You are on page 1of 13

VOLUME-3 ISSUE-1 JANUARY 2008

www.cppr.in

An e-journal from Centre for Public Policy Research

MINDTEXT
MINDTEXT is published by CENTRE FOR PUBLIC POLICY RESEARCH Nadakavu Post, Vaikom Road, Cochin Kerala, India - 682 307 Editorial Team : Aneish, Lekha, Kalpana, Seppi, Vinu and D.Dhanuraj ( e-mail: mindtext@gmail.com) Design/Layout :Kalpana MINDTEXT is published each month and distributed free of cost. For subscription, written requests should be addressed to mindtext@gmail.com Centre for Public Policy Research endeavours in areas like research promotion, knowledge dissemination, capacity building, grass roots initiatives etc. This, the Centre believes, would be a humble beginning towards its larger efforts aimed at the creation of an equitable, socially just and environmentally sound state enriched by democratic and secular principles. It is our firm belief that each citizen has a vital role to play towards the accomplishment of these tasks. The Centre has a pool of talents from various parts of the country. They are assisted by the experts and luminaries in the respective fields. The Centre acknowledges and appreciates the value of an individual in his own area of activity and commitment to the society at large. The Centre looks forward to the guidance and support from each individual to accomplish its mission. Articles or extracts from the CPPR material may be freely used elsewhere provided acknowledgment of their source is made. For other articles appearing in the journal, permission to republish other than for the use of review must be sought from the author. Views expressed in any signed article appearing in the MINDTEXT do not necessarily represent those of the Centre for Public Policy Research and CPPR accept no responsibility for them. Authors own responsibilty for their articles.

Editorial Review Raw
You have got mail I’ll call you back!

Reality Check
* Social Worker’s Bitter Gall ** Use of Information and Communication Technology and Life Long Learning Policy and Management in India: Creating a Knowledge Based Society

Reflections
My life...

Sidelines

Dead End

EDITORIAL

Two roads diverged in a wood, and II took the one less traveled by, And that has made all the difference…

Aaarambh
Robert Frost (The Road Not Taken)

New Year's day is characterized by new resolutions and renewed decisions. Spirits are on high with 2008 having entered in all its vigour. There are generally two types of responses to the advent of a new year. One group chooses to forget the past and looks forward to a new beginning. The second group chooses to remember and reflect on the past so as not to repeat the mistakes. Which of the two is right or wrong is irrelevant here and such judgments would not be justified. However there is a third upcoming group. This group reflects on the past, both successes and failures, learns from it and emerges stronger and wiser. This group unlike the second chooses not to focus on the mistakes but rather looks ahead to a bright future. It gives this group the strength to enter a “less traveled road”. Such a category of persons are constantly progressive; growing and working for the fulfillment of its goals by taking steps towards unknown areas and challenging situations. Centre for Public Policy Research belongs to such a group. Learning from the past, CPPR's growth is a result of constant focus on 'measurable outcomes' and creative solutions for change. The year 2007 reflects the Centre's hard efforts towards facilitating solutions to change in society. Over the past one year the CPPR family has grown immensely taking into its fold students from various fields including social work, law, business administration and others. The Centre now welcomes the known yet unknown future with excitement and renewed strength and confidence. This strength of Team CPPR reflects the dedication and commitment of the group of visionaries who founded CPPR with the vision to bring about change in society by addressing various social issues confronting humanity. Working long continuous hours, often burning the midnight oil, the Board has put in all its efforts to the Centre's activities by managing to balance both their individual interests and commitments to the Centre. CPPR's marked growth is also attributed to the contributions of all members of Team CPPR and inputs provided by Mind Text's readers and well wishers. The Centre looks forward to a year of larger commitments in terms of human resource, wider coverage of the activities of the Centre and also leadership responsibilities at both the national and international level. Mind Text too welcomes Year 2008 with a bang!! Aiming to address a wide area of policy related issues, MT encourages youth to think, write and speak on things happening around them. The January issue of MT is an encore of topics included in the various sections like reality checks, reflections, raw and sidelines. We consider this edition as sacred, as we welcome the new year with it. It's time for new beginnings and fresh resolutions. Hal Borland rightly said “Year's end is neither an end nor a beginning but a going on, with all the wisdom that experience can instill in us.” Wish you all a very blessed new year 2008! Enjoy Mind Text and don't forget to write a text for Mind Text! Put your mind into text this year with Mind Text! Wish you all a happy reading! Kalpana Sudheer Editor

MINDTEXT | Volume-3 Issue-1 |January 2008

BID ADIEU TO 2007
Compiled by the Editorial Committee

The year 2007 has been a wonderful year for the Centre for Public Policy Research. The Centre has crossed many milestones in this year and for the first time, it has full time staff members and others associated with it. A spurt of activities started with a project on livelihood in June, though the discussion started in the month of April itself. It has developed into a well- knit team comprising of a Program Manager, Research Scholars, Strategic Management Advisor, Resource and Development manager, Project Coordinator (Livelihoods), Program Associate, Communication associate and an Editorial Committee for Mind Text. In 2007 the Centre launched the management training program and partnered with Rang Sanskruti. It have also been selected as Changeloomers for the year 200708. Rather than looking at the end result, the Centre can be proud of this achievement itself.
MINDTEXT | Volume-3 Issue-1 |January 2008

The year 2007 saw the Centre's involvement in a wide range of activities. It started working very closely with FnF with Dhanuraj, the Chairman of CPPR visiting Germany in May following which another three followed suit; Antony, Caroline and Seppi. In May, Dhanuraj and Jithin attended the National Summit of RTI Activists held at Pune. Dhanuraj represented CPPR in the Katmandu meeting that was held in the month of March; Dawson and Roji attended the Colombo Program in August. Taking a lead Roji attended YLDA summit held in Jakarta in November. Madhu attended LSS in Bangalore and Caroline attended CFW in Mumbai. Dhanuraj represented CPPR in the September FnF strategy meeting. In December, three Board members of CPPR, Roji, Antony and Dhanuraj attended “Moderators Training Workshop” in Delhi where Dhanuraj was unanimously selected to head LYF India Preparatory committee while Roji was elected as the Network Manager of LYF India. Jithin presented a paper on Right to Information and Development at a National Conference held in Rajagiri College of Social Sciences, Cochin on the 5th of December 2007. Other works of the Centre included research papers that were produced on education, research and compilation of the documentary, “Justice V R Krishna Iyer the living legend.” The documentary was released in a grand ceremony attended by the Chief Minister of Kerala. Public meetings were conducted on various topics regularly. Tea Time Chats were well received as always. The Centre conducted several RTI programs and public meetings in the year 2007. The work with Centre for Civil Society has reached new heights with the Centre becoming a very active partner to CCS. The various networking tools like the Centre's website and Mind Text have improved a lot over the months. Law, Liberty and Livelihood Project (L3 project) has been the main stay of the Centre this year. Let us celebrate these achievements together and look forward to the New Year with renewed vigor and anticipation. This is a journey that shall be unstoppable...

R
MINDTEXT | Volume-2 Issue-11 |January 2008 2007 Volume-3 Issue-13 | November Issue-1 |January 2008

W A
I'll call you later...
T. V. Vinu Vipin Vishnu I have this habit of pondering over the usage of some phrases commonly used in casual communication whether over the phone or in writing. I have already dealt with "Take Care", but of late, the phrase which has been stalking me happens to be "Can I call you back?". I am not challenging the English language but once again I would say that this phrase is senseless as far as it concerns me. "Can I call you back?". It is well and good if two people are having an official / business conversation but between friends, it is not something of significance. What would the person, who puts up this question, do or say if the person at the other end bluntly replies "No!!". I dont think anyone would've faced this situation but I guess it would be fun to try it out, just to find out what impact it has on the user of "Can I...". I have been tormented by this phrase almost each time I call up a friend. At times I do understand that my friend might be busy, but then he / she can plainly say "I'm busy. Will call you back later." or not pick up the phone at all (thats what I do). Its not that I wouldn't answer their call or something if they call me some other time. But they use "Can I...." as a substitute for conveying that they are busy or it may be even to tell me, in an indirect way, that my calls will not be entertained. The crux of this whole article is that even though the person asks me whether he / she can call me back and I do give a positive reply, more often than not, the call that I await, never comes.

You Have Got Mail!
Every time, though not often, when the postman rings the doorbell, there is a whole lot of excitement and curiosity. This, I never experience when I get a mail or an sms. It always exited me whenever a letter was delivered at our address. There would be that anticipation and fervor, till was torn open. All of us would gather and my mother would read it aloud. It was not just a piece of paper…it had a voice of its own, it had emotions. It was read, reread and kept safely in a draw as if it was a proud possession. Times change and so did postal mail. E-mail and sms replaced “snail” mail. Last time I was in a nearby post office and I was really happy to see the letterbox, the inland-letters, the postcards, and the stamps… I felt nostalgic. I had a letter with me, to be sent to one of my good friends. I could find that a lot had changed in the post office too. Neatly furnished and looking modern. Even the wall-clock at the post office was a digital one. And the post-office had become “computerized”, the reason I believe, that a computer was kept at the clerk's desk. I neatly folded the letter and put it into an envelope. Wrote the address and reached for the counter. The man at the counter was nearing his retirement age, I guess. I showed him the address written on the envelope and asked how much it would cost me. He took the envelope, adjusted his spectacles, read the address and then kept it in a digital weighing machine. He gave me a take-it-orleave-it look and said, “twenty two rupees”. I handed him a 50rupee note. He took the note and the envelope and sat in front of the computer. Adjusted his chair and then his spectacles. Looked at the keyboard and then at the monitor. Caught the mouse by his right hand, concentrated for a few seconds and then gave a mighty click. What on earth?!!! A few more disgruntled clicks. Success! A window popped up. He looked at the first line of the address written on the envelope and then began to search for the alphabets scattered in the keyboard. He looked at the envelope, then at the keyboard and then at the monitor. Slowly he picked up each alphabet and typed the address. After a few minutes he left the keyboard alone and went for the mouse. Again a mighty click. Enter. Enter. Enter. The printer began to scream. At last, there was my receipt. I picked up the receipt and the balance change. I asked him when it would be delivered at the address to which he replied, “three to five days”. I looked at the clock…it took me 20 minutes to sent that letter! I no longer wonder why it is called snail mail but I wonder why is it computerized? (It took me much less time to write this article). Three days later, I received an sms from that good friend, “Recvd Ur Lettr. Thanx”. Well, I was not much excited. T.V.Vinu is a member of the Mind Text Team

Vipin Vishnu is a Marine Surveyor from Mumbai

MINDTEXT | Volume-3 Issue-1 |January 2008

For details follow the link: http:\\www.cppr.in\rang_sanskruti.html

Take your FIRST STEP Towards A FREER INDIA BE NEW LEADER DISCOVER NEW IDEAS
4 exciting days, 40 enthusiastic participants to... Explore, challenge, reflect & act on... Is India's population really a problem of India? Can liberalization benefit the poor? Can communities manage their own resources? Should only the government run schools? Come and engage with the REAL solutions at….

Liberty & Society Seminar
Winner of the Templeton Freedom Award for BEST STUDENT OUTREACH Apply Now Cochin, Kerala January 24 - 27, 2008 Application Deadline: 7 January 2008 Room and Board is provided by CCS. Participants pay travel costs & registration fee of Rs 450/- . For Application Form & LSS Reader, log onto www.ccs.in/lss Please send your complete application by email, courier, speedpost by the given deadline to: Centre for Civil Society K-36 Hauz Khas Enclave, New Delhi 110 016; 011-2653 7456 / 2652 1882/ 2651 2347;

Reality Check
Social Workers' Bitter Gall Jacob Islary Great people have spoken to us- some have inspired, and others have destabilized the homeostasis of the 'onenesshood' of the world. Lofty thoughts inspire us. But why do these thoughts end up just in the papers? The fact that 'reality bites' need not be stated again, since it is a well-known fact and those who have dated with truth and reality have been taken to be as anti-peace and traitors. Remember Gandhi and Mandela going to prison, and in the past we find Muhamed being ostracized and Christ being crucified because of 'Truth'- mind you, the world has not changed much. I let myself, be led to take part in conferences, seminars, debates and deliberations. Nothing to be proud of, most of these end up to be 'intellectual masturbations.' Often there are lots of discussions that are mind tickling that result in eruption of ideas, like volcanoes, sometimes too dusty that it suffocates. They are often made as 'show-pieces' of achievement of agencies and are given either a 'carrot' or a 'stick' according to the 'performance' at the end of the day. What make life for one, a bitter gall experience are incidents such as this. Once a member of the so-called 'mainstream society' was heard saying with all air of smile and spirit of fun to a person falling in a reserved category, “will I be the chief of your tribe … if I come over there, … of course I will color myself.” The addressed person just smiled and kept his coolness. I was impressed by the calmness of the person and when I met him a week later and asked concerning his feelings about the incident. All he said is “I realized the ignorance of the fellow regarding geography and anthropology. I guess being a child of a farmer I know how to use a stick, but my culture does not allow it- this culture is not that traditional 'culture of silence', but being conscious of the reality that sense is nonsense to such people, and 'educated-fools' need to be left to themselves or else you become a fool yourself.” Inspiring and stunning indeed- Now my one desire is to meet that member of the 'mainstream society' and ask what he meant by 'tribal' and perhaps gift him with a tin of “all weather paint.”

MINDTEXT | Volume-3 Issue-1 |January 2008

Documents are produced with more advertisements that content. There are some of course that are relevant, deserving to be hoisted on poles and saluted by nations, but they end up in garbage bins causing nothing but environmental pollution in the already polluted world. When it comes to my own experience as a student of social work, we are often bombarded with ideas what in By experience only 10 % (perhaps I am too generous, you one word may be termed as improving the quality of life are free to reduce the share) of those whose issues are of the common people. I recall a faculty of social work actually discussed are made to hear (mind you not to telling that social workers should 'always' aim at working participate), the conferences and seminars, by sitting in at the grassroots level for the betterment of the least in the some corner tied with strings to be made to dance society. No doubt this should be a priority. However, according to the rhythmic pull of the so called the social work to sustain and make a 'real' impact in society, 'empowering agents.' should be able to get into top policy making levels.

Oo
This article has been divided into two parts. The second part will be published in the February edition of Mind Text

Use of Information and Communication Technology and Life Long Learning Policy and Management in India: Creating a Knowledge Based Society By Chetan. Basavaraj. Singai
Abstract: Life Long Learning (LLL) is one of the significant contributor in the country's economic and social development. LLL is one of the basic educational right for an individual. Constant development in Information and Communication
Technologies (ICTs) has contributed overwhelmingly for a dynamic perceptive of Life Long Learning (LLL). However, there are oppositions to this aspect of ICTs in promoting LLL. The paper provides for a discussion between the Cyber Optimists, who see a great potential in enhancing LLL through ICTs and on the other hand it discusses the Cyber Pessimists, who doubt the potentials of ICTs support to realize the LLL. Post liberalization in India we have adopted e-governance as a reform in governance, which consolidates the position of the Cyber Optimists school of thought, which the paper attempts to elucidate in detail. Generally it is the developing countries like India that need efficient policy and management of LLL. Are they
MINDTEXT | Volume-3 Issue-1 |January 2008

well equipped to adopt and adapt to such a novel policy and management strategies? Continued on page 8

continued from page 6 Or else believe me, social work will end up only doing what is called post-facto 'advocacy' and criticism which is perhaps no better than barking from the manger full of straw. I believe that I interpreter your thinking, when I say, that there is not much use in chasing the elephant after the paddy has been eaten. In a conference, the noble idea of social workers becoming politicians was suggested as a strategy to check corruption. Many laughed at it and made joke of the idea. However, I believe that those laughter and jokes came from experience and knowledge, which I call 'wisdom.' Mind you there are agencies formed and managed by social workers that thrive at the expense of the so called the beneficiary groups (affectionately called BGs) in the Proposals. Deny it, and you are either a liar or an exception and if so, Congratulations! When I see around a world with host of people who claim to profess certain principles and do just the opposite, I am left with no vision but confusion arising out of such 'sordid' combinations. I am not a cynic by nature. I know how to admire. I am in love and I know what is beauty, and what is lofty, but I also know what is the 'Truth.’

Jacob Islary is a final year Masters in Social Work student from Rajagiri College of Social Sciences, Kochi.

Reality Check

Continued from page 7 Key words: knowledge based society, policy, management, globalization, human rights, public sphere, e-governance, Administrative Reforms, Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, WIPRO, civil society, digital divide. Introduction: Lifelong learning is the process where people (especially the youth) enter and re-enter formal learning at many points through out their lives, fundamental contributes to a “knowledge-based” society. Lifelong Learning cuts across all kinds of inequalities in the society offers to all irrespective of any discriminations or reservations its advantages. This phenomenon of equal access to knowledge is vital characteristic of the knowledge based society. Further, lifelong learning is a continuous intellectual activity which develops a critical and dialectical process among the people in the society. A knowledge based society does create the aspect of criticality and dialectical discourse. India having a life expectancy of 62.5 years (Male 62.35 years and Female 63.39 years) according to 2001 census report, we should highlight the policy of LLL significantly especially to the female population. The process and procedures of lifelong learning no doubt contribute in many ways towards promotion of a 'knowledge-based' society. A knowledge-based society is an innovative and life-long learning society, which possesses a community of scholars, researchers, engineers, technicians, research networks, and firms engaged in research and in production of high-technology goods and service provision. Knowledge is used to empower and enrich people culturally and materially, and to build a sustainable society. Lifelong learning is the process where people enter and re-enter formal learning at many points through out their lives, fundamental contributes to a “knowledge-based” society. Rapid changes and new development in technology have improved our ability to communicate and spread the Life Long Learning (LLL) message around the world. Information Communication Technologies (ICTs) offer a number of new opportunities and challenges to the LLL community across the globe. It is good to see that they are increasingly being addressed by LLL scholars, practitioners, organizations, commissions and activists. In the context of this paper, ICTs include the workings of all digital communications networks (principally the Internet), wireless networks, and radio broadcast networks. Across different phases of policymaking and information dissemination, they can be applied in various forms as database technologies, decision support technologies, networking technologies, and personal identification and tracking technologies. The Nehruvian vision of a vibrant India did materialize p r o g r e s s i n a t o m i c e n e rg y, s p a c e e x p l o r a t i o n , communications, defence, science and technology, agriculture, etc. But post-independence euphoria began vanishing as instruments of development began yielding suboptimal results. Poverty, illiteracy and hunger, among others, kept revisiting (Human Rights issues) the country's galloping population with nauseating regularity, confounding planners and policy-makers alike. Where do the fault-lines lie? Deficiencies were noticed in governance. Since the early

1990s, which incidentally coincide with the beginning of the economic reforms era in India, seven yard sticks were identified as measures of what came to be called as 'good governance'. These were: public sector management, accountability, legal and regulatory frameworks, transparency and information, human rights, participatory approaches, and military expenditure (related preconditions for project assistance by International Donor Institutions). Why can't we make the Life Long Learning as one of the measures or yard stick for 'good governance'. According to me, it is important to understand the interdependency between transparency and information, participatory approaches, human rights and promotion of Life Long Learning. All the four are interdependent. The 1992 development lending institution-induced reform agenda for governance stimulated a lot of introspection among decision-makers in India as elsewhere in the world. It was acknowledged that governance had to extend beyond conventional bureaucracies to involve citizens (irrespective of any sort of discrimination) and consumer groups at all levels actively, to empower and inform the public and disadvantaged groups, and to ensure service and programmes execution through autonomous elected bodies. With the coming in of globalization it is inevitable that we ignore the dynamics of ICTs and its influences. It would be our fallacy if we do so. In my opinion Life Long Learning (LLL) as a policy and management do require good governance which can be partly gained by ICTs or e-governance. 2. E-Governance in India India is the largest democracy of the world. The total literacy rate in India according to 2001 census is 64.8% (Male 78.3% and Female 53.7%). The Indian administrative set up is composed of the central government, state governments and local administration. To reach everybody in a diverse and highly populated country like India e-governance seems to be an appropriate mode of better governance. E-Governance has been introduced as a catalyst of change and development by the central, state and local governments to re-energize the administrative structures. The policy and management of LLL can me asserted through the use of already existing e-governance policy frame work. The private sector, non-government organizations and civil society have also taken recourse to eGovernance to lift their performance levels. The objective of the introduction of e-Governance has been to make the processes transparent, quantifiable, result-oriented and simple, and to make them function with greater speed. The above objectives are very central to LLL process and policy in especially India. The paper examines various aspects of the application of e-Governance in the central and various state governments, non-government organizations and the rural sector in India. Besides examining the philosophy and agenda of e-

MINDTEXT | Volume-3 Issue-1 |January 2008

benefits related to its application within the legal frame work. The paper highlights centralization vs. decentralization dimensions in relation to e-Governance. 3. Theoretical Framework The new paradigm we are talking about can be called - New Public Management (NPM) emerges as an important development in administrative theory. NPM emphasizes the role of public agencies in adopting private sector techniques in providing high quality services to citizens and advocates managerial autonomy in public management. 1. NPM suggest that traditional output-oriented administration should be replaced by the process-oriented administration with emphasis on performance evaluation indicators to measure actual achievements and quality services. The citizens are re-conceptualized as active consumers and not just passive recipients of public goods and services. 2. Organizational structures are being redesigned and hierarchies abandoned to create environments for more effective and productive managerial leadership. Significant here is that successful managerial performance needs to be backed up by motivated and focused human technological resources (Caiden, 1971). 3. Personal responsibility and accountability is sought to be built into the production process. Public agencies are told to switch from cash accrual accounting and become more cost effective. There is a shift of general emphasis from policy to management with full cost consciousness before making any decisions (Bhattacharya, 2002). 4. NPM is characterized by network society; the opportunity costs of alternative ways of organizing teams depend on the evolution of society and technological change. Hierarchies are not the most efficient forms of organization in a postmodern society where information is easily accessible and storable. The implication for public sector organization is to find a governance model which fits the theory of the networking society (Kooiman, 2003). 5. Among the background conditions discussed above we can provide for the receptivity of the NPM philosophy, for which following could be mentioned: ? Maturing of the public sector; ? Growth of civil society; ? Globalization: although the globalization wave derives its force first and foremost from the global market economy and the information revolution, it has clear implications for government operations. ? Information Revolution: large government operation such as education, health and social security will be affected by technological change. The potential use of ICT is enormous in government where information is crucial, both in terms of quality and quantity. Public organizations can be managed with the full employment of the potentialities of the information revolution the coming of E-governance. Organizational structure will be affected by the computerization of work processes, as tasks are redefined and new skills identified. From above discussion it is evident that e-governance model fits into NPM theory of administration because, e-governance involves transformation of the organizational culture of the government. Recent authors argue that governments are mandated by the citizen and business demands to operate within new structures and parameters precipitated by Information Technology. Current demands require cross cutting services, which in turn require government to improve communication and interaction across traditional bureaucratic lines (Alexander & Grubbs, 1998). These new requirements, which fundamentally alter the nature of government, are made possible through the strategic use of information & communications technologies. Garsons (1999) has divided the theoretical frameworks of e-governance (e-gov) into four main areas: decentralization/democratization, normative/dystopian, socio-technical systems, and global integration theories. As far as this paper is concerned the first two suffice to explain basic variations in e-governance theory towards administrative efficiency. The democratization/decentralization theory of e-governance revolves around the progressive potential of Information & Communications technologies and focuses on the positive governmental advances associated with e-governance. Normative/dystopian theory emphasizes the high rate of conflict and failure associated with information technology application and counters the positivist progressivism of decentralization/democratization theory with realist view of inherent technological limits and contradictions (Figure 1)
Theoretical framework of E-governance

Democratizat ion/ Decentralizat ion Use of ICTs

Normative/Dystopian

Progressive approach

Realist approach

Figure 1: Technological limits and contradictions

Decentralization/democratization theory is the most commonly held orientation associated with e-governance. In the 1990s, the reinventing government movement sought to alter the core focus of government, moving from departmentalization and centralization to citizen-centric decentralization, much in contrast to the traditional Weberian model (Osborne, D & Gaebler, T, 1992). The new paradigm mirrors many of the tenets of the reinventing government, including user control and customization, flexibility in service delivery, horizontal and vertical integration culminating in “one stop” shopping, and innovative leadership focused on the end user (HO, 2002). We can say that this paradigm shift is precipitated by the advent of the ICTs (especially Internet), which provides government the ability to use technology to impact customers directly (especially poor citizens), instead of simply reengineering internal processes. The decentralization theory predicts that e-governance diffusion will escalate its benefits (access to information) to citizens and to the agencies themselves are demonstrated. Having discussed the theoretical perspective of the dynamics ICTs towards LLL let us interrogate the following questions. What is the role of the ICTs in LLL? Does ICT create new divisions between rich and poor or does it intensify existing socio-economic divides? Does it have any direct role in enhancing the access to LLL or is it just a luxury that the people can ill afford? There are two opposing “opinion camps”: those that consider ICT to be the panacea for protection, promotion and processing of LLL (democratization/decentralization theory) and those that claim that ICT has no reasonable role in poverty reduction as long as the basic needs of the poor are not met (normative/dysfunctional theory). The argument in this paper falls somewhere in between. It is argued that the ICT, if supported with the right policies and with cross-cutting and holistic approaches, will complement and strengthen other multi-sectoral efforts that are required for spread of LLL, including those meeting basic needs.
MINDTEXT | Volume-3 Issue-1 |January 2008

Chetan Singai is a research scholar at the Centre for the Study of Law and Governance, JNU, Delhi

ec fl e R

ns tio

My life...
by Malathy I am walking fast, trying to keep pace I don't want to win the race But am forced to compete My life is not mine anymore, but for Others to dictate, expect and Criticize. My hopes and desires cannot Be shared. Just part of another rat race I am Like a baby, newborn, Confused, afraid… out of the mother's safe Womb. My life has begun anew, Amidst fear and hope, love and lust Anger and sorrow I shall find my way, not compete, but I shall find myself, my soul, my destiny.

Malathy is an intern with CPPR and is currently pursuing her Masters in Business Administration from Bangalore.

Sidelines

CPPR announces the next documentary project on “ 900 years of the Mar Thoma Church, Mulunthurathy”

A switch-on ceremony for the documentary project was held on the 12th of January 2008. 8. It saw the presence of Shri. Mathew T. Thomas, H’ble Minister of Transport, GoK and Shri. Monce jospeh, H’ble Minister of PWD, GoK. The documentary seeks to explore into 900 historical years of a region, people, church and many more...

MINDTEXT | Volume-3 Issue-1 |January 2008

A NEW BEGINNING WITH A BLAST!!!!

CPPR TEAM meets

at the pirtureque waterside restaurant, NAGEE Vazhiyoram th Tourism, Puthenkav on Sunday, 13 January 2008. The purpose of the meeting was to review events that took place in CPPR in the year 2007 and to welcome the new year with a BANG!

T

EA IME

CHAT
becoming poorer and rich becoming richer. This should be avoided & socialism should be the motive of all, but this is difficult to be practiced. Yet it helped to reduce monopoly. Every law and order, development, policy, reform etc should have a human face and a morality otherwise it will only contribute to creating a non uniform world with hatred and violence. Our Jail System has to be refined. A jailing system which will help to refine the nature of criminals is needed instead of one which creates more criminals. Similarly society and legislature should concentrate in developing youth and saving them from social evils like alcohol and drug abuse. For reforms in judiciary, the delay in finalizing cases should be avoided. His advice to the present young generation is “ Yo u t h s h o u l d b e m o r e c o m m i t t e d , socially and morally. Present day youth are more privileged so they should do something for the vulnerable classes in the society.” The meeting ended at 11:30 with small r e f r e s h m e n t . Abin, Kapil, Jithin, Madhu, Carolin, Boby, Jaison and Anoop took part in the meeting.

Tea Time Chat - an informal meeting organized by Centre for Public Policy Research was held at Ernakulam on 12th January 2008 at 10 AM. The meeting was initiated to make the team members familiar to certain aspects in the present social scenario and to open up the minds of team members as well as newcomers to fields of public policies and present situations prevailing in the society. It also intends to lay a platform for various students to develop their social knowledge. The chief guest of the chat was Justice P.K Shamsudeen Retd. Judge, High Court).As the resource person has some physical disabilities the chat was organized at his home itself. The members got a warm welcome. As an introduction Justice P.K. Shamsudeen described his Profile, his schooling etc. He did his schooling at Chavakkad and graduation at Layola College Madras and Bachelor of Law from Law College Madras. Then he enrolled in Madras court in 1955 as a junior under Mr. P.Poker. After one year he returned to Kerala. During the discussion time he spoke about various issues like conflict between judiciary and Parliament. In His opinion, for some cases, when parliament or legislation fails to do its duties or when basic human rights are violated, judiciary has to take over the matter (e.g. repairing roads after monsoon

MINDTEXT | Volume-3 Issue-1 |January 2008

On questioning about the liberal thoughts he insisted on the basic interests behind it. In his opinion globalization has become a truth, but it has lead to a state that poor are

CPPRians CPPRians

Justice Shamsudeen

UPCOMING EVENT

CPPR hosts LYSA Annual General body Meeting...
February 7 to 11, 2008

Centre for Public Policy Research (CPPR) hosts Liberal Youth South Asia (LYSA) Annual General Body meeting from February 7 to 11, 2008 in Cochin, Kerala, India. Delegates from Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Nepal and the host country India are expected to attend this AGM cum Strategy Meeting.
MINDTEXT | Volume-3 Issue-1 |January 2008

Youth in action...
DEAD END

End of Document