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JOYNUS STAFFING

Safety Safety Safety

PROFESSIONALISM COMPLIANCE

CARE EXPERTISE INTEGRITY

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SAFETY & HEALTH PROGRAMS
INTRODUCTION

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The Necessity of Programs

Safety and health programs are recommended for Then there are the costs related to schedule
all general industry businesses, but, at this point, delays, added administrative time, lower morale,
are voluntary. increased absenteeism, and poorer customer
relations. These are the indirect costs of
Accidents are more expensive than most people accidents.
realize because of the hidden costs. Some costs
are obvious for example, Workers
Compensation claims which cover medical costs
and indemnity payments for an injured or ill
worker. These are the direct costs of accidents.

But what about the costs to train and compensate


a replacement worker, repair damaged property,
investigate the accident and implement corrective
action, and to maintain insurance coverage?

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Safety Culture

The best Safety and Health Programs involve 3. Each person accepts personal responsibility
every level of the organization, instilling a safety for ensuring his or her own safety and health.
culture that reduces accidents for workers and
improves the bottom line for managers. 4. Everyone believes he or she has a duty to
protect the safety and health of others.
What are the common characteristics of a safety
and health culture?

1. Management believes that safety and health


on the job is as important a company goal as
other organizational objectives, such as cost
control, quality, and productivity.

2. Individuals within the organization believe


they have a right to a safe and healthy
workplace.

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Benefits of Effective Safety and Health Programs

1. Reduce work related injuries and illnesses

2. Improve morale and productivity

3. Reduce workers compensation costs

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Major Elements

An effective occupational safety and health


program includes the following four elements:

2 4
Management Hazard
commitment prevention and
Worksite Safety and
and employee control
analysis health training
involvement

1 3

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Survey Homework

Each Joynus representative must complete a


survey on one designated client agreed upon with
your direct supervisor.

A comprehensive survey is completed to review


each clients safety and health programs. Topics to
be included are:

1. Management & Employee Involvement

2. Worksite Analysis

3. Hazard Prevention & Control

4. Safety and Health Training

Each of these topics are discussed in more depth


in the proceeding sections.

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Questions

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SAFETY & HEALTH PROGRAMS
MANAGEMENT & EMPLOYEE COMMITMENT

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Commitment & Involvement

1. Managements commitment and the


employees involvement are complementary
elements that are tied together because one
is not effective without the other.
MANAGEMENT &
A plant manager can be totally EMPLOYEES
committed, but if employees follow
blindly or are not involved, problems
will only temporarily be solved.

2. Managements commitment provides


motivation and resources.

3. Employees involvement allows workers to


develop express commitment to safety and
health.

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Management vs. Employees

Below are 3 steps that management must do in Employees must commit to safety and health
order to carry out the safety and health program. protection for themselves and fellow workers by:

1. Clearly state a worksite safety and health 1. Encouraging employees to get involved in the
policy program and in decisions that affect their
safety and health
2. Establish and communicate a clear goal and
objective for the safety and health program 2. Communicating responsibility for all program
aspects; examples:
3. Involve top management in implementing
the program Inspection or hazard analysis teams

Developing or revising safe work rules

Training new hires or co-workers

Assisting in accident investigations.

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Questions

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SAFETY & HEALTH PROGRAMS
WORKSITE ANAYLSIS

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Worksite Analysis

Pinpointing hazards in the worksite and, once


found, eliminating or controlling those hazards is
essential. A worksite analysis initiated by
management is instrumental.

The Worksite Analysis should at least target these


topics:

1. Hazard Identification

2. Hazard Reporting

3. Accident/Incident Investigation

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Routine Inspections

Routine site safety and health inspections are


designed to catch hazards missed at other stages.
This type of inspection should be done at regular
intervals, generally on a weekly basis. In addition,
procedures should be established that provide a
daily inspection of the work area.

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Checklists

You can use a checklist already developed or make They should be done at regular intervals
your own, based on:
In-house inspectors should be trained to
Past problems recognize and control hazards

Standards that apply to your industry Identified hazards should be tracked to


correction
Input from everyone involved
Information from inspections should be used to
Your company's safety practices or rules improve the hazard prevention and control
program.
Important things to remember about inspections
are:

Inspections should cover every part of the


worksite

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Incident Investigation Reasoning

Six key questions should be answered in the


accident investigation and report: who, what,
when, where, why, and how. Though interviews
with all involved parties are necessary, the
primary purpose of the investigation is to prevent
future occurrences. Therefore, the results of the
investigation should be used to initiate corrective
action.

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Incident Investigation Additions

1. Investigate accidents and near miss


accidents so that their causes and means for
prevention are identified

2. Analyze injury and illness trends so that


common cause patterns can be identified and
prevented

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OSHAs Consultation Service: FYI

For small businesses, OSHA-funded, state-run


consultation services which can conduct a
comprehensive survey at no cost. Many workers
compensation carriers and other insurance
companies offer expert services to help their
clients evaluate safety and health hazards. Larger
businesses may find the needed expertise at the
company or corporate level.

See www.osha.gov/oshprogs/consult.html for


more information

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Questions

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SAFETY & HEALTH PROGRAMS
HAZARD CONTROL AND PREVENTION

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Hazard Control and Prevention

1. Start by determining that a hazard or


potential hazard exists

2. Where feasible, prevent hazards by effective


design of the job or job site

3. If the hazard cannot be eliminated, use


hazard controls

4. Eliminate or control hazards in a timely


manner

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Controlling the Hazards

To prevent and control hazards you should use:

1. Engineering controls

2. Administrative controls

3. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

4. Safe work practices communicated:

via training, positive reinforcement

correction of unsafe performance and


enforcement

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Engineering Controls

Where feasible and appropriate, the first and best


strategy is to control the hazard at its source.
Engineering controls do this, unlike other controls
that generally focus on the employee exposed to
the hazard. The basic concept is that the work
environment and the job itself should be designed
to eliminate hazards or reduce exposure to
hazards.

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Administrative Controls

Administrative Controls includes exercise breaks


and rotation of workers. These types of controls
are normally used in conjunction with other
controls

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Personal Protective Equipment

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) is a


supplementary method of control via clothing or
equipment when hazard exposure cannot be
engineered completely out, and when other
forms of controls cannot provide sufficient
additional protection.

Remember, PPE is the last level of control!

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Safe Work Practices

Safe Work Practices includes your companys


general workplace rules and other operation-
specific rules. For example, even when a hazard is
enclosed, exposure can occur when maintenance
is necessary.

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Questions

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SAFETY & HEALTH PROGRAMS
SAFETY AND HEALTH TRAINING

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Safety and Health Training

Training is the backbone of this system. For


management to lead, for personnel to analyze the
worksite for hazards, and for hazards to be
eliminated or controlled, everyone involved must
be trained. The scope of the training depends on
the size and complexity of the worksite and the
hazards involved.

1. Addresses the safety and health


responsibilities of all personnel

2. Incorporate it into other training and job


performance and practices

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Who Needs Training

1. Target new hires, contract workers, 5. The entire workforce needs periodic
employees who wear PPE and workers in refresher training in responding to
high risk areas. Managers and supervisors emergencies.
should also be included in the training plan.

2. Manager training should emphasize their


important role in visibly supporting the safety
and health program and setting a good
example.

3. Supervisor training should cover company


policies and procedures, hazard detection
and control, accident investigation, handling
of emergencies, and how to train and
reinforce training.

4. Long-term workers who have job changes as


a result of new processes or materials.

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Safety and Health Orientation

1. Employees must understand the hazards they


may be exposed to and how to prevent harm
to themselves and others from hazard
exposure

2. Orientation training must be given to site and


contract workers

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Supervisor Responsibilities

1. Analyze work to identify potential hazards in


the area of responsibility

2. Maintain physical protections in work areas

3. Reinforce employee training through


performance feedback and, if needed,
enforcement of safe work practices

Managers must understand their safety and


health responsibilities, as described under the
Management Commitment and Employee
Involvement element of the guidelines.

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Specific Training Needs

1. Hazard recognition

2. Training required in standards

3. Emergency response

4. Accident investigation

5. Emergency drills

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Questions

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SAFETY & HEALTH PROGRAMS
SUMMARY

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Summary

Effective worker safety and health programs: Hazard prevention and control

1. Reduce work related injuries and illnesses Safety and health training

2. Improve morale and productivity

3. Reduce workers compensation costs

4. Include these elements:

Management commitment and


employee involvement

Worksite Analysis

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Additional Information: FYI

See OSHA's Voluntary Safety and Health Program


Management Guidelines. Federal Register (1989,
January 26), (54 FR 3904).

It is available at the OSHA technical link for Safety


and Health Programs at www.osha.gov.

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SAFETY & HEALTH PROGRAMS
HOMEWORK

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Homework

Complete the Safety and Health Survey (word


document) on one selected client. Afterwards,
review it with your supervisor and then decide if
you should schedule a meeting with that clients
HR division to review the findings.

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GREAT JOB!

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