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Microsoft Project

Microsoft Project is a project management software Boyd wrote the specication and engaged a local Seattle
product, developed and sold by Microsoft. It is designed company to develop the prototype.
to assist a project manager in developing a plan, assign-
The rst commercial version of Project was released for
ing resources to tasks, tracking progress, managing the DOS in 1984. Microsoft bought all rights to the software
budget, and analyzing workloads.
in 1985 and released version 2. Version 3 for DOS was
Microsoft Project was the companys third Microsoft released in 1986. Version 4 for DOS was the nal DOS
Windows-based application, and within a couple of years version, released in 1986. The rst Windows version was
of its introduction it became the dominant PC-based released in 1990, and was labelled version 1 for Windows.
project management software.[1] In 1991 a Macintosh version was released. Development
It is part of the Microsoft Oce family but has never continued until Microsoft Project 4.0 for Mac in 1993.
been included in any of the Oce suites. It is available
Microsoft Project 4 for the Mac included both 68k and
PowerMac versions, Visual Basic for Applications and in-
currently in two editions, Standard and Professional. Mi-
crosoft Projects proprietary le format is .mpp. tegration with Microsoft oce 4.2 for the Mac. In 1994,
Microsoft stopped development of most of its Mac ap-
Microsoft Project and Microsoft Project Server are the
cornerstones of the Microsoft Oce enterprise project plications and did not oer a new version of Oce un-
til 1998, after the creation of the new Microsoft Macin-
management (EPM) product.
tosh Business Unit the year prior. The Mac Business Unit
never released an updated version of Project, and the last
version does not run natively on Mac OS X.
1 History Microsoft Project 4.0 was the rst to use common Oce
menus, and the last to support Windows 3.1x, Windows
NT 3.1 and 3.5. It was the last 16-bit version.
Microsoft Project 95 was the rst 32-bit version and it
was designed for Windows 95, hence the name.
Microsoft Project 98 was the rst to use Tahoma font in
the menu bars and to contain Oce Assistant, like all
Oce 97 applications. It was the last version to run on
Windows NT 3.51. Project 98 SR-1 was a major service
release addressing several issues in Project 98.[2]
Microsoft Project 2000 was the rst to use personalized
menus and to use Windows Installer-based setup inter-
face, like all Oce 2000 applications. Project 2000 was
Microsoft Project 2000 also the last version to run on Windows 95.
Microsoft Project 2002 was the rst to contain mandatory
'Project' was an MS-DOS software application originally product activation, like Oce XP and Windows XP. It
written in Microsoft 'C' (and some assembly) language was also the last version to run on Windows NT 4.0, 98
for the IBM PC. The idea originated from the vision of (SE) and ME.
Ron Bredehoeft, a former IBM S/E and PC-enthusiast
in the early 1980s. This original vision was simple: ex- Microsoft Project 2003 was the rst to contain Windows
press the recipe and all preparation for a breakfast of XP-style icons, like all Oce 2003 applications, and the
eggs Benedict in project management terms. Mr. Bre- last to run on Windows 2000.
dehoeft formed Microsoft Application Services (MAS) Versions were released in 1992 (v3.0), 1993 (v4.0), 1995
during the birth of the application and the company later (v4.1a), 1998 (v9.0), 2000 (v10.0), 2003 (v11.0), 2007
entered an OEM agreement with Microsoft Corporation. (v12.0), 2010 (v14.0) and 2013 (v15.0).[3] There was no
Alan M. Boyd, Microsofts Manager of Product Devel- Version 2 on the Windows platform; the original design
opment, introduced the application as an internal tool to spec was augmented with the addition of macro capabil-
help manage the huge number of software projects that ities and the extra work required to support a macro lan-
were in development at any time inside the company.


guage pushed the development schedule out to early 1992 2.1 Editions
(Version 3).
Project is available in two editions, Standard and Profes-
sional; both editions are available either as 32 or 64bit op-
tions. The Professional edition includes all the features of
2 Features the Standard version, plus more features like team collab-
oration tools and ability to connect to Microsoft Project

2.2 Project 2010

Microsoft Project 2010 includes the Fluent user interface

known as the Ribbon.[6]

Interoperability Microsoft Projects capabilities were

extended with the introduction of Microsoft Of-
ce Project Server and Microsoft Project Web Ac-
cess. Project Server stores Project data in a cen-
tral SQL-based database, allowing multiple, inde-
pendent projects to access a shared resource pool.
Web Access allows authorized users to access a
Microsoft Project 2007 showing a simple Gantt chart Project Server database across the Internet, and in-
cludes timesheets, graphical analysis of resource
workloads, and administrative tools.
Project creates budgets based on assignment work and
resource rates. As resources are assigned to tasks and User controlled scheduling User-controlled schedul-
assignment work estimated, the program calculates the ing oers exible choices for developing and
cost, equal to the work times the rate, which rolls up to managing projects.[7]
the task level and then to any summary tasks and nally
to the project level. Resource denitions (people, equip- Timeline The timeline view allows the user to build a
ment and materials) can be shared between projects us- basic Visio-style graphical overview of the project
ing a shared resource pool. Each resource can have its schedule. The view can be copied and pasted into
own calendar, which denes what days and shifts a re- PowerPoint, Word, or any other application.
source is available. Resource rates are used to calculate
SharePoint 2010 list synchronization SharePoint
resource assignment costs which are rolled up and sum-
Foundation and Project Professional project task
marized at the resource level. Each resource can be as-
status updates may be synchronized for team
signed to multiple tasks in multiple plans and each task
can be assigned multiple resources, and the application
schedules task work based on the resource availability as Inactive tasks helps experiment with project plans and
dened in the resource calendars. All resources can be perform what-if analysis
dened in label without limit. Therefore, it cannot deter-
mine how many nished products can be produced with The Team Planner view The new Team Planner shows
a given amount of raw materials. This makes Microsoft resources and work over time, and helps spot prob-
Project unsuitable for solving problems of available mate- lems and resolve issues.
rials constrained production. Additional software is nec-
essary to manage a complex facility that produces physi-
cal goods. 2.3 Project 2013
The application creates critical path schedules, and
critical chain and event chain methodology third-party Whats new in Project 2013 includes new Reports section,
add-ons also are available. Schedules can be resource lev- better integration with other Microsoft products, and ap-
eled, and chains are visualized in a Gantt chart. Addition- pearance of user interface items:[8]
ally, Microsoft Project can recognize dierent classes of
users. These dierent classes of users can have diering Reports A Reports section is added to the ribbon for
access levels to projects, views, and other data. Custom pre-installed reports. Project 2013 includes graphi-
objects such as calendars, views, tables, lters, and elds cal reports so that you can create graphical reports
are stored in an enterprise global which is shared by all and add clipart without having to export data to an-
users. other program. For example, the Burndown reports

show planned work, completed work, and remain- [2] PRJ98: List of Fixes in Microsoft Project 98 SR-1.
ing work as lines on a graph. Project 2013 adds pre- News Center. Microsoft. 18 September 2011. Retrieved
installed ability to compare projects, do dashboards, 20 January 2013.
and to export to Visual Reports. [3] Previous Versions of Microsoft Project at the Wayback
Machine (archived January 12, 2009)
Trace task paths This feature allows you to highlight
the link chain (or 'task path') for any task. When [4] Version Comparison (Microsoft Project Professional
you click on a specic task, all of its predecessor 2010, Microsoft Project Standard 2010)" (PDF).
tasks show up in one color and all of its successor [5] Choose Your Microsoft Project, Learn about & compare
tasks show up in another color. Project versions.

Sharing Project 2013 improves the sharing and commu- [6] Steve Ballmer: Microsoft Oce Project Conference
nication features of its predecessors in multiple ways 2007. News Center. Microsoft. 30 October 2007. Re-
without leaving Project. With Lync installed, hov- trieved 20 January 2013.
ering over a name allows you to start an IM session, [7] Microsoft Project 2010 Ribbon Guide (Silverlight an-
a video chat, an email, or a phone call. You can imation). Microsoft Project Training. Microsoft. Re-
copy and paste content to any of the Microsoft Of- trieved 20 January 2013.
ce suite. You can sync content to Sharepoint or
a SkyDrive to share without going through Project [8] Whats new in Project 2013. Microsoft. Retrieved 10
October 2013.
and Project Online provides an online project man-
agement web app that has all of the functionality of [9] Whats new for business users in Microsofts Oce
Project 2013 and can be accessed from any web en- '16'?". ZDnet. 18 September 2013. Retrieved 10 June
abled device. 2015.

[10] Was ist neu in Microsoft Project Server 2016 und Project
2.4 Project 2016 Online - Ressourcenvereinbarungen. Holertcom. 20
May 2015. Retrieved 10 June 2015.
Project 2016 adds a new Reports section, backwards- [11] Microsoft Project 2016 Preview What is New?". Man-
compatibility with Project Server 2013, better integration agementYogi. 23 May 2015. Retrieved 10 June 2015.
with other Microsoft products, and improved appearance
of user interface items: [12] My Top 5 new Microsoft Project 2016 Client Features
from the Microsoft Ignite Conference. BrightWork. 12
May 2015. Retrieved 10 June 2015.
Timeline Allows user to customize views to have multi-
ple timeline bars and custom date ranges in a single
5 External links
Resource Agreements Gives features for resource plan-
ning coordination between Project Manager and Re- Ocial website
source Manager.[10]
Microsoft Project blog on MSDN Blogs
Oce 2016 style theme and help Uses the new Oce Project Programmability blog on MSDN Blogs
query 'tell me what you want to do'.[11]
Project 2003: Project Guide and Custom Views
Backwards compatibility with Microsoft Project Server 2013
Microsoft Project 2010: Interactive menu to ribbon
The transition of enterprises from one version to
the next may be eased by this product being able to
interact with the earlier version of server.[12] The Project Map: Your road map to project man-

3 See also Templates for Project 2013

MPUG Templates for Project

List of project management software
Step by Step practice les

4 References
[1] Project Planning Tools - Popularity Ranking. Project
Management Zone. Retrieved 6 August 2015.

6 Text and image sources, contributors, and licenses

6.1 Text
Microsoft Project Source: Contributors: Christian List, Nixdorf,
Tompagenet, Ixfd64, Paul A, Haakon, Glenn, Mkoval, Agtx, Choster, Jerey Smith, Bevo, Northgrove, Robbot, Alan De Smet, Gad-
um, Cynical, Howardjp, Julien~enwiki, D6, Bornintheguz, Discospinster, Solitude, Clawed, Per Olofsson, Lusheeta~enwiki, Unquietwiki,
Pearle, Hooperbloob, Gary, Walter Grlitz, Chira, Brian Mullen, Malo, Shinjiman, BBird, AN(Ger), Btornado, Dennis Bratland, RHa-
worth, Deeahbz, Sin-man, Ryan Norton, Ketiltrout, Kinu, Pako, Fish and karate, SNIyer12, FlaBot, DVdm, YurikBot, John Quincy Adding
Machine, Gaius Cornelius, Wiki alf, Vlad, Jeremy Visser, Xpclient, SiliconCerebrate, Mcicogni, Calvin08, Paul Magnussen, David Jor-
dan, ArielGold, Mlibby, SmackBot, Renesis, Jschlackman, Thumperward, OSborn, BWCNY, DBBell, UU, Opticyclic, Kuru, Agencius,
Soumyasch, IronGargoyle, Chrisch, Hvn0413, Erwin, Ace Frahm, Peyre, WilliamJE, Nubzor, Markbassett, RaviC, George100, Anubhavk-
lal, Necessary Evil, JonEastham, Lofote, DumbBOT, Garik, Thijs!bot, Epbr123, Shaneleach, Frank, Blathnaid, MrMarmite, Guy Macon,
Seaphoto, JAnDbot, Txomin, Nthep, Civkit, PhilKnight, Nikbro, VoABot II, Johnclif, Stephenchou0722, R'n'B, CommonsDelinker, Earth-
andre, Hardy007, Cometstyles, Remember the dot, Bonadea, Idarin, Wikieditor06, Hammersoft, VolkovBot, Kelapstick, PGSONIC,
Oshwah, Catber, Tuanese, Anna Lincoln, Dgmoran,, Arkaaito, Moocowsrock, Kenmckinley, Premiero, Jauerback, BStarky,
Xdriver206, Chzhao, Svick, Silvergoat, TheHoax, Rudrakshvyas, ImageRemovalBot, Martarius, ClueBot, The Thing That Should Not Be,
B1atv, Boing! said Zebedee, Watchduck, Dilan20, Gvozdok, Sophiak, Thingg, IJA, Antti29, Eminilyas, Ost316, Latha P Nair, Druni-
sine, HexaChord, Deineka, Addbot, Ghettoblaster, Ente75, Queenmomcat, CanadianLinuxUser, MrOllie, Projman, Truthbro, Tide rolls,
DDBP, Trout001, Questyman, Luckas-bot, Yobot, Amirobot, Samnorman3, Wonder, AnomieBOT, Rubinbot, Ziyuang, Flopsy Mopsy
and Cottonmouth, RandomAct, Materialscientist, Xqbot, Ylebihan, Jamesman11, , Natalija123, Know Your NME, Dianschahauser,
Elena1234, Mikespedia, Targetskills, Reconsider the static, TAIntedCHInese, Fastilysock (usurped), Jmend02a, EmausBot, Dewritech,
GoingBatty, Ebe123, Wikipelli, SporkBot, OnePt618, Wingman4l7, Donner60, Bjornwalker, MainFrame, Umar1996, 28bot, ClueBot NG,
Regocasasnovas, Nicola Cognito, Pizza1016, Cntras, Widr, Zackaback, Projektleiter, Richcraw, Lowercase sigmabot, BG19bot, MusikAn-
imal, Geraldo Perez, Emrek4z, BattyBot, Justincheng12345-bot, DarafshBot, Tonyxc600, Bbhoward, Dexbot, Codename Lisa, Mogism,
Rbernard84, PhelperRF, Sriharsh1234, KaurKuut, GentOfTheLake, Jbarrishcap, Pmi, Generalcontributor, FourViolas, TeamUgentPM,
OceanNationMahoneyTrump, GreenC bot, MrOta and Anonymous: 200

6.2 Images
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Extracted by Codename Lisa (talk contribs) from Microsoft Project 2013 Original artist: ?
File:Microsoft_Project_screenshot.png Source:
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6.3 Content license

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