You are on page 1of 10

EKC 212

FLUID FLOW FOR CHEMICAL


ENGINEERING

CHAPTER 9 (SOLUTION WIP EXERCISE):


AGITATION & MIXING OF LIQUIDS

Dr Mohd Azmier Ahmad


Tel: +60 (4) 5996459
Email: chazmier@eng.usm.my
1. Agitation is (i).... while mixing is
(ii)

Answer:
(i) an induced motion of a material in a specified way.
(ii) random distribution, into & through one another of two
or more initially separate phases

2a. Give 4 purposes of agitation of liquids


Answer:
Suspending solid particles.
Blending miscible liquids e.g. methyl alcohol & water.
Dispersing gas through liquid in the form of small
bubbles.
Promoting heat transfer between liquids & a coil/jacket.
2b. 4 purposes of suspension of solid
particles
Answer:
To produce a homogenous mixture for
feeding to a processing unit.
To promote growth of a crystalline product
from a supersaturated solution.
To dissolve the solids.
To catalyze a chemical reaction.

3. Sketch the typical diagram of


agitation vessel.
Answer:
4. Three main types of impellers are (i), (ii). & (iii)

Answer:
(i) Propellers; (ii) paddles & (iii) turbines

5. Sketch the schematic diagram of (a) axial flow & (b) radial flow.

Answer:
6. Sketch the flow pattern for 7. Sketch the draft tube with flow
off-center propeller. pattern in baffled tank for (a)
turbine & (b) propeller impeller.
Answer:
Answer:

Flow pattern with off-center propeller


8. A flat-blade turbine with six blades is installed centrally in
a vertical tank. The tank is 3.6 m in diameter, the turbine is
1.2 m in diameter & is positioned 1.2 m from the bottom of
the tank. The turbine blades are 240mm wide. The tank is
filled to a depth of 3.6m with a solution of 50% caustic soda
at 65.6oC, which has a viscosity of 10.785 P and a density of
1498 kg/m3. The turbine is operated at 60 rpm. What power
will be required to operate the agitator if:-
(a)The tank was baffled & (b) The tank was unbaffled.

Answer: 1 poise = 0.1 kg/ms


n = 60rpm / 60 s = 1.0 r/s
Da = E = 1.2 m
= 10.785 P = 1.0785 kg/ms
(a) Baffled tank
N =
D a2 n
=
(1 . 2 )
2
(1 )( 1498 )
= 2000
RE
1 . 0785
From Fig. 9.12, curve A for baffle, NP = 5.0
P = N P n 3 Da5 = (5)(1) 3 (1.2) 5 (1498) = 1.86 x10 4 W

(b) Unbaffled tank


From Fig 9.12, curve D, NP =2.0.
Froude number, n 2 Da (1) 2 (1.2) Thus power,
N Fr = = = 0.122
g 9.81
P = N P n3 Da5
From Table 9.1, a & b are 1.0 & 40.0 respectively
= (2.257)(1)3 (1.2)5 (1498)
a log10 N Re 1.0 log10 2000
m= = = 0.0575 = 8413mN / s = 8413W
b 40

So the corrected value of NP,


NP(Corr) = NP NFrm = 20.1220.0575 = 2.257
9. A propeller with three blades is installed centrally in a
vertical tank. The tank is 2.7 m in diameter, the propeller is
0.81 m in diameter & is positioned 0.81 m from the bottom of
the tank. The tank is filled to a depth of 2.7m with a caustic
soda solution, which has a viscosity of 1.5 cP and a density of
1498 kg/m3. The turbine is operated at 3.21 rpm. What
power will be required to operate the agitator if:- The tank
was baffled & (b) The tank was unbaffled.

Answer:
1 poise = 0.1 kg/ms
n = 3.21rpm / 60 s = 0.0535 r/s
Da = E = 0.81 m
= 1.5cP = 1.5x10-3 kg/ms
(a) Baffled tank
N =
D a2 n
=
(0 . 81 ) 2
( 0 . 0535 )( 1498 )
= 3 . 51 x 10 4
RE
1 . 5 x 10 3
From Fig. 9.13, NP = 0.9
P = N P n 3 Da5 = (0.9)(0.0535) 3 (0.81) 5 (1498) = 0.072W

(b) Unbaffled tank


From Fig 9.13, NP =0.58.
Froude number, n 2 Da (0.0535) 2 (0.81) Thus power,
N Fr = = = 2.36 x10 4
g 9.81
P = N P n3 Da5
From Table 9.1, a & b are 1.7 & 18.0 respectively = (2.17)(0.0535)3 (0.81)5 (1498)
a log10 N Re 1.7 log10 35055 = 0.173mN / s = 0.173W
m= = = 0.158
b 18

So the corrected value of NP,


N P ( Corr ) = N P N Frm = 0.58(2.36 x104 ) 0.158 = 2.17
10. An agitated vessel 0.45m in diameter contains a six-blade straight-blade
turbine 0.15m in diameter located 0.15m above the vessel floor & rotating at
54 rpm. It is proposed to use this vessel for neutralizing a dilute aqueous
solution of NaOH with a stoichiometrically equivalent quantity of
concentration nitric acid (HNO3). The final depth of liquid in the vessel is to
be 0.45m. Assuming that all the acid is added to the vessel at one time, how
long will it take for the neutralization to be completed for (a) baffled tank
and (b) unbaffled tank? (Given liquid = 997 kg/m3; liquid = 9.82x10-2 Pa.s).

Answer:
(a) baffled tank
(b) unbaffled tank

Dt= 0.45 m, Da= E = 0.15 m, n = 0.9 rps, From Fig. 9.15, ntT = 350
N RE =
Da2 n
=
(0.15) (0.9)(997)
2

= 205.6
Thus tT= 350/0.9 = 389s
9.82 x102

From Fig. 9.15, ntT = 170


Thus tT= 170/0.9 = 189s