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Contents
Page No 4 4 5 6 7 8 9/10 11/12 13/14 15/16 17/18 19/20 21/22 23/24 25/26 27/28 29/30 31/32 33/34 35/36 37/38 39/40 41/42 43/44 45/46 47/48 49/50 51/52 53/54 55/56 57/58 59/60 61/62 63/64 Page Contents Contents Introduction Product Guide Application Guide Why Choose the Topline System Goal Post/Pitch sizes 200m Running Tracks 300m Running Tracks 400m Running Tracks American Football Archery Badminton Basketball Cricket Discus/Hammer Field Handball Five-a-side Football Gaelic Football Hockey Javelin Men’s Lacrosse Women’s Lacrosse Mini Soccer Netball Rounders Rugby Union Rugby League Shot Put Softball Tennis Volleyball Weights & Measures Croquet

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Introduction
Welcome to the revised quick reference pocket guide to line marking. This booklet has been produced as a complimentary guide to mark out various playing fields, with reference to relevant authorities wherever possible.

However, even though we have used our best endeavours to ensure accuracy, we present this booklet as a guide only and state that readers must check accuracy themselves where it is important that playing fields are marked out to the latest specifications as specified by the governing bodies of each sport/activity. These specifications do change from time to time and may well have changed since this booklet was produced. Page copies may also be printed from our website under:

www.vitax.co.uk/downloads.asp
Accordingly Vitax Limited accepts no responsibility for the accuracy of the information provided.

Pythagoras' Theorem (3:4:5): With the zero end of the tape at P, take the 36m mark on the tape to A which lies on the marking line. Take the 9m mark on the tape in the hand and, ensuring that the tape is securely held at A and P, pull both parts of the tape taut to Q. APQ = 90°.

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Product Guide
Topline SupaStadia Extra • • • Topline SupaStadia AF • • • Topline SupaStadia • • • Topline Stadia • • • • •

Highest performance marking liquid Ideal for use in stadiums with floodlights Premier marking liquid High performance marking liquid Ideal for high profile facilities Outstanding results Free-flowing formula Outstanding performance Suitable for multi surface types Classic, pioneering marking liquid Benchmark product Cost effective performance Outstanding weekly marking product Cost effective performance Ideal for municipal owned pitches Economically priced marking product Easy to mix Ideal for mixing with powder

Topline Sport

Topline U-Mark

• • •

Topline Briteline • • • Topline Colours • • •

Transfer wheel marker use only Cost effective High whiteness achieved Variety of colour options Creates logo/advertising on grass Green can be used for over-painting white lines

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Application Guide
Dilution Rates Initial/Overmark Neat up to 1-14 1-3 up to 1-20 Neat up to 1-7 1-4 up to 1-10 Neat up to 1 in 6 1-4 up to 1-8 Neat up to 1 in 5 1-4 up to 1-7 Neat up to 1 in 4 1-3 up to 1-6 Neat up to 1 in 2 1-1 up to 1-3 Neat up to 1-3 N/A Neat up to 1 in 4 1-3 up to 1-6 One Can covers 100m of 50mm line at 2.25mph One Can covers 100m of 50mm line at 2.25mph

Vitax Product Topline SupaStadia Extra Topline SupaStadia AF Topline SupaStadia Topline Stadia Topline Sport Topline U-Mark Topline Briteline Topline Stadia Colour (All colours) Supamark Standard
(All colours)

Method of Application Transfer Wheel Spray Marker Transfer Wheel Spray Marker Transfer Wheel Spray Marker Transfer Wheel Spray Marker Transfer Wheel Spray Marker Transfer Wheel Spray Marker Transfer Wheel Spray Marker Transfer Wheel Spray Marker Hand Application Supamark Wheel Applicator Hand Application Supamark Wheel Applicator

Supamark Extra
(All colours)

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Why Choose the Topline System from Vitax
All Topline Machines and concentrated marking liquids have been designed to produce the best balance of economy and quality in line marking. Economy is achieved by a combination of:• • • • Marking Pressure Nozzle Output Walking Speed Mix Ratio

The table below shows how many litres of concentrate marking liquid will be needed to mark a football pitch after taking account of walking speed, mix ratio and pitch size.

Walking Speeds Slow walk is 1.5mph, Medium walk is 2mph Fast walk is 2.5mph.

Football Pitch Size Small pitch 585metres Medium pitch 665metres Large pitch 745 metres

Concentrate Required at Different Dilution Rates Small Pitch Slow Speed Medium Speed Fast Speed Medium Pitch Slow Speed Medium Speed Fast Speed Large Pitch Slow Speed Medium Speed Fast Speed 1:4 2.3L 1.8L 1.4L 1:4 2.7L 2.0L 1.6L 1:4 3.0L 2.2L 1.8L 1:5 2.0L 1.5L 1.2L 1:5 2.2L 1.7L 1.3L 1:5 2.5L 1.9L 1.5L 1:6 1.7L 1.3L 1.0L 1:6 1.9L 1.4L 1.1L 1:6 2.1L 1.6L 1.3L 1:7 1.5L 1.1L 0.9L 1:7 1.7L 1.2L 1.0L 1:7 1.9L 1.4L 1.1L 1:8 1.3L 1.0L 0.8L 1:8 1.5L 1.1L 0.9L 1:8 1.7L 1.2L 1.0L 1:9 1.2L 0.9L 0.7L 1:9 1.3L 1.0L 0.8L 1:9 1.5L 1.1L 0.9L

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Football Goal Post and Pitch Sizes For 11-a- side
Suggested Age Groups Under 11/12 Under 13/14 Under 15/16 Under 17/18 Senior International Goal Size Feet (HxW) 7’ x 21’ 7’ x 21’ 8’ x 24’ 8’ x 24’ 8’ x 24’ 8’ x 24’ Pitch size Min (LxW) 68.25 x 42m 72.8 x 45.5m 82.3 x 45.5m 90 x 45.5m 90 x 45.5m 100 x 64m Pitch size Max (LxW) 82 x 50.77m 91 x 56m 100.6 x 64m 120 x 90m 120 x 90m 110 x 75m

Mini Soccer
Goal Post
3.6m (12ft) wide and 1.83m (6ft) High

Pitch Sizes
Suggested Age Groups Under 7 Under 8 Under 9 Under 10 Recommended Players per Team 5v5 & 6v6 5v5 & 6v6 6v6 & 7v7 7v7 & 8v8 Pitch size Min (LxW) 27.5 x 18.3m 27.5 x 18.3m 45 x 27.5m 45 x 27.5m Pitch size Max (LxW) 36.6 x 27.5m 36.6 x 27.5m 55 x 36.6m 55 x 36.6m

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200m Running Track

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200m Running Track
200m (218.72 yds) Track Length:Based on parallels of 25.01m (27.35yds) and a radius of 23.87 (26.1yds), marking the two turns. The measurement is taken 30cm (11.81in) from the inner edge for Lane 1 if there is a raised border or 20cm (7.87in) if there is no border. All other lane distances are measured 20cm (7.87in) from white line. Lane Widths All lanes are 1.22m (1.33yds) wide and no more than 1.25m (1.37yds). When the inner edge is a chalk line: Lane 1 measures 1.12m (1.22yds). The measurement being taken from the outside edge of one marking line to the outside edge of the next line, going outwards from the track side of the inner kerb. All semicircular curves will be equal. Staggers Lanes 2-8 measurements are taken along a 20cm (8in) line from inside edge of each lane. Line: All lines are 5cm (2in) wide and White in colour.

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300m Running Track

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300m Running Track
Track Length This is based on parallels of 40.04m (43.79yds) and a radius of 35m (38.28yds), marking the two turns. The measurement is taken 30cm (11.81in) from the inner edge for Lane 1 if there is a raised border or 20cm (7.87in) if there is no border. All other lane distances are measured 20cm (7.87in) from white line. Lane Widths All lanes are 1.22m (1.33yds) wide and no more than 1.25m (1.37yds). When the inner edge is a chalk line: Lane 1 measures 1.12m (1.22yds). The measurement being taken from the outside edge of one marking line to the outside edge of the next line, going outwards from the track side of the inner kerb. All semicircular curves will be equal. This diagram shows starts for 200, 300 and 400 metres and take over distance points for 4 x 100m relay. Staggers Lanes 2-8 measurements are taken along a 20cm (7.87in) line from inside edge of each lane. Line: All lines are 5cm (2in) wide and White in colour.

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400m Running Track

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400m Running Track
Track Length This is based on parallels of 84.39m (92.29yds) and a radius of 36.5m (39.92yds) marking the two end turns. The measurement is taken from 30cm (11.8in) from the inner edge for lane 1 if there is a raised border or 20cm (7.87in) if there is no border. All other lane distances are measured 20cm (7.87in) from the white line. Lane Widths All lanes are 1.22m (1.33yds) wide and no more than 1.25m (1.37yds). When the inner edge is a chalk line: Lane 1 measures 1.12m (1.22yds). The measurement being taken from the outside edge of one marking line to the outside edge of the next line, going outwards from the track side of the inner kerb. All semicircular curves will be equal. Staggers Lanes 2-8 measurements are taken along a 20cm (7.87in) line from inside edge of each lane. On the diagram, the staggers for 100m (109.36yds) and 300m (328.08yds) apply only when the straights are 84.39m (92.29yds) and must be adjusted for tracks of other proportions. Line: All lines are 5cm (2in) wide and White in colour.

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American Football

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American Football
Pitch Dimensions: - 110m (120yds) long by 48.8m (53.33yds) wide. Goal Lines: - 9.1m (10yds) from the end lines on both sides of the field, leaving the 91.4m (100yds) dimension at the centre. The goal lines mark off the entrances to the end zones and may be of contrasting colours. Yard Lines: - Marked at 4.6m (5yds) intervals, parallel to the end zones. Sideline Hashmarks: - Marked with 61cm (2ft) lines 15cm (6in) inside the sidelines. 91cm (1yd) apart. Infield Hashmarks: - Marked 70ft 9in (20.96m) from the sidelines, the lines are marked 2ft (60cm) long. These lines align with the upright edges of the goalposts, are marked 1yd (0.9144m) apart and are mandatory. A 2ft (60cm) hash mark is marked over every yard line parallel to the sidelines. Conversion Spot (Line): - Marked at the 3yd line, directly in the middle of the field 2ft (61cm) long with equal measurement s on either side. Field Yard Line Numbers: - Marked 9yds (8.23m) from the sidelines and 1ft (0.3m) from yard lines and measure 6ft (1.83m) high by 4ft (1.22m) wide. Directional Arrows: - Are permitted next to the field numbers (except 50) and are to point in the direction of the opponent’s goal line. The base of the arrow is 4in (10cm) from the top of the number and the head of the arrow is a triangle with an 18in (46cm) base and two sides 36in (91cm) long. Coaching Area: - 6ft (1.83m) from the sideline between the 25yd or 30yd lines extends 24ft (7.32). A solid white area or diagonal white lines are recommended or it can be marked distinctly for use of coaches. Limit Lines: - 6ft (1.83m) from the sidelines and end lines. These lines are marked 6ft (1.83m) long and may be yellow. Goalposts: - Consist of two 20ft vertical poles 4in wide. They are placed 18ft 6in apart (inside to inside) on a horizontal crossbar that is 10ft above the ground. Colour: - Most of the lines are white (exceptions explained above). Logos and other decorative markings are allowed within the end zones, not closer than 4yds (1.22m) to any line. Contrasting colouring in the end zones may abut any line. Decorative material is permissible within the sidelines and between goal lines, but shall not efface yard lines, goal lines or side lines. Line Width: - 4in (10cm) in width. The only exception are the side lines and end lines which may exceed 4in 10cm in width.

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Archery

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Archery
The width of shooting lane is taken between the centres of the dividing line. Dimensions between the shooting line and the target line is measured from the edge of the shooting line furthest from the target to point on the ground 1.3m below the gold area of the target. A tolerance of ±300mm is permitted for targets at 90m, 70m and 60m and a tolerance of ±150mm is permitted for targets at 50m and 30m. The clear lane between the men’s and the women’s portion of the range shall be a minimum of 10m. Lines shall be 25mm (1in) and white in colour.

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Badminton

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Badminton
The court is rectangular and divided into halves by a net. Courts are almost always marked for both singles and doubles play, although the laws permit a court to be marked for singles only. The doubles court is wider than the singles court, but the doubles service court is shorter than the singles service court. The full width of the court is 6.1 metres, and in singles this width is reduced to 5.18 metres. The full length of the court is 13.4 metres. The service courts are marked by a centre line dividing the width of the court, by a short service line at a distance of 1.98 metres from the net, and by the outer side and back boundaries. In doubles, the service court is also marked by a long service line, which is 0.78 metres from the back boundary. The net is 1.55 metres (5 ft 1 inch) high at the edges and 1.524 metres (5 ft) high in the centre. The net posts are placed over the doubles side lines, even when singles is played. Surprisingly, there is no mention in the Laws of a minimum height for the ceiling above the court. Nonetheless, a badminton court will not be suitable if the ceiling is likely to be hit on a high serve. Lines: - All lines are 7.5cm (3in) wide, typically white but other colours may be used.

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Basketball

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Badminton
The court is rectangular and divided into halves by a net. Courts are almost always marked for both singles and doubles play, although the laws permit a court to be marked for singles only. The doubles court is wider than the singles court, but the doubles service court is shorter than the singles service court. The full width of the court is 6.1 metres, and in singles this width is reduced to 5.18 metres. The full length of the court is 13.4 metres. The service courts are marked by a centre line dividing the width of the court, by a short service line at a distance of 1.98 metres from the net, and by the outer side and back boundaries. In doubles, the service court is also marked by a long service line, which is 0.78 metres from the back boundary. The net is 1.55 metres (5 ft 1 inch) high at the edges and 1.524 metres (5 ft) high in the centre. The net posts are placed over the doubles side lines, even when singles is played. Surprisingly, there is no mention in the Laws of a minimum height for the ceiling above the court. Nonetheless, a badminton court will not be suitable if the ceiling is likely to be hit on a high serve. Lines: - All lines are 7.5cm (3in) wide, typically white but other colours may be used.

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Basketball

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Basketball
Court Measurement: - 28m long by 15m wide (30.62yds by 16.4yds) maximum, to 22m long by 13m wide (24.06yds by 14.22yds) minimum. Halfway Line: - Parallel to the end lines and extending 15cm (5.9in) beyond the sidelines intersecting them at their midpoint. Centre Circle: - Radius of 1.8m (1.97yds) from the centre of the court. Free Throw Lines: - 3.6m (3.94yds) long each drawn parallel to the end lines and 5.80m (6.34yds) from the inside edge of the end line. Restraining Circle: - Radius 1.8m (1.97yds) and should be continued by a broken line in the restricted area. Restricted Area: - Marked by joining the ends of each free throw line to the end line, so that they intersect the end line 3m (3.28yds) from the centre of the end line, the width of the restricted area is 6m (6.56yds) at the end line. Restricted Area: - Three short lines 10cm (3.94in) in length and 5cm (1.97in) in width and one block 10cm in length and 40cm in width, are marked on each side of the restricted area creating three spaces extending at right angles. The lines and block are marked from the end line: first mark 1.75m (1.91yds), second mark (block) 0.9m (0.98yds) is marked on both ends of the field with the centre of the arc being on the floor directly perpendicular to the centre of the basket (ie. 1.57m (1.72yds) from the centre of the inside edge of the end line). The ends of the semi-circle are continued parallel to the side lines and terminate at the end line. Backboards: - 2m (2.19yds) wide by 1m (1.09yds) high, each backboard should be mounted 2.7m (2.95yds) above the court with the basket measuring 45cm (18in) in diameter. The boards should overhang the playing court by 1.2m. Line: - All lines are 5cm (2in) wide and white.

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Cricket

45.72m

45.72m
Boundary

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Cricket
Pitch Area: - The wicket is 1.52m (1.64yds) in width on either side of a line joining the centre of the middle stumps of the wicket, 20.12m (22yds). The Boundary can be any size but must be a minimum of 45.72m (50yds) from middle stumps and each end of the wicket. Synthetic Pitch Area: - Minimum of 17.68m (19.33yds) and 1.83m (2yds) in width. Bowling Crease: - The bowling crease is marked inline with the stumps at each end, this will be 2.64m (2.89yds) in length with the stumps in the centre. Popping Crease (Box):- This runs parallel to and is in front of the bowling crease. The back edge of the crease is 1.22m (1.33yds) from the centre stumps. It extends to a minimum of 1.83m (2yds) on either side of the line of the wicket and is considered to be unlimited in length. Return Crease: - The inside edge is the crease. It measures 1.22m (1.33yds) minimum behind the wicket and is at right angles with both ends of the bowling crease. A forward extension is marked to meet the popping crease. It also is considered to be unlimited in length. Wicket: - the wickets are 20.12m (22yds) apart. Each wicket is 711mm (28in) high, 228.6mm (9in) wide and comprises of three wooden stumps. Two wooden bails are placed on top of the stumps and are not more than 13mm (½in) above them and are 111mm (4.33in) in length. Junior Cricket: In junior cricket, the same definitions of the wickets shall apply subject to the following measurements being used. Width: 8 in/20.32cm Pitched for under 13:21 yards/19.20m Pitched for under 11:20 yards/18.29m Pitched for under 9:18 yards/16.46m Height above playing surface: 27 in/68.58cm Lines: - All lines are white, and 2.5cm (1in) wide.

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Discus & Hammer

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Discus & Hammer
Throwing Circle The rim of the circles shall be made of band iron, steel or other suitable material, the top of which shall be flush with the ground outside. The ground may be concrete, synthetic, asphalt, wood or any other suitable material surrounding the circle. The interior of the circle may be constructed of concrete, asphalt or some other firm but not slippery material. The surface of this interior shall be level and 1.4 - 2.6cm lower than the upper edge of the rim of the circle. In the Shot Put, a portable circle meeting these specifications is permissible. The inside diameter of the circle shall be 2.135m (±5mm) in the Shot Put and the Hammer Throw and 2.50m (±5mm) in the Discus Throw. The rim of the circle shall be at least 6mm thick and shall be white. The hammer may be thrown from the discus circle provided the diameter of this circle is reduced from 2.50m to 2.135m by placing a circular ring inside. Landing Sector 1. The landing sector shall consist of some suitable material on which the shot will make an imprint, but which will minimise any bounce. 2. The landing sector shall be surrounded at the far end and on the two sides, as close to the circle as may be necessary for safety of the other athletes and officials, by a stop barrier which should stop a shot whether in flight or bouncing from the landing surface. 3. In view of the limited space inside an indoor arena, the area enclosed by the stop barrier may not be large enough to include a full 34.92° sector. The following conditions shall apply to any such restriction. (a) The stop barrier at the far end shall be at least 50cm beyond the current world Shot Put record for men or women. (b) The sector lines on either side shall be symmetrical about the centre line of the 34.92° sector. (c) The sector lines may either run radially from the centre of the Shot Put circle including a full 34.92° sector, or may be parallel to each other and the centre line of the 34.92° sector. Where the sector lines are parallel, the minimum separation of the two sector lines shall be 9m.

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Field Hand Ball

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Field Hand Ball
Playing Court: - The playing court is a 40 metre long and 20 metre wide rectangle, consisting of two goal areas (see 1:4 and 6) and a playing area. The longer boundary lines are called side lines, and the shorter ones are called goal lines (between the goalposts) or outer goal lines (on either side of the goal). There should be a safety zone surrounding the playing court, with a width of at least 1 metre along the side lines and 2 metres behind the goal lines. The characteristics of the playing court must not be altered during the game in such a way that one team gains an advantage. Goal: - A goal is placed in the centre of each outer goal line. The goals must be firmly attached to the floor or to the walls behind them. They have an interior height of 2 metres and a width of 3 metres. The goalposts are joined by a horizontal crossbar. The rear side of the goalposts shall be in line with the rear edge of the goal line. The goalposts and the crossbar must have an 8cm square cross section. On the three sides which are visible from the court they must be painted in bands of two contrasting colours, which also contrast clearly with the background. The goals must have a net, that should be attached in such a way that a ball thrown into the goal normally remains in the goal. Lines: - All lines on the court are fully part of the area that they enclose. The goal lines shall be 8cm wide between the goalposts, whereas all other lines shall be 5cm wide. Lines between two adjacent areas may be replaced with a difference in colours between the adjacent areas of the floor. Goal Area: - In front of each goal there is a goal area. The goal area is defined by the goal-area line (6-metre line), which is drawn as follows : a) a 3 metre long line directly in front of the goal ; this line is parallel to the goal line and 6 metres away from it (measured from the rear edge of the goal line to the front edge of the goal-area line) ; b) two quarter circles, each with a radius of 6 metres (measured from the rear inner corner of the goalposts), connecting the 3 metre long line with the outer goal line. The goalkeeper’s restraining line (the 4-metre line) is a 15cm long line, directly in front of the goal. It is parallel to the goal line and 4 metres away from it (measured from the rear edge of the goal line to the front edge of the 4-metre line). Fee Throw Line: - The free throw line (9-metre line) is a broken line, drawn 3 metres outside the goal-area line. Both the segments of the line and the spaces between them measure 15cm. 7-meter line: - The 7-metre line is a 1 meter long line, directly in front of the goal. It is parallel to the goal line and 7 metres away from it (measured from the rear edge of the goal line to the front edge of the 7-metre line). Centre Line: - The centre line connects the midpoints of the two side lines. Substitution Line: - The substitution line (a segment of the side line) for each team extends from the centre line to a point at a distance of 4.5 metres from the centre line. This end point of the substitution line is enhanced by a line which is parallel to the centre line, extending 15cm inside the sideline and 15cm outside the sideline.

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Five-a-side
Min 16.76m / Max 35m Radius 7.5m (8.2yds)

R= 3m

Min 25.9m Max 50m


Penalty Spot 6m (6.56yds)

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Five-a-side Football
Pitch Dimensions: This varies from 25.9m to 50m (28.32yds to 54.68yds) long and 16.76m to 35m (18.32yds x 38.27yds) wide. Centre Circle: This is Radius 3m (3.28yds) from the centre of the pitch. Goal Keepers Area: This is a 7.5m (8.2yds) semicircle from the centre of the goal line. Penalty Spot: This is 6m (6.56yds) from the midpoint of the goal line. Size is 10cm (4in) in diameter. Goal Posts: These are 1.22m (1.33yds) high and 4.88m (5.34yds) in width. Lines: All lines are not more than 5cm (2in) wide and lines are normally white, but other colours are allowed.

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Football

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Football
Pitch Dimensions: This varies from 90m to120m (100yds to 130yds) long and 45m to 90m (50yds x 100yds) wide.

For age groups/ pitch and goal sizes see chart on page 7
Half Way Line: Centre of the length of field of play. Centre Circle: This is a Radius 9.15m (10yds) from the centre of the half way line. Penalty Area (Box):This is at each end of the field of play in the centre of the goal line and in the centre of the goal posts 40.32m (44yds) wide and 16.5m (18yds) deep into the field of play. Penalty Spot: This is 11m (12yds) from the centre of the goal on the goal line. Size is 22cm (9in) in diameter. Penalty Area Arcs (D):This has a radius of 9.15m (10yds) from the centre of the penalty spot from the edge of the penalty area. Goal Area: This is at each end of the field of play in the centre of the goal line 18.32m (20yds) wide at the centre on the goal line and 5.5m (6yds) deep. Corner Arcs: These have a Radius of 1m (1yd) from corner. Goal Posts: See page 7 Lines: All lines are not more than 12cm (5in) wide and lines are normally white, but other colours are allowed.

Football Goal Posts and Pitch Sizes

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Gaelic Football & Hurling

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Gaelic Football & Hurling
Pitch Dimensions: - The field of play shall be rectangular, and its dimensions shall be as follows: Length - 130m minimum and 145m maximum. Width - 80m minimum and 90m maximum. Exception The dimensions may be reduced by local Bye-Laws for Under 15 or younger grades. Parallel Lines: - these are at distances of 13m, 20m, 45m (Football), and 65m (Hurling) from each end line, lines shall be marked across the field parallel to the end line. The intersections of these lines and of the end lines with the sidelines shall be marked by flags. The midline of the field shall be marked parallel to the end lines, and shall have a minimum length of 10m. Boundary lines are part of the field of play. The Scoring Space: - This shall be at the centre of each end line. Each shall be formed by two goalposts, circular in cross section, which shall 5 have a height of not less than 7m above ground level, and be 6.5m apart. The inside edge of the end line shall be at a tangent to the front edge of the base of the goalposts. (See diagram). Crossbar: - A Crossbar shall be fixed to the goalposts at a uniform height of 2.5m above the ground. The crossbar shall have a rectangular or circular cross section. When rectangular, it shall have a depth of 140mm + 10mm and a width not less than 50mm. When circular, it shall have a uniform diameter of 125mm + 5mm. Exception The dimensions of the Scoring Space may be reduced by local Bye-Laws for Under 15 or younger grades. TWO RECTANGLES of the following dimensions shall be formed in front of each scoring space. (a) One rectangle, 14m by 4.5m, shall be formed by two lines 4.5m long and at right angles to the end line being marked 3.75m from the inside of each goalpost, and the ends of these lines being joined. (b) A second rectangle, 19m by 13m, shall be formed by two lines 13m long at right angles to the end line being marked 6.25m from the inside of each goalpost, and the ends of these lines being joined. (c) The end line, including the goal-line, is part of each rectangle; the other three lines enclose the area of that rectangle. A semi-circular arc of 13m radius, centred on the midpoint of the 20m line, shall be marked outside of each 20m line. Substitution Zone: - . An area of the side line, extending 5m. on either side of the centre line, shall be marked as the Substitution Zone, and all the players coming off/going on to the field of play in acts of substitution/temporary substitution shall go through this point, when given permission by the Referee. Flags: - All flags used on boundary lines shall have smooth rounded tops. Lines: -All lines on the field of play will be 90 mm + 13mm wide. All lines shall be marked in white.

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Hockey

38

Hockey
Pitch Dimensions: - The field of play does not exceed 91.44m (100yds) in length and 54.86m (60yds) in width and rectangular in shape. Pitch Quarters: - 22.86m (25yd) zones running parallel to the back lines. The centre line is 45.72m (50yds) from each back line. The other two lines being 25 yard lines from the outer edges of each back line. Semi-Circle: - 14.63m (16yds) from the goal known as the shooting circle (or D or arc), with a dotted line 4.57m (5yds) from the semi-circle.These lines measure 30cm (12in) long. Penalty Corner Hits: - Marked on both sides of the goal at 5m (5.47yds) and 10m (10.95yds). This measurement is taken from the outer edge of the closer goal post to the further edge of the line. All these marks are marked outside the field of play, on the back lines and are 30cm (12in) in length. Two 150mm (6in) lines are marked outside the field of play on each back line, parallel with the side lines, 1.83 (2yds) from the centre of the back line. Penalty Spot or Stroke Mark: - From each end-line and in the centre of the field. A spot, called the penalty spot or stroke mark, is placed 6.4m (7yds) from the centre of the goal posts and should be 15cm (6in) in diameter. Goals: - At each end there is a goal 7 feet (2.14 m) high and 12 feet (3.66 m) wide, which is placed in the centre of the back line. Lines: - All lines are 7.5cm (3in) wide, typically white but may be yellow on synthetic pitches.

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Javelin

40

Javelin
Javelin Runway In the Javelin Throw the minimum length of the runway shall be 30m and the maximum 36.5m. Where conditions permit, the 151 RULE 187 minimum length shall be 33.5m. It shall be marked by two parallel white lines 5cm wide and 4m apart. The throw shall be made from behind an arc of a circle drawn with a radius of 8m. The arc shall consist of a strip painted or made of wood 7cm wide. It shall be white and be flush with the ground. Lines shall be drawn from the extremities of the arc at right angles to the parallel lines marking the runway. These lines shall be white, 75cm long and 7cm wide. The maximum lateral inclination of the runway shall be 1:100 and the overall inclination in the running direction 1:1000.
Note: It is a failure if an athlete begins his runs more than 36.5 metres from the inner edge of the arc.

Landing sector The landing sector shall consist of cinders or grass or other suitable material on which the implement makes an imprint. The maximum overall downward inclination of the landing sector, in the throwing direction, shall not exceed 1:1000. Except for the Javelin Throw, the landing sector shall be marked with white lines 5cm wide at an angle of 34.92 such that the inner edge of lines, if extended, would pass through the centre of the circle. Note: The 34.92° sector may be laid out accurately by making the distance between the two points on the sector lines 20m from the centre of the circle 12m (20x0.60) apart. Thus for every 1m from the centre of the circle, the distance across shall be increased by 60 cm. In the Javelin Throw, the landing sector shall be marked with white lines 5cm (2in) wide such that the inner edge of the lines, if extended, would pass through the two intersections of the inner edges of the arc, and the parallel lines marking the runway and intersect at the centre of the circle of which the arc is part. The sector is thus about 29°.

41

Lacrosse Men’s

42

Lacrosse Men’s
Playing Field: - The playing field shall be rectangular, 110 yards long and 60 yards wide. Goal Creases: - Around each goal shall be a plainly marked circle known as the goal crease. The area within the crease line shall not be painted. This circle shall be marked by using the midpoint of the goal line as the centre and drawing a circle with a radius of 9 feet around that point. The goal crease area is the circular surface about each goal within and including the goal-crease line itself. Defensive and Attack Areas: - At each end of the field, a line 40 yards long shall be marked, centred on goal and parallel to and 20 yards from the goal line. Lines shall be drawn at right angles to the terminal points of these lines to connect them with the end lines. The areas within these lines at each end of the field shall be designated as the defensive area and the attack area, respectively. Note: The lines running parallel to the sideline must be solid and they may or may not be a contrasting colour. Defensive-Area Lines: - Lines parallel to the end line shall be marked on each side of the field 20 yards from the goal line and shall extend from sideline to sideline. The defensive-area line shall coincide with the 40-yard portion of the attack-area line. Wing Areas: Lines parallel to the sidelines shall be marked on each side of the field 20 yards from the centre of the field and extending 10 yards on each side of the centre line. The areas between these line segments and the sidelines and confined within the extremities of those line segments shall be designated as wing areas. Centre of the Field: - A point on the centre line, equidistant from each side, shall be marked with a 4-inch by 4-inch square that is a contrasting colour and shall be designated as the centre. Table Area, Team Benches: - Where physically possible, the scorer’s table should be placed at least 6 yards from the sideline at the centre line. It is recommended that this table be elevated. Two lines shall be drawn on either side of the centre line 5 yards from the centre line and extending past the scorer’s table. Benches for the competing teams shall be placed on either side of the scorer’s table at least 10 yards from the table and, where physically possible, at least 10 yards from the sideline, parallel to the sideline. Lines: - All lines shall be not less than 2 inches wide or more than 4 inches wide. The goal line shall be 2 inches wide. The centre line shall be 4 inches wide.

43

Lacrosse Women’s

44

Lacrosse Women’s
Playing Field: - The playing area shall be rectangular and marked with a solid lined boundary. The field should be between 101m and 128m (110 to 140 yds.) from end line to end line; and between 55m and 64m (60 to 70 yds.) from sideline to sideline. Goals: - The goals shall be placed no more than 92m (100 yds) and no less than 82m (90 yds) apart, measured from goal line to goal line. There must be a minimum of 9m (10 yds) and a maximum of 18m (20 yds) of space behind each goal line, extending to the end line and running the width of the field. There must be 4m of space between the sideline boundary and the scorer’s table. There should be at least 4m of space between the other sideline and any spectator area. There should be 2m of space beyond each end line. Where these field dimension requirements are not or cannot be met due to field space limitations. However, the minimum distance of 9m (10 yds) of space from goal line to end line must be maintained. Soft/flexible cones or pylons may be used to mark the corners of the field. Lines: - All lines are 5cm–10.1cm (2”-4”) wide, except the goal line which shall be 5cm (2”) wide. C. The restraining line, a solid line 27m (30yd) up field from each goal line, shall extend across the width of the field. It must be clearly distinguishable as the restraining line, for example, the only line on the field, or marked in a different colour, or marked with X’s. Cones shall not be used for this purpose. Centre of the Field: - There is a circle, radius 9m (30’), in the centre of the field and through the centre of this a line 3m (9’11”) in length, parallel to the goal lines. E. Two arcs shall be marked 8m (26’4”) and 12m (39’4”) from the goal circles. The arcs shall be measured from the centre of the goal line 10.6m (34’10”) for the 8 metre mark and 14.6m (47’9”) for the 12 metre mark. The 8 metre arc shall end on a line on each side that runs from a point on each side of the goal circle, where, if the goal line were continued, would cross the goal line. This line will be at a 45-degree angle to the goal line extended. The 12 metre fan will end at the goal line extended. The 8 metre arc will be sectioned off by hash marks 30.5cm (1’) in length, perpendicular and bisecting the arc. These will be measured 4, 8, and 12 metres respectively from either side of the centre hash mark which shall be measured from the centre of and perpendicular to the centre of the goal line (10.6m/34’10”). Two additional 30.5cm (1’) marks will be made 8 metres from the goal circle, perpendicular to the goal line extended. Each team substitution area shall be defined by two cones placed next to and 2m (6’6”) from the front edge and level with the scorer’s table extended. H. The team bench area is defined as the area from the end of a team’s substitution area to the team’s restraining line.

45

Mini Soccer

46

Mini Soccer
Pitch Dimensions: This varies according to age, from 60m to 30m (65.6yds to 32.8yds) long and 40m to 20m (43.75yds x 21.87yds) wide.

Youth football pitch and goal sizes see chart on page 7
Half Way Line: Centre of the length of field of play. Centre Circle: The radius is 5m (5.5yds) from the centre of the half way line. Penalty Area (Box):This is at each end of the field of play in the centre of the goal line and in the centre of the goal posts 21.6m (24yds) wide and 9.15m (10yds) deep into the field of play. Penalty Spot: This is 6.3m (7yds) from the centre of the goal on the goal line. Size is 15cm (6in) in diameter. Penalty Area Arcs (D):These are a radius of 5m (5.5yds) from the centre of the penalty spot from the edge of the penalty area. Goal Area: This is at each end of the field of play in the centre of the goal line 10m (11yds) wide at the centre on the goal line and 3m (3.3yds) deep. Corner Arcs: These have a Radius of 0.75m (0.8yd) from corner. Goal Posts: These should be 3.6m (12ft) wide and 1.88m (6ft) High. Lines: All lines are 7.5cm or 10cm (3 or 4in) wide and lines are normally white, but other colours are allowed.

47

Netball

48

Netball
Court Measurement: - 30.5m (33.35yds) in length by 15.25m (16.68yds) in width. This includes the width of the line. Court Sections: - 3 sections made up of the 10.17m / 10.16m / 10.17m (11.12yds / 11.11yds / 11.12yds) each, creating a centre third and two goal thirds. Centre Circle: - Diameter 0.9m (1yd) measured in the centre of the outside edges of the court. Goal Circle: - Radius is 4.9m (5.36yds) taken from the middle point of the goal line. Safety Margins: - Need to be marked 2m (2.2yds) outside the main court markings at the goal ends (this is called the “End Run off”) and 1.5m (1.64yds) outside the main court markings at the side of the court ends (this is called the “Side Run Off”). Lines: - All lines are typically white, and 5cm (2in) wide.

49

Rounders

50

Rounders
Batting Area: - 12m (13.12yds) square. Running Square: - A solid line extends from the front right hand corner of the batting square to the first post. This measures 12m (13.12yds). The same line will be extended past the first post for 2m. The distance from the batting square to the second post and the first post to the third post is 17m (18.59yds). The fourth post measures in a straight line from the third post 8.5m (9.3yds) and extended 2m (2.19yds) over the frontline of the batting square. The lines from the first post to the second post and from the second post to the third post will also be extended 2m past the second and third post respectively. Bowling Square; - This is 2.5m (2.73yds) square. Batting Square: - 2m (2.19yds) square. The front line of the batting square extends 12m (13.12yds) minimum in either direction. The area in front of this line toward the bowling square is called the forward area and the area behind it is called the backward area. The front line is parallel with and 7.5m (8.2yds) away from the front line of the bowling square. Batsmen Outline and Waiting Line: - 10m (10.94yds) minimum behind the front line of the batting square and 15m (16.4yds) on both sides of the front right hand corner of the square, they are then marked 2m (3.28yds) long from that point. Posts: - 1.2m (1.31yds) above the ground. They shall be supported in a base and not fixed in the ground. Line Width: - 2.44m (8ft) high from the ground to the bottom of the crossbar and 7.32m (8yds) apart. The posts and crossbar are not to exceed 12cm (5in) wide and must be white. Nets may be attached to the goal and to the ground behind the goal. Lines: - All lines are 7.5cm or 10cm (3 or 4in) wide and lines are normally white, but other colours are allowed.

51

Rugby Union
Dead Ball Line Max 22m 15m 5m Goal Line

22m

22 Meter Line

10 Meter Line 10m Max 100m Halfway Line

10 Meter Line

22 Meter Line

Goal Line Max 22m

Dead Ball Line 70m Maximum

52

Rugby Union
Pitch Dimensions: - The field of play does not exceed 100m in length and 70m in width. Dead Ball Line: - The dead ball line must not exceed 22m and not less than 10m in length and 70m in width. Solid Lines: - The dead ball lines and touch-in-goal lines, both of which are outside the in-goal areas; The goal lines, which are within the in-goal areas but outside the field of play; The 22m lines; which are parallel to the goal lines The half-way line which is parallel to the goal lines; and The touchlines which are outside the field of play. Broken Lines: - The 10m lines, which run from one touchline to the other, are 10m from each side of the half-way line and parallel to it; and The 5m lines, which run from one 5m dash line to the other, are 5m from and parallel to the touchlines. The 15m lines, which link the 5m dash lines, are 15m from and parallel to the touchlines. Dash Lines: - Six dash lines, each being lm long, 5m from and parallel to each goal line positioned 5m and 15m from each touchline and in front of each goal post. Two dash lines, 5m long, 15m from each of the touchlines, which start at the goal line and end at the 5m dash line. One dash line of 0.5m long intersects the centre of the halfway line. All the lines must be suitably marked out according to the Plan. Goal Posts: - The goal posts are 5.6m apart and the crossbar is placed between the two goal posts so that its top edge is 3.0m from the ground. The minimum height of the goal posts is 3.4m. Padding edge must not exceed 300mm from the goal line. Flag Posts: - There are 14 flag posts with flags, each with a minimum height of 1.2m above the ground. Flag posts must be positioned at the intersection of touch-in-goal lines and the goal lines and at the intersection of the touch-in-goal lines and the dead ball lines. These eight flag posts are outside the in-goal area and do not form part of the playing area. Flag posts must be positioned in line with the 22-metre lines and the half-way line, 2 metres outside the touchlines and within the playing enclosure. Lines: - All lines are not more than 5cm (2in) wide and lines are normally white.

53

Rugby League

54

Rugby League
Pitch Dimensions: - The field of play does not exceed 100m in length and 68m in width. Dead Ball Line: - The dead ball line must not exceed 11m and not less than 6m in length and 68m in width. Solid Lines: - The dead ball lines, goal lines, 20m lines and halfway lines must be marked across the full width of the pitch and are parallel to the goal lines. Broken Lines: - The broken lines shall consist of marks or dots on the ground not more than 2 metres apart. All transverse lines must be marked across the full width of the field. Corner Flags: - These are placed at the intersection of each goal line and touch line. A corner post is in touch in-goal area. Goal Posts: - The goal posts are 5.5m apart and the crossbar is placed between the two goal posts 3.0m from the ground. The goal posts extend indefinitely upwards. Lines: - All lines are not more than 5cm (2in) wide and lines are normally white.

55

Shot Put

56

Shot Put
Throwing Circle The rim of the circles shall be made of band iron, steel or other suitable material, the top of which shall be flush with the ground outside. The ground may be concrete, synthetic, asphalt, wood or any other suitable material surrounding to the circle. The interior of the circle may be constructed of concrete, asphalt or some other firm but not slippery material. The surface of this interior shall be level and 1.4 - 2.6cm lower than the upper edge of the rim of the circle. In the Shot Put, a portable circle meeting these specifications is permissible. The inside diameter of the circle shall be 2.135m (±5mm) in the Shot Put and the Hammer Throw and 2.50m (±5mm) in the Discus Throw. The rim of the circle shall be at least 6mm thick and shall be white. The hammer may be thrown from the discus circle provided the diameter of this circle is reduced from 2.50m to 2.135m by placing a circular ring inside. Layout of Shot Put circle A white line 5cm wide shall be drawn from the top of the metal rim extending for at least 75cm on either side of the circle. The white line may be painted or made of wood or other suitable material. The rear edge of the white line shall form a prolongation of a theoretical line through the centre of the circle at right angles to the centre line of the landing sector. Landing Sector 1. The landing sector shall consist of some suitable material on which the shot will make an imprint, but which will minimise any bounce. 2. The landing sector shall be surrounded at the far end and on the two sides, as close to the circle as may be necessary for safety of the other athletes and officials, by a stop barrier which should stop a shot whether in flight or bouncing from the landing surface. 3. In view of the limited space inside an indoor arena, the area enclosed by the stop barrier may not be large enough to include a full 34.92° sector. The following conditions shall apply to any such restriction. (a) The stop barrier at the far end shall be at least 50cm beyond the current world Shot Put record for men or women. (b) The sector lines on either side shall be symmetrical about the centre line of the 34.92° sector. (c) The sector lines may either run radically from the centre of the Shot Put circle including a full 34.92° sector, or may be parallel to each other and the centre line of the 34.92° sector. Where the sector lines are parallel, the minimum separation of the two sector lines shall be 9m.

57

Softball

58

Softball
Pitchers Circle: - This has a radius of 2.44m (8ft). Pitchers Plate: - This is a piece of heavy duty rubber measuring 15cm (6in) wide by 60cm (24in) long. Home Plate: - This is a five sided piece of heavy duty rubber measuring 44cm (17in) across, and 22cm (8.7in) high (this is parallel to the batters box). The remaining sides facing the catcher are 30.5cm (12in) long. Please note the distance between Pitchers Plate & Home Plate varies, please see table above. Dead Ball Line: - This can be 84m (275ft) to 91m (300ft) long and from 6m (20ft) to 9m (30ft) wide. Coaches Box: - These are unclosed rectangle boxes behind and parallel to the foul line. They are drawn 2.44m (8ft) from the first and third base, and are 4.57m (15ft) long and 0.9m (3ft) wide. Distance Tables: -

59

Tennis

60

Tennis
Court Measurement: - The court shall be a rectangle, 23.77m (78ft) long and, for singles matches, 8.23m (27ft) wide. For doubles matches, the court shall be 10.97m (36ft) wide. Centre Service Line: - 12.80m (14yds) long. Parallel to the sidelines directly in the middle of the court and meets perpendicular at the service lines. Centre Mark: - 10cm (3.9in) long marked directly in the middle of the baselines at both ends of the court. Service Line: - 6.4m (7yds) from the centre of the court and 8.23m long, on either side of the Centre Service Line. Tramlines: - 1.37m (1.5yds) from the outside edge of the sidelines on either side of the court. Run-Back Side-Run: - Recommended maximum 6.4m (7yds) to minimum 5.49m (6yds). Side-Run: - Recommended maximum 3.66m (4yds) and 3.05m (3.4yds) minimum Net: - 0.914m (3ft) high and 12.8m (42ft) long. This is placed in the centre of the court dividing the court into two equally sides. Lines: - The centre service line and centre mark shall be 5cm (2in) wide. The other lines of the court shall be between 2.5cm (1in) and 5cm (2in) wide, except that the base lines may be up to 10cm (4in) wide and these are normally white.

61

Volleyball

62

Volleyball
Court Size: - A standard court is 18 metres long and 9 metres wide, divided into two 9 x 9 metre courts by a one-metre wide net placed so that the top of the net is 2.43 metres above the centre of the court for men's competition, and 2.24 metres for women's competition (these heights are varied for veterans and junior competitions). There is a line 3 metres from and parallel to the net in each team court which is considered the "attack line". This "3 metre" line divides the court into "back row" and "front row" areas. Lines: - The lines shall be 5cm (2in) wide and white in colour.

Variations: Court Size Length x Width Attack Line Service Zone

Standard Beach Sitting Mini

18m x 9m 18m x 9m 10m x 6m 9m x 3m

3m 3m 2m 1.5m

3m 3m 2m 2m

63

Croquet

64

Croquet
THE STANDARD COURT The standard court is a rectangle measuring 28 by 35 yards (see Diagram 1). Its boundary must be clearly marked, the inner edge of the marking being the actual boundary. (2) BOUNDARIES The boundaries are known as the north, south, east and west boundaries regardless of the actual orientation of the court. (3) YARD-LINE The perimeter of an inner rectangle whose sides are parallel to and one yard from the boundary is called the yard-line, its corners the corner spots and the space between the yard-line and the boundary the yard-line area. The yard-line is not marked on the court. Certain balls which leave the court or come to rest in the yard-line area are replaced on the yard-line. (4) BAULK-LINES The parts of the yard-line that extend from the corner spots at corners 1 and 3 to a line extended through the centres of hoops 5 and 6 are known as the A and B baulk-lines respectively. The ends of the baulk-lines may be marked on the boundary but any raised markers used must not intrude or lean into the court. The baulk lines are where a ball may be placed before it is played into the game under Law 8(b) (start of game) or played under Law 13 (wiring lift) (or Law 36 (optional lift in advanced play)). (5) THE STANDARD SETTING The peg is set in the centre of the court. There are six hoops which are set parallel to the north and south boundaries; the centres of the two inner hoops are 7 yards to the north and south of the peg; the centres of the four outer hoops are 7 yards from the adjacent boundaries. (b) VARIATIONS TO THE STANDARD COURT (1) COURT LAYOUT The length and width of the court are each subject to the tolerances set out in Appendix 1 provided the court remains a rectangle. Where more than one boundary marking is visible and it is not obvious which one should be used, the most recent defines the true boundary or, if that cannot be determined, the innermost defines the true boundary. Exceptional cases may be dealt with under Law 55. The actual boundary at any point is the straight line which best fits the inner edge of the boundary marking in the vicinity of that point. (2) MOVABLE BOUNDARY MARKING The boundary may be marked with a movable cord, which should be fastened to the court at several intermediate points. If the cord is displaced, Law 35(d) applies. 4 THE COURT AND EQUIPMENT (3) YARD-LINE Where a boundary marking is not straight, the yard-line is taken to be a line one yard inside and parallel to the boundary. However, where it is critical that balls that have been or are to be placed on the yard-line lie on the straight line joining the corner spots, their positions should be adjusted by the minimum amount necessary to ensure that they do so. (4) TOLERANCE ON SETTING Each hoop and the peg may be displaced up to 6 inches from its standard position provided that the lines joining the centres of hoops 1 and 2, 3 and 4, and 5 and 6 remain parallel to the east and west boundaries, that the peg lies on the lines joining the centres of hoops 1 and 3, 2 and 4, and 5 and 6 and that the baulk-lines still terminate on a line extended through the centres of hoops 5 and 6. (5) ACCEPTANCE OF SETTING Once players have started a game, it is deemed that they have accepted that the locations of all boundary markings, hoops and the peg are correct. Material discrepancies may be remedied under Law 55. (6) SMALLER COURTS If the available area is too small for a standard court, a smaller court may be laid out by retaining the court proportions of five length units by four length units but using a length unit shorter than the standard 7 yards. The appropriate governing body may approve other proportions and dimensions.