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Name ____________________________ Period _______

STUDY PACKET: Gas Laws I

Set 1
1. According to the kinetic theory, gas particles are in constant ________________. They collide with one another and
walls of their container, but do not lose _______________________ in these collisions. The distance between gas
particles is very ____________ compared to the distance between particles in the liquid or solid state. This causes the
strength of interparticle attractions to be very _________ in many gases.

2. A gas that conforms to most assumptions of the kinetic theory is called a/an __________ gas; a gas that does not is
called a/an __________ gas.

3. Identify whether the description below describes a ideal gas or real gas.
a) Individual gas particles have a measurable volume.
b) The gas will not condense even when compressed or cooled.
c) Gas particles passing close to one another exert an attraction on each other.

4. Circle the gases you would expect to behave most like ideal gases.
Kr NH3 H2O SO2 Ne F2 HF

5. What happens to the amount of KE if the mass is doubled (at constant speed)?

6. What happens to KE if speed is doubled (constant mass)?

7. If two gases are at the same temperature, the gas with greater mass must have a _______________ (faster, slower)
velocity.

8. Explain the difference between effusion and diffusion.

9. Which will diffuse faster at the same temperature: He or O2?

10. Which will effuse faster: He at 20 C or He at 40 C?

Set 2
1. Complete the table below:

Temperature ( C) Temperature (K)


212
-42.5
120
1082

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2. Match the following terms.

3. Complete the table below.

4. Answer the following with: the same as, less than, greater than:
a) when inhaling, the pressure in your lungs is ___________ atmospheric pressure
b) when exhaling, the pressure in your lungs is ___________ atmospheric pressure
c) the pressure inside an unopened soda bottle is _______________ atmospheric pressure
d) the pressure inside a pressurized cabin of a 757 is ______________ atmospheric pressure at 10,000 meters

5. Predict whether the pressure of an enclosed gas will increase, decrease, or remain the same with the following change
in conditions.
a) the number of particles increases while volume and temperature are held constant.
b) a fixed amount of gas is cooled while volume is held constant.
c) the volume of a container holding 1 mol of nitrogen gas is reduced at constant temperature
d) a mixture of gases in a 1 L container at 2 atm expands to 2 L.
e) a container with 1 mol of nitrogen is evacuated and replaced with 1 mol of oxygen at the same temperature

6. Ice cream is anywhere from 20 to 40% air. Explain why all major ice cream producers do not ship into Colorado, but
have manufacturing plants there instead.

7. You have a balloon that contains 2 L of hydrogen gas and 1 L of oxygen gas. If all the hydrogen and oxygen combine to
produce gaseous water, the balloon will (expand, shrink, remain the same). (Assume temperature is held constant.)
hint: think about reaction stoichiometry.

8. Standard temperature is ________ and standard pressure is ________. One mole of any gas at these conditions will
have a volume of __________.

9. Calculate the volume 3.6 g of hydrogen gas will occupy at STP.

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Set 3
1. A gas sample occupies 3.25 liters at 24.5 C and 1825 mmHg. Determine the temperature at
which the gas will occupy 4250 mL at 1.50 atm. Express your answer in C.

2. A mountain climber fills three 1.00-L balloons with air at sea level and 27 C and carries each one to the top of Mt.
Everest, Mt. Denali, and Mt. Kilimanjaro. Given the data below, determine the volume of the balloon at the top of each
mountain.
Mt. Denali Mt. Everest Mt. Kilimanjaro
Altitude (m) 6194 8848 5859
Atm pressure (atm) 0.433 0.291 0.451
Temperature ( C) -25 -42 +7
Volume (L)

3. Helium gas in a balloon occupies 2.40 L at 400. K. What volume will it occupy at 300. K?

4. At the start of a cycle in the engine piston, the volume of the trapped fuel mixture is 400 cm3 at a pressure of 1.0 atm
and 27 C. After compression, the volume of the fuel mixture has decreased to 50. cm3 and it has reached at
temperature of 77 C. What is the new pressure?

5. On a cold winter morning when the temperature is -13 C, the air pressure in an automobile tire is 1.5 atm. If the
volume does not change, what will be the pressure after the tire has warmed to 13 C?

6. A sample of nitrogen gas is stored in a 500.0 mL flask at 108 kPa and 10.0 C. The gas is transferred to 750.0 mL flask at
21.0 C. What is the pressure of nitrogen in the second flask?

7. A gas has a density of 0.15 g/L at STP. What is the density when the Kelvin temperature is doubled? (assume constant
pressure)

Set 4
1. Atmospheric pressure is 749 mm Hg on a day that the partial pressures of nitrogen, oxygen, and carbon dioxide are 584
mm, 144 mm, and 15 mm, respectively. What is the partial pressure of all miscellaneous gases in the air on that day?
What is the mole fraction of carbon dioxide gas?

2. When an explosive like TNT is detonated, a mixture of gases at high temperature is created. Suppose that gas X has a
pressure of 50.0 atm, gas Y has a pressure of 20.0 atm, and gas Z has a pressure of 10.0 atm.
a) What is the total pressure in this system?
b) What is the mole fraction of gas Z?
c) Once the gas mixture cools, Ptot = 2.0 atm. What is PY at that temperature?

3. Hydrogen is collected by water displacement in a gas collecting tube. The gas volume is 25.0 mL. Levels of water inside
and outside the tube are the same. Temperature is 17 C and barometric pressure is 720.0 mm Hg. Convert the volume
to that of dry gas at STP.

4. At 18 C and 745.0 mm Hg air pressure, 12.0 mL of H2 is collected by water displacement. Convert the volume to dry gas
at STP.

5. 28 mL of nitrogen was collected by water displacement in a eudiometer. The temperature was 30 C and the barometric
pressure was 772 mm Hg. Determine the volume of nitrogen at STP.

6. When hydrogen gas is collected over water at 20 C, the levels inside and outside the gas collection bottle are the same.
The barometric pressure at the time the gas was collected was 0.92 atm. What was the partial pressure of the
hydrogen?

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