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Tugas ke-1 Kalkulus 1

1. An object is released from rest (its initial velocity is zero) from the Empire State Building at
a height of 1250 ft above street level (Figure Ex-26). The height of the object can be modeled
by the position function s = f (t) = 1250 16t2 .

(a) Verify that the object is still falling at t = 5 s.


(b) Find the average velocity of the object over the time interval from t = 5 to t = 6 s
(c) Find the objects instantaneous velocity at time t = 5 s.

2. The radius of a circular oil spill is growing at a constant rate of 2 kilometers per day. At what
rate is the area of the spill growing 3 days after it began?

3. The graph of the function f (x) = 1 x2 is the upper half of the unit circle. On that curve
(see the figure below) we have marked a point P (x, y).

(a) What is the slope of the normal at P ? Express your answer in terms of x and y.
(b) Deduce from (a) the slope of the tangent at P . Express your answer in terms of x and y.
(c) Confirm your answer in (b) by calculating
p
0 1 (x + h)2 1 x2
f (x) = lim
h0 h

HINT: First rationalize


p the numerator
of the difference quotient by multiplying both numerator
and denominator by 1 (x + h) + 1 x2
2

4. (a) The graph in the accompanying figure is made of line segments joined end to end. At
which points of the interval [4, 6] is f 0 not defined? Give reasons for your answer

(b) Graph the derivative of f . The graph should show a step function.

5. Suppose that functions g(t) and h(t) are defined for all values of t and g(0) = h(0) = 0. Can
g(t)
lim h(t) exist? If it does exist, must it equal zero? Give reasons for your answers
t0