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EN 50341-3-2:2001 - 10/39 Belgium

Clause National Regulation


(Type)

4.2.2 Wind loads

4.2.2.1 Wind speeds

(A-dev) BE.1

(ncpt) As mentioned here above in Foreword 7, there are two different approaches for the
design of the overhead line components.

(A-dev) BE.2

First approach

The General Regulations of the Electrical Installations (GREI) given by the Belgian
Royal Decree of March 1981 fix as a basis the dynamic basic wind pressure qb as
given here under in Table 4.2.2.2/BE.1 for different ranges of height h above
ground. The corresponding basic wind speed Vb is determined by the formula of
4.2.2.2. of Part 1 (where index h has to be replaced by index b). The basic wind
speeds are also given in Table 4.2.2.2/BE.1 for different ranges of height h above
ground.

(ncpt) BE.3

Second approach

In the second approach the basic gust wind speed Vb (in accordance with the
Belgian Standard NBN B03-002-1 "Actions du vent sur les constructions" second
edition, December 1988, ref. [4] in 2.3/BE.2) is the basis for the standard dynamic
basic wind pressure given here under in Table 4.2.2.2/BE.2, determined by the
above mentioned formula of 4.2.2.2. of Part 1 (where index h has to be replaced by
index b).

The mean wind speed Vmean is defined in 4.2.2.1.2. of Part 1 as the average wind
speed measured over a period of 10 minutes at 10 m above ground. The extreme
wind speed considered by this NNA with a return period of 10 years (see B.2) is :

(snc) V10 = 23,35 m/s

(ncpt) The gust wind speed Vg is defined in 4.2.2.1.3. of Part 1 as the average wind
speed measured over a period of 2 s taking into account the momentary wind
turbulence. The basic gust wind speed considered by this NNA is the extreme gust
wind speed with a return period of T = 1,58 years (see B.2) at a height h above
ground. It is determined by :

h h
V b = V10 K T 0,202 ln 1 + 7/ln
0,07 0,07

where :

- KT : the return period conversion factor for T = 1,58 years : KT = 0,806

- h : the height above ground


Belgium - 11/39 EN 50341-3-2:2001

Clause National Regulation


(Type)

4.2.2.2 Dynamic wind pressure qh

(A-dev) BE.1
(+ ncpt)

The dynamic wind pressure value qh depends :

- for the tower, the insulators and fittings : on the height of the structural
component exposed to the wind;

- for the conductors : on the height of their attachments points to the insulators.

(A-dev) BE.2
(+ ncpt)

The dynamic wind pressure qh for each load case is defined as a multiple of the
dynamic basic wind pressure qb.

BE.3
Four multiples of the dynamic basic wind pressure qb are considered for the load
cases :
(A-dev) - (so-called) max. exceptional wind pressure = 2 qb
(+ ncpt)

(A-dev) - max. normal wind pressure = qb;


(+ ncpt)

(A-dev) - reduced wind pressure = qb/4;


(+ ncpt)

(ncpt) - particular wind pressure for tower reinforcements = 2qb/15 (if not otherwise
specified).

BE.4

As already explained here above in 4.2.2.1/BE.1., two different values are


considered for the dynamic basic wind pressure qb :

(A-dev) - regulated dynamic basic wind pressure (in accordance with the General
Regulations of the Electrical Installations, 2.3/BE.1) (see also 4.2.2.1/BE.2) :

Table 4.2.2.2/BE.1 - Regulated dynamic basic wind pressure

Height above ground Basic wind speed Dynamic basic


h Vb wind pressure qb
(m) (m/s) (N/m)

up to 25 35,00 750
from 25 to 50 36,16 800
from 50 to 75 37,27 850
from 75 to 100 38,36 900
EN 50341-3-2:2001 - 12/39 Belgium

Clause National Regulation


(Type)

(ncpt) - standard dynamic basic wind pressure (in accordance with the Belgian Standard
NBN B03-002-1 "Actions du vent sur les constructions" Second edition, Dec. 88,
ref. [4] in 2.3/BE.2) (see also 4.2.2.1/BE.3).

Table 4.2.2.2/BE.2 - Standard dynamic basic wind pressure

Height above ground Basic gust wind speed Dynamic basic


h Vb wind pressure qb
(m) (m/s) (N/m)

10 29,3 527
20 32,2 634
30 33,9 702
40 35,1 751
50 35;9 791
75 37,6 865
100 38,8 919

4.2.2.3 Wind force on any element of the line


(A-dev)
(+ ncpt) BE.1

The drag factors Cx have to be considered in combination with the reduction factors
determined by the General Regulations of the Electrical Installations.

The structural resonance factor Gx is included in the reduction factor. For


convenience, in this NNA, the value of the structural resonance factor coincides
with value of the reduction factor.
(A-dev)
(+ ncpt) BE.2

The gust response factor is equal to 1.: Gq = 1

4.2.2.4 Wind forces on overhead line components

4.2.2.4.1 Wind forces on conductors


(A-dev)
(+ ncpt) BE.1

The drag factors for conductors include a multiplication coefficient of 1,5 with
regard to the values found by tests.

(A-dev) BE.2 Generally, the drag factor for conductors, and earthwires is :
(+ ncpt)
Cc = 1,45

(A-dev) BE.3

(GREI - Art 155.04.e1)


Belgium - 19/39 EN 50341-3-2:2001

Clause National Regulation


(Type)

4.2.11 Partial factors for actions

Table 4.2.11/BE.1 - Partial factors


(A-dev) LOAD CASE TOWER PARTIAL FACTORS gF
(ncpt)

REGULATED STANDARD WIND


WIND (NCPT)
(A Dev)

ALL TOWERS NEW EXISTING


TOWERS TOWERS

1. EXCEPTIONAL ALL 1 1 1,0

2. NORMAL ALL 1 1,5 1,5

3. WIND AND ICE Altitude > 400 m - 1 -

4. ACCIDENTAL ALL - 1,25 1,0

SECTION TOWER 1

5. MAINTENANCE ALL - 1,5 1,25

SECTION TOWER

6. CONSTRUCTION ALL - 1,5 1,25

7. EXISTING TOWER - - 1,25


REINFORCE
MENT OR
MODIFICATION

5 Electrical requirements

5.1 Voltage classification

(A-dev) BE.1 - The General Regulations of the Electrical Installations (GREI) are given by
the Belgian Royal Decree of March 1981 which has been published in the Belgian
Statute Book of 29 April 1981; since 1981, several revisions have taken place.

(A-dev) BE.2 - Concerning electrical requirements, this legal document deals with and
specifies internal and external clearances as well as limits for electric field and
measures to be taken concerning induction in objects. Extracts of some applicable
articles (8, 139, 163, 164, 170, 171, 180 and 181) are presented.