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QSW: Quotes, Summary, Wonderings

Stage 1 : Empathize

This form will help you shape your thoughts and research as you dig
into your chosen topic. Remember that this is more than simple
research! You are working towards gaining empathy, so select sources
that help you truly understand your topic on a deeper level.

For EACH SOURCE complete the following: First, list the article title
and copy/paste the link to the article. Then, copy/paste at least 3-5
powerful or informative quotes (depending on article length) that help
guide your understanding of your topic. Next, summarize the article
you just read in YOUR OWN WORDS (about 1-2 paragraphs depending on
article length). Finally, write down a wondering. A wondering is
something this article made you more curious about, a hole or a gap
that hasnt been answered, or a question that you have after reading
the article that will help guide you moving forward with your
research.

Nutrition Terms for Reference:


https://medlineplus.gov/definitions/nutritiondefinitions.html

Article Title: How Does Food Affect Health

Link: https://www.takingcharge.csh.umn.edu/explore-healing-
practices/food-medicine/how-does-food-impact-health

Quotes: When nutrient intake does not regularly meet the


**(3-5 Depending on nutrient needs dictated by the cell activity, the
article length)**
metabolic processes slow down or even stop."
To prevent the onset of these diseases, we need to
know how multiple nutrients in a diet interact and
affect the human body's functions.
Researchers have shown that the development of
heart disease can be triggered by multiple factors.
These factors include insulin resistance, elevated
homocysteine, oxidative stress, elevated
cholesterol, hypertension, heavy metal toxicity,
stress, and inflammation.

Summary: The article goes into detail about food and what it
**(1-2 paragraphs does for the the body and the relation that nutrition
depending on article
length)** has with diseases and their effect on the body.

Wondering: ??????

**Copy/Paste a new table for EACH SOURCE**

Article Title: Weight Loss and Nutrition Myths

Link: https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/health-
topics/weight-control/myths/Pages/weight-loss-and-
nutrition-myths.aspx

Quotes: Research suggests that safe weight loss


**(3-5 Depending on
article length)**
involves combining a reduced-calorie diet with
physical activity to lose 1/2 to 2 pounds a week
(after the first few weeks of weight loss).
When trying to lose weight, you can still eat
your favorite foods as part of a healthy eating
plan. But you must watch the total number of
calories that you eat. Reduce your portion
sizes.
Government guidelines for physical activity
recommend that adults should do activities at
least two times a week to strengthen muscles.

Summary: An article about the myths of food and nutrition, the


**(1-2 paragraphs
depending on article
falsehoods/truths about them and what what we can do
length)** to work with what we eat, how to exercise, and
regulating our intake to keep our body strong.

Wondering: Why do so many people believe these things?


How come there are so many myths about food and
nutrition?

**Copy/Paste a new table for EACH SOURCE**

Article Title: Why Are Some Obese People 'Metabolically Healthy'?

Link: http://www.livescience.com/58198-metabolically-
healthy-obesity.html

Quotes:
**(3-5 Depending on They are obese, and yet don't have any of these
article length)**
typical risk factors for heart disease or diabetes, a
new study finds.

However, people who fall into this group may still


not be totally healthy, said study researcher Gregory
Nichols... Obesity also increases the risk of other
conditions, such as cancer, joint problems and kidney
disease, he said.

Ultimately, future studies are needed to follow


metabolically healthy obese people forward in time,
to see if they remain metabolically healthy over a
long period,

Summary: This article reviews the rare occasion where an obese


**(1-2 paragraphs
depending on article
man or woman is metabolically healthy. The study is
length)** under speculation because the statement in itself
seems contradictory and though the test did find
health obese people it was not totally trustworth as
far as the test length goes. That means that since
the test was not over a longer period of time the
test results aren't set in stone as scientifically
accurate.

Wondering: How did they get the test results?


What diet is needed to be overweight and healthy?

**Copy/Paste a new table for EACH SOURCE**

Article Title: What Is A Balanced Diet?

Link: http://www.healthline.com/health/balanced-
diet#overview1

Quotes: A balanced diet is important because your organs and


**(3-5 Depending on
article length)**
tissues need proper nutrition to work effectively.
Balanced diet gets nutrients from:
fresh fruits
fresh vegetables
whole grains
legumes
nuts
lean proteins

The number of calories in a food is a measurement of


the amount of energy stored in that food. The average
person needs to eat about 2,000 calories every day to
maintain their weight.

Summary: A balanced diet comes from multiple sources of


**(1-2 paragraphs
depending on article
unprocessed food. The amount of caloric intake should
length)** vary from person to person depending on age, gender
and activeness. Calories are what fuel people but it
needs to have nutritional value. People should avoid
empty calories such as, fatty meats and simple
sugars because while they have calories, they dont
help your body.

Wondering: I wonder how many people know what types of foods are
empty calories.
I wonder how this information is being distributed
throughout the country
**Copy/Paste a new table for EACH SOURCE**

Article Title: The American Diet Is Killing Us

Link: https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2015/02/1
9/nations-top-nutrition-panel-the-american-diet-is-
killing-us/?utm_term=.3d0898b2cbb3

Quotes: America, please eat more fruits and vegetables.


**(3-5 Depending on A healthy diet is rich in vegetables, fruits,
article length)**
whole grains, low- or non-fat dairy, seafood,
legumes, and nuts.
And it is lower in red and processed meat, and
low in sugar-sweetened foods and drinks and
refined grains.
American diet is having devastating effects:
about two-thirds of American adults are
overweight or obese.
For the first time, the committee is
recommending that the government should consider
the environment when telling Americans what they
should eat, a move that could have a significant
impact on the amount of meat people eat.
"In the past, we haven't been able to change the
way people are eating very much,"
And with regard to potentially dangerous items,
the group found "moderate to strong evidence"
that higher consumption of red and processed
meats, refined grains and sugar-sweetened foods
and beverages are detrimental.
about 117 million people - have preventable
chronic diseases related to poor diet and
physical inactivity, the group said.

Summary: Again, this article emphasizes the necessity of plant


**(1-2 paragraphs
depending on article
based diets, low in red meats. This article also
length)** stated that efforts to change peoples eating habits
have been unsuccessful. It also mentioned the mass
amounts of preventable diseases people have solely
based on their diet.

Wondering: I wonder how organic foods play into the health of


americans.
I wonder how many people know that sugary drinks
advertised as healthy are actually really bad for
you.
**Copy/Paste a new table for EACH SOURCE**

Article Title:

Effects of High-Fructose Diets on Central Appetite


Signaling and Cognitive Function

Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4429636/
Quotes: Initially, fructose was proposed to be a safe sugar
**(3-5 Depending on
article length)**
for diabetic patients because fructose metabolism was
considered to be independent of insulin secretion,
and therefore, fructose intake would only induce a
limited rise in glucose levels.

Apart from insulin, a 2-week period of high-fructose


consumption did also modulate other appetite-
regulating peptides such as the appetite-inducing
hormone ghrelin and the appetite-inhibiting hormone
leptin.

Apart from its effects on learning and memory,


fructose can also affect neurogenesis as shown in the
hippocampus as well as in the nucleus tractus
solitarius.

Summary: This article talks about the effects of corn syrup on


**(1-2 paragraphs
depending on article
the appetite and cognitive function of those who
length)** administer it. This government published scientific
article reveals that corn syrup can affect your
hippocampuses function for emotion and cause less
release of dopamine and also cause minor short term
memory loss in extreme cases of over consumption. It
also shows that dieting patterns and appetite can be
disrupted making you more and more hungry the more
you consume.

Wondering: Is this a marketing tactic for big fast food


restaurants to make you want more of these foods?

Are the damaging effects reversible if you start


dieting away from corn syrup?
**Copy/Paste a new table for EACH SOURCE**

ADDITIONAL Research:
1) Compare ourselves to Healthier nations? What are they doing
right? (Hailey)
2) Look up how other industries get regulated to understand how
perhaps food industries can replicate that. Big companies of
that.
3) What is required to be healthy and how is this information
being disseminated to the masses? How is the Gov involved? Who is
prone to be?
Article Title: 10 Healthiest Countries
Link: http://www.healthfitnessrevolution.com/10-healthiest-
countries-in-the-world/

Quotes: Because most of the population of Monaco is


**(3-5 Depending on
article length)**
very wealthy, they typically have their own
chef to plan healthy meals for them. On top of
this, because most are retired they have
reduced levels of stress.
Put simply, the Japanese eat very well- they
eat fish versus red meat, eat less dairy,
butter, and milk, eat seaweed that is high in
iodine, drink a lot of green tea, eat plenty of
vegetables, and consume small portions.
Singapore has a fine system of keeping the
environment healthy and clean.
The Spanish food stable is small portions of a
varieties of foods called Tapas- which means
that portion control is a way of life.
The Greek live on a balanced Mediterranean diet
of olive oil and fish.
Summary: The main reason why all of these countries are
**(1-2 paragraphs healthy is because of their diets and activeness.
depending on article
length)** Whether it is because of what they have available,
their wealth, or their ancient tradition these
countries have excellent living conditions for their
people.
Wondering: How did the U.S. fall so far behind.

4)
5)