You are on page 1of 2

Carol Dweck Seminar: Creating Confident Individuals

Centre for Confidence, Glasgow

18 September 2008

1. Effects of Intelligence Praise vs Effort praise

Intelligence Praise Effort Praise

Value looking smart value learning

Decreased confidence increased confidence
Low motivation higher motivation
Less interest in feedback welcome feedback
Lower attainment re potential higher attainment re potential
Less enjoyment of task found task more enjoyable

(Dweck 2007) Trial 1 progress of students over one year

6.5 Effort Praise


5.0 Intelligence Praise


Trial 2 percentage of students who lied about their scores to students in another




Intelligence Praise Control Group Effort Praise

C Dweck: We have created a generation of students who have a very fragile

self-esteem, who are now in the workplace. Many of them need constant praise &
reassurance and are uncomfortable with challenge or setbacks
2. Self-esteem vs self-efficacy

Private education buys empty self-belief of superiority over others

Fixed Mindset self-esteem is about feeling good about yourself, often
in relation to the perceived lower achievement of others
Growth Mindset self-esteem is about having the courage &
determination to address weaknesses
Confidence & self-efficacy comes from mastery of problems through
resilience, not from false self-esteem
Benjamin Barber (Political Scientist): I dont divide the world into
successes and failures, I divide the world into learners & non-learners
Growth Mindset Teacher: I am not interested in judging how good
your work is, I am interested in the quality of your learning

3. The myth of the importance of Natural Talent for high achievement

Fixed Mindset stresses the importance of Natural Talent for success

Growth Mindset sees talent as a starting point
C Dweck Effort & motivation is the key element in genius
High achievers enjoy challenges & relish the effort they put in to
overcome them

4. Responses to failure / poor test results following transition

Fixed Mindset Growth Mindset

Would spend less time on this subject Would spend more time studying
for next test in this subject
Would prefer not to take this subject Would see this subject as a
Would be likely to try to cheat next time Unlikely to consider cheating

5. Brainology

Computer programme that teaches how our brains make more connections the
more we learn, promoting the Growth Mindset view that intelligence improves
with learning.

Initial trials see students valuing learning as a means to greater intelligence &
better problem-solving leading to higher achievement