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INDUSTRIAL FABRICS Geotube Dewatering Technology

Dewatering Systems

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The Low Cost, High Volume Dewatering Solution

TenCate Geotube dewatering technology has become the method of choice for organisations around the
world. It is used for projects large and small, and theres good reason; simplicity and low cost.

Since Geotube dewatering technology works without belts or gears, there are less moving parts, less wear,
less downtime and less spare parts than in conventional techniques.

TenCate Geotube containers are available in a variety of sizes,


depending on your volume and space requirements. Geotube
systems can even be mounted in mobile roll-off containers that
can be transported around your property as necessary. Its one
of the most versatile dewatering technologies available.

Thereby it is one of the most effective solutions available.


Volume reduction can be as much as 90%, with high solid levels
that make removal and disposal easy.
Sludge before (left) and after (right)
treatment with Geotube
dewatering technology.

1. Filling 2. Dewatering 3. Consolidation

Sludge is pumped into the Clear effluent water simply Solids remain in the bag. Volume
Geotube container. drains from the Geotube reduction can be up to 90%.
Environmentally safe polymers container. Over 99% of solids When full, the Geotube
are added to the sludge, are captured, and clear filtrate container with its contents can be
which make the solids bind can be collected and deposited at a landfill, or the
together and water separate. recirculated through solids removed and land-applied
the system. when appropriate.

2 DEWATERING TECHNOLOGY 3
Environmental Remediation Pulp and Paper
Effective Containment for Large and Small-Scale Projects Multiple Uses
Rivers, bays, harbours, marinas, ports, and dock facilities have been Geotube dewatering technology is used for a variety of applications
collecting contaminated sediments from industrial runoff for many within pulp and paper mills, including:
Case Study years. In many cases, these sediments pose significant environmental
hazards, and remediation is a difficult and expensive task. Primary and secondary lagoon cleanout
Case Study
Fly ash and alum sludge
application Remediate contaminated Marine sediments can be contained Contaminated sediments application Cleanout, Kaskinen Lagoon
bay, North of Porto Marghera and dewatered easily with the Continuous systems clarifier, location Kaskinen, Finland
location Venetian Lagoon, Italy Geotube dewatering technology. sentrate, process waste stream product Geotube Dewatering
product Geotube Dewatering This can be accomplished at or very Process rejects Technology
Technology near the site by utilising a Separation dykes
dewatering basin where Geotube Emergency uses, such as Oy Mets-Botnia Ab is Europes second
North of Porto Maghera (one of the most containers can be stacked several cleanouts, spills, dumps, or largest pulp producer, with pulps ideally
important industrial and commercial ports layers high to minimise the space exceeding discharge limits. suited for the production of high-quality
in Italy), a low lying, tidal inlet area became needed. papers, packaging boards and tissue.
a site for the dumping of industrial waste. The rapidity with which a
Heavy metals, organic compounds and Geotube units can be sized for Dewatered sludge being removed from Geotube dewatering operation Botnias oldest pulp mill, at Kaskinen, had a
radioactive substances have been leached Geotube containers in activated slurry pond with an area of around 40,000 m,
large-scale or smaller applications, a Geotube container with an excavator can be set up, as well as the low
from the wastes into the sediments of the sludge basin at paper plant and the construction of a new landfill required
and effectively contain even investment involved have also
Pili inlet and the Venitian lagoon. This area hazardous materials, reducing their been advantages in paper mill this pond to be emptied. The top 1.5 m of
was remediated for development. 80,000 m3 volume dramatically and saving thousands in disposal costs. applications, particularly in emergency situations where mills ran the slurry was dredged and filled into Geotube
of contaminated sediments from a 50m risk of having to shut down. containers.
wide strip around the edge of the Pili inlet
was excavated. Aggregates were The work was carried out in two stages: In
extracted for reuse. The sediment slurry 2005, around two-thirds of the slurry was
was dewatered using Geotube dredged into Geotube containers and left to
Dewatering Technology. The dewatered consolidate and dewater. Processing of this
solids were disposed of at a nearby landfill difficult slurry was successfully completed
while the effluent water was treated before during the summer of 2006. The water
returning to the Venetian lagoon. discharging from Geotube containers was
monitored, confirming that BOD, COD and
heavy-metal reduction was extremely high.

4 DEWATERING TECHNOLOGY 5
Mining and Mineral Processing Power Generation
Flexible Enough for Available Space A Solution for Fly Ash and Bottom Ash
Mine tailings, coal sludge, and other materials can be managed Power generation by-products such as fly ash and bottom ash
and handled cost-effectively with Geotube dewatering technology. can be a real challenge to remove and manage. But the simple
Case Study Because Geotube containers can be custom-sized to the
application, they can be placed in
technology of Geotubedewatering allows facilities large and
small to easily consolidate these
Case Study
available space between other materials. Because of the low
application Dewatering of Acidic structures, and removed once investment involved you can application Dewatering of Boiler
Mine Tailings dewatering is complete. Geotube always adapt the volume Ash
location Skytop Mountain, USA dewatering technology is a cost- according to your actual needs. location Camden, USA
product Geotube Dewatering effective alternative to mechanical product Geotube Dewatering
Technology processes. It reduces disposal cost Geotube dewatering technology Technology
by consolidating higher solids with safely contains fly ash, preventing
During the construction of I-99 in very little maintenance. airborne particle contamination Geotube dewatering technology was
Pennsylvania, workers unearthed more from windblown ash piles. The ash used for dewatering a lagoon containing
Coal sludge dewatering using
than 540,000 m3 of pyritic rock Effluent can be pumped directly can then be used for road base approximately 3.8 million liters of
Geotube dewatering technology Geotube containers at fossil fuel power
left over from mining. The acid runoff from from the process; or if a clarifier/ applications or even to build boiler ash, with solids 2.6% by dry weight.
this material threatened local streams and plant being used to dewater fly ash. Previous dewatering attempts using a
thickener is used, effluent from the up the berms around a lagoon to
groundwater. The solution: a process underflow can be diverted through the Geotube container, eliminating the increase its capacity. In many fly long stick Trac Hoe were only partially
using Geotube dewatering technology. requirement for an expensive mechanical dewatering device. Geotube ash operations, there is no need to add polymer to the dewatering successful, and the sludge had been laid
units can be used to capture fines, silts, and clays from the tailings effluent process, making it simple and even more cost-effective. up on the bank of the lagoon to dry; not
The pyritic rock is crushed and treated prior to discharge into the ponds or directly into streams. Geotube units an ideal approach.
with a neutralising agent. Acid runoff will separate and dewater the fines and allow disposal without expensive
from this process is collected in sediment dredging and transporting operations. In some cases, conditioners or However, by using Geotube dewatering
ponds, which is treated and pumped polymers are used to promote flocculation to improve solids retention and technology, the facility was able to
through Geotube containers. Water, filtrate quality. remove and dewater practically all the
clear and neutralised, flows from the solids in the lagoon. After 30 days, the
Geotube container without requiring Geotube containers can also be used to utilise the fines to build dykes material had consolidated to 37% solids.
further treatment. and containment berms. It is estimated that this approach saved
the power plant more than $60,000
annually.

6 DEWATERING TECHNOLOGY 7
Water and Wastewater Treatment Light Industrial
For Applications Large and Small Managing an Ongoing Challenge
A common problem at small Sewage Treatment Works, where sludge is For many industrial applications, dewatering is a necessary evil.
dried on drying beds, is that the limited capacity of the beds can easily be It disrupts operations, adds cost, and requires complicated and
Case Study exceeded. This could be due, for example, to an increase in sludge quantity
resulting from an increasing population.
expensive equipment. But this doesnt have to be the case. One
of the real values of Geotube dewatering technology is that it
Case Study
can provide a quick lagoon cleanout solution, or it can add
application Dewatering of Sewage Sludge, The Geotube system is capacity by making drying beds application Dewatering Adhesive
Lithgow Treatment Plant increasingly being used as a means much more efficient. Production Residuals
location New South Wales, Australia of both simplifying the sludge location Panama City, FL
product Geotube Dewatering dewatering process and effectively In some cases, companies have product Geotube Dewatering
Technology increasing the volume of the drying dewatered the material in their Technology
beds. Whereas in the past the lagoons using Geotube
Geotube dewatering technology was used drying beds had to be emptied at dewatering technology, then used The residual material left over from
to contain and dewater about 4,000 m3 of regular intervals, the time for a the solid-filled Geotube Arizona Chemicals adhesive production
sewage sludge from Lithgow City Councils complete fill of the Geotube unit containers as berms. Since process contains inorganic compounds
Sewage Treatment Plant sludge lagoon. can be increased to several months. they can be stacked on top of each and is too abrasive to dewater with a
The lagoon bottom sludge has been A significant saving can therefore Geotube unit in municipal other, you can use them to further belt press. Geotube dewatering
consolidated for many years and required a be made in terms of handling and wastewater treatment drying beds. add capacity to the lagoons. technology proved a more effective
cutter suction type dredger to excavate and transportation. With Geotube containers you can solution.
pump sludge to the Geotube unit. improve the dewatering efficiency. Water draining from a Geotube
After the sludge has been treated with a flocculant it is pumped into Dewatered solids are protected The dewatered cake solids from
container.
Solids were pumped at about 4% content by the Geotube unit where the sediments remain and the water seeps through from becoming saturated again in Geotube dewatering technology far
weight. When the Geotube unit reached the pores of the tube. This process can be repeated over and over again wet weather. exceeded any other form of dewatering
the design height limit, pumping was until the Geotube unit reaches its maximum level. previously utilized. This increase in
switched to an adjacent Geotube unit efficiency saved 38% over belt press
while the filled Geotube unit was left to Larger Wastewater Treatment plants can also utilise the Geotube system dewateringplus a 50% reduction in
dewater. The Geotube units were refilled for sludge containment and dewatering as an alternative to belt-presses time to complete the job. Because the
and dewatered until the contained solid and/or centrifuges. It can also be used as an emergency kit if the available dewatering efficiency was so much
contents reached about 15%. The Geotube dewatering units are out of order. greater and the cake solids drier, there
units were then left to consolidate to about was a 40% reduction in disposal costs.
30% before the unit was cut opened and the
dewatered sludge excavated for disposal.

8 DEWATERING TECHNOLOGY 9
Agriculture Aquaculture
For animal wastes and agricultural process sludges Simple, Cost-Effective Waste Removal for Applications
Large and Small all over the world
Geotube dewatering technology is an effective way for managing waste
from animal feeding operations. It works for lagoon cleanout and closure, Geotube technology is used all over the planet. In the USA it has even
Case Study and manages nutrients very effectively (over 90% phosphorous and heavy
metal removal; 50% or greater nitrogen reduction). It also controls odour and
been approved as a Best Management Practice for Aquaculture by the
State of North Carolina, Geotube dewatering technology works for
Test Your Material
produces irrigation quality effluent water. fresh water or marine finfish, shrimp, and other aquatic species. It
application Dewatering of Palm Oil A simple bench-scale test can determine
simplifies the process for water
Mill Effluent Sludge if Geotube dewatering technology is right
In a country with severe rules and recirculation, and retains more
location Selangor, Malaysia for your application.
legislations as the USA, Geotube than 99% of suspended solids.
product Geotube Dewatering dewatering technology is
Technology Our Geotube Dewatering Test (GDT) uses
designated as a Practice Standard. Geotube dewatering technology
an actual sample of the material you need
reduces nutrient loading in filtrate.
Palm oil mill effluent (POME) generally has dewatered. The results from this test have
Many economies in Asia are It can be used continuously or
high organic content and needs to have the been proven to be an accurate indicator of
dependent on agriculture. Large intermittently year-round in most
biological oxygen demand (BOD) reduced how Geotube dewatering technology will
scale plantations like palm oil, etc. climates. It is ideal for lagoon,
in lagoons over time, prior to discharge to work in full-scale operation. You can
have on-site integrated processing retention pond, and filter waste
the environment. Sludge accumulated effectively estimate effluent quality, solids,
facilities which generate significant applications. It can be used for
needs to be removed from these lagoons and dewatering rates.
quantities of effluent wastes that cage waste removal, benthic table
from time to time. Geotube dewatering technology used Aquaculture benthic deposit water
are digested in lagoons. Geotube waste cleanup, recirculation
inline keeps your operation running. before and after Geotube treatment. See your Geotube representative to
Dewatering Technology are ideal for waste removal for hatcheries, and
The conventional approach adopted by mill schedule a test for your material.
cleaning out sludge lagoons and processing plant waste
operators is to dewater the sludge using dewatering. The dewatered biosolids can be composted for use as fertilisers dewatering. Dewatered solids can be land applied or disposed of in a
mobile filter presses or mobile decanter
units which generally involve high capital
in the plantations. landfill. See Our Presentation
expenditure and maintenance costs. Geotube dewatering technology is a proven technology. It offers To learn more about this technology, we
Geotube dewatering technology was secure solutions that have been tested by many institutions world wide. invite you to look at our CD presentation,
chosen in this facility in Selangor, Malaysia More importantly, Geotube dewatering technology has been used in which provides detailed information. We
as the dewatering option as it was more the field with solid success in many countries around the globe. can even schedule lunch and learn
economical than the conventional solution.
sessions for larger groups.

10 DEWATERING TECHNOLOGY 11
TenCate develops and produces materials that function to increase
performance, reduce cost and deliver measurable results by working
with our customers to provide advanced solutions.

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TenCate Geosynthetics Asia Sdn Bhd TenCate Geosynthetics North America TenCate Geosynthetics Netherlands bv
14 Jalan Sementa 27/91 Seksyen 27 365 South Holland Drive Hoge Dijkje 2
40400 Shah Alam Pendergrass P.O. Box 9
Selangor Darul Ehsan Georgia 30567 7440 AA Nijverdal
Malaysia United States of America The Netherlands
Tel: +60 3 5192 8568 Tel: +1 706 693 2226 Tel: +31 546 544475
Fax: +60 3 5192 8575 Fax: +1 706 693 4400 Fax: +31 546 544490
Email: info.asia@tencate.com Email: marketing.info@tencate.com Email: geotube@tencate.com

TenCate Geotube is registered trademark of Royal Ten Cate. This information contained herein is to the best of our knowledge accurate, but since the circumstances and conditions in which it may be used
are beyond our control we do not accept any liability for any loss or damage, however arising, which results directly or indirectly from use of such information nor do we offer any warranty or immunity
against patent infringement.