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Chemistry 5.

The ionic equation for the reaction


between an acid and a carbonate may be
Paper 1 represented as
a. H+(aq) + CO32-(aq) HCO3-(aq)
Instructions: This paper consist of 60 b. 2H+(aq) + CO32-(aq) H2CO3(aq)
multiple choice questions. Circle the correct
answer for each question. c. 2H+(aq) + CO32-(aq) CO2(g) + H2O(l)
d. H+(aq) + CO32-(aq) CO2(g) H2O(l)
Items 1-2 refer to the following atoms
represented by their electronic configuration. Item 6 refers to the following illustrations
(A) 2, 4 of the electronic structure of four atoms
(B) 2, 8
(C) 2, 8, 6
(D) 2, 8, 8, 2

Match each item below with one of the options


above. Each option may be used more than
once, once or not at all.

Which element 6. Which pair of atoms forms covalent


bonds when reacted together?
1. Combines with chlorine to form ionic a. P and Q
bonds? b. P and S
c. Q and S
2. Forms many giant structures occurring d. Q and R
both naturally and artificially? 7. Which of the following is the type of
crystal structure of iodine at room
3. In which of the following are temperature and pressure?
radioactive isotopes NOT used a. Ionic
a. Radiotherapy b. Metallic
b. Carbon dating c. Giant Molecular
c. Metal extraction d. Simple molecular
d. Energy generation
8. A metallic bond is formed when
4. Which of these elements has seven a. Cations are held together by a
electrons in its outer shell? sea of mobile electrons
a. Hydrogen b. Positive metal ions are held
b. Oxygen together by a sea of anions
c. Nitrogen c. Anions are held together by
d. Chlorine negative electrons
d. Metal atoms are held together
by molecular forces
a. Relight glowing splint
Item 9 refers to the following graph which b. Give a pop with a lighted
shows the boiling points of some straight splint
chain alcohols. c. Decolourize acidified aqueous
potassium managante (VII)
d. Turn acidified aqueous
potassium dichromate green

14. Which set of elements has atoms with


two electrons in their outer shells?
a. The halogens
b. Period 2 elements
c. Group II elements
9. The MOST suitable method for
d. The transition elements
separating the 4-carbon alcohol from a
mixture with the 5-carbon alcohol is
Items 15 16 refer to the following types
a. Fractional distillation
of substances.
b. Solvent extraction
(A) Salt
c. Simple distillation
(B) Base
d. Simple evaporation
(c) Alkali
(D) Acid
10. Which of the following is the correct
formula for ammonium carbonate
Match each item below with one of the
a. NH4CO3
following options above. Each option may
b. NH4(CO3)2
be used more than once, once or not at all
c. (NH4)2CO3
d. (NH4)2(CO3)2
15. The oxide of a metal
11. Which of the following separation
16. Supplies protons as the only positive
techniques is NOT used during the
ions in aqueous solutions
extraction of sucrose from sugar cane?
a. Filtration
17. When X and Y are stirred together in a
b. Precipitation
beaker and the mixture filtered, X and Y
c. Centrifugation
are both present in the filtrate. Which of
d. Chromatography
the following could describe the
mixture formed by X and Y?
12. Which of the following does NOT
affect the solubility of a substance?
I. Solution
a. Catalyst
II. Colloids
b. Pressure
III. Suspension
c. Stirring
d. Temperature
a. I only
b. III only
13. A piece of calcium is added to some
c. I and II only
distilled water in a container and a gas
d. II and III only
is produced. The gas produced is
expected to
18. Which of the following compounds are
acid salts? 23. The alkali metals are found in the
Periodic Table in Group
I. NaH2PO4 a. I
II. CaSO4 b. II
III. Al2CO3 c. III
IV. KHSO4 d. IV

a. I and II only 24. Silicon and carbon are in the same


b. I and IV only group in the Periodic Table. The
c. II and III only formula of Silicon chloride is
d. III and IV only a. SiCl2
b. SiCl4
Items 19 20 refer to the following c. SiCl
chemicals. d. Si2Cl
(A) Calcium carbonate
(B) Magnesium metal 25. Which of the following pairs of
(C) Barium Chloride elements are in the same Period in the
(D) Litmus solution Periodic Table?
a. Sodium and Potassium
In answering items 19 20, a particular b. Aluminum and silicon
choice from the above may be made more c. Fluorine and chlorine
than once, once or not at all. d. Phosphorous and oxygen

Which of these chemicals 26. In which of the following groups of the


periodic Table would you expect to find
19. Reacts with an acid, liberating a gas an element X with the greatest basic
which turns lime water milky? character?
a. II
20. Reacts with sulphuric acid to produce b. IV
hydrogen gas? c. V
d. VII
21. Elements are arranged in the Periodic
Table on the Basis of their 27. In the arrangement of elements in the
a. Atomic mass Periodic Table
b. Mass number a. The metallic character of the
c. Atomic number elements increases from left to
d. Neutron number right of a period
b. The non-metallic character of
22. Which of the following is NOT a use of the elements decreases from
the Periodic Table? right to left of a period
a. Summarizing the properties of c. The most reactive elements are
the elements found in the centre of a period
b. Fixing relative atomic masses d. The elements are arranged in
c. Predicting the existence and order of decreasing densities
properties of undiscovered
elements
d. Determining the densities and
melting points of elements
28. Beryllium has two electrons in its
outermost electron shell and a total of 33. Which one of the following statements
two shells. The number of electrons about transition elements is FALSE?
present in an atom of this element is a. The majority of these elements
a. 2 form more than one ion
b. 4 b. The majority of these elements
c. 10 form coloured compounds
d. 8 c. The majority of these elements
are dense
29. Which of the following statements is d. All of these elements are
FALSE? In a given group, as the unreactive
number of electron shells increases,
a. The atoms increase in size 34. Of the elements sodium, potassium,
b. The electrons in the outermost chlorine and iodine, the most metallic is
electron shell are less strongly a. Sodium
attached to the nucleus b. Potassium
c. The reactivities of the elements c. Chloride
decrease. d. Iodine
d. The reactivities of the elements
decrease or increase depending 35. In which of the following compounds is
on the actual group. dative bonding present?
a. Methane
30. The maximum of electrons which a b. Carbon monoxide
particular electron shell can c. Ethanol
accommodate is given by the formula d. Sulphur dioxide
2n2, where n is an integer representing
the number of the shell. What is the 36. Which of the following statement is
maximum number of electrons in the FALSE?
outer shell of elements in Period 3 of a. Hydrogen chloride is covalent
the Periodic Table? b. Water is ionic
a. 18 c. Aqueous hydrogen chloride is
b. 8 ionic
c. 2 d. Ammonia gas is covalent
d. 36
37. Which of the following statements is
31. Elements in Group 0 of the Periodic FALSE? Metals are good electrical and
Table thermal conductors because
a. Possess no electrons in the a. The atoms are very tightly
outermost electron shell packed
b. Are identical in structure b. The outer shell electrons of the
c. Are chemically inert atoms wander away from the
d. Are unreactive solids nuclei and form an electron
cloud.
32. The halogens are placed in Group VII c. The electron cloud can
of the Periodic Table because they constitute an electric flow or
a. Have seven valency electrons current.
b. Ionize by gaining electrons d. The cations formed when the
c. Possess identical properties electrons are lost vibrate
d. Are all oxidizing agents
38. Solid sodium chloride, although 42. A solution has a pH of 1. This solution
composed of ions, is a poor electrical would expected to
conductor because a. React with zinc metal to
a. The ions have neutralized each produce hydrogen
others charge. b. React with zinc metal to
b. The ions are bonded and hence produce a solution of pH 10
are unable to move c. Neutralize a solution of pH 4
c. The ions are moving too d. React with hydrochloric acid to
rapidly produce a salt and water
d. The solid vapourises when
electrical energy is supplied. 43. Which of the following statements
about ionic compounds is true?
a. They contain molecules
b. They are solids and vaporize
easily
39. What type of lattice exists in liquid c. They usually dissolve in
ICE? organic solvents
a. Ionic d. They conducts electricity when
b. Atomic melted or dissolved in water
c. Metallic
d. Simple molecular Item 44 refers to the following graph
which shows changes in temperature
40. From the information given below in with time, for a substance heated until
the table below, which of the substances no further physical changes take place
A, B, C or D, is MOST likely sodium
chloride?

44. During which portion of the curve is the


substance a liquid only?
e. I
a. II
b. III
41. The SMALLEST particle of a chemical c. IV
compound that can take part in a
reaction is te
a. Atom
b. Mole
c. Formula
d. Molecule
45. Ions which are NOT changed in a
reaction are called 50. Which of the following halogens is a
a. Metallic ions liquid at room temperature?
b. Nonmetallic ions a. Bromine
c. Spectator ions b. Fluorine
d. Radicals c. Chlorine
d. Iodine
46. Which of the following will NOT
conduct electricity? 51. Which one of the following does NOT
a. Solid calcium mix with water?
b. Solid calcium chloride a. Alcohol
c. Molten calcium chloride b. Oil
d. A solution of calcium chloride c. Sulphuric acid
in water d. Milk

47. Which of the following salts are soluble 52. The name given to the solid left on the
in water? filter paper after filtration is the
a. Filtrate
I. Lead chloride b. Solute
II. Ammonium carbonate c. Residue
III. Calcium sulphate d. Solvent
IV. Lead nitrate
53. The components of crude oil can BEST
a. IV only be separated by
b. I and III only a. Fractional distillation
c. II and IV only b. Cracking
d. I, II and III only c. Centrifugation
d. Gas chromatography
48. The ionic equation between zinc and
sulphuric acid can BEST be represented
by
a. Zn(s) + 2H+(aq) Zn2+(aq) + H2(g) 54. Which of the following process can be
b. Zn(s) + H2SO4(aq) ZnSO4(aq) + H2(g) used to separate sand and water?
c. Zn(s) + H2SO4(aq) Zn2+(aq) + a. Distillation
2-
SO4 (aq) + H2(aq) b. Filtration
d. Zn(s) + 2 H+(aq) + SO42-(aq) Zn2+ c. Evapouration
2-
(aq) + SO4 (aq) + H2(g) d. Sublimation

49. A mixture of copper (II) oxide and 55. What technique can be used to separate
copper (II) sulphate could BEST be a solution of iodine and sodium
separated by chloride?
a. Shaking with excess water and a. Filtration
then filtering b. Solvent extraction
b. Heating the mixture and c. Decanting
condensing d. Centrifugation
c. Shaking with excess water
followed by fractional
distillation
d. Distilling the mixture
56. The most suitable process to use in
order to separate the pigments in the
chlorophyll of a plant is
a. Solvent extraction
b. Fractional distillation
c. Chromatography
d. Centrifugation

57. The best method to use to separate a


mixture of solid ammonium chloride
and solid sodium chloride is
a. Distillation
b. Sublimation
c. Evapouration
d. Filtration

58. Two liquids which are insoluble in each


other are said to be immiscible. When
they are shaken together, the resulting
mixture is
a. A colloid
b. A suspension
c. An emulsion
d. A gel

59. Two immiscible liquids may be


separated from each other by the use of
a. A filter funnel
b. Distillation apparatus
c. A centrifuge
d. A separating funnel

60. Super-saturated solutions are in an


unstable condition. Which of the
following conditions is NOT conducive
to the formation of such a solution?
a. Slow cooling of the solution
b. Shaking or disturbing the
solution
c. Dust-free conditions
d. Absence of crystals of the solute