being formed

1871: Legalize Unions

Labour Party 1893

3 Categories

Jane Austen literature: gossip, etc

Oliver Twist literature: child labour, laws etc

Frankenstein, Sherlock Holmes, Poe : gothic, dark, spooky

Inventions during industrial revolution: Steam, light 1878, telephone,

1859 Charles Darwin, origin of Species

British Empire had 25% of the world population

American Revolution

Boston tea Party 500 000 pounds

Batte between England and 13 colonies, confederate

Declaration of independence

France helps fight against GB

1789, Washington, first president

Extra taxes, was justified because GB said we help you form your colonies, you
have to pay back

Paul Remeer. ??? disollutioned about English inequalities

Benjamin Franklin, says he's American now

George Washington fought GB army

Black people in the American army, 20%, 25 000 blacks, if they fought they would
become free

Commons sense Thomas Paine, influenced British but came to Philadelphia, said
British political system was not fair

Flag with 13 lines = states, stars: every time a state was added, a new star

declaration of independence: Thomas Jefferson

Slave trade

1619, first slaves brought

George Washington tried to abolish slavery (1830s)

they needed the slaves to pick up the cotton, and stretch and clean it

1794: cotton jim?? la machine

By 1810, 1820, everyone had it, 1 machine = 50 workers

slavery was abolished by state, first was NY 1799

1801: Jefferson wanted to end slavery in all states but was defeated by 1 vote

was still profitable

1865 abolished
Misoury compromised bill 1820: drew a line

Jim Crow laws, in the South, in the north, those laws were de Facto

1850: California joins USA

were going to California to find gold

travel by west with wagons and horses, pioneers

american literature starting at this time

1850: fugitive slate act: if he was going up north, had to be returned to the police
or back to south, reinforced, 1K find and 6 months in jail, to appease the South

tensions: south wants equal number of slave state and free slave state

leaves of Glass

1860: Civil war, North wanted to get rid of slavery and South didnt, 4 years, many
deaths, 600 000

southern states lost, Grant Vs. ?

1864: Abraham Lincoln elected, abolished slavery

He was shot by a confederate

1875: jame crow laws, segregation

schools, pools, restaurants, separated

was not equal rights

if you dont own land, you have to past a literacy test, or else no vote

1901: no blacks in the political system

Jim crow laws: until 1964 (almost a hundred year)

1964 they decided to have the Civil Rights Act