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Innovation in Learning

A A GENERAL ENGLISH

Smog
Lesson code: KVE5-UE5B-DZ58-E UPPER INTERMEDIATE

1 Warm-up
Does your country suffer from smog?

2 Key words
Match the following words with their correct definition.

1. People were not allowed to go to work during the shutdown.


2. According to the new ruling, people are not allowed to smoke in public places.
3. Try not to spend too much time outdoors. The air is full of dangerous particles.
4. He tried to obscure my view by standing in front of me.
5. I couldn't see anything because of the haze.
6. Carbon dioxide emissions will be reduced by 20% over the next 5 years.

a. an official legal decision


b. closing a factory, school, machine or operations
c. prevent someone from seeing something
d. the air when it is not very clear because of something such as heat or smoke, making it difficult to
see well
e. the amount of gas, heat, light, etc that is sent out
f. very small pieces of something

3 Find the answers


Read the newspaper article on the next page to find the information below.

1. the population of Beijing:


2. the distance people can see in the worst parts:
3. the amount of poisonous particles in the air:
4. the safe amount of poisonous particles according to the WHO (World Health Organisation):
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Smog
Innovation in Learning

A A A A GENERAL ENGLISH

Beijing smog `red alert'


Schools and businesses to completely shut down as Chinese capital issues first ever
extreme warning.

1 Beijing has issued its first ever "red alert" over the poisonous particles. The World Health
city's smog, with the Chinese capital going into Organisation (WHO) says anything over 25
shutdown in an attempt to protect people from the micrograms is considered unsafe.
deadly air.
9 The poisonous smog in Beijing is caused by the
2 It is the first time ever that the highest possible burning of coal for industry and heating, and huge
state of caution has been declared in the city, amounts of dust from the city's many
which has more than 21 million residents. construction sites. The problem is being made yet
3 The warning means schools will have to close worse by high humidity and low wind.
down and construction and other industry in the
capital will be limited. 10 Last week, Greenpeace called on Beijing to issue
a red alert, after four days of what it called
4 Smog levels are actually lower than they have "Airpocalypse".
been in recent weeks. But authorities expect an
extreme amount of pollution over the coming 11 "The city is covered in a thick, choking smog that
days, and have imposed the order to ensure has covered an area of North China the size of
safety during that time. Spain and Beijing's most famous landmarks have
been completely obscured by the yellow haze,"
5 The order will last from Tuesday morning local
wrote Zhang Kai on the group's blog.
time until midday on Thursday, when the weather
is expected to change and blow away the smog. 12 Greenpeace praised the Orange Alert that had
6 The city had already been in a state of orange alert, been declared for putting restrictions on
which meant some construction and industry was construction and industry, but said that it was
being limited. The city had also issued a ruling "clearly not enough".
that said cars with odd and even number plates
would be stopped from driving on alternate days. 13 "At this level of response, schools and
kindergartens can remain open, meaning that
7 In some parts of Beijing, people can only see children are risking their health in order to attend
around 200m. The air is also packed with class and car emissions haven't been restricted at
poisonous particles that mean that people could all," the group wrote.
become ill simply from being outside.
8 Air pollution monitors showed areas of Beijing had 14 by Andrew Griffin, adapted from
more than 256 micrograms per cubic metre of the The Independent, 07 December 2015
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Review your flashcards at least 3-5 times a week for 20 minutes to keep the material fresh in your memory.
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Smog
Innovation in Learning

A A A A GENERAL ENGLISH

4 Checking understanding
Answer the questions below according to the information in the article.

1. What new restrictions did the Chinese government impose to protect people from the deadly air?
2. Why did the authorities declare a red alert despite lower pollution levels?
3. What restrictions did the authorities impose before the red alert?
4. What is the cause of smog in Beijing?
5. Why did Greenpeace feel China's orange alert restrictions were not enough?

5 Collocations
Match the verbs on the left to the nouns on the right to form collocations from the text.

1. declare a. a red alert


2. go into b. a state of caution
3. impose c. an order
4. issue d. car emissions
5. restrict e. shutdown

For each collocation, make a sentence about the article.

6 Talking point
Discuss any of the questions below.

1. What do you think people and governments should do about smog?


2. What are the most serious environmental problems in your country?

7 Grammar in the text - Tenses


On the next page, complete each rule with one of the tenses below. Find one example for each rule
from the text and write it under the rule.

`past simple'

`present perfect simple (have/has + past participle)'


`past perfect simple (had + past participle)'
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Review your flashcards at least 3-5 times a week for 20 minutes to keep the material fresh in your memory.
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Smog
Innovation in Learning

A A A A GENERAL ENGLISH

1. We often use the when we give `new information', for example when
we report an event that happened a short time ago.
Example: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2. We use the after the expression It's the first/second/third time ...
Example: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3. We often use the to talk about a situation that began in the past and
continues up to the present or future.

Example: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4. We often use the to talk about past actions or situations that happened
before a specific time in the past.

Example: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5. We use the to talk about a completed event in the past.

Example: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Now complete the sentences below.

1. The president (announce) his resignation. Everyone is talking about it.


2. This is the third time I (have to) tell him about the problem. He just doesn't listen.
3. He's a terrible driver. He (have) five accidents in the past few months.
4. (you/mention) my problem during your meeting this morning?
5. It was my first time in Ireland. I (never/be) there before.
6. The bond between humans and dogs (exist) for thousands of years.
7. When you called me, I (just/finish) taking a bath.
8. It's the second time I (visit) Cairo. I (come) here on a business trip last
year.
9. Yesterday, I (relax) all day long. I (not/have) a day off in months.
10. (you/hear) the news? Sarah (move) to Australia!
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Review your flashcards at least 3-5 times a week for 20 minutes to keep the material fresh in your memory.
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