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You are on page 1of 11

A m 5 f machine to complete this table is:

B m 5f

a b

C f 5m

m 5 f 2 9

D

E m5 f 3 10

4 11

2 The number which is missing from the C 5 12

following table with the rule add three 6 13

to each input number is: A b a4

Input Output B b a7

2 5 C b a7

5 8 D b 4a

9 12 E b 7a

10

5 The formula used by the algebra E

12 15

machine to complete this table is:

20 23

m y

A 3

2 5

B 9

C 13 5 11

D 30 8 17

E 103 12 25

15 31

3 The number which is missing from the A A y m2

following table with the rule multiply B y 2m 2

each input number by 2 then subtract 2 C y 2m

is: D y 2m 1

Input Output E y 2m 1

1 0

2 2 6 If h 3 is substituted into the formula A

4 6 k 4h 3 then:

A k=9

5

B k=4

8 14 C k = 10

10 18 D k = 15

A 8 E k=8

B 10

C 12

D 14

E 16

7 If t = 6 is substituted into the formula C 13 The expression 7m 12m 3m can be B

w 4(t 1) then: simplified to:

A w = 25 A 15m

B w=9 B 16m

C w = 20 C 22m

D w = 17 D 16mmm

E w=6 E 16mm

8 Among the options given below, the E 14 The expression 4ab 3h 2ab h can D

expression is: be simplified to:

A 4t A 8abh

B y 3m 2 B 10abh

C 17p C 6ab + 4h

D 2m 6 j 3 D 6ab + 2h

E 4 w 3l 2 p E 8ab 2h

terms is:

A 4m 7 y

B r 4h 14

C 6v 9 j 18w

D m 2p

E 4 + 8 + 13

4 times a number and 2 more is:

A 4n2

B 2n 4

C 4n2

D 4n 2

E 4n 2

8a is:

A 8

B 8ab

C 16

D 4abc

E 3a

for 5mp is:

A 12mp

B mp

C 5m

D 98pm

E 6pm

Patterns and algebra Test A Name: ___________________________

given.

(a) Add four to each input number.

(a)

Input Output Input Output

1 1 5 (1 + 4 = 5)

2 2 6 (2 + 4 = 6)

5 5 9 (5 + 4 = 9)

8 8 12 (8 + 4 = 12)

12 12 16 (12 + 4 = 16)

35 35 39 (35 + 4 = 39)

12 12 3 (12 - 9 = 3)

20 20 11 (20 - 9 = 11)

54

54 45 (54 - 9 = 45)

50

50 41 (50 - 9 = 41)

31

31 22 (31 - 9 = 22)

86

86 77 (86 - 9 = 77)

2 Complete the following tables using the two 9

step rules given.

(a) Add 5 to each input number, then multiply

by 3.

(a)

Input Output

8 Input Output

4 8 39 (8 + 5) 3 = 39)

15 4 27 (4 + 5) 3 = 27

39 15 60 (15 + 5) 3 = 60

22 39 132 (39 + 5) 3 = 132

40 22 81 (22 + 5) 3 = 81

40 135 (40 + 5) 3 = 135

(b) Multiply each input number by 4 and then

subtract 1.

(b)

Input Output

15 Input Output

6 15 59 4 15 1 = 59

28 6 23 4 6 1 = 24

74 28 111 4 28 1 = 111

20 74 295 4 74 1 = 295

36 20 79 4 20 1 = 79

36 143 4 36 1 = 143

(c) Divide each input number by 2 and then add

5.

Input Output

58 (c)

16

42 Input Output

8 58 34 58 2 + 5 = 34

21 16 13 16 2 + 5 = 13

15 42 26 42 2 + 5 = 26

6 8 (8 5) 2 = 6

32 21 (21 5) 2 = 32

20 15 (15 5) 2 = 20

multiplication sign.

(a) f m r (a) f mr

(b) t a 7 (b) t 7a

(c) y 9 e 3 (c) y 9e 3

(d) k 3 h m 2 (d) k 3h 2m

(e) 8 t 15 d (e) 8t 15 d

4 Complete the formula for the following tables. 2

(a) (a) 20 = 4 + 16

h m 28 = 12 + 16

4 20 23 = 7 + 16

12 28 47 = 31 + 16

36 = 20 + 16

7 23

Therefore: m h 16

31 47

20 36

m h _

(b) 0 = 2 5 10

(b)

98 = 2 54 10

k y

46 = 2 28 10

5 0

18 = 2 14 10

54 98

50 = 2 60 10

28 46 Therefore: y 2 k 10

14 18

30 50

y 2k _

(a) (a) 11 = 3 + 8

m g 20 = 21 + 8

3 11 16 = 8 + 8

12 20 50 = 42 + 8

27 = 19 + 8

8 16

Therefore: g m 8

42 50

19 27

(b) 60 = 2 12 4

(b) 20 = 2 12 4

c t 12 = 2 8 4

32 60 26 = 2 15 4

12 20 40 = 2 22 4

8 12 Therefore: t 2c 4

15 26

22 40

6 Use the rule to complete the table in each case. 10

(a) p m 17 (a)

m p m p

2 2 19 2 + 17 = 19

15 15 32 15 + 17 = 32

9 9 26 9 + 17 = 26

37 37 54 37 + 17 = 54

25 25 42 25 + 17 = 42

(b) h 4 y 2 (b)

y h y h

7 7 30 4 7 + 2 = 30

12 12 50 4 12 + 2 = 50

5 5 22 4 5 + 2 = 22

18

18 74 4 18 + 2 = 74

22

22 90 4 22 + 2 = 90

n t 3 to find the value of n in each case.

(a) t = 4 (a) n t 3

n 43

n 1

(b) n t 3

(b) t = 11 n 11 3

n 8

(c) n t 3

(c) t = 35 n 35 3

n 32

(d) n t 3

n 51 3

(d) t = 51

n 48

8 Substitute the given values into the formula 8

y 8m 3 to find the value of y in each case.

(a) m = 4 (a) y 8m 3

y 8 4 3

y 32 3

y 29

(b) y 8m 3

(b) m = 7 y 8 7 3

y 56 3

y 53

(c) y 8m 3

y 8 15 3

(c) m = 15 y 120 3

y 117

(d) y 8m 3

y 8 63 3

y 504 3

(d) m = 63

y 501

(a) an expression (a) 4x + 3y 7

(b) an equation (b) q = 4r + 6

(c) a term. (c) 7a

Answers will vary.

below.

(a) 5m is an expression (a) False

(b) 4pt is a term (b) True

(c) y = 8h 7 is an equation (c) True

(d) 4h + 6ty 8m is an expression (d) True

(e) 3fg 8 is a term (e) False

(f) 127ghy is an expression (f) False

11 Write an expression for the following, using h 5

to represent the number.

(a) Three times the number (a) 3h

(b) Eight less than the number (b) h8

(c) Six more than the number (c) h+6

(d) The sum of the number and fifteen (d) h + 15

(e) Half the number (e) h 2

write an expression for the following:

(a) the sum of the three numbers (a) p + g + m

(b) the difference between p and g (b) p g

(c) 6 less than m (c) m 6

(d) the product of the three numbers (d) pgm

(e) the sum of p and m and 16 (e) p + m + 16

(f) half of the sum of g and m. (f) (g + m) 2

(a) The number of goals if Mark kicked d goals (a) 6d

in each of 6 games

(b) The cost of y bags of lollies if each bag (b) 2y

costs $2

(c) The number of boys in a class of t students (c) t g

if there are g girls

(d) The total number on a committee if there (d) M + F

are M men and F women

(a) 7 subtracted from J (a) J7

(b) 8 added to K (b) K+8

(c) the product of 12 and H (c) 12H

(d) the sum of L, H and B (d) L+H+B

(e) half of R (e) R 2

(f) E multiplied by 7 (f) 7E

(g) C subtracted from 149 (g) 149 C

6f 12 k 6f 7f

3y 4mp 3y 2y

2k 7f 2k 12k

3mp 18 3mp 4mp

7 3h 7 18

14h 2y 14h 3h

16 Write two like terms for each of the following. 5

(a) 3p (a) 4p, 3p

(b) 41h (b) 10h, 25h

(c) 5eg (c) eg, 8eg

(d) 126x (d) 52x, 7x

(e) 78 (e) 20, 102

Answers will vary.

subtracting like terms.

(a) 3m 8m (a) 3m + 8m = 11m

(b) 12h 7h 3h (b) 12h + 7h + 3h = 19h + 3h

= 22h

(c) 42 y 8 y (c) 42y 8y = 34y

(d) 16kp 3kp (d) 16kp + 3kp = 19kp

(e) 14r 3r 7r (e) 14r 3r + 7r = 11r + 7r

= 18r

possible.

(a) 7t 3t t (a) 7t 3t t

11t

7e 7

12ty 8k

(d) 14ab 3d 5ab 2d 14ab 5ab 3d 2d

19ab d

(e) 18 4 f 13 f 8 6hm

18 8 4 f 13 f 6hm

(e) 18 4 f 13 f 8 6hm

10 17 f 6hm

19 Simplify the following expressions first, and 8

then find the value of the expression if g = 4.

(a) 7 g 9 g (a) 7g 9g

16 g

16 4

64

(b) 12 g 8 g 5

(b) 12 g 8 g 5 4g 5

( 4 4) 5

16 5

21

(c) 14 g g

(c) 14g g 13 g

13 4

52

(d) 3 5 g 3 g 6

3 6 5 g 3g

(d) 3 5g 3g 6

9 8g

9 (8 4)

9 32

41

20 Irving the Interesting, found himself seated at a 8

table with a box of toothpicks and he began to

arrange them in a pattern.

(a) Draw up a table with two columns, one

headed (S) for the number of squares S T

formed, and one headed (T) for the number

of toothpicks used. 1 4

2 7

(b) From the diagram above, count the number 3 10

of toothpicks used and complete the table 4 13

for one to four squares.

(c) 4 = 1 3 + 1

(c) Study the table and determine the rule which 7=23+1

connects S and T. 10 = 3 3 + 1

13 = 4 3 + 1

Therefore T = 3S + 1

(d) T 3S 1

(d) Use this rule to discover how many T 3 12 1

toothpicks would be needed to make

T 36 1

12 squares.

T 37

squares.

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