DETERMINERS

Articles, quantifiers, and other determiners modify nouns. They resemble adjectives in that way.
Determiners help us say what we are talking about.

VERBS & VERB TENSES
Verbs are action words. They tell us what is happening and when (past, present, future). Verbs can also
express possibilities and conditions.

SPEECH
When we report what someone says, we can cite the person directly or indirectly. Indirect speech rules
are an important area of grammar.

PUNCTUATION
Punctuation is not part of oral grammar, but it is essential to master in written English.

RELATIVE CLAUSES
We use relative clauses in English to create more complex and more precise sentences.

GRAMMAR TEST
Test your English grammar skills in context, both listening and reading skills included.