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60 Persen Masyarakat Indonesia Tidak Sadar Mengidap

Diabetes
info-iptek-dikti 6 Apr 2016

image: http://www.dikti.go.id/wp-content/uploads/2016/04/bowo-pramono.jpg

Diabetes melitus (DM) masih menjadi persoalah kesehatan serius dunia, termasuk Indonesia.
Indonesia merupakan negara yang berada di urutan ke-4 dengan prevalensi diabetes tertinggi
di dunia setelah India, China, dan Amerika Serikat. Bahkan jumlah pengidap diabetes terus
mengalami peningkatan dari tahun ke tahun, terutama untuk DM tipe 2. Data WHO
memperkirakan jumlah penderita DM tipe 2 di Indonesiaakan meningkat signifikan hingga
21,3 juta jiwa pada 2030 mendatang. Lebih dari 60 persen pengidap diabetes tidak sadar
kalau terkena diabetes. Kebanyakan datang ke dokter dalam kondisi sudah komplikasi,
ungkap Ahli Penyakit Dalam Fakultas Kedokteran (FK) UGM, dr. R. Bowo Pramono,
Sp.Pd.KEMD(K) Rabu (6/4).
Melihat kondisi ini Bowo menekankan pentingnya peningkatan kesadaran masyarakat untuk
lebih mengenali gejala diabetes sedini mungkin. Terdapat tiga gejala klasik diabetes yang
dikenal dengan istilah 3 P yaitu poliuri atau sering buang air kecil, polifagi atau sering merasa
lapar, dan polidpsi atau sering merasa haus. Disamping itu juga mengalami penurunan berat
badan tanpa disertai dengan sebab yang jelas. Gejala-gejala ini memang kerap tidak
diperhatikan sebagai keadaan yang harus dikhawatirkan sehingga tidak ada langkah untuk
melakukan pemeriksaan ke dokter, terangnya menyambut peringatan Hari Kesehatan
Sedunia Kamis (7/1) besok. Dalam peringatan hari kesehatan sedunia tahun ini WHO
mengangkat tema upaya pengentasan diabetes.
Bowo menyebutkan bahwa diabetes bukanlah suatu openyakit yang mematikan. Namun
begitu, penyakit yang timbul akibat peningkatan kadar gula dalam darah ini bisa memastikan
apabila terjadi komplikasi. Karenanya skrining itu diperlukan dengan rajin check up setahun
sekali, tegasnya.
Bowo menuturkan untuk menekan risiko terkena diabetes masyarakat diharapkan lebih
memperhatikan kesehatan dengan menjalani pola hidup sehat. Antara lain dengan makan
sesuai dengan kebutuhan dengan komposisi nutrisi seimbang dan melakukan olahraga secara
rutin. Pencegahan primer dilakukan dengan menjaga agar orang yang berisiko diabetes tidak
sampai terkena diabetes karenanya perlu dilakukan skrining,ujar Kepala SMF/KSM
Penyakit Dalam RSUP Dr. Sardjito ini.
Sementara pencegahan sekunder dilakukan agar penderita diabetes tidak mengalami
komplikasi akut. Pasalnya DM apabila tidak dikelola dengan baik akan menyebabkan
komlikasi kronis seperti stroke, serangan jantung, gangguan syaraf tepi, dan amputasi. Begitu
pula dengan pencegahan tersier perlu dilakukan agar penderita diabetes yang terkena
komplikasi tidak mengalami cacat, amputasi, bahkan kematian. Karenanya program edukasi
dan sosialisasi akan gejala, upaya pencegaha, dan pengelolaan diabetes ini sangat dibutuhkan
untuk menekan prevalensi diabetes secara nasional, pungkasnya. (Humas UGM/Ika)

Read more at http://www.dikti.go.id/60-persen-masyarakat-indonesia-tidak-sadar-mengidap-


diabetes/#uOGD5IecdYhggQRF.99
CARBOHYDRATES DIETARY FIBER FRUITS FRUITS INFOGRAPHICS MULTIMEDIA

THE INCREDIBLE HEALTH BENEFITS OF BANANAS


by DiabeTV
This delightful tropical fruit is part of a myth in relation to whether people with diabetes may
or may not eat. Once more we repeat: A person with diabetes can eat fruits without any
problem, even enjoy a banana.
4 Tips for Managing Your Diabetes at Work
by Edith Gomez

4 min read

Written by Edith Gomez

Diabetes is not a barrier for people in the workplace. A person with diabetes can still work
and function efficiently while theyre at work, as long as they have complete control over
their diabetes. By making the necessary adjustments you can make your work life and
diabetes get along.

Its important to know that you are not required by law to inform your employer about your
illness. However, hiding this condition may not be a good idea for you as an employee.

Allowing your colleagues and employers to know about your condition allows for better
control in certain situations (the possibility suffering from a hypo- or hyperglycemia in the
workplace).

Moreover, the employer must grant you the possibility to take small breaks to measure your
glucose, inject insulin and/or consume carbohydrates in times of need. Either way, these
breaks are generally not frequent, nor time consuming.

Up next, we will talk about 4 tips that you should consider when it comes to managing
diabetes at work:

1. Managing Hypoglycemia

The possibility of experiencing hypoglycemia while at work is the first element to consider.
Hypoglycemia can often be prevented and treated without any problem. After experiencing
hypoglycemia, it is common to feel slight headaches and other symptoms. However, these
symptoms are usually not severe enough to conflict with work.
Your coworkers can actually help in more serious cases, hence the importance of them
knowing about your condition.

A person with diabetes can generally recognize the early signs of low blood sugar or
hypoglycemia (hunger, tremors, sweating, anxiety, irritability, blurred vision, difficulty in
concentration, confusion, etc.). Consumption of carbohydrates will aid in the fading of these
symptoms. After a period of about 15 minutes, it is important to ensure youve overcome
your hypoglycemia before continuing to eat more carbohydrates; in this case, slow digesting
carbs.

2. Planning your Meals

People with diabetes have a greater need to consume carbohydrates at midmorning, do to the
fact that lower blood sugar levels are more common during those hours. Eating a snack will
help prevent hypoglycemia during this time.
Another important point to keep in mind is to avoid eating simple sugars during working
hours, while also respecting mealtimes. Try to have sugary foods like candy and cookies
nearby to control developing hypoglycemia.

3. Storing and Transporting Insulin

Avoid exposing insulin to less than 0 C or over 30 C by all means. Discard insulin
decomposed by temperature related factors (when yellowish color). It is important to know
that insulin reserves should be kept between 2 and 8 C in the refrigerator.

4. Informing your Coworkers

Although you may not want to, it is best to inform your colleagues, managers and friends at
work about your diabetes. This will allow them to better assist you in the case of a medical
emergency.

Explain to them the symptoms, treatment and everything you think may help in case of an
emergency.

However, in case you lose consciousness, they should know not to try to make you ingest any
liquids or solids; in these cases, it is especially important that a person knows how to safely
administrate you a dose of glucagon (which should be stored at room temperature below 25
C).

To conclude and so you can be at ease at work, we present to you a summary of the main
issues to consider when it comes to managing diabetes at the workplace:

Follow the diet plan set by your dietitian.


Respect meal times.
Properly store your insulin.
Inform your colleagues, managers and friends at work about your diabetes.
In case of overexertion, it is important to have the right foods. Pick your foods according to
the physical activity that you will encounter on that day.
Carry a glucagon emergency kit, if instructed by your doctor.
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