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All-Asian Satellite Television and Radio Operator (or better known as Astro) is a

Malaysian direct broadcast satellite (DBS) Pay TV service. It transmits digital satellite television and
radio to households in Malaysia and Brunei and has operations at the All Asia Broadcast Centre
located in Bukit Jalil, Kuala Lumpur and MEASAT in Cyberjaya. Astro was granted an exclusive
license as a sole Pay TV provider by the Malaysia federal government until 2022. Until then, it will be
the only DBS provider in Malaysia. Its only with their allies is HyppTV, a IPTV service by TM who
carry their 5 Astro channels. As of September 2014, astro provided services to over four million
Astro is a wholly owned subsidiary of Astro All Asia Networks plc. and operated by MEASAT
Broadcast Network Systems Sdn. Bhd. This company was de-listed from the Main Market of Bursa
Malaysia Securities Berhad on 14 June 2010, following a successful take-over offer by Astro
Holdings Sdn Bhd, a company owned by Tegas Sdn Bhd and its affiliates and Khazanah Nasional
Astro launched the first High Definition (HD) broadcast in Malaysia in December 2009 under the
brand Astro B.yond. Following the launch of HD, Astro B.yond PVR (Personal Video Recorder) was
introduced in June 2010 and Astro B.yond IPTV in April 2011 followed by Over-The-Top service,
Astro on the Go in 2012.
On 18 February 2012, Astro introduced NJOI as an entry-level DTH satellite TV service. It is the first
non-subscription-based satellite TV. As of February 2015, NJOI has 24 SDTV channels, 5 HDTV
channels and all radio channels. [6]


1Brief history
2Satellite and transponders
3Events chronology
o 4.1Astro B.yond
o 4.2Astro IPTV
o 4.3Astro NJOI
5Channels currently on Astro
o 5.1List of TV channels
o 5.2List of radio stations
6Current channels in other countries
o 6.1Singapore
7Service and technical information
o 7.1Encryption
8Broadband and internet-based services
10See also

Brief history[edit]
Tan Sri Ananda Krishnan, was issued a license in 1995 to operate MEASAT. MEASAT in turn
launched ASTRO, Malaysias digital direct broadcast satellite service. He is estimated to have a net
worth of over US$7.4 billion. Malaysias privately owned FM stations exhibit similar ownership
patterns as television, and is largely controlled by Ananda Krishnan. Five of the seven stations are
owned by Airtime Management and Programming Sdn. Bhd. (AMP). AMP additionally operates four
FM services that are available only via digital direct broadcast satellite (ASTRO). AMP is also a
division of Krishnans ASTRO. Not forgetting that Ananda Krishnan also has control over the
telecommunication company Binariang Bhd. that owns two satellites Measat-1, Measat-2 and now
Maxis Communications Berhad(S) (Shriver, 2003). After the launch of the MEASAT-1 satellite as
part of Malaysias commercialisation of space, Astro commenced broadcasting in 1996 with an initial
bouquet of twenty-two television and eight radio channels, which were its own channels (Astro All
Asia Networks, 2011).[7]

Satellite and transponders[edit]

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Astro utilises 11 high powered Ku-band transponders on MEASAT-3 and 6 high powered Ku-band
transponders on MEASAT-3A to transmit its signal across Malaysia and Brunei. MEASAT-3 and
MEASAT-3A are owned by MEASAT Satellite Systems Sdn Bhd, a subsidiary of MEASAT Global.
Astro and MEASAT Global are related parties. MEASAT-3 was launched into orbit in Dec 2006 at
91.5 degrees east, entered commercial service on 1 February 2007 and has a design lifetime of 15
years. MEASAT-3A, which also has a design lifetime of 15 years, entered into commercial service in
Jul 2009 and is co-located at the same orbital slot as MEASAT-3. Both satellites are controlled from
the Measat Teleport and Broadcast Centre located in Cyberjaya, in the same facility as the
Cyberjaya Broadcast Centre. A backup satellite control facility is located at the All Asia Broadcast
Centre. MEASAT-3B was launched into orbit in September 2014 and entered commercial service in
Dec 2014, have 18 transponders which Astro expects to be able to expand its broadcasting capacity
to 180 SD and 102 HD channels.

Events chronology[edit]
In January 1996, Astro was officially formerly known as "Philips ASTRO" it was officially launched by
the digital video broadcasting satellite form of the programme for general used 4-satellite
channel used translated into English on Saluran 20 (now Astro SuperSport), Malay on Saluran
1 (now Astro Ria), Cantonese on Saluran 60 (now Astro Wah Lai Toi) and Tamil on Saluran
2 (now Astro Vaanavil) with an initial bouquet of 22-digital television and 3-digital radio was backed
by Philips Electronics as Holland digital technology by the digital electronics.
On 1 January 2003, Astro Showcase was launched as a free-to-view channel showcasing Southeast
Asian movies. The following year, Season Pass was launched, showing games and other sporting
events. These two have now became pay-per-view channels under the Astro Box Office name and
new logo was launched, the uppercase 'Philips ASTRO' was changed to the lowercase 'astro'.
On 3 March 2003, Astro launches exclusive first-run blockbuster movies from Hong Kong, Japan,
Taiwan and 24/7 channel, Celestial Movies.
On 1 November 2006, Astro News was co-produced with the national news agency Bernama, with
the former taking 12-minutes of the programme for general. The news is also translated into Chinese
on Astro Asian Entertainment Channel, Malay on Astro Ria and Tamil on Astro Vaanavil.
On 1 January 2007, Bernama took over the full half-hour production pending a revamp of the internal
news team at Astro in which Astro Awani was launched on 1 April 2007.
On 1 April 2007, Astro added another 9-satellite television channels into its line-up. The nine
channels that were announced were Jia Yu Channel, Discovery Science, Discovery Real
Time, Discovery Home & Health, E! Entertainment, Astro Vellithirai, Sun Music, Eurosport and The
Golf Channel.
The 3-satellite television channels were already added into Astro's line-up on 24 April 2007.
The 6-satellite television channels became available from 1 May 2007 onward.
The 2-satellite television channels such: The History Channel and the Crime & Investigation
Network joined the Astro platform on 1 June 2007.
On 1 June 2007, Astro introduced Astro On Demand, a new near-video on demand channel
featuring the latest TVB dramas from Hong Kong
On 1 July 2007 onward, Astro On Demand Preview was launched and it is entirely devoted to telling
the Astro subscribers about this new channel. A total of 31 satellite television channels have been
allocated for this new service.
On 13 October 2007, Astro added 7 satellite television channels into its repertoire, including
the Asian Food Channel, Astro Hua Hee Dai, Astro Oasis, Astro Xiao Tai Yang, Chutti TV, KBS
World and Makkal TV. This increased the number of 803 satellite television channels on Astro.
On 1 December 2007, Australia Network starts transmission on the Astro platform.
On 1 January 2008, Bernama TV, Bernama's 24-hour news channel starts transmission on the Astro
On 1 May 2009, Astro launched the Mustika Pack is a new pay television package comprising three
new channels named Astro Citra, Astro Warna, and B4U. Astro Warna offers comedy; while Astro
Citra is the Malay version of the HBO Asia channel providing Southeast Asian blockbuster movies,
Malay premieres and Malay epic series; and B4U the latest box-office Bollywood movies and music
with Malay subtitles. Astro Bella however replaced B4U in early 2012.
Astro then launched another sports channel, Astro SuperSport 2 on 1 November 2009.
On 23 November 2009, Astro starts transmission of the first high-definition channels in Malaysia,
Astro SuperSport HD, HBO HD, National Geographic Channel HD and HISTORY HD, followed by
ESPN HD on 11 January 2010.
Granada TV was added the Astro platform on 1 December 2009 featuring many of the United
Kingdom's best shows. Granada TV was subsequently renamed to ITV Granada on 1 November
On 25 March 2010, Astro Arena, Malaysia's first local sports channel was launched. Astro Arena, a
24-hour local sports channel will be delivered predominantly in Malay and available to all Astro
customers under its Family Pack.
On 1 April 2010, Astro starts transmission of TVB Classic Channel is a drama channel in Cantonese,
featuring memorable and highly rated dramas from the 1970s and 1980s all from TVB's much-
coveted vault of library titles, covering varied genres such as romance, costume, action and comedy.
On 1 May 2010, Astro starts transmission of ESPNews, a sports news channel from ESPN STAR
Sports showcasing the latest international and local sports news. This channel is a rolling news
service featuring highlights, interviews, results and lead-up stories.
In conjunction with the launch of Astro B.yond PVR, Astro launches 3-new high-definition channels
such: AXN HD, Astro Zhi Zun HD a Chinese general entertainment high-definition channel and
FX HD will join Astro B.yond's HD line up. In addition, FOX will replaced Channel V from its channel
listings. All these new channels started transmission on 16 June 2010.
On 1 July 2010, Astro starts transmission of Astro SuperSport 3 (ASSP 3). ASSP 3 will broadcast
'LIVE' coverage of BPL (Barclays Premier League) games as well as also feature highlights,
previews and magazine programs around the BPL. ASSP 3 will also broadcast other football plus a
variety of other sporting genres.
On 11 August 2010, Astro starts transmission of National Geographic Wild (Nat Geo Wild). Nat Geo
Wild, is in Malaysian, English and Mandarin language tracks for all programs.
On 17 August 2010, Astro starts transmission of AXN Beyond HD as well.
On 1 October 2010, Astro launches three additional HD channels, ONE HD provides Asian general
entertainment with a focus on Korean content. while STAR Movies HD brings movies in HD and
Astro Lifestyle HD channel which will air programmes from both Food Network Asia HD (9:00 am to
9:00 pm) and Life Inspired (Li) (9:00 pm to 9:00 am), but in 1 October 2012, the 2 programming will
cut at the Channel HD to ch. 727 and ch. 728.
On 9 December 2010, Astro Tutor TV UPSR returned as a permanent channel on Astro with a
programme line-up include, Mathematics, Science, English and Bahasa Malaysia with full interactive
'red-button' features to make revision even more engaging and fun.
On 14 January 2011, Astro launches Astro First, a first of its kind movie-on-demand service. Astro
customers will be able to watch films within two weeks after the cinema release.
On 1 May 2011, Astro offers Astro Tutor TV channels for PMR and SPM version, with newest line-up
programmes include, Mathematics, Science, English, History, Malay, and Additional Mathematics
(only for SPM) with full interactive 'red-button' features to make revision even more engaging and
On 1 July 2011, Astro launches another new package called Indo Pek, which comprising two new
Astro branded channels named Bintang and Pelangi. Bintang provides Indonesian lifestyle
entertainment such as music videos, gossips, and more. Pelangi shows Indonesian movies from the
1970s and later.
On 15 September 2012, Astro launched Disney's extreme channel in SD and HD, Disney XD on
channel 617 and 637 (HD). These channels will go to the Astro Family Pack.
On 13 January 2013, Astro launched the second Chinese HD channel named Astro Quan Jia HD for
all Astro B.yond customers. The first Chinese HD channel Astro Zhi Zun HD will be revamped to a
Cantonese HD channel, which is a sister channel of Astro Wah Lai Toi.
On 3 June 2013, Astro launched the third Chinese HD channel named Astro On Demand HD for
Astro B.yond customers who subscribe to the Astro On Demand Dragon Pack or Super Pack 3 with
no extra cost. Same Day, SD Version of Astro On Demand will be renumbering to CH 351-354 at
8.30 PM and CH 361-364 at 9.30 PM.
On 24 June 2013, Astro launched the second Malay HD channel named Astro Maya HD for all Astro
B.yond customers as the success of the first Malay HD channel Astro Mustika HD. Astro Mustika
HD will continue broadcasts newest Malay shows in HD. Same Day, Astro launched the fourth
Chinese HD channel named Astro Hua Hee Dai HD for Astro B.yond customers who subscribe to
the New Emperor Pack or Gold Pack or Wah Pack or Super Pack 3 with no extra cost.
On 18 October 2013, Astro launched the first Tamil HD channel named Astro Vinmeen HD on
channel 231. This channel will go to Maharaja Pack + HD Service.
On 11 July 2014, Astro incorporates Astro On Demand into the upgraded version of Dynasty
Package. This channel will be made available to all existing Dynasty Package subscribers on Astro
B.yond platform.[8]
On 6 October 2014, Astro first Chinese HD channel Astro Zhi Zun HD will become Astro Wah Lai Toi
HD on channel 310.
On 1 November 2014, Astro's first home shopping channel, Astro Go Shop launched.
On 16 November 2014, Astro second Chinese HD channel Astro Quan Jia HD which is showing
local programmes and Singapore drama along with Astro AEC will be moved to new Chinese HD
channel, Astro AEC HD on channel 306 and the Chinese Drama HD channel, Astro Shuang Xing
HD on channel 307, which is showing all drama in SD version of Astro Shuang Xing, along with 8
new channels such as FOX Action Movies HD, FOX HD, FOX Family Movies HD, FYI HD, HITS
HD, Celestial Classic Movies, ZooMoo and DIVA HD. All of 8 new HD channels and ZooMoo is
available for preview to all Astro customers from 16 November 2014 until 28 February 2015. At the
same time, Astro chose to discontinued FOX in SD version on channel 710 upgraded to FOX HD on
channel 724.
On 18 November 2014, Astro Shuang Xing and Astro Shuang Xing HD has finally showing
hotest HKTV drama for the first time with Chinese & Bahasa Malaysia subtitles until English subtitles
for the second HKTV drama starting the end of 2015.
On end-year 2014, Astro launches first Korean channel in SD version only for preview from end of
2014 to 16 February 2015, Channel M until the launch of HD version.
On 1 February 2015, Astro launching the first free Chinese HD channel named Astro Xi Yue HD for
all NJOI customers. However, this channel is also available for all Astro B.yond customers when
88% of the customers who have watching HD channels. NJOI has now have 25 SDTV channels, 20
Radio channels and 1 HDTV channels. However, Astro has already have 49 HDTV channels and the
HD Service fee is not changed.
On 16 February 2015, Astro launches all new Korean Pack for K-pop fans. This pack
includes Oh!K HD and Channel M HD. These channels are now available on complimentary
channels from 16 until 28 February 2015. At the same time, Channel M in SD will be end of the
preview at 16 February 2015 and Golf Channel HD launches too.
On 26 February 2015, Golf Channel HD will no longer available on Sports Pack and becoming an
ala carte channel. At the same time, Golf Channel in SD ceases transmission.
On 1 May 2015, Astro's New Value Pack Called "Stars Pack" for Astro Customers comes with HD
Service and Astro On The Go.
On 29 May 2015, Astro first Malay HD channel Astro Mustika HD and second Malay HD
channel Astro Maya HD which is showing some local Malay programmes along with Astro Ria will be
moved to new Malay HD channel, Astro Ria HD on channel 123. At the same time, Astro Maya
HD is now available for all NJOI customers because of 1 million customers celebration.
On 2 June 2015, New Travel channel Go Asean CH 737 add in Astro and NJOI too.
On 1 July 2015, Astro Vinmeen HD on channel 231 is now available to all Singtel TV customers for
Singaporeans on channel 626. This channel is available to Kondattam Starter, Trio, Variety and
Value Pack.
On 15 July 2015, Astro adds new 3 sports channels. Their name is WWE Network (this channel is
broadcasts WWE shows and events and which also in HD) on channel 820 and 840 (HD) and
Setanta Sports HD (this channel is broadcasts international events) on channel 839. At the same
time, this new channels will go to Premium list and SD version of WWE Network will go to NJOI
On 31 August 2015, Astro adds 4 new channels. Their name is STAR Chinese Channel on channel
315, Nat Geo People HD on channel 725, HGTV HD on channel 731 and Astro Cricket HD on
channel 838.
On 19 October 2015, Astro first home shopping channel, Astro Go Shop has now available in
Mandarin version in HD on channel 318, this channel will be available for all Astro and NJOI
customers only.
On 1 November 2015, Astro first home shopping channel, Astro Go Shop in Malay version has now
upgraded to HD version on channel 118.
On 1 May 2016, Astro launches all new Jade Pack for TVB fans. This pack includes TVB Jade HD,
TVB Classic, TVB Classic Movies, TVB Xing He, TVB Entertainment News, TVBS-Asia and Asian
Action Channel. TVB Jade HD, TVB Classic Movies and Asian Action Channel is available for
preview to all Astro customers from 1 May, 2016 until 15 May, 2016.[9]
On 7 June 2016, Astro launches a special channel for gamers and fans of eSports will be thrilled to
know eGG Network channel 808 also known as Every Good Game, Southeast Asias first 24/7
eSports and gaming entertainment.[10]
On 1 August 2016, Astro add new sports channels name beIN Sports channel 837 which is offers
comprehensive coverage of La Liga and more.[11]
On 13 September 2016, Astro Hua Hee Dai began simulcast in both SD and HD. [12]
On 1 October 2016 Zee Variasi was no longer available on Astro from 30 September 2016, but will
replaced by new Hindu HD channel called TARA HD on 19 October 2016. [13]
On 31 October 2016, Astro add new channel called Boo Channel. [14]
On 1 December 2016, Lifetime (CH 709) upgraded to High Definition (HD) for a better viewing
experience. Variety Pack customers on HD enabled setup-boxes (B.yond box) will still be able to
enjoy a preview of the channel until 31st January 2017
On 2 December 2016, FYI is being downgraded from HD to SD quality. [15]
On 16 January 2017, Astro removed ITV Choice channel 12.15 am due to low viewership. [16]
On 1 April 2017, Astro On The Go has now will be known as Astro GO. To celebrate the occasion,
all Astro subscribers (excluding Astro NJOI) will be able to access everything that Astro Go offers,
including all 71 live channels, over 23,000 on-demand content from Hollywood, Korea, Japan, China,
Hong Kong and India, and also live sports from 1 April to 31 May 2017 for free, excluding Pay Per
View (PPV) and premium ala-carte sports content. [17]
On 1 May 2017, Astro add new channel called Warner TV (CH719) in High Definition (HD). This
channel is available for preview to all Astro customers from 1 May, 2017 until 31 May, 2017.[18]
On 11 May 2017, Astro first Malay HD channel Astro Mustika HD which is showing some Comedy
programmes along with Astro Warna will be moved to new Malay HD channel, Astro Warna HD on
channel 124. This channel is available for preview to all Astro customers from 11 May, 2017 until 17
May, 2017. [19]At the same time, Astro and Government of Malaysia has launch a new streaming
service called NJOI Now, this streaming service is allowing all Malaysians to access over 2,000 titles
of movies, drama box sets which may be downloaded and view offline, varieties of entertainment
programmes, news, live sports events, as well as selected Astro live TV channels. [20]

Astro B.yond[edit]
Main article: Astro B.yond
Astro B.yond logo

ASTRO launched Malaysia's first high-definition television service branded Astro B.yond on 11
December 2009. The roll out of these services is estimated to cost some RM200 million, including
marketing and operating costs of approximately RM150 million, over the next financial year, ahead
of revenue and earnings from these services.[21]
Astro B.yond also introduced a Digital Video Recording (DVR) service, available through the Astro
B.yond Personal Video Recorder (PVR) and an external hard disk drive connected to the Astro
B.yond decoder. The Astro B.yond PVR comes with an inbuilt 500GB hard disk and allows
customers to record up to two live programmes at one time, rewind and pause live TV. Recording
services is also available through Astro B.yond via a compatible external hard disk drive and
activation of the recording service by Astro.[22]
In April 2011, Astro B.yond introduced its IPTV services through Astro B.yond IPTV a collaboration
with TIME dotCom Berhad (TIME) to deliver IPTV. Since December 2010, this provides a wide
choice of Astro channels in HD (High-Definition) with personal video recording and video-on-demand
services delivered via TIME's 100% fibre broadband. Astro B.yond IPTV will be progressively
available in Klang Valley and Penang. At present, Astro B.yond IPTV is available at 60 high-rise
condominiums within Mont Kiara, KLCC, Bangsar and Penang.[23]
The first generation Astro B.yond box is a rebranded Pace plc DS-830NA. The latest and current
B.yond set-top-boxes are now manufactured by Samsung. [24]

Astro IPTV[edit]
Main article: Astro IPTV
Astro IPTV is an Internet Protocol Television service by Astro. Launched on 20 April 2011 as Astro
B.yond IPTV, its subscribers were entitled to high definition Astro channels, personal video
recording, video-on-demand, high-speed internet, and voice services. Astros initial target audiences
were residences of high-rise buildings that having difficulty accessing HD and PVR services due to
several technical limitations of the centralised dishes installed at building's rooftop. By including HD
and PVR services with its IPTV, Astro was able to offer HD services to selected high-rise residences
and buildings.[25] This was made possible by partnering with Time dotCom Bhd and later on Maxis
Berhad (April 2013). Astro B.yond IPTV was rebranded to Astro IPTV in February 2014.

Astro NJOI[edit]
Main article: Astro NJOI

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Astro NJOI is a Malaysian first free-to-view satellite TV service by Astro. Launched by Government
of Malaysia and Astro on 18 February 2012, with 18 TV channels and 19 radio stations. Existing
Astro customers are able to have this service through separate account. It comes with a set-top box,
Out-Door Unit (ODU) satellite dish, smart-card and remote control unit.
Initially, it was available at a one-time payment of RM 308 at all Astro authorised retailers, with a
standard installation fee of RM 100 from an Astro authorised installer as stated on the website. In
mid 2013, the one-time payment was reduced to RM 280, and installation remains at RM 100. [26]
As of February 2017, the installation fee is RM285 for refurbished set-top-box or RM350 for brand
new set-top-box, together with standard installation fee of RM100.
Later, NJOI introduces prepaid service where customers are able to enjoy more paid channels which
is available on its regular Astro platform by using prepaid top-up card which it can be easily
purchased at nearby convenience stores. The customer can choose whichever channels they wish
to watch by paying the amount for a selected number of days.
Currently, NJOI offers 28 TV channels including 5 HD channels as well as 20 radio channels. [26]