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Patterns and algebra Test A Name: ___________________________

Section A Multiple Choice

1 What can m 5 f be simplified to? B 4 The formula used by the algebra C


A m 5 f machine to complete this table is:
B m 5f
a b
C f 5m
m 5 f 2 9
D
E m5 f 3 10
4 11
2 The number which is missing from the C 5 12
following table with the rule add three 6 13
to each input number is: A b a4
Input Output B b a7
2 5 C b a7
5 8 D b 4a
9 12 E b 7a
10
5 The formula used by the algebra E
12 15
machine to complete this table is:
20 23
m y
A 3
2 5
B 9
C 13 5 11
D 30 8 17
E 103 12 25
15 31
3 The number which is missing from the A A y m2
following table with the rule multiply B y 2m 2
each input number by 2 then subtract 2 C y 2m
is: D y 2m 1
Input Output E y 2m 1
1 0
2 2 6 If h 3 is substituted into the formula A
4 6 k 4h 3 then:
A k=9
5
B k=4
8 14 C k = 10
10 18 D k = 15
A 8 E k=8
B 10
C 12
D 14
E 16

Chapter 5 Patterns and algebra Test A 1


7 If t = 6 is substituted into the formula C 13 The expression 7m 12m 3m can be B
w 4(t 1) then: simplified to:
A w = 25 A 15m
B w=9 B 16m
C w = 20 C 22m
D w = 17 D 16mmm
E w=6 E 16mm

8 Among the options given below, the E 14 The expression 4ab 3h 2ab h can D
expression is: be simplified to:
A 4t A 8abh
B y 3m 2 B 10abh
C 17p C 6ab + 4h
D 2m 6 j 3 D 6ab + 2h
E 4 w 3l 2 p E 8ab 2h

9 The equation below which has three B


terms is:
A 4m 7 y
B r 4h 14
C 6v 9 j 18w
D m 2p
E 4 + 8 + 13

10 The expression below which represents D


4 times a number and 2 more is:
A 4n2
B 2n 4
C 4n2
D 4n 2
E 4n 2

11 The term below which is a like term for E


8a is:
A 8
B 8ab
C 16
D 4abc
E 3a

12 The term below which is not a like term C


for 5mp is:
A 12mp
B mp
C 5m
D 98pm
E 6pm

Chapter 5 Patterns and algebra Test A 2


Patterns and algebra Test A Name: ___________________________

Section B Short/Extended answer

1 Complete the following tables using the rule 6


given.
(a) Add four to each input number.
(a)
Input Output Input Output
1 1 5 (1 + 4 = 5)
2 2 6 (2 + 4 = 6)
5 5 9 (5 + 4 = 9)
8 8 12 (8 + 4 = 12)
12 12 16 (12 + 4 = 16)
35 35 39 (35 + 4 = 39)

(b) Subtract nine from each input number. (b)

Input Output Input Output


12 12 3 (12 - 9 = 3)
20 20 11 (20 - 9 = 11)
54
54 45 (54 - 9 = 45)
50
50 41 (50 - 9 = 41)
31
31 22 (31 - 9 = 22)
86
86 77 (86 - 9 = 77)
2 Complete the following tables using the two 9
step rules given.
(a) Add 5 to each input number, then multiply
by 3.
(a)
Input Output
8 Input Output
4 8 39 (8 + 5) 3 = 39)
15 4 27 (4 + 5) 3 = 27
39 15 60 (15 + 5) 3 = 60
22 39 132 (39 + 5) 3 = 132
40 22 81 (22 + 5) 3 = 81
40 135 (40 + 5) 3 = 135
(b) Multiply each input number by 4 and then
subtract 1.
(b)
Input Output
15 Input Output
6 15 59 4 15 1 = 59
28 6 23 4 6 1 = 24
74 28 111 4 28 1 = 111
20 74 295 4 74 1 = 295
36 20 79 4 20 1 = 79
36 143 4 36 1 = 143
(c) Divide each input number by 2 and then add
5.

Input Output
58 (c)
16
42 Input Output
8 58 34 58 2 + 5 = 34
21 16 13 16 2 + 5 = 13
15 42 26 42 2 + 5 = 26
6 8 (8 5) 2 = 6
32 21 (21 5) 2 = 32
20 15 (15 5) 2 = 20

3 Rewrite the following formulas, leaving out the 5


multiplication sign.
(a) f m r (a) f mr
(b) t a 7 (b) t 7a
(c) y 9 e 3 (c) y 9e 3
(d) k 3 h m 2 (d) k 3h 2m
(e) 8 t 15 d (e) 8t 15 d
4 Complete the formula for the following tables. 2
(a) (a) 20 = 4 + 16
h m 28 = 12 + 16
4 20 23 = 7 + 16
12 28 47 = 31 + 16
36 = 20 + 16
7 23
Therefore: m h 16
31 47
20 36
m h _
(b) 0 = 2 5 10
(b)
98 = 2 54 10
k y
46 = 2 28 10
5 0
18 = 2 14 10
54 98
50 = 2 60 10
28 46 Therefore: y 2 k 10
14 18
30 50
y 2k _

5 Find the formula for the following tables. 4


(a) (a) 11 = 3 + 8
m g 20 = 21 + 8
3 11 16 = 8 + 8
12 20 50 = 42 + 8
27 = 19 + 8
8 16
Therefore: g m 8
42 50
19 27
(b) 60 = 2 12 4
(b) 20 = 2 12 4
c t 12 = 2 8 4
32 60 26 = 2 15 4
12 20 40 = 2 22 4
8 12 Therefore: t 2c 4
15 26
22 40
6 Use the rule to complete the table in each case. 10
(a) p m 17 (a)
m p m p
2 2 19 2 + 17 = 19
15 15 32 15 + 17 = 32
9 9 26 9 + 17 = 26
37 37 54 37 + 17 = 54
25 25 42 25 + 17 = 42

(b) h 4 y 2 (b)
y h y h
7 7 30 4 7 + 2 = 30
12 12 50 4 12 + 2 = 50
5 5 22 4 5 + 2 = 22
18
18 74 4 18 + 2 = 74
22
22 90 4 22 + 2 = 90

7 Substitute the given values into the formula 4


n t 3 to find the value of n in each case.
(a) t = 4 (a) n t 3
n 43
n 1

(b) n t 3
(b) t = 11 n 11 3
n 8

(c) n t 3
(c) t = 35 n 35 3
n 32

(d) n t 3
n 51 3
(d) t = 51
n 48
8 Substitute the given values into the formula 8
y 8m 3 to find the value of y in each case.
(a) m = 4 (a) y 8m 3
y 8 4 3
y 32 3
y 29

(b) y 8m 3
(b) m = 7 y 8 7 3
y 56 3
y 53

(c) y 8m 3
y 8 15 3
(c) m = 15 y 120 3
y 117

(d) y 8m 3
y 8 63 3
y 504 3
(d) m = 63
y 501

9 Write an example of each of the following Examples of answers are: 3


(a) an expression (a) 4x + 3y 7
(b) an equation (b) q = 4r + 6
(c) a term. (c) 7a
Answers will vary.

10 Answer true or false for each of the statements 6


below.
(a) 5m is an expression (a) False
(b) 4pt is a term (b) True
(c) y = 8h 7 is an equation (c) True
(d) 4h + 6ty 8m is an expression (d) True
(e) 3fg 8 is a term (e) False
(f) 127ghy is an expression (f) False
11 Write an expression for the following, using h 5
to represent the number.
(a) Three times the number (a) 3h
(b) Eight less than the number (b) h8
(c) Six more than the number (c) h+6
(d) The sum of the number and fifteen (d) h + 15
(e) Half the number (e) h 2

12 If p, g and m represent any three numbers, 6


write an expression for the following:
(a) the sum of the three numbers (a) p + g + m
(b) the difference between p and g (b) p g
(c) 6 less than m (c) m 6
(d) the product of the three numbers (d) pgm
(e) the sum of p and m and 16 (e) p + m + 16
(f) half of the sum of g and m. (f) (g + m) 2

13 Write these statements as expressions. 8


(a) The number of goals if Mark kicked d goals (a) 6d
in each of 6 games
(b) The cost of y bags of lollies if each bag (b) 2y
costs $2
(c) The number of boys in a class of t students (c) t g
if there are g girls
(d) The total number on a committee if there (d) M + F
are M men and F women

14 Write an expression for each of the following. 14


(a) 7 subtracted from J (a) J7
(b) 8 added to K (b) K+8
(c) the product of 12 and H (c) 12H
(d) the sum of L, H and B (d) L+H+B
(e) half of R (e) R 2
(f) E multiplied by 7 (f) 7E
(g) C subtracted from 149 (g) 149 C

15 Pair the like terms from each column. 3


6f 12 k 6f 7f
3y 4mp 3y 2y
2k 7f 2k 12k
3mp 18 3mp 4mp
7 3h 7 18
14h 2y 14h 3h
16 Write two like terms for each of the following. 5
(a) 3p (a) 4p, 3p
(b) 41h (b) 10h, 25h
(c) 5eg (c) eg, 8eg
(d) 126x (d) 52x, 7x
(e) 78 (e) 20, 102
Answers will vary.

17 Simplify the following expressions by adding or 5


subtracting like terms.
(a) 3m 8m (a) 3m + 8m = 11m
(b) 12h 7h 3h (b) 12h + 7h + 3h = 19h + 3h
= 22h
(c) 42 y 8 y (c) 42y 8y = 34y
(d) 16kp 3kp (d) 16kp + 3kp = 19kp
(e) 14r 3r 7r (e) 14r 3r + 7r = 11r + 7r
= 18r

18 Simplify the following expressions where 7


possible.
(a) 7t 3t t (a) 7t 3t t
11t

(b) 13e 6e 7 (b) 13e 6e 7


7e 7

(c) 7ty 8k 5ty (c) 7ty 8k 5ty


12ty 8k

(d) 14ab 3d 5ab 2d


(d) 14ab 3d 5ab 2d 14ab 5ab 3d 2d
19ab d

(e) 18 4 f 13 f 8 6hm
18 8 4 f 13 f 6hm
(e) 18 4 f 13 f 8 6hm
10 17 f 6hm
19 Simplify the following expressions first, and 8
then find the value of the expression if g = 4.
(a) 7 g 9 g (a) 7g 9g
16 g
16 4
64

(b) 12 g 8 g 5
(b) 12 g 8 g 5 4g 5
( 4 4) 5
16 5
21

(c) 14 g g
(c) 14g g 13 g
13 4
52

(d) 3 5 g 3 g 6
3 6 5 g 3g
(d) 3 5g 3g 6
9 8g
9 (8 4)
9 32
41
20 Irving the Interesting, found himself seated at a 8
table with a box of toothpicks and he began to
arrange them in a pattern.

(a) and (b)


(a) Draw up a table with two columns, one
headed (S) for the number of squares S T
formed, and one headed (T) for the number
of toothpicks used. 1 4
2 7
(b) From the diagram above, count the number 3 10
of toothpicks used and complete the table 4 13
for one to four squares.
(c) 4 = 1 3 + 1
(c) Study the table and determine the rule which 7=23+1
connects S and T. 10 = 3 3 + 1
13 = 4 3 + 1
Therefore T = 3S + 1

(d) T 3S 1
(d) Use this rule to discover how many T 3 12 1
toothpicks would be needed to make
T 36 1
12 squares.
T 37

37 toothpicks would be needed to make 12


squares.