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You are on page 1of 10

ENGINEERING

AGITATION & MIXING OF LIQUIDS

Tel: +60 (4) 5996459

Email: chazmier@eng.usm.my

1. Agitation is (i).... while mixing is

(ii)

Answer:

(i) an induced motion of a material in a specified way.

(ii) random distribution, into & through one another of two

or more initially separate phases

Answer:

Suspending solid particles.

Blending miscible liquids e.g. methyl alcohol & water.

Dispersing gas through liquid in the form of small

bubbles.

Promoting heat transfer between liquids & a coil/jacket.

2b. 4 purposes of suspension of solid

particles

Answer:

To produce a homogenous mixture for

feeding to a processing unit.

To promote growth of a crystalline product

from a supersaturated solution.

To dissolve the solids.

To catalyze a chemical reaction.

agitation vessel.

Answer:

4. Three main types of impellers are (i), (ii). & (iii)

Answer:

(i) Propellers; (ii) paddles & (iii) turbines

5. Sketch the schematic diagram of (a) axial flow & (b) radial flow.

Answer:

6. Sketch the flow pattern for 7. Sketch the draft tube with flow

off-center propeller. pattern in baffled tank for (a)

turbine & (b) propeller impeller.

Answer:

Answer:

8. A flat-blade turbine with six blades is installed centrally in

a vertical tank. The tank is 3.6 m in diameter, the turbine is

1.2 m in diameter & is positioned 1.2 m from the bottom of

the tank. The turbine blades are 240mm wide. The tank is

filled to a depth of 3.6m with a solution of 50% caustic soda

at 65.6oC, which has a viscosity of 10.785 P and a density of

1498 kg/m3. The turbine is operated at 60 rpm. What power

will be required to operate the agitator if:-

(a)The tank was baffled & (b) The tank was unbaffled.

n = 60rpm / 60 s = 1.0 r/s

Da = E = 1.2 m

= 10.785 P = 1.0785 kg/ms

(a) Baffled tank

N =

D a2 n

=

(1 . 2 )

2

(1 )( 1498 )

= 2000

RE

1 . 0785

From Fig. 9.12, curve A for baffle, NP = 5.0

P = N P n 3 Da5 = (5)(1) 3 (1.2) 5 (1498) = 1.86 x10 4 W

From Fig 9.12, curve D, NP =2.0.

Froude number, n 2 Da (1) 2 (1.2) Thus power,

N Fr = = = 0.122

g 9.81

P = N P n3 Da5

From Table 9.1, a & b are 1.0 & 40.0 respectively

= (2.257)(1)3 (1.2)5 (1498)

a log10 N Re 1.0 log10 2000

m= = = 0.0575 = 8413mN / s = 8413W

b 40

NP(Corr) = NP NFrm = 20.1220.0575 = 2.257

9. A propeller with three blades is installed centrally in a

vertical tank. The tank is 2.7 m in diameter, the propeller is

0.81 m in diameter & is positioned 0.81 m from the bottom of

the tank. The tank is filled to a depth of 2.7m with a caustic

soda solution, which has a viscosity of 1.5 cP and a density of

1498 kg/m3. The turbine is operated at 3.21 rpm. What

power will be required to operate the agitator if:- The tank

was baffled & (b) The tank was unbaffled.

Answer:

1 poise = 0.1 kg/ms

n = 3.21rpm / 60 s = 0.0535 r/s

Da = E = 0.81 m

= 1.5cP = 1.5x10-3 kg/ms

(a) Baffled tank

N =

D a2 n

=

(0 . 81 ) 2

( 0 . 0535 )( 1498 )

= 3 . 51 x 10 4

RE

1 . 5 x 10 3

From Fig. 9.13, NP = 0.9

P = N P n 3 Da5 = (0.9)(0.0535) 3 (0.81) 5 (1498) = 0.072W

From Fig 9.13, NP =0.58.

Froude number, n 2 Da (0.0535) 2 (0.81) Thus power,

N Fr = = = 2.36 x10 4

g 9.81

P = N P n3 Da5

From Table 9.1, a & b are 1.7 & 18.0 respectively = (2.17)(0.0535)3 (0.81)5 (1498)

a log10 N Re 1.7 log10 35055 = 0.173mN / s = 0.173W

m= = = 0.158

b 18

N P ( Corr ) = N P N Frm = 0.58(2.36 x104 ) 0.158 = 2.17

10. An agitated vessel 0.45m in diameter contains a six-blade straight-blade

turbine 0.15m in diameter located 0.15m above the vessel floor & rotating at

54 rpm. It is proposed to use this vessel for neutralizing a dilute aqueous

solution of NaOH with a stoichiometrically equivalent quantity of

concentration nitric acid (HNO3). The final depth of liquid in the vessel is to

be 0.45m. Assuming that all the acid is added to the vessel at one time, how

long will it take for the neutralization to be completed for (a) baffled tank

and (b) unbaffled tank? (Given liquid = 997 kg/m3; liquid = 9.82x10-2 Pa.s).

Answer:

(a) baffled tank

(b) unbaffled tank

Dt= 0.45 m, Da= E = 0.15 m, n = 0.9 rps, From Fig. 9.15, ntT = 350

N RE =

Da2 n

=

(0.15) (0.9)(997)

2

= 205.6

Thus tT= 350/0.9 = 389s

9.82 x102

Thus tT= 170/0.9 = 189s

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