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The vigil
icon-lamp June 17, 2015 liturgical educational program 60 Views

Our Lord Iisus Hristos commanded us to constantly watch and pray. Trying to fulfill this commandment,

Christians from ancient times in a particularly memorable day made service, which lasted all night, from

dusk till dawn, and therefore was named all-night vigil . Its main parts - Great Vespers and Matins .

At the beginning of the great vespers commemorated the lives of our first parents, Adam and Eve in
Paradise. While in this beautiful place, enjoying the beauty and grandeur of Paradise world created by

God, our first parents brought their ecstatic prayer and thanksgiving to God. In that blissful time, people
talked with God face to face, as they were sinless.


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The symbol of this is the open before the service King's Gate . In remembrance of the beginning of
God's creation of the world (when the Spirit of God, like incense smoke enveloped the pristine land, hath

quickened us together has not hosted the world), the priest incenses the altar , then, giving glory to the

Holy Trinity, comes out from the altar and incenses the temple that symbolizes the time when God
himself was close to the people. The choir sings selected poems 103rd psalm , depicting the majestic

view of the world and the praise of the Creator: "Bless my soul, Lord. Blessed art Thou, O Lord! .. Jako
vozvelichishasya are Thy works, O Lord, all the wisdom created the ecu ... .


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God gave man the freedom that he freely chooses only the good. But people listened to envious and
deceitful devil's advice and refused to communicate with God. After that, people could not remain in

Paradise. God banished him from the Garden and placed on the impoverished and impoverished land.

However, Merciful Creator, in His ineffable love, encouraged by the promise of the Savior of man. It began
the sad history of mankind on the earth - the story of repentance, correction, a gradual return of the lost
children to their Father in Heaven.


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The Church reminds us of these events further course of worship. Royal Doors are closed . Before them

as before mixing Paradise, the deacon pronounces the Great Litany (Litany - in Greek: diligence, diligent
prayer), which sought the help of God to sinful man in the various needs of his earthly life. After each

petition of the litany the choir sings from the person praying: "Lord, have mercy." Then the choir

sings selected verses from the 1st Kathisma (kathisma called parts into which divided the Psalter),

talking about the life of the righteous and the unrighteous: "Blessed is the man who hath not walked in the

counsel of the wicked ... and the way of the wicked will perish ... Serve the Lord with fear and rejoice He
trembling ... Blessed ecu hoping Nan ... " ( Ps 1., 1 , 6; 2, 11-12).


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The Old Testament saints lived in hope of the promised Savior. Old Testament worship with his victims

was a reminder of God's promise, the prototype of the future great sacrifice, when He Himself the Son of

God , being God, become Man, will come to the people, to save them, and His righteous life, his victory
over death, His ascension to God the Father reconcile with God and become like the new Progenitor for

fallen humanity, wishing to regain communication with the Creator.

See also: Proskomedia


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Continued Vigil says about these hopes. The choir sings the verses of the psalm, full of mournful cries:
"Lord, I cry unto thee, hearken unto me ..." ( Psalm 140. ). Incensing committed deacon at this time,
it means sacrifices were offered in the Old Testament, as well as our prayers to God. Psalms verses
beginning to alternate with stichera - chants, dedicated to the holiday. During the singing of the last verses

- dogma, speaking of the mystery of the Incarnation of the Savior, - clergymen with censer out of the
side doors and the altar through the royal doors are part of it . The output of the priest from the altar
symbolizes the descent to earth of the Son of God for the salvation of men, His preaching, voluntary

suffering, crucifixion and descent into hell, and the entrance to the altar - the resurrection and ascension
into heaven.


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The following prokeimenon singing and sometimes reading the scripture , whereupon - two litany .
The big holidays is the lithium - fervent supplication that takes place outside the temple or in the narthex.
Exit priests from the altar symbolizes Adam's expulsion from Paradise, and expresses our humility

before God and a desire to open the gates of heaven, and the yearning of God for us.

At the end of the lithium choir sings a few stichera and prayer "Nunc Dimittis thy servant, O Lord ..."
( Prayer of St. Simeon). After the prayer "Our Father" Archangel greeting "Hail Mary, Hail" glorified the

Mother of God, or, in a special chant, celebrated the event. (The holidays is the consecration of bread,
wheat, wine and oil). Ends Vespers 33rd psalm and Priest blessing. Recent vespers prayers bring us to

the New Testament events, commemorated at the morning - the second part of the all-night vigil.


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Matins begins angelic hymns, sung at Christmas Savior: "Glory to God, and on earth peace, good will

toward men" ( Luke 2:14. ). Then read the Six Psalms - six selected psalms, and depicting the joyous
state of the human soul, with which the Lord's mercy, and grief of soul, burdened with sins and from God.


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Upon reading the three psalms priest comes out from the altar, and standing before the closed Royal
Gates, 12, reads the morning prayer , asking for God's blessing for the coming day. After the Six Psalms

and the Great Litany Deacon solemnly proclaims: "God is the Lord and has revealed Himself to us:
blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord!" And a few selected verses of the 117th Psalm - and
the chorus repeats after each of them the first verse, announcing to us about the Savior phenomenon.

And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, full of grace and truth; and we beheld His glory, glory
as of the only begotten of the Father ( Jn. 1:14 ). Verses of the psalm , "unto the unto the Lord ..." uttered

during the singing of "God is the Lord ..." depict full of suffering earthly life of the Savior.

See also: Christmas of the Lord God and Savior Jesus Christ (a troparion)


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Next, sung troparion holiday kathisma and read from the book of Psalms . Psalms is divided into 20
departments, which are called Kathisma. Kathisma is divided into three parts ( "Glory"), after reading each

of which is sung small thanksgiving (hence the name - "Glory").

Kathisma in Greek means "seat"; during kathismata reading can sit, but in small doxology to get up .

On the vigil kathisma read two, and after each there are small litany and sedalions - short prayers to mark
the reading kathismata.


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Upon reading the Kathisma begins the most solemn part of the all-night vigil - polyeleos , which means

"great mercy" or "abundance of oil, oil." When all the kindling lamps priest comes from the altar , as the

angel that shall come forth out of the cave of the Holy Sepulcher to proclaim the Resurrection, and burn
incense temple . Incensing that accompanies many other important parts of worship, marks and our

prayers are directed to God with attention and diligence, and the grace of the Holy Spirit overshadows us.

When the priest incenses the faithful, they respond by bowing his head.


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The choir sings the verses of the 134th and the 135th psalm: "Praise the name of the Lord, praise,

Rabbi Lord ...", and under Sunday and Sunday troparia the phenomenon Myrrh-bearers (female students
of the Lord) Angels heralded the Savior's resurrection from the dead: "exceedingly Bearers techahu early
to the tomb, thy Savior, rydayuschyya ... ". And very early on the first day of the week, they came unto the
sepulcher at the rising of the sun, and they said among themselves, Who shall roll us away the stone from

the door of the sepulcher? And when they looked, they saw that the stone was rolled away: for it was very
great. And entering into the sepulcher, they saw a young man sitting on the right side, clothed in a long

white garment; and they were amazed. He said to them, do not be dismayed. You seek Jesus of Nazareth,

who was crucified; He is risen, He is not here. Here is the place where they laid Him ( Mark 16:. 2-6 ).

On holidays and holy days of remembrance is sung glorification celebrated event or saint.


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After the singing of psalms and set troparia glorification or read a passage from the Gospel relating to
the events commemorated . After the reading of the Gospel at Sundays is singing solemn songs of all

believers "Having beheld the Resurrection of Christ, let us worship the Holy Lord Jesus, the only

sinless ..."

Gospel relies on a lectern for worship and veneration of the faithful in memory phenomenon

disciples of the Risen Master and their joyful and reverent worship the Savior. And as they went to tell his

disciples, behold, Jesus met them, saying, All hail! And they came and held him by the feet and worshiped
Him ( Matthew 28: 9. ). The holidays taken out a festive icon.


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During the veneration of the gospel or holiday icon priest anoints the faithful consecrated to Vespers
with oil as a sign of God's mercy; also, if there was a lithium believers distributed particles consecrated

bread and wine in remembrance of the Giver of all good things God for grace to strengthen the forces of

physical and mental (especially needed in the old days, when longer service demanded refreshment for

sustained attention).

Read also: The Beheading of Ioanna Predtechi

This is followed by the canons of reading - prayers dedicated to the glorification of God, the Blessed

Virgin, the saints, or the individual events of sacred and church history. Each canon consists of individual

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parts called songs. After the 8 th song canon sung song of praise of the Blessed Virgin , "My soul

magnifies the Lord ..." with the refrain: "More honorable than the Cherubim and more glorious
beyond compare than the Seraphim ...", which says that the Mother of God, be honor and glory than

even the holy angels. Deacon while singing "Honestly ..." censing of the temple.

After the praises of the canons in psalms and hymns follow the faithful are called upon to praise the love
of God to man. After the exclamation of the priest: "Glory to Thee, for showing us the light" (light

visible, as in ancient times Matins ended at dawn, and spiritual light - the Savior), the choir sings the

great doxology - an ancient hymn praising God for all his gifts and grace. This hymn, composed of
profound and inspired words of the Old and New Testament, was written during the First Christians, this

hymn glorifying the Divine Savior and to protect the name of the Lord Jesus Christ by pagan backbiting. It

is mentioned already in the report of the Christians to the Roman Emperor Trajan (98-117 years. AD), as

well as in the writings of the ancient Christian writers. Even in the ancient treatise "Apostolic Decree" is a
morning prayer, not unlike the Great Doxology.

Ends with the hymn, breathable simplicity and spiritual grandeur of the early Christian times, singing
"Trisagion" - one of the most frequent and important prayers of Christian worship (according to legend,

the first part of it - the angelic doxology "Holy God, Holy Mighty, Holy Immortal" - was heard ascended into

heaven, a Christian boy during the earthquake in the city of Constantinople in V.).

The Exaltation of the Cross holidays (September 14/27) and The Origin of Honest Trees of the Holy Cross

(1/14 of August), as well as in the third Sunday of Lent (Sunday of the Holy Cross) in the "Trisagion" a

solemn removal of priests and the holy cross worship him.

According to the "Trisagion" Sunday troparion is sung or troparion of the feast.

After two litanies, augmented and pleading, and release the chorus asks God to grant many years, the

ruling bishop and all Orthodox Christians. After the morning to read the 1st hour - brief service related
content to the beginning of a new day.

According to the book "All-Night Vigil. Divine Liturgy . Sacraments of the Church, "the publishing house of
the Holy Trinity St. Sergius Lavra

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